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TITLE : Relationship between increase in temperature and mass


2. AIM : To study the relationship between increase in temperature and mass
3. INFERENCE : Increase in temperature of a substance depends on mass of
the substance
4. HYPOTHESIS : When mass increases, increases in temperature decreases
5. VARIABLES :
(i) Manipulated : Mass, m
(ii) Responding : Rise in temperature, Δθ
(iii) Constant : Amount of heat provided / time of heating
6. APPARATUS AND MATERIALS
Water, 5 beakers 1000 ml, electrical heater 1000W, thermometer, stopwatch
and triple beam balance

0.40 kg water 0.50 kg water 0.60 kg water

0.70 kg water 0.80 kg water

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7. PROCEDURES :
(a) Five identical beakers are filled with water with mass, m = 0.40 kg, 0.50 kg, 0.60
kg, 0,70 kg and 0.80 kg . Mass of water in each beaker is measured by a triple
beam balance
(b) Thermometer is placed in the beaker filled with water of mass 0.40 kg and its
initial temperature, θ0 is recorded.
(c) Electrical heater is switched on for 1 minute
(d) Water in the beaker is stirred slowly
(e) Water is still stirred slowly after the electrical heater is switched off and the
highest temperature, θ1 is recorded.
(f) The rise in temperature, Δθ = θ1 – θ0 is recorded.
(g) Repeat the steps in (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f) for beaker of m= 0.50 kg, 0.60 kg, 0.70
kg and 0.80 kg respectively
(h) Plot a graph increase in temperature, Δθ against mass of water, m

8. TABULATION OF DATA:

Mass of water, m Initial temperature, Finial temperature, Rise in temperature,


/kg θ0 / OC θ1 / OC Δθ /OC
0.40 26 61 35
0.50 26 54 28
0.60 26 49 23
0.70 26 46 20
0.80 26 43 17

9. GRAPH:

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Increase in temperature, Δθ

Mass, m / kg

10. PRECAUTION STEPS :

(1) Water in beaker must be stirred frequently to ensure that heat is distributed evenly
in water.
(2) Make sure that the coil of the electrical heater is always immersed properly in
water during the heating process

11. EXTRA TASKS:

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(1) Plot a graph increase in temperature, Δθ against 1/m

(2) State the relationship between Δθ and 1/m

(3) In graph Δθ against m, calculate the gradient when m = 0.60 kg.