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A G N I H OT R I E N G G . & G AT E C L A S S E S
Unit II : Topic Differential Calculus (PD, Eulers Theorem , Errors & App.)

M-I

Scripting Success Stories

Direction (Qn 1 to Qn 8 ) : Use PARTIAL DIFFERENTIATION to solve following ?

Q.1) If = tan1 + sin1 prove that x

+y

=0

Q.2) If u = then show that = (1 + 3xyz + x 2 y 2 z 2 )


u
u
x1/ 4 y1/ 4
y
, then the value of x
in term of u is
1/ 5
1/ 5
x
y
x y
u u u
3
Q.4) If u = loge(x3 + y3 + z3 3 xyz) then prove that :

x y z x y z
v
v
v
Q.5) If v = (x2 + y2 + z2)-1/2, then find the value of: x x y
x
y
z
u
u
y
Q.6) If u = x3 + y3 3xy2, then the value of x
in term of u is
x
y

Q.3) If u

2 z
( x loge x) 1
Q.7) If x y z = c, show that at : x y z,
xy
n
n
Direction (Q 8 to Q 11 ) :Use EULERS THEOREM to solve following ?
x

If u = tan1 (
u

x3 +y3
xy

) then show that


2 u

Q.10) If u = sin1 (
Q.11) If u=log(

x2 +y2
x+y

x4 +y4
x+y

2 u

2 u

Q.9) x 2 x2 + y 2 y2 + 2xy x y = sin4u sin2u

Q.8) x x + y y = sin2u

) , then show that x x + y y = tanu

) prove that x + = 3

Direction (Qn 12 to Qn 15 ) : Using concept of TOTAL DERIVATIVE to solve following ?


Q.12) Find all the partial differentiation coefficient of f(x,y)= xy +sin(x+y)

Q.13) If x y +y x = c, Find .

Q.14) If u = x logxy , where x 3 + y 3 + 3xy = 1, find .


Q.15) If u = x 2 y 2 + sinyz, where y = ex and z = log e x, find
n

Direction (Q 16 to Q 20 ) :Use concept of APPROXIMATION & ERROR to solve following?


Q.16) Evaluate 99 approximately.
Q.17) Evaluate cube root of 127 approximately.
Q.18) Find the percentage error in the area of an ellipse if 1% error is made in measuring the major and minor axes.
Q.19) If H.P. is required to propel a steamer is proportional to cube of its velocity and square of its length ,prove that
2% increase in velocity and 3% increase in length will require an approximately 12% increase in H.P.

Q.20) The period T of a simple pendulum is given by T=2. Find the maximum error in T due to possible errors
upto 1% in I and 2.5% in g.
Classes on ED, Mechanics, M1, M2, M3, SOM, NA, CONTROL, DSP & other GATE oriented Engg. Subjects

By :- Agnihotri sir, B. E. (Hons), M.Tech. (7415712500) B.T.I. Road Sherpura, Vidisha

pg. 1

//Remain connected with us at www.facebook.com/aegc4u , www.aegc.weebly.com , www.aegc.yolasite.com , 7415712500

A G N I H OT R I E N G G . & G AT E C L A S S E S
Unit II : Topic Differential Calculus (PD, Eulers Theorem , Errors & App.)

M-I

Scripting Success Stories

Questions from Previous year papers (Home Work)


2

z z
z z
Q.1) If z(x + y) = x + y , show that 4 1 .
x y
x y
2

Q.2) If u = (x2 + y2 + z2)-1/2; x2 + y2 + z2 0 then prove that x

[RGPV Dec. 2000]

u
u
u
y
z
u ,
x
y
z

[RGPV Feb. 05.Jan./Feb 07]


u
(1 3xyz x 2 y 2 z 2 )e xyz .
xyz
3
3
3
Q.4) If u = log (x + y + z 3xyz), prove that :
3

Q.3) If u = exyz, show that

u u u
9
(ii)

2
x y z ( x y z )
2 z
x y z
( x log ex)1 .
Q.5) If x y z = c then show that
xy
u u u
3

(i)
x y z x y z

Q.6) If u = f(r), where r2 = x2 + y2, show that


Q.7) If u sin 1
(i) x

[RGPV June 01]

2u 2u 2u
3
(iii) 2 2 2
x
y
z
( x y z )2

2u 2u
1
2 f '(r ) f '(r ) .
2
x
y
r

[RGPV Dec. 04]


[RGPV Dec. 01, June 06]

x y
, prove that
x y

u
u 1
y
tan u
x
y 2

(ii) x 2

2
2u
2u
sin u cos 2u
2 u

2
xy

2
2
x
xy
y
4 cos3 u

x3 y 3
Q.8) If u tan 1
, prove that
x y
u
u
2u
2u
2u
sin 2u ,
y 2 2 2 cos 3u sin u sin 4u sin 2u
(i) x y
(ii) x 2 2 2 xy
x
y
x
xy
y

Q.9) If u tan 1

x3 y 3
2u
2u
2u
sin 4u sin 2u
, prove that: x 2 2 y 2 2 2 xy
x y
x
y
xy

x2 y 2
u
u
, show that: x v
sin 2u
Q.10) If u tan 1
[RGPV June 14]
x
y
x y
Q.11) Find the percentage error in the area of rectangle when an error of + 1 percent is made in measuring its length
and breadth.
v
v
v
Q.12) If v = (x2 + y2 + z2)-1/2, prove that: x x y
V
x
y
z
Q.13) If H. P. required to propel a steamer is proportional to cube of its velocity and square of its length; prove that
2% increase in velocity and 8% increase in lengh will require an approximately 12% increase in H.P.

Q.14) If u = sin 1

x 2 +y 2
u u
show that: x +y = tan u
x y
x +y

[RGPV Dec. 13, June15]

Classes on ED, Mechanics, M1, M2, M3, SOM, NA, CONTROL, DSP & other GATE oriented Engg. Subjects

By :- Agnihotri sir, B. E. (Hons), M.Tech. (7415712500) B.T.I. Road Sherpura, Vidisha

pg. 2