Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 54

-

. . . . -

..

. .

-
2009 .


.
54 , : 30 , 5 .
: Mail.ru , Skype, ICQ, , -,
.
:
,
- (
).
,
-. ,
.
/ . ,
/ .
.

. . .. -.

3
............................................................................................................................ 4
1. - .................... 5
1.1. ........................................................................................ 5
1.2. , .................................... 7
1.3. , - ....................................... 9

2. - MAIL.RU ............................................................... 12
2.2. Mail.ru ........................................................................................................ 14
2.2. , Mail.ru ............................................................................................ 27

3. - SKYPE .............................................................................. 28
3.1. Skype ................................................................................................................................ 28
3.2. C, Skype ......................................................................................... 33

4. - ICQ .................................................................................... 35
4.1. ICQ ............................................................................................................................... 35
4.2. ICQ ....................................................................................................................... 36
4.3. ICQ ....................................................................................... 38
4.4. ICQ ............................................................................................................................................. 39
4.5. ICQ ............................................................................................................................................. 40
4.6. ICQ .......................................................................................................................... 41

5. -. ....................................... 44
5.1. / ................................................... 44
5.1.1. / ........................................................................................................... 45
5.1.2. / ........................................................................ 47
5.2. -.................................................................................... 48
- Mail.ru : ............................................................................................... 48
- Skype: ............................................................................................................. 49
- ICQ: .................................................................................................................................... 51
5.3. - .................................................................................................................... 51

..................................................................................................................... 53
............................................................. 54

,
. IP-
:
/-.
(RTP, RCTP, H.323).
(. Multum + Medium)

-.

-. , AIM, aMSN, Google Talk, ICQ, Mail.ru
, Miranda IM, QIP InfiumSkype, Windows Live Messenger ( MSN
Messenger) . ,
, .
,
,
- ( -) .

1. -
(. Internet, Interconnected Networks ,
[ ; . , )
.
. , ,
.
,
,
. ,
,
, .
2008 ,
, 1,4 . ( ).


.
2008

,
.
1.1.
1957
,
.
(DARPA)
.
-, ,
-.
ARPANET (. Advanced Research Projects
Agency Network), 1969
,
. ARPANET
, .
ARPANET 1 1969
-. Honeywell 516
12 .
1971
, .

1973

, .
1970-
, ,
.
,
. 1970-
, 198283 .
. 1
1983 ARPANET NCP TCP/IP,
(, , )
. 1983 ARPANET.
1984 (. Domain Name
System, DNS).
1984 ARPANET ,
(NSF) NSFNet
(. National Science Foundation Network),
( Usenet Bitnet)
, ARPANET.
10 . ,
NSFNet.
1988 Internet Relay Chat (IRC),
().
1989 ,
(. Conseil Europen pour la Recherche Nuclaire, CERN)
.
-, HTTP,
HTML URI.
1990 ARPANET ,
NSFNet.
(. . . Dialup
access).
1991 , 1993
Web- NCSA Mosaic.
.
1995 NSFNet ,

, .
1995
, FTP,
(W3C). ,
.

1996
.
1990-
( , , ).

, ,
. 1997
10 . ,
1 . .
.
1998 II
.
,
, , , ,
- .
.
50
(. 1.1).
1.1
,

38

13

10

5
( , [])
. ,
.ru .su., 198794
. 28 1990 ,
. . .
, - ,
, . 19
1990 .su
InterNIC.
. 7 1994 InterNIC
.ru.
1.2. ,

. TCP/IP.

(. stack, ) , TCP
IP.

TCP/IP RTP RTCP.
RTP (Real-Time Protocol)
.
Audio-Video Transport Working Group IETF 1996
RFC 1889, RFC 3550 2003 .
RTP ,
,
(JPEG, MPEG . .). ,
, .

, .
, ,
UDP.

. 1.1. RTP

RTP .
,
,
RTCP. , RTP
,
, , , STUN-.
RTP,
(,
SIP).
RTCP (RTP Control Protocol) , ,
RTP, .
,
,

.

, .

. 1.2. RTP ES, MUX


TRS

1.3. , -
(. 1.1).
1.1. -

AOL Instant
Messenger
(AIM)

America
On-Line

2001,

aMSN

2002,



( )

Google Talk

Google Inc.

1.0.0.105

iChat

Apple Computer
Mirabilis

4.0.7

ICQ
Mail.ru

Mail.ru
Miranda IM project


( OSCAR)

5.4

Miranda IM

2002, 17

1999, 1

2005, 24

2002,

1996,

2003,

2000, 29

1.7.1

Coccinella

Alvaro J. Iradier
Muro
BitWise
Communications
Mats Bengtsson

pork

Ryan McCabe

AIM, IRC

0.99.8.1

Psi

Justin Karneges

2006, 6

2001

,
Jabber

0.12

BitWise IM

6.1 (Windows),
4.7.1333 (Mac
OS X)
1.5.286 (Linux)
0.96

0.95.15

6.5

0.7.17

10
QIP Infium

Ilham Z.

2007

Skype

Niklas Zennstrom,
Janus Friis / eBay

2003

Net Meeting

Microsoft

2000

Build 9030
4.0 (Windows)
2.0.0.72 (Linux),
2.7.0.330
(MacOS X)
5.1.0701

. 1.2 , .
-,
. : Mail.ru , Skype, ICQ.

11
1.2. -

Web-

AOL Instant
Messenger (AIM)
aMSN
BitWise IM
Coccinella
Google Talk
iChat
ICQ
Mail.ru
Miranda IM

+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+
+

+
+
+
+
+
+

Pork
Psi
QIP Infium

+
+

+
+
+

+
+

Skype
Net Meeting

+
-

+
+

http(s),
socks4, 5
http, socks5
http(s),
socks4, 4A, 5
-

+
+

+
-

+
+

+
+

+
+

12

2. - Mail.ru
ail.ru -
, Mail.ru 2003 .
. 2.1.
,
IP-, SMS.
Mail.ru .
@mail.ru,
@inbox.ru, @list.ru, @bk.ru.
. . Mail.ru
Sipnet.
Mail.ru 9 . .
3 . 60
.
2.1. Windows

124

1.0
1

1.5

117

203

2.0

217

312

2.0

279

382

2.5

387

402

2.55

432

432

ail.ru -.

:
, , .
2003
:
,
.
.


2003
.
ail.ru

. ail.ru

2003
, ,
, .
.

2003
.
ail.ru :
ail.ru ,

ail.ru . 32
2004
8 . ail.ru
,
.
ail.ru .


2004

().

13

3.0

614

489

4.0

786

581

4.1

975

900

4.2

1102

1100

4.3

1217

1260

4.4

1326

1568

4.5

1399

1628

4.6

1425

1626

4.7

1665

2296

4.8

1709

2303

4.9

1849

2610

2004

2004

3000
.
(
, , ,
, -).


.
ail.ru .

.
.

( ).

. (,
2005
).
.
.
, .

. .
2005

. ,
.
.

5.
2005
.
.
.
.

.
2006
.
SMS
.
2006

.
VoIP 2006
.

. .
2006

.
.
-:

2006
.

.
2007
.

14

4.10

1852

2,93

2007

5.0

2048

3,91

2007

5.0

2049

3,91

2008

5.1

2187

3,8

2008

5.2

2243

4,9

2008

5.3

2527

4,9

2008

5.4

2584

5,2

2009

. .

,
,

@mail.ru
:
,

,
,
, .
:
, .
(,
,
,
,
), unicode ,
,

.

,
, ,
. ICQ.

,
USB-.

2.2. Mail.ru
MMP - Mail.Ru Mail.Ru.
tcp .
,
, .
MMP .
, . . ,
. UL.
, . .
UL, ( windows-1251) UL
. - LPS.
UIDL
. UIDL - 8 [az A-Z 0-9 _ - = +].
.
:

15

, , MMP MMP, ( - 1.7)


.
, .
, /
( ).

, . .
.
ip ( inet_aton() )
:

{
u_long
magic;
u_long
proto;
u_long
seq;
u_long
msg;
u_long
dlen;
u_long
from;
u_long
fromport;
u_char reserved[16];
}
:
tcp-
MRIM_CS_HELLO, MRIM_CS_HELLO_ACK,
MRIM_CS_LOGIN2 MRIM_CS_PING
MRIM_CS_HELLO_ACK .
( MRIM_CS_PING)
( . .)
, .
:
: cs - Client -> Server
: sc - Server -> Client
:
:
: MRIM_CS_HELLO
: MRIM_CS_HELLO_ACK
: cs
: , .
:

16

: MRIM_CS_HELLO_ACK
: sc
:
UL ## ping_period ## (
)
: ,
.
:
: MRIM_CS_LOGIN_ACK
: sc
: , -
.
:
: MRIM_CS_LOGIN_REJ
: sc
:
LPS ## reason ##
: , - ,
.
:
: MRIM_CS_PING
: cs
: , .
, RIM_CS_HELLO_ACK.
:
: MRIM_CS_MESSAGE
: cs
seq ,
MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_STATUS,
.
:
UL ## flags ## ##
MESSAGE_FLAG_OFFLINE ## ,

MESSAGE_FLAG_NORECV ##

MESSAGE_FLAG_AUTHORIZE ##

17

MESSAGE_FLAG_SYSTEM ##

MESSAGE_FLAG_RTF ##

MESSAGE_FLAG_CONTACT ##
.
,
.
<1>;<1>;<2>;<2>;<3>;<3>;...
MESSAGE_FLAG_NOTIFY ## - " ".
10 , , .
.
MESSAGE_FLAG_MULTICAST ##
, . to
, . 50 .
LPS ## to ## email
LPS ## message ##
LPS ## rtf-message ## ,
rtf-.
rtf- gzip base64 . :
BASE64(
GZIP(
UL LPS ( 2)
LPS rtf_text_with_all_rtf_headers_and_tags
LPS UL
)
)
: .
. , rtf
,
.
:
: MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_ACK
: sc
:
UL ## msg_id ## (Sequence)
UL ## flags ## MRIM_CS_MESSAGE
LPS ## from ##
LPS ## message ##

18

LPS ## rtf-message ##
:
:
: MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_RECV
: cs
:
LPS ## from ##
UL ## msg_id ##
:
MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_ACK, MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_ACK
MESSAGE_FLAG_NORECV. from msg_id
MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_ACK .
:
: MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_STATUS
: sc
seq seq MRIM_CS_MESSAGE
:
UL ## status ## ##
MESSAGE_DELIVERED ##
MESSAGE_REJECTED_INTERR ##
MESSAGE_REJECTED_NOUSER ##
MESSAGE_REJECTED_LIMIT_EXCEEDED ## -
,

MESSAGE_REJECTED_TOO_LARGE ##

MESSAGE_REJECTED_DENY_OFFMSG ## -
,

:
. .
MRIM_CS_MESSAGE_STATUS
,
-
.
:
: MRIM_CS_USER_STATUS
: sc
:

19

UL ## status ## ##
STATUS_OFFLINE ##
STATUS_ONLINE ##
STATUS_AWAY ## ,
STATUS_UNDETERMINATED ##

STATUS_FLAG_INVISIBLE ## ,
,
.
LPS ## user ## email
:
, - (
" " ,
).
-. .
:
: MRIM_CS_LOGOUT
: sc
:
UL ## reason ## ##
LOGOUT_NO_RELOGIN_FLAG ## -
.
.
:
: MRIM_CS_CONNECTION_PARAM
: sc
:
UL ## ping_period ## .
: MRIM_CS_PING
.
:
: MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT
: cs
:
UL ## flags ## ##
CONTACT_FLAG_GROUP ## ,
( ).
-
CONTACT_FLAG_INVISIBLE ## "
"

20

CONTACT_FLAG_VISIBLE ## "
"
CONTACT_FLAG_IGNORE ##

CONTACT_FLAG_SHADOW ##
- ( )
CONTACT_FLAG_REMOVED ##
UL ## group_id ## , (
CONTACT_FLAG_GROUP 0)
LPS
##
email
##

CONTACT_FLAG_GROUP)
LPS ## name ## (
-, CONTACT_FLAG_GROUP) LPS ##
unused ##
:
: MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT_ACK
: sc
:
UL ## status ## ##
CONTACT_OPER_SUCCESS ##
CONTACT_OPER_ERROR ##
CONTACT_OPER_INTERR ##

CONTACT_OPER_NO_SUCH_USER ##

CONTACT_OPER_INVALID_INFO ##
CONTACT_OPER_USER_EXISTS ##
CONTACT_OPER_GROUP_LIMIT
##

(20)
## UL ## contact_id ##
: MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT. -1 status
CONTACT_OPER_SUCCESS.
:
: MRIM_CS_MODIFY_CONTACT
: cs
:
UL ## id ##
UL ## flags ##
UL ## group_id ## 0
LPS ## contact ## ,

21

LPS ## name ## ,
: , MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT. contact
.
:
: MRIM_CS_MODIFY_CONTACT_ACK
: sc
:
UL ## status ## . ,
MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT_ACK
: ,

: MRIM_CS_OFFLINE_MESSAGE_ACK
: sc
:
UIDL ## uidl ## id
LPS ## message ## . RFC/822
. From,

Date, X-MRIM-FLAGS,

Boundary.
:
, .
:
: MRIM_CS_OFFLINE_MESSAGE_DEL
: cs
:
UIDL ## uidl
: MRIM_CS_OFFLINE_MESSAGE_ACK
MRIM_CS_OFFLINE_MESSAGE_DEL uidl,
.
.
: -
: MRIM_CS_AUTHORIZE
: cs
:
LPS ## user ## email
: , user
- .

22

:
: MRIM_CS_AUTHORIZE_ACK
: sc
:
LPS ## user ## email
: MRIM_CS_AUTHORIZE
user , user .
:
: MRIM_CS_CHANGE_STATUS
: cs
:
UL
##
status
##

MRIM_CS_USER_STATUS,

STATUS_UNDETERMINATED STATUS_OFFLINE
: web-
: MRIM_CS_GET_MPOP_SESSION
: cs
: Mail.Ru
GET-,
.
: web-
: MRIM_CS_GET_MPOP_SESSION_ACK
: sc
:
UL ## status ## (1 - , 0 -
)
LPS ## session ##
: URL win.mail.ru/cgibin/auth?Login=email&agent=.
:
: MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST
: cs
:
UL ## field ## ##
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_USER ## ( ),

MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_DOMAIN ##
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_NICKNAME ##
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_FIRSTNAME ##

23

MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_LASTNAME ## , *
//

MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_SEX ## . 1 - , 2 -
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_DATE1 ## (
)
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_DATE2 ## (
)
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_CITY_ID ## ID
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_ZODIAC ## ( - 1,
..., - 12)
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_BIRTHDAY_MONTH
##

( - 1, ..., - 12)
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_BIRTHDAY_DAY ##
( )
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_COUNTRY_ID
##
ID

MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_ONLINE ##
(1)
LPS ## value ,
: .
-. "", . .
.
(
)
(
MRIM_CS_WP_REQUEST_PARAM_ONLINE ).
:
: MRIM_CS_ANKETA_INFO
: cs
:
UL ## status ## ##
MRIM_ANKETA_INFO_STATUS_OK ##
MRIM_ANKETA_INFO_STATUS_NOUSER ##

MRIM_ANKETA_INFO_STATUS_RATELIMERR ##
,
UL ## fields_num ##
UL ## max_rows ##
( , )

24

UL ## server_time ## (
). :
00:00:00 1 1970 .
LPS, LPS, ... ## fields ## ( fields_num
)
LPS, LPS, ... ## values ##

, , fields_num

: .
( ).
:
: MRIM_CS_MAILBOX_STATUS
: sc
:
UL ## status ##
:
.
: -
: MRIM_CS_CONTACT_LIST2
: sc
:
UL ## status ## -
GET_CONTACTS_OK ##
GET_CONTACTS_ERROR ## -
GET_CONTACTS_INTERR ##
UL ## groups_number ## -
LPS ## group_mask ## - , 's'
(LPS),'u' (UL),'z' ( ,
), "us" - ,

LPS ## contacts_mask ## - (
group_mask), uussuu (, , , ,
, )
## groups ## ( groups_number )
## contacts ##
: - .
-, .
, MRIM_CS_ADD_CONTACT, -
, MRIM_CS_USER_STATUS.
- CONTACT_INTFLAG_NOT_AUTHORIZED ,
"
". ,

25

,
.
:
: MRIM_CS_USER_INFO
: sc
:
LPS, LPS, ... ##name1, value1, name2, value2, ... ##
, , ,
, , ...
MESSAGES.TOTAL - ,
MESSAGES.UNREAD
- , MRIM.NICKNAME

:
: MRIM_CS_LOGIN2
: cs
:
LPS ## login ## email
LPS ## password ##
UL ## status ## (. MRIM_CS_CHANGE_STATUS)
LPS ## user_agent ## ,
"Mail.Ru Miranda Plugin v 1.0"
:
: MRIM_CS_FILE_TRANSFER
: cs/sc
:
LPS - ( )/ (
)
DWORD -
DWORD - .
LPS - , LPS-:
LPS - .

"#FILENAME#:#SIZE#;#FILENAME#:#SIZE#;",
#FILENAME# , #SIZE#

.
LPS - 0.
LPS - ,
, .
: "#IP#:#PORT#;#IP#:#PORT#;", #IP# - tcp/ip
, #PORT# - tcp/ip

26

:
: MRIM_CS_FILE_TRANSFER_ACK
: cs/sc
:
DWORD -
FILE_TRANSFER_STATUS_OK -

FILE_TRANSFER_STATUS_DECLINE -

FILE_TRANSFER_STATUS_ERROR -

FILE_TRANSFER_STATUS_INCOMPATIBLE_VERS -

FILE_TRANSFER_MIRROR - ""
. ,
MRIM_CS_FILE_TRANSFER #IP#:#PORT#
LPS - ( )/ (
)
DWORD -
LPS -
FILE_TRANSFER_MIRROR
, ,
. : "#IP#:#PORT#;#IP#:#PORT#;",
#IP# - tcp/ip , #PORT# - tcp/ip
.
: ,
:
( connect() ): "MRA_FT_HELLO
_\0" MRA_FT_HELLO _\0
( connect() ): "MRA_FT_HELLO
_\0" MRA_FT_HELLO _\0
, : "MRA_FT_GET_FILE
___\0", ,
.
"MRA_FT_GET_FILE ___\0" ..
, -
, . 2.1. UDP
46714- .

27

. 2.1

2.2. , Mail.ru

;
;
SMS;
;
;
;
-;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
;
, ;
ICQ ;

28

3. - Skype
Skype ,
400
.
Skype VoIP, Skype
Technologies S.A. - , .
(Janus Friis)
(Niklas Zennstrom), ,
- KaZaA. KaZaA, Skype
( )
peer-to-peer. KaZaA,
, Skype
, Skype
.
29 2003
Skype.
. 2005 Skype eBay.
Skype 59
.
3.1. Skype
Skype-
(normal/ordinal node/host/nest), SC (Skype Client),
super- (super node/host/nest), SN.
, IP- (,
) ,
super- ,
(NAT)
.
,
Skype-login, Skype-
.
, ,
super- (. 3.1).
Skype- . Skype-
,
( ,
).

29

. 3.1. Skype-

Skype- IP-
super- - (Host Cache Tables,
HC-tables). Skype 1.0, -
XML-,
.
Skype- ,
:
Skype-, ..

Skype-, .
Skype- TCP- UDP-
( 3.2).
,
Skype- . , Skype
80 (HTTP) 443, , ,
, Skype .

30

. 3.2. IP- Skype UDP

Skype ,
,
( ) .
,
,
.
, . 3.3.

. 3.3. , Skype

31

Skype-
,
STUN TURN. STUN RFC-3489.
TURN',
.
STUN, Simple Traversal of User Datagram Protocol
(UDP) Through Network Address Translators (NATs) (
UDP (NAT)),
, , ,
:
, UDP;

.
NAT
, , IP-
(external) IP- .
IP-
, NAT .
, UDP-,
.
, NAT
, IP
UDP-. . 3.4.
TURN (Traversal Using Relay NAT).
TURN ( )
UDP- (packet loss),
,
- .

. 3.4. Skype-,
Skype- NAT

32

UDP- (
). Skype
TCP.

TCP/UDP-, .
, web- 80- ,
1369-, 6927- - .

, proxy-, Skype
proxy-
(. 3.5).

. 3.5. Skype, proxy-,


. 3.6. ,
Skype UDP
51527.

33

. 3.6

3.2. C, Skype
,
Skype;
;
;
,
;
, offline, ,
;
;
;
SMS ;
, ;

34

,
;

(, , , );
100 ;
10 ;
URL ;
,
;

;
;
, ;
,

;
on-line;
Skype- ;
;
Skype ;
.

35

4. - ICQ
4.1. ICQ
Mirabilis Ltd. 1996
- - (). ,
, ,
. Mirabilis
: ,
,
. ICQ,
I seek you .
- ICQ 1996 , 4
Mirabilis. ,
.
;
ICQ ,
, . ICQ

.
ICQ.
, ,
. , ICQ
7,5 .,
. ICQ
.
, 1998 ICQ
. AOL America
Online, 1997
,
AOL Instant Messenger (AIM), Netscape
Navigator. AOL
AIM,
10 .
IM, Microsoft.
. ,
Microsoft , . Microsoft
, Mirabilis. ,
Microsoft, ICQ, 1998
AOL 287 .
ICQ AOL,
. AOL ,
Mirabilis.

36

- ,
, .
Microsoft, , Flash Communications
Messenger Service. MSN
Messenger Microsoft -
, AIM. AOL
IM
, . Microsoft
, . ,
Microsoft . MSN Messenger, 1999
, AIM. Microsoft
AOL : MSN Messenger
Windows XP
, , ,
. AOL ,
ICQ . Microsoft
Vodafone:
, Messenger,
Hotmail, Microsoft.
, ICQ IM-,
,

.
ICQ 200
, 100
. 8 ICQ . ICQ
,
http://icq.com/ 300 .
3 .
250 . ICQ 70%
ICQ ,
243 . AOL ,
, ,
, 120 .
4.2. ICQ
ICQ Instant Messanging,
IM- ,
Mirabilis. ICQ
? ,
.
ICQ?

37


ICQ. ,
Mirabilis,
UIN (Unique Identification Number),
. ICQ (UIN)
,
.
UIN , .
ICQ .
,
.
, .
( ICQ),
(Contact List), UIN ,
. UIN
(Nick Name).
: , , ,
, , , ,
.
.
.
,
, ICQ.

,
,
.
ICQ .
.
ICQ Xtraz,
ICQ ,
. ICQ,
.
Xtraz, ,
. Xtraz
.
(),
.

38

4.3. , ICQ
on-line
;
,
, , ;
,
;
;
-
;
,
;
, , ,
off-line ( );
;
- ( ,
, - );
;
;
;
URL ;
;
SMS ;
,
;

;

(
);
:
;
;

;
;
.
ICQ
.

39

4.4. ICQ
ICQ ,
. ICQ 5
Push-2-Talk (Push-to-Talk
),
Walkie Talkie (. 4.1).

,
.
,

. -,
,
.
. 4.1

, .
,
: , ,
, , .
. ICQ 5. ICQ-
Push-2-Talk,
, .
ICQ 5
(. 4.2). Push-2-Talk
,
.
.
Xtraz.
, Push-2-Talk ,

.

40

. 4.2

, ,
ICQ
-.
4.5. ICQ
ICQ
, ,
.
ICQ - , --.
- .
,
( ),
.
ICQ ,
Windows XP,
Xtraz.
,
ICQ Video Xtraz (. 4.3 ).
,
, (. 4.3 ).

41

. 4.3

ICQ RTP 1.2.


IP- ( peer-to-peer
), UDP 5190
.
4.6. ICQ
ICQ
. ICQ-
.
,
Mirabilis AOL. ,
ICQ - ,
UDP, ,
TCP. ICQ UDP.
ICQ
v1, v2, v3, v4 v5, ICQ97, ICQ98, ICQ99.

Mirabilis ( v1 ),
. Mirabilis America
OnLine, ICQ AOL Instant Messenger (AIM).
ICQ. ICQ
9 . OSCAR (Open systems for Communications in
Real Time), IM-, America
OnLine ICQ AIM.

42

OSCAR TCP/IP
. TCP/IP
, . TCP
OSI (Open Systems Interconnection),
.
. IP OSI
, , ;

.
IP

,
TCP/IP
, .
TCP/IP ,
;

. TCP/IP 4 : ,
, , (. 4.4).

. 4.4

1)
TCP/IP,
: Ethernet, Token Ring, FastEthernet, PPP, SLIP
X.25.
2)
,
. ,
. . : IP -
. ICMP -

43

. RIP, OSFR, ARP -


.
3)
. TCP UDP. TCP(Transmission
Control Protocol)
. UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
( IP)
4)
,
.
FTP, TFTP, Telnet, SMTP, POP, IMAP, HTTP,
, IM- OSKAR ICQ.
, OSKAR
, ICQ, TCP/IP,

TCP.
, UDP
, . 4.5.
.

. 4.5

44

5. -.
5.1. /
, -
- ,
, .
USB- Web-,
,
,
(. 5.3) ,
- . . 5.4.

. 5.3.

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

SVHS- (mini-DIN 4-)


-
AV- (RCA)
- (3,5 stereo-jack)

- (3,5 stereo-jack)

, -
, .
,
.
.
Web- USB, .

45

. 5.4.

, -,
1 256 .

384 /.
5.1.1. /
.
, , ( )
.

Genius MIC-01A
(. 5.5).
-60

100 - 11
,
.
360 .
.
: http://www.genius.ru
. 5.5

46

(
),
, -.
.., .

Genius SP-E120
(. 5.6).


/

2
80 - 20
70

96.5177124
1030

. 5.6

Panasonic RP-HG201E-A

( 5.7).

18 - 22
:
.

mini-Jack 3.5

. 5.7

Genius HS-04B

-
( 5.8).
30 ,

.
; .

. 5.8

112 3
32
20 - 20
1,6
100

47

5.1.2. /
Web-
(. 5.9).

USB

- -
0,3
- .
640480

-
640480
-
30 /


MJPEG
- ,
,

USB
. 5.9

,
, .

LCD LG W1942T (. 5.10)


.

.5.10

TN
16:10
19"
0,285
300 /2
700:1, 8000:1 (DFC)
30 - 83
56 - 75
1440 90
5
170 / 170
36
DVI, D-sub
VESA 75
5 / +20
448383198
4,1

48

5.2. -
.
3,2 , 2 , - 8 /
, Windows Vista Ultimate.
- Mail.ru :
, ,
(. 5.11).
,
(. 5.12). , , , ,
(.
5.13).

. 5.12.

. 5.11.
Mail.ru

. 5.13.

, .

49

- Skype:
Skype,
(. 5.14).
, , (.
5.15).

. 5.14. Skype.
. 5.15. .

50

- ,
(. 5.16).

. 5.16. Skype

51

- ICQ:

. ,
-, . . 5.17.

. 5.17. ICQ


5.3. -
, ,
(.
5.18). Mail.ru UDP; ICQ Skype
TCP.
,
. , Skype
-
, , ICQ
.

52

90
80
70
60
50

ARP
UDP

40

TCP

30
20
10
0
Mail.ru

Skype

ICQ

. 5.18. -

,
Mail.ru . ,
.
Skype .
, .
ICQ:
, .
.
, , .
. 5.1.
5.1.

,
,
,
,

In/Out
Mail.ru

Skype
ICQ

,
/
In/Out

CPU

, %

4/4

13

1,25/1,45

174,3/202,0

3-7

5/3
2/2

6,8
9

22
20

1,9/0,8
1,1/0,8

263,4/110,0
153,5/111,5

6-10
5-12

53

, Mail.ru
, .
, .
, , .
Mail.ru , Skype
.

-.

.
.

.
,
/ .
,
-
.

54


1. Philippe BIONDI Fabrice DESCLAUX Silver Needle in the Skype,BlackHat
Europe 2006.
2. .., .. . , ,
. . 3- . .: , 2006.
3 http://opds.sut.ru/
4 http://skype.com
5 http://www.skypeclub.ru/
6 http://icq.com/
7 http://ru.wikipedia.org/
8 http://www.xakep.ru
9 http://agent.mail.ru/