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Tanner Mallari

Ms. Hoppe Block 3


12/7/15
Annotated Bibliography
Huerta, Sarah. Depictions of Sexuality and Gender Construction in Japanese Manga
and Anime. University of Nevada, Las Vegas. 2004. Slideshow.
This powerpoint provides invaluable information of the development and foundation of
anime, and what parts of the culture influenced the stories to be a certain way. It gives info on
its viewers, and what influences them. It explains the Shoujo femininity idealism, and how it is
rooted in Japanese society and how it builds the structure/format for women and men in
Japanese anime, and how it is similar to American media, where the man is praised for his
masculinity, and the women is praised for her looks and submissiveness. It not only describes
these things straightforwardly, but it also does it without bias, and it exemplifies how we make
the same mistakes, but in our culture. Overall , the powerpoint offers legitimate points on the
history of anime and how the similarity and diversity of its gender roles match or do not match
Americas.
Pless, Deborah. Gender Roles in Anime(Liberating or anti-feminist?) Washington, 2012.
Article.
Pless deeply analyzes the gender roles in Anime, and how there are inconsistencies in
Anime, where the only acceptable gender roles are the ones prohibiting women from taking
control. She uses deliberate and controlled language, and considers many thoughts she had
during her watching, and why they made her feel a certain way. By citing Japanese animes and
American media like Twillight, she makes interesting connections between American girls and
the acceptance of shounen ai, then proceeds to make a question of why men are allowed to
take any gender role they want in anime, and women cant, and usually dont. By analyzing the
media pieces, she finds out that demeaning men is never as direct or common as demeaning
women, so she finds out the reason why shounen ai is enjoyed much it is the only instance or
occasion where a man can be demeaned without any consequence. Overall, she outlines the
important reason how men can assume any gender role they want, and women cant.
Kincaid, Chris. Gender Roles of Women in Modern Japan. June 22, 2014. Article.
Written with sufficient and legit references, Gender Roles of Women in Modern Japan
explains the history of womens rights and roles with unbiased, informative information. He
explains that the female gender roles are not only affected by mens gender roles but they are
also affected by their history and ideals. Confucian ideas shifted after a while, and later in 1946
the Civil Code finally granted womens rights to own property, marry and divource freely, vote,
and other things men could do. Although they were given rights, Kincaid adds, women still had
the role of cooking and managing the family while men went out to work. The article/informative
essay highlights the important gender roles inside and outside the house that eventually formed

the basis of gender views in Japan. In conclusion, the article provides invaluable information
about the basis of Japans gender views, and provides unbiased insight on it.