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811.

111(075)
81.2 -9
60

60

,
/ . . .
: , 2015. 508, [4] . : . ( ).
ISBN 978-5-17-087774-4
28 ,
, , .
. .
.
, , CD.
,
.
811.111(075)
81.2 -9

ISBN 978-5-17-087774-4

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1 ..............................................................................

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2 ..............................................................................

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,
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3 ..............................................................................

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4 ..............................................................................

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5 ..............................................................................

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6 ..............................................................................

35

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35

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36

7 ..............................................................................

38

.........................................

38

be ................

39

8 ..............................................................................

41

..................................................

41

9 ..............................................................................

45

.....................................

45

10 ...........................................................................
..........................................................
: I live in London ......................................................

49
49
51

11 ...........................................................................

52


.....................................................

...................................
do ................

..................................................

52
53
55
56

12 ...........................................................................

58


.....................

58

13 ...........................................................................
: This is my family ....................................................
........................................
...........
..............................................

14 ...........................................................................
........

15 ...........................................................................
: Renting a Room .....................................................
be
......................................................................

61
61
64
67
71
73
73
77
77
80

be
........................................

82


there ..............................................................................

86

16 ...........................................................................

91

: Tea Party ................................................................

91

some any;
no ..................................

94


little a little; few a few;
many much,
a lot (of), lots (of) plenty (of) ..................................

97

17 ........................................................................... 104
: Getting to the City Centre .................................... 104
...................................... 109
.......................................... 111

......................................................................... 113
,
be ....................... 114
: Going to the Country............................................. 120
................................................. 126

18 ........................................................................... 128
: Buying a Pullover................................................... 128
................................................. 134

.................... 136
.................................................................... 136
........ 146

19 ........................................................................... 151
-
,
.................... 151
: At the Boutique ...................................................... 155
................................................. 162

20 ........................................................................... 165
...................................... 165
, ............................... 166
, ...................................... 168
............................................................ 172
............................................................... 174
: Calling a Doctor ..................................................... 176
.......................................... 182

21 ........................................................................... 185

.................................................... 185

........................ 189
: At the Drugstore .................................................... 193
................................................. 197

................................................................. 201

22 ........................................................................... 205
: Ordering a Meal..................................................... 205
.................................................... 212
....................................... 215
............................ 218
: ............ 221

... 224

23 ........................................................................... 230
: What is the Weather Like? .................................... 230
................................................. 236
.............................................. 237

....................... 239
have
must............................................................................... 244
it ................. 248
either... or... neither... nor...
.............................................. 250

24 ........................................................................... 253
: Going on Vacations ............................................... 253
: Extra Work No Steak ......................................... 261
................................................. 266
.................................................... 267


......................................................... 267

............................. 268

......................................................................... 271

25 ........................................................................... 274
: Going Out Tonight ................................................. 274
................................................. 280
-
,
, ..................................... 281
: Janes Birthday ...................................................... 287
................................................. 293
......................................... 299

........................ 300

26 ........................................................................... 304
...................................... 304

......................... 306
: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary ........................ 309
................................................. 314
........................................................ 315
. ........................... 316
................................ 319

27 ........................................................................... 322
................................. 322

() ...................... 323
: Looking for a New Job.......................................... 327
-- .......................................... 334
......................................... 335
: An Interview............................................................ 338

28 ........................................................................... 345

......................................................... 345
: Letter Writing ......................................................... 350
............................ 357

............................................. 360

............................................. 361
: Going Abroad ......................................................... 363

.................................................. 370

............................................. 379
....................................................... 439
........................ 475
................................................................... 485

?
-,
, , (
, ), .
-, , , ;
( ),
,
.
-,
.
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( 2000), .
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,
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,
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: ,

, .
. , ,
. ,
, . , ,
,
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.


26 , 5 ,
1 20 .


( )
Aa

[]

Gg

[:]

Mm

[]

Ss

[]

Yy

[]

Bb

[:]

Hh

[]

Nn

[]

Tt

[:]

Zz

[]

Cc

[:]

Ii

[]

Oo

[]

Uu

[:]

Dd

[:]

Jj

[]

Pp

[:]

Vv

[:]

Ee

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Kk

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Qq

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Ff

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Ll

[]

Rr

[:]

Ww [ :]
Xx

[]


43 . ( 19) , ,
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14



. ,
, - [:] ( ,
['], ,
[]).
.
.
. . . ,
,
,
.
:
sheep [:]
go
[]

NB:


. , sheep
[:], ship
[]. ,
15

[:]
sheep [] ship.
23. , , :
:
table []
pen
[]

, th .
- [] [] ( ) [] [] ( ),

.
[] [].
:
teeth [:]
this
[]

,
j, g. [], ,
[].
:
Jane []
...




. ,
(
),
, - ,
, , .
, -
.
.

. ( ),
. ...

17

aa

Ee

Ii

Oo

Uu

Yy

[]

[:]

[]

[]

[:]

[]

case

she

line

zone

nude

my

[]

[]

[]

[]

[]

[]

tank

bet

bit

lot

cut

myth

. + r

[:]

[:]

[:]

[:]

[:]

[:]

.+ r

car

her

sir

or

fur

Cyrd

+ .

park

term

third

born

burn

. + r

[]

[]

[]

[:]

[]

[]

+ c.

vary

mere

hire

story

pure

tyre


[:] ee see; ea sea; ie believe; ei receive
[:] a + ss grass; a + st last; a + sk task
a + sp grasp; a + lm calm; ea + r heart
[:] au author; aw saw; oo + r door; aught taught;
ought thought; a+l wall;
a + lk talk; wa + r warm
[] wa want
[:] oo too; ou group
[:] ew new
[] oo book
[:] ea + r learn; wo + r work
[] o son; ou country; oo flood
[] ai rain; ay day; ey they; eigh eight
[] i + gn sign; i + ld child; i + nd blind; igh
night
[] oi oil; oy toy
18

[]
[]
[]
[]
[]

ou out; ow down
oa coat; ow know; o + ll toll; o + ld cold
ea + r near; ee + r engineer
ai + r chair; e + re there; ea + r bear
oo + r poor; our tour

ck
sh
h
tch
th
th
ph
qu
kn
ng
nk

[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]

luck
ship
chip
catch
thick
this
phone
quite
knife
thing
sink

wh + o [] who
wh+ [] what
wr [] writer
,

c [] e, i, y: nice, city, icy
[] : come, catch
g [] e, i, y: large, engine, gym
: get, begin, give
[] : good, go
19


,
. !
:
- -,
: Oops! [:]
: Ouch!
[]
: Oh! []
:
Wow! []

.
20

1
,
:

bank [], park [:], me [:], let [], term


[:], lit [], bird [:], torn [:], my [], tea [:],
bee [:], receive [':], brass [:], blast [:],
task [:], balm [:], august [':], bought [:],
tall [:], war [:], want [], loo [:], stew [:],
look [], world [], blood [], child [], light
[], boil [], coal [], toll [], cheer [],
there [], air [].
, , . .

.
.
2
,
:

buck [], sheep [:], cheese [:], batch [],


thin [], they [], phone [], quiet [], knife
[], thing [], tank [], where [], who [],
nice [], came [], get [], go [].
21

3
,
:

generation [], wedding [], forgotten


[], august [:], opportunity [],
computer [:], subject [], advertisement
[:], vegetable [], certificate
[],
afternoon
[::],
information
[], experience [], morning
[:], anniversary [:], breakfast [], different [], recommend [],
thousand [], knowledge [:], receive
[:].
4
, :

1. I like cheese [ :] .
2. Give me your hand [ : ]
.
3. The weather is fine [ ] .
4. You can drive my car [ :]
.
!



,
. , ,
. , ,
.
(), , .

- ( -).
- .
.

.

23


- , , .
( )
: , ( - ), , (
) -.
, :
I read [ :]. .
. . I read
, .
(,
):
I read a book [ : ]. ;
(
):
I read a red book [ : ]. ;
(, , , ):
I read a red book in the evening [ :
:]. .
24

, (a, the), (in .) ..,



.
:
I read red book evening. (... ... ... ... );
, . :
I read a red book in the evening.
;
, !

I read a red book in the evening


, ,
.
, .
, , , .
(
) ,
, .
,
? ?
26

,
, .
, , .
:
boy

[]

car
city
flat
girl
house
man

[:]
[]
[]
[:]
[]
[]

Moscow
room
street
telephone
television (TV)

[]
[:]
[:]
[]
[
::]
[]

woman

()


.
,
27

.
, ,
( ):


:

[]

we

[:]

you

[:]

(. )

you

[:]

(.
)

he

[:]

she

[:]

[]

., 3-
- they

3
it

[]

5
,
; :

1. woman ....... , 2. car ....... , 3. boy ....... , 4. telephone


....... , 5. television ....... , 6. man ....... , 7. room ....... ,
8. flat ....... , 9. house ....... , 10. city ....... , 11. Moscow
....... , 12. girl ....... , 13. street.
6
:

1. ....... , 2. ....... , 3. ....... , 4. ....... ,


5. ......., 6. .......,
7. ....... , 8. ....... .

.

, (
, !).

. .
29

me

[:]

, ,

us

[]

you

[:]

, , you

him

[]

, , ,

her

[:]

, ,

[]

, ,
, ..

it

them

[:]

[]

(,
,
)
(,
,
)

(, ,
)

7
,
:

1. you (. ) ...... , 2. you (. ) ...... ,


3. I ...... , 4. he ...... , 5. we ...... , 6. they ...... , 7. it ...... ,
8. she ...... .
30

8
,
:

1. him ...... , 2. them ...... , 3. us ...... , 4. you (.


) ...... , 5. her ...... , 6. it ...... , 7. me ...... , 8. you
(. ) ...... .



.
.


, ( ,
). ,
.


do [:] .

.
32

? , , , , , , - .
:
come

[]

drive

[]

(),
( )

go

[]

hate

[]

have

[]

live

[]

love

[]

speak

[:]

watch

[]

, (
):
I live in London. .
[ ]
You have a car. ( ) .
[ :]

33

We live in a city. .
[: ]
I have a flat. ( ) .
[ ]
We watch television. .
[: ]
I speak over the telephone. (over [] ).
[ : ]
I drive the car. .
[ :]
I love television. .
[ ]
We hate the man. () .
[ ]

,
. , , a [],

, the [],
, , ,
:
:
I drive a car. () ,
.
[ :]
I drive the car. () .
[ :]

35

, . ,
in [], , , . over
[] , . to []
.
,
.

9
, .
:

1. I live in the () ....... . 2. We () ....... the


room. 3. () ....... speak over the telephone. 4. I ()
36

....... television. 5. () ....... love the city. 6. We ()


....... in London. 7. You love the () ....... . 8. We
speak over the () ....... . 9. I () ....... a car.
10. I hate the () ....... .

10
,
. :

1. I hate ( .) ....... , 2. I love ( .)


....... , 3. We hate () ....... , 4. You love ( .)
....... , 5. I love () ....... , 6. You love () ....... ,
7. We hate ( .) ....... .



be [:] ,
, ..,
.
:
I am a man. () .
[ ]
She is a woman.
() .
[: ]
She is a girl.
.
[: :]
He is a boy.
.
[ ]
38

It is a car. .
[ :]
am is (
, ) be, ,
,
. be -
,
,

.

be


I

be
am

[]

you

are

[:]

he, she, it

is

[]

we

are

[:]

you

are

[:]

they

are

[:]

be - -, , .
39

NB:
be ,

.
, ,
, .
, -,
, be
.
be -.

11
be . :

1. I ..... a girl. 2. The boy ..... in the city. 3. We ..... in


London. 4. She ..... a woman. 5. The girl ..... in the flat.
6. It ..... in the street. 7. They ..... in the house. 8. He .....
in the car. 9. The telephone ..... in the room. 10. You .....
a man.
12
.
:

1. . 2. . 3. .
4. . 5. . 6. . 7.
. 8. . 9. . 10.
.




be ,
. :
I am Russian. .
[ ]
Russian ,
, ,
.
He is English. .
[ ]
English , ,
,
.

41

:
bad
beautiful

[]
[:]

big
good
ill
nice
red
small
well
white

[]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[:]
[]
[]

()
(),
()

()

NB:
1. , , . , ,
,
:
:
She is well. [: ] .
We are well. [: : ] .
2.
, , , :
42

, It is nice [ ] (: , ) : , ().


( )

13
:

1. It is bad [ ]. 2. We are English [ : ]. 3. She is Russian [ ]. 4. The car is big
[ : ]. 5. She is beautiful [ :].
6. We are ill [ : ]. 7. The boy is good [
]. 8. It is nice [ ]. 9. You are bad [ : ].
10. The man is good [ ].
14
be:

1. I ......., 2. we ....... , 3. he ....... , 4. you ....... (.


) , 5. it ....... , 6. they ......., 7. she ....... , 8. you .......
(. ).

43

15
, :

1. They are () ....... . 2. We () ....... in


London. 3. The car is () ....... . 4. The () ....... is beautiful. 5. The boy () ....... English. 6. The
man is () ........ 7. The () ....... is well.
8. They are () ....... the car. 9. () is in the house.
10. I am in the () ....... .




( ).
, (, ,
..) . , ()
to [] ( ):

speak

to speak

go

to go

drive

to drive

45

NB:
to . to :
. to , .
: love, hate:
I love to drive a car. .
[ :]
I hate to live in the city.
() .
[ ]
, :
like

[]

()

want

[]

need

[:]

prefer

[:]

.:
We like to watch television. .
[ ]
46

I want to go to Moscow.
.
[ ]
I prefer to live in the city.
.
[ : ]
They need to speak to him. .
[ : : ]

16
, , ( , ):

1. I want the car [ :]. 2. I want to drive the


car [ :]. 3. I need a house [ :
]. 4. I need to go [ : ]. 5. I prefer to live
in the house [ : ]. 6. I prefer
him [ : ]. 7. I like the city [ ].
8. I like to speak English [ : ].
9. I hate her [ :]. 10. I hate to speak Russian [
: ].

47

17
, :

1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. .
5. . 6. .
7. . 8. .
9. -. 10. .

10


, ,
, .
:
can [] , ()
-;
must [] ( -
)
may []

NB:
to:
I can speak English. ()
-.
[ : ]
49

10

I must go. .
[ ]
You may come. .
[ ]

18
, , . :

1. We love to live in the city (). 2. I want to


drive the car (, ). 3. You like to
speak Russian (). 4. I need to go ( ).
5. They prefer to live in the house (, ). 6. I want to have a house (). 7. I hate
to drive the car ( ). 8. We like to speak
English (, ). 9. They want to
come (). 10. I hate to speak Russian ( ).
.
, .

50

: I live in London
I live in London [ ']. I have
a flat [ ]. The flat is small [
:]. It is in a big house [ ].
The house is red [ ]. I hate to live in
the city [ ']. I have a big
car [ :]. It is a Mercedes [
:']. The car is white [ : ]. It is
beautiful [ ':]. I like to drive the car
[ :]. I am English [ ']. I can speak English [ : '].
I love to speak English [ : ']!

19
. :

1. . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5.
( ) . 6. . 7. . 8. . 9. . 10.
-. 11. .
12. () . 13. ( ) . 14. . 15. .
16. . 17. .
18. () . 19. .
20. .

11




, .
, ,
( -
, ,
!).
.
,
: ,

, ,
.
:
?
!
52

:
?
.
, -.
-
, .

, , be .



do . do .
do does [].
:
You like to drive a car. .
We prefer to live in a city.
.
53

11

:
Do you like to drive a car?
?
[ :]
Do we prefer to live in a city? ?
[ : ]

NB:
: ,
.

, ,
.

20
,
. :

1. We need a car. 2. I like to drive the car. 3. You live


in the city. 4. I live in London. 5. We like the city. 6. They
hate English. 7. You want to speak Russian. 8. They love it.
9. I have a house. 10. We have a red car.
54

do

do
: 3-
does [].
I

do

[]

you

do

[]

he, she, it

does

[]

we

do

[]

you

do

[]

they

do

[]


do does:
Does she like to drive a car? ?
[ :]
Does he prefer to live in the city? ?
[ : ]

55

11



,
do, . ,
, .

-s (-es), - , :
I go he goes
We like she likes
I come it comes

[ ]
[ ]
[ ]

NB:
1. have
has [].
2. -s (-es) .
, [] [],

[].
,
[].
[],[],[], []:
56

goes
likes
wants
needs
prefers
watches

[]
[]
[]
[:]
[:]
[]

21
,
:

1. We need a car (he). 2. I like to drive the car (she).


3. You prefer to live in the city. 4. They hate English (she).
5. You want to speak Russian (he). 6. They love it (he).
7. I have a house (she). 8. We have a red car (he). 9. I live
in Moscow (it). 10. We watch television (she).

12

yes [] ,
no [] .

. , , ,
.
:
Do we need a car? [ : : :]
: Yes, we do. [ : ]
: Yes, we do. We need a car. [
: : :]

58

Does she like to drive a car? [


:]
: Yes, she does. [ ]
: Yes, she does. She likes to drive
a car. [ :]
:
not [].
Do you prefer to live in the city? [ ':
']
No, you do not (dont). [ ()]
No, you dont prefer to live in the city. [
': ']
Does she hate English? [ ']
No, she does not (doesnt). [
()]
No, she doesnt hate English. [
']

NB:
1. : 3- -s / -es : ,
.
2. 59

12

do not don't
[], doesn't [].

22
( ) . :

1. They want to drive the car. 2. She needs a house.


3. I need to go. 4. He prefers to live in the house. 5. We
like to speak English. 6. I hate to speak Russian. 7. We
love to live in the city. 8. She wants to have the car. 9. He
needs to go. 10. I want to have a house. 11. She hates to
drive the car. 12. We like to speak English. 13. They want
to come.
23
. :

1. ? . 2. ? . 3. ? .
4. ? . 5. ? . 6. ? . 7.
? . 8. ? . 9.
? . 10.
? .

13

.
: This is my family
.
:
Africa

[']

and

[]

Brighton

[]

brother

[]

Canada

[]

Canadian

[]

daughter

[:]

family

[]

father

[:]

from

[]

61

13

husband

[]

mother

[]

name

[]

old

[]

Ottawa

[]

parent

[]

parents

[]

sister

[]

son

[]

USA

[:]

very

[']

wife

[]

work

[:]

young

[]

my

[]

, , ,

your

[:]

(), (),
(), ()

his

[]

( )

her

[]

( )

its

[]

our

[]

, , ,

their

[]

( )
62

: This is my family
this

[]

these

[:]

that

[]

those

[]

there

[]

, :
This is my family [ ]. I have
a husband, a son, and a daughter [ 
:]. My husbands name is Jake [
 ]. My sons name is Johnny, and
my daughters name is Lorna [ 
: :]. We live in London [
]. My father and mother live in Brighton
[ :  ]. My parents are
not very old [  :  ]. They have
a house there [ ]. Their house is very big
[  ]. My brother lives in the USA [
 :]. He is young, and he works
there [ : ]. My sister lives in
Africa [  ]. Her husband is a
Canadian [  ]. He comes from
Ottawa [ ].

13


,

, -
- :
my [] , , , ;
your [:] , , , ;
our [] , , , ..:
My brother is young. ().
[  ]
:
My brother is young. ().
[  ]
My brothers are young.
().
[  : ]
My sister is young. ().
[  ]
64

my

[]

, ,
,

your

[:]

, ,
your
,

his

[]

her

[:]

[]

,
( their

)

3
its

our

[]

, ,
,

[:]

, ,
,

[]

NB:


.
, , ,
.
, her [:], , :
I like her. .
[ ]
65

13

, , .
:
It is her car. .
[ :]
, , .
, -
-, .

24
,
:

1. I ....... , 2. he ....... , 3. we ....... , 4. you (. )


....... , 5. they ....... , 6. she ....... , 7. it ....... , 8. you (.
) ....... .
25
, :

1. . 2. . 3. . 4.
. 5. . 6. . 7. (
) . 8. .

66



parent
: parents .


. :
, , ( , -ch, -s, -ss,
-sh, -x), -s:
book
books

[]
[]

parent
parents

[]
[]


[] []
:
baths
tables

[:]
[]

, -ch, -s, -ss, -sh, -x,


67

13


-es []:
box
boxes

[]
[']

bus
buses

[]
[']

, -y (
), -ies []:
army
armies

[':]
[:]

lady
ladies

[']
[]

, -y (
),
-ys []:
day
days

[]
[]

play
plays

[]
[]

, -,
, -es []:
68

potato

[]

potatoes

[]

, , -, -s []:
photo
photos

[']
[']

video
videos

[']
[']

,
-f (-fe), ,
, -v, -ves []:
knife
knives

[]
[]

, ,
-f,
-s []:
roof
roofs

[:]
[:]

chief
chiefs

[:]
[:]

:
69

13

:
man
men

[]
[]

woman
women

[']
[']

foot
feet

[:]
[:]

tooth
teeth

[:]
[:]

mouse
mice

[]
[]

-en:
child [] children [] (
).
:
advice
[]

clothes
[]

furniture
[:]

goods
[:]

knowledge
[]

luggage
[]

manners
[]

news
[:]

thanks
[]

70

26
.
:

chief, foot, photo, room, girl, father, boy, car, brother,


wife, book, bus, army, lady, day, play, flat, telephone, man,
son, woman, potato, daughter, mother, video, knife, roof,
house, city, sister, tooth, mouse, family, name, husband,
child.


- , .

this

[]

, ,

these

[:]

that

[]

, ,

those

[]

This is a car. .
[ :]
These are cars. (:
).
[: : :]
71

13

That is my friend. (:
)
[ ].
Those are my friends. ()
.
[ : ]

27
, . :

1. () ....... is my family. 2. () ....... is her husband.


3. This is () ....... daughter. 4. () ....... name is
Jake. 5. () boys live in Brighton. 6. () ....... are my
father and mother. 7. () ....... is London. 8. () .......
parents are not very old. 9. () ....... house is in the city.
10. () ....... houses are very big.

14



My son's name is Johnny [
]
, - ( ).


1.
(') -s:
a girl's mother [ : '] ,
the boys father [ ':] .

[],
[], 73

14

,
-s, -z, sh, ch, [].
2.
-s (') :
the girls' mother [ : ']
.
3.

(') -s:
the mens cars [ :]
.
4. , -s, (')
-s:
St. James's Park [ :]
. ,
Charless daughter [: :]
.
5. ,
-s,
(') :
Keats house [: ] .
74

of [],
:
Shakespeare's works
[ :]

the works of Shakespeare


[ ']

28
. :

o:
boy car
boys car
1. girl room, 2. man flat, 3. woman house, 4. husband
car, 5. daughter telephone, 6. family house, 7. son name,
8. wife father, 9. mother tooth, 10. sister children, 11. brother
book, 12. lady photo, 13. child room, 14. chief luggage,
15. men clothes, 16. women teeth, 17. children video,
18. brothers knife, 19. fathers feet, 20. ladies mice.
75

14

29
.
:

1. . 2. .
3. . 4. . 5.
. 6. .
7. . 8. . 9.
. 10. .

30
13.

15

: Renting a Room
,
,
.
:
arm

[:]

armchair

[:]

bath

[:]

bathroom

[:]

bed

[]

breakfast

[]

chair

[]

cook

[]

dinner

[]

;
have dinner

few

[:]

( .)

furniture

[:]

77

15

gas

[]

in front of

[ 
]

kitchen

[]

landlady

[]

little

[]

;
( .)

meal

[:]

much

[]

( .)

near

[]

of course

[ :]

or

[:]

renting

[']

( rent [])
,
()

stove

[]

sure

[]

; !

table

[]

take

[]

TV box

[]

TV set

[]

,
. :

78

: Renting a Room

CD
Jake: Is there much furniture in the room?
Landlady: No, there is very little. There is a bed, a table
and a few chairs.
Jake: Is there a TV box there?
Landlady: Yes, the TV set is near the table. And there
is an armchair in front of it.
Jake: Can I have my dinner there?
Landlady: You can have your breakfast, your lunch and
your dinner in the room or in the kitchen.
Jake: May I cook my meals there in the kitchen?
Landlady: Sure. There is a gas stove there.
Jake: Is there a bath in the flat?
Landlady: Of course.
Jake: OK, I take it.
79

15

: ?
: , . , .
: ?
: , .
.
: ?
: ,
.
: ?
: . .
: ?
: .
: , .

be

be
be
.

:
The TV set is near the table.
.
[ '' ]
80

be

I am in the car. .
[ :]
We are English. .
[ : ]
I can have my dinner there.
.
[  ]
:
Is the TV set near the table?
?
[  ]
Am I in the car? ?
[ :]
Are we English? ?
[: ]
Can I have my dinner there?
?
[  ]

NB:
1.
:
I can
[ ]

81

15

you can
he can
we can
..

[ ]
[ ]
[ ]

2. ( ,
, ,
),
: be
.


be



. yes, ,
, , be , . ,
, ;
:

82

Is the TV set near the table?


Yes, it is. It is near the table
[ ... ].
Am I in the car?
Yes, I am. I am in the car
[ ... :].
Are we English?
Yes, we are. We are English
[ :... :'].
Can I have my dinner there?
Yes, I can. I can have my dinner there
[ ... ' ].


:
Is the TV set near the table?
No, it is not [ ].
It is not near the table
[ ].
Am I in the car?
No, I am not [ ].
I am not in the car [ :].
Are we English?
No, we are not [ : ].
We are not English [ : '].
83

15

Can I have my dinner there?


No, you cannot [ '].
You cannot have your dinner there
[ ' ' ].

NB:
1. be not
, :
You are not You arent [ :];
He is not He isnt [ ] hes not [
];
She is not She isnt [ ] shes not
[ ];
It is not It isnt [ ] its not [
];
We are not We arent [ :];
They are not They arent [ :].
1- ,
I. aren't [:] , , -ain't [].
2. not:
84

must not
mustnt [];
cannot [']
cant [:].
may not :
You may not do it.
[ ]
.

31

o
.
:

1. You may have dinner. 2. My name is Jake. 3. My


daughter's name is Lorna. 4. My parents are young. 5. You
can have it. 6. Her parents are in Brighton. 7. You are in
the house. 8. I am in the city. 9. She may do it. 10. Her
husband and father are in Africa. 11. He is a Canadian.
12. We can come. 13. It is a Mercedes. 14. They are English.
15. They can live there.

15


there
,
( ) ,
there [] be ( there
).
there
be
[]:
There is little furniture in the room.
[ ': ]
.
There are a few chairs, a bed, and a table.
[: : ]
, .
there ( , ).


(there ):
There is a gas stove there.
[ ]
.
86

there

NB:
1.
be (
is are) ,
:

, is
; ,
are:
There is a table and a few chairs in the room.
.
[ : ]
There are a few chairs and a table in the room.
.
[ : ]
2.
, there is,
, -, :
There is a man in the house.
(-) .
[ ]

87

15

, there be, be.


:
There is a bath in the flat.
.
[ : ]
:
Is there a bath in the flat?
?
[ : ]
:
Yes, there is. , .
[ ]
:
No, there isn't. .
[ ]

32
be
. :

1. There ....... a few women in the room. 2. There .......


a telephone in the house. 3. There ....... my brother in the
88

there

bus. 4. There ....... my father and my mother in the kitchen.


5. There ....... a gas stove in the flat. 6. There ....... cars in
front of the house. 7. There ....... a few ladies in the army.
8. There ....... a potato in the box. 9. There ....... a mouse
and a cat in the kitchen. 10. There ....... a few big houses
in the city.

33
, ( ).
:

1. Is there much furniture in the room? 2. Is there


a bed in the room? 3. Are there chairs? 4. Is there a TV box
in the room? 5. Is there an armchair in front of the TV set?
6. Can Jake have his dinner there? 7. Can Jake have his
breakfast and his lunch in the room? 8. May he cook his
meals in the room? 9. Is there a gas stove in the room? 10.
Is there a bath in the flat?

34
.
.

35
. ,
:

89

15

: ?
: .
: ?
: , . , , .
: ?
: .
: ?
: . .
: ?
: . (shower []).
: , .

16

: Tea Party
,
,
.
:
actually

[']

afraid

[']

any

[]

biscuit
drink
here

[]
[]
[]

;
I am afraid
[ ]

, , ,

; Here you are


[ :] ,

jam

[]

jug

[]

91

16

lot

[]

,
;
a lot of [ ],
lots of [ ]

milk

[]

no

[]

; ,
, ,

on

[]

party

[':]

plenty

[']

some

[]

-, -,
-, -

sugar

[]

tea

[:]

teapot

[:]

with

[]

,
. :

CD
Jake: Is there any tea in the tea-pot?
Jane: I am afraid, there is no tea.
Jake: Can you make some?
92

: Tea Party

Jane: Sure... Here you are.


Jake: Thanks! Can I have some biscuits and jam?
Jane: Oh, no! There is very little jam. Do you want
some sugar? Actually, there is a lot of sugar. It is
on the table.
Jake: No, thank you! I dont drink tea with sugar.
Jane: Do you want any milk with your tea? There is
a little in the milk jug.
Jake: Thanks a lot!

: - ?
: , , .
: ?
: . , .
: . ?
: , ! . ? , .
.
: , ! .
: ? .
: !

16

36
:

1. Is there any tea in the tea-pot? 2. Can Jane make


some tea? 3. Can Jake have some biscuits and jam? 4. Is
there much jam? 5. Are there any bisuits? 6. Does Jake
want any sugar? 7. Is there any sugar on the table? 8. Does
Jake drink tea with sugar? 9. Does Jake want any milk with
his tea? 10. Is there any milk in the milk jug?


some any;
no
Is there any tea in the tea-pot...
there is no tea... Can you make some... some any,
no, :
, ,
( ), any [] some [],
; no
, ,
.
94

some any...

, some any there:


Are there any women in the house?
(-) ?
[:   ]
There ar some women in the house.
(
).
[:  ]
some
any : , .
any , , , some, :
Is there any tea in the tea-pot?
( -) ?
[ : ':]
There is some tea in the tea-pot.
( ) .
[ : ':]
There is no tea in the tea-pot.
() .
[ : :]
95

16

() :
There is no tea in the tea-pot.
() .
[ : :]
There isn't any tea in the tea-pot.
() .
[  : :]
some , any
:
Can I have some jam [ ]?
(
) ?
Any man can do it [ ].
( ) .

37
some, any no.
:

1. Are there ....... boys in the room? 2. Yes, there are


....... ladies in the house. 3. No, there is ....... tea on the
96

...

table. 4. Yes, there are ....... videos in the kitchen. 5. Is there


....... tea in the pot? 6. No, there isnt ....... milk in the jug.
7. Yes, there is ....... sugar in the tea. 8. Is there ....... dinner
on the table? 9. No, there is ....... dinner on the table. 10.
Is there ....... milk in the jug?



little a little; few a few;
many much,

a lot (of), lots (of) plenty (of)
( ),
( ) .

.
1.
little [] a little [ ]; few [:] a few
[ :]
:
There is a bed, a table and a few chairs.
, .
[ : ]
97

16

:
There is little jam. .
[ ]
There is a little milk in the milk jug. .
[ ]


Little a little
, few a few
:
():
There is little milk [ ].
There is a little milk [ ].
():
There are a few women [: : ].
There are few women [: : ].
Little few, ,
; a little a few ( , ) .
( ) : , (, ..)
, , , ,
98

...

little few ; (
) ,
(, , -), :
Jake: Can I have some jam, Jane?
, ?
Jane: No, Jake, you can't. There is little jam. , . ( ).
:
Jane: Jake, there is a little jam. Do you want to
have some? , .
? ( )
Jake: Sure. Thanks a lot. ! !
2. many much, a lot (of), lots (of) plenty (of)
many [] much []
:
Are there many women in the house?
?
[:   ]
Is there much tea in the pot?
?
[ : ]
99

16

, , :
Are there many women in the house?
?
[:   ]
No, there aren't many. , .
[ : ]
Is there much tea in the pot?
?
[ : ]
No, there isn't much. , .
[ ]


a lot (of) [ ] , lots (of) [ ] , plenty (of) [ ] , ().
:
There are a lot of (lots of, plenty of) women in
the house. .
:
There is a lot of (plenty of) tea in the pot.
.
100

...

NB:
, . .
,
.
:
Are there any people in the room? ( -) ? (
)
Are there many people in the room? ? ( ,
, ).

,
, ,
.
:
There are some people in the room. (-) ( ),
:
There are a lot of people in the room.
( ).
101

16

38
little / a little few /
a few, , .
:

1. There are () ....... new houses in the city.


2. There are () ....... girls in the house. 3. There
is () ....... furniture in the room. 4. There is ()
....... jam in the jar. 5. There are () ....... children
in the street. 6. There is () ....... milk in the tea.
7. There are () ....... mice in the house. 8. There is
() ....... tea in the cup ([] ). 9. There
is () ....... sugar n the table. 10. There are ()
....... potatoes in the box.
39
many much.
:

1. Are there ....... new houses in the city? 2. Are there


....... girls in the house? 3. Is there ....... furniture in the
room? 4. Is there ....... jam in the jar? 5. Are there .......
children in the street? 6. Is there ....... milk in the tea?
7. Are there ....... mice in the house? 8. Is there ....... tea in
the cup? 9. Is there ....... sugar n the table? 10. Are there
....... potatoes in the box?
40
, :

1. . 2. ?
3. . 4. 102

...

? 5. . 6.
- ? 7. ?
8. . 9.
. 10. . 11. ? 12.
? 13. . 14.
. 15. - ?
16. . 17. .
18. ? 19. ?
20. .
41
.
.

17

: Getting to the City Centre


,
,
.
:
across

[]

ahead

[]

along

[]

at

[]

, ,
(
)

avenue

[':]

behind

[]

building

[]

bus
bus stop

[]

by

[]

,

104

: Getting to the City Centre

cabman

[]

( cab []
. )

central

[]

centre

[]

corner

[:]

drive

[]

get

[]

get off

( ,
)

get on

getting

[]

getting to

( -)

Highgate

[]

how

[]

left

[]

long

[]

off

[]

office

[]

park

[:]

post

[]

post office

,
105

17

right

[]

, ;
,

six

[]

square

[]

stand

[]

stop

[]

straight

[]

taxi

[']

taxi stand

then

[]

turn

[:]

;
()

turn left

turn right

walk

[:]

where

[]

,
:

CD
Jane: How can I get to the city centre, Jake?
Jake: You can walk there.
Jane: Oh, no! I hate it!
106

: Getting to the City Centre

Jake: Then you can get there by bus or by taxi. The


bus stop is across the square.
Jane: How long do I go?
Jake: Six stops. You get on the bus here, and you get
off at Central Park.
Jane: And where is the taxi stand?
Jake: Here it is, behind the corner. It is near the Post
Office building. You drive along Highgate Street,
then turn left, then you turn right. And there is the
city centre, straight ahead of you.
Jane: Thanks, Jake.
Jake: Thank the cabman.

107

17

: ,
?
: .
: ! .
:
. .
: ?
: .
, .
: ?
: , . . -,
, .
, .
: , .
: .

42
:

1. Can Jane walk to the city centre? 2. Can she get


there by bus? 3. Is the bus stop across the square? 4. Is the
taxi stand behind the corner? 5. Is it near the Post Office
building?
108

43
. :

1. How can I get ....... the city centre? 2. You can .......
there. 3. You can ....... there by bus. 4. The bus stop is .......
the square. 5. You get ....... at Central Park. 6. The taxi
stand is ....... the corner. 7. You ....... along Highgate Street.
8. There is the city centre, ....... ahead of you.
44
,
. :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

How can I get to


You can get there by
The bus stop is across
You get off at
You drive along

a) Highgate Street.
b) the square.
c) the city centre, Jake?
d) Central Park.
e) bus or by taxi.



(
, , ),

, ,
.
109

17

, stop
, stop ; stand , stand ; left
, left ;
right , ,
right , .
, , . ,
, ,
, , , .
, , (
) , stop
You must stop here
( ).
stop , , - be
( ) , , ,
, , :
There is a stop there ( ).
You go six stops
stops , ,
-s ( ).
110


:
Drive along Highgate Street...
[   :]
-.
Turn left... [: ] .
Turn right... [: ] .
,

.
,
.

, do
not:
Don't drive along Highgate Street.
[   :]
-.
Don't turn left. [ : ]
.
Don't turn right. [ : ]
.

111

17

NB:
you,
,
(, ,
):
You turn left, and then turn right.
[ : : ]
, .
You go along the street.
[ :]
.

45
, . :

1. . 2. . 3.
. 4. (get) . 5. (take) .
6. . 7. . 8. .

112



, , , , - , ,
.
:
: ?
: ;
: ?
: .

, , ,
.
:
where
[]
when
[]
who
[:]
what
[]
which
[]
whose
[:]
how
[]
113

, ,

17

:
how long [ ] ()
how much (milk, jam...) [ ... ... ]
( )
how many (houses, stops...) [ ... ...
] ( )
how old [ ] (
)
what size [ ] ,
what colour [ ]
( ) ( ,
); , ,
.


, be

:
Do I get off at Central Park? ?
114

...

:
Where do I get off [ ]?
?
( , ,
, ?)
be:
:
Is the bus stop across the square? ?
:
Where is the bus stop? ?
[ ]
( across the square)
:
:
Can I get to the city centre, Jake?
, ?
:
How can I get to the city centre, Jake [
' ']? ( ) ,
?
115

17

:
:
Do I go long? () ?
:
How long do I go [ ]?
( )?

,
,
.
:
You can get to the Post Office by bus. .
:
Can you get to the Post Office by bus?
?
:
Who can get to the Post Office by bus [:
 ]? ?
:
What can you do [ ]? ?
116

...

(?)
Where can you get by bus [
]? ?
(,
?)
How can you get to the Post Office [
]?
?

NB:
1.

, , do
(does);
( -s):
:
Does he walk to the bus stop?
?
Does she come to the party? ?
Does his wife come to the party?
?
:
Who walks to the bus stop [:
]? ?
117

17

Who comes to the party [: :]?


?
Whose wife comes to the party [:
':]? ( )
?
2.
, be, , , is
, , .
:
Who is there in the room? ?
[: :]
There are my father and mother.
.
[: : ]

46

.
. .
.

118

...

:
Jake comes to the taxi stand.
:
Does Jake come to the taxi stand?
:
: Who comes to the taxi stand?
: What does Jake do?
: Where does Jake
come?
1. I get to the city centre by bus. 2. I can walk there.
3. I hate it! 4. The bus stop is across the square. 5. I go
six stops. 6. I get on the bus here. 7. I get off at Central
Park. 8. The taxi stand is behind the corner. 9. It is near
the Post Office building. 10. I drive along Highgate Street.
11. I turn left. 12. There is the city centre straight ahead
of you.
47

:

1. Jake watches television. 2. Jane walks along the street.


3. My father drives the car. 4. My mother lives in Canada.
5. I like English tea. 6. The girl stands near the building.
7. The boy lives in the house. 8. There is a lot of sugar on
the table. 9. There are lots of people in the street. 10. The
TV box is near the table.
119

17

48
. ,
:

?
.
?
.
(by bus, too [:].
?
.
?
. -, , . .
.
!

: Going to the Country


,
,
.
:
about
bridge
country

[]
[]
[]
120

, ,

: Going to the Country

excuse

[:/]

far
Greenford
minute
officer

[:]
[:]
[]
[]

policeman
[:]
rail
[]
railway
[]
round
[]
round the corner
seven
[]
so
[]
suburb
tell
train
twenty
way
welcome
Welcome!

[:]
[]
[]
[]
[]
[]

,
;


; ,

,
,

Please! [:] !
OK [] ! / ! / !
121

17

Excuse me! / (
)
Right! ! / !
Thanks a lot! !
You're welcome! (:
! )
How long does it take me to get to the station?
? (: ?).

,
:

CD
Jake: Officer! Excuse me! Can you tell me the way to
the railway station, please?
Policeman: The railway station?
Jake: Yes. I want to take the train to Greenford.
Policeman: So, you want to go to the country?
Jake: Right!
Policeman: OK. The railway station is in the suburbs,
near the Brighton Bridge.
Jake: Is it far from here?
Policeman: Yes, it is. You can get there by cab or by
bus.
Jake: Which bus do I take?
122

: Going to the Country

Policeman: Take bus seven. The bus stop is round the


corner.
Jake: How long does it take me to get to the station?
Policeman: About twenty minutes.
Jake: Thanks a lot!
Policeman: Youre welcome!

: ! ! ?
: ?
: . .
:
?
: !
: .
, .
: ?
: .
.
: ?
: . .
: ?
: .
: !
: !
123

17

49
:

1. Where does Jake want to go? 2. Where does he want


to take a train to? 3. Where is the railway station? 4. How
can Jake get to the railway station? 5. Which bus must he
take? 6. Where is the bus stop? 7. How long does it take
him to get to the station?
50
. :

1. Can you ....... me the way to the railway station,


please?
2. I want to take the ....... to Greenford.
3. Do you ....... to go to the country?
4. The railway station is in the ....... .
5. Jake can get ....... by cab.
6. The bus stop is ....... the corner.
7. How long does it ....... Jake to get to the station?
8. It takes Jake ....... twenty minutes to get to the
station.
9. Youre ....... !
51
, .
:

124

: Going to the Country

1.
2.
3.
4.

Can you tell me the way to a) the corner.


I want to take
b) the country?
Do you want to go to
c) cab or by bus.
The railway station is in
d) the railway station,
please?
5. You can get there by
e) me to get to the
station?
6. The bus stop is round
f) the suburbs, near
the Brighton
Bridge.
7. How long does it take
g) the train to
Greenford.
52
.
:

1. ? ? 2. . 3.
? 4. . 5.
. 6. ? 7. . 8.
( )? 9.
. 10. ?

17



,
.
, Going to the Country
So, you want to go to the country?
Right!

: You are right! [ : ], ,
, ,
.
,
,
, :
About twenty minutes [  ]
: It takes you about twenty minutes.
, , :
So, you want to go to the country?
.
126

: Going to the Country

, ,

.
, , :
Thanks a lot [ ]! !
You're welcome [ ]! !
How long does it take me to get to the station?
[ ]
?

18

: Buying a Pullover
,
,
.
:
buy
[]

buying
[]
;
choice
[]

different
[]
,
,
fine
[]
,
fit
[]

fitting room [ :]

for
[]

half
[:]

help
[]
;

128

: Buying a Pullover

jeans
kind
maybe

[:]
[]
[]

one
pair
pound
pullover
quite

[]
[]
[]
[]
[]

salesman
see
shirt
T-shirt

[]
[:]
[:]
[::]

show
sixteen
sixty
size
small
too
try
try on
wear
well
wide
with

[]
[:]
[]
[]
[:]
[:]
[]
[ ]
[]
[]
[]
[]
129

, ,
,

()

18

Well ! / ! / !
I am not quite sure [ ]

as well [ ] ,
This way, please [ :] ,
a little too small [ : :]
Here it is [] ,
This one is fine with me [
]
How much is it? [ ]
?

,
:

CD
Jake: Excuse me! Can you help me?
Salesman: Of course! What can I do for you?
Jake: Well, I want a pullover and a T-shirt, and, maybe,
a pair of jeans. Can you show me those?
Salesman: Here we have a wide choice. Lots of
pullovers of different kinds, and T-shirts, as well.
What size do you wear?
Jake: I am not quite sure. Maybe, sixteen.
Salesman: You can try this one on. Here is the fitting
room.
Jake: Where?
130

: Buying a Pullover

Salesman: This way, please...


Salesman: Oh, it fits you OK.
Jake: Oh, no. Im afraid, its a little too small for me.
Have you got a larger size?
Salesman: Here it is. Its sixteen and a half...
Jake: This one is fine with me. How much is it?
Salesman: Well, its sixty pounds.
Jake: OK, I take it. And can I see the jeans, please...

: ! ?
: ! ?
: , , , , . ?
131

18

: .
, .
?
: . , ?
: . .
: ?
: , ...
: , .
: . .
?
: , . .
: ! ?
: ... .
: , .
, ...

53
:

1. What does Jake want to buy? 2. What size does Jake


wear? 3. Where can Jake try the pullover on? 4. Does the
pullover fit Jake? 5. How much is the pullover?

132

: Buying a Pullover

54
. :

1. Can you ....... me? 2. What can I do for ....... ?


3. I want a ....... and a T-shirt. 4. Here we have a .......
choice. 5. They have lots of pullovers of ....... kinds. 6. What
....... do you wear? 7. I am not ....... sure. 8. You can try
this one ....... . 9. Here is the ....... room. 10. Oh, it .......
you OK. 11. Its a little ....... small for me. 12. Have you
....... a larger size? 13. This one is ....... with me. 14. Can I
....... the jeans, please?
55
, .
:

1. Can you help


2. What can
3. I want
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

We have got lots of


What size do
You can try
Its a little
This one

a) too small for me.


b) you wear?
c) a pullover and a T-shirt,
and a pair of jeans.
d) me?
e) is fine with me.
f) I do for you?
g) pullovers of different kinds.
h) this one on.

18


1.
( )
, , ,
, .
,

.. , ,
well [],
: , , , , ... ..
2.
have have got [ ]:
I have a friend in Canada = I have got a friend
in Canada [ '].

:
:
I have got a friend in Canada.

134

: Buying a Pullover

:
Have you got a friend in Canada?
Has he got a friend in Canada?
Yes, I have.
Yes, he has.
No, I havent.
No, he hasnt.
:
Who has got a friend in Canada? (
has).
What have I got?
Where have I got a friend?

56
( : , , ..). :

1. They have got a room in our flat. 2. We have got


a house in this street. 3. I have got a telephone in my car.
4. I have got a TV box in my kitchen. 5. She has got a sister
in the army. 6. You have got a knife on the table. 7. We
135

18

have got some furniture in the dining-room. 8. I have got


some jam on the table. 9. She has got some milk in the jug.
10. We have got plenty of pullovers here.


I can show you my flat you
flat . , , , . ,
, (you), .
.
, .
,
(I can show my flat to you),
to, .

( ,
..) : , , ,
.

, : 136

(.: ),
.
.

(, , ...) (, , ...).
0 12:
zero

[]

one

[]

two

[:]

three

[:]

four

[:]

five

[]

six

[]

seven

[]

eight

[]

nine

[]

ten

[]

10

eleven

[]

11

twelve

[]

12

137

18

NB:
- , , : 7340653 =
seven-three-four-ou-six-five-three.
1 12:
first

[:]

second

[']

third

[:]

fourth

[:]

fifth

[]

sixth

[]

seventh

[]

eighth

[]

ninth

[]

tenth

[]

eleventh

[']

twelfth

[]

57

:

12, 11, 4, 5, 8, 2, 1, 9, 10, 3, 6, 7.


138

13 9.999.999


13 9.999.999
13 19
3 9 ( ) -teen. 13 19
,
:
fifteen [:],

fifteen books [': ].


thirteen

[: :]

13

fourteen

[: :]

14

fifteen

[:]

15

sixteen

[:]

16

seventeen

[:]

17

eighteen

[:]

18

nineteen

[:]

19

, , ( ) 2 9 139

18

-ty. ,
, :
thirty [:]
twenty

[]

20

thirty

[:]

30

forty

[:]

40

fifty

[]

50

sixty

[]

60

seventy

[]

70

eighty

[]

80

ninety

[]

90

, ,
, , , 1 9 , .
:
twenty-one [ ]
:
25 twenty-five [ ]
64 sixty-four [ :]
140

13 9.999.999

78 seventy-eight [ ]
52 fifty-two [ :]

one (two, three,... nine) hundred ()
['].
: two hundred [: '].
C , . , , :
one thousand [ ]
two thousand ...
.....
one million [ ]
two million .

NB:
hundred, thousand, million
-s, 3, 4, ... 9:
There are more than three thousand people
in the square. .
141

18

, ,
:
There are thousands of people in the street.
.
, ,
, ( ),
, ,
and [] :
178 one hundred and seventy eight [ 
 ]
854 eight hundred and fifty four [ 
 :]
913 nine hundred and thirteen [ 
::]
367 three hundred and sixty seven [: 
 ]
1,567 one thousand five hundred and sixty seven
[    ]


13 9.999.999
13 19
-th:
thirteenth [: :]
142

13 9.999.999

20 90 ( )
-th:
twentieth [']
21 99 (
)
-
:
twenty first [ :]
100 900 (
)
-th:
one hundredth [ ']
101 999 (
)
-
:
two hundred and twenty first [: '
' :]
( ,
, ,
and).
143

, ..:
two thousand one hundred and twenty first;
two million two thousand one hundred and twenty
first.

NB:
1. ,
, , , , .., ,
.
,
:
He lives in flat six. .
:
He lives in the sixth flat.
.
2.
:
1954 nineteen fifty four
1675 sixteen seventy five
1713 seventeen thirteen
2000 two thousand
2001 two thousand one, twenty [ou] one, two
double [ou] one, two [ou ou] one
2012 twenty twelve, two [ou] twelve
144

13 9.999.999

3.
- , , :
7340653 = seven-three-four-ou-six-five-three.

58
- .
:

1.
6154; 9074; 54274; 21; 999997; 801; 67; 45; 93; 12; 1;
7350; 78; 984; 100023; 76; 24; 4.
2.
6154; 9074; 54274; 21; 999997; 801; 67; 45; 93; 12; 1;
7350; 78; 984; 100023; 76; 24; 4.

59
- :

1934, 1864, 1590, 2002, 1322, 1863, 1453, 1002, 1402,


1802, 1812, 1603.

18


, ,
:
Jake: Oh, no. Im afraid, its a little too small for
me. Have you got a larger size?

large [:]
: larger [':].
(, ),
,
:
146

...
!!!



( ) -er; -st ( , ,
: ,
, ):

high []

higher []

busy [']

busier []

hard [:]

harder [:]


147

the highest
[ ']

the busiest
[ ']

the hardest
[ ':]

18


, , :
big []

bigger []

the biggest
[ ']

more [:],
the most
[ ]:
interesting
more
interesting
the most
interesting

[]
[:
]
[
]

expensive
more
expensive
the most
expensive

[]
[:]
]
[
]

( )

less [] the least [
:] :
148

high
[]
less high
[ ]
the least high [ : ]

( )
:
good [:]

better []
`

the best
[ ]

bad []

worse [:]

the worst
[ :]

little []

less []

many []

more [:]

much []

more [:]

149

the least
[ :]

the most
[ ]

the most
[ ]

18

60
( ). :

1. cold [] . 2. young [] . 3. old [] . 4. difficult []


. 5. good [] . 6. far [:] .
7. bad [] . 8. beautiful [:] . 9. weak [:] . 10. little [] . 11. easy [:] , . 12. near []
. 13. strong [] . 14. late []
. 15. interesting [] .
16. great [] , . 17. quick []
. 18. important [:] .
19. warm [:] . 20. happy [] .
21. early [:] . 22. deep [:] .
23. large [:] . 24. hot [] .
25. long [] . 26. simple [] . 27. thin [] . 28. much [] .
29. wide [] . 30. small [:] . 31. many [] .
61
.
.

19

-

,

, ,
. ,
.
as ... as [... ] ... , :
Jake is as strong as Mike.
, .
Our city is as small as Pskov.
, .
This river is as beautiful as that one.
, .
151

19

river
one.
is ... than [... ] ... , , .., :

Jake is stronger than Mike.


.
Our city is smaller than Pskov.
.
This river is more beautiful than that one.
, .
152

- ...

river
one.
is the ... (of all [ :]
) , , ( ):
Jake is the strongest boy in our class.
.
Our city is the smallest of all.
.
This river is the most beautiful of all.
.

62
, , . .

:
Mary is (young) ....... than Kate.
Mary is younger than Kate.
1. This work is (difficult) ....... than that one. 2. Room
five is (good) ....... than room six. 3. This girl is (beautiful)
....... than that one. 4. Jake is (strong) ....... than I am.
153

19

5. This house is (large) ....... than my house. 6. This river is


(wide) ....... than the Volga [:]. 7. This street is (long)
....... than that one. 8. This book is (interesting) ....... than
that one. 9. It is (hot) ....... in Italy [':] than it is in
Russia. 10. I am (old) ....... than you are.
63
, , .
:

:
Mary is (young) ....... girl in our class.
Mary is the youngest girl in our class.
1. This house is (bad) ....... of all in the city. 2. I am
(weak) ....... of all in the hospital. 3. This room is (cold)
....... in the house. 4. This sea is (deep) ....... of all. 5. This
version of the computer [:] is (late) ....... . 6. He
is (great) ....... of all the people I know. 7. My house is
(near) ....... to the station. 8. His car is (quick) ....... of all.
9. This country is (warm) ....... . 10. This man is (important)
....... .
64
,
, . :

1. , . 2.
. 3. . 4.
154

: At the Boutique

, . 5.
. 6.
, . 7. .
8. . 9. , . 10. .
11. . 12.
, . 13. . 14. .

65
, . :

A: Is your house larger than my house?


B: No, it is smaller.
A: Is it as small as Jakes?
B: No, I think it is larger than Jakes one. And it is
warmer.
A: Is it as warm as my house?
B: No, my house is much warmer than your house. And
it is more beautiful.
A: Do you think you have the best house in the city?
B: No, I think, Janes house is the best.

: At the Boutique
,
,
.
155

19

:
bet
boutique

[]
[':]

colour
cost
give
great

[']
[]
[]
[]

jacket
let
look
lovely
marvellous
match

[']
[]
[]
[']
[':]
[]

mean
pence
really
shoe
style
try

[:]
[]
[']
[:]
[]
[]

try on

[ ]

, ,

;
,

( )

Look! ! (
: !)
What a lovely pair of shoes it is! !
Those are great! !
156

: At the Boutique

Arent they marvellous? ?


I bet, they are. , (
).
much better ,
How much do they cost? ?
Er... [:] . ...
Let me see. .
take a look ,
,
:

CD
Jane: Look, Jake, what a lovely pair of shoes it is!
Jake: Those are great! I want to try them on. Give them
to me.

19

Jane: Do they fit you?


Jake: Yes, thats my size. They fit me OK.
Jane: Arent they marvellous? I mean the style, and the
colour.
Jake: They are really good. I bet, they are.
Jane: And they match your jeans, and the jacket, as
well.
Jake: They are much better than my old ones.
Jane: We must buy them. Where is the salesman? Er...
Excuse me...
Salesman: What can I do for you?
Jane: Well, we want to buy this pair of shoes. How
much do they cost?
Salesman: Er... let me see. These are two and ninety
nine.
Jake: Do you mean two pounds and ninety nine
pence?
Salesman: Of course not! Two hundred and ninety nine
pounds.
Jake: Pounds?... Well, I am afraid, they are a little too
small for me. Can we take a look at a larger size,
please?
Salesman: Sure...
Jane: And less expensive, as well.

: , , !
: ! .
.
158

: At the Boutique

: ?
: , . .
: ?
.
: . , .
: ,
.
: , .
: . ? ...
...
: ?
: , .
?
: ... . : ... .
: ?
: !
.
: ? , , . , ?
: ...
: .

19

66
:

1. What does Jane see at the boutique? 2. What does


Jake want to try on? 3. Do the shoes fit Jake? 4. What does
Jane say about the shoes style and the colour? 5. What do
the shoes match? 6. Are those shoes better than Jakes old
ones? 7. How much are the shoes? 8. Why does Jake want
to take a look at a larger size?
67
.
:

1. What a ....... pair of shoes it is! 2. I want to .......


them on. 3. Do they ....... you? 4. This shoes are ....... good.
5. This shoes ....... your jeans OK. 6. They are much .......
than my old ones. 7. What ....... I do for you? 8. We want
to buy this ....... of shoes. 9. How much do they .......?
10. Do you mean two ....... and ninety nine pence? 11. This
shoes are a little too....... for me. 12. Can I take a ....... at
a larger size, please?
68
, .
:

1. What a lovely
2. I want to try

a) a look at larger shoes?


b) me OK.
160

: At the Boutique

3. These shoes fit


4. The style, and
the colour are
5. These shoes match
6. They are much
better than
7. We must buy
8. We want
9. These shoes cost
10. Can we take

c) your jeans, and the jacket.


d) pair of shoes it is!
e) these shoes.
f) two hundred and ninety
nine pounds.
g) these shoes on.
h) marvellous.
i) my old ones.
j) to buy this pair of shoes.

69
,
:

1. , , !
2. , . 3.
? 4. , . 5. ? 6.
? 7. .
8. ( ) . 9.
. . 10.
.

19


1.

, , , , , ..
, :
What a lovely pair of shoes it is! !
What a good boy he is!
!
What []
() (), , , , be .
What How. ,
, (be
):
How clever we are! !
How nice she is! !
How fast we go! !
162

: At the Boutique

2.
-
, ..
- ,
, ... ...,
... ...

, -
be :
Aren't they marvellous? ?
Don't you like it?
?
3.
great []
,
, , , ..
,
, : , , ..:
That is great! !
4.

have take, (. ) ,
:
163

19

look
take a look
have a look , go
have a go ..
5.
Er... ,
...,
: [:].
,
, .
6.
r ,
, , r
[]:
pair of jeans [ :]
7.
dont,
doesnt, arent, its []
( it is [ ]).
70
.
.

20


, , , .
,
, , . .
, ..

(, , ) :
on Wednesday [ ']
on the table [ ] ..


:

165

20

, factory [']
on, :
.
: I work at the factory at [], (..:
, , ..).

,

to []
(),
:
Let's go to Moscow. .
[ ]
from []
(), :
Take this book from the table.
.
[ ]
166

I come from Australia. .


[ :]
into [']
:
Come into the office. .
[  ]
out of [ ]
:
Take it out of the table.
.
[ ]
on(to) / onto []
:
He stepped onto the platform.
.
[ :]
through [:]
, :
I was passing through the hall.
.
[ : : :]
167

20

,
at []
(),
, :
I am sitting at the table. .
[  ]
I work at the factory. .
[ : ]
The children are at the lesson.
.
[  : ]
in []
:
The boss is in the office. .
[ ]
The pencils are in the box. .
[  : ]
on []
:
The folder is on the desk. .
[  ]
168

under []
:
The box is under the table.
.
[  ]

across []
:
The bank is across the street.
.
[  :]

above [']
:
There is a lamp above the table.
.
[ ' ]

between [':]
:
Between you and me. .
[: ]
169

20

in front of [ ]
() (), :
There is a telephone in front of him.
.
[  ]
behind []
() (), :
My house is behind the post-office.
( ).
[ ' ']
around [']
:
We sit around the table.
.
[  ]
beyond [:]
:
The city is beyond the mountains.
.
[  : ]
170

over []
, , :
The book costs over five dollars.
.
[  ]
near []
, , :
I am sitting near the window.
.
[  ]
up []
:
Up the river. .
[ ]
down []
:
Down the river. .
[ ]

20


in []
:
in September, in 1997 , 1997

[ ... :  ]
in []
:
in an hour, in two days ,

[ ... : ]
at []
( ):
at 5 oclock, at midnight 5 ,
[ ... ]
on []
( , ):
on Monday, on the 21st of May , 21
[ ...  : ]
172

by []
:
by 5 oclock tomorrow 5-
[ ]
from ... till / from ... to ... [... ] [ :]
... :
from 5 till 6 oclock [ ] ,
from 5 to 6 oclock [ :
] 5- 6-
for [:]
( ):
for an hour
[ ]
during [']
(-):
during the meeting
[ :]
after [':]
(-):
after work
[': :]
173

20

before [:]
(-):
before breakfast .
[: ]

within []
, :
within a year
[ ]


by []
, , :
by the river, by train ,
[ ... ]

with []
, :
with a friend
[ ]
174

without [']
:
I live without you. .
[  ]
for [:]
:
I do it for you. .
[ : :]

71
.
:

1. People are () ....... the city. 2. There is a little tea


() ....... the cup. 3. There are a few mice () ....... the
table. 4. The potatoes are () ....... the box. 5. The
potatoes are () ....... the box. 6. There is some milk ()
....... the jar. 7. There is some sugar () ....... the table.
8. Jane walks () ....... the street. 9. My father drives
the car () ....... the city. 10. My mother goes () .......
Canada. 11. The girl stands () ....... the building.
12. I take sugar () ....... the table. 13. The TV box is ()
....... the table. 14. We have got a house () ....... the park.
15.I have got a telephone () ....... my car.
175

20

: Calling a Doctor
,
,
.
:
ache
ctually
Argyle
call

[]
[']
[':]
[:]

cough

[]

doctor
flu
half
head
headache
hear
hold
home

[']
[:]
[:]
[]
[']
[]
[]
[]

hour
matter

[]
[']

moment

[']
176

,
( )
;

, ,

: Calling a Doctor

out
pity
put

[]
[']
[]

receptionist
road
run
sneeze
temperature
think
through
unwell

[']
[]
[]
[:]
[']
[]
[:]
[']

Hello! ['] ,
unfortunately [:]
at the moment
He's out at the moment. .
Thats a pity. .
Oh! [] !
Hold on a moment. .
OK. , !
put through (.)
Whats the matter? ? /
?
run a high temperature
She must have a flu. , ,
.
177

20
,
:

CD
Jake: Hello! Can I speak to Doctor Morgan, please?
Receptionist: And who is speaking?
Jake: Its Jake Brown, Argyle Road, 118.
Receptionist: Unfortunately, Mr Brown, Doctor Morgan
is out at the moment.
Jake: Thats a pity.
Receptionist: Oh, no. Hold on a moment, please. I think
hes coming. I hear his car.
Jake: Thats great.
Receptionist: ... OK, Mr Brown, Im putting you
through.
178

: Calling a Doctor

Doctor: Hello, Mr Brown. Whats the matter?


Jake: I am calling from home. Actually, my wife is unwell. Shes running a high temperature. Shes
also sneezing and coughing.
Doctor: She must have a flu. Has she got a headache?
Jake: I am afraid, yes, Doctor. Can you come and see
her?
Doctor: OK. I am coming in half an hour...

: ! , ?
: ?
: , -,
.
: , .
: !
: , . , . .
: .
: , .
.
: , . ?
: . , . .
.
179

20

: , . ?
: , , .
?
: . .

72
:

1. Who is Jake speaking to? 2. Where does Jake live?


3. Where is Doctor Morgan at the moment? 4. What does
the receptionist hear? 5. Where is Jake calling from? 6. What
is the matter with Jakes wife? 7. What temperature does
she have? 8. Is she sneezing? 9. Has she got a headache?
10. When is Doctor coming to Argyle Road, 118?

73
. :

1. Can I speak ....... Morgan, please? 2. Who is ....... ?


3. Unfortunately, Doctor Morgan is ....... at the moment.
4. Thats a ....... . 5. Hold on a ......., please. 6. OK, Im
putting you ....... . 7. Whats the ....... ? 8. I am calling from
....... . 9. My wife is ....... . 10. Shes ....... and coughing.
11. Has she got a ....... ? 12. I am coming in ....... an
hour.
180

: Calling a Doctor

74
, .
:

1. Can I speak to
2. Mr Brown,
Doctor Morgan is
3. Hold on
4. Mr Brown, Im putting
5. I am calling
6. Actually, my wife
7. My wife is running
8. Shes also
9. Can you come and
10. I am coming in

a) a high temperature.
b) Doctor Morgan,
please?
c) you through.
d) see her?
e) out at the moment.
f) half an hour...
g) from home.
h) a moment, please.
i) is unwell.
j) sneezing and
coughing.

75
.
:

1. .
2. o? 3. , . 4. ! 5. !
6. . 7. . 8. ? 9. . 10. . 11. ? 12. ,
, . 13. .

181

20


, ,
. , ,
, , ,
,
, ( ,
, ).
, - : , ,
, (
). :
, , ,
?
-
:
I eat oranges. .
[ : ]

.
I am eating oranges. .
[ : ]
182




be
(
I, ing- ), ing
[]. ,
, , . ,
, .

be
,
-:
I am eating
She is eating
We are eating.

NB:
-e,
; , ,
:
love loving []
hate hating []
put putting []
run running []
183

20


:
1. , :
I am speaking to my mother now.
.
[ : :  ]
2. ,
( ,
- ):
She is going to London. .
[  : ]
I am coming in half an hour.
.
[  : ]
:
? .
! , - .

76
.
.

21




be

:
I am calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[ :  :]
You are calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[: : :  :]
He is calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[ :  :]
She is calling Doctor Morgan. .
[: :  :]
185

21

It is living in the country. (


, ) .
[ ' ']
We are calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[: : ': ' ':]
You are calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[: : ': ' ':]
They are calling Doctor Morgan.
.
[ : ': ' ':]

...

, , ( ), :
at the (this) [ '] ,
moment
;
at present [ ']

;
now
[]
.

NB:
1.
, , ,
:
sometimes
usually
often
seldom
always
never
now and then

[']
[']
[]
[']
[']
[']

..

187


(:
)

21

2.
, ,

:
, , ( ) :
Sometimes I go home at nine.
I never come home late.
We are speaking to Doctor Morgan at the
moment.

77
,
, ,
. .
 , . :

1. I live in London with my parents (now). 2. Usually


we speak Russian (at present). 3. She watches TV at home
(now). 4. He always drives his car (at the moment). 5. He
never shows me his house (at present). 6. They seldom
try jeans on (now). 7. Sometimes she wears her jacket (at
188

...

present). 8. I never call him from London (at the moment).


9. You always run to the station (now). 10. She seldon
coughs (at present).
78
.
:

1.
. 2. . 3. . 4.
. 5. . 6.
(
). 7. . 8.
. 9. (
). 10. .




, , , be,

,
(. 15 17
be):

189

21

:
Am I calling Doctor Morgan?
?
Are you calling Doctor Morgan?
?
Is he calling Doctor Morgan? ?
Is she calling Doctor Morgan? ?
Is it living in the country? ( , ) ?
Are we calling Doctor Morgan?
?
Are you calling Doctor Morgan?
?
Are they calling Doctor Morgan?
?

:
Yes, I am.
Yes, you are.
Yes, he is.
Yes, we are.
Yes, they are.
:
No, I am not (I aren't).
No, you are not (you aren't).
No, he is not (he isn't).
190

...

No, we are not (we aren't).


No, they are not (they aren't).

:
I am calling Doctor Morgan now. .
:
Am I calling Doctor Morgan now?
?

:
Who is calling Doctor Morgan now? ?

NB:


be:
Who is speaking to me?
?
:
What am I doing now? ?
:
Who (Whom) am I calling now?
?
191

21

NB:
(now) , ,
.

79
( : , ,
, ). :

1. I am living in London with my parents now. 2. We are


speaking Russian at present ( : language
['] ). 3. She is watching TV at home now.
4. He is driving his car at the moment. 5. He is showing
me his house at present. 6. They are trying jeans on now.
7. She is wearing her jacket at present. 8. I am calling him
from London at the moment. 9. You are running to the
station now. 10. She is coughing at present.

80
. :

1. ? 2. ?
3. ? 4. ?
5. ? 6. 192

: At the Drugstore

? 7. ? 8.
? 9. ?
10. ? 11. ? 12. ? 13.
? 14.
? 15. ? 16.
? 17.
? 18. ? 19.
? 20.
? 21. ?
22. ? 23.
? 24. ? 25. ?

: At the Drugstore
,
,
.
:
aspirin
but
could

[]
[]
[]

couple
drop
drug

[]
[]
[]
193

.
can
,

21

druggist
filled

[']
[]

,
( II fill []
)
nose
[]

nosedrops [']
number
[']

pill
[]
,
prepare
[']
,
prescription ['] ,
problem
[']

right
[]
,
sedative
[']

settle
[]
,

sleep
[:]
;
sorry
[']

well
[]

will
[]

without
[']

have a prescription filled [ '


]
194

: At the Drugstore

have them prepared [ ']


Here are your pills. .
sleeping pills ()
I am sorry (!)
say ...,...
Well have . we will have
have problems with my sleep

,
:

CD
Jake: Excuse me, could I have this prescription
filled?
Druggist: OK. What is it?
Jake: I need some aspirin, and, maybe, some nosedrops. Its for my wife. Shes unwell.
Druggist: Let me see. OK. Here are your pills.
Jake: How much is it?
Druggist: Six twenty... Well, unfortunately, we dont
have these drops in right now. Could you come,
say, in a couple of hours? Well have them prepared for you.
Jake: OK. And could I have some sleeping pills, or,
maybe some sedatives. I have problems with my
sleep.
195

21

Druggist: Sorry, but you cant have those without


a prescription. Or... can you give me your doctors telephone number? I could settle this over
the phone.
Jake: OK. Its Doctor Morgan. His number is
298740221...

: ,
?
: . ?
: , ,
. . .
196

: At the Drugstore

: . .
.
: ?
: ... , ,
.
, , ? .
: . , , - ?
.
: ,
. ...
? .
: . .
298740221...


1.
, can ,
could (
).
.
.:
Can you help me? ?
Could you help me? ?
197

21

Can you tell me the way to Central Park?



?
Could you tell me the way to Central Park?
?
2.
,
, , ,
.
say , :
Could you give me, say, 20 dollars?
, , 20 ?
3.
(, , .),
- .
:
... ... ..

, , , ,
:
( );
198

: At the Drugstore

... (
: ? ...)

have ... done [ ...]
: - (done []
II do ):
I want to have this prescription filled. ,

(: ,
);
I will have these drops prepared. (:
).

81
:

1. What does Jake want to have done? 2. What drugs


does he need? 3. Who does he need it for? 4. How
much are the pills? 5. Does the druggist have nosedrops?
6. What problems does Jake have? 7. Can the druggist give
Jake sedatives? 8. Why? 9. What does the druggist want
Jake to give him? 10. What is doctor Morgans telephone
number?
199

21

82

, . :

1. Could I have this () ....... filled? 2. I want


to have some () ....... . 3. Its for my wife, shes
() ....... . 4. Here are your () ....... .
5. We dont have these () ....... in right now. 6. Could
you come, () ....... , in a couple of hours. 7. I also
want some ( ) ....... pills. 8. I have ()
....... with my sleep. 9. You cant have sedatives () .......
a prescription from the doctor. 10. I think, I could () ....... this matter over the phone.

83
, .
:

1.
2.
3.
4.

ould I have this


I need some aspirin and
Here are
Could you come

a)
b)
c)
d)

5.
6.
7.
8.

Well have them


Could I have
I have problems with
You cant have sedatives

e)
f)
g)
h)

9. I could settle this

over the phone.


in a couple of hours?
prescription filled?
without a prescription.
some nosedrops.
sleeping pills?
your pills.
my sleep.

i) prepared for you.


200

84
. :

1. . 2. .
3. , .
4. , , ? 5.
. 6. ,
, . 7. - ? 8. .
9. . 10. ,
?


,
, , , . , , ,
,
.
, ,
201

21

.
,
.
:

and

[]

or

[:]

but

[]

,
.

:
... I need some aspirin, and, maybe, some
nosedrops...
... Sorry, but you can't have those without
a prescription. Or... can you give me your doctor's
telephone number, and I could settle this over the
phone...

85
, . . :

1. Can I speak to Jake Brown () ....... his wife?


2. I must see Jake Brown () ....... Doctor Morgan.
3. () ....... Doctor Morgan is out at the moment.
4. Could I speak to Doctor Morgan, () ....... is he
out at the moment?
5. My wife is running a high temperature, () ....... shes
also sneezing and coughing.
6. () ....... she hasnt got a headache.
7. Can you come () ....... see her?
8. Excuse me, () ....... you cant have this prescription
filled.
9. I need some aspirin () ....... I dont need
nosedrops.
10. Could you come in a couple of hours ()....... ,
say, in the evening [':] ()?
86
, . :

1. Its Jake Brown, (from; out of) ....... Argyle Road,


118. 2. Doctor Morgan is (out; behind) ....... at the moment.
3. Hold (on; in) ....... a moment, please. 4. Im putting you
(through; beyond) ....... . 5. I am calling (at; from) .......
home. 6. I am coming (on; in) ....... half an hour. 7. I am
203

21

living in London (by; with) ....... my parents now. 8. We


are speaking Russian (without; at) ....... present. 9. She is
watching TV (at; on) home now. 10. He is driving his car
(through; at) ....... the moment. 11. They are trying jeans
(on; within) ....... now. 12. I am calling him (over; from)
....... London at the moment. 13. You are running (in; to)
....... the station now. 14. At present I am speaking (in; to)
....... Mr Brown. 15. At the moment they are looking (at;
without) ....... us. 16. We are thinking (out of; about) .......
you now. 17. These drops are (in; for) ....... my wife. 18. We
dont have these drops (up; in) ....... right now. 19. Could
you come, say, (without; in) ....... a couple of hours? 20. You
cant have those (without; at) ....... a prescription.
87
.
.

22

: Ordering a Meal
,
,
.
:
allergic

[:]

as
bowl

[]
[]

carrot
chips

[]
[]

course

[:]

cucumber
fish
food
healthy

[:]
[]
[:]
[]
205

,
; .

22

made

[]

main

[]

make

[]

meat
menu
mind

[:]
[:]
[]

onion
only
order

[]
[]
[:]

pure

[]

salad
salmon
sea
so
start
steak
surely

[]
[]
[:]
[]
[:]
[]
[]

tomato
unhealthy

[:]
[]

206

,
( make []
, )
,

, ;

;
,
,

( healthy
[]
)

: Ordering a Meal

vegetable
vegetarian
waiter
wonder

yet

[]

[] ;

[]

[]
,

[]
,

Have you made up your mind?


(: ?)
Not yet. .
four in a boul ,
I wonder () ( )
Of course not! , !
on the menu
Surely not! , !
Come on! : ! / ! / !
I could do with... ...
As for me... ...
come over (: ,
)

207

22
,
:

CD
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

What do you want, Jane? Have you made up


your mind?
Oh, no. Not yet... I think I could start with
a salad.
Vegetable salad?
Yes, four in a bowl. Only, I wonder, what they
have put there.
Let me see. Its on the menu... Cucumber, tomatoes, carrots and onion.
Thats great! I love pure food.
208

: Ordering a Meal

Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

And what do you want for the main course?


Meat?
Of course not! Meat is so unhealthy!
Youre not a vegetarian, are you?
Surely not. But I hate meat. I love fish.
Youre not allergic to seafood, are you?
Come on! You know I am not! I think I could do
with some salmon and chips.
O.K. As for me, I prefer a good steak with vegetables. Now, I can call the waiter... Waiter!
Could you come over here, please?...


: , ? ?
: . ... , .
: ?
: , . , .
: - . . , , .
: ! .
: ?
?
: , ! !
: , ?
: , . .
.
209

22

: , ?
: ! , . ,

.
: . , . ,
... ! , ?

88
:

1. Has Jane made up her mind? 2. What could she


start with? 3. What have they put into the vegetable salad?
4. What food does Jane love? 5. What does Jane take for
the first course? 6. Does she like meat? Why? 7. Is Jane
a vegetarian? 8. What food does she like to have for the
main course? 9. Is she allergic to seafood? 10. What fish
does she have? 11. What main course does Jake order?
12. Who does he call?
89
, .
:

1. Have you made up your () ....... ? 2.I think I could


() ....... with a salad. 3. I () ....... , what
210

: Ordering a Meal

they have put there. 4. Its on the () ....... . 5. () ....... , tomatoes, () ....... and onion. 6. I love
() ....... food. 7. What do you take for the ()
....... course? 8. Meat is () ....... unhealthy! 9. Are
you a () ....... ? 10. Jane () .......
meat. 11. Jane is ( ) ....... to seafood.
12. I think I could do with some () ....... and chips.
13. Now, I can call the () ....... . 14. Waiter! Could
you come over here, () ....... ?
90
,
.
:

1. Have you made up


2. I think I could start with
3. They have put there
4. I love
5. What do you take for
6. Meat is
7. I prefer a good
8. Now, I can call

a)
b)
c)
d)
e)
f)

the main course?


steak with vegetables.
a salad.
your mind?
so unhealthy!
cucumber, tomatoes,
carrots and onion.
g) the waiter.
h) pure food.

91
:

1. ? 2. ? 3. . 4. , .
5. . 6.
. 7. ?
211

22

8. ! 9. .
10. . 11.
. 12. !
?
92
.
.


(
) , : , ,
,
-. ,
,
() ,
,
.

:
, ? , . (, .)
, ? , . (, .)
212


,
. ,
, . :
-,
:
You're a vegetarian, aren't you? , ?
You're not allergic to seafood, are you?
,
?
,

yes,
no.
You're a vegetarian, aren't you? Yes, I am.
(, ) No, I am not (, ).
(
):
, ? , .


:
213

22

You take fish, don't you?


( , do);
We have made up our minds, haven't we?
( have,
);
Our parents could start with meat, couldn't
they?
( , , they,
);
My wife wants a vegetable salad, doesn't
she?
( , do, , my wife);
We aren't vegetarians, are we?
( - ,
).

93
,
.
:

1. You cant have sedatives without a prescription.


2. I could settle this over the phone. 3. We dont have these
drops in right now. 4. I couldnt come in an hour. 5. We
have them prepared for you. 6. I need nose drops, and,
maybe, some aspirin. 7. She could have some sedatives.
8. I dont want your pills. 9. I have problems with my sleep.
10. They could have this prescription filled. 11. I am living
in London with my parents now. 12. We speak Russian.
13. She is watching TV at home now. 14. He drives his car.
15. He must show me his house. 16. They can try these
jeans on. 17. She is wearing her jacket at present. 18. I call
him from London now and then. 19. You run to the station.
20. She is coughing at present.


: Have you made
up your mind? ( ?),
,
, , , .
: I wonder, what they
have put there (, 215

22

), , ,
.
, ,
, ,
( ).
have
[] ,
( II), -ed:
cook [] (); cooked []
()
I have cooked the meal. .
You have cooked the meal.
.
He has cooked the meal. .
She has cooked the meal.
.
We have cooked the meal.
.
They have cooked the meal.
.
216

, be:
I have never been there.
.
(been [:] be)

.

NB:
,
:
I have cooked the meal. :
.

( ),
,
.
, , :
just
[]

recently [':]
lately
[']

yet
[]
(
),
(
)
already [']
(
)
217

22

NB:
yet , , ( ) ;
already (
have):
Have you done it yet? ?
I have not done it yet. .
I have already done it. .
already :
What cities have you already been to?
?
II . : (, ), ( )
( ).


( ) (
).
218

-ed
:
live

lived

lived

cook

cooked

cooked

call

called

called

NB:
-ed
( d) []:
lived []
informed [':]
( t) []:
helped []
asked [:]
d t []
waited []
decided []
219

22


:
, -, -ed :
hope hoped hoped

, -y
, -y -i:
try tried tried

,
, :
stop stopped stopped


r,
, :
refer referred referred

, ,
220

, :
develop developed developed

l, l
( ):
travel travelled travelled


.
:

3
( 2)

be

[:]

was/
were

[ /
:]

been

[:]

break

[]

broke

[]

broken

[]

begin

[]

began

[]

begun

[]

bring

[]

brought

[:]

brought

[:]

buy

[]

bought

[:]

bought

[:]

can

[]

could

[]

cost

[]

cost

[]

cost

[]

come

[]

came

[]

come

[]

221

22

3
( 2)

deal

[:]

dealt

[]

dealt

[]

do

[:]

did

[]

done

[]

drink

[]

drank

[]

drunk

[]

eat

[:]

ate

[]

eaten

[:]

fall

[:]

fell

[]

fallen

[]

feel

[:]

felt

[]

felt

[]

find

[]

found

[]

found

[]

get

[]

got

[]

got

[]

give

[]

gave

[]

given

[]

go

[]

went

[]

gone

[]

have

[]

had

[]

had

[]

hear

[]

heard

[:]

heard

[:]

hurt

[:]

hurt

[:]

hurt

[:]

know

[]

knew

[:]

known

[]

learn

[:]

learnt

[:]

learnt

[:]

leave

[:]

left

[]

left

[]

lose

[:]

lost

[]

lost

[]

let

[]

let

[]

let

[]

lie

[]

lay

[]

lain

[]

make

[]

made

[]

made

[]

222

3
( 2)

meet

[:]

met

[]

met

[]

pay

[]

paid

[]

paid

[]

put

[]

put

[]

put

[]

read

[:]

read

[]

read

[]

run

[]

ran

[]

run

[]

see

[:]

saw

[:]

seen

[:]

send

[]

sent

[]

sent

[]

shine

[]

shone

[]

shone

[]

show

[]

showed

[]

shown

[]

sit

[]

sat

[]

sat

[]

speak

[:]

spoke

[]

spoken

[]

swim

[]

swam

[]

swum

[]

take

[]

took

[]

taken

[]

teach

[:]

taught

[:]

taught

[:]

tell

[]

told

[]

told

[]

think

[]

thought

[:]

thought

[:]

understand

[']

understood

[]

understood

[']

win

[]

won

[]

won

[]

write

[]

wrote

[]

written

[]

223

22

94
.





have (has 3 . )
:
Have I cooked the meal? ?
Has he cooked the meal? ?
Yes have:
Yes, I have. , .
Yes, she has. , .

No
224


have :
No, I have not (I haven't). , .
No, she has not (she hasnt). , .

(
)
, .
:
I have spoken to Mr Brown over the telephone.
( )
.
:
Have I spoken to Mr Brown over the telephone?
?

:
Who has spoken to Mr Brown over the
telephone?
?
225

22

NB:
, ,
, , have
has.
:
What have I done? ?
:
Who have I spoken over the telephone to?
?

NB:
speak to
(
, ),
. , ,
, ,
.
:
How have I spoken to Mr Brown? ?
226

95
have
. :

1. I ....... spoken to Doctor Morgan. 2. Doctor Morgan


....... gone out at the moment. 3. We ....... heard his car.
4. She ....... put me through. 5. They ....... called me from
home. 6. My wife ....... got a headache. 7. The doctor
....... come to see her. 8. I ....... had this prescription filled.
9. My wife ....... bought some aspirin. 10. They ....... brought
some nosedrops for you.
96
,

already yet.
.
:

1. I have already given you your pills. 2. They have


bought these drops right now. 3. Mary has just come.
4. They have prepared them for you. 5. We have bought some
sleeping pills. 6. Jake has had problems with his sleep. 7. The
doctor has already given me those without a prescription.
8. I have just given you your doctor's telephone number.
9. She has already settled this over the phone. 10. Doctor
Morgan has just called me.
97
, , -

227

22
, , .
:

1. Jane has already made up her mind. 2. We have


started with a salad. 3. They have put there cucumber
and tomatoes. 4. We have taken fish for the main course.
5. I have been a vegetarian recently. 6. Jane has eaten
a lot of meat. 7. They have ordered some salmon and chips.
8. We have preferred a good steak with vegetables. 9. She
has called the waiter. 10. The waiter has come over here.
98
, . :

1. .
2. . 3.
. 4. . 5.
,
. 6. . 7. ? 8. . 9.
. 10. ? 11. ? 12.
? 13. ?
14. ? 15.
?
99
,
. :

1. I think I could start (in; with) ....... a salad. 2. And


what do you want (by; for) ....... the main course? 3. Youre
228

allergic (to; in) ....... seafood, arent you? 4. I could do


(at; with) ....... some salmon and chips. 5. I prefer a good
steak (behind; with) ....... vegetables. 6. Could you come
(near; over) ....... here, please? 7. You cant have sedatives
(in; without) ....... a prescription. 8. What sizes have we
already taken a look (on; at) ....... ? 9. She has got there
(with; by) ....... cab. 10. I couldnt come (before; in) .......
an hour. 11. We have them prepared (until; for) ....... you.
12. I have problems (beyond; with) ....... my sleep. 13. I am
living in London (over; with) ....... my parents now. 14. She
is watching TV (under; at) ....... home now. 15. They can
try these jeans (behind; on) ....... . 16. She is wearing her
jacket (without; at) ....... present. 17. I call him (to; from)
....... London now and then. 18. You run (on; to) ....... the
station. 19. She is coughing (by; at) ....... present. 20. Have
you made (through; up) ....... your mind?

23

: What is the Weather Like?


,
,
.
:
coat
either

[]
[]

forecast
God
last

[::]
[]
[:]

like
listen
mistake
rain

[]
[]
[]
[]

raincoat
restaurant

[]
[]
230

; ,
,

; ,

;
( )

: What is the Weather Like?

snow

[]

stay
substantial
such
umbrella
was

[]
[]
[]
[]
[]

weather
wet

[]
[]

;
( )

(
be)

What is the weather like? ? (: ?)


it is (it was) going to rain ()
weather forecast
had to take
get wet through
Lets... ...
Not me! !
get a taxi

23
,
:

CD
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

Jane:

Oh, God! You havent taken your umbrella,


have you? It is raining.
It was OK when we got to the restaurant.
I know it was OK. Did you listen to the weather
forecast?
Yes, I did. But they didnt say anything about
the rain. They said it was going to snow. They
made a mistake.
It was you who made a mistake! You had to take
something. Either an umbrella or a raincoat.
I am going to get wet through.
232

: What is the Weather Like?

Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

No! There is a taxi stand over there. Lets run


there and get a taxi.
Run? Not me. I cannot run after such
a substantial meal.
All right. Stay here, and I am going to get
a taxi for you. The rain cannot last too long.

: ! , ?
.
: ,
.
: , .
?
: , .
. ,
. .
: , .
-. , .
.
: ! .
.
: ? . .
: . ,
.
.

233

23

100
:

1. Has Jake taken his umbrella? 2. What was the weather


like? 3. What was the weather like when Jake and Jane got
to the restaurant? 4. Did Jake listen to the weather forecast?
5. What did the weather forecast say? 6. What did they say
it was going to be (rain or snow)? 7. Who made a mistake?
8. What did Jake have to take? 9. Who is going to get wet
through? 10. Was there a taxi stand near the restaurant?
11. Who could not run after a substantial meal? 12. What
was Jake going to get?

101
. :

1. Oh, (!) .......! 2. I havent taken my ()


....... . 3. It is ( ) ....... . 4. I didnt listen to the
() ....... forecast. 5. But they didnt say (-)
....... about the rain. 6. They said it was () .......
to snow. 7. Ive made a () ....... . 8. You had to take
() ....... an umbrella or a raincoat. 9. Jane is going
to get wet () ....... . 10. () ....... run there
and get a taxi. 11. Jane could not () ....... after such
a substantial meal. 12. Jake was going to () .......
a taxi for Jane.

234

: What is the Weather Like?

102
, .
:

1. You havent taken


2. It was OK when
we got to
3. Did you listen to
4. But they didnt say
5. They made
6. There is a taxi
7. I cannot run after
8. I am going to get

a) such a substantial meal.


b) the weather forecast?
c)
d)
e)
f)
g)
h)

a mistake.
your umbrella, have you?
a taxi for you.
the restaurant.
stand over there.
anything about the rain.

103
.
:

1. ? 2. ,
. 3. .
4. ? 5. . 6. , .
7. , ! 8. .

104
.
.

235

23


1.
Let's get a taxi ,
, let us [ ] (: ), ,
- ,
:
Let's go home! !
Lets do it! !
Let's run for a taxi! !
2.
, , ,


be
I go:
I am going to the park. ;
[  :]
She is going to see her father. ;
[  : :]
They were going to the country. ;
[  ]
236

He was going to visit his mother. .


[  ]
, to, (
to).

NB:
to go.


, , ,

. .


,
-ed, 237

23

(. 22).
:
We wanted to go there by train.
.
He wanted to stay at home.
.
Jake bought some meat in the shop.
.
to be
:
I was []
you were [:]
he (she, it) was []
we were [:]
you were [:]
they were [:]
I was there in 1995. 1995 .
Jane was in the country yesterday.
.
We were at home when Jake came.
, .
,
, , ,
:
238

yesterday
the day before
yesterday
last week
last month
last year
a week ago
a year ago
when Jake
came

[]

[ ':
]
[: :]

[: ]

[: ]

[ : ]

[ ]

[




,
:

:
I made a mistake yesterday!
You made a mistake yesterday!
He made a mistake yesterday!
They made a mistake yesterday!
239

23

:
Did I make a mistake yesterday? No,
I didn't.
Did you make a mistake yesterday? No, you
didn't.
Did he make a mistake yesterday? No, he
didn't.
Did they make a mistake yesterday? No, they
didn't.

NB:
1.
did.
2. did
.
3.
-s
(-es).

:
Who made a mistake yesterday?
240

NB:
,
,
, , . .
:
What did you do yesterday?
:
What did he make yesterday?
:
When did they make a mistake?

:
They made a mistake yesterday, didn't they?


be
b e:
Jane was in the country yesterday.
Jane and Jake were in the country yesterday.
241

23

:
Was Jane in the country yesterday? No, she
wasn't.
Were Jane and Jake in the country yesterday?
No, they weren't.

:
Who was in the country yesterday?

NB:
, be
was.
:
Where were Jane and Jake yesterday?
:
When was Jane in the country?
:
Jane was in the country yesterday, wasnt
she?
Jane and Jake were in the country yesterday,
werent they?
242





can may
:
can could [] ;
may might [] (
)

,
.

, .
:
I could take my umbrella yesterday.

:
Could I take my umbrella yesterday? No,
I couldn't.

:
Who could take my umbrella yesterday?
243

23

:
What could I do yesterday?
:
What could I take yesterday?
:
When could I take my umbrella?

:
I could take my umbrella yesterday, couldn't I?

have
must
must ,
can may,
, , . have
, . have
,
:
I have to go there. ()
;
I had to go there. ()
.
244

have must


have
,
.

:
Do I have to go there? No, I don't.
Does he have to go there? No, he doesn't.
Do we have to go there? No, we don't.
Did I have to go there? No, I didn't.
Did he have to go there? No, he didn't.
Did we have to go there? No, we didn't.
:
Who has to go there?
What do I have to do?
Where do I have to go?
Who had to go there?
What did I have to do?
Where did I have to go?
:
I have to go there, don't I?
He has to go there, doesn't he?
We have to go there, don't we?
I had to go there, didn't I?
He had to go there, didn't he?
We had to go there, didn't we?
245

23

105

. :

1. This was my family. 2. I had a father and a mother.


3. My family lived in Brighton. 4. My daughter could
read English. 5. There was little furniture in the room.
6. There was an armchair and a table in front of the TV box.
7. I could have some biscuits and jam. 8. Jake wanted some
sugar. 9. We liked to drink tea with sugar. 10. Jane wanted
to have some milk with her tea. 11. There was a little milk
in the milk jug. 12. Jake got on the bus at the bus stop.
13. He might get off the bus at Central Park. 14. The city
centre was behind the corner. 15. I left my parents near the
Post Office building.

106
: ,
, , , . :

1. We drove along Highgate Street. 2. Jake turned left


at Central Park. 3. The city centre was straight ahead of
me. 4. Her parents lived in Brighton. 5. We had a house in
the country. 6. I worked there from five to nine. 7. I could
have my dinner at the restaurant in the evening. 8. She
could have her breakfast in the room or in the kitchen.
9. Jane might cook her meals there. 10. There was a gas
246

have must

stove there. 11. There was some tea in the tea-pot. 12. We
could get to the city centre by bus.
107
. :

1. He couldnt tell me the way to the railway station.


2. We wanted to take the train to Greenford. 3. You didnt
want to go to the country. 4. The railway station was in the
suburbs. 5. We were near the Brighton Bridge. 6. They could
get there by cab or by bus. 7. The bus stop was round the
corner. 8. It took me an hour to get to the station. 9. The
city centre was straight ahead of me. 10. Her parents lived
in London.
108
.
:

1. -. 2. . 3.
. 4. .
5. ? 6.
? 7.
. 8. . 9.
. 10.
. 11.
. 12. , ?
13. , ? 14.
. 15. 247

23

, ? 16.
, .


it
it []
,
:
...
...
? ? .
,
( ), it:
It is evening [ ':] (:
).
It is getting colder [ ' '] (: ).
, ,
:
248

it

It's morning.

[ ':]

Its afternoon. [ :':] . (: )


Its noon.

[ :]

Its night.

[ ]

().

Its midnight.

[ ']

Its autumn.

[ ':]

It's winter.

[ ']

Its spring.

[ ]

Its summer.

[ ']

It rains.

[ ]

It snows.

[ ]

NB:

( ); ,
, , :
It rains (: );
It snows (: ).
, :
249

23

It rains in autumn. .
It snows in winter. .
It rained yesterday. .
It snowed the day before yesterday. .
,
:
It is raining now. .
It was snowing at five yesterday.
.
it there (there
is... there are...).

( ,... ,... ...), :
It's raining ;
There is rain outside [ '].
.

250


either... or... neither... nor...

,
, , either... or... [...
:] ... ...::
Either an umbrella or a raincoat [
 : ] , .

neither... nor [... :] ... ...:
I have neither an umbrella nor a raincoat [
  : ]
, .

NB:
neither... nor , :
, ,
, no, not.
:
, .
251

23

109
, . :

1. , . 2.
, . 3.
, . 4.
, . 5.
, ?
6. , .
7. , . 8. , .
9. , . 10. , .

24

: Going on Vacations
,
,
.
:
above
agent
business

[']
[']
[']

capital
even
fine

[']
[:]
[]

France
heat
June
month
North
Paris

[:]
[:]
[:]
[]
[:]
[']
253

, ;

24

pole
rather

[]
[':]

, ,
rest
[]
;
return
[':]
;

Russia
[']

Siberia
[']
Spain
[]

sun
[]

sunny
[']

then
[]

travel
[]

trip
[]
,

vacations
['] ,
weatherman [']
.:
week
[:]

zero
[']

take a good rest


As far as I know
Really? ?
dream about going ()
travelling agent

254

: Going on Vacations
,
:

CD
Jake:

Jane:

Jake:

Jane:
Jake:

Look, Jane! Weve got a couple of weeks this


month to take a good rest. Lets go somewhere,
say, to France. Have you been to Paris?
No, I havent. But the weatherman said over
TV yesterday its raining in Paris now. I hate
rain!
Lets go to Spain then. The weather is fine
there. Sunny, no rain, and the temperature is
about thirty above zero.
I hate the heat, as well.
Where could we go then?
255

24

Jane:

Jake:

Jane:

My brother Mike has just returned from


a business trip to Russia. He said the weather
was rather good in Moscow, and no rain.
Not Russia! As far as I know, there is too much
snow in Russia, even in June. Moscow is the
capital of Siberia, isnt it? And Siberia is in the
North Pole.
Really? I havent heard about that. Thats great!
I have always dreamt about going to the North
Pole. Lets go there. Please, call your travelling
agent!

: , !
, . -, , .
?
: , . ,
,
. !
: . . , ,
.
: .
: ?
:
. ,
,
.
256

: Going on Vacations

: ! , .
. , ?
.
: ? .
!
. . , !

110
:

1. How many weeks have Jane and Jake to take


a good rest? 2. Where does Jake want to go? 3. What did
the weatherman say about the weather in Paris? 4. What is
the weather like in Spain? 5. What is the temperature in
Spain? 6. Where did Mike return from? 7. What city is the
capital of Siberia? 8. Where is Siberia? 9. What has Jane
dreamt about? 10. Where does Jane want to go?
111
, . :

1. Weve got a () ....... of weeks this month to take


a good rest. 2. Have you () ....... to Paris? 3. But the
() ....... said its raining in Paris. 4. () .......
257

24

go to Spain then. 5. The weather is () ....... there.


6. The () ....... is about thirty above zero.
7. Mike has just () ....... from Russia. 8. The
weather was () ....... good in Moscow. 9. As far
as I () ....... , there is snow in Russia. 10. Moscow is
the () ....... of Siberia.
112
, .
:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.

Weve got a couple of


Have you been to
The weather is
The temperature is
Mike has just
returned from
The weather was
Moscow is
Siberia is
I have always dreamt
about

a) rather good in Moscow.


b) in the North Pole.
c) fine there.
d) going to the North Pole.
e) weeks this month to take
a good rest.
f) the capital of Siberia.
g) Paris?
h) a business trip to Russia.
i) about thirty above zero.

113
. :

1. .
2. , -! 3. .
4. . 5. .
6. .
258

: Going on Vacations

7. .
8. . 9.
. 10. , ? 11. . 12.
. 13. !
114
.
.

115

,
, .
:

:
1. I just (show) ....... you the house.
I have just shown you the house.
2. The temperature (be) ....... about
yesterday.
The temperature was about zero yesterday.

zero

1. I just (show) ....... you the way to the station.


2. I (give) ....... you your drops in the morning. 3. They
(buy) ....... these drops right now. 4. Mary (come) ....... at
6. 5. They already (prepare) ....... them for you. 6. We
(buy) ....... some sleeping pills yestarday. 7. Jake (have)
....... problems with his sleep last week. 8. The doctor (give)
259

24

....... me the sedatives without a prescription the day before


yesterday. 9. I always (want) ....... to go to the country.
10. She already (get) ....... there by cab. 11. We (take)
....... bus seven yesterday. 12. It (take) ....... me about
twenty minutes to get to the station the day before yesterday. 13. I just (help) ....... you. 14. You (do) ....... it yet?
15. I (not, buy) ....... a pullover yet. 16. Jane (buy) .......
a T-shirt a week ago. 17. You (show) ....... Mike those jeans
yet? 18. How many pullovers of different kinds you already
(see) ....... ? 19. I (give) ....... you your doctors telephone
number yesterday. 20. She already (settle) ....... this over the
phone. 21. Doctor Morgan (call) ....... me in the morning.
22. What shoes she (try) ....... on yestarday? 23. You (see)
....... the fitting room yet? 24. What jeans you (seen) .......
just now? 25. What we (take) ....... a look at when we were
at the boutique?
116
, . :

1. It was OK when we got (to; on) ....... the restaurant.


2. Did you listen (at; to) ....... the weather forecast? 3. They
didnt say anything (about; through) ....... the rain. 4. I am
going to get wet (through; at) ....... . 5. There is a taxi stand
(in; over) ....... there. 6. I cannot run (through; after) .......
such a substantial meal. 7. I am going to get a taxi (for; by)
....... you. 8. Have you taken your umbrella (with; within)
....... you? 9. Weve got a couple (at; of) ....... weeks this
month to take a good rest. 10. Have you been (up; to)
....... Paris? 11. The weatherman said (after; over) ....... TV
260

: Extra Work No Steak

yesterday its raining in Paris now. 12. The temperature is


about thirty (in; above) ....... zero. 13. My brother Mike has
just returned (until; from) ....... a business trip to Russia.
14. Moscow is the capital (at; of) ....... Siberia. 15. I havent
heard (about; from) ....... that. 16. I have always dreamt
(by; about) ....... going to the North Pole. 17. There was
an armchair and a table (in front of; out of) the TV box.
18. We liked to drink tea (with; on) ....... sugar. 19. He might
get (under; off) ....... the bus at Central Park. 20. The city
centre was (through; behind) ....... the corner.

: Extra Work No Steak


,
,
.
:
anyway

[']

around

[']

as

[]

bar

[:]

believe

[':]

club

[]

diet

[']

extra

[']

Hello!

[']

!, (.) !
261

24

I'll

[]

I will [ ]

over

[']

shall

[]

?
,

snack

[]

suppose [']

tonight

[']

extra work ,
I suppose
have a snack ,
on a diet
Bingo club

be over
I believe ,
how about... ...
take along with
eat up

262

: Extra Work No Steak


,
:

CD
Jane:
Jake:

Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Jake:

Hello, Jake! Are you coming to dinner tonight?


Sorry, Jane, weve got some extra work to do.
I suppose I will be home by midnight. Ill have
a snack here at the bar.
Thats a pity! Ive cooked a good steak with
potatoes and onions.
Anyway, I can have it when I come.
You mean you will have it after midnight?
I am not on a diet, you know.
But I am... OK, as you dont come, I think, Ill
go to the Bingo club with Mike and July. They
are having a new show on there.
When will it be over?
263

24

Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

I believe, around midnight.


I can meet you there, then.
And how about the steak? Shall I take it along
with me?
No! Leave it at home. There will be Mike there.
I am afraid he will eat it up.

: , ! ?
: , , - . ,
. .
: .
.
: , , .
: , ?
: , .
: ... , ,
,
. .
: ?
: , .
: .
: ?
?
: , . . , , .
264

: Extra Work No Steak

117
:

1. Is Jake coming to dinner? 2. Why isnt Jake coming


to dinner? 3. When will he be home? 4. What will he have
at the bar? 5. What has Jane cooked for Jake? 6. When is
Jake going to have the steak? 7. Is Jane on a diet? 8. Where
is Jane going with Mike and July? 9. When will the show
be over? 10. What is Jake afraid of?
118
, .
:

1. Is Jake coming to dinner ( ) ....... ?


2. Jakes got some () ....... work to do.
3. He thinks he I will be home by () ....... .
4. Jake will have a ( ) ....... at the bar.
5. Janes cooked a good () ....... with potatoes
and onions. 6. Jane is on a () ....... . 7. The show will
be () ....... around midnight. 8. I () .......
he will eat it up.
119
, .
:

1.
2.
3.
4.

Weve got
I will be home by
Ill have
Ive cooked a good
steak with

a)
b)
c)
d)
265

Mike there.
potatoes and onions.
a new show on there.
some extra work to do.

24

5. Do you mean you


will have
6. Ill go to the
7. They are having
8. There will be
9. I am afraid

e) Bingo club with Mike


and July.
f) he will eat it up.
g) midnight.
h) it after midnight?
i) a snack here at the bar.

120
.
.


, , ,
, :
I suppose... ...
I believe... , ...
I am afraid... ...
I think... ...
I guess... [ ] ( guess )...
...
..,
:
Actually... ...
Generally... ['] ...
Generally speaking... ...
266

As a matter of fact... [  ] ...


As far as I know... ...
..
, ,
, ,
, . ,
,
( ),
.


,
.



will
be.
.
I will (I'll) have a snack here at the bar.
He will (he'll) have a snack here at the bar.
267

24

I will be home at six.


He will be home at six.

NB:
shall [].
, , :
Shall I take it along with me?
?





,
:
Will I have a snack here at the bar?
Will he have a snack here at the bar?
Will I be home at six?
Will he be home at six?
268


:
Yes, I (you, he, she, we, you, they) will.

:
No, I (you, he, she, we, you, they) will not
(won't []).



( )
.
.
:
I will have a snack here at the bar at six.
:
Will I have a snack here at the bar at six?

:
Who will have a snack here at the bar at six?
:
What will I do at the bar at six?
269

24

:
What will I have at the bar at six?
:
Where will I have a snack at six?
:
When will I have a snack here at the bar?

121
. :

1. Is there any tea in the cup? 2. Are there any mice


in the house? 3. My daughters name is Lorna. 4. Is there
any sugar on the table? 5. My parents are young. 6. Her
husband and father are in Africa. 7. I am stronger than John.
8. I want to take the train. 9. My house is in the suburbs.
10. There are a few potatoes in the box. 11. His house is
near the Brighton bridge. 12. Which bus do I take? 13. The
taxi stand is round the corner. 14. How long does it take
me to get to Greenford? 15. This room is as cold as that
one. 16. My house is larger than your house. 17. There are
few children in the street. 18. Her parents are in Brighton.
19. There is a little tea in the cup. 20. Is there any milk in
the jar?

270

...

122
. :

1. Jane will start with a vegetable salad. 2. The waiter


will put cucumber, tomatoes, carrots and onion there.
3. I will take meat for the main course. 4. Jane will be
a vegetarian. 5. Jake will eat some salmon and chips.
6. He will prefer a good steak with vegetables. 7. The waiter
will come over here. 8. The doctor will give you your pills.
9. She will buy these drops at the druggist. 10. Jane will
cook salmon for Jake.



()
: .
:
Anyway, I can have it when I come (
) , ,
( ) .

when, after, before, as soon as [ :
] .
271

24

until
['] ... , , , :
I won't go home until you call me.
, .
:
I will call you when (as soon as) I come.
, ( ) .
( )
, :
I will call you when I come;
:
I will call you when he comes. ,
.

123
, ,
. :

1. They will prepare the pills for you as soon as you


(give) ....... them the prescription. 2. I will sleep well after
272

...

I (buy) ....... sleeping pills. 3. Jake will have problems with


his sleep until he (buy) ....... some sedative. 4. When the
doctor (take) ....... my temperature, he will write me the
prescription. 5. I will give you my doctors telephone
number when you (ask) ....... me. 6. After I (settle) ....... this
over the phone, I will tell you. 7. Doctor Morgan will call
me before he (come) ....... . 8. I will have breakfast at the
restaurant when I (have) ....... time. 9. When I (find) .......
a room, I can cook my meals in the kitchen. 10. They will
go to the country when they (find) ....... a house there.

25

: Going Out Tonight


,
,
.
:
would

[]

movies

[':]

really
screen
fed

[']
[:]
[]

ours

[]

-
, ;
( moving pictures
[': ']
)

II
feed [:]

our
274

: Going Out Tonight

version
if
book

[:]
[]
[]

;
( , )
seat
[:]
;

easily
[':]

ticket
[']
, ,

very
[']

cinema
[']
,
all
[:]

computer [':]
film
[]

change
[]
,

Would you like... ...


I'd love to
go out (
)
Where to? ?
Holiday Inn [' ]
fed up with (.: -)
video of ours
So am I .
Odeon ['] ( )
Gone with the Wind
What if... , ...
275

25

the same as we are ,


booking office
go up ()
,
:

CD
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Would you like to go out tonight, Jane?


Where to?
Any place. Say, we could have dinner at Holiday Inn and then go to the movies.
Id love to see something really good on
a large screen. You know, Im a little fed up
with that video of ours.
276

: Going Out Tonight

Jake:

Jane:
Jake:

Jane:

So am I. How about going to the Odeon?


Theres a new version of Gone with the Wind
on.
Thats great. Have you booked the seats yet?
Of course, not. I suppose, we could easily buy
the tickets before the show. Very few people
go to the cinema now. They all have videos and
computers to watch films.
And what if they are all fed up with their videos,
the same as we are?
Please, call the booking office and book the
seats. And Ill go up and change.

: - ,
?
: ?
: . , ,
.
: -
. ,
.
: . ,
? .
: ! ?
: , . , . 277

25

.
,
.
: , , , ? ,

. .

124
:

1. Where does Jake want to go? 2. Where could they


have their dinner? 3. What would Jane love to see? 4. What
is she fed up with? 5. What cinema does Jake want to go
to? 6. What is on in the Odeon? 7. Has Jake booked the
seats yet? 8. Why could they easily buy tickets before the
show? 9. Why do very few people go to the movies now?
10. What is Jane afraid of?
125
, .
:

1. Would you like to go out ( ) ....... ,


Jane? 2. They could have dinner at Holiday Inn and then
go to the () ....... . 3. Jane would love to see something
() ....... good. 4. Shes little fed up with that
278

: Going Out Tonight

() ....... . 5. Theres a new () ....... of Gone


with the Wind in the Odeon. 6. Has Jake ( ) ....... the seats? 7. They could easily buy the () ....... before the show. 8. People all have videos and
() ....... to watch films. 9. They are all (
) ....... up with their videos. 10. Jane will go up
and () ....... .
126
, .
:

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.

We could have
Then we can go to
I want to see
Jane is a little
fed up with
Theres a new
version of
They could easily
buy
Very few people
go to
People all have
videos and

a)
b)
c)
d)

that video.
the movies.
the cinema now.
Gone with the Wind
on.
e) dinner at Holiday Inn.
f) the tickets before the
show.
g) computers to watch
films.
h) something really good
on a large screen.

127
.
:

1. ? 2. . 3. , ! 4.
. 5. 279

25

? 6. . 7. .
8. . 9.
. 10. .
128
.
.


, ,
, .

would will.

I will go there. ,
:
I would go there. .
I would
like (I'd like) I'd love
...:
I'd like to see this movie on the large screen.

.
280

- ...

,
:
Would you like to see this film?
?

-
,
,

, ,
, :
And what if they are all fed up with their videos,
the same as we are?, - same
.
, , ,
- .
:
1. -
the same [ ]
the same as [ ]
281

25

the same the same as , .


the same

,
the same as :
This car is the same as that one.
, ().
This car and that one are the same. () .
These cars are the same. .

NB:

, ()
one.
2. -
similar similar to.
similar [']
similar to [' ] 282

- ...

( ) . similar

; similar to
:
This car is similar to that one.
.
This car and that one are similar.
.
These cars are similar. .
3. -
like alike [']
like alike , ( ) .
like , alike :
This car is like that one.
.
This car and that one are alike.
.
These cars are alike.
( ).
283

25

4. -
like as,
like,
/ , / . as ,
- , ..
.
:
Like many other girls, Jane likes music.
, .
He worked as a lawer for a couple of years.
.
5. - ,




as... as big, large, small, little, old, young, hot, cold ..
John is as old as Jack. , .
Jake is not as old as Mike.
, .
284

- ...

NB:
old
.
6. -
different [']
different from ['
],

different
; different
from :
This car is different from that one. .
This car and that one are different. () .
These cars are different.
.

7. -
differ from [' ],

285

25

differ () is different from, , , .


:
This car is different from that one. .
This car differs from that one.
.

129
- , , . :

1. My umbrella and your umbrella are (similar, similar


to). 2. This restaurant and that one are (the same, the same
as). 3. These two restaurants are (like, alike). 4. I work (like,
as) a weatherman. 5. The weather here is (different from,
differs from, different) the weather in Canada. 6. This taxi
(different from, differ from, different) that one. 7. This meal
is (the same, the same as) that one. 8. The Holiday Inn
(not, different from, differ from, different) Savoy. 9. This
movie is (like, as) the one we saw yesterday. 10. Jakes video
is (the same, the same as) Janes one.
286

: Janes Birthday

130
, . :

1. Are you coming (in; to) ....... dinner tonight?


2. I suppose I will be home (by; through) ....... midnight.
3. Ive cooked a good steak (by; with) ....... potatoes and
onions. 4. Will you have it (on; after) ....... midnight?
5. I am (within; on) ....... a diet. 6. It will be (behind; over)
....... around midnight. 7. Shall I take it along (in; with)
....... me? 8. My house is (up; in) ....... the suburbs. 9. His
house is (until; near) ....... the Brighton Bridge. 10. The
taxi stand is (over; round) ....... the corner. 11. We could
have dinner (at; above) ....... Holiday Inn and then go
to the movies. 12. I'd love to see something really good
(to; on) ....... a large screen. 13. I'm fed (through; up) .......
with that video of ours. 14. Theres a new version (into; of)
....... Gone with the Wind on. 15. We could easily buy
the tickets (in front of; before) ....... the show. 16. Ill go
(up; to) ....... and change. 17. Where would you like to go
(before; out) ....... ? 18. I saw a new version (after; of) .......
this film. 19. After I settle this (over; in) ....... the phone,
I will tell you. 20. Doctor Morgan will call me (through;
before) ....... he comes.

: Janes Birthday
,
,
.
287

25

:
birthday
forget
forgot
forgotten
Wednesday
today
Thursday
remind
wrong

[':]
[']
[']
[']
[']
[']
[':]
[']
[]

date
notebook

[]
[']

everything
remember
memory

[']
[]
[']

that
thing
happen
once

[]
[]
[]
[]

congratulate

[']
congratulations [']
in a week
288

()

: Janes Birthday

on the twenty fourth of July


TV box .
youre wrong
Do you mean to say... ...

,
:

CD
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Jake:

Jane:

Jake:

Jane:

Have you forgotten about my birthday?


Of course not. It is going to be in a week, on
the twenty fourth of July, Wednesday.
Oh, God! It is today, the eighteenth of July,
Thursday. And I reminded you about it the day
before yesterday when you were watching that
TV box of yours.
Youre wrong. Here I have the date in my notebook... Jane! Have you seen my notebook?
Where have I left it?
You forget everything. You forgot my mothers
birthday after I had reminded you so many
times, you forgot...
Do you mean to say you remember everything? Some wives have such good memories
that they remember things that never happened.
What? What did you say? Well, if you dont...
289

25

Jake:

The best way to remember your wifes birthday


is to forget about it once. Anyway, congratulations!

: ?
: . , , .
: ! , ,
. , .
: .
... !
? ?
290

: Janes Birthday

: . , , ...
: , ?
, ,
.
: ? ? , ...
:
.

131
:

1. What has Jake forgotten about? 2. When is Janes


birthday? 3. When did Jane remind Jake about her birthday?
4. What was Jake doing when Jane reminded him about
her birthday? 5. Where does Jake have the date of Janes
birthday? 6. Whose birthday did Jake forget? 7. What
memories do some wives have? 8. What is the best way to
remember ones wifes birthday?
132
, .
:

1. I havent forgotten about your ( )


....... ? 2. My birthday is going to be in a () ....... .
291

25

3. My birthday is on the eighteenth of July, () ....... .


4. I reminded you about it the () ....... . 5. I have
the date of your birthday in my ( ) ....... .
6. Where have I () ....... it? 7. You () .......
my mothers birthday. 8. I () ....... you about
it many times. 9. Do you () ....... everything?
10. I remember things that never () ....... .
133
, .
:

1. Have you forgotten


2. It is going to be
3. I reminded you
about it
4. Here I have
5. Where have I left
6. You forgot my
7. Some wives
remember

a) things that never


happened.
b) the day before yesterday.
c) my notebook?
d) about my birthday?
e) mothers birthday.
f) in a week.
g) the date in my notebook.

134
.
:

1. ? 2. .
3. ! 4. . 5.
? 6. ? 7. ? 8. .
292

: Janes Birthday

9. . 10. , ,
.


-, , ,
, , ,
, .
:
, , ,
.
, , : on the twenty
fourth of July, Wednesday. , ,
,
: on the eighteenth of July, Thursday ,
.
( ), , , .
293

25

:
second [']
minute [']
hour []
, ,
oclock [']:
12 oclock
7 oclock
, ,
12 hours, 7 hours.
, (
) 1 12,
1 24, , , , 10
10 :
10 oclock in the morning
10 oclock in the evening
:
in the afternoon [ :':]
at noon [ :]
at midnight [ ']

a.m.
[' '] ante meridiem (.) p.m. [': '] post meridiem (.):
294

: Janes Birthday

1 a.m.
6 a.m.
11 a.m. 11
1 p.m. (13 )
6 p.m. (18 )
11 p.m. (23 ).
. ,
:
11.10 p.m. eleven ten p.m.
,
to past [:] , half :
5 (minutes) past 1 () (
);
half past 1 (
);
half to 2 ( );
5 (minutes) to 2 () (
).

NB:
1. 30 past; 31 59
to ,
.
295

25

2. , , ,
.
half past two p.m. half to,
five to seven a.m. five to,
twenty five past midnight twenty five past
..


quarter [':]:
a quarter past 3 ;
a quarter to 4 .

NB:
( ) at:
I have dinner at 7 p.m. 7 .
.
:
Sunday [']
Monday [']
Tuesday [':]
Wednesday [']
Thursday [':]
Friday [']
Saturday [']
296

: Janes Birthday

NB:
on:
I saw Jake on Monday. .
:
January [']
February [']
March [:]
April [']
May []
June [:]
July [']
August [':]
September [']
October [']
November [']
December [']

NB:
1. , , in:
I saw Jake in May. .
2.
on :
I saw Jake on the twenty first of May.
.
297

25

3. ,
:
I saw Jake on Monday, the twenty first of
May. ,
.
, -
( ):
I saw Jake at a quarter to six p.m. on Monday,
the twenty first of May, in 2004.
,
.

135
-, . :

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.

23.05,
17.15,
24.00,
12.00,
07.30,
21.05,
00.05,
11.35,
03.45,
18.00,

, 13 1996 .
, 1 2003 .
, 6 1854 .
, 31 1947 .
, 26 1983 .
, 8 1953 .
, 11 2000 .
, 12 1986 .
, 25 1624 .
, 2 2001 .
298



, .
, be
(was were) I (ing-
).

:
at six yesterday, at a quarter to eleven p.m the day
before yesterday, , , (
): when I saw you, when
Jake came.
:
I reminded ( ) you about it the
day before yesterday when you were watching ( ) that TV box of yours.
:
I was watching that TV box of mine.
.
He was watching that TV box of his.
.
299

25

She was watching that TV box of hers.


.
We were watching that TV box of ours.
.
You were watching that TV box of yours.
.
They were watching that TV box of theirs.
.




,
.
-
was / were :
Was she watching that TV box of hers?
?
Were we watching that TV box of ours?
?

: :
Yes, she was.
No, she wasnt.
Yes, we were.
No, we werent.
300

( )
;
:
Who was watching that TV box of hers?
?
Who was watching that TV box of ours?
?

NB:
be was.
:
What was she doing? ?
What were we doing? ?
:
What was she watching?
?
What were we watching?
?
:
Whose TV box was she watching? ?
Whose TV box were we watching? ?
301

25

136
be .
:

1. You ...... having your dinner. 2. It ...... raining.


3. We ...... getting to the restaurant. 4. I ...... listening to the
weather forecast. 5. They ...... saying something about the
rain. 6. I ...... saying it was going to snow. 7. She ...... making
mistakes. 8. He ...... taking something. 9. We ...... going to
get wet through. 10. The taxi ...... standing over there.

137
: , , , , .
:

1. Jane was having some milk with her tea. 2. Jake was
waiting for the bus at the bus stop. 3. I was talking to my
parents at the Post Office building. 4. We were going to
take either meat or fish. 5. She was eating cucumber and
tomatoes. 6. My parents were speaking to Doctor Morgan.
7. Mike was buying a house in the centre of the city.
8. We were going there by train. 9. Doctor Brown was taking
my temperature. 10. I was going to buy either a T-shirt or
a pullover.

302

138
, :

1. . 2. . 3. . 4.
, ? 5. ? 6. . 7.
. 8.
? 9. ?
10. ?

26


have had
, II :
I had written the letter. .
You had written the letter. .
He had written the letter. .
We had written the letter. .
You had written the letter. .
They had written the letter.
.

304

1) ,
( ,
, ):
I had written the letter by 5 o'clock yesterday.
(
by [] );
2) , , ;

, :
We came to the cinema after the film had
already begun. ,
.
, ,
.

NB:
1. , , :
305

26

We came to the cinema, and the film began.


, .
2. : after
before, , .
,

:
... After Jake
had had dinner...
... Before Jake
had dinner...




, :
had
( ):
Had I written the letter by 5 o'clock yesterday?
5 ?
306

...

( ) :
:
Who had written the letter by 5 oclock
yesterday? 5 ?
:
What had I done by 5 oclock yesterday?
5 ?
:
What had I written by 5 o'clock yesterday?
5 ?
:
When had I written the letter?
?

139

,
, , , . :

307

26

1. There had been a lot of mice in the house. 2. We had


had a lot of sugar on the table before you came. 3. It had
taken me about an hour to get to Greenford. 4. Before they
went to the cinema they had had dinner at Holiday Inn.
5. When we got to the cinema, the film had already begun.
6. Jane wanted to see something really good on a large
screen after she had got fed up with that video of hers.
7. I had booked the seats before you called. 8. Jane had
bought the tickets before the show began. 9. She had bought
a video in the shop. 10. Jane had called the booking office
before she went up and changed.

140
( ).
:

1. They (prepare) ....... the pills for you after I (give)


....... them the prescription. 2. I (sleep) ....... well after
I (buy) ....... sleeping pills. 3. Jake (have) ....... problems
with his sleep before he (buy) ....... some sedative. 4. After
the doctor (take) ....... my temperature, he (write) ....... me
the prescription. 5. I (give) ....... you my doctors telephone
number after you (ask) ....... me. 6. After I (settle) .......
this over the phone, I (tell) ....... you. 7. Doctor Morgan
(call) ....... me before he (come) ....... . 8. I (have) ....... my
breakfast at the restaurant after I (book) ....... the seats for
the movie. 9. After I (find) ....... a room, I (write) .......
a letter to my parents. 10. They (go) ....... to the country
after they (find) ....... a house there.
308

: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary

141
,
. :

1. ,
. 2. , ,
. 3. ,
. 4.
,
. 5. -
, . 6.
, .
7. ,
. 8. ,
. 9. ,
. 10.
, .

: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary


,
,
.
:
anniversary
around
boss

[':]
[']
[]
309

26

Chicago
football
guy
invitation
invite
marry

[']
[':]
[]
[']
[']
[']

match
meeting
postcard

[]
[':]
[':]

program
quite
till

[']
[]
[]

try
wedding
Yeah!

[]
[']
[]

(.)

(.) Yes!

no more than ,
When is it supposed to be? () ?
Oh, my! , , ,
Why not? ?
work out , ,
I'm not quite sure
310

: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary

boss wants me to take ,



to do your best , ...
,
:

CD
Jane:

Jake:

Look, Jake! There is a postcard from my mother. Its an invitation to my parents fiftieth wedding anniversary.
Really? I thought that they had been married
for no more than forty years, and not fifty.
When is it supposed to be?
311

26

Jane:

Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

Jane:

Jake:

On the twelfth of June, next Monday. Surely


weve got to leave for Brighton on Saturday,
the tenth, by train at nine thirty in the morning.
Oh, my! Saturday?
Yeah! Why not?
Well, you know... Er... Well, Ive got a meeting on Saturday, actually, a business meeting.
A guy is coming from Chicago to see the programs that we have worked out.
When is it going to be? I mean, the meeting.
Im not quite sure, but I suppose, around
noon.
OK, well take the train that leaves at a quarter
past three.
A night train?
No! A quarter past three p.m.
Well... Im afraid...
What is it this time?
Well, my boss wants me to take this guy around
the city, and also to dinner at seven. And also
there is...
I know! There is going to be a football match
on the box in the evening, and you are
trying to do your best to stay at home till Sunday!
How did you know?

312

: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary

: , ! .
.
: ? , , .
?
: , . , , ,
.
: ! ?
: ! ?
: , ... ... ,
, , . , .
: , , ?
: , , ,
.
: , , .
: ?
: ! .
: ... ...
: ?
: , , , ,
.
...
313

26

: !
, , !
: ?


, , ,
(When is it supposed to be?), be
II suppose
.
:
I am supposed to be there at six.
.
Mike is supposed to meet the Browns at
the station.
.
Who was supposed to write the letter to
the boss? ?
be ,
have, must ,
, :
314

The classes are to start at eight. .


The train is to arrive at nine thirty. .
supposed [']
.
:
I am to be there at six.
.
I am supposed to be there at six. , .




(, ),
. .
:
Boss wants me to take this guy to dinner.
, .
:
315

26

(... ...),

.
,
(me)
to (to take). (), (me) (boss).
.
.



, , to to.
.
1. to
:
see
feel
hear
watch
notice ['] :
316

see:
I saw him enter ['] the house. ,
.
feel:
I felt somebody touch [] my hand. , - .
hear:
I heard him arrive ['] early in the morning.
, .
watch:
We watched the ship leave the port. , .
notice:
Nobody noticed him disappear ['].
, .
2. to :
let
make
( help
have):
317

26

Jake let me tell them something about


it. -
.
Don't make me laugh [:].
(: ).
Ill have him paint [] the house.
.

3. to
:
want []
expect [']
believe [':]
know
advise [']
consider [] ,
order
think
like
find
get , ..:

I want you to find me a place in the car.


, ;
I believe her to be a very good cook. c, () .
I got him to paint the house. .
318



I (ing- ) II
( ).
I, , :
.:
I saw him enter () the house.
, ;
I saw him entering () the house.
, .
She saw them playing in the garden.
, .
He felt someone watching him. , - .
I heard him playing the piano. ,
.
I sit and watch the children playing.
, .
I noticed her listening to the concert [']
with great pleasure. , .
319

26

II:
I want to have my car repaired ['].
, (:
).
Jake had his house painted by the workers.
(:
).

142
, ( to to). :

1. Let me (take) ....... your umbrella. 2. I want you (go)


....... to the restaurant with us. 3. She advised Jake (listen)
....... to the weather forecast. 4. I heard them (say) .......
nothing about the rain. 5. I saw your brother Mike (return)
....... home. 6. I consider the weather (be) ....... rather good
in Moscow. 7. Don't make me (run) ....... there. 8. I believe
a taxi (stand) ....... over there. 9. Jane got Jake (find) .......
a taxi for her. 10. I expect you (call) ....... your travelling
agent!

320

143
, .
:

1. I believe that you made a mistake. 2. I think that


you must take a train to London. 3. I know that Jane
hates the heat. 4. I saw as your brother Mike came home.
5. Jane expects that the weather will be fine in Siberia.
6. I consider that he is a good cook. 7. We watched as the
ship was leaving the port. 8. I heard that he arrived yesterday.
9. We noticed that Jake was in red. 10. Jake believes that
Jane wants it.

27



( ), , , ,
, . ,

.
I saw the man () who we had met yesterday
( ). ,
.
He said () that he had seen Jake the day
before yesterday ( ).
, .
Well sit to dinner () when Jake comes
( ). , .

322

( ) .
, , ,
, :
, , , , ..:
I saw the man (?) whom we had met
yesterday ( ).
He said (?) that he had seen Jake the day before
yesterday ( ).
We'll sit to dinner (?) when Jake comes (
).



()
:
I thought that they had been married for no more
than forty years,
:
I thought...,
323

27

:
...they had been married for no more than forty
years.
that
,
why, what how
:

NB:
,
,
that,
what. :

, what. that:
I didnt understand what he said to me.
, ( ) .
I didnt understand that he said it to me.
, .

144
, (what, that, why, how),
. :

1. I see () you are doing there. 2. Jake doesnt


know () Doctor Morgan is out at the moment.
3. The receptionist believes () Jake Brown lives at Argyle
Road, 118. 4. Jake advises me () ....... I can call home
from the station. 5. Jane expects () ....... the doctor will
come soon. 6. The druggist wants to know () ....... Jake
needs. 7. Doctor Brown wants to know () ....... he can
settle this matter. 8. Jane heard () Jake was a vegetarian.
9. I dont know () meat is so unhealthy! 10. Jake
told the druggist () he needed some aspirin and some
nosedrops.
145
.
:

:
1. Jane thinks about Jake. Jake is coming.
Jane thinks that Jake is coming.
2. Jake doesnt know it. The waiter cant come over to
his table.
325

27

Jake doesnt know why the waiter cant come over


to his table.
1. The receptionist hears Doctors car. Doctors car is
coming.
2. The receptionist doesnt know it. She cant put Jake
through.
3. Mr Brown says it to the doctor. Mr Brown is calling
from home.
4. The doctor doesnt know it. He cant write it in the
prescription.
5. Jake doesnt know about it. His wife is unwell.
6. He says it to the doctor. Shes also sneezing and
coughing.
7. The druggist believes it. They dont have those drops
in right now.
8. The druggist says it to Jake. Jake cant have those
pills without a prescription.
9. Jane says it to Jake. She hates meat.
10. The doctor wants to know about it. Jane is allergic
to seafood.
146
, . :

1. Have you forgotten (in; about) ....... my birthday?


2. It is going to be in a week, (at; on) ....... the twenty
fourth of July, Wednesday. 3. Today is the eighteenth
(after; of) ....... July, Thursday. 4. I reminded you about
it the day (through; before) ....... yesterday. 5. You were
326

: Looking for a New Job

watching that TV box (between; of) ....... yours. 6. Here


I have the date (to; in) ....... my notebook. 7. The best
way to remember your wifes birthday is to forget (in;
about) ....... it once. 8. I saw Jane (at; in) ....... five past
nine p.m., (at; on) ....... Monday, the eighth of April, (at;
in) ....... nineteen fifty three. 9. When we got (up; to)
....... the cinema, the film had already begun. 10. Jane
wanted to see something really good (beyond; on) .......
a large screen. 11. I had booked the seats (up; before)
....... you called. 12. Jane had bought the tickets (in;
after) ....... the show began. 13. Jane had called
the booking office (through; before) ....... she went up
and changed. 14. There is a postcard (into; from) .......
my mother. 15. They have been married (by; for) .......
forty years. 16. Weve got to leave (behind; for) .......
London on Saturday. 17. A guy is coming (after; from)
....... Chicago. 18. Well take the train that leaves (at;
to) ....... a quarter past three. 19. There is going to be
a football match (on; until) ....... the box in the evening.
20. You are trying to do your best to stay (in; at) .......
home till Sunday.

: Looking for a New Job


,
,
.
327

27

:
ads
benefit

[]
[]

benefits package

boring
[:]
,
,

branch
[:]
, ,

()
depend
[]

( -)
expand
[]
(),
()
hell
[]

hire
[]

interview
[:]

job
[]
,

manager
[]

Motorola
[]

package
[]

Personnel
[:]

place
[]

programmer []

328

: Looking for a New Job

promotion

[]

prospects
qualified

[]
[]

qualify

[]

quit

[]

tie

[]

( )

()
,

What's up? ?
Dont worry. .
By the way
How much do they pay? ?
It depends ( )
somewhere around -
twenty five thousand a year

Youll make it. (: ).
Where, the hell, is my tie? (): ,
, ?

27
,
:

CD
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Jake:

Whats the matter, Jake? Youre not going to


work today, are you?
No, I decided to quit. I told the manager yesterday that I would not come today.
Whats up?
You know, the work that I have had is so boring.
And no prospects for promotion.
Dont worry. Youre a qualified programmer,
and you can easily find a place in the computer business.
I think, I have already done that. Look, I found
it in the ads. The Motorola branch is expanding, and they are hiring new programmers.
330

: Looking for a New Job

Jane:
Jake:

Jane:
Jake:

Jane:
Jake:

Call them right now.


I called their Personnel yesterday, and the man
told me that I should come to have an interview
today, at half past ten. So, where is my new
tie?
By the way, how much do they pay?
It depends. But as they say it in the ads,
somewhere around from twenty to twenty
five thousand a year, and a benefits package.
Im sure, youll make it.
Of course, I will. But where, the hell, is my new
tie, Jane?

: , ?
, ?
: , .
, .
: ?
: , , ,
. .
: . ,
.
: , . , . 331

27

,
.
: .
: , , , . ...
?
: , ?
: . ,
, -

, .
: , .
: , . , ,
, ?

147
:

1. Why isnt Jake going to work today? 2. What did


he tell the manager? 3. Why does Jake quit work? 4. Why
can Jake easily find new work? 5. Where can he find new
work? 6. What did Jake find in the ads? 7. Who did he call?
8. What did the Motorola Personnel manager tell him?
9. How much will Motorola pay Jack? 10. What is Jake
looking for?
332

: Looking for a New Job

148
, .
:

1. Jake decided to () ....... . 2. He told the


manager () ....... that he would not come today. 3. Jake
found the work that he had had was so () ....... .
4. Jake had no prospects for ( )
....... . 5. Jake is a () ....... programmer.
6. The Motorola branch is () ....... . 7. The
Motorola branch is () ....... new programmers.
8. Jake called the Motorola ( ) ....... yesterday.
9. Jake should come to have an () ....... today.
10. They will give Jake twenty five thousand a year, and
a () ....... package.
149
, .
:

1. Jake is not going to


2. He told the manager
yesterday that he
3. Jake had no prospects
for
4. Jake can easily find
a place in
5. The Motorola branch
6. The Personnel man told
Jake that he
333

a) is hiring new
programmers.
b) from twenty to twenty
five thousand a year.
c) would not come
today.
d) Jakes new tie?
e) work today.
f) should come to have
an interview today.

27

7. The Motorola pays


somewhere around
8. But where, the hell, is

g) the computer
business.
h) promotion.

150
. :

1. . 2. , . 3. ? 4.
! 5.
. 6. . 7. . 8. ! 9. , ?
10. , !

--
,
, . -- , , () .
() .
.:
(), ()
.
He said () that he would go (--) to London the next week.
334

-- would :
I said that I would go to London the next week
, ...
You said that you would go to London the next
week , ...
She said that she would go to London the next
week , ...
We said that we would go to London the next
week , ...
They said that they would go to London the next
week , ...
-- ,
.


--
, .
:
1.
, 335

27


:
Jake says he was in London last week.
, .
Jake says he will go to London next week.
,
.
Jake says he is in London now. ,
.
2. ,
.  ,
, , .

NB:
,
.
Jake said ( ) that he was writing
( , )
a letter (),
() .
336

Jake said ( ) that he had written


(-, ) a letter.
(), ()
.
Jake said ( ) that he would
write (--) a letter.
(), ()
.

151
-- .
:

1. Jake said that he (will not forget) ....... about Janes


birthday. 2. Jane said that she (will have) ....... her birthday
in a week. 3. She reminded Jake that she (will have) .......
it on the eighteenth of July, Thursday. 4. Jake said that he
(will be watching) ....... TV in the evening. 5. He promised
that he (will have) ....... the date in his notebook. 6. Jake
was afraid that he (will forget) ....... about Janes mother
birthday. 7. She said that she (will remember) ....... it.
8. Mother wrote that she (will come) ....... to visit Jane on
Tuesday. 9. They called her and said that they (will have)
....... to go to London. 10. She promised that they (will not
do) ....... it again.
337

27

152
,
. :

1. She says that the football match (be) ....... next week.
2. Jane said that her Mother (send) ....... her a postcard the
day before yesterday. 3. Jake said that he (write) ....... a letter
at that moment. 4. They knew that their parents (be going
to invite) ....... them to their fiftieth wedding anniversary.
5. Jake thought that they (be married) ....... for no more
than forty years. 6. She said that they (have to leave) .......
for London the next Saturday. 7. Jake said that he (be
having) ....... a meeting on Saturday. 8. He said that a guy
(be coming) ....... from Chicago to see the programs that
they had worked out. 9. He told Jane that the meeting (be)
....... around noon the next Saturday. 10. Jane knew that
Jake (be) ....... doing his best to stay at home till Sunday.

: An Interview
,
,
:
:
certificate

[']

338

,
(

: An Interview

conditions
idea

[']
[']

local
[']

papers
[']
,

period
[']
,
possible
[']

probation
[']
;

programming [']
reference
[']
;

rise
[]
, ; ()
salary
[']
,
study
[']

terms
[:]

university
[:':]
all in all ,
I spent a year studying ,
to get some idea of those
how about... ...
for a start
339

27

paid two-week vacation


so to say
you may just as well... ...
that will do
hand in ()
get down to work
,
:

CD
Manager: Well, how long have you worked in the
business, I mean in programming?
Jake: For five years all in all. Actually, I started six years
ago, but I spent a year studying at the local
university.

: An Interview

Manager: Thats very good. Where are your certificates?


Oh, yes, I see.
Jake: And I also have a couple of references from some
men in the business. Those are people that
I worked with. Here they are.
Manager: OK. ... Now, anything you want to know about
the terms and conditions? Salary? Vacations?
Jake: Yes, I would like to get some idea of those.
Manager: Well, how about twenty five thousand a year
for a start, with a possible rise, say, in a years
time. And a paid two-week vacation.
Jake: Well, I was thinking of something around
thirty...
Manager: You could have that in half a year, after, so to
say, a probation period. Or you may just as well
have a larger benefits package.
Jake: OK. I think, that will do.
Manager: Then youve got to hand in all your papers to
the Personnel, and get down to work from, say,
the day after tomorrow...

: ... ,
, ?
: . -,
, , .
: . ? , .
341

27

:
- . , . .
: . ... -, ? ? ?
: , - .
: , , , , .
.
: -, -
...
: , , , .
.
: . , .
: ,
, ...

153
:

1. What did the manager want to know first? 2. How


long had Jake been in the business? 3. How many years had
342

: An Interview

he spent in the university? 4. What papers did Jake bring to


the interview? 5. Who had given Jake references? 6. What
did Jake want to know about the terms and conditions of
his work? 7. What salary did the manager want to give Jake
for a start? 8. When would Jake have a rise? 9. How long
could his paid vacations be? 10. Where did he have to hand
in his papers?
154
, .
:

1. Jake has worked in the business for five years () ....... . 2. He spent a year () ....... at the
local university. 3. Where were his () ....... ?
4. He also had a () ....... ( )
....... . 5. Jake wanted to get some () .......
of the terms and conditions. 6. ( ) ....... twenty
five thousand a year? 7. Jake also had a ()
....... two-week vacation. 8. He could have thirty thousand
in () ....... a year. 9. He would also have a large
() ....... package. 10. He had to () ....... all
his papers to the Personnel.
155
, .
:

1. How long have you


worked in

a) a larger benefits package.


343

27

2. I started six years


ago, and I spent
3. I have a couple of
references from some
4. Do you want to know
anything about
5. I would like to get
some idea of
6. You could have
7. You may just as
well have
8. Youve got to hand
in all your

b) the terms and


conditions?
c) a year studying at the
local university.
d) thirty thousand in half
a year.
e) programming?
f) men in the business.
g) papers to the Personnel.
h) the salary and vacations.

156
. :

1. . 2.
, . 3.
. 4. ? 5.
. 6. ? 7.
. 8. . 9.
? 10. , .
157
. .

28


, ,

:
Those are people that I worked with.
, .

, ..
.

.
e , , ,
who whom:
345

28

Those are people who I worked with.


, .
Thats the man whom I saw yesterday.
, .

, , which:
The TV box which we bought yesterday was
very good. , ,
.

whom ( who) which
that:
There is the man whom (that) we met in the
supermarket yesterday. ,
.

, . , :
The TV box which we bought yesterday was
very good. =
The TV box we bought yesterday was very
good ( ,
).
346

...

:
We met a man who had blue jeans on.
( who ,
).

158
.
:

1. I decided to quit work. The work is boring.


2. I found a new job. The new job pays well.
3. We need a qualified programmer. The programmer
can easily do this work.
4. Jake found a place in the computer business. The
place gives him good prospects for promotion.
5. Jake found the ads. The ads said that the Motorola
branch was expanding.
6. They are hiring new programmers. New programmers
will work for the new branch.
7. Jake called the Personnel manager. The Personnel
manager told him to come for an interview.
8. I came to have an interview. The interview was to
begin at half past ten.
9. I need the new tie. We bought it yesterday.
347

28

10. I have a good salary. The salary is around twenty


five thousand a year.
159
,
.
:

1. Where is my new tie that we bought in the


supermarket?
2. I met a programmer who had worked in the business
for more than ten years.
3. I spent a year at the local university which gave me
a certificate.
4. These are my certificates that I got at the local
university.
5. I also have a couple of references from some men
who I worked with.
6. Those are the people who worked with me.
7. I want to know about the terms and conditions that
I will work under.
8. Youll have a two-week vacation which is paid.
9. I am on a probation which will last two months.
10. Jake was thinking about the salary which his manager
was going to give him.
160
,
. :

1. The work that I have had provides no prospects


(on; for) ....... promotion. 2. You can easily find a place
348

...

(after; in) ....... the computer business. 3. I found it (in;


until) ....... the ads. 4. The man told me to come to
have an interview (in; at) ....... half past ten. 5. They
pay somewhere around (after; from) ....... twenty (to;
on) ....... twenty five thousand a year. 6. How long have
you worked (behind; in) ....... programming? 7. I spent
a year studying (over; at) ....... the local university.
8. I have a couple of references (between; from) ....... some
men in the business. 9. Those are people that I worked
(with; at) ....... . 10. Do you want to know anything (in
front of; about) ....... the terms and conditions? 11. How
(in; about) ....... twenty five thousand a year for a start?
12. There will be a possible rise, say, (under; in) .......
a years time. 13. You could have that (with; after) .......
a probation period. 14. Youve got to hand (in; during)
....... all your papers to the Personnel. 15. Jane said that
her Mother had sent her a postcard the day (within;
before) ....... yesterday. 16. They knew that their parents
were going to invite them (on; to) ....... their fiftieth
wedding anniversary. 17. Jake thought that they had been
married (at; for) ....... no more than forty years. 18. Jake
said that he was having a meeting (on; in) ....... Saturday.
19. He told Jane that the meeting would be (around;
under) ....... noon the next Saturday. 20. Jane knew that
Jake was doing his best to stay (for; at) ....... home till
Sunday.

28

: Letter Writing
,
,
:
:
address

[']

attend

[']

carry
certain

[']
[:]

company
example
gentlemn
information
layout

[']
[':]
[']
[']
[']

letter
madam
oblige
person

[']
[']
[']
[:]

polite
presentation
salutation

[']
[']
[']
350

: Letter Writing

signature

[']

sincere
sir
subject
truly

[']
[:]
[']
[':]

way

[]

( sign []
)

( true [:]
)

Here it goes
What comes next? ?
Get going
for example
much obliged
carry on
in this way
end up
sincerely yours...
yours truly
,
:

CD
Jane:
Jake:

Jake, its midnight already. Why dont you go


to bed? Dont you want to sleep?
I cant. I have to do something really important. A letter of invitation. Our company is go351

28

Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

ing to have a presentation, and I was told to


work out a letter.
Do you know how to do it?
I am afraid, I dont.
OK. I will help you. The most important thing
is the layout.
What do you mean?
Its certain information about your company:
the name, the address, the telephone number.
It is usually written on the left. Then comes the
salutation.
Whats that?
Do you know the person you are going to address?
No.
Then you have to start with Gentlemen, or
Dear Sirs, or Dear Sirs and Madams.
352

: Letter Writing

Jake:
Jane:

Jake:
Jane:

Here it goes. What comes next?


The subject. You said you wanted to invite
those people to your presentation, didnt you?
Get going, and be polite. Say, for example,
We would be much obliged to you if you
would attend the presentation of our.... And
carry on in this way.
OK. How should I end up the letter?
Put something like Sincerely yours... or
Yours truly. Then comes the signature. And
dont forget about the date.

: , .
? ?
: . -
.
. ,
.
: , ?
: , .
: . .
.
: ?
:
, , .
. .
353

28

: ?
: , ?
: .
: ,
,
.
: , . ?
: . ,
,
? , . ,
: ,
.... .
: . ?
: -
... ....
.

161
:

1. Why doesnt Jake go to bed? 2. What does he have


to do? 3. What is the company he works for going to
have? 4. What was he told to do? 5. Does Jake know how
to write a business letter? 6. What is the most important
354

: Letter Writing

thing about business letter? 7. What is written on the left?


8. What comes after the companys name and address?
9. What do you write for the salutation if you dont know
the person you are going to address? 10. How do we end
up the letter?
162
, .
:

1. Jake has to do something really () ....... .


2. Jake has to write a letter of () ....... . 3. His
() ....... is going to have a presentation. 4. The
most important () ....... is the layout. 5. Its () ....... information about the company. 6. Its usually
written on the ( ) ....... . 7. Do you know
the () ....... you are going to address? 8. I want to
() ....... some people to my presentation. 9. Be
() ....... . 10. We would be much ()
....... to you.
163
,
. :

1. I have to do
something
2. Our company is
going to have
3. The most important
thing is

a) those people to your


presentation?
b) a presentation.
c) the left.
355

28

4. Its certain information about


5. It is usually written
on
6. Do you know the
person you are
7. Did you want to
invite
8. We would be much
obliged to

d) you if you would attend


our presentation.
e) your company.
f) really important.
g) the layout.
h) going to address?

164
.
:

1. - . 2. . 3. . 4. . 5. .
6. , ? 7. ? 8. , . 9. . 10.
.

165
.
.



, : I was told to work
out a letter ( ), ,
.
We would be much obliged to you
if you would attend the presentation... (
,
...).

, ( ,
),
.



to be
,
( II) :

357

28

The letter is written.

The letter was written.

- The letter will be written.

The letter has been written.


The letter had been written.

+
.
.
.

( )
( ).

The letter is being written.

The letter was being written.

The letter would be written.

(

).

- ,
(
).
.:
I wrote the letter. ;
:
The letter was written (by me).
().
:
I wrote the letter. .
358

, ; ,
,
(, , ,
). ,
..
by with.
by, ,
, ; with
( , ):
I wrote the letter. ;
The letter was written by me.
.
Snow covered the earth.
;
The earth was covered with snow.
.

,
:
We must write the letter. ;
359

28

:
The letter must be written.
.
, ,
:
Jake was reading a book. The book was being
read by Jake.
, ,

,
(
).
.



:
They showed us the letter.
.
(
):
The letter was shown to us. .
360

( ):
We were shown the letter (
).


:
We can rely on this man. .
:
This man can be relied on.
.

NB:

account for [' :]
, depend on [' ] , insist
on [' ] , listen to , send
for [ :]
:
The doctor has been sent for.
.
361

28

NB:

explain [']
dictate [']
suggest ['] ,
announce ['] .,
to, .

:
:
They explained the rule [:] to us. .
:
The rule was explained to us.
( We were explained the rule).

166
. ,
, . :

1. I found new work yesterday. 2. I found it in the ads.


3. They are hiring new programmers. 4. I visited their
362

: Going Abroad

Personnel yesterday. 5. How much do they pay to programmers? 6. They give programmers around twenty five
thousand a year (2 ). 7. Youll
make it. 8. I have studied computers at the local university.
9. We can give you a larger benefits package (2
). 10. Youve got to hand in all your papers.
11. I was reading a book. 12. She is watching TV. 13. He
was driving his car. 14. I have not shown you my house yet
(2 ). 15. They were trying jeans on.
16. She gave me the doctors telephone number. 17. I have
already given you your pills (2 ).
18. They had prepared those pills for you. 19. I always settle
such matters over the phone. 20. Doctor Morgan is speaking
to his boss right now.

: Going Abroad
,
,
:
:
abroad

[':]

corridor
Customs
declare

[]
[']
[']

embassy

[']
363

28

even
expire

[:]
[']

field

[:]

green
join
market
married
only
passport
problem
question
resident

[:]
[]
[':]
[']
[']
['::]
[']
[]
[']

sightseeing

[':]

tour
visa

[]
[':]

( )
,

green corridor
Welcome [']
,
:

CD
Customs Officer: OK, can I see your passport,
please.
Jake: Here you are.
364

: Going Abroad

Customs Officer: So, you are from England, arent


you?
Jake: Yes, I am London resident. Heres my address.
And here is the visa.
Customs Officer: How long are you going to stay here
in Russia?
Jake: Actually, I had planned to stay for no more that
a couple of weeks, but then my plans changed.
I think I will have to stay for over a month, or
even two.
Customs Officer: Your visa is for one month only. It expires in twenty nine days.
Jake: Ill have to get to the Embassy and have this matter settled.
Customs Officer: Youre on a business trip, arent you?
Who do you work with?
365

28

Jake: A computer software company here in Moscow. As we work in the same field, they sent us
an invitation to come and see what we could do
together for the Russian market.
Customs Officer: Could they help you with your visa?
Jake: Sure. If I have any problems, they will do that.
Customs Officer: OK. Have you got anything to declare?
Jake: No, I dont think I have. I always go through the
green corridor.
Customs Officer: One more question. Youre married,
arent you?
Jake: Yes, and my wife is coming in a week to join me
for a sightseeng tour.
Customs Officer: OK. Welcome to Russia, then.
Jake: Thanks, officer.

: ! ?
: .
: , ?
: , . .
.
:
?
: , ,
. , , .
366

: Going Abroad

: .
.
: .
: , ?
?
: ,
, . , , ,

.
: ?
: . ,
.
: . -,
?
: . .
: . ,
?
: , .
: .

: , .

367

28

167
:

1. What does the Customs officer want to see? 2. What


city is Jake a resident of? 3. How long is Jake going to
stay in Russia? 4. When is his visa going to expire? 5. Who
will help Jake to settle the problem with the visa? 6. Who
does Jake work with in Moscow? 7. Why did the Moscow
company invite Jake to Russia? 8. Does Jake have anything
to declare? 9. What corridor does he always go through?
10. What is his wife coming for?

168
, .
:

1. I want to see your () ....... , please. 2. How


long are you going to () ....... here in Russia?
3. Jake was planning to stay for no more that a () .......
of weeks. 4. He thinks he will have to stay for ()
....... a month. 5. Your visa () ....... in twenty nine
days. 6. He will have to get to the (o) ....... and
have this matter settled. 7. The Russian company sent us an
() ....... to come and see what can be done.
8. If I have any () ......., they will do that.
9. I always go () ....... the green corridor. 10. Jakes
wife is coming in a week to () ....... me
for a sightseeing tour.
368

: Going Abroad

169
,
.
:

1. How long are you


going to
2. Jake planned to
stay for no more that
3. Your visa expires in
4. Ill have to get to
5. I work with
6. They sent us an
invitation to
7. Have you got
8. Jakes wife is
coming in a week to

a) anything to declare?
b) the Embassy and have
this matter settled.
c) stay here in Russia?
d) join him for a sightseeing
tour.
e) a couple of weeks.
f) come and see what we
could do here.
g) twenty nine days.
h) a computer software
company here in
Moscow.

170
.
:

1. ? 2.
? 3.
. 4. . 5.
, ? 6. , .
7. , . 8.
- ? 9. ,
? 10.
.
369

28

171
.
.

,
:
As we work in the same field, they sent us
an invitation to come and see what we could do
together for the Russian market. , ... ( );
If I have any problems, they will do that.
, ( ).


, , , , ..

( ) .
370

...

,
, :

:
after
as soon as
before

[':]
[ : ]
[':]

since

[]

till
until
when
whenever
while

[]
[']
[]
[']
[]



;

;

172
, (
) . :

1. ,
. 2. , ,
. 3. , .
4. , . 5. , . 6. ,
. 7. , .
371

28

:
where
from where
wherever

[]
[ ]
[']

173
, (
) . :

1. ,
. 2. ,
. 3. ,
. 4. ,
.
:
as
because
since

[]
[':]
[]


;
;

174
, (
) . :

1. ,
. 2. , . 3. ,
. 4. ,
. 5. ,
.
372

...

:
whether
if
provided

[']
[]
[]

unless
on condition
(that)
in case (that)

[']
[ '
... ]
[ ]

...

...

()
,

175
, ( ) . :

1. , ,
. 2. , .
3. , . 4.
, . 5.
, .
:
in order that
lest
so that

[ ': ] ;

[]
...
[ ]
,
(
so)
373

28

176
, (
) . :

1. , , . 2. ,
(Parliament [':]).
3. (hurry ['], . 4. ,
.
:
as
as if

[]
[ ]

so... that
such... that
while
however

[... ]
[... ]
[]
[']

,

()
...
,

177
, (
) . :

1. , . 2. ,
. 3. ,
-.

374

...

:
in spite of

[ ]

though
although
even though

[]
[']
[: ]

178
, (
) . :

1. ,
. 2. , . 3. ,
, .

NB:
- , . ,

.
, since , , ,
:
375

28

I have not seen him since I was a boy.


, ( ).
Since I did not know what to say the floor was
given to Jack. , , ( ).
as, if, when,
what ..
where :
I do not know where I will go for my summer
vacations. , ,
:
He could not tell me where he had put the
umbrella. ,
.
if
, . :
We will sit to dinner together if you come on
time. , ( ?) .
He wanted to know if we would keep it secret.
, (?)
.

376

...

( )
before, as soon as ..,
,

. :

when, after,

We will sit to dinner as soon as he comes.


, (?) .
She wanted to know when he will come.
, (?) .
: , , (--)
, (),
.

179
- , . . :

377

28

:
crazy [']
keep quiet [: ']
classmate [':]
clean [:] ;
exercise [']
extremely [':]
ugly [']
broke [] ,

fail []
asleep [':]
fall asleep
:
They went home. The play was over. (when)
They went home when the play was over.
1. They got married. They had to learn to manage
their own home. (after) 2. He went crazy. His wife burnt
his breakfast. (when) 3. You can hear what Im saying. You
keep quiet. (if) 4. I wont invite my classmates to a party.
I know them well. (until) 5. He arrived home. I had already
cleaned the house. (by the time) 6. The first exercise was
easy. This one is extremely difficult. (while) 7. Shes ugly.
People like her. (although) 8. Were broke. We cant buy
anything. (since) 9. He failed. He wont give up his ideals.
(even though) 10. He fell asleep. He was watching the film.
(while)

12
1. I am in London. 2. She is a woman. 3. We are in the
street. 4. He is in the house. 5. They are in the flat. 6. You
are a boy. 7. It is in Moscow. 8. The telephone is in the
room. 9. I am a man. 10. They are in the room.
17
1. I love to drive a car. 2. I hate to live in the city.
3. I want to drive the car. 4. I need a house. 5. I want
to watch television. 6. I need to go. 7. I like to live in
the house. 8. I like the city. 9. I like to speak Russian.
10. I prefer to live in the house.
19
1. I need a car. 2. They like to drive the car. 3. I live
in the city. 4. I live in London. 5. You may drive the car.
6. You must go. 7. I like the city. 8. We prefer to live in
the city. 9. I hate English. 10. I want to speak Russian.
11. I can drive a car. 12. I love it. 13. You may come. 14. I have
a house. 15. The house is big. 16. They have a red car.
17. It is a Mercedes. 18. It is beautiful. 19. The woman is
beautiful. 20. I am Russian.
381

20
1. Do we need a car [ : : :]? 2. Do I like
to drive the car [ :]? 3. Do you
live in the city [ ']? 4. Do I live in
London [ ']? 5. Do we like the city [
']? 6. Do they hate English [
']? 7. Do you want to speak Russian [
: ']? 8. Do they love it [ ]? 9. Do
I have a house [ ]? 10. Do we have a red
car [ :]?
22
1. Do they want to drive the car [
:]? Yes, they do [ ]. No, they dont [
]. 2. Does she need a house [ : :
]? Yes, she does [ : ]. No, she doesnt [
: ]. 3. Do I need to go [ : ]? Yes,
I do [ ]. No, I dont [ ]. 4. Does he
prefer to live in the house [ :
]? Yes, he does [ ]. No, he doesnt [
]. 5. Do we like to speak English [
: ']? Yes, we do [ ]. No, we dont
[ ]. 6. Do I hate to speak Russian [
: ']? Yes, I do [ ]. No, I dont
[ ]. 7. Do we love to live in the city [
']? Yes, we do [ ]. No,
we dont [ ]. 8. Does she want to have the car
[ :]? Yes, she does [ :
]. No, she doesnt [ : ]. 9. Does he need to
go [ : ]? Yes, he does [ ]. No,
382

he doesnt [ ]. 10. Do I want to have a house


[ ]? Yes, I do [ ]. No,
I dont [ ]. 11. Does she hate to drive the car
[ :]? Yes, she does [ :
]. No, she doesnt [ : ]. 12. Do we like to
speak English [ : ']? Yes, we
do [ ]. No, we dont [ ]. 13. Do they
want to come [ ]? Yes, they do [
]. No, they dont [ ].
23
1. Do you have a flat? Yes, I do [ ...
]. 2. Do you like to watch television? Yes, I do
[ '... ]. 3. Do you live
in the city? Yes, I do [ '...
]. 4. Does he drive a car? Yes, he does [
:... ]. 5. Does she like to speak English?
Yes, she does [ : '...
]. 6. Does she need a house? Yes, she does [
: ... ]. 7. Do you want to come?
Yes, I do [ ... ]. 8. Do you like
it? Yes, I do [ ... ]. 9. Does she
have a red Mercedes? Yes, she does [
:'... ]. 10. Does she want to speak over
the telephone? Yes, she does [ :
'... ].
25
1. My family [ ']. 2. Your family [: ']. 3. Our car [ :]. 4. Their car [ :]. 5. Her
383

daughter [ ':]. 6. His son [ ]. 7. Its name [


]. 8. Your flat [: ].
26
chiefs [:], feet [:], photos ['], rooms
[], girls [:], fathers [':], boys [], cars
[:], brothers ['], wives [], books [], buses
['], armies [':], ladies ['], days [],
plays [], flats [], telephones ['], men
[], sons [], women ['], potatoes ['],
daughters [':], mothers ['], videos ['],
knives [], roofs [], houses ['], cities ['], sisters ['], teeth [:], mice [], families
['], names [], husbands ['], children
['].
27
1. this, 2. that, 3. our, 4. my, 5. those, 6. these, 7. this,
8. their, 9. our, 10. those.
28
1. girls room [: :], 2. mans flat [ ],
3. womans house [' ], 4. husbands car [' :], 5. daughters telephone [': '],
6. familys house [' ], 7. sons name [ ],
8. wifes father [ ':], 9. mothers tooth ['
:], 10. sisters children [' '], 11. brothers
book [' ], 12. ladys photo [' '],
13. childs room [ ], 14. chiefs luggage [
'], 15. mens clothes [ ], 16. womens
384

teeth [' :], 17. childrens video [' '], 18. brothers knife [' ], 19. fathers feet
[': :], 20. ladies mice [' ].
29
1. This is my family [ ']. 2. I have
a father and a mother [ ': '].
3. My name is Jake [ ]. 4. My
daughter's name is Lorna [ ': :].
5. My parents are young [ ' : ]. 6. Her
parents live in Brighton [ ' '].
7. We have a house there [ ]. 8. I work
there [ : ]. 9. Her husband works in Africa [
' : ']. 10. He is a Canadian [
'].
31
1. May you have dinner? Yes, you may No, you
may not. 2. Is my name Jake? Yes, it is No, it isnt.
3. Is my daughters name Lorna? Yes, it is No, it isnt.
4. Are my parents young? Yes, they are No, they arent.
5. Can you have it? Yes, I can No, I cant. 6. Are her
parents in Brighton? Yes, they are No, they arent.
7. Are you in the house? Yes, I am No, I arent.
8. Am I in the city? Yes, you are No, you arent. 9. May
she do it? Yes, she may No, she may not. 10. Are her
husband and father in Africa? Yes, they are No, they
arent. 11. Is he a Canadian? Yes, he is No, he isnt.
12. Can we come? Yes, we can No, we cant. 13. Is
385

it a Mercedes? Yes, it is No, it isnt. 14. Are they


English? Yes, they are No, they arent. 15. Can they
live there? Yes, they can No, they cant.
32
1. are, 2. is, 3. is, 4. is, 5. is, 6. are, 7. are, 8. is, 9. is,
10. are.
33
1. No, there isnt. 2. Yes, there is. 3. Yes, there are.
4. Yes, there is. 5. Yes, there is. 6. Yes, he can. 7. Yes, he can.
8. No, he may not. 9. No, there isnt. 10. Yes, there is.
35:
Jake: Is there a TV set in the room [ ''
]?
Landlady: Of course [ :].
Jake: Is there much furniture [ ':]?
Landlady: No, very little [ ' ]. There is
a bed, a table, and a chair [
].
Jake: Is there a kitchen in the flat [ '
]?
Landlady: Sure [].
Jake: Can I cook meals there [ :
]?
Landlady: There is a gas stove there [ ]. You can have breakfast and lunch in the kitchen
[ ' '].
386

Jake: Is there a bath in the flat [ :


]?
Landlady: No, there is a shower in the flat [
].
Jake: OK. I take the room [ ].
37
1. any, 2. some, 3. no, 4. some, 5. any, 6. any, 7. some,
8. any, 9. no, 10. any.
38
1. few. 2. a few. 3. little. 4. a little. 5. a few. 6. little. 7.
few. 8. a little. 9. little. 10. a few.
39
1. many, 2. many, 3. much, 4. much, 5. many, 6. much,
7. many, 8. much, 9. much, 10. many.
40
1. There are few people in the city [: : :
'].
2. Are there many people in the city [: '
: ']?
3. There are few children in the street [: :
' :].
4. Are there any children in the street [: ' ' :]?
5. There is a little tea in the cup [ :
].
387

6. Is there any tea in the cup [ ' :


]?
7. Are there any mice in the house [: '
]?
8. There are a few potatoes in the box [: :
' ].
9. There are few potatoes in the box [: :
' ].
10. There are many potatoes in the box [: '
' ].
11. Is there any milk in the jug [ '
]?
12. Is there much milk in the jug [
]?
13. There is a lot of milk in the jug [
].
14. There is little milk in the jug [
].
15. Is there any furniture in the house [ '
': ]?
16. There is little furniture in the house [
': ].
17. There is much furniture in the house [
': ].
18. Is there any sugar on the table [ ' '
]?
19. Is there much sugar on the table [ '
]?
20. There is much sugar on the table [ '
].
388

43
1. to, 2. walk, 3. get, 4. across, 5. off, 6. round, 7. go,
8. right.
44
1c, 2e, 3b, 4d, 5a.
45
1. Walk there. 2. Get on a bus. 3. Get off the bus.
4. Get a taxi. 5. Take it. 6. Turn right. 7. Turn left.
8. Thank the cabman.
46
1.
Do I get to the city centre by bus?
Who gets to the city centre by bus?
What do I do?
Where do I get by bus?
How do I get to the city centre?
2.
Can I walk there?
Who can walk there?
What can I do?
Where can I walk?
3.
Do I hate it?
Who hates it?
What do I hate?
389

4.
Is the bus stop across the square?
What is across the square?
Where is the bus stop?
5.
Do I go six stops?
Who goes six stops?
What do I do?
How many stops do I go?
6.
Do I get on the bus here?
Who gets on the bus here?
What do I do?
What do I get on here?
Where do I get on the bus?
7.
Do I get off at Central Park?
Who gets off at Central Park?
What do I do at Central Park?
Where do I get off?
8.
Is the taxi stand behind the corner?
What is behind the corner?
Where is the taxi stand?
390

9.
Is it near the Post Office building?
What is near the Post Office building?
Where is it?
10.
Do I drive along Highgate Street?
Who drives along Highgate Street?
What do I do?
Where do I drive?
11.
Do I turn left?
Who turns left?
Where do I turn?
12.
Is there the city centre straight ahead of you?
Where is the city centre?
What is straight ahead of you?
47
1.
Who watches television?
What does Jake do?
What does Jake watch?
2.
Who walks along the street?
What does Jane do?
391

Where does Jane walk?


3.
Who drives the car?
Whose father drives the car?
What does my father do?
What does my father drive?
4.
Who lives in Canada?
Whose mother lives in Canada?
What does my mother do in Canada?
Where does my mother live?
5.
Who likes English tea?
What do I do?
What do I like?
What tea do I like?
6.
Who stands near the building?
What does the girl do?
Where does the girl stand?
7.
Who lives in the house?
What does the boy do?
Where does the boy live?
392

8.
What is there on the table?
Where is sugar?
How much sugar is there on the table?
9.
Who is there in the street?
Where are people?
How many people are there in the street?
10.
What is near the table?
Where is the TV box?
48
How can I get to Central Park [
' :]?
You can get there by taxi [
'].
And where is the taxi stand [ '
]?
It is across the street [ ' :].
You can get there by bus, too [
:].
Where is the stop [ ]?
It is behind the corner [ ' ':].
And can I walk there [ : ]?
Of course [ :]. Go along Highgate Street,
then turn left, and then turn right [ ' '
: : : ]. There is the Post
393

ffice [ ]. Central Park is behind


the Post ffice [ ' : '
].
Thanks []!
50
1. show, 2. train, 3. want, 4. suburbs, 5. there, 6. round,
7. take, 8. about, 9. welcome.
51
1d, 2g, 3b, 4f, 5c, 6a, 7e.
52
1. Officer! Can you tell me the way to Greenford
['... ':]?
2. I want to take the train [
].
3. Do you want to go to the country [
']?
4. My house is in the suburbs [
':].
5. His house is near the Brighton Bridge [
' ].
6. Is it far from here [ : ]?
7. You can get there by bus [ ].
8. Which bus do I take [ ]?
9. The taxi stand is round the corner [ '
':].
10. How long does it take me to get to Greenford [
':]?
394

54
1. help, 2. you, 3. pullover, 4. wide, 5. different, 6. size,
7. quite, 8. on, 9. fitting, 10. fits, 11. too, 12. got, 13. fine,
14. see.
55
1d, 2f, 3c, 4g, 5b, 6h, 7a, 8e.
56
1.
Who has got a room in our flat?
What have they got in our flat?
Where have they got a room?
2.
Who has got a house in this street?
What have we got in this street?
Where have we got a house?
3.
Who has got a telephone in my car?
What have I got in my car?
Where have I got a telephone?
4.
Who has got a TV box in my kitchen?
What have I got in my kitchen?
Where have I got a TV box?
395

5.
Who has got a sister in the army?
Who has she got in the army?
Where has she got a sister?
6.
Who has got a knife on the table?
What have I got on the table?
Where have I got a knife?
7.
Who has got some furniture in the dining-room?
What have we got in the dining-room?
How much furniture have we got in the dining-room?
Where have we got some furniture?
8.
Who has got some jam on the table?
What have I got on the table?
How much jam have I got on the table?
Where have I got some jam?
9.
Who has got some milk in the jug?
What has she got in the jug?
How much milk has she got in the jug?
Where has she got some milk?
396

10.
Who has got plenty of pullovers here?
What have we got here?
How many pullovers have we got here?
Where have we got plenty of pullovers?

58
1. six thousand one hundred (and) fifty four; nine thousand seventy four; fifty four thousand two hundred seventy
four; twenty one; nine hundred ninety nine thousand nine
hundred ninety seven; eight hundred one; sixty seven; forty
five; ninety three; twelve; one; seven thousand three hundred fifty; seventy eight; nine hundred eighty four, one hundred thousand twenty three; seventy six; twenty four; four.
2.
1. six thousand one hundred fifty fourth; nine thousand
seventy fourth; fifty four thousand two hundred seventy
fourth; twenty first; nine hundred ninety nine thousand nine
hundred ninety seventh; eight hundred first; sixty seventh;
forty fifth; ninety third; twelfth; first; seven thousand three
hundred fiftieth; seventy eighth; nine hundred eighty fourth,
one hundred thousand twenty third; seventy sixth; twenty
fourth; fourth.
60
:
1. colder 2. younger 3. older 4. more difficult 5. better
6. farther 7. worse 8. more beautiful 9. weaker 10. less 11. easier
397

12. nearer 13. stronger 14. later 15. more interesting 16. greater 17. quicker 18. more important 19. warmer 20. happier
21. earlier 22. deeper 23. larger 24. hotter 25. longer 26. simpler 27. thinner 28. more 29. wider 30. smaller 31. more.
:
1. the coldest 2. the youngest 3. the oldest 4. the
most difficult 5. the best 6. the farthest 7. the worst 8. the
most beautiful 9. the weakest 10. the least 11. the easiest
12. the nearest 13. the strongest 14. the latest 15. the most
interesting 16. the greatest 17. the quickest 18. the most
important 19. the warmest 20. the happiest 21. the earliest
22. the deepest 23. the largest 24. the hottest 25. the longest
26. the simplest 27. the thinnest 28. the most 29. the widest
30. the smallest 31. the most.
62
1. This work is more difficult than that one. 2. Room
five is better than room six. 3. This girl is more beautiful
than that one. 4. Jake is stronger than I am. 5. This house is
larger than my house. 6. This river is wider than the Volga.
7. This street is longer than that one. 8. This book is more
interesting than that one. 9. It is hotter in Italy than it is
in Russia. 10. I am older than you are.
63
1. This house is the worst of all in the city. 2. I am the
weakest of all in the hospital. 3. This room is the coldest in
the house. 4. This sea is the deepest of all. 5. This version
of the computer is the latest. 6. He is the greatest of all the
people I know. 7. My house is the nearest to the station.
398

8. His car is the quickest of all. 9. This country is the


warmest. 10. This man is most important.
64
1. I am as strong as John is [
].
2. I am stronger than John [ ' ].
3. John is the strongest in the class [ ' :].
4. This room is as cold as that one [ :
].
5. This room is the coldest of all [ : ' :].
6. My house is as large as your house [
: : ].
7. My house is larger than your house [
': : ].
8. My house is the largest in the city [
': ].
9. Mary is as old as Jake [ ].
10. Mary is older than Jake [ '
].
11. Jake is the oldest in the class [ '
:].
12. This book is as interesting as that one [
' ].
13. This book is more interesting than that one [
: ' ].
14. This book is the most interesting [
'].
399

65
A [ : ': ] , ?
B [ ':] , .
A [ : ] , ?
B [ ' ] ,
, , . [ ':]
.
A [ : ] ,
?
B [ ': : ...
: ':] , ,
. .
A [ ']
, ?
B [ ] ,
, .
67
1. lovely, 2. try, 3. fit, 4. very, 5. match, 6. better, 7. can,
8. pair, 9. cost, 10. pounds, 11. small, 12. look.
68
1d, 2g, 3b, 4h, 5c, 6i, 7e, 8j, 9f, 10a.
69
1. Look, Jake! What a lovely pair of jeans [ ...
' ' :]!
2. Its not my size, and I dont like the colour [
'].
400

3. Arent they good [: ]?


4. They are much larger than my old ones [ :
': ].
5. How much do they cost [ ]?
(How much are they [ : ]?)
6. How much does this pair of jeans cost [
' : ]? (How much is this pair
of jeans [ ' :]?)
7. These shoes match your jacket [: :
: '].
8. These shoes dont fit me [: :
].
9. I need a larger size [ : : ]. Give
me that jacket [ '].
10. I need less expensive jeans [ : '
:].

71
1. People are in the city. 2. There is a little tea in
the cup. 3. There are a few mice under the table. 4. The
potatoes are near the box. 5. The potatoes are behind the
box. 6. There is some milk in the jar. 7. There is some
sugar on the table. 8. Jane walks across the street.
9. My father drives the car through the city. 10. My mother
goes to Canada. 11. The girl stands near the building.
12. I take sugar out of the table. 13. The TV box is
above the table. 14. We have got a house behind the park.
15. I have got a telephone in my car.
401

73
1. to, 2. speaking, 3. out, 4. pity, 5. moment,
6. through, 7. matter, 8. home, 9. unwell, 10. sneezing,
11. headache, 12. half.
74
1b, 2e, 3h, 4c, 5g, 6i, 7a, 8j, 9d,
10f.
75
1. Can I speak to Doctor Morgan [ : :
' ':]?
2. And who is speaking [ ':]?
3. Unfortunately, Doctor Morgan is out [': ' ': ].
4. Thats a pity [ ']!
5. Hold on a moment, please [ '
:].
6. I hear his car [ :].
7. Im putting you through [ :].
8. Whats the matter [ ']?
9. My wife is unwell [ '].
10. Shes running a high temperature [ '
'].
11. Has she got a headache [ ']?
12. She must have a flu [ :].
13. I am coming in half an hour [ '
: ].
402

77
1. I am living in London with my parents now. 2. We
are speaking Russian at present. 3. She is watching TV at
home now. 4. He is driving his car at the moment. 5. He is
showing me his house at present. 6. They are trying jeans on
now. 7. She is wearing her jacket at present. 8. I am calling
him from London at the moment. 9. You are running to the
station now. 10. She is coughing at present.
78
1. At present I am speaking to Mr Brown [ '
': ' '].
2. She is watching TV now [ ' ''
].
3. At present he is driving his car [ '
' :].
4. We are showing her our house [: : '
: ].
5. At the moment they are looking at us [ ' : ' ].
6. She is wearing new jeans now [ '
: ].
7. We are calling you from London [: : ':
'].
8. At present he is coughing and sneezing [ '
' ':].
9. She is putting me through at the moment [
' '].
10. We are thinking about you now [: : '
' ].
403

79
1.
Who is living in London with my parents now?
What am I doing in London now?
Where am I living with my parents now?
Who am I living in London with now?
2.
Who is speaking Russian at present?
What are we doing at present?
What language are we speaking at present?
3.
Who is watching TV at home now?
What is she doing at home now?
What is she watching at home now?
Where is she watching TV now?
4.
Who is driving his car at the moment?
What is he doing at the moment?
What is he driving at the moment?
5.
Who is showing me his house at present?
What is he doing at present?
What is he showing (to) me at present?
Who is he showing his house (to) at present?
404

6.
Who is trying jeans on now?
What are they doing now?
What are they trying on now?
7.
Who is wearing her jacket at present?
What is she doing at present?
What is she wearing at present?
Whose jacket is she wearing at present?
8.
Who is calling him from London at the moment?
What am I doing at the moment?
Who am I calling from London at the moment?
Where am I calling him from at the moment?
9.
Who is running to the station now?
What are you doing now?
Where are you running?
10.
Who is coughing at present?
What is she doing at present?
80
1. What am I doing now? 2. What are you doing now?
3. What is she doing now? 4. What are we doing now?
5. What are they doing now? 6. Who is speaking to Mr
405

Brown now? 7. Who am I speaking to now? 8. Who is he


speaking to now? 9. Who is watching TV now? 10. What
are they watching now? 11. Who is driving the car now?
12. Whose car is he driving now? 13. Who is showing us
his house now? 14. Whose house is he showing us now?
15. Who is she looking at now? 16. Who are they looking
at now? 17. Who is looking at us now? 18. Who is calling
me from London now? 19. Who is calling me from London
now? 20. Where is he calling me now from? 21. What is
he doing in London now? 22. Who are you thinking about
now? 23. Who is thinking about you now? 24. What are
they thinking about now? 25. What are you thinking about
now?
82
1. prescription, 2. aspirin, 3. unwell, 4. pills, 5. drops,
6. say, 7. sleeping, 8. problema, 9. without, 10. settle.
83
1c, 2e, 3g, 4b, 5i, 6f, 7h, 8d, 9a.
84
1. You cant have sedatives without a prescription.
2. I could settle this over the phone. 3. Unfortunately, we
dont have these nosedrops in right now. 4. Could you
come, say, in an hour? 5. Well have them prepared for you.
6. I need nosedrops, and, maybe, some aspirin. 7. ould
I have some sedatives? 8. Here are your pills. 9. I have
problems with my sleep. 10. Excuse me, could I have this
prescription filled?
406

85
1. or, 2. and, 3. but, 4. or, 5. and, 6. but, 7. and,
8. but, 9. but, 10. or.

86
1. Its Jake Brown, from Argyle Road, 118. 2. Doctor
Morgan is out at the moment. 3. Hold on a moment, please.
4. Im putting you through. 5. I am calling from home.
6. I am coming in half an hour. 7. I am living in London
with my parents now. 8. We are speaking Russian at present.
9. She is watching TV at home now. 10. He is driving his
car at the moment. 11. They are trying jeans on now.
12. I am calling him from London at the moment. 13. You
are running to the station now. 14. At present I am speaking
to Mr Brown. 15. At the moment they are looking at us.
16. We are thinking about you now. 17. These drops are
for my wife. 18. We dont have these drops in right now.
19. Could you come, say, in a couple of hours? 20. You
cant have those without a prescription.

89
1. mind, 2. start, 3. wonder, 4. menu, 5. cucumber,
carrots, 6. pure, 7. main, 8. so, 9. vegetarian, 10. hates,
11. allergic, 12. salmon, 13. waiter, 14. please.

90
1d, 2c, 3f, 4h, 5a, 6e, 7b, 8g.
407

91
1. What do you want? 2. Have you made up you mind?
3. I could start with meat. 4. I want a vegetable salad, four
in a bowl. 5. I love cocumber and tomatoes. 6. I hate pure
food. 7. What do you want for the main course? 8. Fish is
so unhealthy! 9. I am allergic to meat. 10. I could do with
some salmon. 11. I prefer fish and chips. 12. Waiter! Could
you come over here?
93
1. can you? 2. couldnt I? 3. do we? 4. could I? 5. dont
we? 6. dont I? 7. couldnt she? 8. do I? 9. dont I?
10. couldnt they? 11. arent I? 12. dont we? 13. isnt she?
14. doesnt he? 15. mustnt he? 16. cant they? 17. isnt she?
18. dont I? 19. dont you? 20. isnt she?
95
1. have, 2. has, 3. have, 4. has, 5. have, 6. has, 7. has,
8. have, 9. has, 10. have.
96
1. Have I given you your pills yet? Yes, I have. No,
I havent.
2. Have they bought these drops right now? Yes, they
have. No, they havent.
3. Has Mary just come? Yes, she has. No, she
hasnt.
4. Have they prepared them for you? Yes, they have.
No, they havent.
408

5. Have we bought any sleeping pills? Yes, we have.


No, we havent.
6. Has Jake had problems with his sleep? Yes, he has.
No, he hasnt.
7. Has the doctor already given me those without
a prescription? Yes, he has. No, he hasnt.
8. Have I just given you your doctors telephone
number? Yes, I have. No, I havent.
9. Has she settled this over the phone yet? Yes, she
has. No, she hasnt.
10. Has Doctor Morgan just called me? Yes, he has.
No, he hasnt.

97
1.
Who has already made up her mind?
What has Jane already done?
When has Jane made up her mind?
2.
Who has started with a salad?
What have we done?
What have we started with?
3.
Who has put there cucumber and tomatoes?
What have they put there?
Where have they put cucumber and tomatoes?
409

4.
Who has taken fish for the main course?
What have we done?
What have we taken for the main course?
What have we taken fish for?
5.
Who has been a vegetarian recently?
What have I been recently?
When have I been a vegetarian?
6.
Who has eaten a lot of meat?
What has Jane done?
What has Jane eaten?
How much meat has Jane eaten?
7.
Who has ordered some salmon and chips?
What have they done?
What have they ordered?
How much salmon and fish have they ordered?
8.
Who has preferred a good steak with vegetables?
What have we done?
What have we preferred?
What steak have we preferred?
What have we preferred a good steak with?
410

9.
Who has called the waiter?
What has she done?
Whom has she called?
10.
Who has come over here?
What has the waiter done?
Where has the waiter come?
98
1. I have just shown you the way to the station.
2. I have always wanted to go to the country. 3. She has got
there by cab. 4. We have taken bus seven. 5. It has taken
me about twenty minutes to get to the station. 6. I have just
helped you. 7. What have you done? 8. I havent bought
a pullover yet. 9. But I have already bought a T-shirt.
10. Have you shown Mike those? 11. How many pullovers
of different kinds have you bought? 12. What shoes has she
tried on? 13. Have you seen the fitting room? 14. What
jeans have you seen? 15. What sizes have we already taken
a look at?
99
1. I think I could start with a salad. 2. And what do
you want for the main course? 3. Youre allergic to seafood,
arent you? 4. I could do with some salmon and chips.
5. I prefer a good steak with vegetables. 6. Could you
come over here, please? 7. You cant have sedatives without
a prescription. 8. What sizes have we already taken a look
411

at? 9. She has got there by cab. 10. I couldnt come in


an hour. 11. We have them prepared for you. 12. I have
problems with my sleep. 13. I am living in London with
my parents now. 14. She is watching TV at home now.
15. They can try these jeans on. 16. She is wearing her
jacket at present. 17. I call him from London now and then.
18. You run to the station. 19. She is coughing at present.
20. Have you made up your mind?
101
1. God, 2. umbrella, 3. raining, 4. weather, 5. anything, 6. going, 7. mistake, 8. either, 9. through, 10. Lets,
11. run, 12. get.
102
1d, 2f, 3b, 4h, 5c, 6g, 7a, 8e.
103
1. Have you taken your umbrella? 2. It was OK. when
we got to the restaurant. 3. I didnt listen to the weather
forecast. 4. What did they say about the weather? 5. We
made a mistake. 6. You had to take either an umbrella or
a raincoat. 7. Lets run and get a taxi. 8. Stay here.
105
1. Was this my family? 2. Did I have a father and
a mother? 3. Did my family live in Brighton? 4. Could
my daughter read English? 5. Was there little furniture
in the room? 6. Was there an armchair and a table in
front of the TV box? 7. Could I have some biscuits and jam?
412

8. Did Jake want any sugar? 9. Did we like to drink tea with
sugar? 10. Did Jane want to have any milk with her tea?
11. Was there a little milk in the milk jug? 12. Did Jake
get on the bus at the bus stop? 13. Might he get off the
bus at Central Park? 14. Was the city centre behind the
corner? 15. Did I leave my parents near the Post Office
building?

106
1.
Who drove along Highgate Street?
What did we do?
What street did we drive along?
2.
Who turned left at Central Park?
What did Jake do at Central Park?
Where did Jake turn left?
3.
What was straight ahead of me?
Where was the city centre?
Who was the city centre straight ahead of?
4.
Who lived in Brighton?
Whose parents lived in Brighton?
What did her parents do in Brighton?
Where did her parents live?
413

5.
Who had a house in the country?
What did we do in the country?
What did we have in the country?
Where did we have a house?
6.
Who worked there from five to nine?
What did I do there from five to nine?
Where did I work from five to nine?
When did I work there?
7.
Who could have dinner at the restaurant in the evening?
What could I do at the restaurant in the evening?
What could I have at the restaurant in the evening?
Where could I have my dinner in the evening?
When could I have my dinner at the restaurant?
8.
Who could have breakfast in the room or in the kitchen?
What could she do in the room or in the kitchen?
What could she have in the room or in the kitchen?
Where could she have her breakfast?
9.
Who might cook meals there?
What might Jane do there?
What might Jane cook there?
Where might Jane cook her meals?
414

10.
What was there?
Where was the gas stove?
11.
What was there in the tea-pot?
Where was some tea?
12.
Who could get to the city centre by bus?
What could we do?
Where could we get to by bus?
How could we get to the city centre?
107
1. He couldnt tell me the way to the railway station,
could he? 2. We wanted to take the train to Greenford,
didnt we? 3. You didnt want to go to the country, did you?
4. The railway station was in the suburbs, wasnt it? 5. We
were near the Brighton Bridge, werent we? 6. They could
get there by cab or by bus, couldnt they? 7. The bus stop
was round the corner, wasnt it? 8. It took me an hour to
get to the station, didnt it? 9. The city centre was straight
ahead of me, wasnt it? 10. Her parents lived in London,
didnt they?
108
1. My father couldnt read Russian. 2. There was a lot
of furniture in the room. 3. There were three chairs and
415

a TV box in front of the table. 4. Jake wanted some biscuits.


5. How much furniture was there in the room? 6. Could
I have some biscuits and jam? 7. Her parents lived in Brighton.
8. We had a house in the city centre. 9. Jake worked from
six to nine. 10. I could have breakfast at the restaurant.
11. I might cook my meals in the kitchen. 12. They didnt
want to go to the country, did they? 13. The bus station was
in the suburbs, wasnt it? 14. They were near the Brighton
Bridge. 15. We could get there by cab, couldnt we? 16. It
took me half an hour to get to the station.
109
1. I am going to take either meat or fish. 2. I like
neither cucumber nor tomatoes. 3. I am allergic either to
sugar or to jam. 4. I could do with either salmon or chips.
5. Could I speak to either Doctor Morgan or Doctor
Brown? 6. I want to buy either a car or a house in the centre
of the city. 7. You can go there either by cab or by train.
8. I want to go neither to Spain nor to Paris. 9. He is neither
a man nor a woman. 10. I am going to buy either a T-shirt
or a pullover.
111
1. couple, 2. been, 3. weatherman, 4. Lets, 5. fine,
6. temperature, 7. returned, 8. rather, 9. know, 10. capital.
112
1e, 2g, 3c, 4i, 5h, 6a, 7f, 8b, 9d.
416

113
1. Weve got a couple of weeks to go to Spain. 2. Lets
go somewhere! 3. I havent been to Paris. 4. Its raining in
Paris now. 5. The weather is fine there. 6. The temperature
is about twenty above zero. 7. My brother has just returned
from a business trip. 8. The weather is rather good in Russia.
9. There is too much snow in Russia. 10. Moscow is in
the North Pole, isnt it? 11. I havent heard about that.
12. I have always dreamt about going there. 13. Call your
travelling agent!
115
1. I have just shown you the way to the station.
2. I gave you your drops in the morning. 3. They have
bought these drops right now. 4. Mary came at six. 5. They
have already prepared them for you. 6. We bought some
sleeping pills yesterday. 7. Jake had problems with his
sleep last week. 8. The doctor gave me the sedatives
without a prescription the day before yesterday. 9. I have
always wanted to go to the country. 10. She has already
got there by cab. 11. We took bus seven yesterday.
12. It took me about twenty minutes to get to the station
the day before yesterday. 13. I have just helped you.
14. Have you done it yet? 15. I have not bought a pullover
yet. 16. Jane bought a T-shirt a week ago. 17. Have you
shown Mike those jeans yet? 18. How many pullovers of
different kinds have you already seen? 19. I gave you your
doctors telephone number yesterday. 20. She has already
settled this over the phone. 21. Doctor Morgan called me
417

in the morning. 22. What shoes did she try on yesterday?


23. Have you seen the fitting room yet? 24. What jeans
have you seen just now? 25. What did we take a look at
when we were at the boutique?
116
1. It was OK when we got to the restaurant. 2. Did you
listen to the weather forecast? 3. They didnt say anything
about the rain. 4. I am going to get wet through. 5. There
is a taxi stand over there. 6. I cannot run after such
a substantial meal. 7. I am going to get a taxi for you. 8. Have
you taken your umbrella with you? 9. Weve got a couple
of weeks this month to take a good rest. 10. Have you been
to Paris? 11. The weatherman said over TV yesterday its
raining in Paris now. 12. The temperature is about thirty
above zero. 13. My brother Mike has just returned from
a business trip to Russia. 14. Moscow is the capital of Siberia.
15. I havent heard about that. 16. I have always dreamt
about going to the North Pole. 17. There was an armchair
and a table in front of the TV box. 18. We liked to drink
tea with sugar. 19. He might get off the bus at Central Park.
20. The city centre was behind the corner.
118
1. tonight, 2. extra, 3. midnight, 4. snack, 5. steak,
6. diet, 7. over, 8. am afraid.
119
1d, 2g, 3i, 4b, 5h, 6e, 7c, 8a, 9f.
418

121
1. Will there be any tea in the cup? 2. Will there be any
mice in the house? 3. My daughters name will be Lorna.
4. Will there be any sugar on the table? 5. My parents will be
young. 6. Her husband and father will be in Africa. 7. I will be
stronger than John. 8. I will want want to take the train. 9. My
house will be in the suburbs. 10. There will be a few potatoes
in the box. 11. His house will be near the Brighton bridge.
12. Which bus will I take? 13. The taxi stand will be round
the corner. 14. How long will it take me to get to Greenford?
15. This room will be as cold as that one. 16. My house will be
larger than your house. 17. There will be few children in the
street. 18. Her parents will be in Brighton. 19. There will be
a little tea in the cup. 20. Will there be any milk in the jar?
122
1.
Who will start with a vegetable salad?
What will Jane do?
What will Jane start with?
What kind of salad will Jane start with?
2.
Who will put cucumber, tomatoes, carrots and onion
there?
What will the waiter do?
What will the waiter put there?
3.
Who will take meat for the main course?
419

What will I do?


What will I take?
What course will I take meat for?
4.
Who will be a vegetarian?
What will Jane be?
5.
Who will eat some salmon and chips?
What will Jake do?
What will Jake eat?
6.
Who will prefer a good steak with vegetables?
What will he do?
What will he prefer?
What will he prefer a good steak with?
7.
Who will come over here?
What will the waiter do?
Where will the waiter come over?
8.
Who will give you your pills?
What will the doctor do?
What will the doctor give you?
Whose pills will the doctor give you?
420

9.
Who will buy these drops at the druggist?
What will she do?
What will she buy?
What drops will she buy at the druggist?
Where will she buy these drops?
10.
Who will cook salmon for Jake?
What will Jane do?
What will Jane cook?
Who will Jane cook salmon for?
123
1. They will prepare the pills for you as soon as you give
them the prescription. 2. I will sleep well after I buy sleeping
pills. 3. Jake will have problems with his sleep until he buys
some sedative. 4. When the doctor takes my temperature,
he will write me the prescription. 5. I will give you my
doctors telephone number when you ask me. 6. After
I settle this over the phone, I will tell you. 7. Doctor Morgan
will call me before he comes. 8. I will have breakfast at
the restaurant when I have time. 9. When I find a room,
I can cook my meals in the kitchen. 10. They will go to the
country when they find a house there.
125
1. tonight, 2. movies, 3. really, 4. video, 5. version,
6. booked, 7. tickets, 8. computers, 9. fed, 10. change.
421

126
1e, 2b, 3h, 4a, 5d, 6f, 7c, 8g.
127
1.Where would you like to go out? 2.We could have
dinner at home. 3. Lets go to the movies. 4. I saw a new
version of this film. 5. Have you seen Gone with the Wind
on a large screen? 6. I havent booked the seats yet. 7. We
will easily buy the tickets before the show. 8. Very few people
go to the cinema now. 9. They all have computers. 10. I am
fed up with the video.
129
1. similar, 2. the same, 3. alike, 4. as, 5. different from,
6. differs from, 7. the same as, 8. doesnt differ from,
9. like, 10. the same as.

130
1. Are you coming to dinner tonight? 2. I suppose
I will be home by midnight. 3. Ive cooked a good steak with
potatoes and onions. 4. Will you have it after midnight?
5. I am on a diet. 6. It will be over around midnight.
7. Shall I take it along with me? 8. My house is in the suburbs.
9. His house is near the Brighton bridge. 10. The taxi stand
is round the corner. 11. We could have dinner at Holiday
Inn and then go to the movies. 12. Id love to see something
really good on a large screen. 13. Im fed up with that video
422

of ours. 14. Theres a new version of Gone with the Wind


on. 15. We could easily buy the tickets before the show.
16. Ill go up and change. 17. Where would you like to go
out? 18. I saw a new version of this film. 19. After I settle
this over the phone, I will tell you. 20. Doctor Morgan will
call me before he comes.
132
1. birthday, 2. week, 3. Thursday, 4. day before yesterday,
5. notebook, 6. left, 7. forgot, 8. reminded, 9. remember,
10. happened.
133
1d, 2f, 3b, 4g, 5c, 6e, 7a.
134
1. Have you forgotten about it? 2. It is going to be in
a week. 3. Oh, God! 4. I reminded you about it yesterday.
5. What are you watching on the TV box? 6. Have you seen
my notebook? 7. Where have I left it? 8. I forget everything.
9. I reminded you about it many times. 10. Some wives
have such good memories that they remember things that
never happened.
135
1. I saw Jake at five past eleven p.m. on Tuesday, the
thirteenth of October, in nineteen ninety-six.
2. I saw Jake at a quarter past five p.m. on Wednesday,
the first of May, in two thousand three.
423

3. I saw Jake at midnight on Friday, the sixth of June,


in eighteen fifty four.
4. I saw Jake at noon on Thursday, the thirty first of
December, in nineteen forty seven.
5. I saw Jake at half past seven a.m. on Sunday, the
twenty sixth of January, in nineteen eighty three.
6. I saw Jake at five past nine p.m., on Monday, the
eighth of April, in nineteen fifty-three.
7. I saw Jake at five past midnight on Saturday, the
eleventh of July, in two thousand.
8. I saw Jake at twenty five to noon on Monday, the
twelfth of September, in nineteen eighty-six.
9. I saw Jake at a quarter to four a.m. on Sunday, the
twenty fifth of November, in sixteen twenty four.
10. I saw Jake at six p.m. on Wednesday, the second of
February, in two thousand one.
136
1. were, 2. was, 3. were, 4. was, 5. were, 6. was, 7. was,
8. was, 9. were, 10. was.
137
1.
Who was having some milk with her tea?
What was Jane doing?
What was Jane having?
What was Jane having some milk with?
How much milk was Jane having with her tea?
Whose tea was Jane having?
424

2.
Who was waiting for the bus at the bus stop?
What was Jake doing?
What was Jake waiting for?
Where was Jake waiting for the bus?
3.
Who was talking to my parents at the Post Office
building?
What was I doing?
Who was I talking to?
Where was I talking to my parents?
What building was I talking to my parents at?
Whose parents was I talking to at the Post Office
building?
4.
Who was going to take either meat or fish?
What were we going to do?
What were we going to take?
5.
Who was eating cucumber and tomatoes?
What was she doing?
What was she eating?
6.
Who was speaking to Doctor Morgan?
What were my parents doing?
Who were my parents speaking to?
425

7.
Who was buying a house in the centre of the city?
What was Mike doing?
What was Mike buying?
Where was Mike buying a house?
8.
Who was going there by train?
What were we doing?
Where were we going?
How were we going there?
9.
Who was taking my temperature?
What was Doctor Brown doing?
What was Doctor Brown taking?
Whose temperature was Doctor Brown taking?
10.
Who was going to buy either a T-shirt or a pullover?
What was I doing?
What was I going to buy?
138:
1. I was having a good rest in Canada. 2. I was going
to France. 3. It was raining in Paris. 4. What was the
weatherman saying when I came? 5. Was it raining the day
before yesterday? 6. It was snowing last month. 7. We were
dreaming about going to Siberia. 8. What was your touring
agent telling you? 9. What were you eating at the restaurant
yesterday? 10. Who were your parents speaking to?
426

139
1.
What had there been in the house?
How many mice had there been in the house?
Where had there been a lot of mice?
2.
Who had had a lot of sugar on the table before you
came?
What had we had on the table before you came?
How much sugar had we had on the table before you
came?
Where had we had a lot of sugar before you came?
When had we had a lot of sugar on the table?
3.
How long had it taken me to get to Greenford?
Where had it taken me about an hour to get?
4.
Who had had dinner at Holiday Inn before they went
to the cinema?
Where had they had dinner before they went to the
cinema?
Where did they go after they had had dinner at Holiday
Inn?
5.
What had already begun when we got to the cinema?
427

Who got to the cinema after the film had already begun?
When had the film already begun?
6.
Who had got fed up with that video of hers before
she wanted to see something really good on a large screen?
What had Jane got fed up with before she wanted to see
something really good on a large screen?
What did Jane want to see after she had got fed up with
that video of hers?
What did Jane want to see on a large screen after she had
got fed up with that video of hers?
7.
Who had booked the seats before you called?
What had I booked before you called?
When had I booked the seats?
8.
Who had bought the tickets before the show began?
What had Jane bought before the show began?
When had Jane bought the tickets?
9.
Who had bought a video in the shop?
What had Jane bought in the shop?
Where had Jane bought a video?
10.
Who had called the booking office before she went up
and changed?
428

What office had Jane called before she went up and


changed?
When had Jane called the booking office?
140
1. They prepared the pills for you after I had given
them the prescription. 2. I slept well after I had bought
sleeping pills. 3. Jake had had problems with his sleep before
he bought some sedative. 4. After the doctor had taken
my temperature, he wrote me the prescription. 5. I gave
you my doctors telephone number after you had asked
me. 6. After I had settled this over the phone, I told you.
7. Doctor Morgan had called me before he came. 8. I had
my breakfast at the restaurant after I had booked the seats for
the movie. 9. After I had found a room, I wrote a letter to my
parents. 10. They went to the country after they had found
a house there.
141
1. I forgot about your birthday after you had reminded
me about it many times. 2. My birthday was on the twenty
fourth of July, Wednesday, after I had returned from Canada.
3. He went to the shop after he had watched TV. 4. I forgot
about her birthday after I had written the date in my notebook.
5. After I had left my notebook somewhere, I didnt remember
anything. 6. After it had happened, I never called London.
7. Before Jake called Jane, he had taken his temperature.
8. They had had dinner at Savoy before they took train
to London. 9. The film had already begun when they got to
the cinema. 10. After I had got fed up with the computer,
I bought a video.
429

142
1. take, 2. to go, 3. to listen, 4. say, 5. return, 6. to be,
7. run, 8. to stand, 9. to find, 10. to call.
143
1. I believe you to make a mistake. 2. I want you to
take a train to London. 3. I know Jane to hate the heat.
4. I saw your brother Mike come home. 5. Jane expects
the weather to be fine in Siberia. 6. I consider him to be
a good cook. 7. We watched the ship leaving the port.
8. I heard him arrive yesterday. 9. We noticed Jake to be in
red. 10. Jake believes Jane to want it.
144
1. I see what you are doing there. 2. Jake doesnt
know why Doctor Morgan is out at the moment. 3. The
receptionist believes that Jake Brown lives at Argyle Road,
118. 4. Jake advises me how I can call home from the
station. 5. Jane expects that the doctor will come soon.
6. The druggist wants to know what Jake needs. 7. Doctor
Brown wants to know how he can settle this matter. 8. Jane
heard that Jake was a vegetarian. 9. I dont know why meat is
so unhealthy! 10. Jake told the druggist that he needed some
aspirin and some nosedrops.
145
1. The receptionist hears that Doctors car is coming.
2. The receptionist doesnt know how she can put Jake
through.
3. Mr Brown says to the doctor that he is calling from
home.
430

4. The doctor doesnt know how he can write it in the


prescription.
5. Jake doesnt know why his wife is unwell.
6. He says to the doctor that shes also sneezing and
coughing.
7. The druggist believes that they dont have those drops
in right now.
8. The druggist says to Jake why he cant have those pills
without a prescription.
9. Jane says to Jake that she hates meat.
10. The doctor wants to know why Jane is allergic to
sea-food.
146
1. Have you forgotten about my birthday? 2. It is going
to be in a week, on the twenty fourth of July, Wednesday.
3. Today is the eighteenth of July, Thursday. 4. I reminded
you about it the day before yesterday. 5. You were watching
that TV box of yours. 6. Here I have the date in my
notebook. 7. The best way to remember your wifes birthday
is to forget about it once. 8. I saw Jane at five past nine p.m.,
on Monday, the eighth of April, in nineteen fifty three.
9. When we got to the cinema, the film had already begun.
10. Jane wanted to see something really good on a large
screen. 11. I had booked the seats before you called. 12. Jane
had bought the tickets after the show began. 13. Jane had
called the booking office before she went up and changed.
14. There is a postcard from my mother. 15. They have been
married for forty years. 16. Weve got to leave for London
on Saturday. 17. A guy is coming from Chicago. 18. Well
take the train that leaves at a quarter past three. 19. There
431

is going to be a football match on the box in the evening.


20. You are trying to do your best to stay at home till Sunday.
148
1. quit, 2. yesterday, 3. boring, 4. promotion, 5. qualified, 6. expanding, 7. hiring, 8. Personnel, 9. interview,
10. benefits.
149
1e, 2c, 3h, 4g, 5a, 6f, 7b, 8d.
150
1. Jake decided to quit work. 2. He told the manager that
he would not come today. 3. Whats up? 4. My work is so
boring! 5. I have no prospects for promotion. 6. I can easily
find a place in the computer business. 7. I found it in the ads.
8. Call them right now! 9. By the way, how much do they pay?
10. Im sure, youll make it!
151
1. would not forget, 2. would have, 3. would have,
4. would be watching, 5. would have, 6. would forget,
7. would remember it, 8. would come, 9. would have,
10. would not do.
152
1. She says that the football match will be next week.
2. Jane said that her Mother had sent her a postcard the
day before yesterday. 3. Jake said that he was writing
a letter at that moment. 4. They knew that their parents were
going to invite them to their fiftieth wedding anniversary.
432

5. Jake thought that they had been married for no more


than forty years. 6. She said that they would have to leave for
London the next Saturday. 7. Jake said that he was having
a meeting on Saturday. 8. He said that a guy was coming
from Chicago to see the programs that they had worked out.
9. He told Jane that the meeting would be around noon the
next Saturday. 10. Jane knew that Jake was doing his best to
stay at home till Sunday.
154
1. all in all, 2. studying, 3. certificates, 4. couple of,
references, 5. idea, 6. How about, 7. paid, 8. half, 9. benefits,
10. hand in.
155
1e, 2c, 3f, 4b, 5h, 6d, 7a, 8g.
156
1. I have worked in the business for five years all in
all. 2. Jake spent a year studying at the local university.
3. I have got a couple of references from the university.
4. What do you want to know about the terms and conditions?
5. Well give you thirty thousand a year for a start. 6. Will
I have a paid vacation? 7. You will have that after a probation
period. 8. I would like to have a larger benefits package.
9. Will that do? 10. Yes, that will do.
158
1. I decided to quit work which was boring.
2. I found a new job which paid well.
3. We need a qualified programmer who can easily do this
work.
433

4. Jake found a place in the computer business which


gave him good prospects for promotion.
5. Jake found the ads which said that the Motorola branch
was expanding.
6. They are hiring new programmers who will work for
the new branch.
7. Jake called the Personnel manager who told him to
come for an interview.
8. I came to have an interview which was to begin at half
past ten.
9. I need the new tie (that) we bought it yesterday.
10. I have a good salary which is around twenty five
thousand a year.
159
1, 4, 5, 7, 10.
160
1. The work that I have had provides no prospects for
promotion. 2. You can easily find a place in the computer
business. 3. I found it in the ads. 4. The man told me to come
to have an interview at half past ten. 5. They pay somewhere
around from twenty to twenty five thousand a year. 6. How long
have you worked in programming? 7. I spent a year studying
at the local university. 8. I have a couple of references from
some men in the business. 9. Those are people that I worked
with. 10. Do you want to know anything about the terms and
conditions? 11. How about twenty five thousand a year for
a start? 12. There will be a possible rise, say, in a years time.
13. You could have that after a probation period. 14. Youve got
434

to hand in all your papers to the Personnel. 15. Jane said that
her Mother had sent her a postcard the day before yesterday.
16. They knew that their parents were going to invite them to
their fiftieth wedding anniversary. 17. Jake thought that they
had been married for no more than forty years. 18. Jake said
that he was having a meeting on Saturday. 19. He told Jane
that the meeting would be around noon the next Saturday.
20. Jane knew that Jake was doing his best to stay at home till
Sunday.
162
1. important, 2. invitation, 3. company, 4. thing,
5. certain, 6. left, 7. person, 8. invite, 9. polite, 10. obliged.
163
1f, 2b, 3g, 4e, 5c, 6h, 7a, 8d.
164
1. I have to do something important. 2. Our company
is going to have a presentation. 3. I was told to work out
a letter. 4. The most important thing is the layout. 5. It is
usually written on the right. 6. Do you know the person you
are going to address? 7. What comes next? 8. Get going,
and be polite. 9. Carry on in this way. 10. And dont forget
about the date.
166
1. New work was found yesterday. 2. It was found in
the ads. 3. New programmers are being hired. 4. Their
Personnel was visited yesterday. 5. How much are programmers paid? 6. Programmers are given around twenty
435

five thousand a year. Around twenty five thousand a year


is given to programmers. 7. It will be made. 8. Computers have been studied at the local university. 9. You can be
given a larger benefits package. A larger benefits package
can be given to you. 10. All your papers have to be handed
in. 11. The book was being read. 12. TV is being watched.
13. His car was being driven. 14. You have not been shown
my house yet. My house hasnt been shown to you yet.
15. Jeans were being tried on. 16. The doctors telephone
number was given to me. 17. You have already been given your pills. Your pills have already been given to you.
18. Those pills had been prepared for you. 19. Such matters
are always settled over the phone. 20. Doctor Morgans boss
is spoken to right now.
168
1. passport, 2. stay, 3. couple, 4. over, 5. expires,
6. Embassy, 7. invitation, 8. problems, 9. through, 10. join.
169
1c, 2e, 3g, 4b, 5h, 6f, 7a, 8d.
170
1. an I see your passport? 2. How long are you going to
stay here in Russia? 3. For no more that a couple of weeks.
4. It expires in a week. 5. Youre on a business trip here,
arent you? 6. As we work in the same field, they sent us an
invitation. 7. If I have any problems, I will do that. 8. Have
you got anything to declare? 9. Youre married, arent you?
10. My wife is coming in a week for a sightseeing tour.
436

172
1. We are going to eat after we get up. 2. As soon as we
decide where to go, we will leave. 3. We were having dinner
when a friend entered the house. 4. He will not be happy until
he returns home. 5. Before I go to Moscow, I will write to you.
6. Whenever we have free time, we take a rest in the garden.
7. I have not seen him since I met him last September.
173
1. Jake decided to go where he had never been before.
2. Wherever you go, you meet those queer people. 3. I like to
spend vacations where I can fish. 4. They found a place from
where they could see this.
174
1. Since we lived in Atlanta, we saw all the city. 2. I dont
like fish because I am allergic to seafood. 3. Since we have time,
we are taking a rest in the garden. 4. Jane is happy because she
is at home. 5. We are staying at home, as it is raining.
175
1. If you have time, please come and help your brother.
2. In case you are ill, let me know. 3. If you love me, call me
right now. 4. Unless you listen to me, you will get into trouble.
5. We will let you go on condition that you will call us every
day.
176
1. She invited the parents so that they could see what
their kids had done. 2. We go to London in order that
we may see the Parliament. 3. We hurry lest we are late.
437

4. Many young men were going to London in order that they


might study in the university.
177
1. While I was waiting, I ate my breakfast. 2. As I was
going home, I met my friend. 3. He was looking at me as if he
wanted to tell me something.
178
1. Although there were a lot of people there, we didnt
have to wait long. 2. Even though you have already bought
your ticket, you will still have to wait. 3. In spite of the fact
that he was ill, he managed to go to London.
179
1. After they got married, they had to learn to manage
their own home. 2. He went crazy when his wife burnt his
breakfast. 3. You can hear what Im saying if you keep quiet.
4. I wont invite my classmates to a party until I know them
well. 5. He arrived home by the time I had already cleaned
the house. 6. While the first exercise was easy, this one is
extremely difficult. 7. Although shes ugly, people like her.
8. Since were broke, we cant buy anything. 9. Even though
he failed, he wont give up his ideals. 10. He fell asleep while
he was watching the film.

A
a []
about [bat] , ,
above [bv] ,
account [kant] ;
across [krs]
actually [k juli]
address [dres] ;
admit [dmit]
ads [dz]
advance [dv ns] : in advance
advertisement [dv :tismnt]
advice [dvais]
afraid [freid] ; I am afraid
after [ ft]
afternoon [ ft n n]
agent [eint]
ago [g]
agree [gr]
ahead [hed] ,
airplane [eplein]
all [l]
441

allergic

allergic [l :ik] ,


along [l]
already [lredi]
although [l]
always [lwz]
anniversary [niv :sri]
announce [nans]
any [ni] , , ,
anyway [eniwei]
appear [pi] ;
apply [plai]
appreciate [prieit] ,
April [eipril]
Argyle [ gail] ( )
arithmetic [rimtik]
arm [ m]
armchair [am e]
army [ mi]
around [rand] ,
arrange [rein]
arrive [raiv] ,
as [z]
as if [z if] ,
as soon as [z s n z]
ask [ sk] ,
asleep [slp] ; fall asleep
aspirin [sprin]
at [t] , , ( )
442

benefit

attend [tend] ,
attention [tenn]
August [gst]
authority [riti] ,
avenue [vinj ]
avoid [vid]

B
baby [beibi] ,
bad [bd] ()
bank [bk]
bar [b ]
bargain [b gin] ( )
basement [beismnt]
bath [b ]
bathroom [b rm]
be [b] was/were, been
bear [be] ()
beautiful [bj tifl] (), ()
because [bikz] ;
bed [bed]
bedroom [bedrm]
before [bif] ;
begin[bigin] began, begun ()
behave [biheiv] (
)
behind [bihaind] ,
believe [bilv]
benefit [benifit] ,
443

benefits package

benefits package
bet [bet]
big [big]
birthday [b :dei]
biscuit [biskit]
bless [bles]
boat [bt] ,
bomb [bm]
book [bk] ; ( , )
bore [b] . . bear
boring [bri] , ,
born [bn] . II bear
boss [bs]
boutique [btk] ,
bowl [bl] ,
box [bks]
boy [bi] ,
branch [br n ] , ; ()
break [breik] broke, broken ()
breakfast [brekfst]
bridge [bri]
Brighton [braitn] ,
bring [bri] brought, brought
broke [brk] ,
brother [br]
building [bildi]
burn [b :n]
bus [bs]
bus stop
business [bizns] , ;
444

choice

busy [bizi]
but [bt]
buy [bai] bought, bought
by [bai] ,

C
cabman [kbmn] ( cab [kb] . )
call [kl] , ( )
can [kn] could
Canadian [kneidjn] ;
capital [kpitl]
car [k ]
care [ke] ;
carrot [krt]
carry [kri]
central [sentrl]
centre [sent]
certain [s :tn] ,
certificate [stifikit] , (
)
chair [ e]
change [ ein] (),
chew [ ]
Chicago [ik g]
chief [ f]
child [ aild]
children [ ildrn]
chips [ ips] ,
choice [ is]
445

church

church [ : ]
cinema [sinm] ,
city [siti]
claim [kleim] ,
classmate [kl smeit]
clean [kln] ;
clothes [klz]
club [klb]
coast [kst]
coat [kt]
cold [kld] ;
colleague [klg]
colour [kl]
come [km] came, come
comfort [kmft] ,
company [kmpni]
complete [kmplt]
comprehend [kmprihend]
computer [kmpj t]
comradeship [kmridip]
concerning [kns :ni] (-.)
conditions [kndinz]
congratulate [kngrtjleit]
congratulations [kngrtjleinz]
consent [knsent] ,
consider [knsid] ,
cook [kk] ;
Cordially [kdili] yours
corner [kn]
446

detail

cost [kst] cost, cost


cough [kf] ;
could [kd] . can
country [kntri] ,
couple [kpl] ,
course [ks] ; .
crazy [kreizi]
cucumber [kj kmb]
cup [kp]

D
Daddy [ddi]
date [deit]
daughter [dt]
day [dei]
deal [dl] dealt, dealt
dear [di] ( )
December [disemb]
decide [disaid]
declare [dikle] ,
deep [dp]
delay [dilei]
demand [dim nd]
deny [dinai]
depend [dipend] ( -.)
deserve [diz :v]
destroy [distri]
detail [diteil]
447

develop

develop [divelp]
dictate [dikteit]
diet [dait]
different [difrnt] , ,
difficult [difiklt]
dinner [din] ;
discover [diskv]
discuss [disks]
do [d ] did, done
doctor [dkt] ,
dollar [dl]
door [d]
dream [drm] ;
drink[drik] drank, drunk
drive [draiv]drove, driven (), ( )
drop [drp]
drug [drg]
druggist [drgist] ,

E
early [ :li]
earn [ :n] ( )
ease [z] ;
easily [zili]
easy [zi] ,
eat [t] ate, eaten
eight [eit] 8
448

express

eighteen [eitn] 18
eighth [eit]
eighty [eiti] 80
either [ai] ; , ,
eleven [ilevn] 11
eleventh [ilevn]
e-mail [meil]
English [ili] ;
enjoy [ini] ,
enough [inf]
especially [ispeli]
estate [isteit]
even [vn]
evening [vni]
ever [ev] -
everything [evrii]
exactly [igzktli] ,
example [igz mpl]
exchange [iks ein] ;
excuse [ikskj s] ; [ikskj z]
exercise [ekssaiz]
exhibit [igzibit] ,
exhibition [eksibin]
expand [ikspnd] (), ()
expect [ikspekt]
experience [ikspirins]
expire [ikspai] ( )
explain [iksplein]
express [ikspres]
449

extra

extra [ekstr]
extremely [ikstrmli]
eye [ai]

F
fact [fkt]
factory [fktri]
fail [feil]
Faithfully [feifli] ( faith [fei] ) yours
( )
fall [fl] fell, fallen
family [fmili]
famous [feims]
far [f ] ;
father [f ]
February [febr()ri]
fed [fed] II feed [fd]
feel [fl] felt, felt
feet [ft]
few [fj ] ( .)
fifteen [fiftn] 15
fifth [fif]
fifty [fifti] 50
filled [fild] II fill [fil]
film [film] ;
find [faind] found, found
fine [fain] ,
450

furniture

finish [fini]
first [f :st]
fish [fi] ;
fit [fit] ; fitting room [fiti rm]
five [faiv] 5
flat [flt]
floor [fl] ;
flu [fl ]
fly [flai] flew, flown
food [f d]
foot [ft]
football [ftbl]
for [f]
forecast [fk st]
forget [fget] forgot, forgotten
forgot [fgt]
forgotten [fgtn]
formula [fmjl] ,
fortunately [f ntli]
forward [fwd]
four [f] 4
fourteen [ftn] 14
fourth [f]
fourty [fti] 40
France [fr ns]
Friday [fraidi]
from [frm] ,
front [frnt] , ; in front of
furniture [f :ni ]
451

gallery

G
gallery [glri]
gas [gs]
generally [enrli]
generation [enrein]
gentlemn [entlmn]
get [get] got, got(ten)
get off ( , )
get on ,
girl [g :l]
give [giv] gave, given
glad [gld]
go [g] went, gone ,
God [gd]
good [gd] ()
goods [gdz] ()
grade [greid] ( )
grass [gr s]
grateful [greitfl]
great [greit] , ,
Greenford [grnfd]
guess [ges]
gum [gm] , ,
guy [gai] .

H
half [h f]
hall [hl]
452

hundred

happen [hpn]
happiness [hpins]
happy [hpi]
hard [h d]
hate [heit]
have [hv] had, had
healthy [heli]
hear [hi] heard, heard
heart [h t]
heat [ht] ;
hell [hel]
Hello! [hel] ! . !
help [help] ;
helpful [helpfl]
her [h :] ( )
here [hi] ; Here you are. , .
hesitate [heziteit]
high [hai]
Highgate [haigeit] ( )
hire [hai]
his [hiz] ( )
hold [hld]
home [hm] , ,
hope [hp]
hot [ht]
hour [a]
house [has]
how [ha]
however [ha ev]
hundred [hdrd] 100
453

hurt

hurt [h :t] hurt, hurt ,


husband [hzbnd]

I
idea [aidi] ,
if [if]
ill [il]
imagination [iminein]
important [imptnt]
in [in] ( )
inform [infm]
information [infmein]
insist [insist]
installment [instlmnt]
intact [intkt] , ,
intend [intend]
interest [intrist] ; ()
interesting [intrsti]
interview [intvj ]
invitation [invitein]
invite [invait]
its [its]

J
jacket [kit] ,
jam [m]
454

language

January [njri]
jeans [nz]
joint [int]
joy [i]
jug [g]
July [ lai]
June [ n]
just [st]

K
keep [kp] kept, kept , ;
kettle [ketl]
kid [kid] .
kind [kaind] ,
kind [kaind] , ,
kindly [kaindli]
kindness [kaindns]
king [ki]
kitchen [ki n]
knife [naif]
know [n] knew, known
knowledge [nli]
Kremlin [kremlin]

L
lady [leidi]
landlady [lndleidi]
language [lgwi]
455

large

large [l ]
last [l st] , ;
late [leit]
lately [leitli] ,
laugh [l f] ;
layout [leiat] ,
lead [ld] led, led ,
learn [l :n] learnt, learnt ()
leave [lv] left, left
left [left] ;
lest [lest] ...
let [let] let, let
letter [let]
lie [lai] lay, lain
light [lait] ; ,
like [laik] ()
line [lain] ,
listen [lisn]
little [litl] ; ( .)
live [liv]
local [lkl]
long [l] ;
look [lk] ;
lose [l z] lost, lost
lot [lt] , ; a lot of, lots of

love [lv]
lovely [lvli] ,
low [l]
456

maybe

loyalty [lilti]
luggage [lgi]

M
mad [md]
madame [mdm]
made [meid] , ( make [meik]
, )
mail [meil]
main [mein] ,
make [meik] made, made ;
man [mn] ,
manage [mni]
manager [mni]
Mange [mne] .
manners [mnz]
many [mni]
March [m ]
mark [m k] ,
marry [mri] ,
marvellous [m vls]
match [m ]
match [m ] ( )
maths [ms] mathematics [mimtiks]
matter [mt] ,
May [mei]
may [mei] ( )
maybe [meibi] ,
457

meal

meal [ml] ,
mean [mn]
meat [mt]
meet [mt] met, met ()
meeting [mti]
memory [memri] ,
men [men]
mention [menn]
menu [menj ]
mice [mais]
midnight [midnait]
might [mait] ( )
milk [milk]
million [miljn] 1000000
mind [maind] , ;
minute [minit]
miss [mis] ;
mistake [misteik]
misunderstand [misndstnd]
misunderstanding [misndstndi]
moment [mmnt] ,
Monday [mndi]
month [mn]
morning [mni]
mortgage [mgi]
Moscow [msk]
mother [m]
Motorola [mtrl]
mouse [mas]
458

notebook

movies [m viz] , ( moving pictures


[m vi pik z] )
much [m ] ( .)
must [mst] ( -. )
my [mai] , , ,

N
name [neim] ; ,
near [ni]
need [nd] ;
neighbour [neib]
neutron [nj trn]
never [nev]
newborn [nj bn] ( new bear)
news [nj z]
next [nekst]
nice [nais] ,
night [nait]
nine [nain] 9
nineteen [naintn] 19
ninety [nainti] 90
ninth [nain]
no [n]
noon [n n]
North [n] ;
nose [nz]
nosedrops [nzdrps]
notebook [ntbk] ,
459

November

November [nvemb]
now [na]
number [nmb]

O
OK! [ kei] ! ! !
oblige [blai]
October [ktb]
off [f] ,
offer [f] ;
office [fis] ,
officer [fis] , ;
often [fn]
old [ld]
older [ld] ;
on [n]
once [wns] ,
one [wn] 1
onion [njn]
only [nli]
opportunity [ptj niti]
or []
orange [rin] ;
order [d] ; ,
our [a] , , ,
ours [az] our
out [at] ,
460

plane

outside [atsaid]
over [v] ,

P
package [pki]
painter [peint]
pair [pe]
paper [peip] . ,
papers [peipz] ,
Paris [pris]
park [p k]
party [p ti]
pay [pei] paid, paid
pence [pens]
perhaps [phps]
period [pirid]
person [p :sn] ,
personal [p :snl]
personally [p :snli]
Personnel [p :snel]
photo [ft]
piano [pjn]
pick [pik] ,
picture [pik ]
pill [pil] ,
pity [piti]
place [pleis]
plan [pln] ;
plane [plein]
461

play

play [plei]
please [plz]
Please! [plz] !
pleasure [ple]
plenty [plenti] ;
point out [pint at] ;
pole [pl]
policeman [plsmn]
polite [plait]
possible [psibl]
post [pst] ;
post office ,
postcard [pstk d] ,
postpone [pspn]
potato [pteit] ( )
pound [pand]
practise [prktis]
prefer [prif]
prepare [pripe] ,
prescription [priskripn] ,
present [preznt]
presentation [prezntein]
president [prezidnt]
pretend [pritend] ,
pretty [priti] ; ,
price [prais]
private [praivit] ,
probation [prbein] ;
problem [prblm]
product [prdkt]
462

quite

program [prgrm]
programmer [prgrm]
programming [prgrmi]
project [prkt]
promise [prmis] ;
promotion [prmn] ( )
prompt [prmpt] ,
proper [prp] , ,
properly [prpli] ,
property [prpti]
prospects [prspekts]
protest [prtest]
provide [prvaid]
provided (providing) [prvaidd] ,
province [prvins]
pullover [plv]
punish [pni]
pure [pj] ,
purpose [p :ps]
put [pt] put, put ,

Q
qualified [kwlifaid]
qualify [kwlifai] ()
quarter [kwt]
queer [kwi]
quick [kwik]
quit [kwit] quit, quit ,
quite [kwait] ,
463

rail

R
rail [reil]
railway [reilwei]
rain [rein] ; ( )
raincoat [reinkt]
rather [r ] , ,
read [rd] read, read [red]
real [ril] ,
really [rili]
recall [rikl]
receive [risv] ,
recently [rsntli]
receptionist [risepnist]
recommend [rekmend]
red [red]
refer [rif :]
reference [refrns] ; .
refuse [rifj z] ()
regard [rig d] ;
Regards [rig dz] . .
region [rn]
relative [reltiv]
rely [rilai]
remember [rimemb]
remind [rimaind]
rent [rent] ,
reply [riplai] ;
research [ris : ] ;
responsible [rispnsibl]
464

seafood

rest [rest] ;
restaurant [restr]
return [rit :n] ;
right [rait] , ; ,
rise [raiz] , ; ()
risk [risk]
river [riv]
roof [r f]
room [rm]
round [rand] ; ,
rude [r d]
run [rn] ran, run
Russia [r]
Russian [rn] ( , , )

S
sad [sd]
salad [sld]
salary [slri] ,
salesman [seilzmn]
salmon [smn]
salutation [slj tein]
Saturday [stdi]
scare [ske]
school [sk l]
screen [skrn]
sea [s]
seafood [sf d]
465

seat

seat [st] ;
second [seknd]
sedative [sedtiv]
see [s] saw, seen
seem [sm]
seldom [seldm]
sell [sel] sold, sold
seller [sel]
send [send] sent, sent
September [sptemb]
settle [setl] ,
seven [sevn] 7
seventeen [sevntn] 17
seventh [sevn]
seventy [sevnti] 70
shall [l] ?
shame [eim] ; ()
share [e] ,
shine[ain] shone, shone
ship [ip]
shirt [ :t] ; T-shirt [t :t] ;
shoe [ ] ,
shopping [pi] ,
shore []
shortly [tli]
shoulder [ld]
show [] showed, shown
shower [a]
Siberia [saibiri]
466

soon

sick [sik]
signature [sign ] ( sign [sain] )
simple [simpl]
since [sins] ;
since [sins] ;
sincere [sinsi]
sincerely [sinsili]
sing [si] sang, sung
sir [s :]
sister [sist]
sit [sit] sat, sat
six [siks] 6
sixteen [sikstn] 16
sixth [siks]
sixty [siksti] 60
size [saiz]
sleep [slp] slept, slept ;
small [sml]
smell [smel] smelt, smelt
snack [snk] ;
sneeze [snz]
snow [sn] ; ( )
so [s] , ,
software [sftwe]
solve [slv] , ()
some [sm] -, -, -, -
sometimes [smtaimz]
son [sn]
song [s]
soon [s n]
467

sorrow

sorrow [sr]
sorry [sri]
sound [sand] ;
Spain [spein]
spank [spk]
speak [spk] spoke, spoken
special [spel]
square [skwe]
stand [stnd] stood, stood ;
start [st t] ;
state [steit] ,
stay [stei]
steak [steik]
stop [stp] ;
stove [stv]
straight [streit]
strange [strein]
street [strt]
strength [stre]
strong [str]
study [stdi]
stupid [stj pid]
style [stail]
subject [sbkt] ,
substantial [sbstenl]
suburbs [sb :bz]
such [s ]
sugar [g]
suggest [sest] , ,
suggestion [ses n]
468

thank

sun [sn]
Sunday [sndi]
sunny [sni]
suppose [spz] ,
sure [] ; !
surely [li] ,
swim [swim] swam, swum

T
table [teibl]
take [teik] took, taken
tap [tp] ( )
taste [teist] ;
taxi [tksi]
tea [t]
teach [t ] taught, taught
tea-pot [tpt]
technical [teknikl]
teeth [t]
telephone [telifn]
television (TV) [telivin] ()
tell [tel] told, told
temperature [tempr ]
ten [ten] 10
tenth [ten]
terms [t :mz]
test [test] , ,
Thames (the) [temz]
thank [k]
469

thanks

thanks [ks]
that [t] ()
that [t] ,
the []
their [e] ( )
then [en] ,
there [e]
these [z]
thin [in]
thing [i]
think [ik] thought, thought
third [ :d]
thirteen [ :tn] 13
thirty [ :ti] 30
this [is] ,
those [z]
though []
thousand [aznd] 1000
threaten [retn]
three [r] 3
through [r ] ,
Thursday [ :zdi]
ticket [tikit] ( , , )
tie [tai]
till [til] - ,
to [t ]
today [tdei]
tolerate [tlreit] ,
tomato [tm t]
tonight [tnait]
470

unwell

too [t ]
tooth [t ]
train [trein]
travel [trvl]
trip [trip] ,
truly [tr li] ( true [tr ] )
try [trai] ; try on
Tuesday [tj zdi]
turn [t :n] ; ()
TV box [tvbks]
TV set [tvset]
twelfth [twelf]
twelve [twelv] 12
twenty [twenti] 20
two [t ] 2

U
ugly [gli]
UK [j kei] (
)
umbrella [mbrel]
understand [ndstnd] understood, understood
unfortunately [nf nitli]
unhealthy [nheli] ( healthy [heli] )
university [j niv :siti]
unless [nles] ...
until [ntil] ,
unwell [nwel]
471

Up

up [p] ,
use [j z]
usually [j li]

V
vacations [vkeinz] ,
various [veris]
vegetable [vetbl]
vegetarian [veiterin] ;
version [v :n] ,
very [veri]
video [vidi]
view [vj ]

W
wait [weit]
waiter [weit]
walk [wk]
wall [wl]
want [wnt]
warm [wm]
warmth [wm]
warn [wn]
was [wz] ( be)
waste [weist]
watch [w ] ,
way [wei] ,
weak [wk]
472

woman

wear [we] wore, worn ()


weather [we]
weatherman [wemn] .
wedding [wedi]
Wednesday [wenzdi]
week [wk]
welcome [welkm] ; Welcome! !
well [wel] ;
wet [wet]
what [wt]
when [wen]
whenever [wenev]
where [we] , ,
whereas [werz] ; ,
wherever [werev]
whether [we] ...
which [wi ]
while [wail]
white [wait]
who [h ] ,
whose [h z]
wide [waid]
wife [waif]
will [wil]
win [win] won, won
wind [wind]
with [wi] ,
without [wiat]
woman [wmn]
473

women

women [wimn]
wonder [wnd] ,
word [w :d]
work [w :k]
worker [w :k]
worry [wri]
would [wd] --
write [rait] wrote, written
wrong [r] ;

Y
Yeah! [je] . Yes!
year [je]
yesterday [jestrd(e)i]
yet [jet] , ;
young [j]
your [j] (), (), (),
()

Z
zero [zir] 0 ()

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

arise ()

arose

arisen

awake ()

awoke, awaked

awoke, awaked

be ()

was / were

been

bear ()

bore

born

bear (,
)

bore

borne

beat ()

beat

beaten

become ()

became

become

begin ()

began

begun

bend (,
)

bent

bent

bind ()

bound

bound

bite ()

bit

bitten

bleed (
)

bled

bled

blow ()

blew

blown

break ()

broke

broken

breed (,
)

bred

bred

477

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

bring ()

brought

brought

broadcast (- broadcast,
)
broadcasted

broadcast,
broadcasted

build ()

built

built

burn ()

burnt, burned

burnt, burned

burst ()

burst

burst

buy ()

bought

bought

cast ()

cast

cast

catch ()

caught

caught

choose () chose

chosen

cling ()

clung

clung

come ()

came

come

cost ()

cost

cost

creep ()

crept

crept

cut ()

cut

cut

deal ()

dealt

dealt

dig ()

dug

dug

do ()

did

done

draw ()

drew

drawn

dream ()

dreamt,
dreamed

dreamt,
dreamed

478

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

drink ()

drank

drunk

drive ()

drove

driven

dwell ()

dwelt

dwelt

eat ()

ate

eaten

fall ()

fell

fallen

feed ()

fed

fed

feel ()

felt

felt

fight ()

fought

fought

find ()

found

found

flee (,

fled

fled

fling ()

flung

flung

fly ()

flew

flown

forbid () forbade

forbidden

forget ()

forgot

forgotten

forgive ()

forgave

forgiven

freeze () froze

frozen

get ()

got

got, gotten

give ()

gave

given

go ()

went

gone

479

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

grind ()

ground

ground

grow ()

grew

grown

hang ()

hung

hung

have ()

had

had

hear ()

heard

heard

hide ()

hid

hid, hidden

hit ()

hit

hit

hold ()

held

held

hurt ()

hurt

hurt

keep ()

kept

kept

kneel ( knelt
)

knelt

know ()

knew

known

lay ()

laid

laid

lead ()

led

led

lean () leant, leaned

leant, leaned

leap ()

leapt, leaped

leapt, leaped

learn ()

learnt, learned

learnt, learned

leave ()

left

left

lend (
)

lent

lent

480

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

let ()

let

let

lie ()

lay

lain

light ()

lit, lighted

lit, lighted

lose ()

lost

lost

make ()

made

made

mean ()

meant

meant

meet ()

met

met

pay ()

paid

paid

put ()

put

put

read ()

read [red]

read [red]

ride (
)

rode

ridden

ring ()

rang

rung

rise () rose

risen

run ()

ran

run

saw ()

sawed

sawn

say ()

said

said

see ()

saw

seen

seek ()

sought

sought

481

sell ()

sold

sold

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

send ()

sent

sent

set ()

set

set

shake ()

shook

shaken

shave ()

shaved

shaven

shed ()

shed

shed

shine ()

shone

shone

shoot ()

shot

shot

show () showed

shown

shrink ()

shrank

shrunk

shut ()

shut

shut

sing ()

sang

sung

sink () sank

sunk

sit ()

sat

sat

sleep ()

slept

slept

slide ()

slid

slid

smell ()

smelt, smelled

smelt, smelled

sow ()

sowed

sown

speak ()

spoke

spoken

482

speed ()

sped

sped

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

spell ( spelt, spelled


)

spelt, spelled

spend ()

spent

spent

spill ()

spilt, spilled

spilt, spilled

spin ()

span

spun

spit ()

spat

spat

split () split

split

spoil ()

spoilt, spoiled

spoilt, spoiled

spread ()

spread

spread

spring ()

sprang

sprung

stand ()

stood

stood

steal ()

stole

stolen

stick () stuck

stuck

sting ()

stung

stung

strike ()

struck

struck

strive () strove

striven

swear ()

swore

sworn

sweep ()

swept

swept

483

swell ()

swelled

swollen

Infinitive

Past Indefinite

Past Participle
(Participle II)

swim ()

swam

swum

swing ()

swung

swung

take ()

took

taken

teach ()

taught

taught

tear ()

tore

torn

tell () told

told

think ()

thought

thought

throw ()

threw

thrown

tread ()

trod

trodden

understand
()

understood

understood

wake ()

woke, waked

woken, waked

wear ()

wore

worn

weep ()

wept

wept

win ()

won

won

wind ()

wound

wound

write ()

wrote

written

CD
15
: Renting a Room
Jake: Is there much furniture in the room?
Landlady: No, there is very little. There is a bed, a table and
a few chairs.
Jake: Is there a TV box there?
Landlady: Yes, the TV set is near the table. And there is an
armchair in front of it.
Jake: Can I have my dinner there?
Landlady: You can have your breakfast, your lunch and your
dinner in the room or in the kitchen.
Jake: May I cook my meals there in the kitchen?
Landlady: Sure. There is a gas stove there.
Jake: Is there a bath in the flat?
Landlady: Of course.
Jake: OK, I take it.

487

CD
16
: Tea Party
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:

Is there any tea in the tea-pot?


I am afraid, there is no tea.
Can you make some?
Sure... Here you are.
Thanks! Can I have some biscuits and jam?
Oh, no! There is very little jam. Do you want some
sugar? Actually, there is a lot of sugar. It is on the
table.
Jake: No, thank you! I dont drink tea with sugar.
Jane: Do you want any milk with your tea? There is a little
in the milk jug.
Jake: Thanks a lot!

488

CD
17
: Getting to the City Centre
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:
Jane:
Jake:

Jane:
Jake:

How can I get to the city centre, Jake?


You can walk there.
Oh, no! I hate it!
Then you can get there by bus or by taxi. The bus stop
is across the square.
How long do I go?
Six stops. You get on the bus here, and you get off at
Central Park.
And where is the taxi stand?
Here it is, behind the corner. It is near the Post Office
building. You drive along Highgate Street, then turn
left, then you turn right. And there is the city centre,
straight ahead of you.
Thanks, Jake.
Thank the cabman.

489

CD
: Going to the Country
Jake: Officer! Excuse me! Can you tell me the way to the
railway station, please?
Policeman: The railway station?
Jake: Yes. I want to take the train to Greenford.
Policeman: So, you want to go to the country?
Jake: Right!
Policeman: OK. The railway station is in the suburbs, near
the Brighton Bridge.
Jake: Is it far from here?
Policeman: Yes, it is. You can get there by cab or by bus.
Jake: Which bus do I take?
Policeman: Take bus seven. The bus stop is round the corner.
Jake: How long does it take me to get to the station?
Policeman: About twenty minutes.
Jake: Thanks a lot!
Policeman: Youre welcome!

490

CD
18
: Buying a Pullover
Jake: Excuse me! Can you help me?
Salesman: Of course! What can I do for you?
Jake: Well, I want a pullover and a T-shirt, and, maybe, a
pair of jeans. Can you show me those?
Salesman: Here we have a wide choice. Lots of pullovers of
different kinds, and T-shirts, as well. What size do you
wear?
Jake: I am not quite sure. Maybe, sixteen.
Salesman: You can try this one on. Here is the fitting room.
Jake: Where?
Salesman: This way, please...
Salesman: Oh, it fits you OK.
Jake: Oh, no. Im afraid, its a little too small for me. Have
you got a larger size?
Salesman: Here it is. Its sixteen and a half...
Jake: This one is fine with me. How much is it?
Salesman: Well, its sixty pounds.
Jake: OK, I take it. And can I see the jeans, please...
491

CD
19
: At the Boutique
Jane: Look, Jake, what a lovely pair of shoes it is!
Jake: Those are great! I want to try them on. Give them to
me.
Jane: Do they fit you?
Jake: Yes, thats my size. They fit me OK.
Jane: Arent they marvellous? I mean the style, and the colour.
Jake: They are really good. I bet, they are.
Jane: And they match your jeans, and the jacket, as well.
Jake: They are much better than my old ones.
Jane: We must buy them. Where is the salesman? Er... Excuse me...
Salesman: What can I do for you?
Jane: Well, we want to buy this pair of shoes. How much do
they cost?
Salesman: Er... let me see. These are two and ninety nine.
Jake: Do you mean two pounds and ninety nine pence?
492

Salesman: Of course not! Two hundred and ninety nine


pounds.
Jake: Pounds?... Well, I am afraid, they are a little too small
for me. Can we take a look at a larger size, please?
Salesman: Sure...
Jane: And less expensive, as well.

CD
20
: Calling a Doctor
Jake: Hello! Can I speak to Doctor Morgan, please?
Receptionist: And who is speaking?
Jake: Its Jake Brown, Argyle Road, 118.
Receptionist: Unfortunately, Mr Brown, Doctor Morgan is
out at the moment.
Jake: Thats a pity.
Receptionist: Oh, no. Hold on a moment, please. I think hes
coming. I hear his car.
Jake: Thats great.
Receptionist: ... OK, Mr Brown, Im putting you through.
Doctor: Hello, Mr Brown. Whats the matter?
Jake: I am calling from home. Actually, my wife is unwell.
Shes running a high temperature. Shes also sneezing
and coughing.
Doctor: She must have a flu. Has she got a headache?
Jake: I am afraid, yes, Doctor. Can you come and see her?
Doctor: OK. I am coming in half an hour...
494

CD
21
: At the Drugstore
Jake: Excuse me, could I have this prescription filled?
Druggist: OK. What is it?
Jake: I need some aspirin, and, maybe, some nosedrops. Its
for my wife. Shes unwell.
Druggist: Let me see. OK. Here are your pills.
Jake: How much is it?
Druggist: Six twenty... Well, unfortunately, we dont have
these drops in right now. Could you come, say, in
a couple of hours? Well have them prepared for you.
Jake: OK. And could I have some sleeping pills, or, maybe
some sedatives. I have problems with my sleep.
Druggist: Sorry, but you cant have those without a prescription. Or... can you give me your doctors telephone
number? I could settle this over the phone.
Jake: OK. Its Doctor Morgan. His number is 298740221...

495

CD
22
: Ordering a Meal
Jake: What do you want, Jane? Have you made up your
mind?
Jane: Oh, no. Not yet... I think I could start with a salad.
Jake: Vegetable salad?
Jane: Yes, four in a bowl. Only, I wonder, what they have put
there.
Jake: Let me see. Its on the menu... Cucumber, tomatoes,
carrots and onion.
Jane: Thats great! I love pure food.
Jake: And what do you want for the main course? Meat?
Jane: Of course not! Meat is so unhealthy!
Jake: Youre not a vegetarian, are you?
Jane: Surely not. But I hate meat. I love fish.
Jake: Youre not allergic to seafood, are you?
Jane: Come on! You know I am not! I think I could do with
some salmon and chips.
Jake: OK. As for me, I prefer a good steak with vegetables.
Now, I can call the waiter... Waiter! Could you come
over here, please?...
496

CD
23
: What is the Weather Like?
Jane: Oh, God! You havent taken your umbrella, have you?
It is raining.
Jake: It was OK. when we got to the restaurant.
Jane: I know it was OK. Did you listen to the weather forecast?
Jake: Yes, I did. But they didnt say anything about the rain.
They said it was going to snow. They made a mistake.
Jane: It was you who made a mistake! You had to take something. Either an umbrella or a raincoat. I am going to
get wet through.
Jake: No! There is a taxi stand over there. Lets run there
and get a taxi.
Jane: Run? Not me. I cannot run after such a substantial
meal.
Jake: All right. Stay here, and I am going to get a taxi for
you. The rain cannot last too long.

497

CD
24
: Going on Vacations
Jake: Look, Jane! Weve got a couple of weeks this month to
take a good rest. Lets go somewhere, say, to France.
Have you been to Paris?
Jane: No, I havent. But the weatherman said over TV yesterday its raining in Paris now. I hate rain!
Jake: Lets go to Spain then. The weather is fine there. Sunny, no rain, and the temperature is about thirty above
zero.
Jane: I hate the heat, as well.
Jake: Where could we go then?
Jan: My brother Mike has just returned from a business
trip to Russia. He said the weather was rather good in
Moscow, and no rain.
Jake: Not Russia! As far as I know, there is too much snow in
Russia, even in June. Moscow is the capital of Siberia,
isnt it? And Siberia is in the North Pole.
Jane: Really? I havent heard about that. Thats great! I have
always dreamt about going to the North Pole. Lets go
there. Please, call your travelling agent!
498

CD
: Extra Work No Steak
Jane: Hello, Jake! Are you coming to dinner tonight?
Jake: Sorry, Jane, weve got some extra work to do. I suppose
I will be home by midnight. Ill have a snack here at
the bar.
Jane: Thats a pity! Ive cooked a good steak with potatoes
and onions.
Jake: Anyway, I can have it when I come.
Jane: You mean you will have it after midnight?
Jake: I am not on a diet, you know.
Jane: But I am... OK, as you dont come, I think, Ill go to
the Bingo club with Mike and July. They are having
a new show on there.
Jake: When will it be over?
Jane: I believe, around midnight.
Jake: I can meet you there, then.
Jane: And how about the steak? Shall I take it along with
me?
Jake: No! Leave it at home. There will be Mike there. I am
afraid he will eat it up.
499

CD
25
: Going Out Tonight
Jake: Would you like to go out tonight, Jane?
Jane: Where to?
Jake: Any place. Say, we could have dinner at Holiday Inn
and then go to the movies.
Jane: Id love to see something really good on a large screen.
You know, Im a little fed up with that video of ours.
Jake: So am I. How about going to the Odeon. Theres
a new version of Gone with the Wind on.
Jane: Thats great. Have you booked the seats yet?
Jake: Of course, not. I suppose, we could easily buy the tickets before the show. Very few people go to the cinema
now. They all have videos and computers to watch
films.
Jane: And what if they are all fed up with their videos, the
same as we are?
Please, call the booking office and book the seats. And
Ill go up and change.
500

CD
: Janes Birthday
Jane: Have you forgotten about my birthday?
Jake: Of course not. It is going to be in a week, on the twenty
fourth of July, Wednesday.
Jane: Oh, God! It is today, the eighteenth of July, Thursday.
And I reminded you about it the day before yesterday
when you were watching that TV box of yours.
Jake: Youre wrong. Here I have the date in my notebook...
Jane! Have you seen my notebook? Where have I left
it?
Jane: You forget everything. You forgot my mothers birthday after I had reminded you so many times, you forgot...
Jake: Do you mean to say you remember everything? Some
wives have such good memories that they remember
things that never happened.
Jane: What? What did you say? Well, if you dont...
Jake: The best way to remember your wifes birthday is to
forget about it once.
501

CD
26
: The Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary
Jane: Look, Jake! There is a postcard from my mother. Its
an invitation to my parents fiftieth wedding anniversary.
Jake: Really? I thought that they had been married for no
more than forty years, and not fifty. When is it supposed to be?
Jane: On the twelfth of June, next Monday. Surely weve got
to leave for Brighton on Saturday, the tenth, by train
at nine thirty in the morning.
Jake: Oh, my! Saturday?
Jane: Yeah! Why not?
Jake: Well, you know... Er... Well, Ive got a meeting on Saturday, actually, a business meeting. A guy is coming
from Chicago to see the programs that we have worked
out.
Jane: When is it going to be? I mean, the meeting.
Jake: Im not quite sure, but I suppose, around noon.
502

Jane : O.K., well take the train that leaves at a quarter past
three.
Jake: A night train?
Jane: No! A quarter past three p.m.
Jake: Well... Im afraid...
Jane: What is it this time?
Jake: Well, my boss wants me to take this guy around the
city, and also to dinner at seven. And also there is...
Jane: I know! There is going to be a football match on the
box in the evening, and you are trying to do your best
to stay at home till Sunday!
Jake: How did you know?

CD
27
: Looking for a New Job
Jane: Whats the matter, Jake? Youre not going to work today, are you?
Jake: No, I decided to quit. I told the manager yesterday that
I would not come today.
Jane: Whats up?
Jake: You know, the work that I have had is so boring. And
no prospects for promotion.
Jane: Dont worry. Youre a qualified programmer, and you
can easily find a place in the computer business.
Jake: I think, I have already done that. Look, I found it in
the ads. The Motorola branch is expanding, and they
are hiring new programmers.
Jane: Call them right now.
Jake: I called their Personnel yesterday, and the man told me
that I should come to have an interview today, at half
past ten. So, where is my new tie?
Jane: By the way, how much do they pay?
504

Jake: It depends. But as they say it in the ads, somewhere


around from twenty to twenty five thousand a year, and
a benefits package.
Jane: Im sure, youll make it.
Jake: Of course, I will. But where, the hell, is my new tie,
Jane?

CD
: An Interview
Manager: Well, how long have you worked in the business,
I mean in programming?
Jake: For five years all in all. Actually, I started six years ago,
but I spent a year studying at the local university.
Manager: Thats very good. Where are your certificates? Oh,
yes, I see.
Jake: And I also have a couple of references from some men
in the business. Those are people that I worked with.
Here they are.
Manager: OK ... Now, anything you want to know about the
terms and conditions? Salary? Vacations?
Jake: Yes, I would like to get some idea of those.
Manager: Well, how about twenty five thousand a year for
a start, with a possible rise, say, in a years time. And
a paid two-week vacation.
505

Jake: Well, I was thinking of something around thirty...


Manager: You could have that in half a year, after, so to say,
a probation period. Or you may just as well have a larger
benefits package.
Jake: OK. I think, that will do.
Manager: Then youve got to hand in all your papers to the
Personnel, and get down to work from, say, the day
after tomorrow...

CD
28
: Letter Writing
Jane: Jake, its midnight already. Why dont you go to bed?
Dont you want to sleep?
Jake: I cant. I have to do something really important.
A letter of invitation. Our company is going to have
a presentation, and I was told to work out a letter.
Jane: Do you know how to do it?
Jake: I am afraid, I dont.
Jane: OK. I will help you. The most important thing is the
layout.
Jake: What do you mean?
Jane: Its certain information about your company
the name, the address, the telephone number. It is usually written on the left. Then comes the salutation.
Jake: Whats that?
Jane: Do you know the person you are going to address?
Jake: No.

507

Jane: Then you have to start with Gentlemen, or Dear


Sirs, or Dear Sirs and Madams.
Jake: Here it goes. What comes next?
Jane: The subject. You said you wanted to invite those people to your presentation, didnt you? Get going, and be
polite. Say, for example, We would be much obliged
to you if you would attend the presentation of our....
And carry on in this way.
Jake: OK. How should I end up the letter?
Jane: Put something like Sincerely yours... or Yours truly. Then comes the signature. And dont forget about
the date.

CD
: Going Abroad
Customs Officer: OK, can I see your passport, please.
Jake: Here you are.
Customs Officer: So, you are from England, arent you?
Jake: Yes, I am London resident. Heres my address. And
here is the visa.
Customs Officer: How long are you going to stay here in Russia?
Jake: Actually, I had planned to stay for no more that a couple of weeks, but then my plans changed. I think I will
have to stay for over a month, or even two.
508

Customs Officer: Your visa is for one month only. It expires


in twenty nine days.
Jake: Ill have to get to the Embassy and have this matter
settled.
Customs Officer: Youre on a business trip, arent you? Who
do you work with?
Jake: A computer software company here in Moscow. As we
work in the same field, they sent us an invitation to
come and see what we could do together for the Russian market.
Customs Officer: Could they help you with your visa?
Jake: Sure. If I have any problems, they will do that.
Customs Officer: OK. Have you got anything to declare?
Jake: No, I dont think I have. I always go through the green
corridor.
Customs Officer: One more question. Youre married, arent
you?
Jake: Yes, and my wife is coming in a week to join me for
a sightseeing tour.
Customs Officer: OK. Welcome to Russia, then.
Jake: Thanks, officer.


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