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Remember course work 60% : Exam 40%.

Your mock exam results will help calculate roughly with your course work marks what you might get in the summer. It will also indicate personal areas of focus.

GCSE Product Design: Mock Revision.

Mock Exam 20 th January.

4 Revision Lessons.

Additional Revision Tuesday session 5.

GCSE Product Design Revision.

On Wednesday 20 th January you will be sitting your mock exam in product design.
On Wednesday 20 th January you will be
sitting your mock exam in product design.
This will be 90 minutes long and will cover
core areas of the theory. This will be a
good test of your subject knowledge.
It will also give your teacher an indication
of what you know and what you don’t
know.
The paper will cover:
 Human Factors
 Inclusive Design
 Product Marketing
Sustainability
 The 6R’s
 Materials & Finishes
 Health & Safety
 Consumer Issues
 Product Methods
 Manufacturing Methods
 Materials & Finishes  Health & Safety  Consumer Issues  Product Methods  Manufacturing
Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16. This afternoon we will be covering:  Sustainability  The 6R’s

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

This afternoon we will be covering:  Sustainability  The 6R’s  Global Responsibility Revision
This afternoon we will be
covering:
Sustainability
 The 6R’s
 Global Responsibility
Revision will be covered by:
Note taking in your revision
books
Quizzes
 Past exam questions
Worksheets
There is also a revision website
that has been created for you to
use.
Todays section fits under topic 6.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Starter activity: What’s the specification?

Working independently - look at the two products in the

images provided.

- look at the two products in the images provided.  Make a list in your
- look at the two products in the images provided.  Make a list in your

Make a list in your exercise books of the PROS & CONS of both of these bags.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

PROS

Free to the consumer

Readily available

Biodegradable inks now added for natural decomposition.

CONS

Bad for the environment

End up in land fill

Often non recyclable

 End up in land fill  Often non recyclable PROS  Long lasting/stronger/fashionable 

PROS

Long lasting/stronger/fashionable

Can replace in the store of which bought for free

Kinder for the environment/reduces use of plastic bags

Can be repaired if required.

use of plastic bags  Can be repaired if required. CONS  Initial higher cost 

CONS

Initial higher cost

Relies on the consumer to remember to bring the bag each time

they shop.

Not water proof/resistant.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Tesco - Bags for Life

– Repair – Reduce – Reuse. Tesco - Bags for Life They encourage customers to refuse

They encourage

customers to refuse

standard bags & rethink about how they carry their shopping in order to reduce the number of

bags used.

their shopping in order to reduce the number of bags used. Bag For Life - can

Bag For Life - can be reused, if it breaks it can be exchanged for a new one and the old one will be recycled.

The Natural Green Bag A strong fabric bag which can be reused and

repaired if

needed.

fabric bag which can be reused and repaired if needed. Tesco’s offer recycling of their standard

Tesco’s offer recycling of their standard carrier bags in all their stores.

which can be reused and repaired if needed. Tesco’s offer recycling of their standard carrier bags

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

What are the big sustainability issues for designers?

Resource use - We use so much and so many materials.

Resource use - We use so much and so many materials. Many of the products we

Many of the products we use daily use materials that are in

scarce supply and are non-renewable.

If everyone in the world used as any resources as we do in the UK, we’d need three planets to sustain us.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Climate Change

Many products use a lot of energy to:

Process materials and produce

Transport

Use and dispose

materials and produce  Transport  Use and dispose The Big issues The energy used throughout
materials and produce  Transport  Use and dispose The Big issues The energy used throughout

The Big issues

produce  Transport  Use and dispose The Big issues The energy used throughout the product

The energy used throughout the product ‘lifecycle’ releases carbon

dioxide, which contributes towards climate change.

(Q) In terms of climate change what problems can this pose?

Write your response in your revision book. Discussion to follow.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

The 6R’s could be a way of helping you think about the reducing the impact of a new product on the environment and people.

Activity:

Match the 6R’s on your worksheet to their definitions. To save time simply draw an arrow matching up the definition to the title.

Once completed & checked

these will be glued into your

exercise books.

arrow matching up the definition to the title. Once completed & checked these will be glued

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

How did you do? Check answers

RETHINK: Do we make too many products? Design in a way that considers people and the environment.

REFUSE: Don’t use a material or buy a product if you don’t need it or if it’s bad for people or the environment.

REDUCE: Cut down the amount of material and energy you use as much as you can.

REUSE: Use a product to make something else with all or parts of it.

RECYCLE: Reprocess a material or product and make something else.

REPAIR: When a product breaks down or doesn’t work properly, fix it.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Environmental Concerns in terms of materials, manufacture and disposal.

Often referred to as the 6 R’s.

Six words beginning with the letter R. Each describes an action that can be taken to reduce the environmental impact of products.

Recycle

Rethink

Reduce

Refuse

Reuse

Repair

It’s important that designers do their part in taking these things in to account when designing new products.

In terms of your controlled assessment you need to discuss MESS

development in order to access the top level band grades.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Recycling is where products are converted back to their basic materials and remade into new products.

Examples include:

Glass crushed, melted and made into new bottles.

Plastic bottles recycled into drainage pipes and

clothing. (It takes 25 two litre plastic bottles to make one fleece.)

Designers and manufacturers of products need to

design products for recycling. Many local councils now collect materials that can be recycled separately from normal domestic

waste.

for recycling. Many local councils now collect materials that can be recycled separately from normal domestic
for recycling. Many local councils now collect materials that can be recycled separately from normal domestic

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Refuse – Recycle – Repair – Reduce – Reuse. Consumers need to look to reduce the

Consumers need to look to reduce the number of products they buy, or consider buying products that use less energy.

Manufacturers are looking to design

products that:

Have less materials in the product

Take less energy to manufacture

Need less packaging during transport.

Retailers can reduce carbon emissions by transporting products straight to the consumer from the place of manufacture, instead of via warehouses and shops.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Lots of items can be reused in the same form.

Glass milk bottles are a classic product that is

reused. A more recent product that can be reused is a printer cartridge, which can be refilled.

Some products have filters that can be washed rather than using disposable, single- use filters.

Consumers could sell or donate products they no longer use themselves, so that someone else can use them.

use filters. Consumers could sell or donate products they no longer use themselves, so that someone

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Refuse – Recycle – Repair – Reduce – Reuse. Consumers can ask the question, “Do I

Consumers can ask the question, “Do I really need this product?” (Do you really need to replace your mobile phone every year?)

Designers and manufacturers can make products that do the same job more efficiently.

They can design the packaging so that it is easier to recycle (for example, by making the packaging from a single material).

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

The consumer has the choice as to whether they buy /use a product or not.

They can ask the following questions:

Should they refuse the product because it is too inefficient (in use, or in its use of materials)?

Should they refuse the product because its

packaging creates too much waste?

(Disposable cups from the coffee shop, plastic carrier bags from the supermarket, plastic water bottles.)

The designer and manufacturer have an increasing need to think about how the consumer will react to their products; will they refuse them?

Refillable Disposable X
Refillable
Disposable
X

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Introducing the Six R’s.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16. Introducing the Six R’s. Rethink – Refuse – Recycle – Repair –

Rethink Refuse Recycle Repair Reduce Reuse.

Instead of throwing things away consumers need to think more about having things repaired.

Designers have a responsibility to design products that can be repaired more easily.

It takes fewer resources to replace a part of a product, than to replace the whole item.

Could an item be upgraded instead of replace with a new one?

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16. Topic 6 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.

Topic 6 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.

Homework Create your own revision notes.

Week 1: Wednesday 6.1.16.

This afternoon we have been looking at sustainability and the 6R’s. This is a topic which crops up regularly in the exam paper and does feature in your mock exam.

For homework I would like you to read the information sheet, highlight the key words/terms and then make your own version on the blank document.

Revision Tip. Often re-writing words helps you remember them.
Revision Tip.
Often re-writing
words helps you
remember them.
Week 1: Friday 8.1.16. This afternoon we will be covering:   Human Factors Anthropometrics

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

This afternoon we will be covering:   Human Factors Anthropometrics  Ergonomics  Inclusive
This afternoon we will be
covering:
 Human Factors
Anthropometrics
Ergonomics
 Inclusive Design
Revision will be covered by:
Note taking in your revision
books
Quizzes
 Past exam questions
Worksheets
There is also a revision website
that has been created for you to
use.
Todays section fits under topic 5.

A QUICK RE-CAP FROM LAST LESSON.

In your revision exercise book write todays date (8.1.16) and the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions.

the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. What do I mean? Can you
the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. What do I mean? Can you
the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. What do I mean? Can you
the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. What do I mean? Can you

REPAIR.

What do I mean?

Can you explain the definition.

REPAIR. What do I mean? Can you explain the definition. Can you draw the FSC SYMBOL

Can you draw the FSC SYMBOL & example why it is used.

Can you draw my symbol?

& example why it is used. Can you draw my symbol? What am I? Symbol name

What am I? Symbol name & meaning.

you draw my symbol? What am I? Symbol name & meaning. What am I? Symbol name

What am I?

Symbol name

& meaning.

What am I? Symbol name & can you provide a product which may be able to be

recycled using this

method?

which may be able to be recycled using this method? REDUCE. What do I mean? Can

REDUCE.

What do I mean?

Can you explain the definition.

You have 10 minutes

to complete. Then swap for peer marking.

A QUICK RE-CAP FROM LAST LESSON.

In your revision exercise book write todays date (8.1.16) and the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions.

the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. To fix something instead of replacing
the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. To fix something instead of replacing
the title previous lesson quiz and answer these questions. REPAIR. To fix something instead of replacing

REPAIR.

To fix something instead of replacing or buying a new one. Reduce costs and waste of materials.

or buying a new one. Reduce costs and waste of materials. The FSC SYMBOL . For

The FSC SYMBOL. For every tree cut down, three more are replaced in its place.

every tree cut down, three more are replaced in its place. REDUCE. Can you draw my

REDUCE.

Can you draw my

symbol?

are replaced in its place. REDUCE. Can you draw my symbol? Means that the product cannot
are replaced in its place. REDUCE. Can you draw my symbol? Means that the product cannot

Means that the product cannot be placed in a normal bin & needs specialist recycling facilities. Usually found on electrical products

and batteries.

Symbol means that you can recycle glass

bottles. (E.g.) green

bottle glass, wine bottles, drinks etc. it can then be cleaned and reused or broken

down into other

products.

What am I? Symbol name & meaning.

into other products. What am I? Symbol name & meaning. ‘Keep Britain tidy’ logo. Encouraging people

‘Keep Britain tidy’ logo. Encouraging people to

respect their area and not

litter.

What am I? Symbol name & meaning.

Reduce the amount of materials in

a product, take less energy/time to

manufacture, less packaging. Consumers can reduce the amount they buy also.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Ergonomics

How products are designed & shaped to fit the users needs.

These two short videos explain what ergonomics is and why it is important in design.

Questions to follow….

5 th -95 th percentile

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Ignore the extremes

Top 5% and bottom 5% taken out

Consider the rest as a normal range

Be selective tallest for doors, shortest for chairs?

5% taken out  Consider the rest as a normal range  Be selective – tallest

5 th -95 th percentile

Percentiles are shown in anthropometry tables and they tell you whether the measurement given in the tables relates to

the 'average' person, or someone who is

above or below average in a certain dimension.

If you look at the heights of a group of

adults, you'll probably notice that most of

them look about the same height. A few may be noticeably taller and a few may be noticeably shorter.

This 'same height' will be near the average

(called the 'mean‘ in statistics) and is shown in anthropometry tables as the fiftieth percentile, often written as '50th percentile'. This means that it is the most likely height in

a group of people. If we plotted a graph of the heights (or most other dimensions) of our group of people, it would look similar to this.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

of the heights (or most other dimensions) of our group of people, it would look similar

Ergonomics

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Key important areas for an ergonomic product are:

Efficiency - people to their products

Efficiency - people in their working environments

Comfort

Ease of use

Safety

environments  Comfort  Ease of use  Safety Most importantly:  Has to be comfortable

Most importantly:

Has to be comfortable

Easy to use

Help with day to day life

Benefit the user and be safe.

Ergonomes

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Ergonomes are models of

people in normal proportions.

Sometimes they are full size and sometimes to scale.

They help designers make

size and sometimes to scale.  They help designers make decisions about sizes, positioning etc. Appearance

decisions about sizes, positioning etc.

Appearance Prototype:

Making a model out of the actual

materials/scale before going into

production.

etc. Appearance Prototype: Making a model out of the actual materials/scale before going into production.

Modelling.

Manikin- An anatomical 3D model of the human body.

A jointed model of the human body used by artists, especially to demonstrate the arrangement of

drapery. Also called lay figure.

They are useful for assessing the relationship of body parts to spatial arrangements represented by a 3D model, for example, a chair to a desk.

They are generally more expensive than mannequins but they give a

better representation of the overall

ergonomics in the design context.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

mannequins but they give a better representation of the overall ergonomics in the design context. Week

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Anthropometrics.

How data & measurement of the human body is reflected in the design &

manufacture of products.

Anthropometrics

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Anthropometrics Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.  The study of human measurements  Numerous data available 

The study of human measurements

Numerous data available

Need to be selective

Match target group

available  Need to be selective  Match target group  Using Anthropometric Data. Choosing the


Using Anthropometric Data.

Choosing the best measurement from

anthropometric data is important.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Anthropometric Example.

 

Key measurements include the

floor to thigh, floor to shoulder

blades and inside of the calf to the back of the seat.

Don’t forget the hip measurement.

Floor to elbow is a key

measurement when deciding upon the height of the work surface.

The Examination table you will sit at when completing your IB exams.

table you will sit at when completing your IB exams.  Designed to complement the school

Designed to complement the school chair

Correct working height.

Regulation size work area.

Designed to

fit the 5 th -95 th percentile

Designed to fit the 5 t h -95 t h percentile The arm reach is an
Designed to fit the 5 t h -95 t h percentile The arm reach is an

The arm reach is an important measurement when deciding on the depth of workstations.

Don’t forget that we move from the hip when reaching forward so a work surface could be a lot deeper than first considered.

Anthropometric Example.

Car driving position

Many seats adjust to make the position more efficient for the user. Car seats are

probably one of the best

examples. (Q) What adjustment does:

A do?

B do?

C do?
C do?

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

An office working Chair

There are numerous adjustments found on office chairs to make them more efficient to a wide range of users.

to make them more efficient to a wide range of users. (Q) Can you name what

(Q)

Can you name what A,B,C does?

Some office chairs also have foot

rails.

(Q) How do you think this could help?

Draw both of these products and label what A,B & C does. Discussion to follow.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Anthropometric Example.

Car driving position

A Adjust the height of the headrest to support the users neck when driving.

Different heights drive cars

so it is essential that they can adjust to suit their needs.

(Q) What adjustment does:

A do? B do? C do?
A do?
B do?
C do?

B Adjust the angle of the

back support, especially the

low back. Allows the driver to feel comfortable at the

wheel and reduces their need to lean forward when driving.

C Adjust distance from the seat to the

break/accelerator. If you are short (like me) you will

have short legs so being near to the steering wheel and pedals are important for being able to drive safely. Reduces strain on the user also.

How did you do?

Anthropometric Example.

Anthropometric Example. An office working chair. Week 1: Friday 8.1.16. A – Adjust the height of

An office working chair.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

A Adjust the height of the back support so that it cover the back. Adjust according to the height of the

user. Adjust easily using the dial on the

back of the support.

B Adjust the angle of seat. The seat can be tipped forward or back to

support the user when they are sitting

and working at a desk.

C Adjust the height of the seat. This would be used

to increase the height in-line with the desk or table

you are working at. It would reduce strain to the users back, eyes and hands when working/using a computer.

How did you do?

Anthropometric Example.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Computer workstations

Computer workstations have

numerous ergonomic issues to

prevent eye strain, repetitive

strain injury, back ache etc.

prevent eye strain, repetitive strain injury, back ache etc. (Q) How can you prevent eye strain?

(Q) How can you prevent eye strain?

(Q) How can you prevent

back ache?

Adjustable workstations

The work surface height is also adjustable

in the best solutions.

surface height is also adjustable in the best solutions. In terms of a adjustable desk height

In terms of a adjustable desk height

what type of person could this benefit?

Think OUTSIDE of the box!

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

Let’s have a go at a past exam

Question.

This question is about ergonomics & Anthropometrics.

This question is about human factors and product labelling.

(i) What is meant by the term anthropometrics?

(2 Marks)

(i) What is meant by the term anthropometrics? (2 Marks) Remember 1 minute = 1 mark.
(i) What is meant by the term anthropometrics? (2 Marks) Remember 1 minute = 1 mark.

Remember 1 minute = 1 mark.

(ii) Explain how anthropometrics was used in the design of the hair dryer

shown below.

(4 marks)

Write the question and then your answer (in FULL sentences) in your revision book.

Answer & Moderator Comments.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

(i) Anthropometrics literally means man (anthro) measurements (metric). It is the measurement of the

size and proportions of the human body, as well as parameters such as reach and visual range

capabilities. Anthropometrics enables us to properly size items to "fit" the user. Reference to 5 th , 50 th and

95 th percentile.

A sound description of anthropometrics. 2 marks Do not accept ergonomics. A simplistic statement.

1 mark

(ii) Average data for size of adult hand used to style grip, size of buttons, average reach / distance

of end of nozzle from head and handle; measurements for length of cable reach and height of user in relationship to possible positions of power socket. Average data for men and women selected to ensure fully inclusive. Reference to 5 th , 50 th and 95 th percentile.

Do not accept ergonomics.

A concise and detailed response showing a good understanding of how anthropometrics is used in

practice. 2 relevant points developed in detail or 4 in brief.

4 marks

A good response showing a sound understanding of how anthropometrics is used in practice.

2 relevant points developed in detail and 1 in brief or 3 in brief

3 marks

A sound response showing a basic understanding of how anthropometrics is used in practice.

1 relevant point developed in detail or 2 in brief.

2 marks

A simplistic statement which mentions one point only.

Homework Create your own revision notes.

Week 1: Friday 8.1.16.

This afternoon we have been reviewing last lessons topic in the form of a starter quiz. Looking at sustainability and the 6R’s. This is a topic which crops up regularly in the exam paper and does feature in your mock exam.

For homework I would like you to read the information sheet, highlight the key words/terms and then make your own version on the blank document.

Don’t forget Revision in 157 on Tuesday 3.15 – 4.30.
Don’t forget
Revision in 157 on Tuesday 3.15 – 4.30.

Revision Tip.

Often re-writing words helps you remember them.

Don’t forget Revision in 157 on Tuesday 3.15 – 4.30. Revision Tip. Often re-writing words helps
Don’t forget Revision in 157 on Tuesday 3.15 – 4.30. Revision Tip. Often re-writing words helps

A QUICK RE-CAP FROM LAST LESSON.

In your revision exercise book write todays date (13.1.16) and the title

previous lesson quiz and answer these questions.

(Q2) Using the definition below can you name what it is called? “How products are
(Q2) Using the definition
below can you name
what it is called?
“How products are
designed & shaped to fit
the users needs”.
(Q3) Using the definition below
can you name what it is called?
Using the definition below can you name what it is called? How data & measurement of

How data & measurement of the human body is

reflected in the design & manufacture of products.

(Q1) 5 th -95 th percentile is shown on the graph which one is used for a door and a mobile phone and why?

(Q4) What am I called and what am I used for?

(Q5) What ergonomic & anthropometric data has been used in this products design? Consider how you use it.

You have 10 minutes to complete.

A QUICK RE-CAP FROM LAST LESSON.

In your revision exercise book write todays date (13.1.16) and the title

previous lesson quiz and answer these questions.

(A2) ERGONOMICS. “How products are designed & shaped to fit the users needs”. (A3) ANTHROPOMETRICS.
(A2) ERGONOMICS.
“How products are
designed & shaped to fit
the users needs”.
(A3) ANTHROPOMETRICS.
How data & measurement of the

human body is reflected in the design

& manufacture of products.

(A1) Door top 5% (the extreme). Doors need to be high to fit all. Mobile phone 50% (the mean/average). Mobile phones are designed for universal use by ALL people of different sizes/ages/sexes.

(Q4) A ergonome or manikin. Used to manipulate the movement of a human. Work out sizes and dimensions for products.

(Q5) Shape, size, colours, button shape, layout of buttons. Grips

added (rubber) to

hold easily.

You have 10 minutes to complete.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

SO….What is Inclusive Design?

Inclusive design (often called Universal design) refers to

the intention to produce buildings, products and environments that are accessible to both people without disabilities and people with disabilities.

It might be seen as the opposite of Exclusive Design which is often aimed at a very small percentage of the population.

Inclusive design is producing products that do not

discriminate the user!

Inclusive design

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

The basic definition of inclusive design is that products

and services should be designed to be easily usable by

as many people as possible.

Taking into account the differences between people

and their abilities, inclusive design looks at ways of

designing products to suit the majority of people and avoid physical barriers and the need for adaptations.

In other words, good design, where products are fit for purpose.

and avoid physical barriers and the need for adaptations. In other words, good design, where products

Everyday products

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

As well as the very specialised wheelchairs, designers

have been turning their attention to the every day

products all of us use.

their attention to the every day products all of us use. How does this product help

How does this product

help the user?

How does this product

help the user?

us use. How does this product help the user? How does this product help the user?
us use. How does this product help the user? How does this product help the user?

How does this product help the user?

Everyday products

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

As well as the very specialised wheelchairs, designers

have been turning their attention to the every day

products all of us use.

their attention to the every day products all of us use. - Helps open can lids

- Helps open can lids

- Reduce strain on the users wrist

- Helps those with poor strength.

-Rubber moulded handles

help aid gripping.

- Wider handles aid support.

handles help aid gripping. - Wider handles aid support. - Reduces hand strain - Prevents difficulty
handles help aid gripping. - Wider handles aid support. - Reduces hand strain - Prevents difficulty

- Reduces hand strain

- Prevents difficulty of

turning the tap as it has

a leaver.

- Easy to control.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Phones for partially sighted.

Models with a LCD display showing callers telephone numbers or

spoken announcement of the number of a caller require

subscription to a caller ID service.

Large and/or well spaced buttons on a telephone keypad may be

helpful if the user is blind, have low vision or reduced dexterity.

if the user is blind, have low vision or reduced dexterity. (Q) What are your thoughts
if the user is blind, have low vision or reduced dexterity. (Q) What are your thoughts

(Q) What are your thoughts on these products? Do you feel they are inclusive? Do they offend? If so how? More importantly how could they be improved? WRITE YOUR RESPONSE IN YOUR REVISION BOOK.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Big Button telephone.

The BT Big Button 100 has lots of features to make calling easier for those with disabilities.

It has large, well spaced buttons ideal for anyone

who struggles to see a smaller keypad, easy volume controls, an inductive coupler for use with a hearing

aid, and much more.

(Q) how could you improve this product? WRITE & DRAW YOUR RESPONSE IN YOUR REVISION BOOK.

aid, and much more. (Q) how could you improve this product? WRITE & DRAW YOUR RESPONSE

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Let’s have a go at a past exam Question.

This question is about inclusive design. Products are often modified for disabled users.

Suggest how the telephone shown above could be modified to be more suitable for each of the following users with disabilities.

Explain how the modification helps the user.

(i) A hearing impaired user

Modification:

Explanation:

(3 Marks)

(ii) A visually impaired user

Modification:

Explanation:

(3 Marks) (Total 6 marks)

Modification: Explanation: (3 Marks) (ii) A visually impaired user Modification: Explanation: (3 Marks) (Total 6 marks)

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Answer & Moderator Comments.

(i) Any appropriate modification which will help the deaf user use the telephone more effectively.

(1 mark)

Modification 1 mark e.g. light which flashes when the phone is ringing.

Explanation is relevant to and qualifies modification.

(2 marks)

Do not accept standard phone functions such as volume control, speakerphone and speed dial.

Simple statement.

(1 mark)

speakerphone and speed dial. Simple statement. (1 mark) (ii) more effectively. Any appropriate modification which

(ii)

more effectively.

Any appropriate modification which will help the blind / visually impaired user use the telephone

Modification 1 mark

e.g. larger screen for visually impaired / remove screen, larger buttons, Braille on buttons.

Explanation is relevant to and qualifies modification. (2 marks)

Do not accept standard phone functions such as volume control, speakerphone and speed dial.

Simple statement. (1 mark)

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. This afternoon we will be covering:  Product Marketing  Health

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

This afternoon we will be covering:  Product Marketing  Health & Safety  Consumer
This afternoon we will be
covering:
 Product Marketing
 Health & Safety
 Consumer Issues
Safety
Revision will be covered by:
Note taking in your revision
books
Quizzes
 Past exam questions
Worksheets
There is also a revision website
that has been created for you to
use.
Todays section fits under topic 2.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety & Consumer Issues.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety & Consumer Issues.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Exam expectations.

This topic is regularly tested in the written paper.

You are expected to be able to anticipate potential safety hazards in the final product you are designing and making as well as being able

to assess the risks to yourself and others during

the manufacturing stages.

designing and making as well as being able to assess the risks to yourself and others

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safe products.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safe products. Why would you avoid sharp edges & toxic paint? Ensuring
Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safe products. Why would you avoid sharp edges & toxic paint? Ensuring

Why would you avoid sharp edges & toxic paint?

Ensuring that products are safe is a number one priority for designers and manufacturers.

Lots of things such as making sure products do not have sharp edges

or are made from non-toxic

materials are simply common sense.

However, manufacturers are guided

by numerous laws and regulations.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

British Toy & Hobbies Association

Represent the interests of British toy manufacturers. 90% of the British market for toys

and games are represented by the “Lion Mark”.

for toys and games are represented by the “Lion Mark”. Why do you think toys need

Why do you think toys need to be STRICTLY regulated?

For a toy to display the Lion Mark, the

supplier has signed a strict Code of

Practice, (the BATR Code is based on this

same document), which, as well as covering toy safety matters, demands the

highest standards of ethics in advertising.

same document), which, as well as covering toy safety matters, demands the highest standards of ethics

Toy safety

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Make sure toys are suitable for the age of the child. Some children, particularly those under three, are

more vulnerable, particularly to

choking, and less able to cope with particular toys than older children.

less able to cope with particular toys than older children. It should also be remembered that

It should also be remembered that there will be significant differences in

the abilities of those in the same age

group and those children with special needs.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

British Standards Institute.

BSI devises tests that products or components have to meet.

BSI devises tests that products or components have to meet. It awards the Kitemark to those

It awards the Kitemark to those products that meet the standards.

the Kitemark to those products that meet the standards. This image often features in the exam.

This image often features in the exam. Make sure you are confident in being able to draw it onto packaging and

explain its meaning.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

CE European Standards.

Simply means that the product has been approved for sale in the European Union.

product has been approved for sale in the European Union. The letters 'CE' on a product

The letters 'CE' on a product

are the manufacturer's claim

that the product meets the requirements of all relevant European Directives.

meets the requirements of all relevant European Directives. This image often features in the exam. Make

This image often

features in the exam.

Make sure you are confident in being

able to draw it onto

packaging and explain its meaning.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

Draw the British Toy & Hobbies

Association Symbol.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

British Toy & Hobbies

Association

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety Symbols Quiz. British Toy & Hobbies Association

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

Draw the Toy Safety

Symbol.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

Toy Safety Symbol.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety Symbols Quiz. Toy Safety Symbol.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety Symbols Quiz. (Q) Explain what this symbol means and how it

(Q) Explain what this

symbol means and

how it protects the intended user.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety Symbols Quiz.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety Symbols Quiz. Possible Answers: • Ensure toys are suitable for the

Possible Answers:

Ensure toys are suitable for the age

range.

Safe.

Non-toxic paint is used.

No sharp edges.

No loose parts.

No potential choking hazards.

Suitable ‘theme’ for their age range.

Workshop safety.

As a minimum you should:

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Wear eye protection when using tools and machinery

which create dust or sparks

Ensure loose hair is tied back and there is no loose clothing when using power tools and machinery.

there is no loose clothing when using power tools and machinery. Why are goggles worn? Why

Why are goggles worn? Why is tying hair back

important?

there is no loose clothing when using power tools and machinery. Why are goggles worn? Why
there is no loose clothing when using power tools and machinery. Why are goggles worn? Why
there is no loose clothing when using power tools and machinery. Why are goggles worn? Why

Excessive noise.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Loud noise is not just a nuisance it can cause serious and permanent harm.

Check whether you need to wear ear

defenders.

harm. • Check whether you need to wear ear defenders. Why is this important? How could
harm. • Check whether you need to wear ear defenders. Why is this important? How could
harm. • Check whether you need to wear ear defenders. Why is this important? How could
harm. • Check whether you need to wear ear defenders. Why is this important? How could

Why is this important? How could this effect the users health?

Clean air.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Both dust and solvents can cause serious health problems.

Always ensure that dust is extracted from the source.

Ventilation is essential when using paints and solvents.

Ventilation is essential when using paints and solvents. Why is this important? How could this effect
Ventilation is essential when using paints and solvents. Why is this important? How could this effect
Ventilation is essential when using paints and solvents. Why is this important? How could this effect

Why is this important? How could this effect the users health?

Solvents.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Many of the chemicals we use in D&T are both highly

flammable as well as being dangerous to breathe in.

Think in DT where are our solvents stored?

Why is it stored this way?

What does it prevent?

 Why is it stored this way?  What does it prevent? Remember these symbols they

Remember these

symbols they may be in the exam. (Q) Why are danger symbols red?

this way?  What does it prevent? Remember these symbols they may be in the exam.
this way?  What does it prevent? Remember these symbols they may be in the exam.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Corrosive chemicals.

The most common corrosive chemicals in D&T are usually those found in electronics rooms.

The acids used for etching PCBs can burn the skin

Wear rubber gloves when handling these chemicals and

always wash and splashes off the skin immediately with lots of

water

Of course, eye protection is essential.

Corrosive = burning and irritation.

Can you think why eye protection would need to be

worn also?

is essential. Corrosive = burning and irritation. Can you think why eye protection would need to
is essential. Corrosive = burning and irritation. Can you think why eye protection would need to

Exam Paper Style Question.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

We have just finished covering health and safety, as well as consumer issues.

Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series of past paper questions.

safety, as well as consumer issues. Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series
safety, as well as consumer issues. Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series
safety, as well as consumer issues. Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series

Exam Paper Style Question.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Answer from the exam board.
Answer from the exam board.

Exam Paper Style Question.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Draw the symbol in your revision books and then write its

MEANING

&

A PRODUCT IT WOULD BE ON.

Wednesday 13.1.16. Draw the symbol in your revision books and then write its MEANING & A
Wednesday 13.1.16. Draw the symbol in your revision books and then write its MEANING & A
Wednesday 13.1.16. Draw the symbol in your revision books and then write its MEANING & A

Exam Paper Style Question.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Answer for the exam board.
Answer for the exam board.
Exam Paper Style Question. To get FULL marks you MUST give three reasons. We have

Exam Paper Style Question.

Exam Paper Style Question. To get FULL marks you MUST give three reasons. We have just
Exam Paper Style Question. To get FULL marks you MUST give three reasons. We have just

To get FULL marks you MUST give three reasons.

We have just finished covering health and safety, as well as consumer issues.

Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series of past paper questions.

safety, as well as consumer issues. Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series
safety, as well as consumer issues. Now, lets test our subject knowledge by completing a series

Exam Paper Style Question.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Answer for the exam board.
Answer for the exam board.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Safety & Consumer Issues.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Safety & Consumer Issues.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Exam expectations

Issues associated with Consumer

Protection and analysing products are regularly tested in the written paper.

You may also get asked about our

responsibilities as consumers.

products are regularly tested in the written paper. You may also get asked about our responsibilities

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Analysing and testing.

Analysing and testing products is a key part of consumer protection:

Fitness for purpose

Ease of use

Safety

Reliability

Value for money

part of consumer protection:  Fitness for purpose  Ease of use  Safety  Reliability

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Testing During Production

Testing is done at all stages of production:

Testing Prototypes

Consumer trials

Testing properties of materials

Testing during production

Quality Control

Quality Assurance

Sensory testing

properties of materials  Testing during production  Quality Control  Quality Assurance  Sensory testing

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Storage and handling.

There are lots of symbols found on products and their packaging to advise on storage and handling

and their packaging to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of
and their packaging to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of
and their packaging to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of
and their packaging to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of
INFLAMMABLE LIQUID
INFLAMMABLE
LIQUID
to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of these symbols for
to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of these symbols for
to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of these symbols for
to advise on storage and handling INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Can you guess any of these symbols for

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Storage and handling.

There are lots of symbols found on products and their packaging to advise on storage and handling

and their packaging to advise on storage and handling Can be/should be frozen. Store this way

Can be/should be frozen.

to advise on storage and handling Can be/should be frozen. Store this way up! Handle with
to advise on storage and handling Can be/should be frozen. Store this way up! Handle with

Store this way up!

Handle with care.

be/should be frozen. Store this way up! Handle with care. Contents are fragile & could break.
Contents are fragile & could break.
Contents are fragile & could break.

Contents are fragile & could break.

Handle with care. Contents are fragile & could break. Highly flammable. INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Keep away from
Handle with care. Contents are fragile & could break. Highly flammable. INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Keep away from
Handle with care. Contents are fragile & could break. Highly flammable. INFLAMMABLE LIQUID Keep away from

Highly flammable.

INFLAMMABLE LIQUID
INFLAMMABLE
LIQUID

Keep away

from

magnets.

Keep the

packaging

out of the

rain.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Product maintenance.

Many products have a life expectancy based on some degree of maintenance. One example of this would be the personal stereo.

The batteries will need to be changed regularly and it is important that access is easy but

secure.

personal stereo.  The batteries will need to be changed regularly and it is important that

Servicing.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

More complex products such as cars have very detailed maintenance schedules.

Records are kept so that the manufacturer’s warranty is valid. Only authorised garages can carry out the maintenance during the warranty period.

can carry out the maintenance during the warranty period. (Q) Why are BOLD symbols used instead

(Q) Why are BOLD symbols used instead of words?

Some products display signs to indicate when servicing is due.

Some products display signs to indicate when servicing is due. What does this symbol mean? What

What does this symbol mean?

What does this symbol

mean?

Some products display signs to indicate when servicing is due. What does this symbol mean? What

Food products

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Food products often have a lifespan written on their packaging and have specific storage requirements.

‘Use by

or ‘best before end

dates are

found on most food products. As well as a time based on when it was manufactured.

by or ‘best before end ’ dates are found on most food products. As well as
by or ‘best before end ’ dates are found on most food products. As well as

Care labels.

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Clothing manufacturers have agreed an international

code to assist with product maintenance.

Care labels are an essential part of many textile

products.

Care labels are an essential part of many textile products. (Q) Why do you think symbols

(Q) Why do you think symbols are used on clothing labels and on irons?

are an essential part of many textile products. (Q) Why do you think symbols are used

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Maintenance Issues Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. (Q) What do you think the maintenance of a trainer

(Q) What do you think the maintenance of a trainer would be over its

life time?

Write your response in your revision book.

Wash/clean

Remove stones from grip

Deodorise

Replace laces

Replace inner sole

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

stones from grip  Deodorise  Replace laces  Replace inner sole Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

How did you do?

Maintenance Issues

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Maintenance Issues Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. (Q) What do you think the maintenance of a mobile

(Q) What do you think the maintenance of a mobile phone would

be over its life time?

Write your response in your revision book.

Maintenance Issues

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Recharge battery

Update phone numbers

Delete messages

Clean/replace cover

Load apps

Recharge battery  Update phone numbers  Delete messages  Clean/replace cover  Load apps How

How did you do?

Product disposal

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT

WHAT AM I?

Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT
Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT

WHAT AM I?

disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM

WHAT AM I?

WHAT AM I?
WHAT
AM I?
Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I?
Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I?

WHAT

WHAT

AM I?

AM I?

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I? WHAT AM I?

WHAT

AM I?

Product disposal

Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16.

Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Recycling symbol Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green

Recycling symbol

Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Recycling symbol Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green
Product disposal Week 2: Wednesday 13.1.16. Recycling symbol Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green

Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones).

Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green dot Glass. Tin/Metalics. High density Polyethylene
Disposal of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green dot Glass. Tin/Metalics. High density Polyethylene

Green dot

of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green dot Glass. Tin/Metalics. High density Polyethylene (recycling
of Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green dot Glass. Tin/Metalics. High density Polyethylene (recycling

Glass.

Waste Equipment (Batteries/Mobile phones). Green dot Glass. Tin/Metalics. High density Polyethylene (recycling plastic).

Tin/Metalics.

High density

Polyethylene

(recycling plastic).

Aluminium.

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16. This afternoon we will be covering:   Materials Finishes 

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16.

This afternoon we will be covering:   Materials Finishes  Manufacturing Products  Production
This afternoon we will be
covering:
Materials
Finishes
 Manufacturing Products
 Production Methods
Revision will be covered by:
 Note taking in your revision books
Quizzes
 Past exam questions
Worksheets
There is also a revision website that
has been created for you to use.
Todays section fits under topic 7 & 10 .

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16.

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16. Topic 7 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.

Topic 7 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16.

Week 2: Friday 15.1.16. Topic 10 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.

Topic 10 Revision notes to be played on the hyperlink below.