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Shayla Pink

UWRT 1102
Thomas
2 November 2015
This article did well in acknowledging that changing HBCUs also result in a change in African
American students. Although it doesnt mention PWIs very much it does briefly and it then
combines the two types of schools together in determining how students can become better.
Gasmen, Marybeth. "The Changing Face of Historically Black Colleges and
Universities." Encyclopedia of African American Society (2005): n. pag. Web. 2 Nov.
2015.

Annotated Bibliography
In the research study done by Marybeth Gasman, graduate student of University of
Pennsylvania titled The Changing Face of Historically Black Colleges and Universities the
very basics of how Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) fit within the shifting
landscape of higher education in the United States. The study starts off by giving a brief history
of how HBCUs were started. Originally, many HBCUs were started by the federal governments
Freedmens Bureau in the 1960s. It then goes on to describe how many African American
students attended HBCUs and how that number has been changing due to the political and social
environment outside of these universities. The changing diversity on HBCU campuses was
another topic that was covered. An issue that was covered more than once was the gender gap in
HBCUs and how such gender gaps can create an imbalance that can prevent the campus from
striving. Another thing covered was that HBCUs should focus more on making their students

globalized meaning that they need to teach their students how to succeed in a global world. The
proposition that was made was that study abroad opportunities should be introduced and a larger
variety of new languages that students can learn. The next topic discussed was how HBCUs can
improve graduation and retention rates. The solution proposed was only that universities begin to
accept students who have shown that theyre prepared for college. Next discussed was how
HBCUs need more funding for the university to have more stability. It has been proven that
PWIs get more financial support when compared to HBCUs. Funding opportunities include
Black fundraisers, teaching students about philanthropy and how to give back to their institution
and studying the changing agendas of the public and private funders to make connections to
those agendas. Next covered was how supporting faculty could help with mentoring students
making it easier for students to be successful. The last thing that was covered was how having
leaders such as presidents be more diverse and have them stay for longer periods of time could
help inspire students and give them a sense of secure representation.
When I read this study I knew that it was a backwards step towards what I had changed
my topic to. I chose to continue with this study because the actual history and the numbers could
really help my thesis. The bullet points that was at the end of the study was very helpful in the
tips of how to improve the African American student experience. I feel like this article was more
about how to make HBUCs better for all types of students instead of just African American
students. This is a good article but its not really good for the point I am trying to make.