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Stress Patterns in Russian

NOUNS
Fixed Stress on Stem (SS)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , ,
most numerous, 30,000+ nouns

Fixed Stress on Ending (EE)


N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , ,
approximately 2200 nouns

Shifting Stress Stem


to Ending (SE)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , essentially nonfem with 150+ masc nouns (Npl in-a) and
~80 1-syll. masc nouns, appr. 25 neut nouns

Shifting Stress Ending


to Stem (ES)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , essentially nonmasc with ~50 neut & ~100 fem nouns

Anomalous Stress with Fixed


Stress on Stem in Singular (SA)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , essentially nonneut, about 50 masc & 75 fem nouns

Anomalous Stress with Fixed


Stress on Ending in Singular (EA)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , 5 masc & ~40 fem
nouns

Accusative-Retraction
(U-retraction) with Shifting Stress
Ending to Stem (US)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , , , ,
about 13 fem nouns

Accusative-Retraction
(U-retraction) with Anomalous
Stress in Plural (UA)
N _____-___ N _____-___
A _____-___ A _____-___
G _____-___ G _____-___
D _____-___ D _____-___
L _____-___ L _____-___
I _____-___ I _____-___
, , , , , ,
, , , , , ,
about 18 fem nouns

VERBS
Fixed Stress on Verbal Stem (S)
INF _____-___
1sg _____-___
2sg _____-___
3sg _____-___
1pl _____-___
2pl _____-___
3pl _____-___
Fixed Stress on Verbal Ending (E)
INF _____-___
1sg _____-___
2sg _____-___
3sg _____-___
1pl _____-___
2pl _____-___
3pl _____-___
Shifting Non-Past (i.e., imperfective present or perfective future) (XNP)
INF _____-___
1sg _____-___
2sg _____-___
3sg _____-___
1pl _____-___
2pl _____-___
3pl _____-___
Shifting Past (XP)
INF _____-___
Msg _____-___
Fsg _____-___
Nsg _____-___
pl
_____-___
NB: with the exception of a few verbs, e.g., , you don't have both shifting stress in the
non-past and in the past. So, if a verb has a stress shift in the non-past it will not have any shift
in the past and vice versa if there is a shift in the past, there is no shift in the non-past.