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EML

3701 HW #4

DUE 11:59 PM, TUESDAY, Nov. 10

Full points: 100;


Only submission through Webcourses2 in PDF format is accepted.
Late assignments are not accepted.
1. The y component of velocity in a steady incompressible flow field in the xy plane is
=

2
( ! + ! )!

Show that the simplest expression for the x component of velocity is


=

1
2 !

( ! + ! ) ( ! + ! )!

2. A useful approximation for the x component of velocity in an incompressible laminar


boundary layer is a sinusoidal variation from u=0 at the surface (y=0) to the freestream
velocity, U, at the edge of the boundary layer (y=). The equation for the profile is u=U
sin(y/2), where =cx1/2 and c is a constant. Show that the simplest expression for the y
component of velocity is

3. Which of the following sets of equations represent possible incompressible flow cases?

where a=2 m-2*s-1, b=2 s-1, and

4. Consider the flow field given by

c=1 m-1*s-1. Determine (a) the number of dimensions of the flow, (b) if it is a possible
incompressible flow, and (c) the acceleration of a fluid particle at point (x, y, z) = (2, 1, 3).

5. Consider the velocity field

in the xy plane,

where A=0.25 m-3*s-1, and the coordinates are measured in meters. Is this a possible
incompressible flow field? Calculate the acceleration of a fluid particle at point (x, y) = (2, 1).

6. In class we have discussed the water-slide flow: a liquid flows down an inclined plane
in a steady, fully developed laminar film. The inclined angle is . Now, we modify the
problem slightly by adding another plane that is parallel to the bottom plane, as shown
in the figure below. The gap between the two planes is h. The flow rate passing the gap at
per unit width is Q. Answer the following questions.
a.) Simplify the Navier-Stokes Equation for this problem along the x-direction.
b.) Solve the velocity flow profile u(y) along the x-direction.
c.) Find the average velocity along the x-direction.
d.) Find the location(s) of the maximum velocity.
e.) Find the location(s) of the maximum shear stress.

u(y)

7. A large mass is supported by a piston of diameter D=4 in. and length L=4 in. The piston sits in
a cylinder closed at the bottom, and the gap a = 0.001 in. between the cylinder wall and piston
is filled with SAE 10 oil at 68F. The piston slowly sinks due to the mass, and oil is forced out
at a rate of 0.1 gpm. What is the mass (slugs)?