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Problem Set 1 (PS1) Due Tuesday January 24

1. Air at 80 kPa, 27 C and 220 m/sec enters a diffuser at a rate of


3 kg/sec and leaves at 42 C. The exit area of the diffuser is 400 square cm.
The air looses heat a a rate of 18 kJ/sec. Determine the exit velocity and
the exit air pressure
2. In an insulated heat exchanger air is heated at atmospheric pressure
from 25 C to 100 C and 2 kg/sec of water is cooled at atmospheric pressure
from 150 C to 100 C. What is the entropy change for the air stream, the
water stream and for the overall heat transfer process?
3. 3 lbs of air is expanded in an adiabatic isentropic process from 500 R and
a gage pressure 200 psi to a gage pressure off 100 psi. Atmospheric pressure
is 14.6 psi. What are the temperature, pressure, specific density and total
volume at the end of the process ?

1
80 kPa
220 m/sec
3 kg/sec
27 C
3000.15 K

PS1.1

2
400 square cm
42 C
315.15 K
18 kJ/sec

steady flow energy equation

u12
u 22
+ Q = m c p T2 +

m c p T1 +
2 1000
2 1000

220 2
u 22
+ 18 kJ/sec = 3kg 1.005 315.15

3 kg1.005 300.15
2000
2000

941 + 18 = 950.18 + .0015 u 22


u 2 = 76.7 m/sec
continuity equation
m = 2 A2 u 2
ideal gas law
p
m = 2 A2 u2
R T2
p2 =

m R T2 3 8.324 kPa/kgmole K 315.5 K


=
= 88.46 kPa
A2u 2
28.97 .04 m 2 76.68 m/sec

PS1.2

energy balance
1
150 C

2
100 C

3
100 C

Q water = Q air
m water c p (T1 T2 ) = m air c p (T1 T2 )

m air
4
25 C

2 kg 4.18 kJ/kg K (150 100)


1.005 kJ/ kg K (100 25)
= 5.5kg/sec

m air =

entropy change
s

p
T
Sair = m air c p ln 2 R ln 2
p1
T1
373.15
Sair = 5.5 1.005 ln
= +1.228 kJ/K
298.15

373.15
Swater = 2 4.18 ln
= 1.0512 kJ/K
423.15
Sprocess = Sair + Swater = +1.228 1.0512
Sprocess = +.177 kJ/K
Sisolated 0
system

PS 1.3

p1

ideal gas law

p2

p
214.6 lbf/in 2 144 in 2 /ft 2
=
1 =
RT 1545.15 ft lbf/lbmole 500 R
28.97
1 = 1.158 lbm/ft 3

1
T

isentropic process
1

.2857

T2 p 2
114.6
= =
= .8359

T1 p1
214.6

T2 = 500 .8359 = 417.96 R


1

.7143

2 p2
114.6
= =
= .6388

1 p1
214.6

2 = .6388 1.158 = .7398 lbm/ft 3


V2 =

m 3 lbm
=
= 4.055 ft 3
.7398