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# DPDC-2014, BUET

## Solution of Recruitment Test Question of Dhaka Power Distribution Company (DPDC)

Solved by: Rony Parvej (IUT, EEE07)

## Post: Assistant Engineer (Electrical)

Time: 90 minutes
Exam Date: 07.11.2014

Venue: BUET

## 2. Determine Req and I in the circuit shown bellow:

Req = 5 + 15||{6||12 + 20||80}||60 = 5+15||(4+16)||60 = 5+7.5 = 12.5 Ans.
I = V/ Req =40/12.5 = 3.2 A Ans.

3. For the circuit shown bellow, Let VC (0) = 45V. Determine VC (t) and VX (t) at t > 0.

Req =12||6 + 8 = 12
= Req. C = 12*1/3 = 4s
VC (t) = VC (0) e-t/ = 15 e - t/4 = 15 e - 0.25t Ans.
We can use voltage division to get VX (t)
VX (t) =
* VC (t) = 1/3* VC (t) = 5 e - 0.25t Ans.
Reference: Alexandar Sadikus book: page 258, example 7.1

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

DPDC-2014, BUET

4. 3-phase line voltages of 2300 volts magnitude are impressed on a balanced wye connected load
which consists of 100 resistance per phase in series with 173.2 inductive reactance per phase. Find
the line current and the total power taken by the 3-phase load.
VL = 2300 V
V = 2300/3 = 1328 V
Z = 100 + j173.2 = 20060
I = V / Z = 2300 / 20060 = 11.5 60 A
IL = 11.5 60 A Ans.
P = 3 V I cos = 3*1328*11.5*cos60 = 22908 W = 22.9 KW Ans.
5. Determine the minimum value of IB that will produce saturation. (In saturation VCE 0.2 V)

IC = (10 - 0.2)/4.7 = 2.085 mA
IB = IC / = 2.085 / 200 = 10.42 A Ans.

6. Draw the ac small signal equivalent circuit of the following MOSFET configuration.

DPDC-2014, BUET

## 7. Calculate the Output VO of the following circuit:

The given circuit is a circuit diagram of instrument amplifier. Comparing with the formula of output of
instrument amplifier,

We get,
VO = (12-13)(1+2*5/1)*10/10 = -11V Ans.

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

DPDC-2014, BUET

8. Draw layout diagram of a substation having double bus-bar with single circuit breaker for each
circuit.

9. Show that, the generalized circuit constants of the short transmission line model satisfy the condition

## Transmission line can be expressed as a two port network:

Where,
Vs = AVr + BIr - - - - - - - -
And

Is = CVr + DIr

--------

## A short transmission line can be expressed as,

Here,
Vs = Vr + ZIr - - - - - - - -
Is = Ir

--------

## Comparing eq. with and with we get,

A =1, B=Z, C=0 and D =1.
AD - BC =1*1 Z*0 = 1- 0 =1. (Showed)

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

DPDC-2014, BUET

10. Write Down the power angle equation for a pure reactance network. Point out a change in which
network element would affect the system satiability.

## Factors that influence steady state stability:

(a) Transmission line reactance
(b) Excitation voltage
Factors that influence dynamic stability:
(b) Change in turbine speed

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

DPDC-2014, BUET

11. An alternator is supplying a load of 500KVA at 0.6 power factor. If the power factor is raised to
unity, how many more KW can the alternator supply for the same KVA loading?
At 0.6 p.f. active power of 500 KVA alternator = 500*0.6 = 300 KW
At unity p.f. active power of 500 KVA alternator = 500*1 = 500 KW
Extra KW that can be supplied by alternator = (500-300) KW = 200 KW Ans.
12. What conditions are required in paralleling two alternators? Draw three-light-bulb method for
checking phase sequence. What else method can check this?

## There are five conditions that must be met before the

synchronization process takes place. The alternator must have
Equal line voltage,
Frequency,
Phase sequence,
Phase angle and
Waveform to that of the system to which it is being
synchronized.
[Waveform and phase sequence are fixed by the construction
of the generator and its connections to the system, but voltage,
frequency and phase angle must be controlled each time a
generator is to be connected to a grid.]

## Except three-light-bulb method, using a synchroscope method can

also check the phase sequence of an alternator.

DPDC-2014, BUET

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

13. Draw an auto-transformer starter for a 3-phase induction motor and mention the starting sequence.

## The Star switch is closed

The Start switch is closed to energize the autotransformer
The motor is connected at a selected reduced voltage tap on the autotransformer and
starts to turn and accelerate
After a predetermined period the Star switch will open
After a mili-second delay the Run switch will close, connecting full line voltage to the
motor
The Start switch will then open and the motor will be at operational speed

14. A PCM-TDM system multiplexes 10 band limited voice channel (300-3400 Hz) and uses a 256
level quantizer. If the signal is sampled at a rate 17 % higher than Nyquist rate, then what will be the
maximum energy bandwidth of the transmission channel?
Here,
Maximum frequency of the message signal, fm = 3400 Hz.
Nyquist frequency of the signal, fNQ = 2 fm = 2* 3400 Hz =6.8 KHz
Sampling frequency of the signal, fS
8

= 17

## Quantization Level, L = 256 = 2

No. of bits in the code, n=8
Maximum energy bandwidth of one channel = n fS = 8*8 KHz = 64 KHz.
Maximum energy bandwidth of 10 channel = 10* 64 KHz =640 KHz Ans.

DPDC-2014, BUET

## Rony Parvejs EEE Job Solution

15. The spectrum of a modulating signal is shown in the figure. Draw the spectrum of DSB-SC,
SSB+C, and VSB modulated signals for this modulating signal assuming a carrier signal of
C (t) = AC Cos 2 fC t