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Shayla Pink

UWRT 1102
20 October, 2015
This was the second article that I read and it was a journey onto the right topic and the right
answers. I honestly wasnt 100% sure on what aspect of my topic I was going to cover in my
thesis but this study really helped me buckle down and pick a focus.
Britt, Brandon J. "African-American Male Inclusion, Involvement, Perception and
Achievement at Predominantly White Institutions." McNair Scholars Research
Journal 7.1 (2014): 19+. 2014. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

Annotated Bibliography
In a research journal titled African American Male Inclusion, Involvement, Perception
and Achievement at Predominately White Institutions done by undergraduate student
Brandon J. Britt of Eastern Michigan University a complete analysis of what can hinder African
America students from graduating and what can be done to help them be successful. This article
was based mostly on African American men in PWIs so it is very focused on one demographic.
The idea of number enrolled versus number graduated is brought up as two separate points of
focus. Britt notes that factors that keep African American men from success are institutional
exclusion, perceived racism, a lack of student involvement, the absence of resources identifiable
with men of color and a lack of connectedness to the institution. Underrepresentation is another
factor that is hindering African American students which could lead to exclusion and a lack of
mentors or role models. Negative stereotypes are another thing that can make African American

students feel unwanted or uncomfortable. Britt then begins to discuss ways that African
American students can begin to achieve in such an environment. Involvement in campus
activities such as Greek life, religion, athletics, politics or art can make it easier for students to be
successful. Britt quickly states that athletics do not contribute to student success because of the
schedules and he adds statistics to back up his statement. The creation of minority-based
organizations has been a huge player in contributing to the academic success of African
American students. Although they have been criticized there are a lot of positive effects. After
this Britt proceeds to do a social experiment with focus groups. The findings were that some
students did not feel welcome at their institution while some did, they all felt that there are some
form of racism on campus and that their involvement on campus is very important to their
This read was so long and difficult to understand I had to read it twice in order to take
notes that would help my paper. What threw me off was the fact that it was clear that the focus
was African American men but once I read the journal I realized that it could apply to both male
and female African American students although some things were male specific. The statistics in
the journal were very helpful and the focus group responses recorded inside the journal can help
me in creating my thesis. The fact that the writer was an undergraduate student himself made the
article more creditable.