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PROJECT :

CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Composite Beam Design with Verco Floor Deck Based on AISC Manual 9th
INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
BEAM SECTION

=>

FLOOR DECK TYPE

W8X18

=>

=>

A
5.26

d
8.1

Ix

Sx

62

245

W2-6 1/2" NW

RIBS PERPENDICULAR TO BEAM ?


BEAM SPAN
BEAM SPACING (TRIB. WIDTH)

(perpendicular)
ft
ft, o.c.

SUPERIMPOSED LOAD

Yes
L = 17.65
B = 5.12
ws = 162

BEAM YIELD STRESS

Fy =

50

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'=

ksi

SHEAR STUD DIA. (1/2, 5/8, 3/4)

1/2

in

NUMBER OF STUD IN ONE RIB

Nr =

lbs / ft2

(No Shear Stud Required.)

THE DESIGN IS INADEQUATE, SEE ANALYSIS BELOW


ANALYSIS
CHECK DIMENSION REQUIREMENTS (AISC-ASD I5.1, page 5-61)
t0 =
4.5
in
>
2
in
hr =

<

in

[Satisfactory]

in

<

3/4

in

[Satisfactory]

3.5
in o.c.

in
<

in

>

1/2
Hs = hr + 1.5 =
s=
wr =

DETERMINE COMPOSITE PROPERTIES


b = MIN ( L / 4 , B ) =

Ec

25.7

yb

37

I tr

d hr t 0 yb

Bottom:

fb

Top:

fc

Shear:

wB L

Sx

nS t
V max
dtw

S tr

46

M LL

M max

in, from steel bottom.

407

in4

in3, referred to steel bottom.

111

in3, referred to concrete top.

66.50

+(

3.50

) =

M DL

11.0

2
Actr t 02
Actr 0.5t 0 h r d y b
12

CHECK BENDING & SHEAR CAPACITIES


ws+ wwt= 162.00
w=

M max

[Satisfactory]

in2

I tr

in

in, (AISC-ASD I1.1, page 5-56)

Actr d h r 0.5t 0 0.5 Ad

Actr A

S tr

in
[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

, (ACI 8.5.1)

I tr I x A y b 0.5 d

St

>
2
14 4/4 in o.c.

52.95

9.29

Actr = b t0 / n =

yb

[Satisfactory]

in

ft-kips, (changeable).

11 ksi

V max

wBL
2

232.00 lbs / ft2 (total gravity loads)

10

kips, (changeable per actual).

0.9 Fy =
<
[Satisfactory]

18 0/4

ksi, (non-shored, AISC-ASD I2.2, page 5-57)

1.35

ksi, (AISC-ASD I2.2, page 5-57)

0.538

ksi

0.45 fc' =
<
[Satisfactory]

5.599

ksi

<

20
ksi
[Satisfactory]
0.4F y
(neglecting concrete & steel deck capacity conservatively)

(cont'd)
CHECK SHEAR CONNECTOR CAPACITY

'
V h MIN 0.85 f c Ac / 2

F y As / 2

Seff = Min[ Mmax / (0.66 Fy) , Str ] =

S eff S s

S tr S s

, 0.25
V h 158.434 kips, (AISC-ASD I2-1 & I4, page 5-57 & 58)

0.85
wr
Hs

1.0
, for Perpendicular


hr
N r h r

wr

wr
Hs
1.0
, for Parallel &
1.5

0.6
hr
h r

hr

q' = q =

< Sx, No Shear Stud Required.

in3, referred to steel bottom.

V 'h MAX

17

131.5 kips, (AISC-ASD I4-1 & I4-2, page 5-58)

5.10

1.000

< 1.0

, (AISC-ASD I5-1, page 5-61)

kips, (AISC-ASD I5.2, page 5-61)

Allowable Horizontal Shear Load for One Connector (q, kips)


(AISC-ASD Table I4.1 with coefficient Table I4.2, page 5-59)
min. Hs
Concrete fc'
Dia.
0.500
0.625
0.750

( in )
1/2
5/8
3/4

( in )
2
2 1/2
3

3.0
5.1
8.0
11.5

3.5
5.5
8.6
12.5

4.0 or Larger
5.9
9.2
13.3

2 N1' = 2 Vh' / q' =

63

, total number on the beam for partical composite action.

2 N1 = 2 Vh / q' =

52

, total number on the beam for full composite action.

n = MIN[ MAX(2N1' , 2N1/4) , 2N1] =

52

, total number required on the beam, (AISC-ASD I4, page 5-59)

CHECK INITIAL DEFLECTION / CAMBER AND STRESS ON NON-COMPOSITE (AISC-ASD I2.1, page 5-56)
wDL=
DL

100%

Self Wt =

5 w DL L 4
384 E I x

w DL L 2
8S x

0.36

kips / ft (100% self weight load only)

0.44

in

ksi

0.66 Fy =
<
[Satisfactory]

13 2/4

ksi

CHECK LIVE LOAD DEFLECTION ON COMPOSITE (AISC-ASD I2.1 page 5-56 & page 2-249)
wLL=

0.83

Ieff=

62

LL

5 w LL L

kips / ft (live load only)


in4 (AISC-ASD, I4-4)
4

384 E I eff

1.01

< == only steel used


in

>
L / 360 =
[Unsatisfactory]

0.59

in

Note:
The STUDS SPACING must be based on actual deck ribs spacing for perpendicular to beam. For the following total [15] studs, if ribs spacing
12" o. c., the minimum composte beam capacity is from
2 rows @ 12" o.c., not one row @ 8.57" o.c. See software
CompositeFloorBeamWithCantilever.xls on the website

www.Engineering-International.com
for more information.
Technical References:
1. AISC: "Manual of Steel construction 9th", American Institute of Steel Construction, 1990.
2. Alan Williams Ph.D., S.E., C.Eng.: "Structural Steel Design - Volume 1: ASD", ICBO, 2001.

PROJECT :
CLIENT :
JOB NO. :

PAGE :
DESIGN BY :
REVIEW BY :

DATE :

Composite Beam Design with Formed Steel Deck Based on AISC-ASD


INPUT DATA & DESIGN SUMMARY
BEAM SECTION
BEAM SPAN
BEAM SPACING (DECK SPAN)

=>

W16X40
L = 31.33 ft
B = 4.92 ft, o.c.
wDL = 96.3 lbs / ft2
wLL = 246 lbs / ft2

DEAD LOAD
LIVE LOAD
RIBS PERPENDICULAR TO BEAM ?

=>

SI

(perpendicular)

Fy =

50

ksi

CONCRETE STRENGTH

fc'=

ksi

TOPPING CONCRETE THICK.

t0 =

in

SHEAR STUD DIA. (1/2, 5/8, 3/4)

5/8

in

NOMINAL RIB HEIGHT

hr =

in

AVERAGE WIDTH OF RIB

wr =

in

BEAM YIELD STRESS

A
11.8

d
16.0

Ix

Sx

518

64.7

Nr =
NUMBER OF STUD IN ONE RIB
2
( Total 23 - 5/8 x 3.5" Shear Studs Required)

THE BEAM DESIGN IS ADEQUATE.


ANALYSIS
CHECK DIMENSION REQUIREMENTS (AISC-ASD I5.1, page 5-60)
t0 =
2
in
>
2
in
hr =
2
in
<
3
in
=

5/8
Hs = hr + 1.5 =
s=
wr =

in

<

17

3.5
in o.c.

in
<

in

>

DETERMINE COMPOSITE PROPERTIES


b = MIN ( L / 4 , B ) =

29000

57 f 'c

Ec

Actr = b t0 / n =

12.7

I tr

yb

92

I tr

d hr t 0 yb

in

[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]
in
[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]
[Satisfactory]

59.04

in, (AISC-ASD I1.1, page 5-56)

9.29

, (ACI 8.5.1)

in2

I tr I x A y b 0.5d
S tr

in

>
2.5
14 4/4 in o.c.

Actr d h r 0.5t 0 0.5 Ad

Actr A

yb

St

3/4

[Satisfactory]

13.7

in, from steel bottom.

2
Actr t 02
Actr 0.5t 0 h r d y b
12

1263

in4

in3, referred to steel bottom.

201

in3, referred to concrete top.

CHECK BENDING & SHEAR CAPACITIES


w=

342

M max

Bottom:

Top:

Shear:

fb
fc
f

lbs / ft2 (total gravity loads)

wB L 2

M DL
Sx

M max
nS t
V max
dtw

M LL
S tr

207

1.331

ft-kips, (changeable).

30 ksi

ksi

0.9 Fy =
<
[Satisfactory]
<

0.45 fc' =

V max

wBL
2

26

kips, (changeable per actual).

18 0/4

ksi, (non-shored, AISC-ASD I2.2, page 5-57)

1.35

ksi, (AISC-ASD I2.2, page 5-57)

[Satisfactory]

9.190

ksi

<

0.4F y

20
ksi
[Satisfactory]
(neglecting concrete & steel deck capacity conservatively)

(cont'd)
CHECK SHEAR CONNECTOR CAPACITY

'

V h MIN 0.85 f c Ac / 2

F y As / 2

Seff = Min[ Mmax / (0.66 Fy) , Str ] =

S eff S s

S tr S s

V 'h MAX

0.85

N r

wr


h r

q' = q =

75

150.552 kips, (AISC-ASD I4-1 & I4-2, page 5-58)

in3, referred to steel bottom.

, 0.25
Vh

37.64 kips, (AISC-ASD I2-1 & I4, page 5-57 & 58)

H s 1.0

hr

1.000

8.00

< 1.0

, (AISC-ASD I5-1, page 5-61)

kips, (AISC-ASD I5.2, page 5-61)

Allowable Horizontal Shear Load for One Connector (q, kips), (AISC-ASD Table I4.1, page 5-59)
min. Hs
Concrete fc'
Dia.
0.500
0.625
0.750

( in )
1/2
5/8
3/4

( in )
2
2 1/2
3

3.0
5.1
8.0
11.5

3.5
5.5
8.6
12.5

4.0 or Larger
5.9
9.2
13.3

2 N1' = 2 Vh' / q' =

10

, total number on the beam for partical composite action.

2 N1 = 2 Vh / q' =

38

, total number on the beam for full composite action.

n = MIN[ MAX(2N1' , 2N1/4) , 2N1] =

23

, total number required on the beam, (AISC-ASD I4, page 5-59)

CHECK INITIAL DEFLECTION / CAMBER AND STRESS ON NON-COMPOSITE (AISC-ASD I2.1, page 5-56)
wDL=

DL
f

0.47

kips / ft (dead load only)

5 w DL L 4
384 E I x
w DL L 2
8S x

11

0.68

in

ksi

0.66 Fy =
<
[Satisfactory]

13 2/4

ksi

CHECK LIVE LOAD DEFLECTION ON COMPOSITE (AISC-ASD I2.1 page 5-56 & page 2-249)
wLL=

1.21

Ieff=

890

LL

5 w LL L

kips / ft (live load only)


in4 (AISC-ASD, I4-4)
4

384 E I eff

1.02

in

<
L / 360 =
[Satisfactory]

Technical References:
1. AISC: "Manual of Steel construction 9th", American Institute of Steel Construction, 1990.
2. Alan Williams Ph.D., S.E., C.Eng.: "Structural Steel Design - Volume 1: ASD", ICBO, 2001.

1.04

in