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4.8

Using Isosceles and Equilateral Triangles

4.8

Today I will use theorem about


Isosceles and Equilateral triangles.

Vocabulary
Legs -

The two congruent sides

Vocabulary
Vertex Angle -

The angle formed by the two legs.

Vocabulary
Base -

The third side

Vocabulary
Base Angles -

The two angles adjacent to the base.

Theorem
Theorem 4.7 -

Base Angle Theorem

If two sides of a triangle are congruent, then the angles opposite the two sides are congruent.

Theorem
Theorem 4.8 -

Converse of Base Angles Theorem

If two angles of a triangle are congruent, then the sides opposite the angles are congruent.

Applying the Base Angles Theorem


In DEF, DE DF, Name the two congruent angles.
D
F

E
By the Base Angle Theorem F E

Applying the Base Angles Theorem


In RST, RS TS, Name the two congruent angles.
S
R

T
By the Base Angle Theorem R T

Corollaries
Corollary to the Base Angles Theorem
If a triangle is equilateral, then it is equiangular.

Corollaries
Corollary to the Converse of Base Angles Theorem
If a triangle is equiangular, then it is equilateral.

Find measures in the triangle.


C

B
x + x + x = 180
3x = 180
x = 60

Find measures in the triangle.


C
50

B
x + x + 50 = 180
2x + 50 = 180
2x = 130
x = 65

Find measures of x and y.


K
)

))

))

x+1
M

Since KNL is equiangular then it is also equilateral so y = 4.


Since LNM LMN then by the Converse of the Base Angles Theorem
LN = LM
4=x+1
3=x

Find measures of x and y.


K
)

x
L

y+4

))

))

Since KNL is equiangular then it is also equilateral so x = 7


Since LNM LMN then by the Converse of the Base Angles Theorem
LN = LM
7=y+4
3=y

Classwork
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Classwork
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4.9

Performing Congruence Transformation

4.9

Today I will create an image


congruent to a given triangle.

Coordinate Notation for a Translation


Translation in a coordinate system can be described by

(x,y)

(x + a, y + b)

Where a is the shift horizontally and b is the shift vertically.

Figure ABC has the vertices A(-4,3), B(-2,4), and C(-1,1). Sketch the ABC and its image
after the translation (x,y)
(x + 5, y + -2)
y
(x,y)

(x + 5, y + -2)

A(-4,3)

(-4 + 5, 3 + -2)

A(1,1)
B(-2,4)

A
B

(-2 + 5, 4 + -2)
A

B(3,2)
C(-1,1)

(-1 + 5, 1 + -2)
C

C(4,-1)

Figure ABC has the vertices A(-4,3), B(-2,4), and C(-1,1). Sketch the ABC and its image
after the translation (x,y)
(x + 2, y + 1)
y
(x,y)

(x + 2, y + 1)

A(-4,3)

(-4 + 2, 3 + 1)

A(-2,4)
B(-2,4)

C(1,2)

A B
A

(-2 + 2, 4 + 1)

B(0,5)
C(-1,1)

C
(-1 + 2, 1 + 1)

C
x

Use Coordinate notation to describe the translation.


8 units to the left, 10 units down
(x,y)

(x - 8,y - 10)

3 units to the right, 4 units up


(x,y)

(x + 8,y + 4)

4 units to the right, 2 units up


(x,y)

(x + 4,y + 2)

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Study for Unit 4 Exam