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378(075.8):517.521.3
22.16173
82


-

. ..

..

:
.., ..
..
82

: (
): . .
.: . .. ( 05899 24.09.2001 .), , 2007. 184.
ISBN 978-5-89407-292-0
ISBN 978-5-317-02090-3

, (
). ( 200 ),
(
200 ).
:
, , , , , , , .

, ,
,
. .
, ,
.

378(075.8):517.521.3
22.16173


2007

ISBN 978-5-89407-292-0
ISBN 978-5-317-02090-3


. .., 2007
.., 2007

..

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
1.
1.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
1.2. . . 14
1.3. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
1.4. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23
1.5. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
2.
2.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27
2.2.

f (t ( x ))t ( x )dx =

= f (t )dt . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28
2.3.

udv = uv vdu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

3.
3.1.

ax + b
cx + d dx (ac 0; cx + d 0) . . . . . . . . . .

(x + a ) (x + b )

3.5.

ax

3.6.

3.7.

40

( a b; m, n N ) . . . . . . . 42

Ax + B
dx (a 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44
+ bx + c
dx
n N , n 2; b 2 4c < 0 . 45
n
2
x + bx + c
( Ax + B)dx
n N , n 2; b 2 4c < 0 . 47
n
2
x + bx + c
2

3.8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48
3.9. . 52
3.10. ..

P(x )

P1 ( x )

P2 ( x )

Q(x ) dx = Q (x ) + Q (x ) dx . 61
1

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65
4.
4.1. -
4.1.1.

ax + b
n
n

,
R
x
,
ax
+
b
d
x
,
R
x

cx + d dx . . . 68

pk
p1
p2

q1 ax + b q 2
qk
ax
b
ax
b
+
+

4.1.2. R x,
cx + d , cx + d ,.., cx + d

. 70
dx

4.2.

R(x,

ax 2 + bx + c dx (a 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72

ax + bx + cdx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
4.2.2. ( Ax + B ) ax + bx + c dx . . . . . . . . . . . . .
2

4.2.1.

dx
ax 2 + bx + c (a 0) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
dx
(a b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
3.3.
(x + a )(x + b )

3.2.

dx

3.4.

4.2.3.

4.2.4.

dx
ax 2 + bx + c
( Ax + B)dx
ax 2 + bx + c

72
74

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76

..
4.2.5.

4.2.6.

4.2.7.

4.2.8.

4.2.9.

Pn (x )dx
ax 2 + bx + c
dx

(x )

(x

4.2.11.

ax 2 + bx + c

ax 2 + bx + c

R(x,
4.2.13. R (x,

. . . . . . . . . . . 83

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89

a 2 x 2 dx ,

xa
dx ,
x + a

)
)dx ,

a 2 + x 2 dx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93
x a
2

R x,

x+a
dx (a > 0) . . . . . . . . . 95
x a

4.2.14. 1-

ax 2 + bx + c = t x a (a > 0) . . 99

4.2.15. 2-

ax 2 + bx + c = xt + c (c > 0) . . 101

4.2.16. 3-

a( x )( x ) = t (x ) . . . . . . . 102

4.3.

x (a + bx )
m

n p

..

5.

R(sin x, cos x )dx , R

5.1.

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
78

a+x
R x, a x dx (a > 0) . . . . . . . . . . . 91

4.2.12.

(n N ) . . . . . . . . .

+ px + q )
R( x )dx

R(x,

ax
R x, a + x dx ,

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77

ax 2 + bx + c
dx
(x 2 + a )n bx 2 + c (n Z ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
xdx
(x 2 + a )n bx 2 + c (n Z ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
( Ax + B )dx

4.2.10.

R x,

dx . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104

4.4. , . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .107
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .111

5.1.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
5.1.2. ,
5.1.3. ,
5.1.4. ,

R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x ) . . . . . . . . . 119


R(sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x ) . . . . . . . . . . 121
R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x ) . . . . . . . . . .121

sin x cos xdx (n, m Z ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 123


5.2.1. sin xdx , cos xdx (n N ) . . . . . . . . . . 123
n

5.2.

5.2.2. , n m . . . . . . . . . . .125
5.2.3. , n m . . . . . . . . . . 126
5.2.4. , n m . 127
5.2.5.
5.2.6. ,

dx

dx

- ,

cos

(n N ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 128

sin

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .131
5.2.7. , ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
5.2.8. , ,
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 132

sin ax cos bxdx , sin ax sin bxdx ,


cos ax cos bxdx , sin ax sin bx sin cxdx . . . . . . . . .133
5.4. tg xdx , ctg xdx (n N ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 134
dx
dx
, ctg x
, n R ,
5.5. tg x
cos x
sin x
5.3.

m - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
dx
dx
5.6.
,
. . . 135
a sin x + b cos x a sin x + b cos x + c
dx
. . . . . . . .138
5.7.
2
a sin x + b sin x cos x + c cos 2 x
dx
dx
,
,
5.8.
sin ( x + a )sin ( x + b ) cos(x + a ) cos(x + b )

..

sin (x + a )cos(x + b ) (a b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
dx

5.9.

dx

dx

138

dx

sin x sin a , cos x cos a , sin x cos a . . . . 140

a1 sin x + b1 cos x
a sin x + b1 cos x + c1
dx , 1
dx ,
a sin x + b cos x
a sin x + b cos x + c
a1 sin 2 x + 2b1 sin x cos x + c1 cos 2 x
dx . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143

a sin x + b cos x

5.10.

5.11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .147
5.12. . . . . . . . . . . . 148
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152
6. , ,
,

6.1. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 158
6.2. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
6.3. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
6.4. . . . . . 170
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .174
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 180

,
.
,
3-4 , . ,
,
. , ,
,

, . ,
,
, , .
, ,

, ( , , . ) . - .

.
, .
, .

,
. -

..

(, .. , .. .. , ..
, .. , .. , .. .),
, , . , ,
.
.
.
, , . . ,
, . ,
.
, , , ,
, .
, . , , , .
, . ,
, .
, ,
.
, .-. , ,
1-
. ...
,

1.

,
.
. , . ,
.
[9]
, () . ! , .
..

1.1.

,
, , ( ) . .
, XVII . , ,
.
. -

11

1.

. , ,
.
XVII . , XVIII .

(16461716). ,
(16611704), (16541705) (16671748) , ,
(17071783), . ,
(16161703)
(16301677), , . (16981746).
,
.
, . , ,
F x ,

( )

()

()

()

f x , F x = f x . , , , ,
.
( . . ) . . ,
.
: , , . .
, . .

ydx

(1686),

S ( Summa).
( ) XVIII .
(17361813). .
1690 ., .
.
(16431727). , , , , . ,
. , S x ,

()

12

..

y = f ( x ) ,
[a, b ] , [a, x ] , x [a, b ] ,
y = f ( x ) : S (x ) = F ( x ) F (a ) . ,

,
x

f (x )dx = F (x ) F (a ) .
a


x = b:
b

f (x )dx = F (b) F (a ) .
a

,
. . , x ,

( )

F (x ) + C ( C = F (a ) ) -

f x . .
, .. , . F ( x ) a . , , .. b

, , . .
. , .
XVIII . . .
(1696),
, . (1742), , , 90-
XVII ., ,
.
XVIII . .
.

1.

13

.
.
1) , 2 (1748).
2) , 1 (1755).
3) , 3 (17681769).
, .
, , , , , ( ) . , ,
, .. .
, C . , .
.

( -

) .

(17171783) , , (17891857).
XIX . , , .. (18011862) .. (1821
1894).
, ,
(, , n -) -

( n 1 -) , ,
. .

.
, . . . ( ).

..

14

1.2.

(a, b) , ,
f ( x ) .
.1 ( ). F ( x ) f ( x ) (a, b ) ,
F ( x ) F ( x ) , f ( x ) (, , f ( x )dx F ( x ) : dF ( x ) = f ( x )dx ).

, sin x
cos x R ,
(sin x ) = cos x .
. f ( x )
[a, b] F (x ) , F (x )
, f ( x ) , , ,
F (a + 0) , f (a + 0) ,
F (b 0) , f (b 0) .
, f ( x ) (a, b ) F ( x ) ,
, F ( x ) + C , C
, . , F x

()

f ( x ) (a, b ) , F (x )

()

F ( x ) = F x + C , C . ,
. , ,
, .

,
. f x , a, b ,
, . -

( )

15

1.


.
.2 ( ). F x -

()
f ( x ) (a, b ) , :
1) F ( x ) (a, b ) ;
2) x (a, b ) , , ,
K , F ( x ) F ( x ) ,
f ( x ) . (a, b ) K
. (a, b ) , .. ( , b ) , (a,+ ) ( ,+ ) , K
, (a, b )
K .
, , , . ,
, F x .

()

1.

( 1,1) .

f (x ) = sgn x -

. ,

1, x (0,1),

f ( x ) = 0, x = 0,

1, x ( 1,0),

. ,
x 0,1 F x x + C1 , x 1,0 ,

( )

()

x + C 2 , C1 ,C 2
. , x = 0 .

lim ( x + C 2 ) =
= lim ( x + C1 ) =
x 0 + 0

x 00

F (0) , -

C 2 = C1 . , :
F (x ) = x + C1 , C1 R . ( 1,1)

x ( 1,0) U (0,1) sgn x .


x = 0 .
x
2. f ( x ) = e
.

x > 0 f ( x ) = e x F (x ) =
= e x + C1 , C1 R . x < 0 f ( x ) = e x , , x
F ( x ) = e + C 2 , C 2 R . x
x
x = 0 : lim ( e + C 2 ) = lim (e + C1 )
.

x 0 0

x 0 + 0

1 + C 2 = 1 + C1 C 2 = C1 + 2 .
, :

e x + C1 , x 0
.
F (x ) = x
e + C1 + 2, x < 0
, ,

e x + C1 (1 + C1 )
F ( x ) F (0 )
=1

= lim
x 0 + 0
x 0+ 0
x
x
e x + C1 + 2 (1 + C1 )
ex 1
F (0) = lim
= lim
= 1 , F (x )
( x )0 + 0 x
x 0 0
x
, x = 0 , .. F+ (0 ) = lim

.
.3 ( ).
f x a, b -

( )

f (x )

f (x )dx = F (x ) + C ,

..

16

F (x ) f (x ) (a, b ) , C

f (x ) ( ,
), f ( x )dx , x
, dx . (a, b ) (

f (x ) ). , 0dx = C , dx = x + C .

17

1.

3. max 1; x dx .
. :

x 1 x > 1.

1)

1 x 1 , max (1; x 2 )dx = dx = x + C .

2)

x > 1 , max (1; x 2 )dx = x 2 dx =


1 + C =

x3
+ C1 .
3

x = 1

1
2
+ C1 , C1 = C + .
3
3

x3
+ C 2 , 3
x = 1 3)

x < 1 ,

2
2
max 1; x dx = x dx =

..

18

(cos x sin x )dx, 0 x 4


=
=

(sin x cos x )dx,


< x

sin x + cos x + C , 0 x 4
=
sin x cos x + C , < x .
1

:
x =
4

sin + cos + C = sin cos + C1 ,


4
4
4
4

1
2
1 + C = + C 2 , C 2 = C .
3
3
,

x3 2
x < 1;
+ C,
3
3

2
max
(
1
;
x
)
dx
=
1 x 1;
x + C,

x3 2
+ + C,
x > 1,
3 3

2 + C = 2 + C1 , C 1 = C + 2 2 .
,

0 x
sin x + cos x + C ,
4
1 sin 2 x dx =

sin x cos x + C + 2 2 ,

< x .

(1)

1 sin 2 x dx = (sin x + cos x ) sgn(cos x sin x ) + C .

C .

, . ,

4.

0, , .
4 4

1 sin 2 x dx

1 sin 2 x dx =

(0 x ) .

(cos x sin x )2 dx = cos x sin x dx =

[0, ] (1) .

, , , , , , . , ,
, ,

dx
= ln x + C (x 0) .
x

19

1.

, , x = 0 (

,0 0,+ ).
,
( 2 x = 0 ).

, , , . , x = x 0 .
x x 0 , , x 0
, ( ), x 0 .
5.

(x

x2 1
2

+ x +1

dx .

. , , , x . x 0 :

d x +
x 2 1 2
x

x dx =
dx =
=
2
2

2
x + x +1
1
1

x 2 x + + 1
x + + 1
x
x

x2 1

du

(u + 1)2

x=0

x
1
=
+C = 2
+C .
u +1
x + x +1

x
+ C , x + x +1
x = 0 , -

.
:

x
+ C , xR.
x + x +1
2

6.
.

x 0 :

x2 +1
x 4 + 3x 2 + 1 dx .

..

20

1
1

x/ 2 1 + 2
d x
x +1
x
x
dx =
dx =
x 4 + 3x 2 + 1 dx = 2 2
2
1
1

x/ x + 3 + 2
x +5
x

2
1
x 1
u
1
du
arctg
+C .
arctg
+C =
= 2
=
u +5
5
x 5
5
5
2

, , , , , x . -

) (

,0 0,+ . ,

. .

lim (

x 0

1
5

arctg

x2 1
x 5

)= m

2 5

1
x2
arctg

x
5
2
x +1
2
dx = 1 arctg x
4
2

x + 3x + 1
x
5

+ C,

2 5

1
5
1
5

+C +
+ C,

, x > 0;

x < 0;
x = 0.

. -

xa
),
x+a
x > a x < a .

x 2 a 2 (

,
,
, .. x > a ( x < a ). .
( ) .

21

1.
7.
.

x2 1 =

dx

x2 1
1
t = ,
x

dt
dx = 2 ,
t

1
1 t2
1
, , t = t sgn t ,
=
t
t2

dt
dt
t2
x x 2 1 = 1 1 t 2 = sgn t 1 t 2 =

t
t

dx

dt
1 t


,
. ,
(.., ,
), ,
. , .
,
. . , ,
,

P( x )
.
Q( x )

, ,

ax 2 + bx + c x x
ax + b
, . cx + d

, ,
.
, a, b f x -

[ ]

( )

a, b ,
:

F (x ) =

f (t )dt (a < x < b) . a

, .

, .
, , , . . , ,

1
= arcsin t + C = arcsin + C .
x

1.3. ,

..

22

( e

x2

dx ,

( sin (x )dx, cos(x )dx ) ,


2

li ( x ) =

dx

ln x ,

sin x
dx
x

cos x

ci ( x ) =
dx ,
x

ex
dx .
ei( x ) =
x

ex
sin x
n dx , n dx ,
x
x
cos x
x n dx (n N ) . ,
si ( x ) =

R(x,

ax 3 + bx 2 + cx + dx , , -

. , , , .

1.

23

,
. , ( , , , - . ).

1.4.
(. [2])
1.
2.

( f (x )dx ) = f (x ) ; d ( f (x )dx ) = f (x )dx .

dF (x ) = F (x ) + C (C R ) ( -

).
3.

C f (x )dx = C f (x )dx , C R \ {0} (

- ).

( f (x ) g (x ))dx = f (x )dx g (x )dx


, f ( x ) g ( x )
4.

( ;


).
3 4 , :
. 5 ,
,
.

f (x )dx = F (x ) + C
, f (u )du = F (u ) + C .
5.

u = ( x ) -

6. , .
. : , . , C , ,
. ,
(-

..

24

, ). , . ,
, .

1.5.
, . , . ,
.
, , , . , . , .
:
1.

n
x dx =

2.

x n +1
+ C (n R, n 1; x R ) ;
n +1

dx
= ln x + C (n = 1, x 0) .
x

, ,
:

ax
+ C (a > 0, a 1; x R ) ;
3. a dx =
ln a
x

cos xdx = sin x + C (x R) ;


5. sin xdx = cos x + C ( x R ) ;
4.

dx

6.

cos

7.

sin

= tgx + C x + n, n Z ;
2
x

dx
2

= ctgx + C ( x n, n Z ) .

dx = e x + C .

(a = e)

25

1.

..

26

:
8.

dx

1+ x

arctgx + C
( x R ; =
arcctgx + C

;
, );
x
1
a arctg a + C
dx

x R ; a 9.
x2 + a2 = 1
x
arcctg + C
a
a
;

:
1.

2.

(1 + x 1 x )dx .

3.

1
dx
xa
10. 2
ln
+ C (x a ) .
=
2
2a x + a
x a
:

arcsin x + C
=
arccos x + C
1 x

12.

arcsin a + C
dx
=
a 2 x 2 arccos x + C

13.

11.

14.

15.

dx

dx
x a
2

( x < 1) ;
4.

( x < a) ;

:
:

1,

2 x ,

chxdx = shx + C (x R) ;

dx
18.
= thx + C ( x R ) ;
ch 2 x

17.

shxdx = chx + C (x R) ;

5.

6.

(1)

(, [12]).

1 < x < +.

1 2 x 2 + x 4 dx .

[x ]

dx .

x3
+ C , x 1
3
xx 1
+ sgn x + C ,
2
6

7.

min (5 x

,1, x 2 )dx .

x > 1.

x3
4
x + C , < x < 1,
3
3
:
x3
+ C , 1 x < 1,
x
3

x3
4
x + + C , 1 x < +.
3
3

x 2n + C , 2n 1 x 2n + 1 , n Z .
5 x x3 + 6,
x < 2

2
2 x < 1
x + 3 ,
3

: x ,
1 x 1
3
x 2 ,
1< x 2
3

3
5 x x 6,
x > 2.
3

dx
19. 2 = cthx + C ( x 0) .
sh x

() , , -

< x < 0,

< x < 0,
x + C,
2
: x
+ x + C , 0 x 1,
2
x 2 + 0,5 + C , 1 < x < +.
1 x 2 , x 1,
f ( x )dx , f (x ) =
1 x , x > 1.

x
a
x
a2 x2 +
arcsin + C ( x a ) ;
a
2
2
2
x
a
a 2 + x 2 dx =
a2 + x2 +
ln x + a 2 + x 2 + C .
2
2
a 2 x 2 dx =

+C .

1
((1 + x )1 + x + (1 x )1 x ) + C .
2

x
:

xx

f ( x )dx , f (x ) = x + 1, 0 x 1,

= ln x + x 2 a 2 + C x 2 a 2 > 0 ;

:
16.

x dx .

..

28

2.

();
;
(
);
;
, ..
. , .

() .
:
, , ;
;
.
, -
. , ( ) ,
.
.

,
.
.

2.2.

, . .
1. . f x dx g t x t x dx , g t -

()

( ( )) ( )
()
T , t = t ( x ) X t ( x ) ,

2.1.

,
, , .
:
( )
;
;

; ,
;

x t :

f (x )dx = g (t (x )) t (x )dx = g (t )dt .

(1)

t ( x )
t ( x )dx = d (t ( x )) .

, ,
, ,

( )

2 xdx = d x 2 , cos xdx = d (sin x ) , sin xdx = d (cos x ) ,


dx
dx
dx
=d x ,
= d (ln x ) , 2
= d (arctgx ) ,
x
x +1
2 x
dx
1

= d (tgx ) , e 2 x dx = d e 2 x .
2
cos x
2

( )

29

2.

1
1

= d 1 + x 2 , 1 2 dx = d x + ...
x
x

1+ x2

xdx

,
g t

()

( )

f x .
,
f x dx

()
g (t ( x ))t ( x )dx = g (t )dt . t ( x ) dx dt . g (t )dt = G (t ) + C ,


x t = t x :

()
f (x )dx = G(t (x )) + C .

sin

x cos xdx ; )

dx

5x

dx .
2 3x
. ) d (sin x ) = cos xdx , , t = sin x , 2

; )

, , . , t . :
3
3
sin x cos xdx = sin xd (sin x ) =

sin 4 x
+C.
4


, :
)

dx
2 3x 2

1
3

dx
2

2
2

3 x

1 5x
1 5x
5x
) e dx = e d (5 x ) = e + C .
5
5

3
x + C ;
arcsin
2
3

2. .

f (x )

x = x(t ) , x(t ) T
x(t ) , x t :
(2)
f (x )dx = f (x(t )) x(t )dt .
X , ,

. .
1. )

..

30

sin 3 x cos xdx = sin 3 xd sin x = t 3 dt .


:

t4
+C.
4
x , sin x t :
sin 4 x
3
=
+C .
sin
x
cos
xdx

4
3
t dt =

,
.

, .
, ,
.
, . ,
. , . ,
.
2.

dx
x 2 1

. 1- ( t =
t =

1
,
x

1
). : x > 1 .
x

31

2.

dx =

dt
,
t2

, :

1
1 t2

1
=
,
t
t2

x2 1 =

x=

t = t sgn t , :

dt
dt
dx
dt
t2
=
=
x x 2 1 1 1 t 2 = sgn t 1 t 2 =
2
1
t

t
t

2- (

x = cht , t 0 .

t = x 1 ).
x 1 ,
2

dx
x2 1

xdx
2

x2 1

= arctg

(t

t/dt
dt
= arctgt + C =
= 2
t +1
+ 1 t/

x2 1 + C .

1
).
sin t
1
,
x =
sin t

3- ( x =

1
cos 2 t cos t
x 1 =
1 =
=
sin t
sin 2 t
sin 2 t
cos t
= sgn(sin t ) ctgt , dx = 2 dt :
sin t
cos t

dt
2
dx
t
sin
= sgn (sin t ) dt =
x x 2 1 = sgn(sin t ) 1
ctgt
sin t
1
1
sgn(sin t ) t + C = sgn x arcsin + C = arcsin + C .
x
x


t ,0 U 0, ,
2 2

x 2 1 = ch 2 t 1 = sh 2 t = sht , -

x = t + 1 , xdx = tdt

x = cht ).

, t =

1

, t 0, U , .
cos t
2 2

4- (

1
= arcsin t + C = arcsin + C .
x

..

32

dx
x 2 1

dx

x2 1

d (cht )
sht
=
dt =
cht sht
cht sgn (sht )sht

dt
cht dt
d ( sht )
= sgn (sht )
= sgn (sht )
=
2
cht
ch t
1 + sh 2 t
d ( sht )
= sgn (sht )
= sgn(sht ) arctg (sht ) + C = arctg sht + C =
1 + sh 2 t
= sgn (sht )

ch 2 t 1 + C = arctg x 2 1 + C .

= arctg

5- (1- ).

dx =

t = x 2 1 + x , x 2 1 = (t x )2 x =

t2 +1

2t

t 2 1
dt
2t 2

dx
x2 1

t2 1
dt
2t 2
= 2arctgt + C =
dt = 2 2
2
2
t +1
t +1 t 1

2t
2t

= 2arctg

x2 1 + x + C .

,

. ,
. ,
. ,
-

33

2.

;
.
.

u ( x ) v( x )
u ( x )v ( x ) ,
v( x )u ( x ) ,

u (x )v(x )dx = u (x )v(x ) v(x )u (x )dx


, ,

udv = uv vdu .

u , , dv ,
dx , v .
,
( ). , ,
, , . ,
, ,
, ,
n

e ax dx ,

sin axdx ,

cos axdx ,

ln m xdx

(n, a R, n 1, m N ) , sin (ln x )dx , cos(ln x )dx ,


ax
ax
ax
e cos bxdx , e sin bxdx (a, b R ) , P(x )e dx , P(x )sin axdx
P(x )cos axdx , P(x )ln xdx , P(x )arcsin xdx , P(x ) arccos xdx ,
P(x )arctgxdx , P(x )arcctgxdx ,

P(x )e

ax

dx , P( x )sin axdx , P ( x ) cos axdx

u P(x ) , dv e ax dx ,
sin axdx , cos axdx ;
P(x )ln xdx , P(x )arcsin xdx , P(x ) arccos xdx ,

2.3.

..

34

P(x ) x

= a n x n + a n 1 x n 1 + ... + a1 x + a 0 (ai R, a n 0) ,

P(x )arctgxdx , P(x )arcctgxdx

u ln x , arcsin x , arccos x ,
arctgx , arcctgx , dv P(x )dx .


, . -
,
, ,
( ).

.
u x v x -

( )

( )

(n + 1) - :

u , v , u , v ,..., u (n +1) , v (n +1) .


uv

( n +1)

dx = uv (n ) u v (n 1) + u v (n 2 ) ... +
+ ( 1) u
n

(n )

v + ( 1)

n +1

( n +1)

vdx .

, n - ( n +1)

. u

.
,
n , , n .
,

In =

(x

dx

+ a2 )

(n N )

35

2.

In =

1 2n 3
I n 1 .
a 2 2n 2

2a 2 (n 1)(x 2 + a )
1
x
I 1 = arctg , a
a
I n (. .3.6). .
1.

2 n 1

ln x , dx
1 4
3
, v = x ,
u = ln x , dv = x dx . du =
x
4
,

1
1
1 4
1
x ln x x 3 dx = x 4 ln x x 4 + C (x > 0) .
4
16
4
4
2
2. x sin xdx .
3

ln xdx =

x d ( cos x ) = x cos x ( cos x )d (x ) =


cos x + 2 x cos xdx = x cos x + 2(x sin x sin xdx ) =

= x2

= x 2 cos x + 2( x sin x + cos x ) + C .


.
3.

ax
e sin bxdx (a 0) .

ax

sin bxdx ,

ax

cos bxdx

.
. u = sin bx ,

dv = e ax dx .

du = b cos bxdx ,

v=

1 ax
e
a

1 ax
b
e sin bx e ax cos bxdx .
a
a
, u = cos bx ,
1
dv = e ax dx . du = b sin bxdx , v = e ax :
a
1 ax
b 1 ax
b ax

ax
e sin bxdx = a e sin bx a a e cos bx + a e sin bxdx =

ax

sin bxdx =

2
b
1
b
= e ax sin bx cos bx 2 e ax sin bxdx . a
a
a
I . I :
2
b
1
b
I = e ax sin bx cos bx 2 I ,
a
a
a

3
x ln xdx .

..

36

a2 + b2
b
1

I = e ax sin bx cos bx ,
2
a
a
a

1
I= 2
..
e ax (a sin bx b cos bx ) .
a + b2
1
ax
, e sin bxdx = 2
e ax (a sin bx b cos bx ) + C .
2
a +b
4. arcsin xdx .
.

du =

1
1 x2
x

u = arcsin x ,

( x 1) ,

dx , v = x . , arcsin xdx = x arcsin x


1
1 x

dx = x arcsin x +

1 1 x2
= x arcsin x +
2
1/ 2
5.

dv = dx

1
2

1
1 x2
2

) d (1 x ) =

1
2

+ C = x arcsin x + 1 x 2 + C .

arccos xdx .

u = arccos x , x 2 dx = dv .

x3 x3
1 x 3 dx
2
x
arccos
xdx
.

=
arccos
xd
=
arccos
x
+

3 3
3 1 x2

,

xdx

( x 1) :
1 x2
x3
x2
x3
1
arccos x
1 x2 +
arccos x x 2 d 1 x 2 =
3
3
3
3

u = x ,
2

dv =

37

2.

3
x3
x2
2
1
2
2
arccos
x

1 x2 + C .
1 x2
1

=
x
d
x

3
9
3
3
arctgx
6.
dx .
x3
dx
1
,
. u = arctgx ,
= dv . u = 2
3
x
x +1
arctgx
1
1
1
v= 2
dx = arctgxd 2 =arctgx 2
3
2x
x
2x
2x
dx
1
1
1 dx
2 2
= 2 arctgx + 2 2
=
2 x x +1
2x
2x x + 1

( )

1 1+ x2 x2
1
1
dx = 2 arctgx +
= 2 arctgx + 2 2
2 x x +1
2x
2x
dx
1
1 dx
1 1
+ ( 2 2 ) = 2 arctgx + ( arctgx ) + C =
2 x
2 x
x +1
2x
1
1
1
+C.
= arctgx 2 + 1
2
2x
x
7.

u = a 2 x 2 , dv = dx , du =

a x

= x a2 x2

x 2 dx
a x
2

= x a2 x2

a2 x2 a2
2

8.

a 2 x 2 dx =

. u =

u = arcsin t , du =
2

dt

1
x

(0 < t 1) ,

1 t

1
2dt
dx = 3 .
2
t
t

arcsin t
dt . ,
t3
3

x=

, dv = t dt , v =

1
,
2t 2

dt
arcsin t
1 arcsin t

=
dt = arcsin td 2 =
2
3
2
t
t
t
t 1 t2
arcsin t 1 d t 2 arcsin t
=
+
+
=
t2
t2
2 1
t2

,
10.

arcsin

3 x +1

1
x

dx = x arcsin

1
x

1
1 + C .
t2

+ x 1 + C .

dx .

. t = 3 x + 1 , x = 1 t , dx = 3t dt
3

x + k , dv = dx . I = x + k dx =
2

()

x 2 + k dx (k 0) .

dx =

(, , , .) x , ,
.

dx =

a
x
x
arcsin + C .
a2 x2 +
a
2
2

x2 + k

x 2 + k dx = x x 2 + k + k ln x + x 2 + k + C .

, :

x2 + k

x2 + k k

, I :

a x
x
a 2 x 2 dx + a 2 arcsin .
a
2

= x x2 + k

= x x 2 + k + k ln x + x 2 + k + I .

v = x . , a 2 x 2 dx =
= x a2 x2

x 2 dx

. t =

xdx
2

= x x2 + k

9. arcsin 1 dx .

a 2 x 2 dx (a > 0) .

..

38

x +1

dx = 3 e t t 2 dt . ,

39

2.

3 e t t 2 2 te t dt = 3 e t t 2 2te t + 2e t + C = 3t 2 e t + 6te t

3.

6e t + C , t = 3 x + 1 .

cos(ln x )dx .

11.

e cos tdt . :
I = e d (sin t ) = e sin t e sin tdt = e sin t + e d (cos t ) =
sin t + (e cos t e cos tdt ) = e (sin t + cos t ) I . t

= et

t = ln x , x = e t , dx = e t dt t

C , :

x
1
I = e t (sin t + cos t ) + C = (sin (ln x ) + cos(ln x )) + C .
2
2

, . , u = cos ln x , dv = dx ,

I = cos(ln x )dx = x cos(ln x ) x/ sin (ln x ) dx =


x/

= x cos(ln x ) + sin (ln x )dx .


:

1
I = x cos(ln x ) + ( x sin (ln x ) x/ cos(ln x ) dx =
x/
= x (cos(ln x ) + sin (ln x )) I ,
x
I = (sin (ln x ) + cos(ln x )) + C .
2
xdx
dx
. . u = x , dv =
12.
2
sin x
sin 2 x
,

xdx

sin

= xctgx + ctgxdx = xctgx +

cos xdx
= xctgx +
sin x

d (sin x )
= xctgx + ln sin x + C ( x n, n Z ) .
sin x


.
. ,
.

3.1.

ax + b
cx + d dx (ac 0;

cx + d 0

- :

a
ad
(
cx + d ) + b
ax + b
c
c dx = a x + b ad dx =

cx + d dx =
cx + d
c
c cx + d

a
bc ad
dx
d
a
bc ad
= x+
= x+
ln x + + C .
2

2
d c
c
c
c
c
x+
c
2x + 1
.
dx .
3x 2
7
2
(
)
x

+
3
2
2x + 1
3 dx = 2 dx + 7 d (3x 2) =
.
dx = 3
3x 2
3x 2
3
9 3x 2
2
2
7

= x + ln 3 x 2 + C x .
3
3
9

3.

3.2.

ax

41

dx
(a 0)
+ bx + c

dt
tA
1
t
dt
1
t 2 + A 2 = A arctg A + C t 2 A 2 = 2 A ln t + A + C .
dx
.
1. 2
x + 4 x + 13
dx
x+2
1
dx
. 2
=
= arctg
+C.
2
3
x + 4 x + 13
(x + 2) + 9 3
dx
.
2. 2
x 6 x 16
dx
dx
1 ( x 3) 5
. 2
=
= ln
+C =
2
x 6 x 16
(x 3) 25 10 (x 3) + 5
1
x 8
= ln
+C .
10 x + 2

dx
(a b)
3.3.
(x + a )(x + b )
, .3.2, : a b = x + a x + b ,

) (
dx

(x + a ) (x + b ) dx =

(x + a )(x + b ) = a b (x + a )(x + b)

1
x+b
1 dx
dx

ln
+C .

=
ab x+b
x+a a b x+a
dx
(a 0) .
1. 2
x a2
dx
(x + a ) (x a )dx =
dx
1
=
. 2
=

2
(x + a )(x a ) 2a (x + a )(x a )
x a
xa
1 dx
dx 1
=
ln
+ C (x a ) .

=
2a x a
x + a 2a x + a

..

42
2.

dx
.
+x2

(x + 2) (x 1) = 1 1
1
1
1
=
=

,
3( x 1)( x + 2) 3 x 1 x + 2
x + x 2 (x 1)( x + 2)
2

1 dx
dx 1
dx
1
=

= ln x 1 ln x + 2 + C =
x + 2 3
3
+ x 2 3 x 1
1 x 1
= ln
+ C ( x 2;1) .
3 x+2

3.4.

dx

(x + a ) (x + b )
m

( a b; m, n N )

, .., t =
dt =

ba

( x + b )2

x+a
. x+b

dx ,

x + a 1 t
1
1
1 (x + b ) (x + a )
.
1
=

=
=
ba
x+b ba
x+b ba
x+b
,

ba
1
1

dx =
m
2
(x + a ) (x + b ) b a x + a
n+ m2 (x + b )

(x + b )
x+b
n+ m 2
(
1
1 t)
=
dt .

tm
(b a )n+ m1
dx

dx

(x + a ) (x + b )
m

1
(b a )n + m1

(1 t )n + m2 dt .
tm

m = n = 2

(1)

43

3.

(x + a ) (x + b )
1
.
ab

(x + a ) (x + b )
=

=
2
2
(x + a ) (x + b ) (a b )(x + a )(x + b )
1
2 1
1
1
1

+
2
2
(a b ) (x + b ) (a b ) x + b x + a (x + a )2

3.5.

dx

(x + a ) (x + b )
2

(a b )

a + b + 2x

(a b ) (x + a )(x + b )

1.

2
1
1
2

ln x + 2 + C (x 2;3) .
ln x 3 +
125
25( x 3) 25( x + 2) 125

+C =

..

44

dx

(x 2) (x + 3)
2

. t =

1
2
1
x+b
+
ln

x+b ab x+a x+a


+

2
x+a
ln
+ C ( x a, x b ) .
3
(a b) x + b

x2
, (1) , a = 2 ,
x+3

b = 3 , m = 2 , n = 3 , :
3
1 (1 t )
dx
1 1 3

(x 2)2 (x + 3)3 = 625 t 2 dt = 625 t 2 t + 3 t dt =


t2
1 1
x2
3 ln t + 3t + C , t =
(x 2, x 3) .
=
625 t
2
x+3
dx
.
2.
(x + 2)2 (x 3)2
2

1 1
1
.

=
dx =
2
2
( x + 2 ) ( x 3)
5 x 3 x + 2
dx
2
1
dx
1
dx
=
=
+

2
2

25 ( x 3)( x + 2 )
25 ( x 3)
25 ( x + 2 )
1
1
2 1
1
=

dx =

25( x 3) 25( x + 2 ) 125 x 3 x + 2


dx

ax

Ax + B
dx (a 0)
+ bx + c

,
:

ax

Ax + B
dx =
+ bx + c

A
(2ax + b ) + B Ab
A d ax 2 + bx + c
2a
2a

+
dx
=
=
2a ax 2 + bx + c
ax 2 + bx + c
A d ax 2 + bx + c
Ab
dx
Ab

+ B
+B
=
2
I ,
2

2a
2a ax + bx + c 2a ax + bx + c

dx
,
I =
2
ax + bx + c

.3.2.
1.

x+2
dx .
+2 x + 5

+ 2 x + 5) = 2(x + 1) , :
x+2
(x + 1) + 1
x+2
x 2 +2 x + 5dx = (x + 1)2 +4dx = (x + 1)2 +4dx =

(x

1 d x 2 + 2x + 5
x +1
dx
dx
+
=
(x + 1)2 + 4 2 x 2 + 2 x + 5 +
(x + 1)2 +4
d ( x + 1)
1
1
x +1
+
= ln x 2 + 2 x + 5 + arctg
+C.
2
2
2
2
(x + 1) + 2 2
x+2
2. 2
dx .
x +2 x 3
=

x+2
dx =
+2 x 3

( x + 1) + 1
dx =
2
4

(x + 1)

x +1
dx +
2
4

(x + 1)

dx

(x + 1)

45

3.

1 d x 2 + 2x 3
+
2 x 2 + 2x 3

x +1
1
1
d ( x + 1)
+C
= ln x 2 + 2 x 3 + l
2
x+3
4
4 2

I2 =

(x + 1)

3.6.

(x

..

46

2a a + z
2

2 n 1

n = 3 (1) ,
z
3
z
3z
+ 2 I2 =
I3 =
+ 4 2
+
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
2
4a
4a (a + z )
4a (a + z ) 8a (a + z )

b
b2

2
x + bx + c = x + + c
2
4

b

z = x +
2
dz
In =
.
n
a2 + z2
z = a tgu
, n
. , I n
I n 1

(a

z 2 dz
2

+ z2

In =

(a

dz
2

+z

2 n

1
a2

(a + z ) z
(a + z )
2

2 n

dz =

1
I n 1
a2

1
1
1
1
1
zdz
=
= 2 I n 1 2 zd
z

n
n

1
2
2
2
2
2

(
)
a
a
(a + z ) a
2 1 n (a + z )
1
1
z
dz
= 2 I n 1 +

=
n 1
2
2
2
2
2
2(n 1)a (a + z 2 )n 1
a
2a (n 1)(a + z )

2n 3
I n 1 .
2a 2 (n 1)

(1)
2a (n 1)(a + z )
1
z
I 1 = arctg + C , (1) n = 2 a
a
=

2 n 1

z
3
arctg + C
5
a
8a

(3)

..
I n
1.

(2)

dx

+ bx + c )
2
(n N , n 2; b 4c < 0)

1
1
z
z
I = 2 2
+ 3 arctg + C .
2 1
2
a
2a
2a (a + z ) 2a

(a
(a

dx

+ x2 )

dx

+x )
xdx

2 2

n.

1
a2

(a + x ) x
(a + x )
2

2 m

dx =

1
a2

dx

+ x2

1
1
x
1
1
= 3 arctg + 2 xd 2
x
=
2
2
2
a 2a
a
x +a
(a 2 + x 2 ) a
x
1
x
1
1
dx 1
= 3 arctg + 2 x 2
2
= 3 arctg +
2
2
a 2a x + a
a
a
x +a a
1
1
1
1
x
x
+ 2 x 2
arctg + C =
arctg +
2
3
a
a
a
2a
2a x + a
x
+ 2 2
+C .
2a (x + a 2 )
(2 ) . , x = atgt ,

a2
adt

2
2
,
,
x
+
a
=
t , . dx =
cos 2 t
cos 2 t
2 2
dx
1
1 (1 + cos 2t )
2
x 2 + a 2 2 = a 3 cos tdt = a 3 2 dt =

1
(t + sin t cos t ) + C . :
2a 3

47

3.

x
t = arctg , sin t = sin arctg x =
a
a

cos t = cos arctg =


a

x
a
x
1+
a

1
2

x
x2 + a2

x + a2
2

x
1+
a
1
1
x
x

arctg + 2 2
+C.
3
a 2a x + a 2
2a
dx
2.

(1 + x )

2 3

dx

(1 + x )

2 3

4(1 + x

2 2

(3) a = 1 :

3x
3
+ arctgx + C .
2
8(1 + x ) 8

(x

Ax + B

dx
n
+ bx + c )
(n N , n 2; b 2 4c < 0)
Ax + B

dx ( 2
(x + bx + c )n
3.7.

(x

+ bx + c )

dx =

A
(2 x + b ) + B Ab
2
2 dx =
n
2
x + bx + c

A d (x + bx + c )
Ab
dx
= 2
+ B
=
2
n
2 ( x + bx + c)
2 (x + bx + c )n

A 1
Ab
1

+B
Jn ,
n 1
2
2 1 n (x + bx + c )
2

Jn =

+ bx + c )
J n .3.6.
3x + 1
.
dx .
(x 2 + x + 1)2

(x

dx

(x

3x + 1

+ x +1

dx =

3
(2 x + 1) 1
2
2
2 dx = 3 d x + x + 1 dx
2 x2 + x +1 2
(x 2 + x + 1)2

d x +
2

3
1
1
dx
=

=
2
2
2

2
2 (x 2 + x + 1)
2 x + x +1 2

x + 1 + 3

2
4

2x + 1
1
2x + 1
3

arctg
=
+C .

3
2
1 2
2(x + x + 1)
3
3
6 + ( x + )
3 2
2 4
4
4

)

, ..

Ax + B

..

48

3.8.
, ( .3.9),
,
,
,
. ,
, .
1.
.

x(1 2 x )

37

dx .
1

2 (1 2 x ) + 2 (1 2 x )
+

37

dx =

1
(1 2 x )38 dx +

1
(1 2 x )37 dx = 1 (1 2 x )38 d (1 2 x )

2
4

49

3.

1
(1 2 x )37 d (1 2 x ) = 1 (1 2 x )39 1 (1 2 x )38 + C .

4
156
152

2.

x (1 5 x )

2 10

dx .

. t = 1 5 x ,
2

x2 =

1 t
, 2 xdx =
5

1
= dt :
5
t 12
t 11
1 10
1 t dt 1 11
=

+C =
t

=
t
dt

t
dt

5 10 50
600 550
50
=

(1 5x )

2 12

600

(1 5x )

2 11

550

..

50

1
1
2 1
1

dx =

25( x 3) 25( x + 2 ) 125 x 3 x + 2


1
1
2
2
=

ln x 3 +
ln x + 2 + C (x 2;3) .
125
25(x 3) 25( x + 2 ) 125
xdx
.
5. 4
x + 2x 2 + 5
4
2
. , x + 2 x + 5 =
2
dt
= x 2 + 1 + 4 . t = x 2 + 1 , xdx = . 2
=

1
x2 +1
1
dt
1
t
xdx
arctg
+C.
=
=
arctg
+
C
=
x 4 + 2x 2 + 5 2 t 2 + 4 4
4
2
2

+C .

3.

x dx

(x + 2)

100

6.

. t = x + 2 ,
, , ,
:

(t 2)2 dt

t 2 4t + 4
98
99
100
=
t 100 dt = (t 4t + 4t )dt =
t 100
t 97
t 98
t 99
1
2
=
+ 4
4
+C =
+

97
98
97
98
99
97( x + 2 )
49( x + 2 )
4

+ C (x 2) .
99
99( x + 2 )
4.

dx
.
1

1 1
1
.

=
dx =
2
2
( x + 2 ) ( x 3)
5 x 3 x + 2
2
dx
1
dx
1
dx
=
=
+

2
2

25 ( x 3)( x + 2 )
25 ( x 3)
25 ( x + 2 )

) (
( )(

)
)

1
1
x2 +1 x2 1
1
,

=
=
2
2
4
2
2
2 x 1 2 x +1
x 1 2 x 1 x + 1

) (

1 x 1 1
dx
= ln
arctgx + C ( x 1) .
1 4 x + 1 2
dx
.
7.
6
3
x ( x 1)
x 1
dx
. t =
,
. I =
6
x

x
1

x9

(1 t )7 dt =

dx
(x + 2)2 (x 3)2 .
dx

1 7t + 21t 2 35t 3 + 35t 4 21t 5 + 7t 6 t 7


dt =
t6

t6
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
dt
= 6 7 5 + 21 4 35 3 + + 35 2 21 +7 dt
t
t
t
t
t
t
t2
1
7
7 35 35
tdt = 5 + 4 3 + 2
21 ln t + 7t + C ,
2
t
5t
4t
t
2t
t =

x 1 (
x 0;1) .
x

51

3.
8.

dx

x(1 x )

3 2

11.

dx

x(1 x )

3 2

x 2 dx

3 2

1
dx 3
=
3 x3 1 x3

1
du
=
=
3 u (1 u )2

x 1 x
1
du
1 1
1
1 1 1
1
+ +
=
du =
+
du =
2
3 (1 u )
3 u 1 u
3 1 u u 1 u
3
1 1
1
u
=
+ ln
+ C = 1 31 + 1 ln x 3 + C ( x 0;1) .
3 1 u 3 1 u
3 x 1 3 1 x
dx
.
9. 3 2
x (x 2 )
.

dx 2
du
1
1
dx
=
x 3 (x 2 2) 2 x 4 x 2 2 = 2 u 2 (u 2) =
1 du 1
du
1 u 2u
=
= 2
du = 2 +
4 u
4 u (u 2 )
4 u (u 2 )

1 1 u2
1
1 x2 2
+ ln
+ C = 2 + ln
+ C ( x 0; 2 ) .
u
4u 8
8
x2
4x

10.

..

52

(x

12.

x/ 2 1 + 2
x +1
x dx . 1 + 1 dx =
dx =
. 4

1
x +1
x2

2 2
x/ x + 2
x

1
1
1
1

= d x x2 + 2 = x2 2 + 2 + 2 = x + 2 ,
x
x
x
x

d x
1
x2 1
x

arctg
+C.

=
2
2
x 2
1

x + 2
x

+ x +1

dx .

x2 +1
x 4 + 3x 2 + 1 dx .

. . 6 .1.2.

x4 +1
x 6 1 dx .
x4 +1
x 4 + 1 2x 2
x2
. 6
dx =
dx + 2 6
dx =
x 1
x6 1
x 1

13.

d x +
x2 1
2 dx 3
1 x3 1
x

+
=
= 4
dx
+
+
ln
2
6

2
3 x 1
x + x +1
3 x3 + 1
1
x + 1
x

1
+ C = ln
2

1
1 1 x2 1
1 x2 x +1
x
ln
+
C
=
ln
+
+
3 x2 +1
2 x2 + x +1
1
x + +1
x
x+

1 x2 1
+ ln 2
+ C (x 1) .
3 x +1

. . 5 .1.2.

x +1
dx .
4
+1

x2 1

3.9.



, , . (1702
1703). ,
..

P( x )
, P( x ) Q( x ) Q( x )

x . , , .

53

3.
1. .

P( x )
P( x )
Q( x ) ( ,
),
Q( x )
P(x ) Q( x ) S (x ) ,
P( x )
R( x )
..
= S (x ) +
,
Q( x )
Q( x )
R(x ) Q( x ) . ,

- P( x ) Q( x )
S x R( x ) .
Q( x )

(x

P( x )
,
Q( x )
P( x ) Q( x ) . .
1) , ,
.
Q x . ,

( )

(x a )

()

( )

x + bx + c . , Q x
n - :
2

( x a )n

( a
n :

A3
An
A1
A2
+
+
+ ... +
,
2
3
x a (x a )
(x a )
( x a )n

n ).

m -

M 3x + N3

(x

+ bx + c

+ ... +

M i , N i , i = 1,2,..., m , .

(x

+ bx + c

(1)

Q( x ) , -

(2)

P( x )
Q( x )

M m x + Nm

(1) (2) :

A3
An
A1
A2
P( x )
+
+
+ ... +
+ ... +
=
2
3
Q( x ) x a ( x a )
(x a )
( x a )n
M 1 x + N1
M 2x + N2
+
2
x + bx + c
x 2 + bx + c

M 3 x + N3

(x

+ bx + c

+ ... +

M m x + Nm

(x

+ bx + c

(3)

2)
Ak , M i , N i , ( k = 1,2,..., n ; i = 1,2,..., m ;).

(3) (
Q( x ) , ). T ( x ) ,

x
P( x ) T ( x )
Ak , M i , N i ,.

Q( x ) Q( x )

(.. x ) , ,

Ak , k = 1,2,..., n , . -

M 1 x + N1
M 2x + N2
+
2
x + bx + c x 2 + bx + c

+ bx + c ) , x 2 + bx + c ,
, , m :

()

2. .

..

54

P( x )

T ( x ) . ,
, x .

, , ( )
.
( - ) , , .

3.

55

Ak , M i , N i , P( x )
(3) ,
Q( x )
3)


3 . .
, :

()

A
A
(n 2, n N ) ; ) 2Mx + N ;
; )
)
n
xa
x + bx + c
(x a )
Mx + N
(m 2, m N ) .
)
m
2
x + bx + c

A
)
dx = A ln x a + C ;
xa
A
A
1
)
dx =

+ C (n 2, n N ) ;
n
n 1 ( x a )n 1
(x a )
M
Mb
(
2x + b) + N
Mx + N
2 dx =
dx = 2
) 2
x + bx + c
x 2 + bx + c
M d x 2 + bx + c
Mb
dx
= 2
+ N
=

2
2
2
x + bx + c

b
b2
x + + c
2
4

b
x+
(
)

N
Mb
/
2
M
2 +C
arctg
=
ln x 2 + bx + c +
2
2
cb /4
c b2 / 4
b2
2
> 0 ).
( x + bx + c , c
4

(x

Mx + N
2

.3.7.

+ bx + c )

dx (m 2, m N )

..

56

.
1.

xdx

(x + 1)(x 2)

(x + 1)(x 2)2

(x + 1)(x 2)

A
B
C
.
+
+
x + 1 x 2 ( x 2 )2

(5)

(5) ,
2
A(x 2 ) + B ( x + 1)( x 2 ) + C ( x + 1)
.
(x + 1)(x 2)2

(x + 1)(x 2)2

x = A( x 2 ) + B ( x + 1)( x 2 ) + C ( x + 1) .
2

(6)

, x :

x = ( A + B )x 2 + (C B 4 A)x + (4 A 2 B + C ) .
x ,
A, B, C :
A + B = 0

C B 4 A = 1
4 A 2 B + C = 0,

1
1
A = , B = ,
9
9
2
C = . , (5)
3
, :

xdx

(x + 1)(x 2)
=

1 dx
1 dx
2
dx
+
+
=

9 x + 1 9 x 2 3 ( x 2 )2

1 x2 2 1
ln

+ C , x 1, x 2 .
9 x +1 3 x 2

57

3.

..

58

A + B = 0
B + C = 0

2 A C + D + B = 3
C B + E D = 1

A C E = 2.

P(x ) T ( x ) ,
, x (
Q x ). , , .

( )

. ,
6 , -

()

x = 2 , 2 = 3C , -

2
C = . x = 1 , , 1 = 9 A ,
3
1
A = . , (5) x = 0 ( Q( x ) ,
9
).

0 = 4 A 2 B + C , A =
B =

1
2
C=
9
3

4A + C 1
= .
2
9

.
2.

x = 1 , A = 1 . A = 1 ,
: B = 1, C = 1, D = 1, E = 0 . ,

3x 2 x + 2

(x

) (x 1)

+1

dx =

dx

x +1
xdx
dx +
=
2
+1
(x 2 + 1)2

x 1 x

1
1
1
= ln x 1 ln x 2 + 1 arctgx 2
+ C ( x 1) .
2
2 x +1
x 3 + 3x 2 + 5 x + 7
dx .
3.
x2 + 2
. :
_ x + 3x + 5 x + 7
3

x2 + 2

x+3

x3 + 2x
_ 3x + 3x + 7
2

3x 2 x + 2

(x

) (x 1)

+1

3x 2 + 6

dx .
3x 2 x + 2

(x

) (x 1)

+1

3x + 1 .
x + 3x + 5 x + 7
3x + 1
= x +3+ 2
,
. 2
x +2
x +2
3

, :

3x 2 x + 2

A
Bx + C Dx + E
=
+ 2
+
.
2
2
x 2 + 1 ( x 1) x 1 x + 1 (x 2 + 1)

A, B, C , D, E ,

3x 2 x + 2 = A(x 2 + 1) + (Bx + C )(x 1)(x 2 + 1) + (Dx + E )( x 1) .


2

x , -

x 3 + 3x 2 + 5 x + 7
x2
(
3 x + 1)
dx = ( x + 3)dx + 2
+ 3x +
dx =

2
x2 + 2
x +2
x2
dx
3 2 xdx
+ 3x + 3 ln (x 2 + 2 ) + 1 arctg x + C .
+ 2
+ 2
=
2
2 x +2
x +2
2
2
2
dx
.
4. 4
x +1
. :

x 4 + 1 = ( x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1) 2 x 2 = (x 2 + 1)
2

( 2x)

59

3.

)(

= x2 + x 2 +1 x2 x 2 +1 ,

1 x2
. , 2(x 4 x 2 + 1)
1
1
3
, arctgx + C1 arctg (x ) + C 2 .
2
6
+

Ax + B
Cx + D
1
= 2
+ 2
.
x +1 x + x 2 +1 x x 2 +1
4

..

60

A=

1
2 2

1
1
1
, D = . B= ,C=
2
2
2 2

. , ,

x 4 x 2 + 1 = (x 4 + 2 x 2 + 1)

2 x +x

x+
1
=

2 2 x2 + x

x
1

2 2 x2 x

ln

x2 + x 2 +1

x x 2 +1
dx
.
5. 6
x +1
4 2

1
2

x 2

(arctg (x
2

(x

x2 1

+ = ( Ax + B ) x 2 3 x + 1 + (Cx + D ) x 2 + 3 x + 1 ,
2 2

0 = A+C,
1
x 2 : = 3 A + B + 3C + D ,
2
1
x : 0 = A 3B + C + 3D ,
1
x0 :
= B+ D.
2
1
1
, A = C =
, B=D= .
4
2 3
x3 :

))

)(

+ 3x + 1 x 2 3x + 1 ,

2 + 1 + arctg x 2 1 +C.

(x 4 + 1) + (x 4 1) = (x 4 + 1) (x 4 1) =
1
=
x6 +1
2(x 6 + 1)
2(x 6 + 1) 2(x 6 + 1)

Ax + B
Cx + D
1 x2
= 2
+ 2
.
4
2
2(x x + 1) x + 3 x + 1 x 3 x + 1

dx =
2 + 1 2 2 x x 2 + 1

1
dx
2

dx +
2
4
2 +1
2
1
x +
+

2
2

1
dx
2
=
dx
2
4
2 +1
2
1
x
+

2
2

x+ 2
2

( 3x ) = (x

x 2 +1) + x 2 (1 x 2 )(1 + x 2 )
x2
1
+
=
+
+
2(x 6 + 1)
2(x 6 + 1)
2(x 2 + 1) 2(x 6 + 1)

3
3
x
1 x
1
1
2
2
.
=

4
2
2
2
2 x x + 1 2 3 x + 3x + 1 2 3 x 3x + 1
x+

, :

1
x 2 + 3x + 1
1
1
dx
3
(
)
ln
+C.
arctg
x
=
arctgx
+
+
x6 + 1 2
6
4 3 x 2 3x + 1

3.

61

..

62

P (x )
P ( x ) P1 ( x )
+ 2
,
=
Q( x ) Q1 ( x ) Q2 ( x )

3.10. . .
, -

P( x )

, .
Q( x )

, , 1 . .

()

.
(18011861) ,
, . , , .

( )

Q x ,
, , (
, , , ).
Q x .

( )

Q2 (x ) , Q( x )
Q2 ( x ) , 1.
Q2 ( x ) , Q( x ) ,
. Q1 ( x ) , Q1 ( x ) Q2 ( x ) = Q( x ) .
Q( x ) , n (n N ) , , 1, Q2 ( x ) ,
(n 1) Q1 ( x ) . ,
( 1) Q( x ) Q2 ( x )
Q1 ( x ) . ,
P1 ( x ) P2 (x ) , -

, Q1 x Q2 x .

()

()

P(x )

P1 ( x )

P2 ( x )

Q(x ) dx = Q (x ) + Q (x ) dx .
1

(1)

,
x

(2)

1.

xdx

(x 1) (x + 1)
2

. ,

Q ( x ) = ( x 1) ( x + 1) . ,
2

Q1 ( x ) =

Q2 (x ) = ( x 1)( x + 1)

Q(x )
2
= ( x 1)( x + 1) . Q1 ( x )
Q2 ( x )

P1 ( x ) , :
P1 ( x ) = ax + bx + c . , Q2 ( x ) 2,
P2 (x ) P2 (x ) = x + e . ,
a , b , c , , e . 3,
2

xdx

(x 1) (x + 1)
2

ax 2 + bx + c

(x 1)(x + 1)

x + e

(x 1)(x + 1)

dx .

x ,

ax 2 + bx + c
x + e
x
+
=
=
2
3
2
(x 1) (x + 1) (x 1)(x + 1) (x 1)(x + 1)

2
2
(
2ax + b )( x 1)( x + 1) (ax 2 + bx + c )(( x + 1) + 2( x 1)( x + 1))
+
=
(x 1)2 (x + 1)4
x + e
+
. ( x + 1)
(x 1)(x + 1)

, :

(x 1) (x + 1)3
(2ax + b )(x 1)(x + 1) (ax 2 + bx + c )(3x 1) + (x + e)(x 1)(x + 1)2 .
=
(x 1)2 (x + 1)3
2

3.

63

, x 1 . ,
, :

x (2ax + b )(x 2 1) (ax 2 + bx + c )(3x 1) + (x + e )(x 2 1)( x + 1) .

..

64

(x

+ (Ex + F )

x4 :
x3 :
x2 :
x1 :
x0 :

0=
0 = a + + e
0 = 2b + a + e
1 = 2a 3c + b e
0 = b + c e

x :
x3 :
x2 :
x1 :
x0 :

(x

1
1
1
1
a = , b = , c = , = 0, e = .
8
8
4
8
:

xdx

(x 1) (x + 1)
2

x2 + x + 2

8( x 1)( x + 1)

1
1
dx .

8 ( x 1)( x + 1)

1
1 (1 + x ) ( x 1)
(x 1)(x + 1) dx = 2 (x 1)(x + 1) dx =
1 1
1
1
=

dx = ln x 1 ln x + 1 + C .
2 x 1 x + 1
2

, :

xdx

(x 1) (x + 1)
2

2.

(x

dx

(x

dx
3

+ 1)

+ 1)

1
2
4
, D = E = , F = . ,
3
9
9
2
x2
2
x
=
+ ln x + 1 2
dx =
3
9 x x +1
3(x + 1) 9

x2 + x + 2

8( x 1)( x + 1)

1
x 1
ln
+ C (x 1) .
16 x + 1

. . ,

Ax 2 + Bx + C
dx
=
+ D
+
3
x +1
x +1

Ex + F
x 2 x + 1dx .

1 Ax 4 2 Bx 3 3Cx 2 + 2 Ax + B + D(x 5 x 4 + x 3 + x 2 x + 1)+

+ x 3 + x + 1) ,

0= D+E,
0 = A D + E + F ,
0 = 2 B + D + F ,
0 = 3C + D + E ,
0 = 2A D + E + F ,
1= B+ D+ F .

x :

a , b , c , , e ( x 1).
x :

dx
3

+ 1)

A=C =0, B =

(x + 1) + 2 arctg 2 x 1 + C (x 1) .
1
+ ln 2
3
3(x + 1) 9 x x + 1 3 3
3
dx
.
3. 4
3
x + 2 x + 3x 2 + 2 x + 1
2

. x + 2 x + 3 x + 2 x + 1 = x
, ,
4

+ x + 1) , 2

dx
Ax + B
Cx + D
= 2
+ 2
dx ,
2
+ 2 x + 3x + 2 x + 1 x + x + 1
x + x +1
3

, ,

1 A(x 2 + x + 1) ( Ax + B )(2 x + 1) + (x 2 + x + 1)(Cx + D ) .


0=C,
x3 :
2
0
= A + D + C ,
x :
1
x : 0 = D 2B + C ,
2
1
x 0 : 1 = A B + D , A = D = , B = , C = 0 .
3
3

dx
2x + 1
2
dx
=
+ 2
=
2
2
+ 2 x + 3 x + 2 x + 1 3( x + x + 1) 3 x + x + 1
4
2x + 1
2x + 1
arctg
+C .
=
+
2
3( x + x + 1) 3 3
3
3

65

3.

..

66

4
(1 x )11 + 2(1 x )10 25 (1 x )9 + C .
11
9
2
(x + 1) 2 x + 2 ln 1 + x + C (x 1) .
:
2
1
x
3
:
arctgx + C (x 0) .
2
x 2(1 + x ) 2

:
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

6.

1 2x
4 x 3dx .
2x + 3
3x + 2dx .
dx
3x 2 + 4 x + 1 .
dx
15 2 x x 2 .
dx
(x + 2)(x + 3) .

3
1
1

x ln 4 x 3 + C x .
4
2
8

2
5
2
2

: x + ln x + + C x .
3
9
3
3

1 3x + 1
1

: ln
+ C x ;1 .
2 3x + 3
3

1 x+5
: ln
+ C (x 5;3) .
8 x3
x+2
: ln
+ C ( x 3;2) .
x+3
:

(x + 3)dx
(x + 2)(x 1) .

2 xdx
x 2 + 3x 4 .
x +1
8.
dx .
2
5x + 2x + 1
5x + 3
9. 2
dx .
x + 10 x + 29
10.
11.
12.

(x 1)

(1 3x )

30

x 3 dx

(x 1)

100

1
2
5x + 1
ln (5 x 2 + 2 x + 1) + arctg
+C.
10
5
2
5
x+5
2
: ln (x + 10 x + 29 ) 11arctg
+C.
2
2
(x 1)11 + C .
:
11
1
:
(1 3x )29 + C x 1 .
3
87

13.

dx .

dx

ln 5 (x 1) (x + 4) + C ( x 4;1) .

7.

10

1 (x 1)
ln
+ C ( x 2;1) .
3
x+2
4

99( x 1)

99

2
8
(2 x + 3) (1 x ) dx .

98( x 1)

98

97( x 1)

97

96( x 1)

96

x2 +1
x + 1 dx .
dx
.
15. 2
x (1 + x 2 )2
14.

16.
17.

x2 +1
3

(x + 2) (x + 1) .

22.

(x 1) + 1 arctg 2 x + 1 + C (x 0;1) .
1 1
+ ln
x 6 x2 + x +1
3
3
:

1 x2 1 1
arctg x 2 + C ( x 1) .
ln 2
8 x +1 4

( )

x3 2x
(x 2 + 1)2 dx .

(x

+ 2 x + 2)
+ 2 x + 10

2x + 3

23.

(x

24.

(x

25.

(x

+ 2x + 5

dx

3x + 2

+ 2)
dx

+ 1)

2(x + 1)

x 2 dx

(x

4
+ C (x 2;1) .
x+2

+ C ( x 1) .

: ln x + 1 +

dx
x5 x2 .
xdx
.
19. 8
x 1

21.

1
3
5
x 1

+ ln
+ C ( x 3;1) .
2
(
)
8
x

1
32
x
+3
4( x 1)

x 2 dx

18.

20.

(x 1) (x + 3) dx

1
ln (x 2 + 1) + C .
2

1
+ arctg ( x + 1) + C .
x + 2x + 2
2

dx .

1
x +1
3
x +1
arctg
+C.

2
3
2 x + 2 x + 10 18 x + 2 x + 10 54

dx .
:

8 x +2
2

1
2 2

x +1
1
x7
arctg
+C.
+
2
8 x + 2 x + 5 16

3x
3 2
x
+
arctg
+C.
2
64
32 x + 2
2

4 x4 +1

(arctg (x

3 1
x2 + x 2 +1
(
ln 2
+
4 4 2 x x 2 +1

))

2 + 1 + arctg x 2 1 )+ C .

67

3.

x2 +1
1
1
2x 2 1 1
3
(x 2 + 1)2 + C
dx
.
:
+
+
arctgx
arctg
ln
x6 +1
3
12 x 4 x 2 + 1
2 3
3
1
x4 +1
3
27.
: arctgx + arctg (x ) + C .
x 6 + 1 dx .
3
1
7 2
1 x7
28.
: ln x ln (1 + x ) + C ( x 0;1) .
x(1 + x 7 )dx .
7
26.

29.

x2 + 2
x 3 + x 2 2 x dx .

: ln

x2 x + 2
dx .
4
5x 2 + 4

31.

x 2 + 2x + 6
(x 1)(x 2)(x 4) dx .

1 ( x + 1) ( x 2 )
+ C ( x 2;1;1;2) .
ln
3 ( x 1)( x + 2)2
: ln (x 1) ( x 4 ) + C ( x 1;2;4) .
7

4 x + 4 x 11
2

( x 2)

32.

(2 x 1)(2 x + 3)(2 x 5) dx .: 8 ln

33.

34.

x3 + 4x 2 + 6
(x + 1)2 x 2 + 2 dx .

(2 x 1)2 (2 x 5)3
2x + 3

3 1 5
2 2 2

+C x ; ;

x+4
dx .
+ 6 x 2 + 11x + 6
3
1
: ln x + 1 2 ln x + 2 + ln x + 3 + C ( x 3;2;1) .
2
2

:
35.

30.

(x 1)(x + 2 ) + C (x 2;0;1) .

2
x
1
3
1
arctg
+ C (x 1) .
ln x + 1
+ ln (x 2 + 2 )
3
x +1 3
3
2

3x + 1

x(1 + x )

2 2

dx .

: ln x

1
3x + 1
3
ln 1 + x 2 +
+ arctgx + C .
2
2
2
2 1+ x

) (

x5 + 1
x 4 8 x 2 + 16 dx .
31
129
x2
33
127
:
+
ln x + 2 + C , x 2

+
ln x 2 +
16(x + 2) 32
2 16( x 2 ) 32

36.

4.

4.

ax + b
, n N , n > 1 , a , b , c , d R ,
R x, n

+
cx
d

ad bc 0 , c 0 . c = 0 , a 0 , , a
b
R x, n Ax + B , A = , B = .
d
d
1. R x, n ax + b ,
a b ( a 0 , n N , n > 1 ),
t = n ax + b . n ,
n n 1
tn b
n
t = ax + b , x =
, dx = t dt . a
a
R x t , tn b
R
, t .

,
, ,
.. , . .
.

4.1. -

ax + b
dx
4.1.1. R x, n ax + b dx , R x, n

+
cx
d

R ( x, y ) , ..
n, m :
P ( x, y )
R ( x, y ) = n
. n Q m ( x, y )
x y
Pn ( x, y ) = a n 0 x n + a 0 n y n + a (n 1)1 x n 1 y + a1(n 1) xy n 1 + ...

... + a 20 x 2 + a11 xy + a02 y 2 + a10 x + a 01 y + a 00 =

0i + j n

ij

i, j = 0,1,2..., n , i + j n ,

a n 0 , a(n 1)1 , a(n 2 )2 ,... a 0 n , .


-

2.

R x , ax + b , m, n N , m > 1, n > 1 . m n

t = ax + b .
3. -
n

t =

dx =

(ad bc )nt n1 dt

(a ct )

n 2

ax + b
dt n b
ax + b
n
. t =
, x=
,
cx + d
cx + d
a ct n

dt n b (ad bc )nt n 1
ax + b
n

=
R
x
,
dx
R
cx + d a ct n , t (a ct n )2 dt .

1.

xi y j ,

69

x+9
dx .
x

ax + b = x + 9 , t = x + 9 , x = t 2 9 ,
dx = 2tdt :

x+9
t 2 dt
t 2 9 + 9dt
dx = 2 2
= 2
=
x
t 9
t2 9

..

70

= 2 dt + 18
+ 3 ln

2.

4.

dt
t 3
= 2t + 3 ln
+C = 2 x+9 +
t +3
t 9
2

x+9 3
x+9 +3

+ C , x 9, x 0 .

2 x
2x
; t = 3
,
2+ x
2+ x
2 1 t3
4t 3
12t 2
x =
, 2x =
, dx =
dt . 1+ t3
1+ t3
(1 + t 3 )2
3

pk
p1
p2

q
q
q
ax
b
ax
+
b
ax
+
b
+
1
2

R
x
,
,
,...,

dx =
cx + d cx + d
cx + d

n
n 1
t d b p1l 1 p 2l 2
p nt (ad bc )
,t
,t
,..., t kl k
dt .
= R n
2
ct n a
t ca

1.

dx

x 1+ 3 x

).

. ,
2

q1 l1 = n
q l = n
nt n 1 (ad bc )
t nd b
2 2
.

,
dx
dt =
=

2
t nc a
ct n a
...............
q k l k = n
:

2x
dx
.

2 + x (2 x )2

. -

71

2 x
dx
3 2+ x
3 dt
3

= 3 = 2 +C = 3
+C
2
2 + x (2 x )
8 2 x
4 t
8t

(x 2) .
4.1.2.
pk
p1
p2

ax + b q1 ax + b q2
ax + b qk
R x, cx + d , cx + d ,..., cx + d dx

, R p
, i ( pi Z , qi N ) , i = 1,2,..., k , qi

t=n

ax + b
, n = (q1 , q 2 ,..., q k ) .
cx + d

l1 , l 2 ,..., l k ,

a = d = 1, b = c = 0,

p1 1 p 2 1
= ,
= .
q1 2 q 2 3

6, t = 6 x ,
. -

x = t 6 , dx = 6t 5 dt , x = t 3 ,
t 2 dt
dx
6
=
1+ t2 =
x 1+ 3 x

= 6

2.

(t

x = t 2 ,

dt
+ 1) 1

= 6 dt
= 6(t arctgt ) + C =
2
1+ t2
1+ t

= 6 6 x arctg 6 x + C (x > 0 ) .

x + 3 x2 + 6 x

x 1+ 3 x

dx .

. ,
a = d = 1 , b = c = 0 ,

p1 2 p 2 1 p3 1
= ,
= ,
= . q1 3 q 2 6 q 3 3

6, , ,

..

72

t =
3

x = t . ,
2

= 6

x . x = t 6 , dx = 6t 5 dt ,

x + 3 x2 + 6 x

x 1+ 3 x

4.
3

x = t2,

dx =

t5 + t3 +1
t 3 (t 2 + 1) + 1
dt
dt
dt = 6 t 3 dt + 6
=

6
=
2
2

1+ t
1+ t
1+ t2

= 32 t 4 + 6arctg (t ) + C =

3
2

3 x 2 + 6 arctg

( x ) + C (x > 0) .
6

t 2 + Adt ( ); a < 0 c

.
1.

A 2 t 2 dt . u =
tdt

du =

A2 t 2


, ..

R(x,

, a 0 . ,

ax + bx + c dx ,

R , a, b, c -

.
4.2.1.

ax + bx + c dx
2

2.

A t dt
2

ax 2 + bx + c dx =

b
b2

= a x +
+ c dx .

2a
4a

b
, a > 0 , t = x +

2a

A 2 t 2 dt =

t 2 dt

A t
2

= t A2 t 2

dt = t A 2 t 2 A 2 t 2 dt + A 2 arcsin

t
.
A

A2
t
t
A2 t 2 +
arcsin + C ( t A) .
2
A
2

t 2 + Adt . u = t 2 + A , dv = dt .

t + Adt .

b
a ( x 2 + x) + c dx =
a

A2 t 2

I=

, ,

, v = t . ,

A t A
2

A 2 t 2 dt . -

A 2 t 2 , dv = dt ,

A t dt = t A t
2

b2
>0,
4a

, :

ax 2 + bx + c , ..

a( x x1 ) , . -

4.2.

73

t 2 + Adt = t t 2 + A
t + A A
2

t +A
2

t 2 + Adt =

t +A
2

= t t2 + A

dt = t t 2 + A + A ln t + t 2 + A + I .

t 2 dt

I:

t 2
A
t + A + ln t + t 2 + A + C t 2 + A 0 .
2
2

A 2 t 2 dt

t 2 + Adt -

.4.2.11-.4.2.13.
.
2

ax 2 + bx + c

b
b2

a x +
+ c
2a
4a

..

74

t=

x +
,
2
2a
c b / (4a )
a

R (t ,
1.
1

x + 8 x + 25dx =

(x

( x + 4 )2 + 9 d ( x + 4 ) =
+

(x + 4)

+ 9dx =

k 2 t 2 dt =

t
k2
t
k2 t2 +
arcsin + C .
2
k
2

(2 x + 7) x + x + 1dx .
. (( 2 x + 1) + 6 ) x + x + 1dx = (2 x + 1) x + x + 1dx +
+ 6 x + x + 1dx = x + x + 1d (x + x + 1) +
2

2 x + 8dx =
9 ( x 1) dx =

( Ax + B )

2
3

ax 2 + bx + c dx

ax 2 + bx + c dx =

3
1
3
2

2
x + 2 + 4 dx = 3 x + x + 1 +
x 1

1
3
+ 6 ( + ) x 2 + x + 1 + ln x + + x 2 + x + 1 + C =
2
8
2 4

+6

A
Ab

2
= (2ax + b ) + B
ax + bx + c dx =
2a

2a
Ab
A

2
=
ax 2 + bx + c d (ax 2 + bx + c ) + B
ax + bx + c dx =

2a
2a

3
Ab
A

=
ax 2 + bx + c + B
I , I
2a
3a

t 2
k
t + k + ln t + t 2 + k + C
2
2

Ax + B
2ax + b :

( Ax + B )

t 2 + k dt =

x 1
9
x 1
x 2 + 2 x + 8 + arcsin
+ C (x [ 2,4]) .
2
2
3
4.2.2.

b

2a

x 2 + 2 x + 8dx .

9
ln x + 4 + x 2 + 8 x + 25 + C .
2

x+4 2
x + 8 x + 25 +
2

. x + 2 x + 8dx = (x
= (( x 1) 1) + 8dx =

2.

+ 8 x + 16 + 9dx =

t = x +

75

(. .4.2.1):

x 2 + 8 x + 25dx .

ax + bx + c dx 2

1 t dt , R2 t , t 1 dt , R3 t , 1 + t dt .
2

R(x,

4.

(x

3
1

+ x + 1 + 3 x + x 2 + x + 1 +
2

9
1
+ ln x + + x 2 + x + 1 + C .
4
2
2

4.2.3.

dx
ax + bx + c
2

dx
A x
2

1.

ax 2 + bx + c -

= arcsin

x
+ C
A

dx
3x 2 + 4 x 1

dx
x +A
2

= ln x + x 2 + A + C .

. x ,

..

76

d ( x 2 3)

1 9 ( x 2 3)

=
2.

1
3

arcsin

x2 3
+C =
13

1
arcsin(3 x 2) + C x ,1 .
3
3

dx

x 2 + 2x + 5

4.

x 2

2.

(x + 1)2 + 4 .
d ( x + 1)
2
(x + 1)2 + 4 = ln x + 1 + x + 2 x + 5 + C .

A
(2ax + b ) + B Ab
2a
2a dx =
ax 2 + bx + c =
2
ax + bx + c
2
A d ax + bx + c
Ab
dx
=
.

+ B

2a
2a
ax 2 + bx + c
ax 2 + bx + c
1.

2 x 2 + 8x + 1

dx .

. :

5
(4 x + 8) 13
5x 3
5
4x + 8
4
dx
=
2x 2 + 8x + 1
2 x 2 + 8x + 1 dx = 4 2 x 2 + 8 x + 1 dx
dx
5
13
dx
=
2 x 2 + 8x + 1
13
=

2
x 2 + 4x + 1 2
2 x 2 + 8x + 1 2
=

dx =

3 2 ( 2 x + 6 ) + 13

dx =
x 2 + 6x 8
x 2 + 6x 8
2x + 6
3
dx
=
dx + 13
=
2
2
2
x + 6x 8
1 ( x 3)

= 3 x 2 + 6 x 8 + 13 arcsin ( x 3) + C (x (2,4 )) .
4.2.5.

ax 2 + bx + c

( Ax + B )dx

5x 3

3x + 4

( Ax + B )dx

14
14
, 2 +
.
2
2
3x + 4
dx .
x 2 + 6x 8

. :

. x , -

4.2.4.

1
13
5
ln x + 2 + x 2 + 4 x + + C ,
2 x 2 + 8x + 1
2
2
2

77

Pn ( x )dx
ax 2 + bx + c

, Pn ( x ) n -
,

Pn (x )dx
ax + bx + c
2

= Qn 1 ( x ) ax 2 + bx + c +

dx
ax + bx + c
2

(1)

Qn 1 ( x ) (n 1) - ,

ax 2 + bx + c , -

1
Pn ( x ) = Qn 1 ( x ) ax 2 + bx + c + Qn 1 (x )(2ax + b ) + ,
2
Qn 1 ( x ) .
.

(x

2 dx

x + x +1
2

. (1) :

..

78

(x

2 dx

x2 + x +1

= ax 2 + bx + c

x2 + x +1 +

x 2
3

x + x +1
2

(ax

= (2ax + b ) x 2 + x + 1 +

4.

dx
x2 + x +1

+ bx + c (2 x + 1)

2 x + x +1
2

, , 2 x + x + 1 ,
x2 + x +1
2 x 3 2 = (4ax + 2b ) x 2 + x + 1 + (ax 2 + bx + c )(2 x + 1) + 2 .
a, b, c
2 = 4 a + 2 a
0 = 4a + 2b + a + 2b
1
5


, a = , b =
,
a
b
b
c
0
4
2
2
=
+
+
+
3
12

4 = 2b + c + 2
x 3 2 dx
1
25
c = , = . ,
=
24
16
x2 + x +1

5
1
dx
25
1
= x2 x x2 + x +1
=

2
12
24
16
3
1
3

x + +
2
4

5
1
25
1
1
ln x + + x 2 + x + 1 + C .
= x2 x x2 + x +1
12
24
16
2
3

(x )

4.2.6.

t =

dt
At + Bt + C
2

(x )

dx
n

dx
ax 2 + bx + c

ax 2 + bx + c

(n = 1)

(n N )

1
.
x

(x )

dx
n

ax 2 + bx + c

1
dt
1
. x = + , dx = 2 ,
t
x
t
2
2
a + b + c t + (2a + b )t + a

t =

ax 2 + bx + c =

79

(x )

dx
n

t2

ax 2 + bx + c

(a

t n 1 dt

+ b + c )t 2 + (2a + b )t + a

(.. .4.2.5).
1.

dx

5x 2 2 x + 1
1
1
dt
. t = , x = , dx = 2 , x
t
t
, ( t > 0 , . .4.2.13):

dx
5x 2 x + 1
2

dt
t2
1 5 2
+1
t t2 t

= ln t 1 + t 2 2t + 5 + C = ln

1
1+
x

dt
t 2t + 5
2

1 2
+5 +C =
x2 x

1 x + 5x 2 2 x + 1
= ln
+ C (x > 0) .
x
2.

(3x + 2)dx

(x + 1)

x 2 + 3x + 3

. :

(3x + 2)dx

(x + 1)

3( x + 1) 1

dx =
(x + 1) x 2 + 3x + 3
x 2 + 3x + 3
dx
dx
= 3

= 3 I1 + I 2 .
(x + 1) x 2 + 3x + 3
x 2 + 3x + 3
I 1 I 2 .

..

80

4.

t ,
2 = 20 A

0 = 15 A + 10 B
0 = 2 A + 5 B + 2 ,

3
+ x 2 + 3x + 3 + C1 ;
2
1
(t > 0) :
I 2 t =
x +1
dt
dt
t2
I2 =
=
=
2
2
t
t
+
+
1
1 1
1
1 + 3 1 + 3
t t
t
1
= ln t + + t 2 + t + 1 + C 2 .
2
I 1 = ln x +

+ ln
3.

x + 3x + 3

1
1
+ +
x +1 2

(x 1)

= 3 ln x +

3
+ x 2 + 3x + 3 +
2

dx

5t + 5t + 1

= A 5t 2 + 5t + 1 +

( At + B )(10t + 5) +
2 5t + 5t + 1
2

5t + 5t + 1
2

2 5t + 5t + 1 :
2

2t = t (20 A) + t (15 A + 10 B ) + (2 A + 5B + 2 ) .
2

x 2 + 3x + 1
1
1
1
. t =
, x = 1 + , dx = 2 dt x 1
t
t
t > 0
t 2 dt
I =
. (1) :
5t 2 + 5t + 1
t 2 dt
dt
2
5t 2 + 5t + 1 = ( At + B ) 5t + 5t + 1 + 5t 2 + 5t + 1 .

ln t +

1
1
+ t2 + t + + C .
2
5

1
1
11
3
1
ln t + + t 2 + t + + C ,
I = t 5t 2 + 5t + 1
2
5
40 5
10 10
1
3x 5
x 2 + 3x + 1
t =
, I =
2
x 1
20( x 1)

x 2 + 3x + 3
+ C (x + 1 > 0) .
x +1

t2

(3x + 2)dx
2

1
3
11
, B=
, =
. ,
10
20
40
d (t + 1 2 )
dt
1
=

=
2
5
5t 2 + 5t + 1
(t + 1 2) 1 20

A =

(x + 1)

81

11
40 5

(x + 1)
ln

5 + 2 x 2 + 3x + 1
+ C (x > 1) .
x 1
dx

(n Z )
+ a bx 2 + c
bc 0

ctdt
ct 2
bx
2
2
t = bx + c =
. x =
, xdx =
,
2
2
2
2
b bt
t b
bx + c
2
bx ,

bx
1
1
dx

=
x 2 + a n bx 2 + c b x 2 x 2 + a n bx 2 + c xdx =
1
1
ctdt
t
.
=
n
2
2
b ct 2 ct 2
t b

+ a
2
2
b b t b b t

4.2.7.

(x

) (

..

82
.

(x

dx
2

+1 x2 + 2
t=

4.2.9.

+2 =

x
x2 + 2

x2 =

2t 2
,
1 t 2

(x

dx
2

+1 x2 + 2

x xdx
x2 + 2 x2

(x + 1)
=

4.2.8.

(x

2t
t2 +1

1 t 2 1 t 2

dt
= 2
= arctgt + C = arctg
t +1

x +2
2

+ a bx 2 + c

(x

(n Z )

t c
tdt
t = bx + c . x =
, xdx =

b
b
2

tdt
1
(x 2 + a )n bx 2 + c = b t 2 c n .

+ a t
b

xdx

(x

+ 1) x 2 + 2

. t =

(x

x 2 + 2 , x 2 = t 2 2 , xdx = tdt -

dt
1 t 1
1
x + 2 1
t 2 1 = 2 ln t + 1 + C = 2 ln x 2 + 2 + 1 + C .

+ px + q )

ax 2 + bx + c

( A1 x + B1 )dx

(x

+ px + q )

n+

1
2

A1
(2 x + p ) + B1 A1 p ,
2
2
2
d x + px + q
dx
= C1
.
+ D1
1
1
+
n
n+
2
2
x + px + q 2
(x + px + q ) 2

+ px + q )

1
n+
2

dx

(x

+ px + q

: t =

(x

n+

(1)

1
2

+ px + q .

ax 2 + bx + c

x + px + q ,
( Ax + B)dx
2

(x

+ px + q

ax 2 + bx + c

,
. ,
, - x =

( A1 x + B1 )dx

xdx

( Ax + B)dx

bc 0
2

A1 x + B1 =

+C .

xdx

(1 t )
2

2 2

( Ax + B )dx

, ax + bx + c = a x + px + q .

x :

2tdt

(x

83

(n N )
n
+ px + q ) ax 2 + bx + c
2
2
, p 4q < 0 , . x + px + q

(x

t2 +1
2tdt
, xdx =
x2 +1 =
2
1 t
1 t2

4.

t +
t +1

b
b
p
, x = t , p = .
a
2
a

(t

Mt + N

t 2 + r

dt ,

(2)

..

84

(t

Mtdt
2

t 2 + r

+ N

(t

dt

t 2 + r

u =
v =
1.

(x

( t

+r

) (. .4.2.7.4.2.8).

dx
2

+ x +1 x + x 1
2

4.

2- . -

. y = x +

t 2 + r ,

.4.2.7)

(x

dx

+ x +1 x + x 1
2

dx

1
8 + 3 cos u
5
4 d (cos u )
+ C , u = arcsin
ln
.
=

2x + 1
6
8 3 cos u
3 8
2
cos u
3
1
1

x 1 + 5 ,
5 1 :
2
2

(x

dx
2

+ x +1 x + x 1
2

) (

(2 x + 1) 2 + 3(x 2 + x 1)
= 1 ln
+C.
6

(2 x + 1)

2 3 x + x 1
2

dy

2 5
t = y =
4

=
2


1
3
1
5

x + + x +

2
4
2
4

dx
2x + 1
. t =
,
=
2
2
5

5 5 2x + 1
3 2x + 1
1
+

8 5
5 5
dt
5dt = 2dx , , 4
. 5 2 3 2
t + t 1
5

dt
1
1
t =
, = sin u , 2 = cos udu .
t
sin u
t
4
sin udu
4
cos u sin udu
4
dt
=
=
=

8
3
5
5 3 2
2
5 2 3 2
cos u
1 + sin u cos u
t + t 1
5 5
5
5

1
, (.
2

3 2 5
y + y
4
4

. 1- . ,

85

y
y2

5
4

dy

y2

3
4

dt

2t

1
6

3 + 8t

ln

3 8t

+ C , t =

(x

dx
2

+ x +1 x2 + x 1

2.

dx

(x

+x+2

ln

2 x2 + x 1

) (

(2 x + 1)
(2 x + 1)

5
4

dt
.
1 t2

2x + 1

1
1
1+ 5 ,
2
2

5 1

(
3(x

) +C .
+ x 1)

2 + 3 x2 + x 1
2

. (1) , , t =

(x

+x+2 =

2x + 1

2 x2 + x + 2
4t 2 (x 2 + x + 2) = 4 x 2 + 4 x + 1 = 4(x 2 + x + 2) 7 ,
7
2
2
x + x + 2 = 2
. t x + x + 2 =
4t 4
1
= x + d (uv ) = vdu + udv ,
2
1

2
d t x + x + 2 = d x + ,
2

..

86

(2 x + 1)dx

x 2 + x + 2 dt + t

4.

= dx ,

2 x +x+2
2

I2 =

x 2 + x + 2 dt + t 2 dx = dx ,

(x

,
:

dt
.
=
2
2
x + x + 2 1 t

(4t

(x

+x+2

dx

x +x+2 x +x+2
2

3.

(x

(x + 2)dx

xdx

+1 x2 + 2

(x + 2)dx

+1 x2 + 2

(x

+1 x2 + 2

(x

2dx

+1 x2 + 2

+1 x2 + 2

x2 + 2 1
x + 2 +1
2

2tdt

(1 t )

2 2

2t 2 t 2 + 1

1 t2 1 t2

x
x2 + 2

+C.

(x

x2 + 2 1
x2 + 2 +1
dx

11x 13
2

x +1 x2 +1

x
x2 + 2

x =

t +
t +1

x2 x +1 =

(u + 1)

1 + 2u

(x < 0)

dx .

2 t 2 + 2 t + 2 (t + )(t + 1) + t 2 + 2t + 1

(t + 1)2

t ,
:

2 + 2 = 0 .

+C.

+C.

x > 0

+1 x2 + 2
du

1

x2

(x

+ 2arctg

. x x + 1 x + 1
, (2 ) - -

= I1 + I 2 .

t=

(x

2t 2
t2 +1
2tdt
2
x =
, x +1 =
, xdx =
2
2
2
1 t
1 t
1 t2
x +2
x

1 z 1
1
ln
+ C = ln
2 z +1
2

4.

u = x 2 , z = u + 2 ,
du
dz
1
I1 =
= 2
2 (u + 1) u + 2
(z 1) =

(x + 2)dx

u =

2 x( xdx)

2dt
= 2arctgt + C = 2arctg
t2 +1

. (2 ) .

(x

1
= ln
x2 +1 x2 + 2 2

dt
16
4
16 t 3
2
t + C =

=
1

t
dt
=
49
49
3
1 t 2 49
3
16
2x + 1
1 2 x + 1
+C .
=

49 2 x 2 + x + 2 24 x 2 + x + 2

2t

x (x

+1 x2 + 2

dx

dx

2dx

87

+2 =
, -

x2 +1 =

2 t 2 + 2 t + 2 + t 2 + 2t + 1

(t + 1)2

, t , :

2 + 2 = 0 .

..

88

4.

2 + 2 = 0
,
2 + 2 = 0

= 1
. ,

= 1
t 1
x =
.
t +1
t2 + 3
2t 2 + 2
2t + 24
2
2
11x 13 =
x x +1 =
,
x +1 =
,
,
2
2
t +1
(t + 1)
(t + 1)
2dt
dx =
, , , (2 )
(t + 1)2
(t + 12)dt
11x 13
x 2 x + 1 x 2 + 1dx = 2 2 t 2 + 3 t 2 + 1 .

d t2 +1
= 2
=
t +3
t2 + 3 t2 +1
tdt

z=

( t + 1) . 1 dzz
t2 + 3 =

(t

du
1
u
u 2 + 2 = 2 arctg 2 + C =
t2 +1

arctg

2
dt
2

t2 +1

(t

dt

+ 3 t2 +1

11x 13
2

x +1 x +1

4 3 ln

dx = 2arctg

3t 2 + 3 + 2t
3t + 3 2t
2

t +1

+ C , t =

ax 2 + bx + c

1.

2
dz
1
3+z 2
=
ln
+ C = 1 ln 3t + 3 + 2t + C .
2
3 2z
2 6
3z 2
2 6
3t 2 + 3 2t

(x

, ,

Pn ( x )dx

(x )

(x

ax 2 + bx + c
dx
n

ax 2 + bx + c
( Ax + B )dx

,
,

+ px + q ax 2 + bx + c
2
x + px + q .
(x + 2)dx

ax 2 + bx + c

Tk ( x )
, Tk ( x ) Qm ( x )
Qm ( x )
k m .
k m R( x ) S (x ) :
P (x )
R(x ) = S k m (x ) + n
, n < m,
Qm ( x )
P (x )
n

Qm ( x )
R(x )

R( x )dx

R ( x ) =

+C .

+ 3 t +1

dt

3 2z 2

1 z2

4.2.10.

89

x +1
.
1 x

2.

(x

+1 x2 + 2

. . . 3 .4.2.9.

x 4 + x3 + 4x 7

(x

+1 x2 +1

dx .

x 4 + x3 + 4x 7
,
x3 + 1
3x 8
x 4 + x3 + 4x 7
= x +1+ 3
.
3
x +1
x +1

..

4.

3x 8
:
x3 + 1
3x 8
A
Bx + C
=
+ 2
,
3
x +1 x +1 x x +1
2
3 x 8 = A x x + 1 + (Bx + C )( x + 1) .
11
x = 1 , A = . x 2 3
, A + B = 0 A + C = 8 ,
11
13
B =
,C=
. ,
3
3
dx
x 4 + x3 + 4x 7
(x + 1)dx 11
x 3 + 1 x 2 + 1 dx = x 2 + 1 3 (x + 1) x 2 + 1 +

4.2.11.

90

(11x 13)dx .
1
+
2
3 x x +1 x2 +1

(x + 1)dx =
x +1

x + 1 > 0 t =

ln

3 2

1
:
x +1

1
1
2
2
+ 1
+
+C.
x +1 2
x + 1 ( x + 1)2

4 .4.2.9.

x + x + 4x 7
4

(x
11

3 2

2
arctg
3

+1 x +1

ln

dx =

x 2 + 1 + ln x + x 2 + 1 +

1
1
2
2
+ 1
+

x +1 2
x + 1 ( x + 1)2

x +1
2

(x 1)2

4
3

ln

(
6(x

)
+C.
+ 1) 2 ( x + 1)

6 x + 1 + 2 ( x + 1)
2


.
1.

R x, a 2 x 2 ,

a > 0 ,

x = a sin t , t , . t
2 2

2 , 2 , x , , [ a, a ],
.

a 2 x 2 = a cos t = a cos t ,

11
dx
11
dt
=
=

3 ( x + 1) x 2 + 1 3
1 2t + 2t 2
11

ax
a+x
dx , R x,
dx
a 2 x 2 dx , R x,

a
+
x
a


,
2 2

x 2 + 1 + ln x + x 2 + 1 + C .

R(x,

91

. R x, a x

2

R(a sin t , a cos t ) . R x, a x , ,

a + x

a+x

, , t , .
t , , R x,
2 2
a x
2 2

2. x = a cos t ,

t [0, ] , R x, a 2 x 2 R (a cos t , a sin t ) .


1.

a 2 x 2 dx (a > 0 ) .

. x = a sin t .

x [ a, a ] ,


t , .
2 2

a 2 x 2 = a cos t = a cos t , dx = a cos tdt

..

92

1 + cos 2t
dt =
2
a2
1
a2 1

=
dt + cos 2td (2t ) + C = t + sin 2t + C =
2
2
2 2

2
a
x
x
x
a2
x

=
arcsin +
arcsin + sin arcsin cos arcsin + C =
2
a
a
a
2
a

x
+
a 2 x 2 + C ( x a) .
2
. x = a cos t ,
t [0, ] .

2.

a 2 x 2 dx = a 2 cos 2 tdt = a 2

4.

= sgn (sin t )

x
x
x

= a arcsin cos arcsin + C = a arcsin


a
a
a

x
x
a 1 + C = a arcsin a 2 x 2 + C ( a x < a ) .
a
a

cos t
cos t
= sgn t
, , ,
sin t
sin t

a+x
t 1

dx = 4a sgn t cos 2 tdt = 4a sgn t + sin 2t + C =


ax
2 4

x
x
a 2t a sin 2t + C = a arccos a sin arccos + C =
a
a

x
x

x
= a arccos a 1 + C = a arcsin
a
a
2
a

x
a 2 x 2 + C = a arcsin a 2 x 2 + C a .
a
2

a+x
dx (a > 0 ) .
ax


. 1- . x = a sin t , t , .
2 2
dx = a cos tdt
1 + sin t 1 + sin t
1 + sin t
cos tdt =
a
cos tdt = a
1 sin t
1 sin t 1 + sin t
(1 + sin t ) cos t dt = a (1 + sin t )dt = a(t cos t ) + C =
= a

cos t

4.2.12.

2t = arccos

x
,
a

a+x
1 + cos 2t
=
=
ax
1 cos 2t

2 cos 2 t cos t
=
=
sin t
2 sin 2 t

R(x,

)
) -

a 2 + x 2 dx

1. R x, a + x
2


, . 2 2

t ,
2 2

x = a tgt , t

, x -

+ ( ).

a2 + x2 =

a 2 + x 2 :

a 2 + a 2 tg 2 t = a

2- .


x = a cos 2t , 2t , . dx = 2a sin 2tdt ,
2 2

93

1
a
a
=
,
=
2
cos t cos t
cos t

dx =

adt
.
cos 2 t

R x, a 2 + x 2 -

R atgt ,
, .
cos t

..

94
1.

dx

4.

(a > 0) .

a2 + x2

3. R x, a + x


t , .
2 2
t
t
d
d
1
1 dt
2 =
2 = 1

=

t
t a
t
t
a sin t a
sin cos
tg cos 2
2
2
2
2
t
dtg
1
2 = 1 ln tg t + C , t = arctg x (x 0 ) .
=
t
a
a
a
2
tg
2

a
1
a
=
,
=
2
sin t
sin t
sin t
adt
, dx =
.
sin 2 t
a2 + x2 =

a 2 + a 2 ctg 2 t = a

R x, a + x

2

) -

R a ctgt ,
.
sin t

2.

dx

a +x
. x = a ctgt , t (0, ) . x 0
1 dt
1 d (sin t )
dx
adt
=
=
=
x a2 + x2 = 2
a
a cos t
a cos 2 t
sin t a ctgt
sin t
1 d (sin t ) 1 d (sin t )
x
=
= 2
= 1 ln sin t 1 + C , t = arcctg .
2
a cos t
a sin t 1 2a sin t + 1
a
2

x = a sht , t R .

. x = a tgt ,

2.
x = a ctgt , t (0, ) .

95

a2 + x2 =

= a 2 + a 2 sh 2 t = a ch 2 t = a cht = a cht ( cht > 0 t R ).


3.
.

dx = achtdt ,

a 2 + x 2 dx (a > 0 ) .

x = asht ,

a 2 + x 2 = a 2 1 + sh 2 t = acht . -

a 2 ch 2 tdt = a 2

1 + ch2t
a2
1

dt =
tdt + ch2td (2t ) =
2
2
2

a2
a2
t+
sh 2t + C . . 2
4
e t e t x
x a2 + x2
t
sht =
= , e t =
. e > 0 ,
2
a
a
=

t = ln x + a 2 + x 2 ln a .

sh 2t = 2 sht cht =

x
x 2 2x
= 2sht 1 + sh 2 t = 2 1 + 2 = 2 a 2 + x 2 ,
a
a
a
2
( a2 ln a C )

a 2 + x 2 dx =

a2
x
ln x + a 2 + x 2 +
a2 + x2 + C .
2
2

4.2.13.

R(x,

R x,

x 2 a 2 dx , R x, x a dx ,

x + a

x+a
dx (a > 0 ) .
x a

R x,

xa
,
x 2 a 2 , R x,

x
+
a

x+a
,
R x,
x a

..

96
.

4.

x 2 a 2 . -

R x,

x a . :
1. x =

a

, t ,0 U 0, , sin t
2 2

x2 a2 =

1 sin 2 t
a2
2

=
a

=
a
sin 2 t
sin 2 t

cos t
= a
= a ctgt , sin t

a
R
, a ctgt .
sin t

a
x=
2.
,
cos t

t 0, U , , :
2 2
2

a2
1 cos 2 t
sin t
2

x a =
a
=
=a
= a tgt .
2
2
cos t
cos t
cos t
2

1
1
1 cos t
cos t
=
=
1
1 + cos t
+1
cos t

t
2 = tg t .
=
t
2
2 cos 2
2
, x = a cht :
t
2 sh 2
xa
cht 1
t
2
=
=
= th .
x+a
cht + 1
t
2
2ch 2
2
. .

, a tgt .
cos t

3. x = a cht , t 0 ( x > 0 ) x = a cht , t 0


( x < 0 ).
x2 a2 =

R x,

a 2 ch 2 t a 2 = a sh 2 t = a sht ,

x 2 a 2 R (a cht , a sht ) .

x a (:

x+a
x ( , a ) U [a,+ ) )

x=

a

, t 0, U , ,
cos t
2 2

xa
=
x+a

2 sin 2

x 2 a 2 (

xa
), x > a
x+a
x < a . , , , .. x > a (
x < a ). ,
, t :

x=

(
) R

97

a
a


t 0, , x =
t 0, ,
sin t
cos t
2
2
x = a cht t [0,+ ) .

.
.
1.

dx

(x a 2 )3
2

(x > a ) .

. x =

a sin tdt atgtdt



t 0, . dx =
=
,
cos t
cos 2 t
2
3

(x

a2

a2
=
a 2 = a 3 tg 6 t = a 3 tg 3t .
2

cos t
,

a
,
cos t

..

98

dx

1
1
dt
= 2
2
2
a tg t cos t a

4.

cos tdt
=
2
t

sin

(x 2 a 2 )3
1 d (sin t )
1
= 2
= 2
+ C . .
2
a
a sin t
sin t
a
a
, cos t = ,
x =
cos t
x
a2
x2 a2
x2 a2
sin t = 1 cos 2 t = 1 2 =
=
.
x
x
x2
dx
x
=
+C.
,
a2 x2 a2
(x 2 a 2 )3
dx
(x > a ) .
2.
x2 a2
. : x = acht , t 0 .
dx = ashtdt ,

x a = a sht = asht 2

dt = t + C . :

x = acht cht =

x
a

x
t = Arch ,
a

2
x

x
x

, dt = t + C = Arch + C = ln
+ 1 + C =
a

a
a

= ln x + x 2 a 2 + C ,
C ( ln a ) .
3.

2ash 2 x shx
=
,
2ach 2 x chx

dx = 4asht cht dt
ch2t 1
xa
2
x + a dx = 4a sh tdt = 4a 2 dt =ash2t 2at + C .
,

xa
, cht =
2a

sht =

x+a
, a sh 2t =
2a

x 2 a 2 . , sht + cht = e t ,
x+a + xa
=
t = ln(sht + cht ) = ln

2
a

x + a + x a ln 2a .

= 2a sht cht =

= ln

xa
dx = x 2 a 2 2a ln
x+a
C = C ln 2a .

4.2.14. 1-

R(x,

x + a + x a + C ,

ax 2 + bx + c = t x a

ax 2 + bx + c dx -

. 1- , a > 0 .

Archx = ln x + x 2 1 , x 1 .

xa
=
x+a

x + a = 2a( sh 2 t + 1) = 2ach 2 t

99

xa
dx (x a ) .
x+a

. . , x a = 2ash t ,
2

ax 2 + bx + c = t x a
ax 2 + bx + c = t + x a ). -

(
:

ax 2 + bx + c = t x a ,
ax/ 2 + bx + c = t 2 2tx a + ax/ 2 ,
t2 c
.
x t : x =
2 at + b
a t 2 + bt + c a
dt , ax 2 + bx + c = t x a =
dx = 2
2
2 a t + b

..

100

=t a

t2 c
2 a t + b

a t 2 + bt + c a
2 a t + b

4.

. -

R(x,

ax 2 + bx + c dx =

t2 c
at 2 + bt + c a
at 2 + bt + c a
2
= R
dt .
,
2

2 at + b
2 at + b
2 at + b

t 2 1
t2 t +1
dt = 2
, dx =
dt .
(2t 1)2
2t 1
t 2 t +1
, 2
dt .
2
t (2t 1)
:

t = ax 2 + bx + c + x a .
1.

dx
x2 + a

. , 1- :

t2 a
.
2t
t2 + a
dt ,
, dx =
2t 2
t2 + a
2
. ,
x +a =
2t
dt
dx
2
x 2 + a = t = ln t + C = ln x + x + a + C .

x+

dx
x2 x +1

. , 1- :

x x +1 = t x .
:

x x + 1 = (t x )

t 2 1
x/ x + 1 = t 2tx + x/ x =
.
2t 1
2

x2 x +1 .

ax 2 + bx + c = xt + c

2-

R(x,

ax 2 + bx + c dx , c > 0 .

ax 2 + bx + c = xt + c (

ax 2 + bx + c = xt c ). :

ax 2 + bx + c/ = x 2 t 2 + 2 xt c + c/ .
x 0 x : x =

c t 2 bt + a c

dx = 2

(a t )

2 2

dt 3 dt
dt = 2
+

1
t 2

t
2
3
1
3
3 d (2t 1)
+
= 2 ln t ln t
+C ,
2
2 (2t 1)
2
2 2(2t 1)

4.2.15. 2-

2.

2
t 2 t +1
3
3
dt =
+
2
2
t (2t 1)
t 2t 1 (2t 1)

t = x +

x2 + a = t x .

x 2 + a = t 2 2tx + x 2 , x =

101

dt ,

2 c t b
t + c =
a t2

2 c t b
.
a t2

ax 2 + bx + c = xt + c =

c t 2 bt + a c
.
a t2

R(x,

ax 2 + bx + c dx =

..

102

4.

2 ct b ct 2 bt + a c
ct 2 bt + a c

= R
dt .

,
2
2
2

2 2
a
t
a
t

(
)
a
t

x+

dx
x2 x +1

ax 2 + bx + c , ..
ax 2 + bx + c = a( x )( x ) .
ax 2 + bx + c = t ( x ) . :

ax 2 + bx + c c
.
x

t=

a( x )( x ) = t 2 ( x ) .
2

x 0 , x t , x =

. , 2- (.. c = 1 > 0 , ).

x 2 x + 1 = xt 1 ,

= t (x ) =

2 2

t
t2 t +1
2
, x + x x +1 =
. ,
= 2
t 1
t 1
2t 2 + 2t 2
dx
=
x + x 2 x + 1 t (t 1)(t + 1)2 dt =
2
1
3
3
dt =
=

2
(
)
(
)
t
t

t
+
2
1
2
1
(
)
t
+
1

3 dt
dt 1 dt
dt
= 2

3
=
t 2 t 1 2 t + 1 (t + 1)2

1
3
3
= 2 ln t ln t 1 ln t + 1 +
+ C , t =
2
2
t +1
4.2.16. 3-

(t

x2 x +1 +1
.
x

ax 2 + bx + c =

dt ,

ax 2 + bx + c dx =

, t =
1.

dx

a2 x2

ax 2 + bx + c
.
x

. 3- -

a 2 x 2 = t (a x ) .

t 1
.
t 2 +1
4atdt
: dx =
.
(t 2 + 1)2
2at
2
2
. , a x = 2
t +1
, x < a

(a + x )(a x ) = t (a x ) ,

a( x )( x ) = t ( x )

2a ( )t

a + t 2 a ( )t 2a ( )t

, 2
= R
dt .
2
t a t 2 a 2
t a

3-

dx =

a + t 2
.
t2 a

a( )t
. , t2 a

R(x,

x x + 1/ = x t 2 xt + 1/ .
x , x t :
t2 t +1
2t 1
. dx = 2
dt
x 2 x + 1 = xt 1 =
x= 2
2
2
t 1
(t 1)

2
R x, ax + bx + c dx

:
2

103

dx
a x
2

= 2

x = a

dt
a+x
= 2arctgt + C = 2arctg
+C .
ax
t +1
2

..

104
2.

dx

1+

1 2x x 2

4.

.
x1, 2 = 1
:

2 , 3- -

1 2x x 2 = t x + 1 + 2 .

)(

) (

p ; )

) p , t = s x , s ()
m n (. ).

(1 +

x +1 2 x +1+ 2 = t x +1+ 2 ,

x + 1 +

2 +1 + 2 1
2 2t
,
,
1 2x x 2 = 2
2
t +1
t +1
4 2tdt
t 2 + 2 2t + 1
, dx =
. , 1 + 1 2x x 2 =
2
t +1
(t 2 + 1)2
t,

x=

t2

2 . x

1+

dx
1 2x x 2

= 4 2

(t

)(

tdt

+ 1 t 2 + 2 2t + 1

4.3.
m

(a + bx )

n p

dx , a, b - -

m, n, p .
(1821 1894)

, ,

, . . . ,
, , ,
.

.., x a + bx
:
m

x dx
3

.
2

. x 1 + x 3 dx . ,

1
2

1
1
6
, n = , p = 2 , a = b = 1 . t = 6 x , x = t ,
2
3
3 3
x = t , x = t 2 , dx = 6t 5 dt -

m=

4
4t 2 + 3
2

6
= 6 t 2t + 3
dt =
(1 + t 2 )2
(1 + t 2 )2

6
3(t 2 + 1) + t 2
= 6 t 4 2t 2 + 3
dt = t 5 4t 3 + 18t
2

(1 + t 2 ) 5

1
t 2 dt
t 2 dt
1
,

= td
=
18arctgt 6
2
2
2

2
1+ t
(1 + t 2 )
(1 + t 2 )
1
t
=
+ arctgt + C . , x 0
2
2(1 + t ) 2
t 8 dt

.
, , ,
, .

m +1
m +1
; )
+ p .
n
n

1.

105

n p

(1 +

x dx
3

)
p .

6 5
3t
t 4t 3 + 18t +
21arctgt + C , t = 6 x .
5
1+ t2

m +1
, t = s a + bx n , s
n

..

106

2.

x1 + x

2
3

xdx

4.

. .

1+ 3 x2

1
2

2
1
dx , m = 1 , n = , p = , s = 2 .

3
2

3
m +1
= 3 , t = 1 + x 3 . x = (t 2 1)2 ,
n
1
3
dx = (t 2 1)2 2tdt . ,
2

xdx
1+ 3 x2

3
= 3 (t 2 1) dt = t 5 2t 3 + 3t + C , t = 1 + x 3 .
5
2

m +1
+p
n

t = s ax n + b , s p .
3.

dx
1+ x4

.
0
4
x (1 + x ) 4 dx

1
m +1
m = 0 , n = 4 , p = , s = 4 .
+ p = 0 , 4
n
,

dx

dx = t 3 t 4 1

5
4

t = 1+ x
4

dt , 4 1 + x 4 = t t 4 1
=

t 2 dt
=
t 4 1

1
4

. ,

t + 1 + t 1 +

Cx + D
dt =
t2 +1

1+ x
1 1
1
1
dt
1 t +1 1

=
= ln
arctgt + C ,
dt 2
4 t + 1 t 1
2 t +1 4 t 1 2
t = 1 + x
4

x = t 1
4

4.4. ,

1. , , ( ) .

1.

1
4

a+x
dx (a > 0 ) .
ax

a+x
=
ax

a x < a ,

a+x
ax

,
. -

a+x a+x

dx =

a+x

dx =
a2 x2
x 1 d a2 x2
dx
xdx
=
= a
+
= a arcsin
a 2
a2 x2
a2 x2
a2 x2
x
= a arcsin + a 2 x 2 + C .
a
dx
(a b ) .
2.
x+a + x+b

107

ax a+x

. , , ..

dx

x+a x+b :
=

x+a x+b
dx =
ab

x+a + x+b
1
=
x + a dx x + b dx =
ab
1
=
x + a d (x + a ) x + bd (x + b ) =
a b
3
3
1 2
2

=
( x + a ) 2 ( x + b ) 2 + C ( x a , x b ) .
3
ab3

2. .

..

108
3.

4.

x 4 + x 4 + 2
dx .
x3

(2a sin t )
2

. ,
, :

. ,

3. ,
.

4.

xdx

1+ x +
2

2 3

xdx

(1 + x ) + (1 + x ) 1 + x
2

d 1+ x2

1+ 1+ x2

d 1+ 1+ x2
1+ 1+ x2

dt
t

=
2

xdx
1+ x

= d 1+ x2 .

1+ x2 :

= 2 t + C = 2 1+ 1+ x2 + C .

x
dx (a > 0 ) .
2a x
x
. ,
0 x [0,2a ) . 2a x

2
x = 2a sin t , t 0, .
2
5.

x
,
2a

sin 2t = 2 sin t cos t =

1 sin 2 2t = 1

x(2a x )
=
a2

ax ax
1
1
(a x )2 =
;

a 2 x(2a x ) =
=
a
a
a
a

t , , .. x [a,2a ) , cos 2t 0 , ,
4 2
ax ax

. , t 0,
=
cos 2t = 1 sin 2 2t =
a
a
2
ax
ax
2
. sin 4t = 2 sin 2t cos 2t =
.
x(2a x )
cos 2t =
a
a
a
x
, : x
dx =
2a x

1
x 2
x

= a 2 3 arcsin

x(2a x ) +
x(2a x )1 + C =
2a a
2a
a

3a + x
x
x(2a x ) + C .
= 3a 2 arcsin

2
2a
=

1+ x2 1+ 1+ x2

) . t = 1 +

sin t =

x
2a x 1

= x(2a x ) . cos 2t : t 0,
2a
2a
a
4

xdx

2a x
,
2a

( x 0, a ) ), cos 2t > 0 cos 2t =

. :

cos t = 1 sin 2 t =
= 2

(1 + x )

2a sin 2 t
d 2a sin 2 t = 8a 2 sin 4 tdt =
2
2a 2a sin t

1
1
1 cos 2t

2 1
2
= 8a 2
dt = 8a cos 2t + cos 2t dt =
4
2

4 2

1
3 1

1
= 8a 2 cos 2t + cos 4t dt = a 2 3t 2 sin 2t + sin 4t + C .
8
4
8 2

2 1
1
x + 2
x2 + 2
4
4
x
x +x +2

x dx =
dx =
dx =
3
3
3
x
x
x
1
1 1
= + 5 dx = ln x 4 + C (x 0 ) .
4x
x x

109

..

110
6.

1+

dx
x + x +1

4.

:
2

t 2 1
.
. t = x + x + 1 , x =
2t
,

1
1
t 1
1 t3 t 2 + t 1
dt = ln t + 2 +
3
1+ x + x +1 2
2 2
2t 4t
t
1
x 1 2
+ C = x ln x + x + 1 +
x + x + C (x 0) .
2
2 2

dx

R(x,
R(x,

ax + bx + cx + d dx ,
3

ax 4 + bx 3 + cx 2 + ex + r dx ,

3- 4- ( ). , , . , , ,
( ,
). 1- 2-

F (k , ) =

d
1 k sin
2

111

E (k , ) =

1 k 2 sin 2 d .

. .

.
F (k , ) E (k , )
, .

1.

x 2dx .

1 4 2 7 1 10
t t + t + C , t = 3 1 x .
4
7
10

2. x 3 1 x dx .
2

3.

4.

(3 x )

5.

: 3

dx .

x+4
dx

1 x

x +1

2
3

(x + 4)3

x +1 + 2

(x + 1)

5
3
2
(x 2) 2 + 4 (x 2) 2 + C (x 2) .
5
3

: ln

dx .

8 x + 4 + C (x > 4 ) .

(t 1)2
t + t +1
2

t =
6.

dx

(2 x + 1)

(2 x + 1)

1
2

2
3

arctg

2t + 1

2x 1 + 1

(2 x 1)(

) dx .

2x 1 1

x +1 + x +1

(x + 1)(4

x +1

10.

1 x
dx .
1+ x
3

x +1
dx .
x 1

; x 1 .
2

) dx .

: 6t 3 ln 4 t 2 6 ln
9.

+C,

x + 1 (x > 1; x 0 ) .

: 3 ln 6 2 x 1 1 3 ln 6 2 x 1 + C x >
8.

1
1
1
3
(2 x + 1)3 + 3(2 x + 1)6 + 3 ln (2 x + 1)6 1 + C x > 1 ; x 0 .
2
2

7.

2
3

1 x
+ C (x < 1) .
2

2arctg

t2
+ C , t = 6 x + 1 ( x > 1; x 63) .
t+2

: arcsin x + 1 x + C
2

( 1 < x 1) .

1 t2 + t +1
2
2t + 1
2t
arctg
+ 3
+
,
ln
2
3
t 1
(t 1)
3
3

..

112

4.

t = 3

x +1
x 1

(x 1) .

x+2
dx (x ( 2,3]) .
x3
2x 1 2
35
1
:
x x6 +
ln x + x 2 x 6 + 3 x 2 x 6 + C .
4
8
2

11.

12.

20.

x + 1 dx
.
x 1 x +1

dx

(x 1)(x + 1)
3

x +1
(x 1) .
t =
x 1
1 t2 + t +1
2t + 1
: ln
+ 3arctg
+C,
2
2
(t 1)
3

dx

(x 1) (x + 2)
3

15.

dx
2

x(1 + 2

17.
18.
19.

(x + 1) (x 1)
3

16.

x 2 + 4x + 5

dx
x +3 x

3
ln
4 1+ 6 x
dx

x 2 + 2x
dx

3x 6 x + 9
dx
6 4x 2x 2

3 3 x +1
+ C (x 1) .
2 x 1

).

21.

x +2 x

2 7

: ln x + 1 +

:
:

46 x 1
7

+C

22.

3x + 2
x2+x + 2

23.

arcsin

x +1
+ C (x ( 3,1)) .
2

1
1
ln x + + x 2 + x + 2 + C .
2
2

x 2 + 4 x + 13dx .
9
x+2 2
x + 4 x + 13 + ln x + 2 + x 2 + 4 x + 13 + C .
2
2

5 + 4 x x 2 dx .

9
x2
x2
5 + 4 x x 2 + arcsin
+ C (x ( 1,5)) .
2
2
3
3
1
2 2
2
24. x 1 x dx .
: (1 x ) + C ( x 1) .
3
:

25.

1 + x x 2 dx 1 5 x 1 + 5 .

(1 3x )

: 1 + x x

(x + 1)

3
2 2

1
1
5
2x 1
x 1+ x x2
+C.
arcsin
4
2
16
5

x 2 + 4 x + 1dx .
:

3
1
1 2
(
x + 4 x + 1)2 ( x + 2) x 2 + 4 x + 1 +
3
2

( (

))

3
+ ln x + 2 + x 2 + 4 x + 1 + C x 2 3 ,2 + 3 .
2

x 2 + 2 x + C (x [ 2,0]) .
ln x 1 + x 2 x + 3 + C .

x2
+ C (x ( 1,5)) .
3

dx .

(x > 0) .

arctg

: 3 x 2 + x + 2 +

26.

) (1
2

x +1
(x 1) .
x 1

4 4 x 1
+ C (x [ 2,1]) .
3 x+2

x3 x

dx .

: 5 x + 4 x + 5 + 13 arcsin

1 t2 + t +1
2t + 1
+ 3arctg
+C,
ln
2
2
(t 1)
3

t =
14.

5x + 3

13.

113

27.

x 2 dx
x2 + x +1

2x 3 2
1 1

x + x + 1 ln + x + x 2 + x + 1 + C .
4
8 2

..

114
28.

dx

2x 2 2x 1

36.

: arcsin

29.

(x + 2)

30.

(x + 1)

31.

(x 1)

dx

32.

33.

34.

x
x

x 2 + 4x

2
x2 + x +1
+ 1 ln 1 + 1 + x + x + 1 + C ( x 1) .
3( x 1)
2 3 x 1 2
3 ( x 1)

39.

40.

41.

1 1+ x2 +1
x +1 + ln
+ C (x 0) .
2
x

1
:
2x 2

( x > 1) .

42.

dx .

43.

x 2 + 2x + 2
dx .
x

44.

x 2 + 2 x + 2 + ln x + 1 + x 2 +2 x + 2

2 ln

x + 2 + 2(x 2 +2 x + 2 )
+ C (x 0) .
x

))

2 ,1 + 2 .

19 + 5 x + 2 x 2
1 x
1 + 2 x x 2 4 arcsin
+C.
6
2

: 2 1 + 3 x

dx .

+ C (x 1; x 0 ) .

(x 1;0) .

1 + x5

115

(t 1) + 3 arctg 2t + 1 + C , t = 3 1 + x 5 .
1
ln 2
:
10 t + t + 1 5
3
dx
3
.
:
+ C (x > 0) .
2
3
x +1
x2 1+ x
dx
.
: 3arctg 3 x + C ( x 0 ) .
2
3
2
x 1+ x
dx
1
4
.
:
+
+ C (x > 0) .
10
8
9
4
4
4
x x +1
2 x +1
9 x +1
2

2x 2 + 1 2
:
x 1 + C
3x 3

x2
dx

x2
x

+ 5 x 2 + 4 x + 13 arcsin
+ C (x (0,4 )) .
2
2

35.

1+ 3 x

38.

: ln

x 2 1
x 2 + 2x + 3
4

1 x + 2 x2 + x +1
+ C ( x 1) .
x +1

x2 + x +1

x +1
dx
2

1 3 1 + 3
,
+C x
.

2
2
x 3

x + x +1
dx

1 + 2x x 2

dx

x +1

x
+ C (x [ 2,0]) .
x+2

(x (1

x 3 dx

37.

x 2 + 2x
dx

4.

dx
4

1+ x
dx
1 + x3

(2 x
:

1
: ln
3

x +1 x 1
x +1 + x 1

1 + x2 + 1 x2
1 x4

1 1+ x2
+ C (x 0) .
3x 3

( 1 + x 1)

x3

+ C (x > 1; x 0 ) .

dx .

:
45.

1 2
x x x 2 1 + ln x + x 2 1 + C (x 1) .

dx .

: arcsin x + ln x + 1 + x

)+ C ( x < 1) .

..

116
46.

47.

xdx

(x 2) .

x+2 + x+3
5
3
5
3
2
4
2
: ( x + 2 ) 2 + ( x + 2 ) 2 + ( x + 3) 2 2( x + 3) 2 + C .
5
3
5
2
x dx
x 1 3 ,1 + 3 .
:
4 2x + x 2 2 + 2x x 2

( (

arcsin
48.

4.

x 1
3

1+ x2

(x

50.

2 1+ x

(x + 1)dx

1
4 2

1+ x + x 2
2

ln

+ C (x 1) .

1+ x x 2
2( x 1)
2

+ x +1 x2 + x +1
3 x2 + x +1

xdx

x 1 5 , 1 + 5 ; x 1 .

2
x 2 1 x 2 x 1
2

+C.

51.

x+

dx

52.

1+

dx

1
1
3x + 1 2 x 2 x 1
x3
arcsin
ln
+C.
2
x +1
x 1 5 2
.

x2 + x +1
t4
3
1
2
:
+ ln
+ C , t = x + x + x + 1 (x 1) .
2(2t + 1) 2 2t + 1 3
1 2x x 2

( x 1

x2 x 2

(x ( 1,2); x 2) .

2 ln
54.

2 ,1 + 2 ).

1 + 1 2x x 2
t 1
2arctgt + C , t =
.
: ln
x
t

55.

x2 x 2

1
5
+
x+2 8

5
1
ln x + x 2 x 2
2
2
1

(x + 2)

5
1
+ +C.
4( x + 2) 4

dx
(1 + x(1 + x ) ) (x ( 1,0)) .
2

dx

: x 2 ln x + 2 +

49.

))

2
2 + 2x x
6 + 2 + 2x x
1

arctg
+C.
ln
3
(1 x ) 2
6
6 2 + 2x x 2

dx

(1 x )

53.

117

2(3 4t )
2
5 + 1 + 2t
+
ln
+ C , t = x + x(1 + x ) .
2
51 t t
5 5
5 1 2t

x 4 5x 3 + 6 x 7

dx .
x 2 + 2x + 3
53
1 3 9 2 9
2
ln x + 1 +
: x x + x + 6 x + 2 x + 3
4
2
2
4

+ x 2 + 2 x + 3 + C (x 1) .

5.

5.

+ 2n ,

119

nZ

( + 2n < x < + 2n) . . -

, . ,

dx

a sin x + b cos x + c .
1.
.
, .
. , . .

2dt
2
dt
dt
dx
= 2
=
=
.
= 1+ t
2
2t
t + t +1
sin x + 2
1
3

+2
t + +
1+ t2
4
2
2
2t + 1
x
=
arctg
+ C , t = tg .
2
3
3
2.

5.1.

R(sin x, cos x )dx

, , R . , , tgx
ctgx . .
5.1.1.

R(sin x, cos x )dx

1 t2
x
2t
( t = ctg ). sin x =
, cos x =
,
2
1+ t2
1+ t 2
2dt
, x = 2arctgt , dx =
1+ t2

dx

sin x + 2 .

cos xdx

sin x(1 cos x ) .

. t = tg

x
,
2

1 t 2 2tdt

2
1 + t 2 1 + t 2 = 1 1 t dt = 1 dt dt =
2t 1 t 2 2 t 2
2 t2

1
1 + t 2 1 + t 2
1 t
1
x 1 x
= + C = ctg tg + C .
2t 2
2
2 2 2

x
t = tg
2


, , .

R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x )


sin x , ..
x R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x )
t = cos x .

, t = tg

x

2

5.1.2. ,

..

120

5.

1. tgxdx .

5.1.3. ,

sin xdx
d (cos x )
=
= ln cos x + C ,
cos x
cos x

+ n, n Z .
x
2

sin x + sin 3 x dx
n

2.
x + ,n Z .
4 2
cos 2 x

sin x 1 + sin 2 x
1 2 sin 2 x
sin x , t = cos x .
2
2
sin x = 1 t , sin xdx = dt ,
1 3
t2
2 cos 2 x ( d cos x )
t 2 2 dt
2 2 dt = t
=
=
2
2

1
2
2 cos x 1
2t 1

2 t 2
2

1
1
t
cos x
cos
x
3
3
dt
t
2
2
3 ln
ln

=
+C =
+C .
1
2
4 2 1 2 4 2
1
4
2
t
t+
cos x +
2
2
2

1.

(cos

t = sin x .

sin x ,

2tdt
1 udu
tdt
= 1
+
= 2
2
2
9
2 u 4
2 3
4 t + 3t + 16
t + 4
4

2
1
2
cos x
du
3
3
3
1
2 +C.
+ 2
= ln cos x + 4 + ln
7
4 u 4
4
2
16
cos x +
2

x + cos 5 x dx
.
sin 2 x + sin 4 x
3

(cos

x + cos 4 x cos x

1 cos x + 1 cos 2 x
2

x ,

t = sin x . (x n, n Z ) :

(1 t )(2 t )dt =
2

t2 + t4

2
6
2

= 1 + 2
dt = sin x
6arctg (sin x ) + C .
2
sin x
1+ t
t
cos xdx
2.
.
4
cos x + sin 4 x + 2 sin 2 x + 1
. ,
, t = sin x :

(1 sin x )
2

sin 2 xdx

3.
x + 2n, n Z .
2
3
4 cos x + 12 cos x 7

.
t = cos x .

R(sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x ) ,

. ,

R(sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x )

R sin x, cos x
cos x , .. x

tgxdx =

121

d (sin x )

+ sin 4 x + 2 sin 2 x + 1

t+ 2
t 2
1
1
dt
1
=
dt
dt =
4

2
2
2 t +1 4 2 t + t 2 +1
4 2 t t 2 +1
1
sin 2 x + 2 sin x + 1
=
+
ln
8 2 sin 2 x 2 sin x + 1
1
+
arctg 2 sin x + 1 + arctg 2 sin x 1 + C .
4 2

5.1.4. ,

))

R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x )

R sin x, cos x , .. x

..

122

5.

R( sin x, cos x ) = R(sin x, cos x ) ,

t = tgx , + n < x < + n ( t = ctgx , n < x < + n ),


2
2
t
1
n Z . sin x =
, cos x =
, x = arctgt ,
1+ t 2
1+ t2
dt
. , dx =
1+ t2
dx
.

2
a sin x + b sin x cos x + c cos 2 x

tg

1.

xdx .

cos x , (tgx 1) :
sin x
dx
tgxd (tgx )
cos x
sin x cos 2 x = 1 + tgx = ln 1 + tgx + tgx + C .
+ 1

cos x
. R(u , v ) u v

,
5.1.15.1.3:

R(u, v ) = R (u , v ) R ( u , v ) + R ( u , v ) R ( u ,v ) + R ( u ,v ) + R (u , v )
2

tg 2 x
dx
. tg xdx = tg x cos x
d (tgx ) =
=
cos 2 x 1 + tg 2 x
2

R(u, v ) = R1 (u, v ) + R2 (u, v ) + R3 (u, v ) , R1 (u, v )

5.2. sin n x cos m xdx

sin 2 x
1 cos 2 x
dx
=
=
dx
tg
xdx

cos 2 x
cos 2 x dx = cos 2 x dx =
= tgx x + C .

5.2.1.

cos x(tg
2

( )

2 2

ln

tgx + 1 2
tgx + 1 + 2

sin xdx
.
3.
2
cos x(sin x + cos x )

xdx , cos n xdx (n N )

1
(1 cos 2 x ) , cos 2 x = 1 (1 + cos 2 x ) ,
2
2
3
sin
sin
3
3
cos x + cos 3 x
x

x
3
, cos x =
,
sin 3 x =
4
4
3 4 cos 2 x + cos 4 x
3 + 4 cos 2 x + cos 4 x
4
, cos x =
.
sin 4 x =
8
8
sin 2 x =

dx
dtgx
d (tgx + 1)
= 2
=
x + 2tgx 1)
tg x + 2tgx 1
(tgx + 1)2 2

sin

,
:

dx
.
x + 2 sin x cos x cos 2 x

(tg 2 x + 1) 1
d (tgx )
d (tgx ) = d (tgx )
=
2
1 + tg x
1 + tg 2 x

= tgx arctg (tgx ) + C = tgx x + C x + n, n Z .


2

sin

u , R2 (u, v ) v ,
R3 (u, v ) u v . -

2.

123

+ C tgx 1 2 .

(. 5).

sin

1. sin xdx .
.

xdx =

1
(3 sin x sin 3x )dx = 3 cos x + 1 cos 3x + C .

4
3
4

..

124

5.

5.

:
3

cos
(1 cos x )sin xdx = (1 cos x )d (cos x ) = 3
2

. sin

.
:

2. sin xdx .

xdx =

I n = sin n xdx (n N , n > 2) .

cos x + C .

1
(3 4 cos 2 x + cos 4 x )dx =
8

+ (n 1) sin

3
1
1
x sin 2 x + sin 4 x + C .
8
4
32

I n = sin n 1 xd cos x = cos x sin n 1 x +


n2

x cos 2 xdx = cos x sin n 1 x + + (n 1)I n 2 (n 1)I n ,

I n =

, :
2

1
1 + cos 4 x
1 cos 2 x
2 dx = 4 1 2 cos 2 x + 2 dx =
1
= (3 4 cos 2 x + cos 4 x )dx ..
8

. cos xdx = (1 sin x ) cos xdx = (1 t ) dt =


2
2
1
= (1 2t + t )dt = t t + t + C = sin x sin x +
3
3
5
5

3. cos xdx .

2 2

1
+ sin 5 x + C .
5
4.
.

cos

xdx .

1 + cos 2 x
(cos x ) dx = 2
2

dx =

1
x 3
(
1 + 3 cos 2 x + 3 cos 2 2 x + cos 3 2 x )dx = + sin 2 x +

8
8 16
x
3
3x
3 1 + cos 4 x
1
+
+
dx + (1 sin 2 2 x )cos 2 xdx = + sin 2 x +
8 16
16
8
2
8
3
5x 1
1
1
+ sin 2 x + cos 2 xdx sin 2 2 xd (sin 2 x ) =
+ sin 2 x +
64
16 4
8
16
3
1
+ sin 4 x
sin 3 2 x + C .
64
48
=

125

1
((n 1)I n2 cos x sin n1 x ), n = 3,4,5,...
n

5.2.2. ,

n m

n m , ,
, 2-, 3-, 4-
.. :

1
1
1
sin 2 x , sin 2 x = (1 cos 2 x ) , cos 2 x = (1 + cos 2 x ) .
2
2
2
2
4
1. sin x cos xdx .

sin x cos x =

1
1 1 + cos 2 x 1 cos 4 x
cos 2 x sin 2 2 xdx =

dx =

4
4
2
2
1
x sin 2 x
= (1 + cos 2 x cos 4 x cos 2 x cos 4 x )dx =
+

16
16
32
sin 4 x 1
(cos 2 x + cos 6 x )dx = x + sin 2 x sin 4 x

64
32
16
32
64
sin 2 x sin 6 x
x sin 2 x sin 4 x sin 6 x

+C =
+

+C .
64
192
16
64
64
192

sin x cos xdx .


. sin x cos xdx = (sin x cos x )
4

2.

sin 2 xdx =

1
sin 2 x 1 cos 2 x
2
=

dx = sin 2 x(1 cos 2 x )dx =
2
8
2

1
1
1
(1 cos 4 x )dx
= sin 2 2 xdx sin 2 2 x cos 2 xdx =
8
16
8

..

126

5.2.4. ,

1
x
1
1
sin 2 2 xd (sin 2 x ) =
sin 4 x sin 3 2 x + C .

16
16 64
48

5.2.3. ,

n m

n m , t = sin x ( m ) t = cos x ( n ).
2
2
2
2
cos x = 1 sin x , sin x = 1 cos x ,

3 cos x + cos 3 x
3 sin x sin 3 x
3
, cos x =
.
4
4
3
1. sin xdx .
sin 3 x =

sin

xdx = (1 cos 2 x )sin xdx = (1 cos 2 x )d (cos x ) =

cos 3 x
cos x + C .
3
5
4
2. sin x cos xdx .
=

sin

x cos 4 xdx = sin 4 x cos 4 xd (cos x) =

= (1 cos 2 x ) cos 4 xd (cos x) =

1
2
= cos 4 x 2 cos 6 x + cos 8 x d (cos x ) = cos 5 x + cos 7 x
5
7
1
= cos 9 x + C .
9
3.

sin x

cos x

cos x

dx .

.
t = cos x :

3
= t + 3t
5

(1 t )t

+C =

4
3

3
sin x cos
2
3

dt = (t t

4
3

4
3

xdx -

)dt =

33
3

+ C x + n, n Z .
cos 5 x + 3
2
5
cos x

127

n m

n m ( ), t = tgx ( t = ctgx )

1 + tg 2 x =

1
1
2
2
2
, 1 + ctg x =
, cos x + sin x = 1 .
2
2
cos x
sin x

,
( ).

dx
.
x cos 5 x
dx
dtgx
=
3
1
sin x
tg 3 x
cos 2 x cos 6 x
3
cos x
1 + tg 2 x

sin

1.

(1 + tg x ) dtgx = (1 + u ) du =
3

2 3

2.

sin

+ 3u + u 3 du =
u
tg x
u

1
3
1
1
3
= 2 + 3 ln u + u 2 + u 4 + C =
+ 3 ln tgx + tg 2 x +
2
2
4
2
2u
2tg x
n
1 4

+ tg x + C x
,n Z .
2
4

5
3

5.

dx
.
x cos 2 x

sin 2 x + cos 2 x
dx
dx =
. 1- .
=
sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x cos 2 x
dx
dx
n

,n Z .
=
+
= tgx ctgx + C x
2
2
2
cos x
sin x

2- . :

sin

dx
4dx
d (2 x)
=
= 2
= 2ctg 2 x + C .
2
2
x cos x
sin 2 x
sin 2 2 x

..

128

5.2.5.

dx

sin

dx

cos

5.

(n N )

dx
sin x =

n = 1 1 .
n = 2

dx
sin 2 x = ctgx + C ,

dx

cos x =

1
1
= 1 + tg 2 x
= 1 + ctg 2 x .
2
2
cos x
sin x

:

1 sin x
1
dx

+ 1
2n
x 2n cos x 2n cos 2 n 1 x
dx
dx
1 cos x
1
sin 2 n+1 x = 2n sin 2 n x + 1 2n sin 2n1 x .
1. )

dx

(1)
(2)

dx

sin x ; ) cos x .

. )

cos ecx =

cos xdx
d (sin x ) 1 sin x + 1
=
= ln
+C.
2
cos x
1 sin 2 x 2 sin x 1

, -

d (cos x ) 1 cos x 1
= ln
+C.
2
x 1 2 cos x + 1

cos

) cos x x :

d x +
2
du
dx

cos n x = m = sin m u .
sin x +
2

2 n +1

1
sin x
sin x

cos x :
dx
sin xdx
d (cos x )
sin x = sin 2 x = 1 cos 2 x =

dx

x
x
x
d
d
d tg
x
2
2
2
x x = 2 x x = x = ln tg 2 + C .
sin cos
cos tg
tg
2
2
2
2
2

, -

dx
cos 2 x = tgx + C .

n > 2 5.2.4:
x
d
du
1
dx
2
sin n x = n1 n x n x = 2 n1 sin n u cos n u ;
2 sin cos
2
2

cos

129

1
( sin x

x = n, n Z , ) :

(cos x 0) :

d x +
dx
2
dx
x
=
= ln tg + + C .
=

cos x

2 4
sin x +
sin x +
2
2

dx
.
2.
sin 4 x
1
dx
.
=
d (ctgx ) = (1 + ctg 2 x )d (ctgx ) =
2
4
sin x
sin x
1
= ctgx ctg 3 x + C ( x n, n Z ) .
3

dx

+ n, n Z .
3.

4
2
cos x

1
1
.
d (tgx ) = (1 + tg 2 x )d (tgx ) = tgx + tg 3 x + C .
2
3
cos x

..

130
4.

dx

sin

dx

sin

(2) n = 2 ,

1 cos x 3
dx
4 + 3 .
4 sin x 4 sin x

n = 1 ,
dx
1 cos x 1 dx
sin 3 x = 2 sin 2 x + 2 sin x .

dx

dx

cos x

sin x = ln tg 2 + C , sin 3 x = 2 sin

1
x
ln tg + C ,
2
2

dx
x
cos x
3 cos x 3
sin 5 x = 4 sin 4 x 8 sin 2 x + 8 ln tg 2 + C (x n, n Z ) .
5.

dx

cos

131

5.2.6. , n m ,

5.

u
d x +
d
1
2

2
. cos x 0
=
=
16
5 u
5 u
5
sin cos
sin x +
2
2
2

u
2 u
+
1
tg

4
dtg
1
1
u 1 (1 + z 2 )
2
2
dz =
dtg =
=
=
16
2 16
z5
16
5 u
5 u
tg
sin
2
2 cos 8 u
u
2
cos 5
2
1 1 + 4z 2 + 6z 4 + 4z 6 + z 8
1 4 1 2 3
=
dz =
z z + ln z +
5
16
64
8
8
z
1
1 4
sin x
3 sin x 3
x
+ z2 +
z +C =
+
+ ln tg + + C .
4
2
8
64
4 cos x 8 cos x 8
2 4

n m , ,
t = sin x ( m ) t = cos x (
n ). n m

2
2
sin x + cos x
.
dx
.
sin 3 x cos 4 x .
.

(sin

x + cos 2 x
dx
dx
sin xdx
sin 3 x cos 4 x dx = cos 4 x + 2 sin x cos 2 x + sin 3 x =
sin 2 x + cos 2 x dx
dx
1
1
2
=
+
=
+
+
2
3
3

sin x 3 cos 3 x
3 cos x
sin x cos x
1
x
cos x
1
1
x
+
+ ln tg + C =
+ 2
+ ln tg +
2
3 cos 3 x
2
2 2 sin x 2
cos x
2
cos x
5
x
+

+ ln tg + C x n , n Z .
2
cos x 2 sin x 2
2
2

5.2.7. , ,

n , m , 2
2
sin x sin x = 1 cos x , dx
(n N ) . m

cos n x
2
2
n cos x 1 sin x . n m , t = tgx .

,

sin 2 x + cos 2 x .
1.

sin 4 x
cos 5 x dx .

..

132

(1 cos x )
2

dx
dx
dx
2
+
=
5
3
cos x
cos x
cos x
cos x

sin x
5 sin x 3
x

+ ln tg + + C x
+ n, n Z .
=

4
2
2
4 cos x 8 cos x 8

2 4

dx =

sin 2 x
dx .
2.
cos 6 x
sin 2 x dx
2 2
cos 4 x cos 2 x = t (t +1)dt =
t5 t3
tg 5 x tg 3 x

= + +C =
+
+ C x + n, n Z .
5 3
5
3
2

dx
3.
dx .
sin x cos 2 x
dx
cos 2 x + sin 2 x
.
dx
=
sin x cos 2 x dx =
sin x cos 2 x
x
1
dx
d (cos x )
n

,n Z .
=

= ln tg +
+C x
2
2
sin x
2 cos x
cos x

5.

5.3. sin ax cos bxdx , sin ax sin bxdx ,

cos ax cos bxdx , sin ax sin bx sin cxdx .

():

1
(sin ( ) + sin ( + )) ,
2
1
sin sin = (cos( ) cos( + )) ,
2
1
cos cos = (cos( ) + cos( + )) .
2
sin cos =

t = tgx ,

5.2.8. , ,
.

n , m ,
t = cos x sin 2 x = 1 cos 2 x . , m
, n , t = sin x
2
2
cos x = 1 sin x .
sin 7 x
dx .
.
cos 2 x
3
(
sin 6 xd cos x
1 cos 2 x ) d cos x
=
=
.
cos 2 x
cos 2 x
1 3u 2 + 3u 4 u 6
1
1
=
du = + 3u u 3 + u 5 + C =
2
u
5
u
1
1

=
+ 3 cos x cos 3 x + cos 5 x + C x + n, n Z .
2
cos x
5

133

1.

sin 5 x cos 3xdx .

1
(sin 8 x + sin 2 x )dx = 1 cos 8 x 1 cos 2 x + C .

2
16
4

2.

sin 7 x sin 3xdx .

1
(cos 4 x cos10 x )dx = 1 sin 4 x 1 sin 10 x + C .

2
8
20

3.

cos 3x cos xdx .

1
(cos 4 x + cos 2 x )dx = 1 sin 4 x + 1 sin 2 x + C .

2
8
4

4.

sin x sin 2 sin 3 dx .

1
x
3x
x
cos cos sin dx =

2
2
2
3
1
x
5x
7x
11x
= sin + sin
+ sin
sin
dx =
4
6
6
6
6
3
x 3
5x 3
7x
3
11x
= cos cos cos
+
cos
+C.
2
6 10
6 14
6
32
6

..

134

5.

5.4. tg n xdx , ctg n xdx (n N )

n = 1 n = 2 1 2. n > 2
1
2
tg x =
1
cos 2 x
1
ctg 2 x =
1 ,
sin 2 x

dx
dx
, ctg n x m ,
m
cos x
sin x
n R , m

5.5. tg n x

1. tgxdx .
.
2.

tgxdx =
tg

sin xdx
d (cos x )
=
= ln cos x + C .
cos x
cos x

xdx .

1
1
= 1 + tg 2 x
= 1 + ctg 2 x
2
2
cos x
sin x
t = tgx , , t = ctgx .
dx
4
.
. tg x
cos 6 x
2
dx
1
4
4
. tg x
=
tg
x

2 d (tgx ) =
cos 6 x
sin x
2

tg

tg

1
2
1
= tg 5 x + tg 7 x + tg 9 x + C
5
7
9

xdx .

x
1dx = tg 5 xdtgx tg 5 xdx =
2
cos x
1
1
1

= tg 6 x tg 3 x
1dx = tg 6 x tg 3 xdtgx + tg 3 xdx =
2
6
6
cos x
1
1
1
1
1

1dx = tg 6 x tg 4 x +
= tg 6 x tg 4 x + tgx
2
6
4
6
4
cos x
1
1
1
d cos x
+ tgxdtgx tgxdx = tg 6 x tg 4 x + tg 2 x +
=
6
4
2
cos x

1
1
1

= tg 6 x tg 4 x + tg 2 x + ln cos x + C x + n, n Z .
2
2
6
4

2
1
= tg x 2 d (tgx ) = tg 4 x 1 + tg 2 x d (tgx ) =
sin x
4
= tg xd (tgx ) + 2 tg 6 xd (tgx ) + tg 8 xd (tgx ) =

sin 2 x
1 cos 2 x
. tg xdx =
dx
=
cos 2 x dx =
cos 2 x

dx

+ n, n Z .
=

dx
=
tgx

x
+
C

2
cos x

3.

135

5.6.

x + n, n Z .
2

dx

dx

a sin x + b cos x , a sin x + b cos x + c

1.

dx

a sin x + b cos x

t = tg

x
. 2

1
=
a sin x + b cos x

1
a + b sin ( x + )
2

sin =

b
a +b
2

cos =

a
a + b2
2

..

136

t = tg

5.

2dt
2t
x +
. dx =
, sin ( x + ) =
,
2
2
1+ t
1+ t2

x
d tg
2
dx
=
=
= 2
x
x
2 x
2 x
2 x
6tg 1
tg
(6tg + 1 tg ) cos
2
2
2
2
2
1
t 3 10
dt
ln
+C =
= 2
=
2
(t 3) 10
10 t 3 + 10

1
a +b
2

dt
=
t

1
a +b
2

ln t + C =

dx

a sin x + b cos x + c

2.

1
a +b
2

ln tg

x +
+C.
2

2dt
2t
x
, sin x =
,
t = tg . x = 2arctgt , dx =
2
2
1+ t
1+ t2
1 t2
cos t =
.
1+ t2
1.

dx

3 sin x + cos x .

. 1- :

= arcsin

dx

3 sin x + cos x =

dx

10 sin ( x + )
2dt
x +

,
dx =
t = tg
2
1+ t2
1
dx
, ,
=

10 sin ( x + )

dx

x
3 10
x

1
+ C sin ( x + ) 0; cos 0 .
=
ln 2
2

10 tg x 3 + 10
2
tg

2.

dx

sin x + 1 .

. ,
:

10
2t
sin ( x + ) =
1+ t2
2dt
1 1+ t2
1
1 dt
1
x +
=
=
=
ln t + C =
ln tg
+C,

2t
2
10
10
10
10 t
1+ t2
1
(sin(x + ) 0) .
= arcsin
10
2- :

137

3 sin x + cos x =

dx
x
x
x
x
6 sin cos + cos 2 sin 2
2
2
2
2

dx
sin x + 1 =

d
d x
x
4 2
2
=
= tg + C ,

2 2
cos 2
1 + cos x
2

4 2
x

3.

+ 2n, n Z .

dx

3 + sin x + cos x .

. t = tg

x
, 2

2dt
dt
1+ t2
= 2 dt
=
=
2

2
2
2t
1 t
t +t +2

1 7
+
3+
t + +
1+ t2 1+ t2
2
2

x
2tg + 1
2
2t + 1
2
2
=
arctg
+C =
arctg
+ C ( x + 2n, n Z ) .
7
7
7
7

..

138

5.7.

a sin

5.

dx
x + b sin x cos x + c cos 2 x

(ac 0) d (tgx) :

, .3.2.

dx
.
x + 2 sin x cos x cos 2 x
dx
dtgx
.
= 2
=
2
2
cos x tg x + 2tgx 1
tg x + 2tgx 1

sin

=
=

d (tgx + 1)

(tgx + 1)2 (

1
2 2

ln

tgx + 1 2
tgx + 1 + 2

5.8.

+ C tgx 1 2 .

dx

sin(x + a )sin(x + b) ,

dx
cos(x + a )cos(x + b) ,

dx
sin(x + a )cos(x + b) (a b)
dx

sin ( x + a )sin ( x + b )

sin a b

(sin(x + a )sin(x + b) 0) :
dx
1
sin ((x + a ) (x + b ))
sin (x + a )sin(x + b ) = sin(a b ) sin(x + a )sin(x + b) dx =
1
sin ( x + a ) cos( x + b ) cos( x + a )sin ( x + b )
=
dx =

sin (a b )
sin ( x + a )sin ( x + b )
cos( x + b )
1
cos( x + a )

dx =
dx
=
sin (a b ) sin ( x + b )
sin ( x + a )

1
sin (( x + a ) ( x + b ))
dx =

sin (a b ) cos( x + a ) cos( x + b )

1
sin ( x + a ) cos( x + b ) cos( x + a )sin ( x + b )
dx =

sin (a b )
cos( x + a ) cos( x + b )

sin ( x + b )
1
+C.
ln
sin (a b ) sin ( x + a )
dx

=
cos( x + a ) cos( x + b )
=

dx
dx
=
=
2
2
x + b sin x cos x + c cos x
(atg x + btgx + c ) cos 2 x
d (tgx )
dt
, t = tgx . , =
= 2
2
at + bt + c
atg x + btgx + c

a sin

139

sin ( x + a )
1
sin ( x + b )

dx =
dx
sin (a b ) cos( x + a )
cos( x + b )

d (cos( x + b ))
1
d (cos(x + a ))

dx =
dx +
sin (a b )
cos(x + a )
cos( x + b )

cos( x + b )
1
+C.
ln
sin (a b ) cos( x + a )
dx


sin ( x + a ) cos(x + b )
=

dx
=

sin ( x + a )sin ( x + b )
2

dx
=
..

sin ( x + a )sin x + (b )
2

dx
.
.
sin( x 1) cos x
dx

sin(x + a )cos(x + b) =

. sin x 1 cos x 0 :

( (

dx

sin( x 1) cos x =

dx

sin( x 1) sin x
2

..

5.

sin ( x 1) + x
1

=
dx =

sin 1 sin( x 1) sin x


2

sin (x 1) cos x + cos( x 1)sin x


1
2

2
dx =
=

cos1

sin( x 1) sin x
2

xa
x+a

sin
cos

1
2 +
2 dx =

=
xa
x+a
2 cos a
cos
sin

2
2


x+a
xa

d sin
d cos

1
2
2

=
x+a
xa
cos a
sin
cos

2
2

140

cos x

1 sin x cos(x 1)
1
cos( x 1)
2

dx =
+
+
=
dx =

cos1 cos x sin ( x 1)


cos1
sin ( x 1)
sin x

1 d (cos x )
d (sin (x 1))

=
+
cos1
cos x
sin ( x 1)
1
( ln cos x + ln sin (x 1) ) + C = 1 ln sin (x 1) + C .
=
cos1
cos x
cos 1

xa
sin
1

2 +C
ln
+ C =
+a
x
cos
a

cos
2
(cos a 0, sin x sin a ) .

1
xa
x+a
=
ln sin
ln cos
cos a
2
2

5.9.

dx
dx
dx
sin x sin a , cos x cos a , sin x cos a

dx

sin x sin a

cos a
xa
x+a
xa x+a
cos a = cos

sin x sin a = 2 sin


cos
:
2
2
2
2

dx
1
sin x sin a = 2 cos
a

1
=
2 cos a

cos

x a x + a
cos

2 2 dx =
xa
x+a
sin
cos
2
2

xa
x+a
xa
x+a
cos
+ sin
sin
2
2
2
2 dx =
xa
x+a
sin
cos
2
2

141

dx

cos x cos a

: -

sin a -

xa
x+a
xa x+a
sin a = sin

sin
:
2
2
2
2
x a x + a
sin


1
dx
2 2

dx =
cos x cos a = 2 sin a
xa
x+a
sin
sin
2
2
xa
x+a
xa
x+a
cos
cos
sin
sin
1
2
2
2
2 dx =
=

a
x
+
a
2 sin a
sin
sin
2
2
x+a
xa

cos
cos

1
2
2 dx =

=
x+a
xa
2 sin a
sin
sin

2
2

cos x cos a = 2 sin

..

142

5.


x + a
xa

d sin
d sin

1
2
2

=
=

x+a
xa
sin a
sin
sin

2
2

1
xa
x+a
=
ln sin
ln sin
sin a
2
2

xa

dx
sin x cos a -

dx

sin x sin a
2

dx
.

cos x cos a
2

dx
.
.
sin x sin 5
x 5 x +5
cos

dx
1
2
2
dx =

.
=
x5
x+5
sin x sin 5 2 cos 5
sin
cos
2
2
x5
x+5
x5
x+5
cos
cos
sin
+ sin
1
2
2
2
2 dx =
=
x5
x+5
2 cos 5
sin
cos
2
2

5
x
x+5

cos
sin

1
2 +
2 dx =

=
x5
x+5
2 cos 5
cos
sin

2
2


x +5
x 5

d sin
d cos

1
2
2

=
x+5
x5
cos 5
cos
sin

2
2

x5
2 +C .
x+5
cos
2
sin

a1 sin x + b1 cos x
dx ,
a sin x + b cos x
a1 sin x + b1 cos x + c1
a1 sin 2 x + 2b1 sin x cos x + c1 cos 2 x
,
dx
dx
a sin x + b cos x + c

a sin x + b cos x

sin

2 +C
+ C = 1 ln
x+a
sin a

sin

(sin a 0, cos x cos a ) .

1
1
x5
x+5
ln
ln sin
+ C =
=
ln cos
2
cos 5
2
cos 5

143

5.10.

1.

a1 sin x + b1 cos x
dx
a sin x + b cos x

(a1 sin x + b1 cos x )


(a sin x + b cos x ) (a cos x b sin x ) :
a1 sin x + b1 cos x = A(a sin x + b cos x ) + B(a cos x b sin x ) ,

A B . A B .
sin x cos x , sin x cos x . :

A =
a1 = Aa Bb
,

b1 = Ab + Ba
B =

a1 a + b1b
a2 + b2
ab1 a1b
.
a2 + b2

,
a sin x + b cos x 0 :

A(a sin x + b cos x ) + B(a cos x b sin x )


dx =
a sin x + b cos x
(a cos x b sin x )dx =
= Ax + B
a sin x + b cos x
d (a sin x + b cos x )
= Ax + B
= Ax + B ln a sin x + b cos x + C .
a sin x + b cos x
sin x 3 cos x
1.
dx .
4 sin x + 5 cos x

..

144

5.

. :

sin x 3 cos x = A(4 sin x + 5 cos x ) + B(4 cos x 5 sin x ) .


1 = 4 A 5 B
,
3 = 5 A + 4 B

, :

A = 11 41

B = 17 41.

sin x 3 cos x
4 sin x + 5 cos x dx =

11
17 d (4 sin x + 5 cos x )
11
17
dx
= x ln 4 sin x + 5 cos x + C .

41
41
41
41
4 sin x + 5 cos x

2.

a1 sin x + b1 cos x + c1
dx .
a sin x + b cos x + c

, :

a1 sin x + b1 cos x + c1 = A(a sin x + b cos x + c ) + B (a cos x b sin x ) + C ,


, sin x, cos x ,

a1 a + b1b
ab1 ba1
, B=
, C = c1 Ac .
2
2
a +b
a2 + b2
a sin x + b1 cos x + c1
, : 1
dx =
a sin x + b cos x + c
dx
= Ax + B ln a sin x + b cos x + c + C
,
a sin x + b cos x + c
A=

x
t = tg , (2n 1) < x < (2n + 1) , n Z .
2
2 sin x + cos x 1
2.
dx .
sin x cos x + 2
. (2 sin x + cos x 1) (sin x cos x + 2 ) , (cos x + sin x )
:

2 sin x + cos x 1 = A (sin x cos x + 2 ) + B (cos x + sin x ) + C .

145

A, B C :

2 = A + B
1
3

1 = A + B , A = 2 , B = 2 , C = 2 .
1 = 2 A + C

2 sin x + cos x 1

cos x + sin x

sin x cos x + 2 dx = 2 dx + 2 sin x cos x + 2 dx


dx
x 3
= + ln sin x cos x + 2
sin x cos x + 2 2 2
dx
=
2
x
x
2x
2 x
2 x
2 x
2 sin cos cos
+ sin
+ 2 sin
+ cos
2
2
2
2
2
2

x
d
x 3
2
= + ln sin x cos x + 2 4
=
x
2 2
2 x
2 x
cos 3tg
+ 2tg + 1
2
2
2
x
3tg + 1
x 3
2
+C.
= + ln sin x cos x + 2 2 2arctg
2 2
2
2

3.

a1 sin 2 x + 2b1 sin x cos x + c1 cos 2 x


dx .

a sin x + b cos x
, ,

a1 sin 2 x + 2b1 sin x cos x + c1 cos 2 x =


= (a sin x + b cos x )( A cos x B sin x ) + C sin 2 x + cos 2 x ,
2
2
, sin x , cos x sin x cos x , -

a1 = aB + C

2b1 = aA bB ,
c = Ab + C
1

..

146

5.

b(c1 a1 ) + 2ab1
a(c1 a1 ) 2bb1
a1b 2 + c1 a 2 2abb1
,
,
.
A=
B
=
C
=
a2 + b2
a2 + b2
a2 + b2

a1 sin 2 x + 2b1 sin x cos x + c1 cos 2 x


dx =

a sin x + b cos x
dx
= A sin x + B cos x + C
, a sin x + b cos x 0 .
a sin x + b cos x

2 sin x + 3 sin x cos x + 5 cos x


3.
dx .
sin x 2 cos x
2

. :

2 sin 2 x + 3 sin x cos x + 5 cos 2 x = ( A cos x B sin x )(sin x 2 cos x ) +


2
2
+ C (sin x + cos x ) .
A, B C :

2 = B + C

3
9
19
3 = A + 2 B , A = , B = , C = .
5
5
5
5 = 2 A + C

2 sin 2 x + 3 sin x cos x + 5 cos 2 x


dx =

sin x 2 cos x
dx
19
3
9
= cos x sin x +
=
5 sin x 2 cos x
5
5
x
2dtg
19
3
9
2
= cos x sin x +
=
x
x
5
5
5
2
2tg
+ 2tg 2
2
2
x 1
5
tg +
9
3
19
2 +C.
= cos x sin x +
ln 2 2
5
5
5 5
x 1
5
tg + +
2 2
2

147

5.11.
,
(,
.),
.
1.

cos ( x )dx .
2

x , x = t 2 , dx = 2tdt .
t2
2
=
2
t
cos
tdt
=
(
)
t
1
+
cos
2
t
dt
=
+ t cos tdt .
x dx

. t =

I = cos 2

( )

t2
1
t2 1
I = + t cos tdt = + t sin 2t + cos 2t + C =
2
2 2
4
1
x 1
= +
x sin 2 x + cos 2 x + C (x 0 ) .
2 2
4
x cos xdx
2.
.
sin 3 x
1
x cos xdx
xd (sin x )

.
= xd
=
=
3
3
2
sin x
sin x
2 sin x
1
1
x
dx
x
ctgx + C ( x n, n Z ) .
=
+
=
2
2
2
2 sin x 2
2 sin x 2 sin x

( )

3.

(2 x

( )

1 cos 2 xdx .

(2 x

1 cos 2 xdx = 2 x 2 cos 2 xdx cos 2 xdx =

1
1
1
= 2 sin 2 x x 2 sin 2 x 2 xdx sin 2 x =
2
2
2
1

x cos 2 x 1

= sin 2 x x 2 2
+ cos 2 xdx =
2
2
2

1
1

= sin 2 x x 2 + x cos 2 x sin 2 x + C =


2
2

2
= sin 2 x x 1 + x cos 2 x + C .

..

148
4.

x tg

xd (tgx x ) = x(tgx x ) (tgx x )dx =

x2

= x tgx
+ ln cos x + C x + n, n Z .
2
2

4
5. x tg xdx .

v( x ) , , ,

1
xdx =
1tg 2 xdx = tg 2 xd (tgx ) tg 2 xdx =
2
cos x
3
1 cos 2 x
tg x
tg 3 x
dx
tg 3 x
=

dx
=

+
dx
=
tgx + x + C1 .
cos 2 x
3
3
cos 2 x
3
tg 3 x
v( x ) =
tgx + x :
3
tg 3 x
tg 3 x

tg
xdx
=
x

tgx
+
x
tgx + x dx =

tg 3 x
1
d (cos x ) x 2
1

= x
tgx + x
1tgxdx

=
2
cos x
2
3
3 cos x
tg 3 x
1
d (cos x ) x 2
1 d (cos x )
= x
tgx tgxd (tgx )

+
=
3 cos x
cos x
2
3
3
tg 3 x
tg 2 x 4
x2

= x
tgx
ln cos x +
+ C x + n, n Z .
3
6
3
2
2

5.12.
,
. : .

R(sin x, cos x )dx ,

sin x cos x ,
.
1.

. , u = x, dv = tg xdx . -

tg

149

1. . , -

xdx .

. x tg xdx =
2

5.

sin

dx
.
x + cos 6 x

cos 2 x =

1 + cos 2 x
,
2

1 cos 2 x
1
6
6
2
, cos x + sin x = (1 + 3 cos 2 x ) .
2
4
dx
t = tg 2 x , 6
=
sin x + cos 6 x
dt
t
tg 2 x
4dx
=
= 2 2
= arctg + C = arctg
+C.
2
2
2
t +4
1 + 3 cos 2 x

sin 2 x =

2. .
2.

sin x cos x

sin x + cos xdx .

sin x cos x =

1
(sin x + cos x )2 1 , 2
2

+ n, n Z :
4

1
dx
sin x cos x
1
sin x + cos xdx = 2 (sin x + cos x )dx 2 sin x + cos x =
1
1
x
= (sin x cos x )
ln tg + + C .
2
2 2
2 8

3.

sin x
2 + sin 2 x

dx .

. ,

sin x
2 + sin 2 x

dx =

1
d (sin x + cos x )
+

2 1 + (sin x + cos x )2

..

150

5.

1
1
d (sin x cos x )
=

ln sin x + cos x + 2 + sin 2 x +


2
2 3 (sin x cos x )2

1
sin x cos x
+ arcsin
+C.
2
3
4.

sin 5 x
1 cos x dx .

t = 1 + cos x ,
dt
dx
A B Ct + D
sin x 1 + cos x = 2 t 2 (t 2 2) = t + t 2 + t 2 2 dt ,
A = 0, B = 1,
C = 0, D = 1 . ,
.

sin x(1 + cos x )


sin x(1 + cos x )
sin x
1 cos x dx = (1 cos x)(1 + cos x) dx = 1 cos 2 x dx =
sin 5 x(1 + cos x )
=
dx = sin 3 x(1 + cos x )dx = sin 3 xdx +
2
sin x
1
sin 4 x
+ sin 3 xd (sin x ) = (3 sin x sin 3 x )dx +
=
4
4
3
1
sin 4 x
= cos x + cos 3x +
+ C (x 2n, n Z ) .
4
3
4
5

+
7.
.

cos xdx

6.

sin x

1 + cos x

2 2

2 1 + cos x

ln

2 + 1 + cos x

sin 2 x

cos

x tgx

1 + cos x

+ C ( x n, n Z ) .

dx .

+ n, n Z .

(tgx ) 2 dx =

2t 4
dt
=
dt = 2t 2
4
1+ t
1+ t4

1
t+ 2
1
t 2
dt =
= 2t 2

2
2

2 2 t + t 2 + 1 2 2 t t 2 + 1

t+
1
1
dt
2

+
= 2t
dt +
2 t2 + t 2 +1
2 t + 2 2 2 +1 2

t
1
1
dt
2

= 2t
+
dt
2
2 t2 t 2 +1
2 t 2 2 +1 2

1 + 4 sin x
2
. t = 1 + 4 sin x , t = 1 + 4 sin x , cos xdx =
1
= tdt
2
cos xdx
1
t
1
1 + 4 sin x = 2 dt = 2 + C = 2 1 + 4 sin x + C .
dx

t = tgx , n < x <

3.
5.

1
1
t 2
ln
= +
+C =
1 + cos x t 2 2 t + 2

dx

sin x

. 1 cos x ( 1 sin x ),
1 m cos x (, 1 m sin x ), .
5

151

ln

t 2 + t 2 +1

4 2 t t 2 +1
t = tgx .
2

1
2 2

(arctg (t

))

2 + 1 + arctg t 2 1 + C ,

..

152
8.

sin 2 xdx

3 cos 4 x

5.

10.

dx
tgx

(tgx > 0) .

. t = cos x , 2 cos x sin xdx = dt ,


.. sin 2 xdx = dt . ,
2

sin 2 xdx
3 cos 4 x

dt
3t2

= arcsin

t
3

+ C = arcsin

cos 2 x
3

+C.

1.
2.
3.
4.

5.
6.

7.

8.
9.

tgx ctgx + C x
,n Z .
2

1
3x
n
dx

+C x
,n Z .
: ln tg
sin 3x .
3
2
3

x
dx
: tg + C ( x + 2n, n Z ) .
1 + cos x .
2
2
dx
1 x
: arctg tg + C .
5 + 4 cos x .
3
3 2
x
3tg + 1
dx
1
2
:
arctg
+C.
3 + sin x .
2
2 2

1
dx

x
sin x + cos x . : 2 ln tg 2 + 8 + C x 4 + n, n Z .
x
4tg + 1
2
dx
2
:
arctg
+C .
sin x + 2 cos x + 6 .
31
31
x
tg + 1
dx
2
+C .
: 2arctg
2 + sin x + cos x .
2
1
sin xdx
:
1 + 6 cos x + C cos x > 1 .
1 + 6 cos x .
3
6

(tgx + ctgx )

dx .

:
11.

1
2 2

ln

t2 + t 2 +1
t2 t 2 +1

1
2

arctg

t 2
+ C , t = tgx .
t 2 1

cos 4 x cos 2 xdx .


13. cos x cos 2 x cos 3 xdx .

sin (2 x )cos (3x )dx .


3

cos 5 x cos x

+C .
10
2
1
1
:
sin 6 x + sin 2 x + C .
12
4

sin 3x cos 2 xdx .

12.

14.

153

1
1
1
1
x + sin 2 x + sin 4 x + sin 6 x + C .
4
8
16
24

1
3
: 3 cos 2 x + 3 cos 4 x + 1 cos 6 x
cos 12 x + C .
cos 8 x +
192
16
64
48
128

dx

15.

sin x sin 2 x .

16.

sin (x + 1)sin (x + 7) .

1
sin (x + 7 )
ln
+ C (x + 1 n; x + 7 k , n, k Z ) .
sin 6 sin ( x + 1)

dx

cos(x 1)cos(x + 2) .
:

18.

1
1 sin x 1
n

ln
+C x
,n Z .
2 sin x 4 sin x + 1
2

dx

:
17.

1
cos(x + 2 )
ln
+ C x 1 + n; x + 2 + k , n, k Z .
2
2
sin 3 cos( x 1)

dx

sin x sin 4 .
: 1 ln
cos 4

x4
2 +C
x+4
cos
2
sin

(x 4 2n; x + 4 + 2k , n, k Z ) .

..

154
19.

20.

21.
22.
23.

24.

5.

dx

27.

cos x cos 3 .
x3
sin
1
2 + C (x 3 2n; x + 3 2k , n, k Z ) .
:
ln
x
+3
sin 3
sin
2
dx

sin 5 x cos1 5 x 2 1 + 2n;5 x 2 + 1 + 2k , n, k Z .

5x + 1
2
sin
1
2
:
ln
+C.

5 sin 1
5x + 1
2
cos
2
dx
1
:
arctg 2tgx + C .
1 + sin 2 x .
2
dx
1
tgx
:
arctg
+C.
1 + cos 2 x .
2
2

dx

1 + tgx x 4 + n; x 2 + k , n, k Z
1
1
: ln sin x + cos x + x + C .
2
2

1
1

: x ln sin x + cos x + C x + n; x k , n, k Z .
4
2
2

sin

x cos 3 xdx .

26.

sin

xdx .

xdx .
:

:
:

cos 4 x cos 6 x
+
+C.
4
6

5
1
3
1
x sin 2 x + sin 4 x + sin 3 2 x + C .
16
4
64
48

1 4
1

tg x tg 2 x ln cos x + C x + n, n Z .
2
4
2

cos 5 x
1
sin 3 x
dx
.
:

2
sin
x
+
+ C ( x n, n Z ) .
sin 2 x
3
sin x

1
2
sin 5x

29.
dx . :

cos x + C x + n, n Z .
4
3
2
3 cos x cos x
cos x

dx
n

.
cos x
3
x
.
: 1
30.
28.

sin

31.

sin

x cos 2 x

cos x

dx
x cos 2 x

2 sin 2 x

,n Z
+ ln tg + C x
2
2
2

,n Z .
x
2

1
cos x
cos x
3 cos x 15
x

+ ln tg + C .
2
4
2
cos x 2 sin x 4 sin x 8 sin x 8
2
dx
1
4tgx
32.
.
:
arctg
+C.
2
2
7 cos x + 16 sin x
4 7
7
dx
1
3tgx
33.
.
:
arctg
+C.
2
2
5 cos x + 9 sin x
3 5
5
:

: 2 x cos x + 2 sin x + C ( x 0 ) .
sin x dx .
3
3
1
1
35. x sin xdx . : sin x x cos x
sin 3x + x cos 3x + C .
4
4
36
12
36. x cos xdx .
: x sin x + 2( x cos x sin x ) + C .
37. e sin (e )dx .
: sin (e ) e cos(e ) + C .
1
38. ( x + 2 ) cos(x + 4 x + 1)dx .
: sin (x + 4 x + 1) + C .
2
39. ( x + 2 x + 3) cos xdx .
: ( x + 1) sin x + 2( x + 1) cos x + C .
1
40. x sin (x )dx .
: cos(x ) + C .
2
34.

dx

1 + ctgx .

25.

tg

155

2x

..

156

xdx
.
2
x
xdx
42.
.
sin 4 x
41.

sin

:
43.

44.

45.

50.

cos xdx
1 4 sin x + cos x
dx
2

sin 3 x cos 5 x

sin x + 2

+ C sin x < 6 2 .
6
2
: 2 ctgx +
tg 3 x + C (sin 2 x > 0 ) .
3
: arcsin

cos 2 x sin xdx .


2
1
ln 2 cos x + cos 2 x + C (cos 2 x 0) .
cos x cos 2 x
2
4

cos

1 + sin x

cos x

sin xdx
.
x 3 cos x + 2

1
2
sin x cos 2 x +
arcsin 2 sin x + C (cos 2 x 0 ) .
2
4

cos 2 x

: x

1
2

arctg

54.

dx
.
x 5 sin x + 6
:

55.

2
3
x ln 2 sin x + 3 cos x + C (2 sin x + 3 cos x 0 ) .
13
13

1
2

x
x
1
2tg 1
2
2
2
+
arctg
+C.
2 2
3
3

3tg
arctg

sin x + cos x + 1

2 sin x + cos x + 2dx (2 sin x + cos x 2; x + 2n, n Z ) .


3
1
1
: x + ln 2 sin x + cos x + 2 ln
5
5
5

sin xdx

sin

2tgx + C x + n, n Z .
2

2 sin x + 3 cos x .

2 cos x sin x
1 (sin x + cos x )
1
arctg
+ C .
ln

6 1 sin x cos x
3
sin x

dx .

sin 2 xdx
1 + sin 2 x .

cos x 1
+ C (x 2n, n Z ) .
cos x 2

cos 2 x cos xdx .

: arcsin
+ C x + n, n Z ; cos 2 x > 0 .
2
2 (1 sin x )

49.

157

cos xdx
(x + 2n, n Z ) .
x 5 cos x + 6
3
x 4
x

:
arctg 2tg +
arctg 3tg + C .
2
2
2
3

1
dx
tg 2 x
52.
.
:
arctg
+C.
4
4
sin x + cos x
2
2

sin xdx

53.
x + n, n Z ; sin x > 0 .
3
3
4
sin x + cos x

51.

2 sin x 1

48.

cos

: ln

:
47.

(x n, n Z ) .

: xctgx + ln sin x + C

1 xctgx
1

2 xctgx + 2 ln sin x + C ( x n, n Z ) .

2
2
3 sin x 2 sin x

:
46.

5.

56.

sin 2 x
1 + cos x
4

dx .

x
+1
2
+C.
x
tg + 3
2
tg

: ln cos + 1 + cos x + C .
2

6. , .

6.

. ,
shx chx

,
,
,

sh2 x
ch 2 x + 1
ch 2 x 1
2
, sh x =
shx chx = =

2
2
2
shx chx ch 2 x =

.. .

(a > 0)

6.1.
, ,
, , :
ch x sh x = 1 ;
: sh2 x = 2 shx chx , ch 2 x = ch 2 x + sh 2 x ;
2

1
1
2
, cth x 1 =
;
1 th x =
2
ch x
sh 2 x
ch 2 x + 1
ch 2 x 1
2
2
, sh x =
;
: ch x =
2
2

dx

:
sh x y = shx chy shy chx , ch x

)
th( x y ) =

y ) = chx chy shx shy ,


thx thy
cthx cthy 1
, cth( x y ) =
;
cthy cthx
1 thx thy

1
(sh(x + y ) + sh(x y )) ,
2
1
chx chy = (ch( x + y ) + ch( x y )) ,
2
1
shx shy = (ch( x + y ) ch( x y )) .
2
shx chy =

, ,

= ln x + x 2 a 2 + C ( x > a ) ,

(1)

x a
dx
1
xa
x 2 a 2 = 2a ln x + a + C ( x a )
2

(2)

.
1. , y = shx

R - y = Arshx = ln x +

159

(1)

dx
x2 + a2

= Arsh

x2 +1 , x R .

x
+C.
a

2. , y = chx , x 0 y = chx , x 0

y = Arch + ( x ) = ln x + x 2 1

y = Arch ( x ) = ln x x 2 1 .
, ,

- y = Archx = ln x

x 2 1 .
, x > a (1)

3. ,

x
= Arch + + C .
a
x2 a2
dx

x < 1 ,

- y = Arthx =

1 1+ x
; ln
2 1 x

..

160

6. , .

x > 1 ,

- y = Arcthx = =

1 x +1
. , ln
2 x 1

x
1
Arth + C ,

dx
a
a
a2 x2 = 1
Arcth x + C ,
a
a

x > a.

1.

x = a sht , t R .

dx

shx .

. ,

x 0

dx
):
(
sin x
x
d th
dx
dx
dx
x
2
shx = x x = x 2 x = x = ln th 2 + C .
2 sh ch
2th ch
th
2
2 2
2
2
2
2. sh xdx .
. sh 2 x =
=

1
ch2 x 1
2
, sh xdx =
2
2

xd (chx ) =

(ch

x 1)d (chx ) =

ch 3 x
=
chx + C .
3

ch

xdx .

ch
=

xdx =

(x 0)

1
(1 + ch2 x )2 dx = 1 1 + 2ch2 x + 1 + ch4 x dx =

4
2
4

1 3
1
1 3x
1

+ 2ch 2 x + ch 4 x dx = + sh 2 x + sh 4 x + C .

4 2
2
4 2
8

5.

cth

xdx .

1 + sh 2 x
ch 2 x
=
dx
sh 2 x
sh 2 x dx = cthx + x + C (x 0) .
shx
6.
dx . .
ch2 x
shx
1
1
d 2chx
ln 2chx + ch2 x + C .
=
ch2 x dx = 2
2
2
2chx 1
.

a + x dx
2

. ,

xa
dx , R x, x + a dx
x 2 a 2 dx , R x,
xa
x + a

x = a cht , t 0 ,

R(x,

4.

x <a

, , ,

3.

(2) :

R(x,

sh xdx .
. sh x shxdx = sh

161

(cg 2 x 1)dx =

1
1
1
x
ch 2 xd (2 x ) dx = sh 2 x + C .

4
2
4
2

7.

ch

ch

dx
2

8.

dx
2

x 3 th 2 x

x 3 th 2 x

dx =

dx . .
2

3
(thx ) 3 d (thx ) = 3 thx + C (x 0) .

chx ch3xdx .

. -

1
(ch( ) + ch( + )) ,
2
1
1
1
chx ch3xdx = 2 (ch2 x + ch4 x )dx = 4 sh2 x + 8 sh4 x + C .

ch ch =

..

162
9.

shx sh 2 x sh3xdx .

6. , .

163

6.2.

. ,

shx sh2 x sh3xdx = 2 sh2 x (ch4 x ch2 x )dx =


1
ch6 x ch 4 x ch 2 x
= (sh6 x sh 2 x sh 4 x )dx =

+C.
4
24
16
8
dx
.
10. 2
sh x ch 2 x
.

ch 2 x sh 2 x = 1 ,
:

ch 2 x sh 2 x
dx
dx
dx
=
sh 2 x ch 2 x sh 2 x ch 2 x dx = sh 2 x ch 2 x =
= cthx thx + C (x 0) .
shx ch x
dx .
11.
1 + ch 2 x
shx ch 3 x
shx chx((ch 2 x + 1) 1)
dx .
.

1 + ch 2 x dx =
1 + ch 2 x
t = 1 + ch 2 x , dt = 2chx shx dx . ,
1 t 1
t 1
1
1
dt = ln t + C = (1 + ch 2 x ) ln (1 + ch 2 x ) + C .

2 t
2 2
2
2
12. thx dx .
3

1 1+ t2
. t = thx . x = Arth (t ) = ln
( t < 1 ),
2 1 t2
2tdt
. ,
dx =
1 t4
t 2 dt
dt
dt
1 1+ t
2
=
thx
dx

1 t 4 = 1 t 2 1 + t 2 = 2 ln 1 t arctgt + C =
1 1 + thx
arctg thx + C (x 0) .
= ln
2 1 thx
2

,
, ( ),
.

R(e )dx ,
x

R ,

t = e .
.
x

1.

3 2 x 5 3 x dx .

. ( , ):
x
2x
3x
2 3 5 dx =

2.

1
x2

(2 3

5 3 ) dx = 2250 x dx =
x

2250 x
+C .
ln 2250

dx
.
x3

1
dx
1
3 = d 2
3
x
x
x

dx
1 2
1 2 1
= e x d 2 = e x + C (x 0) .
3
2
2
x
x
dx
3. x
.
e + ex

x2

. e ,
x

e :

( )
( )

( )

e x dx
d ex
dx
x
e x + e x = e 2 x + 1 = e x 2 + 1 = arctg e + C .
dx

4.

1 + e2x
x
x
. e - e

6. , .

..

164

dx
1 + e2x

dx
x

e 2 x + 1

= ln e
5.

+ e

e x dx
e 2 x + 1
2 x

d (e x )

(e )

x 2

+1

=
7.

+1 + C .

ex 1
dx .
ex +1

dx
x
3

x
2

1+ e + e + e

x
6

. t = e ,

ex 1
dx = t 1 dt =
. t = e .
x
t +1 t
e +1
t 1 dt
dt
dt
=

= ln t + t 2 1 +
=
2
2
2
t 1 t
t 1
t t 1
1
+ arcsin + C = ln e x + e 2 x 1 + arcsin (e x ) + C (x 0) .
t
3e 2 x + e x + 1
dx .
6. 2 x
e 2e x 3

. t = e .
x

3t 2 + t + 1 .
t t 2 2t 3 dt

t t 2t 3 = t (t + 1)(t 3) ,

3t 2 + t + 1
A
B
C
.
= +
+
t (t + 1)(t 3) t t + 1 t 3
,

3t + t + 1 = A(t + 1)(t 3) + Bt (t 3) + Ct (t + 1) .
t = 0 , A = 1 ; t = 1 , 2

1
31
.
B = . , t = 3 , C =
2
12
,

3e 2 x + e x + 1
1 dt 1 dt
31 dt
e 2 x 2e x 3 dx = 3 t + 2 t + 1 + 12 t 3 =
1
1
31
x 1
= ln t + ln (t + 1) + ln t 3 + C = + ln (e x + 1) +
3
2
12
3 2

dx
x
3

x
2

1+ e + e + e

31
ln e x 3 + C ( x ln 3) .
12

x
6

165

= 6

dt
dt
= 6
=
2
3
t 1+ t + t + t
t (1 + t ) 1 + t 2

x
C
ln1 + e 3 + Darctg e 6 + C1 .
2


3 .
x
x

1 + e 6 1 + e 3
=

x
3
ln
x x x

1+ e2 + e3 + e6

dx

8.

Adt
Bdt
Ct + D
Ax
6

+
+
dt
=
+
B
ln
1
+
e
2

+
t
t +1
6
1+ t

x
6

x e

3 3x

A = 6, B = C = D =

3arctg e 6 + C .
1

dx .

. u = x , dv = e dx , :
3

3x

x 3 3x 1 3x
x 3 3x
2
I = x e dx =
e e (3x )dx =
e x 2 e 3 x dx .
3
3
3
2
3x
u = x , dv = e dx , :

x 3 3x x 2 3x 1 3x
e3x 2
e e e (2 x )dx = (x 3 x 2 )
I=
+ xe 3 x dx .
3
3
3
3
3

3 3x

,
:

I = x3 x2

u = x , dv = e 3 x dx , -

) e3

3x

2 x 3x 1 3x 3
2
2 e3x
2

e
e
dx
=
x
x
x
+C.

33
3
3
9 3

..

166

6. , .

5.

6.3.
,
, , , (
), .
1.

ln xdx .

. u = ln x, v = x ,

1
ln xdx = x ln x x x dx = x ln x x + C (x > 0) .
2.

ln

xdx .

x > 0 ,
1
2
2
2
ln xdx = x ln x x 2 ln x x dx = x ln x 2 ln xdx =
= x ln 2 x 2 x ln x + 2 x + C .

3.

ln

xdx (n N ) .

. , :

I n = ln n xdx = x ln n x n ln n 1 xdx = x ln n x n I n 1 , I 0 = x .
,

I 1 = x ln x x + C ,
I 2 = x ln 2 x 2(x ln x x ) + C ,
I 3 = x ln 3 x 3 ( x ln 2 x 2( x ln x x )) + C .. (x > 0) .

4.

ln x
dx .
x

. 1 :
x

ln x
ln 2 x
=
dx
(
)
ln
ln
xd
x
=
+ C (x > 0) .
x

167

ln xdx .

. u = ln x, dv = x dx ,
2

x3
1 3 1
x3
x3
=
ln
x

dx
=
ln
x

+ C (x > 0) .
x
ln
xdx

3
3
x
3
9
dx
6.
.
x ln x ln (ln x )
dx
. ,
= d (ln (ln x )) ,
x ln x
x > 1:
dx
d (ln (ln x ))
x ln x ln(ln x ) = ln(ln x ) = ln ln(ln x ) + C .
2

7.

ln x
x dx .

. , -

ln m xdx (n R, n 1, m N ) , m :
1 n +1 m
m
n
m
n
m 1
x ln xdx = n + 1 x ln x n + 1 x ln xdx ,


,
ln x . n = 3, m = 3 .
, :
3

1
1
3 1
ln x
3
3
2
x dx = x 3 ln xdx = 2 x 2 ln x + 2 x 3 ln xdx =
1
3 1
1

= 2 ln 3 x + 2 ln 2 x + 3 ln xdx =
2 2x
x
2x

3
3 1
1 dx
1
= 2 ln 3 x 2 ln 2 x + 2 ln x + 3 =
2 2x
2 x
4x
2x
3 2
1
= 2 ln 3 x + ln 2 x + ln x + + C (x > 0) .
2
4x 3

..

168

6. , .

sin (ln x )dx ; ) cos(ln x )dx .

8. )

12.

. ,

I 1 = sin (ln x )dx = x sin (ln x ) cos(ln x )dx = x sin (ln x ) I 2

I 2 = cos(ln x )dx = x cos(ln x ) + sin (ln x )dx = x cos(ln x ) + I 1 .


,

x
(sin (ln x ) cos(ln x )) + C ,
2

I1 =

t = x 2 + 1 :
1
1 2
2
3
2
2
2
x x + 1 ln x 1 dx = 2 t ln (t 2)dt = 2 ln(t 2)d (t 3) =
1 t 4 dt
1
1
= t 3 ln (t 2 2 )
= t 3 ln (t 2 2 ) 2
3 t 2 6
6
3
(
x 2 + 1)
1 t 3
t 2

+ 2t + 2 ln
+C =
ln x 2 1

3
3 3
t+ 2
2
x2 + 7 2

x + 1 2 ln x + 1 2 + C ( x > 1) .
9
3
x2 +1 + 2

. t = x , dt = x (1 + ln x )dx :
x

10.

x ln x + 1 + x 2
1+ x2

) dx .

. ,

)(

= ln x + 1 + x d 1 + x
2

+ C (x > 0) .

)=

x ln x + 1 + x 2
1+ x

1 + x ln x + 1 + x
2

ln

(x +

) dx =
) dx =

= x ln x + 1 + x
2

= x ln x + 1 + x
2

) ln(x +

1+ x 2

) dx =

1+ x2 d 2 1+ x2 =

) 2 1 + x ln(x +
2

x ln x + 1 + x 2

)(

x = tht , t = 1 ln 1 + x
2

1 x

ax +b
1 x
ath t + b
dt
( 2t ) 2 = 2 (ath 2 t + b )tdt =
dx = 2
ln
2
1+ x
th t 1
ch t
1
2
2
= bt + 2a t th tdt .

t th tdt = td (t tht ) = t (t tht ) (t tht )dt = t


2

2 t tht +

ax 2 +b
1 x
2
2
x 2 1 ln 1 + x dx = bt + 2a ( t 2 t tht +
+ ln cht ) + C = (a + b )t 2 2at tht + 2a ln cht + C =

. ,

ax 2 +b
1 x
x 2 1 ln 1 + x dx .

+ ln cht + C . ,

1 + x 2 dx .

2
2
2
2
ln x + 1 + x dx = x ln x + 1 + x 2

13.

= 1 + x 2 ln x + 1 + x 2 x + C .

11.

x (1 + ln x )dx .

x (1 + ln x )dx = dt = t + C = x

. , .

x 2 + 1 ln x 2 1 dx .

x
I 2 = (sin (ln x ) + cos(ln x )) + C (x > 0) .
2

9.

1 + x 2 + 2x + C .

169

1+ x
1 1+ x
= (a + b ) ln
+ 2a ln ch( Arthx) + C =
ax ln
1 x
2 1 x
a + b 2 1+ x
1 x

=
ln
ln (1 x 2 ) + C ,
+ a x ln
4
1+ x
1 x

1
( x < 1) .
ch( Arthx ) =
1 x2

..

170

6. , .

6.4.


(, ,
). ,

P(x )arcsin xdx , P(x )arccos xdx , P(x )arctgxdx , P(x )arcctgxdx ,
()

P x x ,
. u

arcsin x , arccos x , arctgx , arcctgx , dv P(x )dx .


dx
1.

arcsin

x 1 x
d (arcsin x )
1
.
=
+ C (0 < x < 1) .
5
arcsin x
4 arcsin 4 x
arctg x dx

2.
.
x +1
x
5

= t +C = arctg
2

3.

( x )+ C

arccos xdx .

du =

1
1 x2

) d (1 x )

1
2

arctgxdx .

. u = arctgx , dv = dx , :

(x > 0) .

1 x2

dx = x arccos x

1 1 x2
= x arccos x
2
1/ 2

. ,

arctg

x dx = x arctg x

xdx

2 x (x + 1) =

6.

x arctg x

x+

( x) =
( x) +1
d

x + arctg x + C (x > 0) .

arccos xdx .

.
,

u = arccos x , x 2 dx = dv . , -

x3 x3
1 x 3 dx

=
+
arccos
xd
arccos
x
.
x arccos xdx =
3 3
3 1 x2

2

u = arccos x , dv = dx , -

1 d x2 +1
xdx
=
xarctgx

=
2 1+ x2
1+ x2
1
= xarctgx ln 1 + x 2 + C .
2
5. arctg x dx .

arctgxdx = xarctgx

= x arctg x

dx , v = x . ,

arccos xdx = x arccos x + x


1
1 x2
2

4.

u = x ,
2

= x arccos x 1 x 2 + C ( x < 1) .

1
1
dx = x arctg x

(
)
2
x
2
x
x
+
1

dt
2
. t = arctg x , x = tg t , dx = 2tgt
cos 2 t
arctg x dx
2tgt dt
t

= 2 tdt =
2
x +1
tgt cos t tg 2 t + 1
x

171

1
2

+C =

dv =

xdx

1 x2

( x 1) :

x3
x2
x3
1
arccos x
1 x2 +
arccos x x 2 d 1 x 2 =
3
3
3
3
3
2
3
x
x
2
1
(
1 x2 ) + C .
arccos x
1 x2
+ 1 x 2 d (x 2 ) =
9
3
3
3
2
7. (arcsin x ) dx .
. ,

(arcsin x )

dx =

..

172

= x (arcsin x )
2

+ 2 arcsin x d

2x

1 x2

arcsin xdx = x (arcsin x ) +

( 1 x ) = x (arcsin x )
2

2x + C
8.

+ 2 1 x 2 arcsin x

( x < 1) .

arctgx
dx .
x3

. ,

u =

6. , .

u = arctgx ,

dx
= dv .
x3

1
1
, v=

2
x +1
2x 2
arctgx
1
x 3 dx = arctgxd 2 x 2 =
1 dx
1
1
= 2 arctgx +
= arctgx 2 2 2
2x
2x x + 1
2x
2
1 1+ x x2
1
1
dx
dx =
+ 2 2
= 2 arctgx + 2 2
2 x x +1
2x
2 x (x + 1)
1
1
1 dx
dx
= 2 arctgx + ( 2 2 ) = 2 arctgx +
2 x
2x
x +1
2x
1
1
1 1

1
+ C (x 0) .
+ ( arctgx ) + C = arctgx 2 + 1
2
2 x
x
2x

9.

x arcsin (1 x )dx .

. ,

u = 1 x -

x arcsin (1 x )dx =
= (1 x ) arcsin (1 x )d (1 x ) arcsin (1 x )d (1 x ) =

1 u 2 du
u2
arcsin u

2
2 1 u2
udu
u2
1 u 2 du
=
arcsin u

2
2 1 u2
1 u2

= u arcsin udu arcsin udu =

u arcsin u +

u arcsin u 1 u 2 .

u 2 du

173

1 u2

u = sin t , t , :
2 2
2
t 1
1
u du
2
1 u 2 = sin tdt = 2 (1 cos 2t )dt = 2 4 sin 2t + C1 =
=

u
1
arcsin u
1 u 2 + C1 .
2
2

u2
arcsin u u arcsin u 1 u 2
2
u
1 1
1
1

( arcsin u
1 u 2 ) + C = arcsin u u 2 2u
2
2
2 2
2

2x 2 3
x+3
u
arcsin(1 x ) 2 x x 2
+C
1 u 2 1 + C =
4
4
4
(x (0,2)) .

x arcsin (1 x )dx =

arcsin x 1 + x 2
x 2 1 x 2 dx .
. t = arcsin x , (0 < x < 1) :
10.

t
1 + sin 2 t
arcsin x 1 + x 2
=

dx
x2
sin 2 t 1 sin 2 t cos tdt =
1 x2
t2
tdt
t2
t
2
+
=
td (ctgt ) =
=
1
+
sin
t
dt
=
2 sin 2 t 2
sin 2 t
2
(
t2
cos(arcsin x )
arcsin x )
= t ctgt + ln sin t + C =
arcsin x
+
2
sin (arcsin x )
2

+ ln sin (arcsin x ) + C =

(arcsin x )2
2

arcsin x

1 x2
+ ln x + C .
x

..

174

ax 2 + b
x 2 + 1 arctgxdx .
. t = arctgx , x = tgt

11.

bt 2
ax 2 + b
2
2
x 2 + 1 arctgxdx = t (atg t + b )dt = 2 + a t tg tdt .

6. , .

(shx chx ) dx .
3. sh(ax ) cos(bx )dx .

t2
(
)
(
)
(
)
t

tg
tdt
=
td
tgt

t
=
t
tgt

tgt

t
dt
=

+
t
tgt

2
+ ln cos t + C .

4.

12.

arcsin (e x )
e x dx .

arcsin (e x )
arcsin t
. t = e ,
dx =
dt =
x
e
t2
1
dt
1
1+ 1 t2
= arcsin t +
= arcsin t ln
+C =
t
t
t
t 1 t2

= e arcsin (e ) ln 1 + 1 e
x

2x

) + x + C (x < 0) .


2
2
sh xch xdx .

22x 1

1
1
sh 4 x x + C .
32
8

6.

2 2 x 1 3 2 x +3
6 2 x dx .

7.

2
x e 2 dx .

8.

(2 x

9.

x
e sin xdx .

2x

e
11. e

2x

2
ln 2

(2

1 arctg 2 x 1 + C (x 0) .
:

: 2e

x
2

2 x + 1)e dx .

:
:

14.

1 + ex

(x

+ 4 x + 8) + C .

x
2

+C .

ex
(sin x cos x ) + C .
2

1 2x
e (2 sin 2 x cos 2 x ) + C .
8
x
: sin e + C .
ex
x 6 + 3x 4 + 6 x 2 + 6 + C .
2

: 2( x 2 ) 1 + e x 2 ln

dx .
dx

1+ ex + 1 ex

1
2e x

x
2

( )

cos(e x )dx .
2

: 2 2 x + 6 x + 13 e

sin 2 xdx .

xe x

32 32
ln + C .
5 5

7 x
x e dx .

13.

x
3x

2 1 2
2 +2 2 +C.

ln 2 3

12.

1
1
sh 2 x ch 2 x + C .
2
2

ach(ax ) cos(bx ) + bsh(ax )sin (bx )


+C .
a2 + b2

dx .

:
1.

2 x 1dx .

10.

5.

bt 2
t2
ax 2 + b

arctgxdx
=
+
a
(
t

tgt

+ ln cos t ) + C =
x2 +1
2
2
ba 2
ba
t + at tgt + a ln cos t + C =
arctg 2 x +
=
2
2
ba
arctg 2 x + ax arctgx
+ ax arctgx + a ln cos(arctgx) + C =
2
1
1
).
a ln (1 + x 2 ) + C ( cos(arctgx) =
2
1+ x2

:
2

2.

175

1 +e x 1
1+ ex +1

+C.

( 1 e

1+ ex +

1
ln
4

( 1 + e 1)( 1 e 1) + C .
( 1 + e + 1)( 1 e + 1)
x

..

176

6. , .

e2x
e2x
1
dx
.
:
arctg
+C.
e4x + 4
4
2
e x + e2x
x
x
16.
dx .
: e 2 ln e 1 + C ( x 0) .
1 ex
2e 2 x e x 3
x
17. 2 x
: x + ln e 3 + C ( x ln 3) .
dx .
x
e 2e 3
e 2 x + 3e x + 16
18.
dx (x ln 2) .
e 4 x 16
x
13
7
1
3
:
ln( e x 2 (e x + 2 ) ) + ln (e 2 x + 4 ) 3 arctg e x + C .
32
16
16
2

15.

ln 2 x
x dx .
dx
.
20.
x ln x
ln x
21. 2 dx .
x
ln x
22. 3 dx .
x

19.

23.
24.
25.

x ln

xdx .

x ln 2 xdx .

ln x
x

5
3
(ln x )3 + C (x > 0) .
5

ln ln x + C (x > 0; x 1) .

ln x 1
:
+ C (x > 0) .
x
x
2 ln x + 1
:
+ C (x > 0) .
4x 2

1 2
x (2 ln 2 x 2 ln x + 1) + C (x > 0) .
4
3
8
4
2 2
: x 2 ln x ln x + + C ( x > 0) .
9
3
3

29.

: 2 x ln x 4 x + C

x3
x3 x2 x 1
ln (1 + x )
+
+ ln (1 + x ) + C (x > 1) .
3
9
6 3 3

cos (ln x )dx .


2

x x cos(2 ln x ) + 2 x sin (2 ln x )
+
+ C (x > 0) .
2
10
ln(cos x )

cos 2 x dx . : tgx ln(cos x ) + tgx x + C x 2 + n, n Z .


1
2
: cos x(1 2 ln cos x ) + C (cos x > 0) .
sin 2 x ln cos xdx .
2
x +1
: 2 ln x + x + C (ln x + x > 0; x > 0) .
x 2 ln x + x 3 dx .
x ln x
ln x
ln x + 1 + x 2 + C (x > 0) .
:
dx .

2
2 3
1+ x
1+ x

31.
32.
33.
34.
35.

36.

ln (

1 x + 1 + x dx .
: x ln

ln x + 1 + x 2

(1 + x )

2 3

)dx .

( 1 x +

37.

x
1 x

ln

x
1 x

38.

x 1
+ arcsin x + C
2 2

( x < 1) .

1
ln x + 1 + x 2 ln 1 + x 2 + C .
2
1+ x2

dx (0 < x < 1) .

: 1 x 2 ln

1+ x

(x > 0) .

x2 1 x 1
1
26. x ln 1 + dx . :
ln1 + + ln 1 + x + C ( x [ 1,0]) .
x
x 2 2
2

2
x
x
1
1
x
27. x ln
ln
+ x 2 ln 1 + x 2 + C (x > 0) .
dx . :
2
2
2 1+ x
4
2
1+ x
2
2
: x ln x + x + ln x + 1 x + C ( x [ 1,0]) .
28. ln (x + x )dx .

dx .

x ln(1 + x )dx .
:

30.

177

x
1 x

ln

1
1+ 1 x2 1
1 x2 + C .
+ arcsin x +
2
x
2

x arctgx ln (1 + x )dx .
3
1
x
x
: x (3 + x )arctgx ln (1 + x ) +
2

+1
arctgx ln 1 + x 2 + C .
2

..

178
39.

x arcsin xdx .

40.

xarcctgxdx .

41.

2
x arcsin xdx .

42.

43.

x arccos x dx .

44.

45.

arcsin x
x 2 dx .

(1 x )

2 3

x2
x
1
1 x2 + C .
arcsin x arcsin x +
4
4
2
2
x x +1
: +
arcctgx + C .
2
2
x3
2 + x2
:
arcsin x +
1 x 2 + C ( x 1) .
3
9
x3
x2 1
:
arctgx
+ ln (1 + x 2 ) + C .
3
6 6
2
x
1 1 2
:
x 1 sgn x + C ( x 1) .
arccos
x 2
2
arccos x 1 1 + x
:
+ C ( x < 1) .
+ ln
1 x2 2 1 x
:

arctgxdx .

x arccos x

6. , .

dx .

arcsin x
1+ 1 x2
ln
+C 0 < x 1 .
x
x

1 4
1
x arctg 2 x arctg 2 x
4
4
2
x
1
1
x 3 3x arctgx +
ln 1 + x 2 + C .
6
12 3
x
x
(x > 0) .
dx . : t tg 2 t tgt + t , t = arcsin
47. arcsin
x +1
x +1
1
arcctg (3 x )
2
: arcctg (3 x ) + C .
48.
dx .
2
6
1 + 9x
46.

3
2
x arctg xdx .

50.

: 1 x
2

dx .

1 x2
x + arcsin 3 (2 x )
1 4x 2

52.

2
arccos 2 x + C
5

( x < 1) .

dx .
:

1
1
1

1 4 x 2 + arcsin 4 (2 x ) + C x < .
2
4
8

1
1
ln 1 + 4 x 2 + arctg 2 (2 x ) + C ( x 0 ) .
8
3
1
:
arcsin 2 x + arccos 2 x + C x < 1 .
2

dx .

1 + 4x 2
arcsin x arccos x
1 x2

x2 2
x 2 + 1 arctgxdx .
3 + 2x 2
54. 2
arctgxdx .
x +1
x 3 arccos x
55.
dx .
1 x2
:

56.

: xarctgx

3
1
arctg 2 x ln 1 + x 2 + C .
2
2

: 2 xarctgx +

2 + x2
1 x 2
3

1
arctg 2 x ln 1 + x 2 + C .
2

6x + x3
arccos x
+ C ( x < 1) .
9

x 4 arctgx
1 + x 2 dx .
:

57.

dx .

53.

49.

x + arctg 2 x

x + arccos 2 x

51.

179

arctg 2 x x 3
x2 2
+ x arctgx
+ ln (1 + x 2 ) + C .
6
3
2
3

2x
arctg e
dx .
x
2

e 1+ ex

x
x
: 2e arctg e 2 arctg e 2 + x ln (1 + e x ) + C .



x
2

1. .. .
/: , 1995. 489.
2. .. /
.: , . . .-. -. 2. 1969, 800 ., .
3. .., .., ..
. 2 . .1.
. . ,
. ./ . .. 2- ., . .: . .
2000. 725 .: .
4. ..., ..., .. . . / . ... 2- ., .: - , 1985.
662 .
5. : . / ..,

( )

.., .., .. . ..4-


., . .: .-. -, 2001. 480 .
6. . 1./ ..,
.., .. . : , 1978. 696 .
7. .., .., .. . 2- . .1/ . . 5- ., . .:
. ., 1997. 304 .
8. .. :
./ .: , 1998. 416 .
9. . . / .
.. 3- . .: , 2000. 848.: .
10. : / .., .. 2- ., . .: ,
2003. 208 .: .
11. .. : IXX . . .: , 1983. 351 ., .
12. ./ .., .., .. 2- ., . .: , 2003. 199 .



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119992, -2, , , . ..
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119992, -2, , , . .. ,
2- , 627.
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