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SEMBODAI RUKMANI VARATHARAJAN

ENGINEERING COLLEGE
DEPARTMENT OF CIVIL ENGINEERING
DRC & BM
BY
KARTHIVELU

DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR
WATER TANK RESTING ON
GROUND
WITH
RIGID
BASE

Learning out Come

DESIGN OF RECTANGULAR WATER TANK


RESTING ON GROUND WITH RIGID BASE
REVISION

RECTANGULAR WATER TANKS


RESTING ON GROUND

Introduction

Introduction

Design
a
rectangular
water
tank
5m x 4m with depth of storage 3m, resting on
ground and whose walls are rigidly joined at
vertical and horizontal edges. Assume M20
concrete and Fe415 grade steel. Sketch the
details of reinforcement in the tank

Step1: Analysis for moment and


tensile force
E

Free
a=H=3m
F
Fixed
B
D
L=5m

b=4m

Step1: Analysis for moment and tensile


force
i) Long wall:

Step2: Design Constants

Step3: Design for Vertical moment

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Step3: Design for Vertical


moment

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Step4: Design for Horizontal


moment
Horizontal moments at the corner in long
and short wall produce unbalanced moment
at the joint. This unbalanced moment has to
be distributed to get balanced moment using
moment distribution method.

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Step4: Design for Horizontal

moment

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Step4:
Design for Horizontal

moment

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Step4: Design for Horizontal

moment

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Step4: Design for Horizontal

moment

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Step5: Base Slab

The slab is resting on firm ground.


Hence
nominal
thickness
and
reinforcement
is
provided.
The
thickness of slab is assumed to be
200 mm and 0.24% reinforcement is
provided in the form of #8 @ 200 c/c.
at top and bottom
A haunch of 150 x 150 x 150 mm size
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is provided at all corners

Detailing

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Detailing

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REVISION

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1. LAYOUT DRAWING

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Introduction

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Drawing is the language of engineers


Structural drawings guide builders in the
construction
The guidelines given in IS 962 and SP 34
Drawings are prepared in different sizes
In large projects, the structural drawings
are of same size

Dr.G.S.Suresh

Introduction
(Contd.)
PAPER SIZE
Trimmed Size
in mm

Un Trimmed
Size (Min) in
mm

Sl. No.

Designation

A0

841 x 1189

880 x 1230

A1

594 x 841

625 x 880

A2

420 x 594

450 x 625

A3

297 x 420

330 x 450

A4

210 x 297

240 x 330

A5

148 x 210

165 x 240

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Layout of Structural

Drawing

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Scale:

Plan:- 1:100, 1:50


Elevation:- 1:5, 1:30
Sections:- 1:50, 1:30, 1:25, 1:20,1:15,1:10

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing

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Positioning and orientation of columns


Positioning of beams
Spanning of slabs
Layout of stairs
Selecting proper type of footing

Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing

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Two axes marked one side with alphabets


and the other with numbers.
Columns are marked at the intersection
of grids
Beams are marked using two parallel lines
Slabs are indicated either as one way or two
way
Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing:


Column & Footing
A

D
1
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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing


A

D
1
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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Structural Lay-Out Drawing

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

DETAILING OF BEAMS

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Introduction

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Carries Transverse External Loads That


Cause Bending Moment, Shear Forces And
In Some Cases Torsion
Concrete is strong in compression and very
weak in tension.
Steel reinforcement is used to take up
tensile stresses in reinforced concrete
beams.
Mild steel bars or Deformed or High yield
strength deformed bars (HYSD)
HYSD bars have ribs on the surface and this
increases the bond strength at least by 40%
Dr.G.S.Suresh

Specification for the reinforcement in beams is given in

clause 8.1 to 8.6 of SP34

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PROBLEM No. 1 contd.

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Introduction

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Introduction

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Torsion Reinforcement

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Torsion Reinforcement

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Typical One Way slab

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

Typical Two Way slab

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Dr.G.S.Suresh

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