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Date: _______________________

Notes #2 Reflections
A reflection is a transformation which flips the figure over a given line.
This line is called the line of reflection.
Example 1:
ABC is being reflected over the x-axis.
Draw and label the image ABC.
When reflecting over the x-axis
** Remember the x value remains the same
it does not change.
** The y value becomes the opposite of the original
(x,-y) the negative sign in this case just means the opposite

We can use an arrow to describe this reflection.


ABC ABC
What are the coordinates of:
A (1,-3)

A (1,3)

B (3,0)

B (3,0)

C (4,-2)

C(4,2)

Write a general rule for an x-axis reflection:


(x, y) ( x , -y ).

Tell me more about this figure, is it congruent or similar? Explain how you know.
Congruent the shape does not change in size and is the exact same shape
1

Example 2:
ABC is reflected over the y-axis.
Draw the image ABC.
When reflecting over the y-axis
** Remember the y value remains the same
it does not change.
** The x value becomes the opposite of the original
(-x,y) the negative sign in this case just means the opposite

What are the coordinates of:


What are the coordinates of:
A (1,-3)

A (-1,-3)

B (3,0)

B (-3,0)

C (4,-2)

C(-4,-2)

Write a general rule for a y-axis reflection:


(x, y) ( -x , y ).

Example 3:
a) Draw JKL which has coordinates J (0,2), K (3,4), and L (5,1).
b) Draw the image JKL after a reflection of JKL over the x-axis.
c) List the coordinates of JKL.
J

(0, 2)

y
8

J _________

7
6

(3, 4)

K _________

5
4

(5, 1)

L__________

2
1
8

1
1

2
3
4
5
6
7
8

d) Draw the image JKL after a reflection of JKL over the y-axis.
e) List the coordinates of JKL.
J_________

J _________

K_________

K _________

L_________

L__________

f) Describe a different combination of two reflections that would move JKL to JKL.

g) Is this new image congruent or similar to the original figure?

Example 4:
a) Draw ABC which has coordinates A(0,1), B(3,4), and C(5,1).
y

b) Draw the image ABC after a reflection of

8
7

ABC over x = -1.

6
5

c) List the coordinates of ABC.

4
3

(0, 1)

A _________

(3, 4)

B _________

2
1
8

1
1

2
3

(5, 1)

C__________

4
5
6
7
8

Example 5:
a) Draw ABC which has coordinates A(0,1), B(3,4), and C(5,1).
b) Draw the image ABC after a reflection of ABC over y = -2.

y
8
7

c) List the coordinates of ABC.

6
5

(0, 1)

A _________

4
3

(3, 4)

B _________

(5, 1)

C__________

2
1
8

1
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8

Example 6:
Draw the line of reflection which caused rectangle KLMN to reflect onto rectangle KLMN. What is
the equation of the line of reflection?
y
5
4
3
2
1

L
5

K K'
2

1
1

L'
1

2
3
4

N
N'
5

M'

Example 7:
Draw the line of reflection which caused triangle ABC to reflect onto triangle ABC. What is the
equation of the line of reflection?
y
5
4
3
2
1
5

B
A

1
1
2
3
4
5

C
1

A'

C'
B'

Example 8:
Quadrilateral CDEF is plotted on the grid below.
On the graph, draw the reflection of polygon CDEF over the x-axis. Label the image CDEF.

Now create polygon CDEF by translating polygon CDEF three units to the left and up
two units. What will be the coordinates of point C?
Answer ______________
Example 9:
Describe how you could move shape 2 to exactly match shape 2 by using one translation and
one reflection.