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Star Wars: Episode IV A New Hope, originally released as Star Wars, is a 1977

science fantasy film written and directed by George Lucas. Ground-breaking in its
use of special effects, this, the first Star Wars movie, is among a handful of the most
successful films of all time and is generally considered one of the most influential as
well. The film was selected to be preserved by the Library of Congress as part of its
National Film Registry. The film was selected in 1989, the program's first year in
existence.

The film is set about 19 years after the formation of the Galactic Empire;
construction has finished on the Death Star, a weapon capable of destroying a
planet. After Princess Leia Organa, a leader of the Rebel Alliance, receives the
weapon's plans in the hope of finding a weakness, she is captured and taken to the
Death Star. Meanwhile, a young farmer named Luke Skywalker meets Obi-Wan
Kenobi, who has lived in seclusion for years on the desert planet of Tatooine. When
Luke's home is burned and his aunt and uncle killed, Obi-Wan begins Luke's Jedi
training as theyalong with Han Solo, Chewbacca, C-3PO and R2-D2attempt to
rescue the Princess from the Empire.
Inspired by films like the Flash Gordon serials and the samurai films of Akira
Kurosawa, as well as such critical works as Joseph Campbell's The Hero with a
Thousand Faces and Frank Herbert's Dune books, Lucas began work on Star Wars in
1974. Produced with a budget of US$11,000,000 and released on May 25, 1977, the
film became one of the most successful of all time, earning $215 million in the
United States and $337 million overseas during its original theatrical release, as
well as winning several film awards, including 10 Academy Award nominations. It
was re-released several times, sometimes with significant changes; the most
notable versions were the 1997 Special Edition and the 2004 DVD, which were
modified with CGI effects and recreated scenes. It was re-released in the Blu-ray
format in September of 2011.
http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Star_Wars:_Episode_IV_A_New_Hope
Star Wars is a science fiction franchise comprised of movies, books, comics, video
games, toys, and animated shows. It is a fictional universe created by George
Lucas. The Star Wars story employs archetypal motifs common to science fiction,
political climax and classical mythology, as well as musical motifs of those aspects.
As one of the foremost examples of the space opera sub-genre of science fiction,
Star Wars has become part of mainstream popular culture, as well as being one of
the highest-grossing series of all time. It is currently the fifth highest-grossing film
series under Harry Potter, Marvel Cinematic Universe, James Bond, and Middleearth.
Contents[show]
Overview
Atathoth
AT-ATs on Hoth

"George Lucas has achieved what few artists do; he has created and populated a
world of his own. His 'Star Wars' movies are among the most influential, both
technically and commercially, ever made."
Ebert & Roeper[src]
The Star Wars story has been presented in a series of American films, which have
spawned a large quantity of books and other media, which have formed the
Expanded Universe. The Star Wars mythos is also the basis of many toys and games
of varying types. The films and novels employ common science fiction motifs.
Whereas Gene Roddenberry's Star Trek, a science fantasy franchise that has
enjoyed long-lasting popularity in American popular culture, is portrayed by its
makers to appear as a rational and progressive approach to storytelling, Star Wars
has a strong mythic quality alongside its political and scientific elements.
Unlike the heroes of earlier space set sci-fi/fantasy film and TV series such as Star
Trek, the heroes of Star Wars are not militaristic types but romantic individualists.
College literature professors have remarked that the Star Wars saga, with its
struggle between good and evil, democracy and empire, can be considered a
national epic for the United States. The film has many visual and narrative
similarities to John Ford's "The Searchers" that also provides a clue to the
relationship between Leia Organa and Luke Skywalker.
The strong appeal of the Star Wars story probably accounts for its enduring
popularity; it has also been postulated that this popularity is based on nostalgia.
Many Star Wars fans first saw the films as children, and the revolutionary (for the
time) special effects and simple, Manichean story made a profound impact.
The Star Wars films show considerable similarity to Japanese Jidaigeki films, as well
as Roman mythology. Lucas has stated that his intention was to create in Star Wars
a modern mythology, based on the studies of his friend and mentor Joseph
Campbell. He has also called the first movie's similarity to the film The Hidden
Fortress (Akira Kurosawa) an "homage".
The Star Wars films portray a world full of grime and technology that looks like it
has been used for years, unlike the sleek, futuristic world typical of earlier science
fiction films. In interviews, Lucas tells of rubbing the new props with dirt to make
them look weatherworn. Lucas may have been inspired by the Sergio Leone
Spaghetti Western films of the 1960s, which performed a similar function on the
Western many years earlier. It is tempting to speculate that this break from
traditional science fiction film influenced the cyberpunk genre that emerged around
1984.
Officially-licensed Star Wars novels have been published since the original movie
was released in 1977. Although these novels are licensed by Lucas (meaning he
shares in the royalties), he retains ultimate creative control over the Star Wars
universe, forcing Lucas Licensing to devote considerable ongoing effort to ensuring
continuity between different authors' works and Lucas' films. Occasionally, elements
from these novels are adopted into the highest tier of Star Wars canon, the movies.

Books, games, and stories that are not directly derived from the six movies of Star
Wars are known as the Extended or Expanded Universe (EU for short). Lucas has
said that he does not deeply involve himself in the EU, choosing instead to
concentrate mainly on his movies instead of "the licensing world of the books,
games and comic books."
The original (1977) Star Wars (A New Hope) has been selected for preservation in
the United States National Film Registry.
In 1978, Lucas sued the creators of Battlestar Galactica for its similarity to Star
Wars, although the case was dismissed as having no merit in 1980 by a U.S. Federal
judge.
History
Before Star Wars
Although George Lucas had made a name for himself among some industry insiders
for his work at USC, it was not until the release of American Graffiti in August of
1973 that he reached stardom. The film grossed over $115 million at the box office
and was dollar-for-dollar the most profitable film in the history of Hollywood at the
time. Lucas' profit participation in Graffiti earned him over $7 million. Lucas was
now a millionaire and one of the most sought after young directors in the world.
Alan Ladd, Jr., then the head of Twentieth Century Fox, saw a smuggled print of
American Graffiti before it was released in theaters and was determined that Fox
was going to be the next studio to profit from Lucas' genius.
Lucas would later profit from an upcoming star in that movie: Harrison Ford. Star
Wars would further place Ford higher into stardom.
http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Star_Wars
A Galaxy of Possibilities Awaits You!
Star Wars: The Old Republic is the only massively-multiplayer online game with
a Free-to-Play option that puts you at the center of your own story-driven Star
Wars saga. Play as a Jedi, a Sith, a Bounty Hunter or as one of many other Star
Wars iconic roles and explore an age over three-thousand years before the classic
films. Become the hero of your own Star Wars adventure as you choose your path
down the Light or Dark side of the Force.
Key Features
Enjoy Choice and Flexibility
Play the complete story-driven adventure up to Level 50 for free with some
restrictions or enjoy unlimited game access as a Subscriber including a Rewards
Program which will grant Complimentary Cartel Coins, a new virtual currency used
to purchase valuable items in the Cartel Market. Learn More.
Define your Star Wars Saga

Choose from one of eight iconic roles and become the hero of your personal Star
Wars sagaan interactive storyline with cinematic dialogue and full voiceover for all
in-game characters.
Choose the Light Or Dark Side. Meaningful choices throughout your journey will
determine your path down the light or dark side of the Force.
Adventure With Companions
Build or break meaningful relationships with your companions as they join in your
journeys and fight at your side.
Engage in Heroic Star Wars Combat
Fight against reactive enemies in dynamic Lightsaber duels, cantina shootouts, and
large-scale multi-player battles.
Pilot Your Personal Starship
Earn your own ship which is your base of operations as you explore the galaxy and
participate in epic space combat.
Discover A Fully Featured MMO Join your friends in fast-paced combat encounters
including player-vs.-player Warzones, multi-player Flashpoints and Operations, and
much more.
http://www.swtor.com/info/overview
The Galactic Republic, commonly referred to simply as the Republic, and later also
known as the Old Republic, was the democratic union that governed the galaxy for a
thousand years prior to the rise of the Galactic Empire. The Republic was aided by
the efforts of the Jedi Order, who stood as the guardians of peace and justice,
enabling the Republic to be free of full-scale conflict for over a thousand years.
However thirty-two years before the Battle of Yavin, the Galactic Republic suffered
its first major crisis in millennia during the Invasion of Naboo, which ultimately led
to the Clone Wars ten years later.
During this galaxy-wide conflict, the Republic underwent a massive military buildup
through the support of Senators in the Galactic Senate, who were led by the
democratically elected Supreme Chancellor, Palpatine. Unbeknownst to all but a
select few, Palpatine was in reality the Dark Lord of the Sith, and had engineered
the crisis to supplant himself as Galactic Emperor, effectively doing so nineteen
years before the Battle of Yavin. After the Jedi had learned of his true nature,
Palpatine enacted Order 66, a protocol engineered into the clone troopers of the
newly formed Grand Army of the Republic to turn against their Jedi masters,
effectively wiping away the Jedi Order in an instantall while Palpatine announced
the creation of the first Galactic Empire.
http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Galactic_Republic
The Galactic Empire, also known as the New Order, the First Galactic Empire, the
Order or simply the Empire, was the government that rose to power in the

aftermath of the Clone Wars, replacing the Galactic Republic. Central authority was
given to Darth Sidious, publicly known as Emperor Palpatine, who was also the Dark
Lord of the Sith. For nearly two decades, the legislative body was the Imperial
Senate, but it was dissolved by the Emperor shortly before the Battle of Yavin.
During the reign of the Empire, countless star systems were conquered and
dissident actions ruthlessly stamped out by the rapidly expanding Imperial Army
and Navy. The Empire also oversaw the near extermination of the Jedi, with the
destruction of the Jedi Temple on Coruscant and its renovation into the newly named
Imperial Palace.
http://starwars.wikia.com/wiki/Galactic_Empire