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256

ALGEBRA

(Chapter 11)

INVESTIGATION

OPERATIONS WITH INEQUATIONS

As you fill in the tables and answer the questions, remember


that a > b if a is to the right of b on the number line.

WORKSHEET

What to do:
Section 1: Adding or subtracting a positive or negative number
1 Copy and complete the following table where T means true and F means false:
True Inequation
5>1
11 > 7
8 > 3
7 < 4
6 < 5
8>6
9>7
2 > 1
7 < 5

Operation
Working
Simplify T or F
add 3 to both sides
5+3>1+3 8>4
T
add 6 to both sides
add 4 to both sides
add 5 to both sides
add 11 to both sides
subtract 2 from both sides
subtract 4 from both sides
subtract 2 from both sides
subtract 5 from both sides

2 Does adding a number to both sides of an inequation keep the inequation true, or
does it make it false?
3 Does subtracting a number from both sides of an inequation keep the inequation true,
or does it make it false?
4 Copy and complete: Adding to, or subtracting from, both sides of an inequation
.....
Section 2: Multiplying or dividing by a positive or negative number
1 Copy and complete the following table:
True Inequation
5>2
3 < 2
4>3
2 > 5
7>3
4 < 2
2 > 6
5 < 3
6>3
6 > 8
6>3
6 > 8
7 < 14
10 < 5
7 < 14

Operation
multiply by 3
multiply by 4
multiply by (3)
multiply by (4)
multiply by 2
multiply by 3
multiply by (2)
multiply by (4)
divide by 3
divide by 2
divide by (3)
divide by (2)
divide by 7
divide by 5
divide by (7)

Working
53 >23

6
3

>

3
3

Simplify
15 > 6

T or F
T

2 > 1

ALGEBRA

(Chapter 11)

257

2 Does multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequation by a positive number keep


the inequation true, or does it make it false?
3 Does multiplying or dividing both sides of an inequation by a negative number keep
the inequation true, or does it make it false?
4 Write a sentence which describes your discovery about the effect on an inequation
when:
a multiplying or dividing by a positive number
b multiplying or dividing by a negative number.
From the investigation you should have discovered the following facts about operations on
inequations:
Adding or subtracting a positive or negative number keeps the inequation true.
Multiplying or dividing by a positive number keeps the inequation true.
Multiplying or dividing by a negative number makes the inequation false.
This means that we may solve linear inequations in the same way as if they are ordinary linear
equations, carrying out the same operations on both sides of the inequation sign, except, when
we multiply (or divide) by a negative number we need to reverse the inequation sign.

SUMMARY OF RULES
If we swap the LHS and RHS, we reverse the inequation sign.
If we add to or subtract from both sides of an inequation, the
sign is maintained.
If we multiply or divide both sides by:
I a positive number we keep the same inequation sign
The reverse of > is <,
and the reverse of > is 6.
I a negative number we reverse the inequation sign.
So, for example, to solve

Remember to reverse the


sign when dividing by a
negative number!

3x > 18

we need to divide both sides by 3:


)

3x
18
<
3
3
)

freverse inequation signg

x < 6

Example 15

Self Tutor

Solve the following inequations and plot the solutions on separate number lines:

a a4>5
a
)

a4 >5
a4+4 >5+4
) a>9

b 3b 6 9

c 4 2x > 0
Check: If a = 10
then 10 4 = 6
a
and 6 > 5 is true. X