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SOC 331 Complete Class

Product DescriptionSOC 331 Complete ClassAll Quizzes IncludedSOC 331 Week 1 DQ 1


Moral, Legal, and Religious Perspectives on Social JusticeMoral, Legal, and
Religious Perspectives on Social Justice. In Chapter 1 of your textbook, justice is analyzed
from three perspectives, each with its own set of relevant concepts. The text includes three case
studies for consideration from each perspective. Select one (only one) of these case studies as the
focus of your initial post in this discussion. Then analyze the selected case study from the justice
perspective which accompanies it and answer the following questions.
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If you select Case Study 1.1 Jacob Little and Walmart, analyze it from the
perspective of justice as a moral concept. Your analysis must address the following
questions:

Did Walmart offer Jacob a just wage? Why or why not?

Was the aldermans decision to let Walmart operate in the city just? Why or why
not?

If you were the alderman, what would you do to more fully promote justice in the
situation? Why?
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If you select Case Study 1.2 Just Desserts?, analyze it from the perspective of
justice as a legal concept.

Was the courts sentence for Mr. Allen just? Why or why not?

Was the courts sentence for Mr. Brown just? Why or why not?

If you were the judge presiding over both of these trials, what would you do to
more fully promote justice in them? Why?
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If you select Case Study 1.3 Honor the Sabbath or Keep Your Job, analyze it
from the perspective of justice as a religious concept.

Did Chief Gerst treat Corporal Brown justly? Why or why not?

Did Corporal Brown act justly after his agreement with Chief Gerst? Why or why
not?

If you were the Chief of TSUs Police department, what would you do to more fully
promote justice in the situation? Why?
SOC 331 Week 1 DQ 2 The Justice of Climate Change The Justice of Climate
Change. In Chapter 1 of your textbook, the author identifies the possible causes and
consequences of global warming/climate change as emerging issues loaded with implications for
justice. He also analyzes the concepts of distributive justice, commutative justice, and retributive
justice and suggests their relevance to conversations about how individuals, businesses, and nations
should respond justly to evidence of global warming. These conversations are made more difficult by
acrimonious debates about the quality of the scientific evidence that supports global warming
hypotheses as well as the motives and integrity of various scientists on both sides of the issue.
Case Study 1.4 Getting Warmer? illustrates this problem.Familiarize yourself with the debate
highlighted in Case Study 1.4 by reviewing the required resources for this discussion. Then apply

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concepts of distributive justice, commutative justice, and retributive justice to answer the following
questions.
How should the concept of distributive justice influence the response of the
United States to evidence of global warming? Why?
How should the concept of commutative justice influence your response, as an
individual, to evidence of global warming? Why?
How should the concept of retributive justice influence governmental and
individual responses to business activities which emit substantial amounts of carbon
dioxide and other greenhouse gases. Why?
SOC 331 Week 2 DQ 1 Justice from Four Perspectives Family, Community,
State, and Nation Justice from Four Perspectives: Family, Community, State,
and Nation. In Chapter 2, the author urges students to look at justice through the lens of reason
by developing frameworks that permit careful analysis and evaluation of competing views
(Dreisbach, 2013, Section 2.1). He provides an example of such a framework by analyzing how the
concept of justice varies when viewed from the different perspectives of family, community, state, and
nation. In this discussion, you will apply this framework to analyze justice issues arising from
demands for the legalization of a traditionally prohibited behavior in the United States same-sex
marriage. Before responding, carefully read the discussion question below:According to the revised
2010 Census, in the United States there were 131,729 same-sex married couple households and
514,735 same-sex unmarried partner households. As of December 2012:
Thirty-eight states have state constitutional provisions or other laws restricting
marriage to one man and one woman;
Nine states and the District of Columbia issue marriage licenses to same-sex
couples;
One state recognizes marriages by same-sex couples legally entered into in
another jurisdiction;
Eight states provide the equivalent of state-level spousal rights to same-sex
couples (civil unions) within the state; and
Two states provide some state-level spousal rights to same-sex couples within
the state (e.g., domestic partnerships, designated beneficiaries).
Consequently, in at least 30 states same-sex couples are denied the many legal and economic
benefits that are available to married heterosexual couples. Additionally, in 1996 Congress enacted
and President Bill Clinton signed the Defense of Marriage Act (DOMA) which:
Defines marriage, for the purpose of receiving federal legal and economic
benefits, as the legal union of one man and one woman; and
Permits a state not to recognize a marriage legally entered in another state
between persons of the same sex.
Analyze both the distributive and commutative justice of this complex situation from each of these
different perspectives:
A same-sex couple who was legally married in one state but whose private sector
jobs require them to live in another state that legally restricts marriage to traditional
hetero couples.
The highly urbanized and socially liberal community, in which that same-sex
couple lives, where the city government grants city employees who are registered
domestic partners (regardless of sex) the insurance and other fringe-benefits it grants
to legally married (heterosexual) couples.
The mostly rural state where they live, which some observers characterize as
being part of the Bible-belt.

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The nation of the United States of America which is governed by President Barack
Obama who has instructed his Department of Justice to not defend DOMA when its
constitutionality is challenged in the federal courts (several of which have held parts of
the law to be unconstitutional).
SOC 331 Week 2 DQ 2 Justice and Socio-Economic Class Justice and SocioEconomic Class. In Chapter 2 of the textbook, the author describes meanings for the concept of
socio-economic class and analyzes how perceptions of justice may be influenced by class
distinctions in American society (see Section 2.4). He also references the related views of two
provocative and thought-provoking contemporary scholars. Robert H. Frank provides an economic
analysis, and Charles Murray offers a socio-cultural interpretation. In this discussion, you will
summarize the perspective of one of these scholars and evaluate its relevance to understanding
how class influences beliefs about justice. Review the questions below and select one (only one) of
these scholars as the focus of your initial post.
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Robert H. Frank. Debates aboutdistributive justice among economic classes
often characterize the outlook of the rich as libertarian, the views of the poor as
egalitarian, and the perspective of the middle-class as utilitarian. This over-simplified
framework may translate into conflicting ideologies about the role of government in
achieving economic justice. On one extreme are libertarian proponents of the free
market and on the other extreme are egalitarian proponents of socialism. In the middle
are a variety of mixed approaches to the role of government in the economy that
promote utilitarian concepts of distributive justice the greatest good for the greatest
possible number of people. Cornell University economist Robert Frank, in his recent
provocative book, The Darwin Economy: Liberty, Competition, and the Common Good,
rejects but not completely both the libertarian and egalitarian extremes. Instead, he
advocates a new role for government that encourages individuals toward self-interested
economic behavior that also advances the economic welfare of all members of the
community. In your initial post, summarize Franks arguments both his criticism of the
libertarian and egalitarian extremes. Then, analyze his proposals on how to achieve
greater economic justice for the whole community. Finally, evaluate the relevance or
usefulness of his views for understanding how economic class differences may influence
perceptions of distributive justice. Do you think his views may be appreciated as just by
rich people? Poor people? Middle-class people? Explain your conclusion. To help you
successfully complete this discussion, review the following resources in the order they
are listed:

Darwin, the market whiz

Robert Frank on the Darwin economy

Robert Frank: The Darwin economy: Liberty, competition, and the common
good [Radio broadcast]
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Charles Murray.Commutative justice rests on a shared understanding of the
rights and responsibilities of all parties to the basic social contract that holds a society
together. On one level, the U.S. Constitution might be characterized as part of the social
contract on which the American political system is based. But on a deeper, more
fundamental, level, the social contract includes shared values which shape our
expectations of others and ourselves with respect to morality, culture, self-reliance, and
collective responsibility. Charles Murray, a political scientist at the conservative
American Enterprise Institute, calls into question the relevance of the social contract
which he sees as the source of the founding virtues on which American civic life
depends. In his recent provocative book, Coming Apart: The State of White America,
1960-2010, he argues that Our nation is coming apart at the seams not ethnic
seams, but the seams of class (Confessore, 2012). He focuses on what he sees as the

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social and moral collapse of the white working class and the growing cultural gap
between them and the white upper class. In your initial post, summarize Murrays
description of the white working class and the white upper class. Also, analyze the basis
for his pessimistic outlook about governments ability to solve this problem and reinvigorate Americas social contract. Finally, evaluate the relevance or usefulness of his
views for understanding how socio-economic class differences may influence
perceptions of commutative justice. Do the white working class and the white upper
class no longer have a shared understanding of the rights and responsibilities of the
basic social contract? Explain your conclusion. To help you successfully complete this
discussion, review the following resources in the order they are listed:
Tramps like them: Charles Murray examines the white working class in Coming
Apart
Can the working class be saved?
Charles Murray on white America [Radio broadcast]
SOC 331 Week 2 State vs. Federal Marijuana Legalization State vs. Federal
Marijuana Legalization. For this assignment, you will again follow the suggestion to look at
justice through frameworks that permit careful analysis and evaluation of competing views
(Dreisbach, 2013, Section 2.1). Again, you will apply his framework for analyzing how the concept of
justice varies when viewed from the different perspectives of family, community, state, and nation. In
this assignment, you will apply this framework to analyze justice issues arising from recent
successful efforts to legalize recreational marijuana use in two states and medical marijuana in
several other states. Before responding, carefully read the assignment prompt below. By the end of
2012, eighteen states and the District of Columbia had legalized medical marijuana use, under
various circumstances, and two states had legalized recreational marijuana use. Legalization
proposals are pending in other states. At the same time, the federal governments Controlled
Substances Act (CSA) bans the possession, production, sale, or distribution of marijuana, even
when such activity is technically in compliance with state law. Moreover, the Supreme Court has
affirmed the constitutionality of federal enforcement of the CSA against individuals who were in
possession of or were growing marijuana for medical use in compliance with California law. Analyze
the retributive, commutative and distributive justice of this complex situation from each of these
different perspectives:
A recreational pot smoker who lives in a state that recently legalized growing,
possessing, selling, and distributing, through state-regulated dispensaries, limited
amounts of marijuana for medical use.
A parent living in the same state, concerned that her 12-year-old will be exposed
to new and significant risks of addiction to pot that will be readily available in their
community.
An HIV patient, also living in this state, whose doctor advises that smoking small
amounts of marijuana will probably relieve some of his pain.
The Chief of Police of the city where these people live, who has urged the City
Council to enact new local zoning and other regulations that will make it virtually
impossible for medical marijuana dispensaries to operate in the city.
The states new Medical Marijuana Board, which is empowered to permit and
regulate dispensaries but is without the power to withhold permits, merely because of
local opposition in a particular community.
The President and Attorney General of the United States who are responsible for
enforcing the CSA as well as upholding the nations obligations to implement anti-drug
treaties that it has ratified.

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From your analysis of these various perspectives, draw a conclusion about how to achieve the most
just resolution to issues involving the availability of marijuana in American society. SOC 331
Week 3 DQ 1 Distributive Justice Across the Generations Distributive Justice
Across the Generations. In Chapter 3 of your textbook, the author discusses how demographic
differences, such as age, influence understandings of distributive justice. He also reviews how
libertarian, utilitarian, and egalitarian theories of distributive justice enter into conversations across
demographic divides. The soaring cost of health care, the limitations of the economy in paying for
health care, and the growing proportion of the population who are over age 65, have given rise to
serious discussion, at times acrimonious, about the possible need to or the justice of rationing health
care to that age group. A common definition of rationing is withholding some specific medical
treatments for reasons other than a patients desire to have the treatment (e.g., Medicare not paying
for certain treatments for very elderly patients). In your discussion, you must, from the perspective of
distributive justice, summarize the major arguments on both sides (the pros and cons) of the issue of
whether health care should be rationed to the elderly. You must also characterize these arguments
according to whether they are primarily libertarian, utilitarian, or egalitarian in nature. Finally, you will
evaluate these arguments from your view of distributive justice, explaining both how your personal
life experiences and your own libertarian, utilitarian, or egalitarian views influence
your evaluation.To help you successfully complete this discussion, review the following required
resources:
Callahan, D., &Nuland, S. B. (2011, June 19). The quagmire: How American
medicine is destroying itself.The New Republic,242(8), 16-18. Retrieved from the
EBSCOhost database.
Rationing by any other name: Reasons for resisting the push to limit medical care
Should we ration end-of-life care? [Radio broadcast]
Rationing health care at end of life: Student handout 3
SOC 331 Week 3 DQ 2 Distributive Justice and Scarce Natural
Resources Distributive Justice and Scarce Natural Resources. In Chapter 3 of the
text, the author calls attention to how struggles for scarce natural resources will pose increasingly
difficult problems of distributive justice in the future, on both the local and global levels. Case 3.4
Fracking Friction (in Section 3.4) explores this issue in the context of fracking for natural
gas.Suppose that the connection between fracking and adverse health effects is as yet an unproven
possibility. Do individuals health interests outweigh the property interests of energy companies in
withholding information about fracking chemicals, which they claim are trade-secrets? Why or why
not?Your initial post must, from the perspective of distributive justice, explain your response to the
above questions as they relate to Case 3.4. Consider the issue from both sides (the pros and cons).
Incorporate arguments that draw upon libertarian, utilitarian, and egalitarian views of
distributive justice.Tohelp you successfully complete this discussion, review the following required
resources:
Fracking secrets by thousands keep U.S. clueless on wells
Fracking: Abundant energy, but at what cost?
Is fracking making people sick? [Radio broadcast]
Fracking our food supply
SOC 331 Week 4 DQ 1 Commutative Justice and Embryo
Adoption Commutative Justice and Embryo Adoption. In Chapter 4 of the textbook,

the author examines commutative justice as arising from contractual relationships a specific
contract among particular parties or a broader social contract on which a community or nation is
based. He also discusses how the interpretation or enforceability of a specific contract may be
influenced by the principles and values that are part of the broader social contract.At the end of
2012, more than 600,000 frozen embryos are being maintained in cryopreservation storage facilities
in the United States. Some of them are the subject of agreements in which one party transfers one
or more embryos to another party for implantation. Such agreements may be called Embryo
Adoption Agreements, although there is controversy over the use of the term adoption since the
legal status of an embryo is different from that of a living child. In recent years, there have been a
number of legal disputes arising from these agreements. Cynthia Marietta describes one of these
disputes, McLaughlin v. Lambert, in her article, Frozen embryo litigation spotlights pressing
questions: What is the legal status of an embryo and can it be adopted?First, carefully read this
article. Then, in your initial post, analyze the issues of commutative justice in this case, and apply the
principles discussed by both Marietta and the textbook (see Section 4.4). Be sure to consider
whether values that are part of the broader social contract (e.g., the U.S. Constitution) may influence
how the specific contract between the two couples in this case should be interpreted justly. Consider
this case from both sides of the dispute as well as from the perspective of societys interest in the
status of frozen embryos. SOC 331 Week 4 DQ 2 Commutative Justice and the
National Debt Commutative Justice and the National Debt. In Chapter 4 of the text,
the author examines commutative justice across the generations (see Section 4.5). This idea arises
from the writings of British political thinker Edmund Burke (1790):Society is indeed a contract a
partnership in all art, a particular in every virtue, and in all perfection. As the ends of such a
partnership cannot be obtained in many generations, it becomes a partnership not only between
those who are living, but between those who are living, those who are dead, and those who are to be
born(Reflections on the French Revolution, para. 165)Burkes idea of a social contract
between generations is often cited in contemporary debates about the spiraling nation debt of the
United States. What do young and old citizens living today owe, as a matter of commutative justice,
to generations of citizens who are not yet born? Is it just for todays citizens to demand policies (e.g.,
low taxes and high levels of government service) that create huge debts for future generations to
pay? SOC 331 Week 5 DQ 1 Retributive Justice and Mandatory Life
Imprisonment for Juvenile Offenders Retributive Justice and Mandatory Life
Imprisonment for Juvenile Offenders. In Chapter 5 of the textbook, the author examines
retributive justice from the standpoint of the means of punishment (Section 5.2). He calls attention to
the length of prison sentences and, in particular, the issue of mandatory life sentences for
juvenile offenders.In 2012, the U.S. Supreme Court declared laws that require judges to impose
life-without-parole sentences for juveniles to be in violation of the Eighth Amendments prohibition of
cruel and unusual punishments. The decision (Miller v. Alabama) was a 5-4 split in the Court
which is typical of many such decisions that apply the cruel and unusual punishment provision.Your
initial post must analyze the retributive justice issues of mandatory, life-without-parole sentences.
Consider the facts ofMiller v. Alabama: Defendant Miller, a 14-year old boy, with an accomplice
beat the victim with a baseball bat and set his trailer on fire with the victim inside. Defendant Miller
was tried as an adult for capital murder while committing arson.Is a mandatory, life-without-parole
sentence just in such circumstances? Remember that just may or may not be the same as

constitutional. Summarize both the pros and the cons of your answer to this question, and critically
evaluate these pros and cons, applying principles of retributive justice discussed in the text. Your
evaluation must respond to the pros and cons, giving persuasive reasons why you agree with some
and disagree with some. SOC 331 Week 5 DQ 2 Alternative to Retributive
Justice Alternative to Retributive Justice. In Chapter 5 of the text, the author discusses
four alternatives to retributive justice: corrective justice, reformative justice, restorative justice, and
transformative justice (see Section 5.3).In Case Study 5.5 Dead Woman Walking, the text
describes the circumstances that led to the 1998 execution in Texas of Karla Faye Tucker. Before she
was executed she requested, but was denied, clemency. Her cause was supported by many political,
correctional, and moral leaders.Would the application of any of the four alternatives to retribution
have produced a more just outcome? Your initial post must explain and apply each of the four
alternative theories of justice to Karla Faye Tuckers case. Also, critically evaluate each of the
alternatives in the circumstances of her case. Why does each theory produce a more or less just
outcome than the approach actually followed by the State of Texas? Finally, is the utility of each
alternative limited to the unusual circumstances of Karlas case or do they have value more generally
to merit consideration as a more just approach than retributive justice? SOC 331 Week 1
QuizSOC 331 Week 2 QuizSOC 331 Week 3 QuizSOC 331 Week 4 QuizSOC 331
Week 5 Quiz