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12/18/2015

Blood group O alleles in Native Americans: implications in the peopling of the Americas. - PubMed - NCBI

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AmJPhysAnthropol.2010May142(1):8594.doi:10.1002/ajpa.21204.

BloodgroupOallelesinNativeAmericans:implicationsinthepeoplingoftheAmericas.
EstradaMenaB1,EstradaFJ,UlloaArvizuR,GuidoM,MndezR,CoralR,CantoT,GranadosJ,RubCastellanosR,RangelVillalobosH,
GarcaCarrancA.

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Abstract
AllmajorABObloodallelesarefoundinmostpopulationsworldwide,whereasthemajorityofNativeAmericansarenearly
exclusivelyintheOgroup.OallelemolecularcharacterizationcouldaidinelucidatingthepossiblecausesofgroupOpredominance
inNativeAmericanpopulations.Inthiswork,westudiedexon6and7sequencediversityin180Obloodgroupindividualsfromfour
differentMesoamericanpopulations.Additionally,acomparativeanalysisofgeneticdiversityandpopulationstructureincludingSouth
Americanpopulationswasperformed.ResultsrevealednosignificantdifferencesamongMesoamericanandSouthAmericangroups,
butshowedsignificantdifferenceswithinpopulationgroupsattributabletopreviouslydetecteddifferencesingeneticdriftandfounder
effectsthroughouttheAmericancontinent.Interestingly,inallAmericanpopulations,thesamesetofhaplotypesO(1),O(1v),and
O(1v(G542A))waspresent,suggestingthefollowing:(1)thattheyconstitutethemaingeneticpoolofthefoundingpopulationofthe
Americasand(2)thattheyderivefromthesameancestralsource,partiallysupportingthesinglefoundingpopulationhypothesis.In
addition,theconsistentandrestrictedpresenceoftheG542AmutationinNativeAmericanscomparedtoworldwidepopulations
allowsittobeemployedasanAncestryinformativemarker(AIM).PresentknowledgeofthepeoplingoftheAmericasallowsthe
predictionofthewayinwhichtheG542AmutationcouldhaveemergedinBeringia,probablyduringthedifferentiationprocessof
Asianlineagesthatgaverisetothefoundingpopulationofthecontinent.
PMID:19862808[PubMedindexedforMEDLINE]

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19862808

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12/18/2015

Blood group O alleles in Native Americans: implications in the peopling of the Americas. - PubMed - NCBI

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http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19862808

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