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Clinical Psychologist

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Requirements

92% Match

Career Spectrum

Resources

Overview

Description
Clinical psychologists assess, diagnose, and treat mental, emotional, and behavioural
disorders. Clinical psychologists help people deal with problems ranging from short-term
personal issues to severe, chronic conditions.
Clinical psychologists are trained to use a variety of approaches to help individuals.
Although strategies generally differ by specialty, clinical psychologists often interview
patients, give diagnostic tests, and provide individual, family, or group psychotherapy. They
also design behaviour modification programs and help patients implement their particular

program
Sample Job Titles: Clinical Director, Clinical Therapist, Psychologist

Provincial Outlook

Estimated Salary

$72,888 - $150,241
Learn More

Education Level
Secondary School
On-the-job Training
College/Apprenticeship

Learn More

Compatibility

92%
Match

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Workplace

Work Environment
Some clinical psychologists work alone, which may include independent research or
patient counselling. Others work as part of a healthcare team, collaborating with
physicians, social workers, and others to treat illness and promote overall wellness.
Many clinical and counselling psychologists in private practice have their own offices and
can set their own schedules. Other typical workplaces include clinics, hospitals,
rehabilitation facilities, and community and mental health centres.
Many clinical psychologists also act as research psychologist, who work in colleges and
universities, government agencies, or private research organizations.
Some clinical psychologists work in public schools, ranging in level from nursery school

through college. They also work in private schools, universities, hospitals and clinics,
community treatment centres, and independent practice.

Main Duties

Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by interviewing
individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.
Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians
regarding patient care.
Write reports on clients and maintain required paperwork.
Discuss the treatment of problems with clients.
Use a variety of treatment methods, such as psychotherapy, hypnosis, behavior
modification, stress reduction therapy, psychodrama, and play therapy.
Identify psychological, emotional, or behavioral issues and diagnose disorders, using
information obtained from interviews, tests, records, and reference materials.
Maintain current knowledge of relevant research.
Consult reference material, such as textbooks, manuals, and journals, to identify
symptoms, make diagnoses, and develop approaches to treatment.
Interact with clients to assist them in gaining insight, defining goals, and planning
action to achieve effective personal, social, educational, and vocational development
and adjustment.
Develop and implement individual treatment plans, specifying type, frequency,
intensity, and duration of therapy.

Important Skills

Analytical skills. Clinical psychologists must be able to examine the information they
collect and draw logical conclusions from them.

Communication skills. Clinical psychologists must have strong communication skills


because they spend much of their time listening to and speaking with patients.
Observational skills. Clinical psychologists study attitude and behaviour. They must be
able to watch people and understand the possible meanings of peoples facial
expressions, body positions, actions, and interactions.
Patience. Clinical psychologists must be able to demonstrate patience because
research or treatment of patients may take a long time. They must also be patient
when dealing with people who have mental or behavioural disorders.
People skills. Clinical psychologists study people and help people. They must be able
to work well with clients, patients, and other medical professionals.
Problem-solving skills. Clinical psychologists need problem-solving skills to find
treatments or solutions for mental and behavioural problems.
Trustworthiness. Clinical psychologists must keep patients problems in confidence,
and patients must be able to trust psychologists expertise in treating sensitive
problems.

Career Cluster

This cluster involves the science of dealing with human and


animal health. planning and managing, and providing
therapeutic services, diagnostic services, health informatics,
support services, research in biology and biotechnology and

Health Science

the development of these and related services. It involves the


study and research of health related topics and the
application of knowledge to improve health and prevent
disease.

Outlook

Job Outlook

Alberta
British Columbia
Manitoba
New Brunswick
Newfoundland and Labrador
Nova Scotia
Northwest Territories

Not Available

Nunavut

Not Available

Ontario
Prince Edward Island

Not Available

Quebec
Saskatchewan
Yukon

Job Outlook based on NOC 4151 (Psychologists)

View Regional Data

Not Available

Salary Ranges

Canada

$42,798 - $113,515

Alberta

$72,888 - $150,241

British Columbia

$26,772 - $126,724

Manitoba

$22,327 - $102,498

New Brunswick

Not Available

Newfoundland and Labrador

Not Available

Nova Scotia

$45,135 - $102,331

Northwest Territories

Not Available

Nunavut

Not Available

Ontario

$41,525 - $114,767

Prince Edward Island

Not Available

Quebec

$62,600 - $89,435

Saskatchewan

$42,339 - $121,883

Yukon

Not Available

Salary Ranges are based on hourly rates for NOC 4151 (Psychologists) and an estimated 2086 hours per year

View Regional Data

Employment Growth

2012

150,040

2013

152,886

2014

155,234

2015

157,493

2016

159,426

2017

160,895

2018

162,358

2019

163,871

2020

164,981

2021

166,207

2022

167,507

Employment Growth based on Stats Canada Occupation Group 415

Requirements

Education Level

Secondary School

On-the-job Training

College/Apprenticeship

Requirements

University

A doctoral degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation


"Psychologist" in Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba and British Columbia.
A master's degree in psychology is required for the designation "Psychologist" in
Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Saskatchewan, Alberta and
the Northwest Territories.
A master's degree in psychology is required in order to use the designation
"Psychological Associate" in Ontario and Manitoba.
In Prince Edward Island, a doctoral degree is required to work in private practice, or a
master's degree with practice limited to institutions and agencies.
A period of supervised practical experience is required in most jurisdictions.
Successful completion of the written Examination for Professional Practice in
Psychology (EPPP) is required in most provinces.
Oral examinations and board interviews are required in some provinces.
Registration with a regulatory body is required in all provinces, Nunavut and the
Northwest Territories.
Membership in the provincial professional association for psychologists is mandatory
in all provinces, Nunavut and the Northwest Territories.

Subject Areas

Physical Education

Related Programs

Science

Psychology (Optional
Co-op)

Bachelor of Arts in
Psychology (Transfer)

University of Guelph

Red Deer College

Psychologie (B.Sc.)
University of Ottawa

Career Spectrum

Interests

Your Interest Type is

This occupation is a

THE TRANSLATOR (AS)

GOOD MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Occupation Results

Artistic

Social
75%

69%

67%

83%

Enterprising

Conventional
63%

63%

28%

11%

Investigative

Realistic
58%

54%

95%

11%

Knowledge

Your top subject area is

This occupation is a

SOCIAL SCIENCE

SLIGHT MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Social Science

Occupation Results

Technical & Trades


89%

83%

60%

23%

English

Languages
78%

78%

39%

37%

Business

Creative Arts
78%

78%

33%

20%

Science

Physical Education
78%

67%

18%

40%

Mathematics

Computers
67%

56%

14%

22%

Motivations

Your top motivation factor is

This occupation is a

ACHIEVEMENT

GOOD MATCH

Match Results

Your Results

Achievement

Occupation Results

Independence
78%

72%

78%

83%

Working Conditions

Recognition
64%

50%

75%

72%

Relationships

Support
47%

39%

95%

33%

Compatibility
Obtain and study medical, psychological, social, and family histories by
interviewing individuals, couples, or families and by reviewing records.

Definitely

Consult with or provide consultation to other doctors, therapists, or clinicians


regarding patient care.

Definitely

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documents.

projects.

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Canada Research Chair Tier II in Adult Clinical Neuropsychology, Department of Psychology,


Faculty o Canada Research Chair Tier II in Adult Clinical Neuropsychology, Department of
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University of Calgary
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department, faculty, ... recognized key discoveries and transformative clinical research in the
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Dec 08, 2015

Clinical Psychology (Reserve)


U.S. Navy Reserve
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Helpful Links
Ontario:
College of Psychologists of Ontario
www.cpo.on.ca
British Columbia:
College of Psychologists of British Columbia
www.collegeofpsychologists.bc.ca
Alberta:
College of Alberta Psychologists

www.aset.ab.ca
Saskatchewan:
Saskatchewan College of Psychologists
www.skcp.ca
Prince Edward Island:
PEI Psychologists Registration Board
http://users.eastlink.ca/~peipsychologists
New Brunswick:
College of Psychologists of New Brunswick
www.cpnb.ca

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