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INTERNATIONAL GENERAL

CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

01
01

Observation:
Over speeding of vehicles were noticed in
the site area.

Hazard & Consequences:


Over speeding can lead to accident at site
which can result up to loss of life of worker,
properties damage and can affect the work
progress at site

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Time Scale

Immediate action:
Establish & enforcement of site rules for
safe driving.

Immediate

Put Signs for drivers and pedestrians in


a workplace road
Disciplinary action to be taken against
driver for over speeding

Short term:
Drivers should be trained for safe
driving.

1 Week

Fixed traffic control measures such as


speed humps, chicanes and rumble
strips should be implemented

1 Week

Speed control system should be


implemented.

1 Week

Long Term:
Segregated traffic routes for vehicles.

03
02

Observation:
Risk of trips and falls due to trailing cables in
the work area.
Workplace (Health, Safety and Welfare)
Regulations 1992.
.

Hazard & Consequences:


Trips and falls can cause severe injury to
worker.

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Immediate action:

1 Month

Cable management should be followed;


trailing cables should be managed
immediately.

Immediate

Short term:

One week

Good Housekeeping

Long Term:
Monitor and check workplace regularly.
Make employees aware of the hazards
by providing information and training.

Regular

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

03

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Time Scale

Observation:

Immediate action:

Excavation trench was found without any


barriers & caution boards and the welding
crew moving very close and single worker
was working in trench without presence of
another worker working above ground.

Stop the work unless other worker joins


him to work above ground.

Immediate

Hard barricading around the excavation


area and good visible signages
including placing warning light for night
as well.

Immediate

Provide diversions for vehicle


movement & persons.

Immediate

Hazard & Consequences:


Hazard associated with Excavation trench
are;
-Falls into trenches or excavations
-Tripping over equipment, debris and spoil

Short term:

1 weeks

-Excavated material or other objects falling

-Provide flickering light if any activities


required at night

on workers

-provide training to workers

2 days

Hazards involving excavations, in particular


trenches, can lead to serious incidents
involving workers at construction sites.

Long Term:
Ensure prescribed measures and
procedures are carried out in the
workplace
Prepare and review, at least annually, a
written occupational health and safety
policy for the workplace, and develop
and maintain a program to implement
that policy.

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Regular
Annual

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

04

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Observation:

Immediate action:

Path way blocked by construction materials


such as bricks, debris.

Remove debris and excavated soil near


excavation site [s. 232]

Hazard & Consequences:

Short term:

Blocked path may lead to slip, trip and fall.


And a severe injury can be happened.

Two Week

Long Term:

One Month

Housekeeping to be maintained

Observation

Immediate action:

Risk of falling object from scaffold platform


due to loose tools stored on scaffold platform
having no guardrails around it.

Loose tools and materials should be


secured properly on all elevated
platforms

Hazard & Consequences:

Worker exposed to falling objects must


have worn a hard safety hat and place
guardrails around the scaffold.

The fall of materials, or tools or equipment


from scaffold platform might injure person.

Immediate

Proper designated area should be


proved for the stacking of materials.

Improve work layout with designated


walk way.

05

Time Scale

Regularly

Immediate

Short term:
All worker should be trained to
understand the proper way to use these
tools & instruments and to identify
hazards

One week

Long Term:
Visitors should not be allowed access to
construction sites unless accompanied
by or authorised by a competent person
and provided with the appropriate
protective equipment

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Regularly

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

06

Observation:

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Immediate action:

Workers were found to work at height


without safety belt and other proper fall
protection

Good access to a safe working position


to be provided (platform with toe board,
guardrail)

Hazard & Consequences:

Short term:

falls from height lead to many serious and


fatal injuries injuries

Provide adequate
extinguishers

signage

&

fire

Long Term:
Proper awareness training should be
provided

07

08

Observation:

Immediate action:

Workers were found smoking near the waste


hazardous materials stacked area, which
may lead to a fire accident.

Separate smoking booth/area to be


provided with adequate
ventilator /
exhaust and dustbin

Hazard & Consequences:

Short term:

Smoking near waste hazardous material


can lead fire at workplace and will lead to
property damage and sometime loss of
human life

Provide adequate
extinguishers

Observation:

Immediate action:

No appropriate PPEs is worn by the


workforce except helmet.

Hazard & Consequences:


Working without proper and adequate PPE
can lead to severe hazard to worker e.g.
working without safety glass can lead to
damage of eye, working without mask can
lead to lungs problem etc.

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signage

&

fire

Long Term:
Proper awareness training should be
provided

Time Scale

Immediate

One week
Regularly

Immediate

One Week
Regularly

Immediate

Provide PPE to the worker.


Implement & enforcement of site safety
rules.

Immediate

Short term:
Conduct proper in-house training for
the usage of PPEs & its importance

One Week

Long Term:
Regular Monitoring.

Regular

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

09

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Observation:

Immediate action:

2nos. depressurized fire extinguishers were


found in the hazardous material stacked
area.

Mentioned fire extinguishers to be


replaced

Hazard & Consequences:

Fire extinguisher to be inspected


periodically and records to be
maintained

Every Month

Long Term:

Recommended

This can cause delay while extinguishing


fire during any fire emergency and Can
increase the severity of accident.

Observation:
Welding performed in wet conditions to fix
the entry gate.

Hazard & Consequences:


Electrical hazard
Risk of electric shock

Immediate action:
Welding cables to be laid away from
wet conditions.

Short term:
Working Surface should be kept clean
and dry.

Long Term:
Continuous monitoring of work-place

11

Observation:
Very high noise was coming out from
concrete pump.

Hazard & Consequences:


Noise hazards. Exposure to high noise
more than 85 dB for long period can risk of
temporary hearing loss or threshold shift
arising from noise

Immediate action:

Immediate

Within day

Regularly

Limit the duration of exposure.

Immediate

Ear muffs to be provided

Immediate

Short term:
Proper maintenance should be done
and tool box talks to be conducted on
hazards of noise exposure

Long Term:
Continuous monitoring of workplace
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Immediate

Short term:

Approved 3rd party certified fire


extinguishers to be in used

10

Time Scale

Two weeks

Continuous

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

12

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Observation:

Immediate action:

Heavy dust from circular saw and hammer


drills

Limit the duration of exposure

Hazard & Consequences:


Risk of lung disease or skin irritation

Appropriate shift schedules and break


.

Observation:
Observed one employee sitting in office in
odd posture in front of computer

Hazard & Consequences:


Ergonomic Hazard
WRULD, Eyes strain, Back pain,
Cervical spondylosis

One week

Long Term:

Continuous

Immediate action:
Provide frequent breaks

Observed that there was no notice board to


give the information about procedures and
different information to workers to update.

Hazard & Consequences:


Disciplinary Hazard.
Lack of knowledge and information
(Regulatory, Company policies, & working
procedures), un competent workers, and
development of negative culture.

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Immediate

Short term:
Provide proper training for sitting
posture on chair.
Make the assessment of workplace to
provide standard DSE arrangements to
suit the worker.
Provide DSE instead of Computer.

Observation:

Immediate

Provide Respiratory mask

Long Term:
14

Immediate

Short term:

Monitoring

13

Time Scale

One week

One month

One month

Immediate:
There must be a supervisor who
informed to workers about rules and
laws about their specific job.

Immediate

Short Term:
There must be one notice board
containing company policy, Rules &
Regulations and other information.

One week

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Time Scale

Long Term:
Conduct inspection and provide training
to employee and keep them update
about company rules, laws and job
related information.

15

Observation:

Immediate:

It was noticed that worker working on substandard / in-complete scaffolding at the


site. No toe boards and guardrails are
provided and some place planks are
missing.

Stop working on the scaffolding

Hazard & Consequences:


Fall Hazards
Injuries due to the collapse of scaffolds
Falls from ladders or scaffolds during the
erection

16

Short Term:

One week

Use standard materials for scaffolding

One week

Guard rails and mid rails should be in


place.

One week

All scaffolders should be experienced


and trained.

One week

A trained scaffold supervisor should


supervise the job and inspect and
certify before use.

One week

Immediate:

There were no proper washing areas for


workers.

Following good hygiene practices.

Biological Hazard.
Biological hazards due to poor personal
hygiene can cause health problems such
as infections and diseases.

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Immediate

Scaffolding shall be erected by skilled


persons.

Observation:

Hazard & Consequences:

Ongoing

Immediate

Short Term:
Training to employees and give them
information about personal hygiene.

One week

Long Term:
Build up a washing area for workers
nearby workers changing room/ locker
area and provide proper ventilation
system.

One Month

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

17

Observation:
Toilet facility found to be clean and hygienic
Workplace

18

Observation:
Flammable materials such as paint, diesel
and petrol are not stored in properly at site.

Hazard & Consequences:


Fire hazards
Flammable materials can lead to fire at
work site.

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Immediate:
No action required
Long Term:
Monitor cleanliness

Continuous

Immediate:

Immediate

Keep flammable material separately with


name board.

Short Term:
Provide proper shade with adequate
signage.
Keep flammable material separately with
name board.
MSDS to be made available with the
material.
Have the fire fighting equipment in
readiness.

19

Observation:

Immediate:

Trailing Cables were laid down on the floor


and leading to the panel of welding work.

Secure trailing cables left unattended on


the floor surfaces. remove
Obstructions in the walkway.

Hazard & Consequences:


Risk of slip, trip and fall hazards (accident
hazards)
Risk of slip, trip and fall of workers in the
workplace area which may cause cuts and
bone fractures.

Short Term:
Ensure proper housekeeping of the
Workplace on daily basis. Make plans to
reroute electrical cables.

Long Term:
Monitor and check cables. make
employees aware of the hazards by
Providing instructions and supervision.

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Time Scale

One day
Always
Always
Always
Immediate

Two day

One week

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

20

Observation:

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Immediate:

First Aid Box was available but was not


adequately stocked.
Health and Safety (First Aid) Regulations

First Air Box to be stocked with all


required items (medicine, band-aids,
ointments etc.)

Hazard & Consequences:

Long Term:

Sudden injuries or illnesses, some of which


may be life-threatening, occur at work.

Monitor
Expired items to be replaced timely.
Evaluation the need to be done for
additional first-aid kits at the worksite,
including additional first-aid equipment
and supplies.

21

Observation

Immediate:

The plug sockets on extension board used


to operate the drilling machine was broken
and in very badly maintained condition.

Remove the equipment from use


immediately and check it, repair
(Repairs should only be carried out by
a competent person) it or replace it.

Hazard & Consequences:

Short Term:

Electrical hazard.
Electricity can kill or severely injure people
and cause damage to property.

Tool box talk to contractors & workers


on precautionary measures while
working on electrical equipment.

Time Scale

Immediate

Continuous
Continuous
One months

Immediate

Three day

Long Term:
Make sure electrical equipment,
including portable appliances, should
be more formally inspected or tested by
a competent person

22

Observation

Immediate:

Rigger was not present during lifting of


pipes also there was no tag lines attached
with the suspended load.

Rigger should be present at the


worksite all the time during lifting
process; tag line should be attached
with the suspended load to control.

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One Month

Immediately

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

Hazard & Consequences:


Falling and collapse Hazard
Can lead to personal injury due to improper
lifting, persons caught between pipe and
pipe layer during lifting and equipment
damage.

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Short Term:

Time Scale

One Week

All personnel should be trained for


lifting safety process.
Proper lifting practice should be
prepared and should be followed by all
personnel.

Long Term:

One Week
Regularly

Monitor lifting activities regularly.

Immediate:
23

Observation:
There was no safe access from staircase
level to platform

Hazard & Consequences:


Fall from height hazard

Worker can fall from height which can


lead to injuries

Replace the staircase with other of


appropriate height.

Short Term:
Create the awareness of hazard among
workforce and provide proper training
for use of equipment

Long Term:
Monitoring
24

Immediate

Observation:

Immediate:

There was no safe access from staircase


level to platform

Replace the staircase with other of


appropriate height.

One Week

Regularly

Immediate

Hazard & Consequences:


Fall from height hazard
Worker can fall from height which can lead
to injuries

Short Term:
Create the awareness of hazard among
workforce and provide proper training
for use of equipment

Long Term:
Monitoring
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One Week

Regularly

INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Item

25

Observation:

Person was carrying out steel


reinforcement without face shield.
Hazard & Consequences:
High risk of getting damaged eyes and face..

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Immediate:
Stop the work immediately

Short Term:
Provide the face shield

Observation:

Observation:
There was no safe access/egress for
movement inside the structure
Hazard & Consequences:
Trip, fall and slip hazards.
With no proper access and space inside
structure can lead to trip and fall, which can
result into injuries.

Immediate

Two days

Long Term:
Monitor reinforcement activities
regularly.

26

Time Scale

Immediate:

Regularly
Immediate

Inter inside structure with all PPEs

Short Term:
Avoid going inside structure unless it is urgent
requirements.

Three week

Long Term:
Fix the structure to have good
access/egress for movement inside the
structure
Six Month

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INTERNATIONAL GENERAL
CERTIFICATE
(2011 specification)

Candidates observation sheet

IGC3 THE HEALTH AND


SAFETY PRACTICAL APPLICATION

Student Name:

Ajit Kumar

Student Number:

Place Inspected: L&T Const. Site for Effluent Treatment Plant

Control Measures
Immediate/longer term action

Time Scale

Good Practices

Maintain

Keep it up

Store house and maintenance workshop was


away from hazardous area and it was well ventilated
and managed everything in good order is a good
practice.

Maintain it because it is good


practice.

Keep up

Drinking water filters changed after regular


intervals is a good practice to maintain good health of
employees.

Maintain it because it is good


practice.

Keep up

Canteen was near to rest rooms and well


maintains and comfort and cleaned and hygienic foods
were provided.

Maintain it because it is good


practice.

Keep up

Item

Observation
Hazards and Consequences

Date of Inspection: 10 / 12 / 2015.

Good Practices:

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