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KWAZULU-NATAL ‘vaxwAduti:NaTaLL SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCH4EM, DURATION: 2 HOURS ‘TOTAL MARKS: INTERNAL EXAMINERS): DR J. POCOCK INTERNAL MODERATOR(S); PROP BK. LOVEDAY EXTERNAL MODERATOR: — MR S.B. DAVIS. INSTRUCTIONS: 1. ALL questions shouldbe attempted, 2 Any progremmabie or non-programmable calculator may be used provided it has bon cleared of any information tht would subver the purpose ofthe examination, 3. Cleulations must be shown in sufficient detail to illustrate your understanding ofthe procedure. UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULUNATAT, EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMDER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHAEM PAGE: | of 6 QUESTION Describe how the MIDREX and COREX processes differ ffom traditional blast fumace production o ion, What advantages do they have as world supplies of coking coal become: depleted? TOTAL /10/ QUESTION? Bioleaching of ores is wed in both copper and uranium ore processing for lower grade material. How do the bacteria ait the leaching process, and what are the limitatious that they have? TOTAL vy ON. With the eid of a diagram, describe the production of aluminium in HalLHrSult cells. What adcitve is used inthe process end why? TOTAL no UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHEEM PAGE: 2 of 6 QUESTION 4 ‘The Merill-Crowe process is used in the production of gold by hydrometallergical means How does the process work and what altomatve process may be wed for gold revovety? TOTAL 0 QUESTION 5 (One of the routes for producing PGMs is via snode slimes, which are tested to recover the various metals. 8) Where do the anode slimes come from and how are they produced? 0 ) Briefly describe how the PGMs ae separaed, 6 TOTAL /10/ UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, EXAMINATION NOVEMBER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHSEM PAGE: 3of 6 SSS SECTION B - LECTURED SECTION QUESTION ¢ 2) Slag is being cleaned of copper oxide (Cv;0) by contact and reaction with « matte containing iron and copper sulphides at 1400°C. The slag flow i three times that ofthe ‘atte and contains 10% CuO, 30% FeO, 50% CaO and 10% Si0s (molar basis). The matte consists of 50% Cu and 50% FeS (mola bass). Given the reaction data below, determine the recovery of capper fom the slag. as) Thermodym 2Fe+0; +2FeO A= 320 d/o! Op Cut O;—+2C0 AG =-125 ksmol Op 2Fe+S,-+2FeS —AG=-130limol Se 401+) 4208 State any assumptions that you make, Universal Gas constant R= 8,314 Jmol K 1b) In ths process, is the slag acidic or base, and asa result what type of refractory lining should be chosen (ie. acie or basic)? @ TOTAL 117) UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHEEM PAGE: 40f 6 ‘QUESTIONT ‘What properties are controled in a slag layer to echieve optimum performance, and what is ‘he function of he slag? TOTAL is QUESTION § TRasic oxygen fimmaces are “ton blown’, What does top blowing achiev to improve the conversion of ron to steel? TOTAL 1 IESTION 9 ‘A Solvent Extraction process using LIX-B0 ata pH of 5 is being used to extract Nickel ions from a leach solution. In the extraction stage, the stripped organic enters the extraction proces at a loading of 1.6g/l. Nickel. The lesch liquoe coatains 3.5g/L of Nickel. An ‘equilitum eure i provided on page 6 1) How many mixer-rttler stages would be euitable for this extraction? 0 ‘What wil be the concentration of Nickel in the loaded organi phase? 3 ©) What will be the concentration of the aqueous raffnate? @ ‘The flowrates ofthe organic and aqueous phases canbe assumed to be equal TOTAL /1/ UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2014 (COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHAEM PAGE: 5 of 6 QUESTION 1 Insolvent extraction, why ist important to minimise transfer of iron into the stip liquor TOTAL 3 QUESTION ‘What are the function ofthe following in electrowinning and electorefining processes? 8) Polymeric additives a 1b) Membranes around the cathodes 2 TOTAL 14 QUESTION 12 Copper is being electrowon fom a IM solution onto copper cathodic starter plates, Given the data below, what isthe cathode potential necessary for plating to begin at @ current density of 300 Ain"? ® Half.Cell Resstion —E,(v) Logic) Tafel Slope (iv cu#2e= Cu 4034-07 120 b) What otner potential would have to be applied to optimise the process? @ TOTAL UNIVERSITY OF KWAZULU-NATAL, EXAMINATIONS: NOVEMBER 2014 COURSE AND CODE: EXTRACTIVE METALLURGY ENCHEEM PAGE: 6 of 6 EXTRACTION STAGES