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.
,
,
88.
1881 .
.
, ,
, ,
87

. . 195. . . 529. . 182. . 7373 ().


. . 448. ().
, ; . . 1. . 9. . 244 ().
44

88


89. ,
90.
. 1881 .

, 91.
, , ,
.
, ,
, ,
,

92, , ..
.
.
(
( , ))
. , ,
, ,
. ,
,
. .
, 1881 .
93.
. ,
,
89

. . 195. . . 529. . 182. . 98 ().


.
91
. . 100100 ().
92
. . 448. ().
, ; . . 1. . 3. .10.
93
. . 195. . . 529. . 182. . 107.
45
90

.
, ,
1881 . ,
94.
1882 .

. .
.
,
1880 .,
.

. - ,
95.
, .
, ,

. ,
, .

.
, ,

96. , ,
,
, , .

.
94

. . 195. . . 529. . 182. . 110 ().


. . 118.
96
. . 118 ().
95

46

,
, ,
,

.
,
,
, ,
97.
-
. 1882 . ,

, ;
98,
,

, ,
, 99.
. ,
:
, - ,


, ,
. ,

,
97

. . 448. ().
, ; . . 1. . 3. . 77 ().
98
. . 41 ().
99
.
47

. ,

, 100. ,
,
.
, , .
1882 .
, .
- 22 1882 .
.
. ,
XIX . .

, ,


,
. ,
,

XIX .


.
.
100

. . 448. ().
, ; . . 1. . 3. . 41 ()42.
48

, ,
, ,
, ,
. , ,

,
. , .
, , , ,
,
, .

.
.
, ,
. :
,
, ,
,
101.
, .
, , ,
. , , ,
.

,
.
, ,
, ,

101

. . 195. . . 529. . 182. . 128.


49

.
, , - 1876 .
, , -
102.
, ,
. , ,
. ,
, , ,
103.

, ,
.

. .
,
. ,
,
.


, . ,
, , ,

,


102

Dennett T. Americans in Eastern Asia: A Critical Study of the Policy of the United States with
Reference to China, Japan and Korea in the 19th century. N.Y., 1922. P. 461.
103
Treat P.J. China and Korea, 18851894 // Political Science Quarterly. December, 1934. Vol. 49. No.
4. . 512.
50

. , ,


. ,
, , ,
.

, . . .
, ,
, , . ,
, ,
1876 .
, .
, ,

.
XIX . . ,
, , ,
.
,
.
.

2. - 1880- .

1883 .

51


104.

, 1883 .,
, 1905 .,
,

.
, .

.
, ,
, ,
, . ,
,
,
, ,
.
, ,
,

105.
12
1883 .
, 1887 .,

, ,
104

. Lee Yur-Bok. Diplomatic Relations between the United States and Korea, 18661887. N.Y., 1970.
. 5285.
105
Quoted by Korean-American Relations. Documents pertaining to the Far Eastern Diplomacy of the
United States. Volumes 3. Vol.1. The initial period, 18831886 / ed. by G.M. McCune, J.A. Harrison.
Berkeley, 1951. P. 4.
52

,
.

, ,

,
106.

,
107.
, .
1880- .
, . ,
(1882 .)108 ,
. ,
.
. 19 1883 .,
, (
) ,
. ,
.
()
, 109.
106

Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P.5.


. Ibid.
108
( ,
,
( ), ( ) ..
1882 . .
, .
.
3 . . .
.
. (..)
109
Foote to Frelinghuysen. May 24, 1883. No. 6 // FRUS, 1883. . 241242.
53
107


,
.
C ,
-,
, . ,
, , 1882 . ,
.
1883 .
, ,
. ,
,
,
..110
,

, 111.

.. .
, ,
,
. ,
112.
,
.
, , ,
110

Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:


http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA
111
Foulke to Secretary of Navy, enclosure to No. 128. Foote to Freylinghuysen. December 17, 1884 //
KAR. Vol.1. P. 105.
112
Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P. 5.
54

,
,

, ,
.
, 1880- .
.
, ;
,
. , , ,
.
, .
-.
.

,
.
.

. 17 1883 .

: ,
;

113. ,
- ,
. , 1884 .,

113

Frelinghuysen to Foote. No. 3. March 17, 1883 // KAR. Vol.1. . 2329.


55

,
114.
, ,
.
: ,
,
, , :
, ,
115.
,
-
.
,
. ,

. , ,

116. .
,
.
,
. 1883 . , ,
,
.
, -
- .
.
114

Foote to Frelinghuysen. December 17, 1884. No. 128 // KAR. Vol.1. . 97101.
Quoted by Finch M. Min Yong-hwan: A Political Biography. Honolulu, 2002. P. 14.
116
Foulk`s Report. Enclosure to Foote to Frelinghuysen. December 17, 1884. No. 128 // KAR. Vol.1.P.
101111.
56
115

- .
,

,
.
18831884 .

,
.
.
, ,
.
117. ,
,

118.
, , ,
, ,
119.
26 1884 . .
, 120.
, .
,

121.


117

Foote to Frelinghuysen. July 19, 1883. No. 17 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 31.


Foote to Frelinghuysen. October 19, 1883. No. 32. Ibid. P. 5354.
119
Ibid. P. 54.
120
Foote to Frelinghuysen. pril 26, 1884. No. 66. Ibid. P. 73.
121
Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P. 7.
118

57

. 5 1883 .
122.
.
.. 13 1883 .: <...>
, ,
. ,
,

. ,
- ,
,

-.

,
, .
, , ,
123.
1883 . ,
,
,
.
,
,

, .
, ()
, -
. , ,
.
.

122
123

Foote to Frelinghuysen. July 13, 1883. No. 14 // FRUS, 1883. P. 244.


Ibid. . 244245.
58

,
, .
, , ,
, ,
. ,
.
, , ,
124.
,
, ,
125 .
, ,
-
. ,

126. ,
,
, ,
127.
,
. , .. ,
, ,
,
.

124

Quoted by 1883. Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [
URL:
].
http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
125
Ibid.
126
Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P. 6.
127
Ibid.
59

18831884 .
,
. 128.
1884 .
. ,
, , , 129.
.
4 1884 .,
130. , ,
.
, ,
, ,
. 5
,
, , ,
131, , ,
.
, <...>
132.
, ,
, ,
128

Quoted by KAR. Vol. 1. P. 7.


Foulks Report. Enclosure to Foote to Frelinghuysen. December 17, 1884. No. 128 // KAR. Vol. 1..
101111.
130
,
,
,
. , ( ,
, , , .)
. .
. 1500
. . .
, , ,
. (..).
131
Foote to Frelinghuysen. December 7, 1884. No. 128 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 98.
132
Ibid.
60
129

- ,
. ,
,
.
, . ,
,
,
, , , ,
133.
. 14
. ,
,
,
. ,
134. ,
,

, , ,
, Ta, .
, 29 ,
135 , 2
1885 . ,
136.
, ,
133

Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:


http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
134
Ibid.
135
Foote to Frelinghuysen. December 29, 1884. No. 135 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 114.
136
Foote to Frelinghuysen. January 2, 1885. No. 138. Ibid. P. 115.
61

,
137.
, ,
, . ,
.
. ,
, .
138 139
.
, 1885 .

, .
. ,
,

. ,
, , ,
,

.
.
,
, 140.
: ,
137

Foote to Frelinghuysen. January 2, 1885. No. 138 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 115.


9 1885 ., ,
, ,
. (..).
139
18 1885 .,
,
,
. 22
, . (..).
140
Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P. 3.
62
138


141, . ,


.

,

, , ,

.
,
- .


, 7
1884 .
- 142.
,
143. ,
(),
, ,
, 144.
, ,
, ,
145.
, 1885 ., ..
141

Quoted by KAR. Vol.1. P. 3.


Frelinghuysen to Foote. July 14, 1884. No. 58 // KAR. Vol.1.P. 36.
143
Foote to Frelinghuysen. September 17, 1884. No. 112. Ibid. P. 37.
144
Ibid.
145
Frelinghuysen to Foote. November 5, 1884. No. 10. Ibid. P 38.
142

63

.

.
, .

. , ,

,
,
146. , , ,
,
.


.
,
, , -.
1885 .
,
.
,
, ,
147.
, , ,
, .

146

Dennett T. Early American Policy in Korea, 18831887 // Political Science Quarterly. March 1923.
Vol. 38. N. 1. . 93.
147
Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:
http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
64

,
,

148. ,
,
.


.
,
, .
, ,
,
149.
, , ,
, .
.
,
150.
, ,

.
,
,
.

148

Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:


http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
149
Ibid.
150
Foulk to Bayard. September 1, 1885. No. 223 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 8485.
65

, ,
, ,
-

[],

151.
,
152,
.
,

153.
, ,
154.
,
. ,
.

1884 .,

.
- 1886 .

, .

, ,
,
151

Foulk to Bayard.May 19, 1885. No. 172// KAR. Vol.1. P. 74.


. 1882 .
. (..).
153
Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:
http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA
154
Ibid.
66
152

155.
. ,

. , ,
1885 ., 156.
- , ,
. ,

157. . , . , ,
,
158.
,
, ,
.
159.
,
.

,
. ,
,

,
. ,

155

Foulk to Bayard. July 5, 1885. No. 192 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 82.


Foulk to Bayard. August 4, 1885. No. 211. Ibid. P. 120.
157
Foulk to Bayard. June 26, 1885. No: 188. Ibid. P. 79.
158
Foulk to Bayard. June 16, 1885. No. 180. Ibid. P. 77.
159
Ibid. P. 7778.
156

67

, , ,
160.
,
,
, ,
. , . ,
, .
, ,
.

, .
,
, , ,

, .
,
. , ,
.


1885 . ,
, ,
. ,
,
, ,
,
161.

160
161

Foulk to Bayard. June 23, 1885. No. 186 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 78.
Foulk to Bayard. October 15, 1885. No. 240. Ibid. P. 135.
68


.


, , .
, ,
,
, , 162.
,
.
- ,
.
, . ,
,
.
,
163. ,

, 18 1886 .
. 1886 .,
, . .
,
. -
. ,
, .
1886 .
, . ,
, .
162
163

Foulk to Bayard. November 25, 1885. No. 255 // KAR. Vol.1. P. 140.
Ibid.
69

,
, . ,
9 1886 .
- .
30 1886 . ,
, ,
,
,

164. , ,

,
,

165. , ,
, ,
47 1884 .
, 1885 .166. ,
,
, ,
, 167.
, , ,

, ,

164

Kim Yun-shik to Rockhill, December 30, 1886 // Korean-American Relations. Documents pertaining
to the Far Eastern Diplomacy of the United States. Volumes 3. Vol.2. The Period of Growing Influence,
1887-1895 / ed. by S.J. Palmer. Berkeley, 1963. P. 5657.
165
Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:
http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
166
Rockhill to Bayard. January 3, 1887. No. 46 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 60.
167
Kim Yun-shik to Rockhill, December 30, 1886. Ibid. P. 5657.
70

168. ,
169. : ,
- , -
170.
,
: , -
, 171.
, , , .

.
, 1887
. , , ,
.
, -
,
172. , ,
173. 13 ,
,
174.

, . 31
1887 . , ,
, -
, ,
-

168

Rockhill to President of the Korean Foreign Office. December 31, 1886 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 58.
Foulk to Rockhill. Jany 2, 1887. Ibid. P. 5859
170
Rockhill to President of the Korean Foreign Office. January 11, 1887. Ibid. P. 61.
171
Kim Yun-shik to Rockhill. March 28, 1887. Ibid.P. 64.
172
Rockhill to Bayard. January 24, 1887. No. 52. Ibid. P. 62.
173
Dinsmore to Bayard. May 3, 1887. No. 14. Ibid. P. 6673.
174
Ibid. P. 67.
169

71

175.
. ,
1884 .

,
, , ,
176.
,
, ,
, .

, .

.
,
-
- , ,
- ,
, ,
,
177. ..
, ,
. ,
, ..
,
,
178.
175

Dinsmore to Bayard. May 3, 1887. No. 14 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 67.


Dinsmore to President of the Korean Foreign Office, May 2, 1887. Ibid. P. 66.
177
Bayard to Dinsmore. June 17, 1887. No. 21. Ibid. P. 78.
178
Dinsmore to Bayard. May 30, 1887. No. 23. Ibid. P. 7476.
176

72


, , ,
non grata,
179.
.
,
. ,
180.


-
.
,
.


. 1887
., ,
. .
.
. ,
, , ,
181.
,
,
182. ,
179

Bayard to Dinsmore. June 23, 1887. No. 23 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 83.


Noble H.J. The United States and Sino-Korean Relations, 18851887 // Pacific Historical Review.
1933. Vol. 2. No. 3. Los Angeles. P. 303.
181
Dinsmore to Bayard. September 30, 1887. No. 53. Enclosure 1 // FRUS, 18881889. Part 1. P. 434.
182
Letter from King of Corea to Li Hung-chang. Enclosure to Denby to Bayard. January 21, 1888. No.
551. Ibid. P. 249250.
73
180

,
. ,

.

,
,
, 1882 .
, : ,
,
,
?183,
-

184,
.
,
. . ,
,
,
,
185.
-
.
: -,


; -, ,
183

Dinsmore to Yuan Shi-kai. September 27, 1887. Enclosure 3 to Dinsmore to Bayard. September 30,
1887. No. 53 // FRUS, 18881889. Part 1. P. 435.
184
Ibid.
185
Bayard to Denby. Telegram. October 6, 1887. Ibid. P. 220.
74

; -,

186.
, , ,
13 1887 .
,
. , ,

187,
. , ,
, , ,
,
188.

, ,
,
,
189. ,

. - 17
1888 .

190. ,
1887 ., 1882
,

, ,
186

Li Hung-chang to Yuan Shi-k'ai. Telegram. Enclosure to Dinsmore to Bayard. November 17, 1887.
No. 73 // FRUS, 18881889. Part 1. . 441442.
187
Bayard to Dinsmore. January 26, 1888. No. 63. Ibid. . 443
188
Chang Yen-hoon to Bayard. January 9, 1888. No. 248. Ibid. P. 380; Bayard to Chang Yen-hoon.
January 10, 1888. No.249. Ibid. P. 381.
189
Bayard to Dinsmore. January 26, 1888. No. 63. Ibid. . 443.
190
Chang Yen-hoon to Bayard. January 9, 1888. No. 248.Ibid. P. 380.
75

,

, ,
, 191.
, - ,
.
, .

,
, ,
.
18871888 . ,
.
.
,
,
,
1895 . 192.

. , ,
,
.

-
,
. . . ,
191

Yuan Shi-k'ai to Dinsmore, September 30, 1887 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 105.


Hwang Hae-Bung. Korea Policy of the United States, 18831887. [ ]. URL:
http://www.google.ru/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&ved=0CCoQFjAA&url
=http%3A%2F%2Fdaeguhistory.org%2Foriginal%2F11%2F1106.pdf&ei=1k20Uc6UIOqp4ATnzoGAAQ&usg=AFQjCNFfNiaIRNJ5v96FdjKqIovGRjZswQ&sig2=oD
DHEfpsYnBZnnvhULC2xA.
76
192

, ,

[ ]193. ,
,
1882 .
,
194. ,
,
.
, ,
,
, ,
.
.
,
195, 1888 . ,
,
. , .
, 1883 1887

.

.
,
.
.
193

Bayard to Denby. November 4, 1887. No. 247 // FRUS, 18881889. Part 1. P. 226.
Bayard to Denby. February 9, 1888. No. 285. Ibid. . 255.
195
Ibid. P. 256.
194

77



.
.
, 18831887 .
. .

.
,
, .

.
.
,
1883 .,
.

,
,
.

, .
,

, ,
.

1887 . 1894 .
,
78


.
3.
- 18941895 .
1880- . 1890- .
. ,
1887 . , .. (18861887),
,

, ,
196. 1889 . .
, (18901894 .),
,
, ,
, ,

197.
,
XIX .
. ,
,
, . 1886 .
- . , . .
,
. 1888 .
. , . , . ..
. 1880-
. , ,

196
197

Rockhill to Bayard. January 28, 1887. No. 54 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 47.


Wharton to Heard. August 25, 1890. No. 39. Ibid. . 93.
79

,
, .
,

, , . .
. ,
,
1870- 1880- . , ,
, . 1886 .
:
-
. ,
,
198.
, ,
. ,

: - 1886 .,
,
1888 . .
, , ,
,
, 199.
,

. ,
, 1880- .
.
,

198

Gurtov M., Larson J.F., Swartout R.R. Korea's Amazing Century: From Kings to Satellites / Ed. by R.
Weisenborn. Seoul, 1996. P. 16.
199
Ibid. P. 16.
80

1888 . () 200.
,

,
,
[] 201. , ,
,
,


, ,

202.
, ,
.

, ,
, ,
.

,
, 1890- .

, .
,
,
.

200

. Swartout R.R. Mandarins, Gunboats, and Power Politics: Owen Nickerson Denny and the
International Rivalries in Korea. Honolulu, 1980.
201
An American Adviser in Late Yi Korea: The Letters of Owen Nickerson Denny / Ed. by R.R.
Swartout. Tuscaloosa, 1984. P. 71.
202
Ibid. P. 7172.
81

.. , ,
.. , .
. ,
, .. ,

1872 . 1875 . 1890 ., ,
a .
-
1899 . , 1890 . ,
,
. , ,
, 1886 . 1890 .
.
12 . 203.
8
. ,
, , ,
:
204.
,
.
.
. ,
,
.
,
.
, ,
203
204

Hinchcock to Harmony. June 22, 1892. No. 45 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 133.


Ibid.
82

,
, ,
,
205.

,

.. , ,
.
,
.

206. , ,
. - ,
,
.
,
207.

, , ,
, ,
.
, . ,

208.
, ,
,
205

Hinchcock to Harmony. June 22, 1892. No. 45 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 133.


Heard to Bayard. June 3, 1890. No. 12. Ibid. P. 53.
207
Hinchcock to Harmony. June 22, 1892. No. 45. Ibid. P. 54.
208
Ibid.
206

83


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.


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,
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209

Dinsmore to Bayard. April 13, 1887. No. 9 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 121.


84

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,

211.
( , , ,
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,
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,
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.
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,
.
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,
214,
. -
210

Kim Yun-Sik to Rockhill. December 29, 1886 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 87.


Rockhill to Kim Yun-Sik. January 1, 1887. Ibid. P. 88.
212
Rockhill to Bayard. January 24, 1887. No. 53. Ibid. P. 87.
213
Rockhill to Bayard. February 10, 1887. No. 61. Ibid. P. 90.
214
Dinsmore to Bayard. February 1, 1890. No. 222. Ibid.P. 49.
211

85

,
, , -



215.

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,
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215

Dinsmore to Bayard. February 1, 1890. No. 222 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 51.


Allen to Gresham. October 6, 1893. No. 469. Ibid. P. 9394.
217
Ibid. P. 94.
216

86

, ,
, 218.
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, ,
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218
219

Allen to Gresham. November 4, 1893. No. 479 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 96.


Ibid.
87

, 220.
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, ,
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,
222.
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220

Allen to Gresham. November 4, 1893. No. 479 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 96.


Ibid. P. 97.
221
Ibid. P. 98.
222
Allen to Gresham. February 12, 1894. No. 527. Ibid. P. 9899.
223
Sill to Gresham. August 24, 1894. No. 45. Ibid. P. 99.
221

88

. , ,
, 1889 .
, .

, ,
,
224. ,
.

225.


.
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- 226.
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228.
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224

Dinsmore to Blaine. December 10, 1889. No. 212 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 114.
Ibid. P. 115.
226
Ibid.
227
Ibid.
228
Ibid.
225

89

1894 ., , ,
.
, ,

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229

Sill to Olney. December 16, 1895. No. 180 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 116117.
, ,
. 22 , ,
(18341849 .), .
, 1849 . , ,
, (18491864 .)
, . (..).
231
Heard to Blaine. June 7, 1890. No. 13 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 124.
232
Ibid. P. 125.
90
230

, 233.
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,
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,
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233

Heard to Blaine. June 7, 1890. No. 13 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 125.


Ibid.
235
Ibid. P. 126.
236
Ibid. P. 125.
237
Ibid.
238
Ibid. P. 127.
234

91

1882 . 1884 .

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.
,

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239.
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240, . ,

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, 18761894 .

. 18601870- .

,
239
240

Heard to Blaine. June 7, 1890. No. 13 // KAR. Vol. 2. P. 128.


Yuan Shi Kwai to Heard. December 11, 1890. Ibid. P. 5455.
92

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Heard to Gresham. April 4, 1893. No. 1 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 5.
95

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243

Sill to Gresham. May 17, 1894. No. 5 // KAR. Vol. 2.P. 319.
Sill to Uhl. June 24, 1894. No. 15 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 22.
245
Sill to Gresham. June 25, 1894. No. 16. nclosure 1. Ibid. . 23.
244

96

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246

Sill to Gresham. June 25, 1894. No. 16. Enclosure 1 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 23.
Uhl to Sill. June 22, 1894. No. 14. Ibid. . 22.
248
Sill to Gresham. June 25, 1894. No. 16. Ibid. . 24.
249
Sill to Gresham. June 29, 1894. No. 18. Ibid. . 25.
250
Ibid. . 26.
251
Ibid. . 2526.
247

97

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252
253

Sill to Gresham. June 29, 1894. No. 18 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 26.
. 4 . .2. 18771918 / . .. . ., 1985. . 144.
98

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256.

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254

Gresham to Bayard. July 20, 1894. No. 28 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 37.
Ibid.
256
Ibid. . 38.
255

99

257.
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2011 . / . . .. . ., 2011. . 117.
258
. : / . . .. . ., 2010. . 424425.
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Gresham to Goschen. October 12, 1894. No. 58 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 70.
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Denby to Gresham. November 10, 1894. No. 69. Ibid. . 77.
100

261, .

,

262, ,
.
,
, ,

.

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,


XIX .,
,
263.

, ,
.
.
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,
, 264.
261

Gresham to Denby. November 24, 1894. No. 81 // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 81.
Ibid. . 82.
263
Sill to Gresham. January 17. No. 95. Enclosure. Ibid. . 9495.
264
Dun to Gresham. December 7, 1894. No. 85. Ibid. . 83.
262

101

, 265,
. , ,

, ,

.

1895 . .
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265

Denby to Gresham. January 14, 1895. No. 93. Enclosure // FRUS, 1894. Appendix 1. . 9293.
102

-
266.
,
,


. , ,
,
,
,
267.
1895 .
,
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266

( ) (18711957) /
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267
. // . 2004. 3 (18). . 128.
268
Olney to Sill. November 21, 1895. 125 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 973974.
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, , ,

,
, ,
269.
, 270.
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M.. , 1894 1897 .
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,
.
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271. <>
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Olney to Sill. November 21, 1895. No. 125 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 973.
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270

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273.

, . ,
, ,

,
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, ,
274.
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275,
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[] 276. , ,
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1895 .: ,
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Sill to Olney. December 1, 1895 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 974.


Olney to Sill. December 2, 1895. Ibid.
275
Olney to Sill. November 11, 1895 // KAR. Vol.2. P. 367.
276
Olney to Sill. November 20, 1895 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 973.
277
Olney to Sill. December 31, 1895. No. 132. Ibid. . 975.
274

105

,

,
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278. ,
, . ,

,
, , , ,
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10 1896 . : ,
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280. ,
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<>
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Olney to Sill. December 31, 1895. No. 132 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 975.
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Olney to Sill. January 10, 1896. Ibid. . 975.
281
Sill to Olney. January 13, 1896. Ibid. . 976.
282
Olney to Sill. January 10, 1896. Ibid. . 975.
279

106

,
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,
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, ,
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,
283. ,
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284.
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283

Olney to Sill. January 11, 1896 // FRUS, 1895. Part 2. . 976.


. , 18951898 . / . . .. . ., 1993. . 132.
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284


. , ,
[ ]286. , ,
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287.

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).
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286

Harrington F.H. God, Mammon, and the Japanese: Dr. Horace N. Allen and Korean-American
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289.
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23 1894 .290. ,

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1890- .
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,

<...>
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291. ,

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Quoted by Korean-American relations. Documents pertaining to the Far Eastern Diplomacy of the
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290
Ibid.
291
Ibid.
109

,
, ,
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1897 . 292.
9 1897 . ,

,
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293.
,
12 1897 ., ,
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<>,
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294, ,
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, XIXXX .

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292

Allen to Sherman. October 5, 1897. No. 14 // FRUS, 1898. . 484.


Allen to Sherman. October 14, 1897. No.18. Ibid. . 484485.
294
Ibid. . 485.
293

110

..

, ,
.. . - ,

- ,
.
.. . ,

.

,
295, . ,
,
, 20 <>
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,
, ,
,
296.

, 1894 .
,
. 8 1895
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, ,
, ,
295
296

Allen to Sherman. October 1, 1897. No. 8 // FRUS, 1898. . 476.


Ibid.
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,
. , <>
,
, 297.
,
,
,
,

. ,

. ,

, , ,
.
. 22 1897 .

298.
1898 .
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,
, .
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.
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297

Allen to Sherman. October 1, 1897. No. 8 // FRUS, 1898. . 476


Ibid. . 475476.
299
Allen to Day. June 3, 1898. No.111. Ibid. . 482.
298

112

.
,
.
[, , , , ]
<>,
,
, , , 300.
,
. ,
301.

, ,
, ,

, , ,
, , ,
,
, ,
302. , 1899 .


303.
..
,
. ,
, ...

300

Allen to Day. August 26, 1898. No. 140 // FRUS, 1898. . 483.
Ibid.
302
Allen to Sherman. March 7, 1898. No. 81. Ibid. . 489.
303
Allen to Hay. April 3, 1899. No. 192 // FRUS, 1899. . 484.
301

113

304.
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,
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,
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305.
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, .
, .
.

,
.
,
, ( ).
,
,
. ,
306.
,
,
.
,
( ). ,
1884 ., ,
304

Quoted by KAR. Vol. 3. . 5.


Ibid.
306
. : / . . .. . ., 2010. . 435.
305

114

, ,
.
,
1896 .
.
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, .
.
,
,

,
.

.

1896 .

( )307.

. 1898 .,
,

,
, .

307

. : / . . .. . ., 2010. . 434.
115

,
, , 308.
, 1896 .,
1898 .,
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,
. ,
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,
309.
, 1890- .
, ,
,

,
310.
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)
.

2.
18971905 .

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, ,
308

Quoted by KAR. Vol. 3. . 6.


Kim .I.E., Kim Han-Kyo. Korea and the politics of imperialism, 18761910. Berkeley, Los Angeles,
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310
Ibid. P. 198.
116
309

, . ,

, .

XIX XX . .
,
311.
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.

,
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XIX . , 8090- . XIX .
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312. , ,
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312

18971910 .,
,
XIXXX . XIX .
.

, .
. (18811885 .), .
(18851889 ., 189318977 .), . (18891893 .).
XIXXX ., . - (1897
1901 .)
, ,
. ,
,
, XIX .
, , ,
.
,
.
,

. 1897 .
1910 .


. (
) , ,
. ,
, .
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1898 .,
118

1898 .
1899 .
,
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,

.
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. ,

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,
313.
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314.
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XIX XX .
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,

,
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314

KAR. Vol. 3. . 10.


120

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. ,
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XIX .
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121

315. ,
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316.
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,
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Lee Yur-Bok, Patterson W. Korean-American Relations: 18661997. N.Y., 1998. . 44.


Sands W.F. Undiplomatic Memories. N.Y., 1930. P. 4.
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317.

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.
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Sands W.F. Undiplomatic Memories. N.Y., 1930. . 45.


Quoted by Dae Young Ryu. An Odd Relationship: The State Department, Its Representatives, and
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318

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319

Quoted by Dae Young Ryu. An Odd Relationship: The State Department, Its Representatives, and
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320
Young to Frelinghuysen. December 26, 1882. No.85 // FRUS, 1883. . 172.
124

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321.
1883 ., ,
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175 . 322.
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1893 ., 47 .
323.

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322

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. 1885 .,

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1895

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.. (
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326
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, 700 2000 .
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328
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330.
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XIX XX . ,

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Allen to Hay. March 13, 1900. No. 232 // FRUS, 1900. . 769.
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Ibid. . 771.
330

128

1898 ., 1 1899 .,
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.. ,
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.
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333.
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1899 .
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332

Sands to the Secretary of State. August 10, 1899. No. 201 // FRUS, 1899. . 488489.
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334
Adee to Sands. September 12, 1899. No. 136. Ibid. P. 489.
333

129

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Allen to Hay. November 17, 1899. No.213 // FRUS, 1899. . 490491.


Allen to Hay. November 19, 1902. No. 531 // FRUS, 1903. P. 626632.
337
Ibid. . 626.
338
Allen to Hay. April 8, 1903. No. 598. Ibid. P. 633.
336

130

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339. ,
K ,
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,
. ,

,

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.
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,
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133

,
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344. .
,
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345.

18971905 .,

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344
345

Allen to Hay, April 14, 1900. No.241. Enclosure 1 // FRUS, 1900. . 774.
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349.
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, .
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Dennett T. Roosevelt and the Russo-Japanese War. N.Y., 1925. P. 7.


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, - 353.
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1905 . ,

353

356.

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366

Quoted by The Russo-Japanese War in Global Perspective: World War Zero. Vol. 2 / Ed. by D. Wolff,
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376

Kim Seung-Young. American Diplomacy and Strategy Toward Korea and Northeast Asia, 18821950
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, .
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377

Kim Seung-Young. American Diplomacy and Strategy Toward Korea and Northeast Asia, 18821950
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, 24
378.
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.
,
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440.

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.. , 441.
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,
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,
,
,
.
,
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,
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,
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, , 442. ,

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,
.
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.
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,
.
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.
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.
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: ...
,
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446.

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700 900 ,
11001200 ,
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700 .
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750 449.

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450,

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, , 453.

449

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.
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.
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.
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:
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. ,

.

.

.

, , , .
,
,
.
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.

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.
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456.
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457.

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457

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193

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., . , :

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458.
, ,
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:
459.

458

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461.
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1900 . :
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464. , ,
.
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1898 . , , ,
,
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.
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. , , . ,

463

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XIX .

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474. , ,

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, ,

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,
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203

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478

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. 1890 .
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205

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207

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485. , , ,
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