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Unit 1 AP Biology Standards

- 2.C.2: a
a: Organisms respond to changes in their environment through behavioral and
physiological mechanisms.
- 2.E.2: b
b: internal and external signals regulate a variety of physiological responses
- 2.E.3: a.1, a.2, b.3, b.4
a.1: Innate behaviors are behaviors that are inherited
a.2: Learning occurs through interactions with the environment and other organisms.
b.3: environmental cues trigger behavior in animals
b.4: populations survive because of cooperative behavior
- 3.E.1: a, b.2, c.1, c.2
a: organisms exchange info in response to cues
b.2: animals use signals to ensure reproductive success
c.1: Natural selection favors innate and learned behaviors that increase survival and
reproductive fitness.
c.2: Cooperative behavior tends to increase the fitness of the individual and the survival of
the population.
- 1.C.1: b
Human impact on ecosystems and species extinction rates
- 2.A.1: d.2, e, f
d.2: organisms reproduce as best(different strategies) they can with the energy available to
e: population size depends on free energy availability
f: ecosystems can be disrupted by free energy, for example tropic levels can change due to
change in producer level or energy resources
- 2.A.2: a.1
Sunlight allows photosynthetic organisms to capture free energy
- 2.A.3: a.1, a.2, a.3
a.1: carbon is used to build carbohydrates, proteins, lipids or nucleic acids, and used in
storage compounds and cell formation.
a.2: nitrogen is used in building proteins and nucleic acids; phosphorus is used in nucleic
acids and lipids
a.3: living things depend on water and certain properties of it
- 2.D.1: a, b, c
a: cell activities are affected by interactions with biotic and abiotic factors(cell density, bio
films, temperature, water availability, sunlight)
b: organisms activities are affected by interactions with biotic and abiotic
factors(symbiosis, predator-prey relationships, water)
c: stability of populations, communities, and ecosystems are affected by abiotic and biotic
factors(water and nutrient availability, food chains and food webs, species diversity,
population density, algal blooms)
- 2.D.3: b
Disruptions impact the balance in the ecosystem(human impact, hurricanes, floods,
earthquakes, water limitation, salination)
- 3.E.1: b.1

b.1: reproductive success can differ due to signal behaviors that change an organism's
behavior(herbivore responses, coloration in flowers)
4.A.5: all standards
a: species composition and species diversity measure the structure of a community
b: population interactions within environmental impacts on a community are illustrated by
mathematical or computer models(symbiotic relationship, graphical representation of field
data, introduction of species)
c.1: reproducing without limits causes exponential growth of the population
c.2: a population can produce a density of individuals that exceeds the system's resource
c.3: a logistic growth model can be made due to density factors
c.4: demographics are used to study human populations
4.A.6: all standards
a: energy flows, but matter is recycled
b: primary productivity is influenced by changes in regional and global climates
c: organisms within food webs and food chains interact
d: food webs and food chains depend on primary productivity
e.1: competition limits growth and are represented by logistic models
e.2: Competition for resources, territoriality, health, predation, accumulation of wastes and
other factors contribute to density- dependent population regulation.
4.B.2: a.3
a.3: interactions among cells lead to increased efficiency and utilization of energy and
4.B.3: all standards
a.1: Competition, parasitism, predation, mutualism and commensalism can affect
population dynamics.
a.2: interacting populations can be modeled mathematically
a.3: feedback control helps ecosystems function
b: A population of organisms has properties that are different from those of the individuals
that make up the population.
c: Species-specific and environmental catastrophes, geological events, the sudden influx/
depletion of abiotic resources or increased human activities affect species distribution and
4.B.4: all standards
a: humans impact local and global levels greatly
b: geological and meteorological events impact ecosystems
4.C.2: a, b
a: environmental factors affect traits
b: An organisms adaptation to the local environment reflects a flexible response of its
4.C.3: a, b
a: genetic diversity affects how a population is able to respond to changes
b: genetic diversity allows individuals to respond differently to same changes
4.C.4: a, b
a: Natural and artificial ecosystems with fewer component parts and with little diversity
among the parts are often less resilient to changes in the environment.
b: Keystone species, producers, and essential abiotic and biotic factors contribute to
maintaining the diversity of an ecosystem.