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http://epds.ru/bulletin
ISSN 2224-5391

, 2015

Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary

BULLETIN
OF THE EKATERINBURG
THEOLOGICAL SEMINARY

Issue 4(12)/2015

Ekaterinburg 2015

UDC27-1(051)
H57

EDITORIAL COUNIL
Chairman: Prof. Metropolitan Constantine (Goryanov) (Petrozavodsk)
Prof. Archimandrite Makary (Veretennikov) (Sergiev Posad)
Prof. Natalia Yu. Sukhova (Moscow)
Archpriest Marek Lawreszuk (Poland)
Prof. Alexey G. Mosin (Ekaterinburg)
Docent Irina V. Pochinskaya (Ekaterinburg)
Natalia D. Zolnikova (Novosibirsk)

Editorial board
Editor-in-chief:
Archpriest Nikolay Maleta,
Rector
Members of the board:
Prof. OlgaB.Akimova; Prof. OksanaE.Sheludyakova;
Docent Archpr.PetrMangilev; Archpr.SergeyAlexeev; Fr.Moisey (Pilats);
Docent Dmitry I. Makarov; Docent AnnaV. Mangileva;
SergeyY.Akishin; NadezhdaS.Karimova;
Pr. JohnNikulin (Senior secretary)

Reviewers:
Docent Irina L. Mankova, MarinaYu. Nechaeva, ElenaV. Kustova
The academic journal issued by Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary publishes materials
and research articles on theology, church history and related disciplines, extracts from the
protocols of the seminary academic council meetings, reviews and comments on the diploma
papers of the seminary students, reviews and bibliographical notes on new research in the area
of theological studies. The journal is addressed to teachers and students of religious schools,
historians, theologians, philosophers and all those interested in the above mentioned topics.

Site: http://epds.ru/bulletin
ISSN 2224-5391

Ekaterinburg Theological Seminary, 2015


 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

1000-

(), .
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
.. . . . . . . . 31
, . ( [-]) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
(), .
XI XIII . . . . . . . . . . 48

I.

.. 23- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79

.. :
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
..
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
-..
18601890- . . . . . . . . 124

.. . 131

II.
 -
1678 (2: ..) (.
., . . . . ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
 : 18971914 ., ..
.. (. ., . . ..) . . . . . . 164

III.
 2014/2015 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
 2014/2015 . . 244
 ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276

Contents
List of Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11

The 1000th anniversary of the repose


of St. Prince Vladimir
Archimandrite Macarius (Veretennikov). On the periodization of the history
of the Russian Church . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
Ludmila E. Morozova. The Princess Olgas State Activity . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Priest John A. Nikulin. Holy Prince Vladimir and the Baptism of Rus in the
Conception of the byzantine Inheritance. A Study of the Works of Ignatius
(Rimsky-Korsakov), Metropolitan of Siberia . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Hieromonk Petr (Gaydenko). Some Remarks concerning the Social Aspects of
the Ancient Russian Monasticism, Eleventh to the First Half of the Thirteenth
Centuries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48

I. RESEARCH ARTICLES
Theology and patrology
Dmitry . Makarov. Some Observations concerning the Image of Spider in the
23rd Hymn of the Divine Love by St. Symeon the New Theologian . . . . . . . . 79
History of Church and archeography
Marina Yu. Nechaeva. The Missionary Nunneries of the Perm Diocese: From
Ideals to their Implementation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Elena V. Kustova. Reverend Stephen Fileysky and the Traditions of the Athos
Monasticism in the Vyatka Region . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112
YuliyaV.Kliukina-Borovik. The Census and Statistical Accounts on the number of
Ekaterinburg Old Believers from the 60-es to the 90-es of the 19th Century . . . 124
Liturgy
Sergey S. Kim. Liturgical practices mentioned in the homilies of Severian of
Gabala . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131

II. Publication
The Census Books of the Possessions of the Vierkhoturie Saint Nicholas Monastery (1678). Part2. The Census Book of N.I.Nesentsev (Introduction, Edition and Notes by Andrey V.Poletaev) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 144
The Teacher and the Pupil: Some Letters from 1897 to 1914, connecting Ale
xey.Dmitrievsky with Nicholas N.Palmov (Introduction, Edition and Notes
by Natalia Yu. Sukova) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 164

IV. ACADEmIC LIFE


 e chronicle of the scientific life of the Seminary for the 2014/2015 academic
Th
year . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 242
 eviews and comments on the diploma papers in the academic year
R
2014/2015 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
Summaries . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 268
About the authors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 276

List of Abbreviations


CPG

Clavis Patrum Graecorum. Vol. 14 / Cura et studio M. Geerard. Turnhout:


Brepols, 1983, 1974, 1979, 1980; Vol. 5 / Cura et studio M. Geerard et F. Glorie.
Turnhout: Brepols, 1987.

DOP

Dumbarton Oaks Papers. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press.


Washington, DC, 1940.

PG

Patrologiae cursus completus. Ser. Graeca / ed. J. P. Migne. Paris, 18571866.


T.1161.

SC

Sources chrtiennes. Paris, 1940.

(. -).

(. ).

(. ).

. ., 1931.

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19491994. . 2539. ., 1995. . 41.

11

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(. ).

(. -).

. . -
(.-).

- (. -).

- -
(. ).

. , 18601917, 1997.

. .; ., ., ., 1934. . 1.

(. ).

The 1000th anniversary of the repose of St. Prince Vladimir

. . 4(12). 2015, 1330

1000-

1000-

Archimandrite Macarius (Veretennikov). On the periodization of the history of the Russian


Church
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Ludmila E. Morozova. The Princess Olgas State Activity

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Priest John A. Nikulin. Holy Prince Vladimir and the Baptism of Rus in the Conception of the byzantine
Inheritance. A Study of the Works of Ignatius (Rimsky-Korsakov), Metropolitan of Siberia

. . 4(12). 2015, 4247


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Russian Monasticism, Eleventh to the First Half of the Thirteenth Centuries
. . 4(12). 2015, 4878
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, : De Vog Eugne Melchior. Syrie, Palestine, Mont Athos. Paris,
1876.

. . 4(12). 2015, 242267

III.


IV. ACADEmIC LIFE

The chronicle of the scientific life of the Seminary for the 2014/2015 academic year
2014/2015 . .


2014/2015


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SUMMARIES
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S ummaries
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 1330
Archimandrite Macarius (Veretennikov). On the periodization of the history of the Russian
Church
The question of the periodization of the history of the Russian Church is treated in the article.
To begin with, we show up the different approaches to the problem among the Church historians, from Metropolitan Platon (Lyovshin) up to the present day, including both well-known
and less renowned persons. They include: Metropolitan Platon (Lyovshin), Alexey N.Muraviev, St.Philaretos (Gumilevsky), PyotrV.Znamensky, PavelI.Malitsky, Alexander P.Dobroklonsky, Evgeny E. Golubinsky, archpriest Alexey Lavrov, priest Sergiy Mansurov, Evgeny
Sumarokov, deacon Vladimir Rusak, Igor K.Smolitch, Anton V.Kartashev, Nicholas D.Talberg, Vladislav I.Petrushko, archpriest Vladislav Tsypin. The author points at the factors that
lay behind this or that concrete periodization and, at the same time, at their strong and weak
sides (to his mind). To several conceptions he added his comments, remarks and so on.
The author believes that we need the periodization of the Russian Church history to
be revisited, and puts forward his own approach. As the basis of the definitions of all the
historical periods we may take the rank of the head of the Church. If this is the case, then
the dates and names of the periods of this history can be presented as follows: 1. The Metropolitan period (988 to 1589), 2. The Patriarch period (1589 to 1700); 3. The Synodal period
(1700 to 1917), and: 4. The contemporary period of the renovated Patriarchate (from 1917
on). The first period at that is necessarily divided into the two parts: a) 988 to 1448, when
the Russian Church was headed by the Metropolitans who recognized the jurisdiction of the
Constantinopolitan Patriarchate; b) 1448 to 1589, when it was guided by the autocephalous
Metropolitans of all Russia.
Keywords: the history of the Russian Church, periodization, the periods of the Russian ecclesiastical history, an introduction into the history of the Russian Church.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 3141
Ludmila E. Morozova. The Princess Olgas State Activity
The article is aimed at the analysis of the Great Princess Olgas state activity and at the determining of her contribution into the growth and development of the ancient Russian state (the
Ancient Rus) in the 10th century. To elucidate these questions more clearly, we first specify
the distinct features of that early state unity which was created by the first ancient Russian
princes, to wit, Ryurik, Oleg, and Igor. The author concludes that the unity in question lacked
some so important features of any state as: the supreme power, based not only on the military
force, but also on the treaty between the ruler and all his subjects; a clear-cut borderline; the
integrated law system etc. As a consequence, the Ancient Rus was not a solid political entity

268

and constantly ran a risk of being disintegrated at any given moment. As is well known, in 945
the tribe of drevlyane became insurgent against the Great Prince Igor and killed him.
As a result of those events, the princess Olga not only turned into a widow, but also
was faced with the task of retaining the supreme power for herself and for her adolescent son
Sviatoslav, as well as of strengthening that shapeless phenomenon which was there the Ancient Rus, by its turning into a real state. She has managed to solve these extremely difficult
problems. Having personally avenged on the drevlyane of the murder of her husband, she
demonstrated to everyone her strength together with her ability to pacify the insurgents and
to command the troops. In those ancient times these were the main faculties to be possessed
by a supreme ruler. Later on the Princess has pursued the essential reforms. She determined
the borders of her state, singled out the princely domain, settled up the taxation problems,
and laid down the basis of the law system. Thereafter she was busy with the consolidation and
widening of the international relations. She also planned the baptism of her subjects so as to
line up in a single civilizational row with the other European countries. But a big number of
objective reasons prevented her from realizing these plans.
In the conclusion of the paper we underscore the Olgas contribution into the development of the Ancient Russian state. Its essential feature was the strengthening of the supreme
power not by force as it had been the case with the first princes of the Ancient Rus, but by
settling up her relations with her subjects. Olga gave the former shapeless union of different
tribes the features of a state, marked out its borderlines, pursued the reforms of taxation and
elaborated upon the fundamentals of the law system. The foreign policy also changed during
Olgas reign. Instead of being targeted at aggressive campaigns against the neighbouring countries, it began to aim at the cultural and trade interchange with them. Last but not least, we
posit the question of Olgas essential role in the formation of views and convictions of Prince
Vladimir, who was to be the baptizer of Rus.
Keywords: Ancient Rus, Princess Olgas state activity, the strengthening of the supreme power,
the taxation reform, the fundamentals of the law system, the peaceful foreign policy, the baptism
in Constantinople, the problem of the Christianization of the Ancient Russian state.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 4247
Priest Ivan A. Nikulin. Holy Prince Vladimir and the Baptism of Rus in the Conception of the
byzantine Inheritance. A Study of the Works of Ignatius (Rimsky-Korsakov), Metropolitan
of Siberia
In the paper we show up, basing on the sources, the shift in understanding the place and role
of Saint Prince Vladimir and of the Baptism of Rus in the end of the 10th century within the
conception of the byzantine inheritance. Within the official ideology of the Muscovite state
this conception superseded the previously dominant Moscow the Third Rome theory in
the middle of the 17th century. The specific feature of the new idea lies in the absence of any
reminiscences of the Old Rome, while the fact of the Greeks having conserved the undamaged faith is highlighted, together with the idea of the Muscovite Tsars as the true heirs of
Byzantium and of their task being to renew the Empire of the Romans (Rhomaioi) and to
release all the Orthodox Christians. The authors conclusion is that the role of the baptizer
of the Rus is understood in dependence on any given writers attitude towards the Christian

269

East (i.e., towards the Greeks, first of all). Within the framework of the Moscow the
Third Rome paradigm the fact of the acceptance of the faith from the Greeks was doubted,
passed over in silence deliberately, became inconvenient, while the accent shifted towards the
acceptance of Orthodoxy from the Apostle Andrew. So within the conception of the byzantine inheritance, which was to supersede the Moscow the Third Rome idea in the
mid-seventeenth century, the attitude towards the acceptance of the faith from the Byzantine
Empire changed radically. The author compares this attitude in elder Arseny Sukhanov and in
Ignatius (Rimsky-Korsakov), Metropolitan of Siberia. The fact of the Baptism of the Rus was
not only recognized in both theologians, but became the act of the translatio Imperii, that of
the gradual handing over of the imperial power and of the entrance of Rus into the political
life of the Byzantine Empire.
Keywords: the byzantine inheritance, the Baptism of the Rus, Prince Vladimir, Metropolitan Ignatius
(Rimsky-Korsakov).
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 4878
Hieromonk Petr (Gaydenko). Some Remarks concerning the Social Aspects of the Ancient
Russian Monasticism, Eleventh to the First Half of the Thirteenth Centuries
Peculiarities of the establishment of monastic communities in the Ancient Rus repeatedly
became the subject of research. Nevertheless, many aspects of the organization of monasticism
in general, and of the recruiting of concrete monastic communities, in particular, have not
still been sufficiently elucidated. The paper tries to at least partially fill the gap by positing
once more the question of the social principles which were directing the recruiting of the
ancient Russian monasticism during the period under survey.
Many factors influenced the process of the emergence of monastic communities in
the ancient Rus, including the social organization of the Eastern Slavic society and the situation within the then ruling elites. The fact that the representatives of the princely entourage
and the richest strata in the cities formed the basis of the ancient Russian monasticism can
be regarded as one such peculiarity of the monastic movement. Such a state of affairs can be
explained both by the specific features of the ancient Russian culture and by the monastic life
norms which allowed some informal restrictions for the candidates in monasticism and even
supposed the payment by a candidate of certain material subscriptions to be done.
In all probability, the taking up of the vows entailed a serious deprivation of the new
monk in his former social rights as well as in those of other types. The relations within the
communities themselves were extremely complicated, as can be seen at the example of differences in both property and moral faculties between the friars. We are bound to note that
the requirements to be met by the monks personal moral, religious, and intellectual faculties
decreased from generation to generation.
All the aforesaid allow us to conclude that the social and juridical position of the monasticism from the eleventh to the thirteenth centuries remained highly unstable not only within
the ecclesiastical hierarchy itself, but also in the eyes of the ruling top. As the fulfillment of the
monastic congregations with the new members is concerned, the situation was also extraordinarily difficult. If the specific feature of the first monks was the independence of judgment,
sincere asceticism and the vivacious religious feeling, then, from the mid-twelfth century on

270

the situation began to change. The change in quality of the elites themselves and of the princely
entourage from which the new generations of the monks were recruited is to be regarded, as we
see it, as the most likely reason of the transformations which were then taking place.
Keywords: the Russian Orthodox Church, the ancient Russian monasticism, the Kiev Cave
monastery, the Novgorod bishopric, the Kievan Rus.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 7985
Dmitry . Makarov. Some Observations concerning the Image of Spider in the 23rd Hymn of
the Divine Love by St. Symeon the New Theologian
A fragment from the 23rd Hymn of the Divine Love by St. Symeon the New Theologian, which
is dedicated to a description of spider and his occupations, is analyzed. Some affinities between the Hymn, on the one hand, and the treatment of spider in the Orations by St. Gregory
the Theologian and in a snatch from Democritus (154 DK), on the other hand, are cleared
up. The analysis of spider and his spin was necessary to the author, most likely, for defending
(versus John Italos and similarly-minded persons) the tenet of the Divine Providence encompassing all the things created by God.
Keywords: St. Symeon the New Theologian, The Hymns of the Divine Love, St. Gregory the
Theologian, the Divine Providence, John Italos, Democritus, the image of spider, bee.

BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 86111


Marina Yu. Nechaeva. The Missionary Nunneries of the Perm Diocese: From Ideals to their
Implementation
We consider in the article the ideological basis and the practice of creating missionary nunneries on the example of the Perm diocese at the turn of the twentieth century. We note that
the conception of a missionary nunnery was elaborated upon in less extent by the ideologist
of the Russian missionary activity, archimandrite Macarius (Glukharev), than that of a missionary monastery. The project of establishing a missionary and educational nunnery that
was proffered by archimandrite Macarius was not realized by himself or by those who created
the Orthodox Missionary Society. In practical life nunneries were widespread as missionary
camps which served for the aborigine peoples not only as the centers of piety but as the exemplary farms, charity institutions, and the hearths of elementary education. The establishment
of such nunneries was not a part of the ecclesiastical policy, but took place due to the lead of
private persons who considered it to be their Christian and civic debt to facilitate the improvement of the position of the aborigine peoples in Russia. The basis of the missionary nunneries
activity was the conception of Nicholas I. Ilminsky, which supposed their Christianization
through russification (a conversion into Russian culture and customs). This russification had
to be pursued with the humane methods of enlightenment, conducting of the Church services
and preaching in those peoples native tongues, together with the almsgiving. So the mission-

271

ary nunneries were established in the utmost hinterland, in the poorest places, where the lack
of churches and educational institutions was especially glaring. The nunneries were therefore
instrumental not only in those peoples Orthodox catechism, but in their appropriation of the
Russian culture, including the more advanced forms of economic life. All this had a positive
impact upon the development of the aborigine peoples. The nunneries were more successful
in carrying on their missionary work among the peoples with the pagan world outlook than
among the Old Believers. The sharp necessity of the nuns special preparation for the missionary work led to the organization of the short-term courses for them at the turn of the 20th
century, which were held in the Perm diocese, as well as to the emergence of the All-Russian
Higher Female Theological Courses. The involvement of nuns into the missionary work was
one of the forms of the expansion of womens role into the enlightenment and social charity
in Russia at the turn of the century.
Keywords: missionary nunneries, missionary activity, archimandrite Macarius (Glukharev),
russification, modernization, enlightenment, the Perm diocese, the holy martyr Jacob Shestakov,
archimandrite Zosima (Rashin).
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 112123
Elena V. Kustova. Reverend Stephen Fileysky and the Traditions of the Athos Monasticism
in the Vyatka Region
In the article on the example of the Vyatka province the interaction between Russia and the
Mount Athos during the second half of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries is
studied. The author reveals those factors that brought about the close ties of the Vyatka with
the Holy Mountain. In particular, she shows the significance of the "Letters to a monk of the
Holy Mountain," the author of which was the Vyatka resident hieromonk Seraphim (Vesnin).
It was through his letters that a strong tradition formed of the active pilgrimage of the Vyatka
inhabitants to the Mount Athos. Many of them later on became monks there.
The article also discloses the influence of both the pilgrims and the Athonite monks
upon the spiritual life of the region. Thanks to those people, in Vyatka a special layer of the
clergy and laity was formed, the representatives of which chose as a paragon for them the
Athonite spiritual experience, and the range of the Vyatka benefactors appeared as well who
provided financial assistance to Athos.
The focus of the author is the personality of the Revd. Stephen Fileysky, who not only
visited the Holy Mount twice, having lived there for several months and absorbed the experience of the Athonite monasteries, but also began to actively instill those traditions in the
Vyatka land. Attention is paid at the Athonite monks attitude towards St. Stephen and his
literary heritage, which resulted in the wide publishing of his books by both the Panteleimon
Monastery and St. Andrew's Skete.
The author shows up the importance of Revd. Stephen as a person, who first began
to impart the cenobitic rule in the Vyatka monasteries during the synodal period, based on
the experience of the Mount Athos, and, in particular, on the experience of the Panteleimon
Monastery confessor hieromonk Jerome (Solomentsov). The Fileysky Alexander Nevsky
Monastery which was created by Revd. Stephen at the end of the 19th century was the conductor of the cenobitic rule in the Vyatka diocese.

272

He also revived the traditions of the elders in the Vyatka land, which were later on
continued by his disciples, particularly by Revd. Matthew of Yaransk. At the same time, the article shows the problems that arose in the monastery after the death of its founder, as the new
abbots, even though they possessed the experience of living in the Holy Mount monasteries,
were not able to maintain the high level of spiritual life typical for St. Stephen and to comply
with the observance of the rule pursuant to the Mount Athos.
Another area of cooperation between the Vyatka and Athos, presented in the article,
were the icons sent to the region from the Holy Mountain. Almost every temple and many
monasteries in Vyatka were then enriched with the Athonite icons. In particular, our paper
tells the story of the Athonite icon of the Great Martyr Panteleimon, which acquired a special
veneration in Vyatka and survives to this day.
Keywords: Athos, Vyatka, monasticism, the Rev. Stephen Fileysky, the cenobitic rule, elders,
icons.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 124130
YuliyaV.Kliukina-Borovik. The Census and Statistical Accounts on the number of Ekaterinburg Old Believers from the 60-es to the 90-es of the 19th Century
The article focuses on the number of the Old Believers of the ancient piety (drevlee blagochestie) in the post-reform period in Ekaterinburg. The rich and influential Old Believers community was a part of the city population since the second half of the 18th century. The representatives of the trade circles, gold mining, and crafts, stemming from the Old Believer
communities, have had a great impact here. They often held the post of the Mayor and were
among the members of the City Council, since the emergence of the municipal authorities
under the reign of Catherine II till the tightening of the state policy by Nicholas I in the 30-es
of the 19th century when many among the Old Believers were forced to turn into the so-called
edinoverie (lit. the unitary faith).
In the article the question of the city Old Believers is considered from the 60-es of
the century after the end of the active persecution, followed by the loss of their former
influence upon the municipal government. One of the first sources of data on various Ekaterinburg denominations were the materials collected by the officers of the General Staff and
published by H. Moselle. His data concerning the proportion of the Yekaterinburg Old Believer population in 1860 (4.8%) differed slightly from the information received by the Perm
Statistics Committee for 1861 (3.8%), and were to a large extent confirmed by the one-day
municipal censuses in 1873, 1887 and by the 1st General census in 1897, which all also fixed
the rate of 4 to 5%. It may be noted that the methods of collecting information by different
agencies during the period under review were not uniform and of high quality. When comparing all the circle of the sources available, a scholars eye is caught with the materials of the
Perm Statistics Committee for 1892, compiled with the assistance of the police, as they were
characterized by the minimum values possible of the female Old Believer population in Ekaterinburg. Moreover, the data in question were fixed in the form of a "sharp decline", and so
they were hard to explain in comparison with analogous figures from the other sources. The
examination of the data from the census in the yards and houses of Ekaterinburg, carried on
against the background of the information obtained by other methods of public accounting

273

as a whole and of the record keeping of the Old Believers, in particular, allows us to speak of
those censuses being such a source that has had a higher accuracy as compared to a consolidated data of the provincial (guberniya) statistical committee.
Keywords: statistics, the Ekaterinburg old believers, census, historical demographics.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 131143
Sergey S. Kim. Liturgical practices mentioned in the homilies of Severian of Gabala
The present note is a survey of the liturgical usages and phenomena mentioned by Severian
of Gabala in his homilies. Being an orator of vivacious style, Severian of Gabala is a precious
testimony to the various everyday practices of his Constantinopolitan flock at the turn of the
4th and the the 5th centuries; in order to be better understood, he refers himself to some contemporary liturgical habits as well. Recently published and little known sermons by Severian
have been used in the article; each analyzed fragment is accompanied with the bibliographical
information on them. The liturgical documentation consists of a number of quotations in the
Ancient Greek original and our Russian translation.
Keywords: Severian of Gabala, Byzantine Liturgy of the 4th5th centuries, Liturgy in Constantinople, Antiphonal Chant, Baptism, Liturgical Context of the Sermon, Ordination, Trisagion.

BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 144163


The Census Books of the Possessions of the Vierkhoturie Saint Nicholas Monastery (1678). Part2.
The Census Book of N.I.Nesentsev (Introduction, Edition and Notes by Andrey V.Poletaev)
The present work is the completion of the publication of the census books of the land
possessions of the Saint Nicholas monastery in Vierkhoturie dated back to 1678. Now we
present to the readers attention the description made by the boyar son N.I.Nesentsev and
the podiachiy (the low-rank official) A. Butakov, who both lived in Vierkhoturie. In the
census book these administrators fixed the farther (dalnie) farms of the Nicholas cloister, to
wit, the land allotment (zaimka) which was situated on the river Pyshma and its inhabitants
(the people who lived beyond the monastery, i.e., the peasants, the poor men (bobyli), the
contributors (vkladchiki), and the employees). Besides the description of the monasterys
land possessions, the task of Nesentsev and Butakov included a census of all the monastic
lands on the river Pyshma, to wit, the property of the Tobolsk archpriest house and of the
Bogoyavlensky (Epiphany) monastery in Nevyansk.
In the 1678 census some rich, sometimes unique materials for the socio-economic
history of the cloister are contained. But, unlike the census conducted by L.M.Poskochin two
years later (in 1680), in which the Nicholas lands, as, e.g., the Pyshma allotment (zaimka)
were marked out, the present source so far is not almost used in the studies on the history of
the Saint Nicholas monastery, save for unique cases. But in the meantime, a comparison of the
two census and enumeration documents, chronologically close to one another, will provide

274

historians with rare research possibilities. This circumstance makes the full publication of the
Saint Nicholas 1678 census books an extremely important task. The present work gives the
readers the second part of this census book, namely, the work by N.I.Nesentsev. The source
text is accompanied with a historical commentary. It touches upon the prosopographical data
concerning the persons mentioned.
Keywords: the ecclesiastical history of Urals and Siberia, the Saint Nicholas monastery in
Vierkhoturie in the second half of the 17th century, the act archaeography, historical genealogy.
BEThS. 2015. Issue 4(12), p. 164241
 e Teacher and the Pupil: Some Letters from 1897 to 1914, connecting Alexey.DmitTh
rievsky with Nicholas N.Palmov (Introduction, Edition and Notes by Natalia Yu. Sukova)
The publication provides a set of letters associated with the names of the two scholars who
have made a significant contribution to the development of Russian science: the great liturgist, Byzantinist and orientalist Alexey Dmitrievsky (18561929) and his student at the
Kiev Theological Academy Nicholas Palmov (18721934) at the first stage of his research
activities liturgist and Church archaeologist, who later on became a historian of the Kalmyk
people. The publication includes 26 letters by N.Palmov to A.Dmitrievsky, the main part
of which relates to the period from 1909 to 1914. During these years, N. Palmov taught at
the Kiev Theological Seminary, and since 1912 he began to deliver courses at the Academy,
while A.Dmitrievsky left the Academy and moved to St. Petersburg where he was appointed
the Council Secretary of the Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society. This collection is supplemented with the two letters from A. Dmitrievsky to N. Palmov, dating from 1914, as well as
with the two letters from N.Palmov to his teachers wife A.I.Dmitrievskaya from 19121913.
The publication continues the presentation of the archival documents related to the life and
work of A.Dmitrievsky.
In the letters presented here three main themes are highlighted: first, the liturgical issues related primarily to N. Palmovs research; then, the inner life of the Kiev Ecclesiastical
Academy in the context of the theological school problems, on the one hand, and of the Kiev
ecclesiastical life, on the other; third, the everyday life of the Astrakhan diocese, which was
the homelad of both the author and the addressee of letters.
The presented letters contain valuable information for the historians of the Church, of
our Ecclesiastical school and of theological science in Russia.
The letters in question are conserved in the archival fund of Alexey A. Dmitrievsky
which is a part of the Manuscript Department of the National Library of Russia.
Keywords: Nicholas Palmov, Alexey Dmitrievsky, the Kiev Ecclesiastical Academy, the Astrahan
diocese, theological education in Russia, the historical liturgiology.

About the authors

PhD, , (., ).
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