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Internet

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2011 .


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Internet.
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,
,

1. .

1.1 ..........

1.2 Internet 10
1.3 ........ 13
1.4 .......... 14
1.5 SMTP 16
1.6 POP3. 17
1.7 IMAP........

20

1.8 SSL 23
1.9 TLS... 26
2. . ... 28
2.1 Mozilla Thunderbird........... 28
2.2 The Bat!.......................................................................................................... 32
2.3 Microsoft Outlook 2010. 40
2.4 Microsoft Outlook for Mac 2011... 47
3.
...........BD 52
4. MAIL. RU.. 56
.. 60
61



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(MIT)
MAIL
CTSS (Compatible Time-Sharing System),
IBM 7090/7094.

. 1.1. mail

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(
).

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( joe foo).

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DNS,
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RFC-2821.
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RFC-2822. :

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(header),

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(body), ,
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, RFC-2047.
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. 1.1 .
1.1

Date:

From:

Reply-To:

To:

Cc:

Bcc:

.
,

.

Message-ID:

References:

Subject:

Return-Path:

Received:

MIME-Version:

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"Received:", IP ,
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MIME

Content-type:

Content-TransferEncoding:

US-ASCII,

In-Reply-To:

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1.2.
,
SMTP, . 1.2.

. 1.2.

:
- Mail User Agent (MUA) ,
;
- Mail Transfer Agent (MTA) ,
;
- Local Delivery Agent (LDA) ;
- Message Submission Agent (MSA) .
.
10

MUA , ,

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MUA MUA .

, RF-2822.
MUA ,
, MUA

, .
MUA , ,
, , ,
MUA,
. MUA
, .
MUA SMTP MSA MTA,
.
MUA
, . ,
:
- Post Office Protocol - Version 3 (POP3)
,

3,

RFC-1939,

, ;
- Internet Message Access Protocol (IMAP)
, RFC-3501,
, 3,

, ,
.

11

,
MUA .

: Microsoft Outlook, Netscape Communicator, The


Bat!, Eudora, Elm, Pine .
,
CGI
HTTPS
web-. MUA web-mail.
. 1.3.

. 1.3. web-mail


WWW. MUA , web CGI. MUA
POP3 IMAP
.
web-mail MUA,
,
, ,

web-mail

,
,
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web-mail
12

, Hotmail, Mail.ru, Yahoo,


GMX . Web-mail
,
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1.3.

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3 IMAP.
MUA ,
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IMAP,
.

13

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MUPDATE, , ,


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IMAP, ,
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1.4.
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1.4,
.

. 1.4.

1. , MUA , SMTP
MSA. MSA , MUA
14

.
,
.
2. MSA , ,
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3. .
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, DNS.
, DNS ,
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4.

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5.

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SMTP, LMTP.
6.

LMTP, LDA .
7. LDA .
15

8. 3 IMAP,
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9. .
10. .
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.
1.5. SMTP
Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
(SMTP) MUA
.
. RFC-821 1
1982 . , , SMTP
TCP/IP.

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:

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SMTP
,
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(extensions),
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ESMTP (Extended SMTP).
. HELO,
, EHLO,
ESMTP. ,
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16

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2001 . RFC-821 RFC-2821,
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25.
SMTP .
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1.6. POP3
, 3 Post Office Protocol - Version
3 (POP3) ,
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SMTP ,
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,
17

,
,
.
SMTP
, .
, 3 MUA ,
.
3 .
1984 , 1985
, 1988 ,
, 1991, 1993, 1994 1996 ,
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3 RFC-1939.
POP3
.
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MUA 3.

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3.
IMAP4, 3
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3 ().
3 . 1.5.

18

AUTHORIZATION

TRANSACTION

UPDATE

. 1.5. 3

110.

, ,
(AUTHORIZATION State).
,
.
.
,
(TRANSACTION State).
:
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(UPDATE State).
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19

QUIT. ,
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QUIT,
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ASCII.
.
(status indicator) ,
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512 , CRLF,
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: "+OK"

"-ERR" .

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CRLF.

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.
1.7. IMAP
IMAP (Internet Message Access Protocol)
3:
MUA
. IMAP
, 3:
IMAP
20

.
IMAP
.
IMAP :
.
3, IMAP

.
, , .
RFC-2180.
IMAP ,

. USENET.

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,
.

IMAP,

, IMAP , 3.

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IMAP
,
3, ,
(. RFC-1733). IMAP
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IMAP .
IMAP ,
21

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, , ,
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, IMAP,
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. RFC-2683.
IMAP
, 3
.
IMAP IMAP4rev1 RFC3501.
IMAP TCP 143.
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. 3, IMAP
(states).
. :
(Not Authenticated State):
,
;

(Authenticated

State):

,
;
(Selected State): ;
(Logout State): .
IMAP
. 1.6.
, :
1 - ;
22

2 - ;
3 - ;
4 - ;
5 - SELECT EXAMINE;
6 - CLOSE SELECT
EXAMINE;
7 - LOGOUT .

7
5
7

. 1.6. IMAP

1.8. SSL
SSL (Secure Sockets Layer )

. SSL
Netscape Communications.
SSL 3.0 RFC,
23

TLS.

, TCP/IP,

,
.
,
.
, , .

Netscape

SSL 1.0

. 2.0 1995 ,
, , ,
3.0, 1996 . SSL 3.0
TLS 1.0.
Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) RFC-2246
1999 . Visa, Master Card, American Express
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SSL , SSL-.
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24

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.
.
SSL
HTTPS (Hypertext Transfer Protocol Secure),
.

HTTPS,

SSL TLS,

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HTTPS TCP- 443.
(VPN) SSL

IPsec VPN. ,

VPN. SSL
.
SSL
1. . SSL
.
2. . ,
, SSL,

.

25

3. . SSL ,

.
4. . SSL
CPU,
.
SSL 3 :

( ),

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1.9. TLS
TLS (Transport Layer Security) ,

. TLS- Netscape SSL 3.0
TLS Record Protocol TLS Handshake Protocol.
SSL 3.0 TLS 1.0 ,
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TLS

. ,
.

(PKI), -
,
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26

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.
, TLS, ,

handshake (). handshake

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TLS-:

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;

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;


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27

.
2. .

2.1. Mozilla Thunderbird


Mozilla Thunderbird , ,

. : SMTP, POP3, IMAP, NNTP, RSS.
Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X,
Linux (i386), .
19 2008 Mozilla Foundation
Mozilla Messaging,
, , Mozilla Thunderbird.
Thunderbird 3.0 ( Shredder)
Thunderbird 3.1 Lanikai.
Gecko 1.9.2 . Thunderbird 3.1
24 2010 .

. .

http://ru.www.mozillamessaging.com/ru/thunderbird/ (. 2.1).

28

. 2.1


:
Windows
9.3 mb
35.3 mb
3.1.10
Mac
20.9 mb
35.3 mb
3.1.10
Linux
11.3 mb
35.3 mb
3.1.10
5 10 .
29

Mozilla Thunderbird
Outlook Express.

Windows .
,
, (. 2.2).

. 2.2



POP SMTP (. 2.3).

30

. 2.3

.2.4

Thunderbird, - Mozilla Firefox,

XUL,

Mozilla

Foundation.

,
31

, . Firefox,
Thunderbird .
Windows-
Outlook Express (. 2.4).
Thunderbird ,
HTML,
,
.
Thunderbird . ,
,
. Thunderbird
. ,
, .
, Thunderbird
, .

.
, ,
.
2.2. The Bat!
The Bat!
Windows. RITLabs. The
Bat!
.

www.ritlabs.com (. 2.5).

32

. 2.5

: Home Professional.
Professional ,
S-MIME OpenPGP (
, ),
( ,
) .


(. 2.6).

33

. 2.6

, Professsional (.2.7).

. 2.7

34

The Bat!
,
(), ( , )
.
(
, KAV)
.
The Bat! : SMTP, POP3, IMAP,
, NTLM, RPA, APOP,
MD5-CRAM-HMAC

TLS

).

.
The Bat! ,
, Windows-1251, koi8-r, ISO 8859-5 ..
,
.
The Bat!
(
) ,
.
,
3.99.25 The Bat!

.
( ) .

.

1.0 , , 1997
. , ,
35

HTML Internet Explorer.


Mail Ticker .
1.00 1310, , 1998.
1.32 HTML- Robin. 1.31
THtmlViewer David Baldwin.
2.0 ( 2003) IMAP,
HTML , - ,
Microsoft Office Outlook Outlook Express
3.0 ( 2004)
, ,
MAPI Microsoft Exchange Server
3.95 ( 2006) IPv6.
4.0 ( 2008) ,
, URL- HTML.
The Bat! ,
.
4.1 ( 2008) HTML-,
SOCKS .
.
4.2 ( 2009)
, .
4.2.36 ( 2010)
CPU POP3.
The Bat!

The

:
1.
. 2.8;

36

Bat!,

. 2.8

2. , :
Mail.Ru. .
3. :

: ;

e-mail (. 2.9).

. 2.9

4.
:

POP3;

37

pop.mail.ru, pop.inbox.ru,

pop.list.ru, pop.bk.ru , mail.ru,


inbox.ru, list.ru, bk.ru, ;

SMTP smtp.mail.ru, smtp.inbox.ru, smtp.list.ru,

smtp.bk.ru , mail.ru, inbox.ru,


list.ru, bk.ru, .
SMTP (. 2.10).

. 2.10

5. :


@;

,
, ,
(. 2.11).

38

. 2.11

6. ,
, .

().
7. ,

: . (STARTTLS),
(. 2.12).

. 2.12

39

2.3. Microsoft Outlook 2010


Microsoft Outlook 2010 -
, Web-
. Microsoft Outlook 2010
500 .
. Outlook 2010
,

Outlook 2010
,
.

Outlook

,
Hotmail
Gmail. (The Conversation View) Outlook 2010
,
.
, ,
(. 2.13).
Quick Steps Outlook 2010
, -,
, , ,
, (. 2.14).

40

. 2.13

. 2.14

41


(. 2.15).

. 2.15

Outlook 2010
(. 2.16).

. 2.16

Outlook 2010
Word PowerPoint SmartArt Graphics,
. , Outlook 2010
.
Outlook 2010,
42

, Outlook Web Access


Windows Mobile-.
MailTips
.

-, .

.
Hotmail Gmail (
) Outlook 2010. Microsoft
Exchange Server
Exchange Server .
Outlook 2010
,
.
Outlook 2010 ,
,
. ,

.. Outlook 2010
.

, ,
.

Word PowerPoint. Outlook
2010 ,
, SmartArt,
. , ,
Outlook . Outlook 2010
43

,
, ,
.
,

,
.
,

, ,
.
Outlook 2010 Exchange Server
2010
,
, Outlook Mobile - Outlook.
Microsoft Outlook
Microsoft Outlook,
:
1.
. 2.17;

. 2.17

2. . 2.18;

. 2.18

44

3.
;
4.
;
5. :
, :
;
.
:
POP3;
pop.mail.ru, pop.inbox.ru, pop.list.ru,
pop.bk.ru , mail.ru, inbox.ru,
list.ru, bk.ru, ;
(SMTP) smtp.mail.ru, smtp.inbox.ru,
smtp.list.ru, smtp.bk.ru ,
mail.ru, inbox.ru, list.ru, bk.ru, .
6. :
;
.
7. , ,

(. 2.19).
8. ;
9.
SMTP- .

(. 2.20).

45

. 2.19

.2.20

10. ,
, .

SSL,

TLS - . 2.21;

46

. 2.21

11. , ,
,
.
2.4. Microsoft Outlook for Mac 2011
Microsoft Outlook for Mac 2011
, ,
. Outlook for Mac 2011
Microsoft. Outlook for
Mac 2011
Entourage 2008, Outlook .
Outlook 2011 , .
, .
Microsoft Outlook 2011 Cocoa,
Mac OS X. Outlook
2011 , Entourage 2008.
Outlook 2011 IMAP, POP3 Exchange .

SSL,

. ,
Entourage. Outlook 2011 .
47

Outlook 2011

*.pst

Time Machine QuickLook (


)

(
) - . 2.21.

. 2.21

Outlook 2011 .
,
. , Outlook 2011
.

(. 2.22).

48

. 2.22

Microsoft Outlook 2011 microsoft office for


mac 2011 (. 2.23).

. 2.23

49


, Microsoft Outlook 2011 for Mac,
.
Microsoft Outlook 2011, ""
... (. 2.24).

. 2.24

Exchange (. 2.25).

. 2.25

50

E-mail,

"

", E-mail,
, " "
" " (. 2.26).

. 2.26

.
.
" " ""
(. 2.27).

. 2.27

51


. " "
(. 2.28).

. 2.28

3.

GBD
. 3.1 ,
, , .
3.1

Microsoft
Outlook 2010
windows
Microsoft
Outlook 2011
mac os
The Bat!

Microsoft

http://www.microsoft.com
/ru/

Microsoft

http://www.microsoft.com
/mac/

RITLabs

http://www.ritlabs.com

6999 .
office

7812 .
office

680 . 994 .

52

Mozilla
Thunderbird

Mozilla Foundation

http://www.mozillamessa
ging.com/ru/thunderbird/

Mail.ru

Digital Sky
Technologies

http://www.mail.ru

Microsoft Outlook 2010 windows Microsoft Outlook 2011 mac os


.
Microsoft Office 2010 Microsoft Office 2011 for Mac Os
.
The Bat! .
Home Professional.
Mozilla

Thunderbird

.
. 3.2
,
.
3.2

Microsoft Outlook 2010 windows

118.3mb

Microsoft Outlook 2011 mac os


The Bat!

Mozilla
Thunderbird

14.0.4536.1000

73.8 mb
11.3mb

27.6 mb

4.2.36

windows

9.3 mb

35.3 mb

3.1.10

linux

11.3 mb

39.2mb

3.1.10

Mac

20.9 mb

44.2 mb

3.1.10

53

. 3.3
.
3.3

Microsoft
Windows

Microsoft Outlook 2010


windows

Mac OS X

Linux

Microsoft Outlook 2011


mac os

The Bat!

Mozilla Thunderbird

Mozilla

Thunderbird

. .
. 3.4.
3.4
POP3

IMAP4

SMTP

Microsoft
Outlook 2010
windows
Microsoft Outlook
2011 mac os
The Bat!

Mozilla
Thunderbird

Microsoft Outlook

pop3.
.
54

SSL TLS . 3.5.


Secure POP3

Secure
IMAP4
SSL
TLS

SSL

TLS

Microsoft
Outlook 2010
windows
Microsoft
Outlook 2011
mac os
The Bat!

Mozilla
Thunderbird

Secure SMTP

3.5
Secure
NNTP
SSL
TLS

SSL

TLS


. 3.6.
3.6

HTML
- -
e-mail

UTF-8

PGP

S/MIME

Microsoft
Outlook 2010
windows
Microsoft
Outlook 2011
mac os

The Bat!

Mozilla
Thunderbird

(
Phishing

1.5.0.4)

(
Enigmail)

PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) ,


,
()

55

1991 .
S/MIME (Secure / Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions)
.
S/MIME

( ).
S/MIME.
4. MAIL. RU

Mail.Ru

. 50 .
. Mail.ru Group (.
3.1).

. 3.1

1998 . ,
DataArt,

-,
56

.
,
, .
@mail.ru
.

, , , ,
, . 2007 .
@mail.ru ,
.
2002 . Mail.ru
.
( Dr.Web), ( )
(). 2004 . Mail.ru
SPF
.
2002 .
Mail.ru, ,
mail.ru, inbox.ru, bk.ru, list.ru. 2003 .
,
.
2006 .
, (
Mail.ru Google). 2007
. GoGo.ru. 15 2009 .
, Mail.ru
Google.
2007 . Mail.ru
-, ,
, , , , . 2008
57

. , Mail.ru 30 %
Mamba.ru. 2009 . Mail.ru 100 %
Astrum Online Entertainment,
- .
2010 . Mail.ru
GoGo.ru.
; , ,
Mail.ru, , Mail.ru
, Mail.ru.
. Google AdWords.
- Mail.Ru
,
, 4900 .
Mail.Ru .


2
2

4
5

245

1205

2000 .

Mail.ru

.
58

.
2005 . 30 . 25 .
.
2008 ( )
74,6 . ., 34,3 . .
TNS, 2009 . Mail.ru
. 2009 . Mail.ru
14 . .
15 2001 ., Mail.ru
Port.ru.
28 2011 . 30
, Alexa.com.
mail.ru 27 . .
. - (22,7 . ),
@Mail.Ru (19,8 .) "" (17,3 .).
Mail.Ru - 15 . .
, mail.ru
-:

, :

Mail.ru ,
@mail.ru , @mail.ru,
- @mail.ru;
, - , .

: @mail.ru,

, ,
, . .

59

(@mail.ru

(@mail.ru,

@mail.ru, @mail.ru, @mail.ru, @mail.ru


), @mail.ru
Mail.ru
Mail.Ru


Hi-Tech

WAP

.

.

, .
.

.

60


1. .. , .. , .. .
, 2010.
2. www.pingdom.com
3. www.opds.sut.ru
4. www.3dnews.ru
5. www.ixbt.com
6. www.microsoft.com.ru
7. www.mail.ru
8. www.microsoft.com/mac
9. www.ritlabs.com
10. www.mozillamessaging.com/ru
11. , .. . []. . 2- ., . .
.: -, 2007.
12. . : . . :
, 2001.
13. , :
. 2- . / .. . : , 2004.
14. www.apple.com/ru/macosx

61