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Term 1

Definition 1

The effective throat of a complete


penetration groove weld shall be

The thickness of the thinner part


joined

Term 2

Definition 2

When welding lengthwise connecting


two round bars, the proper symbol
would be

Flare V Groove weld

Term 3

Definition 3

Fillet welds may be used to connect


skewed T joints provided the plates
are set at an angle of not less than

30

Term 4

Definition 4

The minimum thickness for a plug


weld in material 1" thick shall be

5/8"

Term 5

Definition 5

Welding shall not be done when:

When ambient temperature is lower


than 0F or
Surfaces are wet or exposed to rain,
snow, or
high wind or When welders are
exposed to inclement conditions.

Term 6

Definition 6

When ambient temperature is lower


than 0F or
Surfaces are wet or exposed to rain,
snow, or
high wind or When welders are
exposed to inclement conditions.

AWSA5.17 & A5.23

Term 7

Definition 7

When welding 5/16" plate in the field, a


welder must be certified for

Structural

Term 8

Definition 8

Re-entrant copes shall have a


minimum radius of:

1"

Term 9

Definition 9

Where tight fit of intermediate


stiffeners is specified, it shall be
defined as allowing a gap of up to

1/16"

Term 10

Definition 10

Spatter is caused by

Welding current too high or arc length


too long

Term 11

Definition 11

In order to insure sound welds at the


ends of a joint. The following shall be
used

Extension bars & runoff plates

Term 12

Definition 12

In repairing cracks in a weld, remove


the crack and sound weld metal how
far beyond each end of the crack

2"

Term 13

Definition 13

The removal of slag from a deposited


weld bead is:

Mandatory

Term 14

Definition 14

What electrodes have low hydrogen


coating?

Electrodes ending 5, 6, or 8.

Term 15

Definition 15

With which process would an ER70S-X


electrode be used

GMAW

Term 16

Definition 16

Oven storage of low hydrogen


electrodes is:

To avoid damage by atmospheric


moisture

Term 17

Definition 17

Welded joints not pre-qualified shall


be:

Qualified

Term 18

Definition 18

Welder certification may be waived by

No one

Term 19

Definition 19

Peening is not permitted on

Root and surface layers of welds


5.27

Term 20

Definition 20

The suggested minimum nominal


thickness of backing bars for SMAW
process is

3/16

Term 21

Definition 21

Pre-heat and interpass temperatures


must be sufficient to

Prevent crack formation

Term 22

Definition 22

Low hydrogen electrodes exposed to


the atmosphere for longer periods
then that permitted by codes shall be
redried no more than

One time

Term 23

Definition 23

The minimum effective length of a fillet Overall length of full size fillet including
weld shall be:
boxing

Term 24

Definition 24

Caulking of welds; What is it and is it


permitted

Caulking of welds is to plastically


deform weld or base metal surfaces to
seal or obscure discontinuities as
undercut, piping porosity, pin holes,
cracks, etc. Caulking is not permitted
on most
metals.

Term 25

Definition 25

In gas metal arc welding the electrode


is:

Consumable

Term 26

Definition 26

The effective area of a fillet weld is:

The effective weld length X the


effective throat.

Term 27

Definition 27

The minimum length of an intermittent


fillet weld shall be:

1 1/2"

Term 28

Definition 28

The 'U' in joint designation TC-U9a


refers to:

Metal thickness, U = Unlimited

Term 29

Definition 29

Arc strikes outside the area of


permanent welds should be:

Avoided

Term 30

Definition 30

Base metal specification may be found


in:

ASTM

Term 31

Definition 31

Information regarding back gouging of


roots in a single bevel groove weld
without backing is found in footnote
section:

Note 4

Term 32

Definition 32

What is the required root opening for


the SMA welded CJP single-U-groove
weld:

0 to 1/8"

Term 33

Definition 33

When spacers are used in the doubleSpacer removed by gouging to sound


bevel groove weld, the weld is not to
metal be-fore welding second side.
be complete until:

Term 34

Definition 34

The size of the spacer for double-V


groove weld using a 30 bevel and
welded in the overhead position shall
be:

1/8" X 3/8"

Term 35

Definition 35

What is the required root opening for a


single-V-groove weld to a back-up
strip welded in the vertical position
at 20 angle:

1/2"

Term 36

Definition 36

A single J-groove weld preparation in


the horizontal position shall be made
with SMAW & groove angle of:

45

Term 37

Definition 37

What is the root opening for a partial


joint penetration square groove weld
butt joint of material 1/4" thick:

1/8"

Term 38

Definition 38

A break in the arrow shaft in the


symbol in the single bevel groove weld
indicates:

Which plate to chamfer

Term 39

Definition 39

What is the maximum base metal


thickness in a single bevel groove
weld:

U = Unlimited

Term 40

Definition 40

What is the included angle of


preparation for the double-V-groove
weld. Using a spacer and a 1/2" root

20

Term 41

Definition 41

In an E70 1 8 electrode, what does the


E designate

Electrode

Term 42

Definition 42

Before welding a joint, the surfaces to


be welded shall be free of what?

Scale, slag, rust, moisture, grease, etc.

Term 43

Definition 43

If a welder is qualified by testing in 3/8


inch thick tubular structural steel in the
6-GR position CJP using a
E701 8 electrode, is the welder
qualified to weld a PJP on 1 inch thick
Structural Steel plate in the vertical
down
position?

NO

Term 44

Definition 44

It is usually good practice to oscillate


which of the mild steel SMAW
electrodes

E6010 & E6011

Term 45

Definition 45

The E7024 electrode may be used in


what positions?

Flat and horizontal

Term 46

Definition 46

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an


iron powder covering?

Electrodes with last digit "4"

Term 47

Definition 47

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an


iron powder and low-hydrogen
covering?

Electrodes with last digit "8"

Term 48

Definition 48

Which welding process would an


E7018 electrode be used with?

SMAW

Term 49

Definition 49

Which welding process would an


E70T-X electrode be used with?

FCAW

Term 50

Definition 50

Single bevel groove, with 45 angle


and backing, the root opening must be
what?

1/4"

Term 51

Definition 51

The maximum size of a fillet weld in the


flat position, and in one pass shall be
how much?

3/8"

Term 52

Definition 52

Continuous solid wire electrode (


E70S-X ) used in semi-automatic
welding would be used in which
process?

GMAW

Term 53

Definition 53

Members distorted by welding may be


straightened by application of limited
amounts of localized heat. The
temperature of heated areas as
measured by approved methods shall
not exceed how much for Quenched
and
tempered ( Q. & T.) steel nor how much
for other steels.?

Q&T1100F, Other 1200F

Term 54

Definition 54

What is the minimum thickness of


material to be used for weld washers?

0.05"

Term 55

Definition 55

When parts are to be fillet welded, in a


lap joint of material under 3" thick the
allowable separation of faying
surfaces shall not exceed how much?

3/16" Max

Term 56

Definition 56

The maximum size electrode allowed


for the root pass of an overhead fillet
weld is what diameter?

5/32"

Term 57

Definition 57

What is the maximum permitted carbon


equivalent for reinforcing steel that
may be welded without prior
qualification
tests?

0.65 %

Term 58

Definition 58

The first 7 in the E71T-7 designates


what?

The tensile strength in 10,000's of psi

Term 59

Definition 59

The last digit "7" in E7027 designates


what?

Type of flux coating on electrode - Iron


powder /
Iron oxide; & type of current used - AC
or
DCEN.

Term 60

Definition 60

When welding a flat fillet root pass, the


largest allowable electrode is what
diameter?

3/16"

Term 61

Definition 61

The "S" in E70S-3 designates what?

GMAW - Solid wire electrode

Term 62

Definition 62

The digit "1" in E7018 indicates that


welding is to be in what positions?

All positions

Term 63

Definition 63

Which of the SMAW electrodes has an


iron powder and iron oxide covering?

SMAW mild steel electrodes where last


digit is
"7", ie. E6027

Term 64

Definition 64

The E6011 electrode will give more


penetration than all other SMAW
electrodes except what?

E6010only

Term 65

Definition 65

The "60" in E6011 indicates what

60,000 psi Tensile strength

Term 66

Definition 66

The effective throat thickness of a fillet


weld is computed by measuring the
shortest distance between what two
points?
{AW

The root to the face

Term 67

Definition 67

Low hydrogen shielded metal arc


electrodes shall be protected from
moisture. The E70XX low hydrogen
electrodes
shall be returned to an oven within
what period of time?

4 hours

Term 68

Definition 68

In butt weld root pass in the horizontal


position,the thickness of weld metal
that may be built up behind the advancing arc shall be how large?

5/16"

Term 69

Definition 69

Between "Structural Welding Code Steel" Dl.l and "Structural Welding


Code - Sheet Steel" D1.3, there is M
a metal thickness overlap of the
minimum for Dl.l and the maximum for
D1.3. How much overlap of metal
thickness is there?

0.055 = approx. 1/16 inch.

Term 70

Definition 70

Even if prior qualification is made,


what is the maximum permitted carbon
equivalent for reinforcing steel that
is to be welded?

0.75%

Term 71

Definition 71

In which positions is 1/2" the maximum


size allowed for a fillet weld made in
one pass?

Vertical

Term 72

Definition 72

Using DC straight polarity, the


electrode is which; . . . . positive,
negative or neutral

Negative

Term 73

Definition 73

The minimum preheat and interpass


temperature for ASTM A572 grade 60
structural steel 2" thick welded with
SMAW process is how much?

225F

Term 74

Definition 74

The minimum preheat and interpass


temperature for structural steel 1/2"
welded with the SMAW process and
an electrode other than Low Hydrogen
is how much?

32F

Term 75

Definition 75

The largest electrode permitted when


welding in the flat position is what
diameter

5/16"

Term 76

Definition 76

E7018 electrodes are used with what


type of welding current

AC & DCEP

Term 77

Definition 77

Should back-up strips or bars be


removed from all welds? Explain

No; Not mandatory but permissible

Term 78

Definition 78

Shielded metal arc electrodes with low


hydrogen covering shall be kept dry in
storage ovens. Low hydrogen
electrodes of the E80XX series when
taken from the oven shall be used
within what period of time?

2 hours

Term 79

Definition 79

Except for root pass, the largest


electrode permitted for out of position
welding is what diameter

1/4

Term 80

Definition 80

Reverse polarity means that the


electrode is which; .. . positive,
negative or netural ?

Positive

Term 81

Definition 81

What does "CJP" in the tail


specifications part of a weld symbol
mean?

Complete Joint Penetration

Term 82

Definition 82

What kind of metal is classified as


6061-T6?

Aluminum

Term 83

Definition 83

Safety precautions shall conform to


the latest edition of what specification
published by the American Welding
Society?

ANSI/AWSZ49.1

Term 84

Definition 84

If the tensile strength of a single pass


weld made with an E6010 electrode is
60,000 p.s.i. what would the tensile
strength of a six pass weld be?

60,000 psi

Term 85

Definition 85

The amount of lap required for a fillet


welded lap joint shall be at least five
times the thickness of the thinner
plate not less than how much?

1 inch

Term 86

Definition 86

Backing strips are used to prevent


melting through roots of grooves
welds by using what for backing
material?

Metal, weld metal, carbon,flux, gas,


glass tape, etc.

Term 87

Definition 87

The minimum angle of the plates in a


skewed T joint, to be welded with fillet
weld, shall not be less than how
many degrees to be considered as
effective in transmitting applied force?

30

Term 88

Definition 88

The minimum thickness of a plug or


slot weld in 3/8" plate is how much?

3/8"

Term 89

Definition 89

The largest size of crater permitted and


left at the end of a weld is how much?

No crater of any size is allowed

Term 90

Definition 90

A fillet weld when measured for size


shall be measured how?

Leg length of the largest inscribed


isosceles rt.
triangle

Term 91

Definition 91

CWI: 5 years experience, or 3 years & a


what are the education and experience
technical degree; CAWI: 2 years
requirements for a CWI? CAWI?
experience, or 6 months & a technical
degree

Term 92

Definition 92

1) code or governing body; 2)


purchaser's, customer's, or owner's
welding inspectors can be categorized
(QA); 3) fabricator's, manufacturer's, or
how?
contractor's (QC); 4) architect's or
engineer's

Term 93

Definition 93

what document(s) cover(s) safety in


welding and cutting?

ANSI Z49.1

Term 94

Definition 94

which is most general of the following


terms: code, standard, specification?

standard

Term 95

Definition 95

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what


subjects?

B31.1 covers pressure vessels and


power piping, B31.3 covers chemical
process piping

Term 96

Definition 96

Interpass temperatures are measured


what distance from the joint?

1"

Term 97

Definition 97

What topics are covered by ASME


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
sections V, VIII, & IX?

V covers nondestructive examination;


VIII covers Unfired Pressure Vessels,
and IX covers Welding and Brazing
Qualifications

Term 98

Definition 98

In structural applications, when the


metal thickness is less than 1/8", what
AWS code applies?

AWS D1.3 - sheet metal

Term 99

Definition 99

Fillet welds may be measured using a


tolerance of :____

-1/32"

Term 100

Definition 100

is the name of the document that


prescribes the details of how a weld
must be performed.

WPS - Welding Procedure


Specification

Term 101

Definition 101

When it is impractical for the welding


inspector t witness all tests and
observe all welds during production,
what kind of inspection results?

random-partial

Term 102

Definition 102

the welding inspector is responsible


for judging acceptability of a product
in accord with what?

a written document

Term 103

Definition 103

which code choices are available for


taking AWS QC1 CWI/CAWI exams?

AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2


(structural aluminum); AWS D1.5
(Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad); ASME
VII & IX; ASME IX, B31.1, & B31.3

Term 104

Definition 104

AWS D1.1 specifies that


nondestructive testing must be
performed by an individual qualified in
accordance with what document?

SNT-TC-1a

Term 105

Definition 105

ASME B31.1 & B31.3 cover what


subjects?

B31.1 covers pressure vessels and


power piping, B31.3 covers chemical
process piping

Term 106

Definition 106

Interpass temperatures are measured


what distance from the joint?

1"

Term 107

Definition 107

welding symbols are defined in what


publication?

AWS A2.4

Term 108

Definition 108

What topics are covered by ASME


Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code
sections V, VIII, & IX?

V covers nondestructive examination;


VIII covers Unfired Pressure Vessels,
and IX covers Welding and Brazing
Qualifications

Term 109

Definition 109

In structural applications, when the


metal thickness is less than 1/8", what
AWS code applies?

AWS D1.3 - sheet metal

Term 110

Definition 110

which code choices are available for


taking AWS QC1 CWI/CAWI exams?

AWS D1.1; API 1104; AWS D1.2


(structural aluminum); AWS D1.5
(Bridge); AWS D15.1 (Railroad); ASME
VII & IX; ASME IX, B31.1, & B31.3

Term 111

Definition 111

for fillet welds on material greater than


1" thick or greater, what is the
allowable undercut? Are there
exceptions?

1/16", no exceptions

Term 112

Definition 112

in cases of dispute over welding terms,


what document prevails?

AWS A3.0

Term 113

Definition 113

the standard describing the


requirements for welding crosscountry pipeline is:

API 1104

Term 114

Definition 114

acetylene becomes unstable above


what pressure?

15psi

Term 115

Definition 115

safety training is mandated under the


provisions of what agency?

OSHA

Term 116

Definition 116

Name the ending numbers in the


classification E-70XX for low hydrogen
SMAW electrodes

70X5, 70X6, 70X8

Term 117

Definition 117

Name the position numbers in the


classification of E-70XX SMAW
electrodes

701X is all positions, 702X is flat and


horizontal only

Term 118

Definition 118

T or F: according to AWS D1.1, steel


backing on groove welds must be
continuous.

TRUE

Term 119

Definition 119

At what level are currents considered


"primary shock currents" and hence
dangerous?

6mA

Term 120

Definition 120

what is the most common ASTM


structural steel? What is its minimum
yield strength? What is its minimum
Ultimate Tensile Strength (UTS)?

A-36, 36ksi (36,000 psi), and 58ksi

Term 121

Definition 121

AWS D1.1 states that all surfaces to be


welded and surfaces adjacent must be
free from what elements?

thick scale, slag, moisture, rust,


grease, and other foreign material.
Paint & mill scale (not loose or thick)
are acceptable

Term 122

Definition 122

what is the numerical designation for


the AWS filler metal specification
"Carbon Steel Covered Arc Welding
Electrodes"?

A5.1

Term 123

Definition 123

what is the numerical designation for


the AWS filler metal specification "Low
Alloy Steel Covered Arc Welding
Electrodes"?

A5.5

Term 124

Definition 124

The American Welding Society certifies


welding inspectors according to what
document?

AWS QC1

Term 125

Definition 125

what topics do the sections of AWS


D1.1 cover?

1) General Requirements; 2) Design of


Welded Connections; 3)
Prequalification of WPSs;
4)Qualification; 5) Fabrication; 6)
Inspection; 7) Stud Welding; 8)
Strengthening and Repair of Existing
Structures

Term 126

Definition 126

what are the two kinds of welding


inspectors defined by the AWS D1.1?
What are their roles?

Fabrication/Erection (QC), and


Verification (QA)

Term 127

Definition 127

"Authorized Inspector" is a term


associated with what? By what
organization are they certified?

an "Authorized Inspector" is one who


has bottom-line QC responsibility; they
are certified by the National Board of
Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors

Term 128

Definition 128

How often are new editions of the AWS


AD1.1 published?

every 2 years

Term 129

Definition 129

what does the "Code of Ethics" of the


AWS QC1 consider to be the most
important obligation of a welding
inspector

public safety

Term 130

Definition 130

what is a MTR?

Material Test Report

Term 131

Definition 131

For material less than 1" thick what is


the maximum allowable undercut in a
fillet weld? Are there exceptions?

1/32" exception: up to 1/16" for any


accumulated length up to 2" in 12"

Term 132

Definition 132

the term "Contract Documents" refers


1) all applicable codes; 2) the
to what?
(structural) plans; 3) the specifications

Term 133

Definition 133

what is a specification?

a document that describes the


requirements for a particular object or
component

Term 134

Definition 134

what is a weld discontinuity?

an interruption in the typical structure


of the material

Term 135

Definition 135

what is a weld defect?

a discontinuity or discontinuities that


render a product unacceptable

Term 136

Definition 136

what is an RFI?

Request For Information

Term 137

Definition 137

the maximum atmospheric exposure


time allowed by AWS D1.1 for E-7018
electrodes is what?

4 hours

Term 138

Definition 138

According to AWS D1.1, the separation


between faying surfaces of butt joints
landing on a backing bar cannot
exceed what amount?

1/16"

Term 139

Definition 139

what is the national organization for


concrete and soils technicians?

ASCET

Term 140

Definition 140

under the provisions of AWS D1.1,


who is ultimately and legally
responsible for assuring that the
welders are certified?

the contractor

Term 141

Definition 141

most often, preheat and interpass


temperatures are measured using
what?

temperature-indicating crayons (also


contact pyrometer)

Term 142

Definition 142

when the base metal must be


preheated prior to welding, AWS D1.1
specifies that the arts must be heated
to the required minimum for at least
how far in all directions prior to
welding?

3" (or thickness of material, whichever


is greater))

Term 143

Definition 143

ASTM is an abbreviation for what?

American Society for Testing and


Materials

Term 144

Definition 144

once removed from their original


containers, AWS D1.1 requires that
low-hydrogen electrodes be
maintained in electrode ovens at what
minimum temperature?

250F

Term 145

Definition 145

What is an ITL?

Independent Testing Laboratory

Term 146

Definition 146

20/40 with or without correction and


A CWI or CAWI must have passed what Jaeger J-2 at 12" near vision acuity
eye test(s)?
(color test may be required by
employer, but is not required by AWS)