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Semester Review Student Quiz

5 Multiple Choice:
The diagram below represents locations for a certain biome. After identifying the
image, what do you know about it?

a. The NPP ( net primary productivity rates) low due to lack of rain and
b. Typical latitudes where the biomes are found- 30 0 N and S
c. Both A and B
d. General description scarce in vegetation but impressive animal biodiversity

Changes to the natural environmental make-up by Christopher

Columbus, Colombian Exchange, caused an:
a. ecological convulsion
b. conversion
c. new species generation
d. immunity to foreign diseases

What is the crude death rate:

a) measure of the number of deaths in a population per 1000
b) the death rate during the first year of life
c) refers to the difference between the number of live births and the number of
deaths occurring in a year, divided by the mid-year population of that year,
multiplied by a factor (usually 1,000).
d) How many people per thousand will die in a given year.

Natural Increase Rate of a human population is


number of immigrants per year.

number of immigrants number of emigrants per year.


D (crude birth rate+ crude death rate) / 10

What was the cause of the 6th Mass Extinction?

A. Human activity
B. Meteors
C. Asteroids
D. Ice Age
Fill in the Blank
Although a pasture might have a high biodiversity rate, the _____ can still be
____ if its infertile and thus not having biodiversity lost to consumers.
The ____ is an example of the Grassland Biome. There is ____diversity present
however relatively low _____ due to insufficient "restocking" rate
The maximum population size an environment will sustainably support is called
______ rate is the number of births per ______ women of child-bearing age per
A ______ is a region with a high biodiversity where 70% of habitat is lost

Short Answer
Using a specific example, explain certain risks to top carnivores due to humans.
(Hint: Farmers)
What type of countries have high fertility rates ? Low fertility rates? Why?
Explain biodiversity. Define three types of biodiversity with one example of each
Multiple Choice
A (D - Standard mortality rate not CDR)
C (difference of births and deaths to give increase)
Fill in the blank
Although a pasture might have a high biodiversity rate, the productivity rate can
still be high if its infertile and thus not having biodiversity lost to consumers.
The Savanna is an example of the Grassland Biome. There is _high_diversity
present however relatively low productivity due to insufficient "restocking" rate
Carrying Capacity
Fertility, thousand
Short Answer
1) Top carnivores are vulnerable to activity further down the chain as energy is
lost during the flow upwards. If there isnt enough quantity of organisms present
(insufficient biomass) the top consumers are at risk of not being supported. DDT
was not a biodegradable pesticide from the past. The DDT travelled up the food
chain from being sprayed on producers. Higher trophic levels encountered higher
bioaccumulation of the pesticide which is more concentrated as it moves alongmore lower level organisms are eaten by higher level organisms and so there is a
higher bioaccumulation within higher trophic levels as well as concentration of

the pesticide from accumulating all the organisms (bio magnification). Since top
also involves longer life spans, the risk of accumulating continuation -> risk of
DDT poisoning.
2) Highest fertility rates are found in the poorer countries while low fertility rates
are found in the richer countries. This is because the rich want to have small
families, so that money concentrates on less people. While poor families try to
make many babies because they usually dont have sufficient money therefore
the ones that survive will be the ones that support the parents.Also, for example,
rural areas need more kids to help out and work the farms where as those in the
urban areas (MEDC) have a different lifestyle. Also education and family planning
plays a factor on the LEDC to have a higher rate.
3) Biodiversity numbers of species of different animals and plants in different
places, spread of individuals between species is more important that total
number of individuals.
a. Species Diversity Number of different species within a given area of habitat.
Includes how many species and how many in each. Urban areas/ Polar areas
low where as Rain forests have high
b. Genetic Diversity - Range of genetic material present in a species/populationgene pool. Gene banks enhance this. Shows genetic variety variation between
individuals of a species. Domestication less genetic material, Genetic
engineers can clone; good for high-yield crops/animals but vulnerable to disease.
Both individuals and populations different populations in different areas ->
different genetic make-up, create Species. Conserve different areas to conserve
genetic population of a species. Low g.d grey seals only living in northeast
coast of England
c. Habitat Diversity Number of different habitats per unit area that a particular
biome contains. Tropical Rainforest high