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Savanna

&
Intertidal Zones

Savanna

East Africa

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f6hXA4-0Hlk

Distribution

Equator

Where?

Africa, Australia, Madagascar, India,


South America, and the Southeast
part of Asia.

Temperature

Hot and dry area


very wet and very dry
between grassland and forest
region
The average temperature is 24-29
degree celsius.(Warm)

Precipitation
In rainy season, there is average 30-50 cm. per year.
In dry season, there is last for 8-9 months.

There has more


seasonal variation
than in tropical
forests.

Organism that Live in the Environment

Plants

The scattered trees - thorny and


small leaves
The fire-adapted plants - oftens fire
and drought
Forbs - grasses and small nonwoody plants(ground cover and
tolerant with the herbivores and
large mammals)

Animals

Large herbivore animals wildebeests and zebras


Predators - lions and hyenas
Dominant herbivores - insects
and termites
Drought season - herbivore
mammals migrate to the forage
(feeding) and scattered water
holes.

Human Impact

The evidence shows that earliest humans


live in Savanna.
Fire was set by human in helping to
maintain biome. (decrease tree
regeneration by killing seeds and
saplings.)
Overhunting led to diminished number of
large mammal populations.

Intertidal Zones

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DR1gP5S6Bsk

Physical Environment

Intertidal zones - area where tides made the marine coast cover by water
then, show up.
Located between high tide and low tide
In each strata, some organisms occurrence are limited.
- Upper zone get more air, increase in salinity, temperature,
less organisms
- Lower zone more organisms

Chemical Environment

The tides creates new oxygen and nutrients in each turn.


high in both oxygen and nutrients

Geologic Features

Rocky Shore & Sandy Beach


Organisms are selected by their
behavior and shape
Tides strength based on the form
of shore
Wave action affects the amount of
organisms

Organism that Live in the Environment

Autotrophs - Rocky algae


Sandy no plants or algae attached
Heterotrophs - Rocky ability to attach on surface
barnacles, periwinkles
Sandy hide underneath and wait for food from tides
worms, clams, crustaceans
Common sponges, sea anemones, echinoderms,
small fish

Human Impact

Pollution oil spill, trash, sewage, toxic chemical


disturb in many area
negative effect on organisms
Harvesting food, bait, home aquarium, souvenirs
decrease of some organisms
Construction rock walls, barrier
block waves & wind erosion
loss of intertidal zones
organisms cant attach on surface

References
1.

Savanna Climate. (n.d.). Room42. Retrieved November 11, 2015 from https://room42.wikispaces.
com/Savanna+Climate?responseToken=0ec296a18dd7981985a188a56fbe609f1

2.

Savanna Climate. (n.d.). Blue Planet Biomes. Retrieved 11, 2015 from http://www.blueplanetbiomes.
org/savanna_climate_page.htm

3.

Intertidal Community. (n.d.). United States Environmental Protection Agency. Retrieved November 12, 2015
from http://omp.gso.uri.edu/ompweb/doee/science/biology/inter1.htm

4.

Intertidal Zone. (2014). Riverview Science. Retrieved November 12, 2015 from http://hoopmanscience.pbworks.
com/w/page/73803422/Week%2015-%20Kaitlyn%20Thao

5.

Marine Ecosystem. (2010). Introduction to Aquatic Science. Retrieved November 11, 2015 from http://www.agri.
kmitl.ac.th/elearning/courseware/aquatic/4_5.html

References
6.

Tide Pools: Human Impact & Conservation. (n.d.). Seaworld Parks & Entertainment. Retrieved November 12,
2015 from http://seaworld.org/animal-info/ecosystem-infobooks/tide-pools/human-impact-and-conservation/

7.

Resource Issues: Coastal Armoring and Erosion. (n.d.). Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary. Retrieved
November 12, 2015 from http://montereybay.noaa.gov/resourcepro/resmanissues/coastal.html

8.

Savanna Biome. (n.d.). BioExpedition. Retrieved November 12, 2015 from http://www.bioexpedition.
com/savanna-biome/

9.

Environmentalist: Effects and Impact of Human Progress. (n.d.) Biome: Savanna. Retrieved November 12, 2015
from http://thebiomesavanna.weebly.com/effects-of-human-progress.html

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