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# '.

C.40942"

Name........................................ .

(Pages: 2)

Reg.

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No~ ... ~ .................~~ ...

APRIL 2013

(2009 Scheme)

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## [Regular I Iinpr~ment I Supplementary]

Time: Three Hours

Maximum: 70 Marks

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Part A

1. Show that the volumetric sttain of a body is the algebraic sum of the linear strains in three mutually

perpendicular directions:
2. Derive ~m expression for the shear stress produced in a circular shaft subjected to torsion.
3. State the assumptions involved in the theory of simple bending.

## 4; Define and explain principal planes and princip'al stre"sses.

5. Write the assumptions made in Ewer's theory of columns. Also mention its limitations ..
(5 x 2 =':10 marks)
PartB

1. Define stress, strain and elasticity; Derive a relatioI1between stress and strain of an elastic body.

. 2. Show that the volumetric strain of a body is the algebraic sum of the iinear strains in three mutually
perpendicular dIrections.
3. Derive an expressi(~m for the shear stress produced in a circular shaft which is subjected to torsion.
What are the assumptions made in the above derivatiori?
.

. '

'

4. The maximum shear stress experienced by a shaft of diameter 70 mm is 70 MPa. Compute shear
stress at a pOint where the radius of35 mm.
5. Explain Maximum principal strain theory, Maximum strain energy theory offailure that governs
the design of a stressed system.
6 .. Derive the Eulers formula for a column hinged at both ends ..
(4)( 5 = 20 marks)

parte
1. Three bars made of Copper, Zinc and Aluminum are equal'len\tth and have 'cross-sectional areas
of 400, 800 arid 1200 mm2 respectively. They are rigidly connected at their ends. If compound
member is subjected to a longitudinal pull of 350 kN, .estimate the proportion of load carried by
each bar and induced stresses. Take elastic 'moduli of Copper, Zinc and Aluminum to be
1.2 x 105 N/mm2 1.0)( 105 N/mm2 and 0.89)( 105 N/mm2 respectively.
Or

Turn over

C40942

2. ,The modulus ofrigidityof a material is 0.8 x 105 N/mm2.When a 6 mm x 6 mm rod ofthis material
. was subjected to an'axial pull of 3600N itwasfo\lnd that the lateral dimension of the rod changed
to 5.9991 mm )( 5:9991 mm' Findthe Poisson's ratio and the modulus of elasticity.
'.

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,.,

3. A solid circular ~haft transmits 75 KW at 2OO.r.p.m. Calculate the shaft diameter ifthe twist in the
shaft is not exceed 10 in 2 metres length of shaft and the shearing ~t:ress is limited to 50N/mm2;
Take C = 1',JtOSNhmil2 .
...
.
. .

Or
4. Draw shear force benctin.g moment diagrams for the cantilever beam shown in,Fig. 1.

..II ...

ItO ..

. Fig.I,

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. 5; Two ,wooden planks 150 mm x 50mm each are connected to form aT-section of a beam. If the
movement of 3.4 kNm is applied around the horizontal neutral axis, inducing tension below the
neutral axis, find the stresses at the extreme fibers of the cross-section. Also calculate the total
tensile force on the cross-section.

'

.
Or

6. A steel girder of~uniform section, 14 metres long is simply supported at its ends. It carries
concentratedJoads ol'90'kN and 60 kN.at two points 3 metres and 24.5 meters from the two ends
respectively. Calculate:
(a) The def1eetion of girder at the points under the two loads ;
(b) The maximum de~tion

## Take E = 200 GNIm2.

7. The A rectangular block ofmaterial is subjected to a tensile stress of looN/mm2 on a one plane and
a tensile stress of 50 N~2 on a plane at right angles, Wgether with shear stresses of SOpa on the
same planes.
..
.
Find:
(a) The direction of the principal planes

..

## (c) , The magnitude of the greatest shear stress.

Or
, 8. A coluinn with one end hinged andother end fixed has a length of 5 m. and a hollow circular
cross~section of outer diameter 100 IIiIn. and wall thickness 10 nun. IfE = 1.S x 105 N/mm2 and
crushingstrengthf= 350 N/mm2, find the load that the column may carry with a factor of safety
of2.5 acCording to Euler theory and Rankine-Gordon theory. Take a =114500.
r

(4 x 10 =40 marks)

## THIRD SEMESTER B.TECH. (ENGINEERING) DEGREE

EXAMINATION, DECEMBER 2009
ME/AM 04 304/AE 04-304-MECHANICS

OF SOLIDS

1. (a) Distinguish between isotropic, anisotropic and orthotropic materials. Give examples.
(b) Write a short note on : Saint Venant's principle.
(c) Write a note on sign conventions for bending moment and shear force.
(d) Write a note on Torsion of thin hollow sections.
(e) Write a note on shear center and its uses.
(f)

examples.

## bending may take place, with

(g) Derive the formula for validity limit of Euler's formula in terms of yield stress and Ur ratio.
(h) Write a note on End conditions and theoretical

## solutions for columns.

(8 x 5 = 40 marks)

2. (a) A short concrete 300 x 300 mm. is reinforced with four steel bars of 16 mm. diameter, one in
each corner. When an axial load of 2.2 MN is applied in the column, calculate the stresses
induced in concrete and steel. Assume Ec = 14 GPa and Es = 210 GPa.

Or

## (ii) Show thatfor an isotropic linearly elastic solid, volume strain

cSt'
] (
V
= E ax

+ a) + a z) (l - 2:).

(9 marks)
3. (a) (i) A composite shaft ABC of length L, has two portions AB and AC of different
diameters, lengths and rigidity modulii. Ends A and C are fixed. A torque T is applied at
the junction B. Find the twisting couple exerted at the fixed points A and C.
(10 marks)
(ii) Write a note on singularity

## functions and their uses.

(5 marks)

Or
(b) (i) A thin tube of 100 mm. diameter and thickness 1 mm. is under a torque of 100 kg.m. Find
the strain energy per volume stored and the total energy, if the length is 5 ID.
Take 6 = 8 x 105 kg.lcm.2
(10 marks)
(5 marks)

4. (a) (i) Find the shear deflection, bending deflection and total deflection for an edge loaded
cantilever beam of rectangular cross-section.
(7 marks)
(ii) In an attempt to make a beam which combines light weight with high stiffness, 6 mm.
steel plates are rivetted to the top and bottom of an aluminium alloy I beam for which
Ixx = 2375 cm.4 By what ratio is the stiffness of the I beam increased by the addition of
steel plates and what is the ratio of the bending stress in steel and aluminium?
E see
t 1= 2 x 106 kgf/cm.2, EA}= 0.667 x 106 kgf/cm.2
.

Analyse the bending of a cantilever beam with a point load at the free end for stresses and
compare the solutions with those obtained using elementary strength of materials approach.
(15 marks)
5. (a) (i) Explain the "Theory of columns and buckling".
(ii) In a three element data rosette, the strain
respectively. Find the principal strains.

(6 marks)
are 1000, 720 and 600 ~cm!cm.

(b) Determine the Euler's crippling load for a hollow cylindrical steel column of 38 mm. external
diameter and 33 mm internal diameter. The length of the column is 2.4 m. and is hinged
at both ends. Also determine
the buckling
formula.
Use
2
constants: 320 N/mm. and 1/7500, E = 205 GPa.
(15 marks)
[4 x 15 = 60 marks]

## THIRD SEMESTER B.TECH. (ENGINEERING) DEGREE

EXAMINATION, JUNE 2009
MEIAM 04 304-MECHANICS

OF SOLIDS

1. (a) Define Poisson's ratio, Hookes Law and bulk modules of elasticity.

## (c) State and explain theory of torsion.

(d) Draw the bending moment and shear force diagrams for the cantilever loaded at its free end.
(e) Discuss the moment area method for deflection, stating the relevant theorems.
(f) Explain: Shear formula from equations of equilibrium of beams.
(h) In a three element data rosette, the strain readings are 1000, 720 and 600 ~ em. / cm.
respectively. Find the principles strains.

## 2. (a) (i) Write a short note on :

Saint Venant's principle.

(ii) What is the necessity of stress-strain relations? What is their minimum number necessary
for the complete solution of a general problem in elasticity?

(b) (i) A sleeve of brass is just stepped over another sleeve of steel at a temperature
now, the assembly cools to room temperature
and mutual

pressure

between

of 65C. If

## the two sleeves. Mean diameters

and thicknesses

of brass and steel sleeves are 51.25 cm., 47.5 cm. and 1.25 cm. and 2.5 cm E & a for steel
= 2 x 106 kgf / cm2. and 12 x 10-6 / DC. E & a for brass = 9 x 105 kgf / cm2 and
9 x 10-6 1C.
(10 marks)
(5 marks)

## 3. (a) Write a short note on :

(i) Singularity functions and their uses.

(5 marks)

(5 marks)

## (iii) Torsion of thin hollow sections.

(5 marks)

(b) A solid shaft is required to transmit 330 kW at 120 r.p.m. The shear stresses in the material
should not exceed 80 MPa. Find the diameter required. If the shaft is replaced by a hollow
shaft with a diameter ratio 3 : 5, maximum shear stress remaining the same, calculate the
percentage saving in weight that could be obtained.

4. (a) (i) Explain the two reasons because of which unsymmetrical bending may take place, with
examples.

(ii) Find the shear deflection, bending deflection and total deflection for an edge loaded
cantilever of rectangular cross-section.

-(b)

A steel beam of symmetrical I section 150 mm. deep has flanges 80 mm. wide and 10 mm.
thick and 6 mm. thick. Compare its flexural strength with that of a beam of rectangular
section of same weight, the depth being twice its breadth.

5. (a) At a point in a strained material, the resultant intensity of stress across a plane is 50 MPa
tensile, inclined at 45 to the normal. The normal component of intensity of stress across a
plane at right angles to it is 40 MPa. tensile. Find the principal stresses and principal planes.
Locate also the plane of maximum shear stress and the magnitude of maximum shear stress.
(15 marks)

(6 marks)
(ii) Derive the formula for validity limit of Euler's formula in terms of yield stress and VI'
ratio.
(9 marks)
[4 x 15

= 60 marks]

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