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135

: N,N--N-, [9] ( 1011,5 % .);


Merk ( 0,1 %
.); 600650 (
1 % .).
5 %- (.) :
1:1 1:3, , .
6570 .
1 . .

. 70
20 . 20 . 0,5 ,
0,5 3/. 30 .

1. , . .
/ . . //
. 1991. 2. . 3031.
2. , . . /
. . , : , 1991. 275 .
3. , . . /
. . // (
. . . ). 2002. . 66. 1. . 4957.
4. , . . : . ...
- . : 02.00.06. ., 2002. 306 .
5. Albini, A. Synthetic Utility of Amine N-Oxides // Synthesis. 1993. Issue 3. P. 263277.
6. , . . N,N--N-
// II - / . . , . . , . .
. , 2006. . 3. . 100.
7. , . . - // / . . , . . , . . . 2000. 4. . 1420.
8. , . . N--N- , :
. . . . . , 2004. 16 .
9. . 3333000 . Cl. 260-583. Albert H. E.,
Haines P. G., Hill L. Preparation of amine oxides.
25.05.1964. . 25.07.1967.

A. S. Berezin, O. A. Novgorodov, O. I. Tuzhikov, O. O. Tuzhikov


EXTRUSION OF FIBERS FROM CELLULOSE SOLUTION IN N,N-DIMETHYLETHANOLAMINE-N-OXIDEDIMETHYLSULFOXIDE MIXTURES
Volgograd State Technical University
Abstract. Possibility of N,N-dimethylethanolamine-N-oxide use in mixtures with dimethylsulfoxide as a solvent of cellulose
for obtaining of hydrated cellulose fibers has been studied.
Keywords: hydrated cellulose fibers, mixed solvents, extrusion

541.64:546.214
. . , . . , . . , . . , . .



E-mail: tuzhikov_oi@vstu.ru
( ) , . - -- .


. [1, 2].
[3, 4].

, ,
--
, 4570
, -

1200, 1320, 1460,


1510, 1665, 1740 -1 (. 1).
-
,
[5].
[4].

.

136

. 1. - ,



,
[1, 2] 4570 . ,
"" 40 8090 , . ,
. , 18 .
-
[5], .
,
,
715, 815, 890, 1050, 1110,
1200, 1320, 1460, 1510, 1665, 1740 -1, , ,
4-- .
1630 1670 -1
/
,
, 0,1 2,5 %.
.
. .

. 2.

[5].
. 2 ,
70 , .
,

,
"" . [1, 2, 5] , ,
, , (

57 [1]),

, , , - .
, ,
,
1,4-,
:

137

O
R

+ O3

HC

HC

A
CH3

CH3

CH3
O

O
C
O
CH 3

+
CH3

C
OH

OH

,
4-- ().
(, -

O
CH 3

O
CH3

O OH

O
CH 3

IV

CH3

OH

),
[1]
.
4-- (I, II, III)
(IV, V, VI)
:
O
O

O CH 3

OH

CH

O
C

+ O3

C
CH 3

CH3

II
O

III
O

OH

O
CH3


-- .
- ,
4,31 ,
m/z 117 85, ()
, , ()-(3)-(),
4-- .
- , 5,43 , m/z 131
99, -

OH
O

O CH 3

OH

CH 3

CH 3

VI
VI

III VI, ().


3- m/z 99.
- , 6,03 6,13 ,
, , ,
-
, ,

, m/z 131, , ,
:

138

H 2C
H

C
O

CH2

VIII
VIII

3- VII VIII m/z 99.


4-- . (. 2)
, -.
- , 6,73 , -

VII
VII

CH 2

m/z 131, 74 71.


4-- ( IVIII).
-- ,
,
:
O
O

H2
C

C
H2

CH 3
C
H2

H 2C

+ O3

H2
C

C
H2

CH3
C
H2

H 2C

I
IX

O
C

OH

H2C

CH 2

CH2

CH
O

CH3

HO

H 2C

H2C

H2
C R

CH3

II
XII

I
XI

III
XIII
H2 C

H 2C

+ O3

+ O3

O
C

HC

OH

H 2C

H2C
CH2

CH2
CH 3

H 2C

C
C

H 2C

XIV

C
C

O
H 2C

H 2C

IV

CH 3
O

V
XV

139

-- , -

(XVII),
(XVIII)
(XVI, XIX) :
O
OH
O

O
CH 2

OH

+
CH 3

OH

H2C
R

CH2

H 2C
CH 3
O

O
OH

H 2C
CH2

IV
XIV

XIII

VI
XVI

O
H 2C

CH

+
CH 3

H 2C
R

H 2C

VII
XVII

OH
O

CH 2

O
C

+
CH 3

OH

H2C
R

CH2

H 2C
CH 3

III
XIII

VIII
XVIII

O
O

H 2C

H 2C

V
XV

CH2

CH

+
CH 3

H 2C
O

H 2C

XX

,
. (XVII, XIX, XXI).
7 (. 2).

OH

CH2

CH 3

CH 3
O

H 2C

XVII

CH
O

OH

140

HO

H3 C
CH 2

CH 3

CH 3

CH 2

O
H 2C

H2C

CH

XXI

XIX
O

OH


-
.
m/z 147, :
H2C

H3C
H2
C

CH 3

CH 3

CH2

m/z 206
XVII, XIX, XXI,
2 2 .
m/z 222, , .
m/z 147



.

:
=6,57, =9,
, .
, , XVII.
, -, -- ,
4570 .

CH
O

OH

4-- . - , ,

, .

, ,

[4],
.

1. , C. . ./ C. . , . . .
.: , 1974.
2. Rakovsky, S. Kinetics and mechanism of ozone reactions with organic and polymeric compounds in liquid phase/
S.Rakovsky, G.Zaikov// Nova science Publisher, Inc., Commack, N.Y. 1998. 345 p.
3. , . . /
. . , . . , . . . // . . . . []. : . 2001. . 149. . 112214.
4. , . .
/. . ,
. . , . . . // . . . .
[-]. :
. 2003.
. 154. . 202214.
5. , . . - . . . . .: 02.00.03,
1979., , 402 .

O. O. Tuzhikov, T. V. Chochlova, O. I. Tuzhikov, A. N. Popov, V. F. Zheltobruchov


COMPOSITION AND STRUCTURE OF PRODUCTS OF OZONE REACTION WITH GROUND VULCANIZATES
OF TRACKS
Volgograd State Technical University
Abstract. Possible directions of processes taking place at heterophase (gas - solid) ozonolysis of ground vulcanizates of
rubber compositions and also at ozonolysis in methanol medium have been shown. IR- and chromatomass - spectrometric results
of obtained low-molecular products have been represented.
Keywords: ozonolysis, ground vulcanizates