Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 320

:

5
1
()
3- ,

2013

811.161.1
, ..
: 5 : 1 (). 3-
., . . : , 2013. 320 .
Esmantova, T.L.
Russian language: 5 elements : level A1 (elementary). 3rd ed.,
revised. St. Petersburg : Zlatoust, 2013. 320 p.
:
...,
.. ;
... ..
: ... ..
: ..
: .. , ..
: ..
-: ..
: .. , ..
,
, .

,
.
:
, 1 () + ;
, 2 () + ;
, 1 ( ) + ;
( ; );
( , );
( , , ,
, ).

ISBN 978-5-86547-370-1

.. (), 2008
(-
, , ), 2008
.. (), 2008
.. (), 2011,
.. (), 2013,

- .
05.03.13. 6090/8. . . . 40. 5000 . 1109.
: 005-93-953005.
-
78.01.07.953..011312.06.10 30.06.2010 .
: 197101, .-, ., . 24, . 24.
.: (+7-812) 346-06-68, 703-11-54; : (+7-812) 703-11-79; e-mail: sales@zlat.spb.ru, editor@zlat.spb.ru;
http://www.zlat.spb.ru.
.
196084, -, . . , . 28. .: (+7-812) 388-90-00.


.............................................................................................................................. 4
- ............................................................................................... 9
I. . () ........................................................................................... 10
II. (/ ) ................................................. 13
III. (). ( );
( , , j,
) ..................................... 15
IV. (400 ). .................................. 18
V. ............................................................................................................................ 24
I ( 15). ..................................................................................... 25
1 () ............................................................................................................. 26
2 () .............................................................................................................. 38
3 () .............................................................................................................. 49
4 () ......................................................................................................... 63
5 () ............................................................................................................... 74
I ..................................................................................................... 87
II ( 610). .................................................................................. 89
6 () ............................................................................................................. 90
7 () ......................................................................................................... 100
8 () ......................................................................................................... 116
9 () .......................................................................................................... 125
10 () ........................................................................................................ 143
II .................................................................................................. 157
III ( 1115). ............................................................................ 159
11 () .............................................................................................. 160
12 () ................................................................................................ 171
13 () ................................................................................................. 186
14 () ............................................................................................. 197
15 () ................................................................................................. 206
III ................................................................................................. 220
IV ( 1620). ............................................................................ 223
16 () .............................................................................................. 224
17 () ................................................................................................ 239
18 () ............................................................................................ 246
19 () ............................................................................................. 259
20 () .................................................................................................... 273
IV ................................................................................................. 283
:
1. .
1/1+ ( ) .......................................... 286
2. 120 .................................................................................................. 287
3. ................................................................................................................... 293
4. .............................................................................................. 297
5. ............................................................................................................................ 313
6. - .......................................................................... 319
7. ........................................................................................................ 3- .

Dear students!

,
, , ?
!
!
.
, :
5 .

Would you like to go to Russia or just to learn more


about this country, about Russian culture and mentality
but you dont know how to start it?
With Russian Language! Language is the best
ticket to a new country! And studing of a new language
is an involving intellectual journey.
We hope our book Russian Language:
5 elements serves you in this journey.

!
-
: 5 ,
.

, ; , ; ( ,
)
, .
,
, , , .

- ,
,
.


- .

-
, : .
-

- :
1) (3 1, 2 1);
2) ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) .
1.
,

, , .

, , ,
()1.

60 4 . 5 .
:
1 ( ), 2 (), 1 ( ).
, .
(
) , .
100
130 , . . 46
(20 ). :
1) ,
2) ,
3) ,
4) ( ) .
-
,
:
I. (
), ().
:
) , ,
, ) ,
,
1
: , , . ( ), 2001.
( ), 2005.
www.coe.int/portfolio

.. . : 5

(

,

), ) ,
,
, )
, .
II. .

(-1, 2 3) ? /
?,
, /
/
-? / ?,
.
III. ().
( )
( , )
.
IV. (400 ) .
, . .
V. . 20 .
.
( IIV, 120) 1 -
- :
, ; , ?,
?, ( ).
, -,
.
( VVIII, 2140)
2 , ,
,
-, -, -.
( XIXXII, 4160)
1 ,
, ,
,
;
, ,
, - ( , 1.

, , , , , .).

:
 , (

, ,
);
 ;
 ;

;
 ,
;
.

 , 
( . . 8).

1. ,
-, , ,
. , ,
.
2. ,

,
,
,
.
(,
--/--)
. , ,
400 .
, , , .
,
: - ,
,

- .

,
, .
, , .
95 % . ,
, .


- (1500 240 ), , . - .
. , ,
( , , -), / .
3.
, , .
.
.
4. -
,
. , , , ,
- . , , , .
5. (5 ) . ( )

, ,
.
6. . . , , , , .
, .
- , ,
,

.
.
( , .),
.
, , , , 1.
,
(, ,
). ,
, ,
, .
7. , ( 300 - ,
.
,
26 , . . 26 ,
, , 5 . ,
- , ? (,
, , , , )

(, , , ...)2.
, ( ,
, , ,
),
,
( 16 17). 27 ? (,
?) 29, 30
(
). 33
/ + dat. / (, ,
). 40 . .,
.
.
,

,
, .
1
., : . . , . . . , 2004.
2
-  ,
(  ), : ( , )  (
, ).

.. . : 5



(43, 44, 50) .


( 53, 54, 55),
.
, .


, ,
,
.
.
, ,
.
, ,
, , , . ,
,
.

,
, , ,
.
8. ,
, - , :

, ;
(

);
;
;
;
/ /;
;
, ;
(
);
;
.
1.

9.
, , - ( ?), ,
, , ,
.
10. ,
- ,
. ,

.
2.
:
(450 );
( 300 /);
- ( 1500 240 );
( 180 );
(500 ) ;
- (100 )
;
;
;
;
.
3.
-
: . 150 , 1
1+/2.
. 30 ,
2 .
, , , , - -.
,
,
.
4.
(
) :
;

5.
,
 : , 1 , 2
.
 ,
.
1.2

;
(
), .
,
;
;
.










t







*


(- )
!
!
!
!




,
;



/

,

nom.

nominative case /

gen.
genitive /
dat.
dative /
acc.
accusative /
instr. instrumental /
prep. prepositional /
sing. singular /
pl.
plural /
verb

noun
adj.
adjective /
adv.
adverb /
pr.
preposition /
pronoun
m.

f.

n.

imp.
imperfective aspect /

perf. perfective aspect /


russian_5_elements@yahoo.com
,

.. . : 5

I. . ()
II.
(/ )

III. ()
( );
( , ,
[ j],
)

IV. (400 )

V.

0.1


[a]

[r]

[b]

[s]

[v]

[t]

[g]

[u]

-|

[d]

[f]

[je]1

[h]

[jo]

[ts]

[]2

[ch]

[z]

[sh]

[i]

[ ]3

[j]1

[ ]4

( )

( )

[ ]5

[l]

( )

[m]

[ ]6

[n]

[e]

[o]

[ju]

[p]

[k]

[ja]

R
R

. 15. . , [j] = short [i].


Voiced [sh],  .
3
Soft [sh]; + [j]  .
4
No sound.
5
No sound, previous consonant is soft.
6
Special sound like smiling [u].
1
2

10

.. . : 5

I. ()
1

0.2

, , |, |, |,
?  |, , ...





0.3

0.4

-.
?
!
|, !



= [V]
= [N]
= [R]
= [S]
= [H]
= [I]
= [U]

|, |, |, |, |
|, |, |, |
|, |, , , |,
|, |, , |,
|, , |, |, |
O, |, , O
|, |, |, |, O

0.5

R ?
, | .

?
, | .
 |?
.

|, |, |, |,
|, |, |, |,
|, |, , |, |
|, |, |, |, |
|, |, |, ,
|, , |, |
, |, |, |, |
|, |, , |
, |, |, --

1. -

11

0.6

0.7

1. ( . 297.) .
1

0.8

, |, , |,
|, |, , |, |
,
O, O, O, O, O
|, |, |
|, |, , |,

O, O
|, |, R, O



2. .





0.9

) | | |. | .
| |. | |. | |
| | . | | | .
| | | |. | |
|. | | |. | |
|, | | O |.
| |. | | .

12




| | |. |
)
| | |, | | |.
| | |. | | |,
| | | | |. | |
| . | | | , |
| | . | | .

.. . : 5

0.10

II. .  .

1.
2.
3.



?
.
?

 |?
O.
|?
-. |.

|, |?
|.

3. : .

|
|
|
|




) 

0.130.14

0.12

0.11

1. |?
, | |.

?: |, , |, |.

2. |?
, | |.
O?
|.
3. |?
, | |.
O?
.

: |/|
|/|
|/|
/|

: |/, |/
|/|
|/|
|/, /.

) ( 2)
1. | | |?
. |.
| |?
-. |.

2. |? |? 
| | |.
? |? 
| |.

| (), , , |, | (), , , , |, | (),


|, | (), , |, (), |, |, |...

1. -

13


()

4.  .

) : | | | O |?
| | |.

0.15

| | |? | | | |? | | |
[] | | B []? | | | | |? | |
| |? | | | | |? |
| | | |? | | | | |?



) ?

5. .




1. | | |.
2. | | .
3. | | |.
4. | | |.
5. | | |.
6. | | |.
7. | | |.
8. | | |.
9. | | O.
10. | | |.
11. | | |.
12. | | |.
13. | | |.
14. | | |.
15. | | |.
16. | |.
17. | | |.

14

-| gent?
|.
|.

gent/|
number/|
system/|
problem/|

-| ?
at.
|.

, |,
|, |,
|, |
.. . : 5

III. ()

0.16

 :

!!! = [] O, O, |, O

, R, , O
 O
O, O, O

0.17

O, O, O
O, O
|, O, O

= [j + a] , R, O, O
= [j + ] ,
= [j + ] R, |, O, |
= [j + ] O, |, O, O
= [i] O, , O


|, |, |, |  []
|, |  [], []
|, |  [], |  [j]
[j]1




+ |, |, ,
+ , , -|, |
 |  |, |  |, |  |,
[j  i]
|  |,  O
 |  |, |  |,
[j  i]
|  O

 :
:

1. 
(hard  soft)
+ , , , , , + , , , , ,

1.1. - [-]
- [-]
- [-]
- [-]
- [-]

[-]
[-]
O [-]

[j] = [ i ].

1. -

15

0.18



6.



-: | O,
-: | |,
-: O O
/ -: O , O ,
-: O ,
-: O ,
-: O ,
-: |
/ -: | O, | |, O ,
-: | O,
-: | |
/ | |,
-: O[] O,
-: O,
-: O[] O
/ -: O O, | ,
-: O O, O O,
-: , O O,
-: O |
 /
 /: | |,
/: | |, | |, ,
/: ,
/: ,
/: |

7. ?
: . .
|?
| + [] .

|?
| !

 [|]
[|]

0.19

, , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

8. ( . 297.) .



___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________

: , , +

16

, , , +

, ,
, ,

.. . : 5

0.20

9. ( . 297.)




?
___, ___, ___, ______, ______, ___, ___,
______, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___,
___, ___.
?

0.21

___, ______, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.

 1.2.


--... [--ja]
-- [--j]: O O
--: | | O
--: O O O
--: O O |
--: O |
--: O O O
--: O
2. 
(voiced  voiceless)

 2.1.

0.22

2.2.

| , | |, | |, | |,
| |, | |, | |




|[]
|[]
[]





|[]
|[]
[]

| |, | |, |, |,
| |, | |, | O,
|, | |, O
[]:
[]: |
[]:
[]:
[]: , | |
[]:
[]: |, , |, |, |, |,

0.23

3. c + c = [ ], + = []

|, |, |, , |, |
|, O, |, |

1. -

17

IV. (400 )

10. 

1 (/): O  abstract/
2 ():

|  ?

3 (1):

| | |

| ____________________________
| ___________________________
| _______________________________
|  _______________________
| ___________________________
|  ______________________________
| ____________________________
|  ______________________________
| _____________________________
| _____________________________
| ____________________________
| ________________________________
, |  _____________________
| _______________________________
| _________________________________
|  __________________________
| ______________________________
| ____________________________
|  __________________________
| ___________________________
| _______________________________
| ________________________________
| _______________________________
|  _________________________
| __________________________
| _________________________________
| ____________________________

| __________________________________
| _______________________________
| ________________________________
|  _____________________________
__________________________________
___________________________________
|  ____________________________

( )

| ___________________________
|  ______________________
| _______________________________
|  _________________________
| _________________________________
| _____________________________
|  _____________________________
|, -   |, -  _______
______________________________________
__________________________________
| ________________________________
 _______________________________
|  ____________________________
| _____________________________
| ____________________________
| ______________________________
|  __________________________
| __________________________
| _________________________________
|  __________________________
| __________________________

| __________________________________
_________________________________
| ______________________________
| __________________________________
| _________________________________
| __________________________________
| _________________________________
| ______________________________
| _________________________________
| _____________________________
|  _______________________

| ____________________________

1
-: |, |, |, |, |, |, |, |,
, |, |, |, |, , |, O, |, .

18

.. . : 5

| _____________________________
|  ______________________________
|  ____________________________
| ____________________________
|  _____________________________
|______________________________
| ____________________________
 ________________________________
| ________________________________
|  ___________________________
| ________________________________

|  ____________________________
| __________________________________
|  _________________________
| ____________________________
|  __________________________
| ___________________________
|  _____________________________
| ____________________________
| ()__________________________
_________________________________
|  ___________________________
| _______________________________
| ________________________________
| _______________________________
|  __________________________
|  _____________________________
| _____________________________
| _______________________________
|  __________________________
|  ___________________________
__________________________________
| ____________________________
| ____________________________
|  _____________________________
| _____________________________
| ________________________________

__________________________________
| _______________________________
|, - ______________________

|  ______________________________
| __________________________________
|  _____________________________
| _____________________________
| ______________________________
1. -

|, | ___________________________
|  ___________________________
| ____________________________
| _______________________________
|  ___________________________
| _____________________________
| ______________________________
| ___________________________
| ____________________________
|, - ___________________
| ______________________________
| ____________________________
| _____________________________
| ____________________________
| _____________________________
| __________________________
|  ____________________________
| ______________________________

| ____________________________
| __________________________
|  ___________________________
| _________________________________
| _________________________________
|  _____________________________
|  | ______________________
|  ____________________________
|, ____________________
|, _______________________
| __________________________________
|, -  _________________________
|  ______________________________
__________________________________
| ______________________________
|  ____________________________
|  ______________________
| ____________________________
| ______________________________
| _____________________________
|  _________________________
| ___________________________
| ____________________________
|  ________________________
| _________________________
| _______________________________
| ______________________________
| _____________________________

19

| _________________________
| ______________________________
| ________________________________
| _________________________________
| ____________________________
| ____________________________
|  ________________________
| _______________________________
| _________________________________
_________________________________
|  ___________________________
|_______________________________
| ______________________________

| ________________________________
|  _____________________________
| _______________________________
|  ______________________________
| ___________________________
| ________________________________
|  __________________________
| ___________________________

| ______________________________
|  | _________________
| ________________________________
| _______________________________
|  _________________________
|  _________________________
| ___________________________
| ______________________________
| _______________________________
| __________________________
| ______________________________
|  __________________________
| _________________________________
| _______________________________
| _____________________________
|  ____________________________
| ________________________
| = | ___________________
| ______________________________
|  _________________________
| _________________________________
| _______________________________
| () ___________________________
|  __________________________
| _______________________________

20

| ______________________________
| _________________________________
| _____________________________
|  _______________________
| _______________________________
| ___________________________

| ______________________
| ________________________________
| ________________________________
| ____________________________

| ________________________________
|  _______________________
| __________________________
| _________________________________

|  ____________________________
, -  _______________________
| _________________________
| ______________________________
| _____________________________
| _________________________________
|, -  ________________________
|, -  _____________________
| _______________________________
| ______________________________
|  ____________________________
|  ____________________________
| _____________________________
__________________________________
| _______________________________
| __________________________________
|  ____________________________
| _____________________________
| _____________________________
| _____________________________
| _______________________________
|  _______________________________
|  ____________________________
| _____________________________
|  _________________________
| _____________________________
| ______________________________
| ______________________________
| ___________________________
|  _______________________

.. . : 5

| _____________________________
| _______________________________
| ________________________________
| ___________________________
|  _________________________
| ______________________________
|  ___________________________
| ___________________________
| ______________________________

| ________________________________
| ______________________________
|  ____________________________
| ______________________________
| __________________________
| ____________________________
| ________________________________
| _____________________________
| ________________________
| _____________________________
| _______________________________
__________________________________
_________________________________
| __________________________________
___________________________________
__________________________________
| ________________________________

| _____________________________
| _________________________________
|  __________________________
| ______________________________
|, | ______________________
| ________________________________
| _____________________________
| ______________________________
| ______________________________
| _____________________________
| ________________________________
|  __________________________
|____________________________
| __________________________________
| _____________________________
_________________________________
|, -  _____________________
_________________________________
| _______________________________
| ____________________________

1. -

_________________________________
| _____________________________
|, -  ________________________
| _______________________________
| ________________________________
___________________________________
| ________________________________
| ______________________________

| _________________________________
| _________________________________
|  ____________________________
| ________________________________
| _________________________________
| _________________________________
|, | ______________________
_________________________________
| ______________________________
| ____________________________
| ______________________________
| _________________________
| __________________________
| ________________________________
|, -  ______________________
| _______________________________
|  ___________________________
| ___________________________
__________________________________
|  ______________________________
| _____________________________
| _____________________________
| ______________________________
| ____________________________
| ______________________
| ________________________________
| ______________________________

| _________________________
| __________________________
| ____________________________

__________________________________
_________________________________
 __________________________
| _____________________________
|  _________________________
| _______________________________

21

| _______________________________
|  ______________________________
|  ___________________________
| ___________________________
(|) ___________________
|  _________________________
| _____________________________
| _______________________________
|  ___________________________
|, | ____________________
| _________________________
|  __________________________
| __________________________
| ________________________________
________________________________
| ___________________________
| _______________________________
|  _________________________

|  ______________________________
| ________________________________
| ________________________________
| ________________________________
|  ____________________________

_______________________________

___________________________________
___________________________________
|, -  _______________________
| ____________________________

| _______________________________
|  _________________________
|, -  __________________________
 _______________________________
| ________________________________
| ________________________________
||, -  ___________________
__________________________________
| ______________________________
| ________________________________
__________________________________
|  ____________________________
 _____________________________
________________________________

| _______________________________
|  _____________________________
| ___________________________
| ______________________________
|  _______________________
| ______________________________
| ____________________________
|  _________________________
| __________________________
|  __________________
| _______________________________
| _______________________________
| ______________________________

| _________________________________

| __________________________________

_________________________________

22

.. . : 5

O )

O (

)

, -

|
|

)

| (

, -

)
| (
||,

)
(
, -


|
|

| (
)

| , -

O
:|
| ,
| ,
| ,
:| ,

| , ,
| :
| ,
| ,
| ,

| :
| ,
| ,
|

O

,|

| ,

| ,
| ,

|
| , | ,
,

| ,

| ,

| ,

| ,

| ,

| ,

| ,
|

| ,
,
| ,

| ,

| ,

| ...

| ,
| ,

| ,
| ,
| ,

| ,
| ,

|,
| ,
| ,
| ,

| ,

,
|

,
| , |
| ,

,
| ,
,

,
|

|...


O
, |, |,
, |, ,
|, |, |...

1. -

23

V. : ,
: ____ / 65 ( 20 )
1. (____ / 19).
) : ___  .
___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___,
___, ___, ___ .
) ? (____ / 14)
___, ______, ___, ___, ___, ___, ___,
___-___, ___, ___, ___, ___.
) , , , + ? (_____ / 5)
______, ___, ___, ______, ___.
2. . + 3 (_____ / 9).
: __ __ __ 
___ ___ ___
___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___


___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___


___ ___ ___

___ ___ ___


___ ___ ___

3. . (____ / 12)
|:
1. , |, |...
2. |.
3. |.
6. |, |, |, |, |...
7. |...
|:
1. |, |, |, | |...
4. | |...
5. |.
6. |.
8. .
9. |.
10. . | .
4. (____ / 5).

24

.. . : 5

1 (. 2637)
c

1. . : / ?
2. ( ).
3. ? ().
4. ..., ....

. .
: .
. .
, .





t

 -

,
, ,
,

5. .
-, - (f.), -, - (m.).
6.
.
7. ? (  ,  ).
8. : cc. .
9. , . ?
10. (, , , , ).

: ?
, .
: ?
.
?
, ?
:
?
.
: 8?

3 (. 4962)

11. .  .
.
12. I -: , , ,
, , , , ,
, .
13. / ... ...
14. .

:
 .
, : ?
( ? ! , ?)
,
/:
, ...; .
, , , ,
...

2 (. 3848)

15. . ?
16. ? , , , , .
17. , .
18. . (.)
19. + (acc. : m., n.; pl.).
20. .

( ?).
: ?
?
/?
.

4 (. 6373)


...?

21.  .
22. (, // ,
).
23. .
24.  .
25. , , .
26. .
27. ?
28. .

.
( ).
, .
.
?
, .

5 (. 7486)

I (. 8788)
15 (. 287288)

25

1.1



1.2

! |.
 |
|! |.

C
--, --, --, --, --;
O, O |, O .
--, --, --, --, --;
O O, O O.
| |, | |, O O, | |,
O O, | |, O O;
|, |, |, |, |, |, |[].

()

26

|, | |, | |.
|!

? / ?
()?
?
?
?
?
?

|? / |?
|?
|?
?
| |?
| |? | ?
| |?

1
2, 3
2, 6
2, 6
5, 7
7
1

.. . : 5


?
?

obj.
?

|, | = noun / pronoun
(| / |)
| (|, |) = verb (|)
| (|?) = djective
(|)

14243

verb

Sub.

| | (?)
| (|?)
= adverb / pr. + noun
| (? |)
| (|? |)

: /?
(nominative case, nouns)
? 
|? (m.).
|? | (f.).
|? | (pl.).

? 
|? | (m.).
|? | (f.).
|? | (n.).
|? | (pl.).
m.

| (|)

f.

1. I. 1

(|)

27

11.

: |? , | |.



 |, |.

12. . . .




) () ?
: | | |?
. | | |.

| |?
. | |.

, |, |, |, |, |, , |, |,
|, |, |, |, |, |, |, |,
|, |, |, |, |, |, |, .
) ?
: | | |.
| | |.
|, |, |, |, |, |, |, |, |,
|, |, , |, |, |, |, |, , ,
|, |, |, |, |, , |, |, |,
|, |, , |, |, .
) ?
|, |, |, , , |, |, |, |,
| , | , | , | , | , | , | , | ,
|, |, |, |, |, |, , |, ,
|, |, |, |, |, , |, , , .

28

.. . : 5

)* :
| = |, | = |, | = ______________________, | =
____________________, = ____________________, | = ____________________,
|, = _____________________, | = ____________________, | =
____________________, = ____________________, = ____________________,
| = ______________________, = ______________________, | =
______________________, | = ______________________ .

13. ?
___________________? .
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? .
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.

___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? .
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.
___________________? |.

14. ?

1. I. 1

29

:
m.

f.

+ |

O (|)

(|)

+ |

15.

: ________________ | | . 
| | .
1. | __________________ | |.
2. __________________ | |.
3. __________________ | |.
4. | | | ___________________ .
5. |, | | | ____________________.
6. __________________ | |.
7. | | __________________ |.
8. __________________ | | | .
9. + | __________________ .
10. | + | | __________________.
11. | __________________ |.
12. | | | __________________.
13. | | __________________ |.

30

.. . : 5

 16. ? ?
O?  O !
 [|]
[|]
: | |.
 ) |, | | O.
) |, | | |, |.
| | |. | |. | | | |.
| | |. | | |. | | |. |
| | |. | | . | |.
| |. | | | |. | | |.
| | . | | |.


(personal pronouns)
sing.
pl.

17. .

, R, R
R

) 1. . 2. | , . 3. | , , ...
1. |. 2. | |, |. 3. | |, |,
...
) , ?
, |, |, |, |, |, , |, |,
, |, |, , |, , |, , |, |.
) .
: + =
+
+
+
+

=
=
=
=

______
______
______
______

+ =
+ =
+
=
+ =

_____
_____
_____
_____

+
+
+
+

= _______
= _______
= _______
= _______

+ =
+ =
+ =
+ =

______
______
______
______

pl., sing.

1. I. 1

31

1.3


 18. .  
1.
-...
|, | ?
, | .

1.5

1.4

2.
|!
, | ?
, | . |, .

3.
-...
?
, |.

32

.. . : 5

?
(, )

|? |?
. |.
?
.

|?
|.
O?
O |.

19. .

|?
|.
O / |?
O |.

|?
.
?

:
) O |, ?
O.
! |!

) R, |?
, O.

| |1 /|,
| | /|,
/|, |/|,
| | /|,
|/|...
/|, |/|,
|/|, |/|

??? /? ? ?

(. . 83).

1. I. 1

33

1.6

20. ( . 297.)



1.

|
|

??? | |?
| |?
|?
|?
|?
|?
|?
|?
?

34

.. . : 5

1.7

( . 297.)

2. O

??? | |?
| |?
|?
| |?
|?

t  21. . 
1. : |?
| .
|

|? | ? | ? | |?
|? | |? | |?..
2. ?
| | | ? | | ? |
| |? | | ?..

1. I. 1

35

1.8



22. . 2, 3, ... 7?



) : 1. |, |?, |, |
O?
O.
| O?
, | |.
O?
| O.
O?
O.
2. |, |?, |, |.
3. |, |?, |, .
4. |, |?, |, |.
5. |, |?, |, |.
6. |, |?, |, |.
7. , |?, |, |

36

.. . : 5

 )

1:
|?
O, O.
|?
O, O.

2:
|?
|.
|?
O, O.

23. ( 18 ).
/ ?

?
: ______________
|.
|?
______________
|.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.

_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ .
_________________ | |.
_________________ |.
_________________ | |.
_________________ | |.
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ .
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ |.
_________________ | |. _________________ | |.

|!
|! O!

1. I. 1

37

2.1



,
--, --, --, --, --;
O -|,
1 = []: O[] |, O[] O,
O , |;
, | |, | |
, , ,
--, --, --, --, --;
O, O O, |, O O, |
O, O, ,
O, |, |, |, |, |
, , ?
(noun: m., f., n. sing. pl.)

(nominative)

- / -

n.: O / |

 / -, -
- / -, -

m.: / |, |
f.: | / O, |,

- / -

m., f. pl.: / O, |;
| / |, |, |

24. , ? ?
| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____),

| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____), (_____),


| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), (_____), O (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), O (_____).
25. , , ?
) | (_____), (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), | (_____), (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), | (_____), (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), O (_____), | (_____), | (_____), (_____),
| (_____).
1

38

e = [] -.

.. . : 5

m.
- (- , -)
|, O

f.
- (-, -, -/-, -)
, |, O,
O, O,

2.2

) | (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____),


| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), | (_____), | (_____), (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), (_____), | (_____), (_____), | (_____),
| (_____), (_____), | (_____), O (_____), | (_____).

26. ( . 297.)

) ? ?

) ?
1. | |.
2. | |.
3. | |.
4. | .
5. | .
6. | |.
7. |, .
1. I. 2

) ??? |?
|?
|?
?
|?
|?
|?
|?

39

27. .

(pl.)

||1
__________?__________
||
__________?__________

__________?__________
|
__________?__________
|
__________?__________
__________?__________

||
||
__________?__________
||
__________?__________
|
__________?__________
||
__________?__________
|
|

||
__________?__________
__________?__________
__________?__________
|
__________?__________
__________?__________
__________?__________
__________?__________
__________?__________
|*

*
2.3

 pl.: , , , , , , + ()

28. ( . 298.) .
m.

f.



pl.

1. _____________________ 1. _____________________ 1. _____________________


2. _____________________ 2. _____________________ 2. _____________________
3. _____________________ 3. _____________________ 3. _____________________
4. _____________________ 4. _____________________ 4. _____________________

1. _____________________ 2. _____________________ 3. _____________________

!!!
: |, |, |, |;
| ( |), | ( |), | ( )...
|
1

40

: |, |,
O, |

. (. 145).

.. . : 5

29. .
?


) :
|, |?
|1 .
|.

) :
|, |?
1.

|, |, |,
|, |, |,
|, |,
|, |, |,
|
|, |, ,
, |,
|, |, |,
|, |, |,
|, |,
|

 
(, )
 ---  (, )

| 
|

|, |,
|, |, |,
, |, , |

) :
|?
O, |.

: /?
(Accusative case, pers. pronouns)

|. | O.
|. | .
| |. |.

?
?

nom.

acc.

|? = O |?
O?
1

|, , |, |  / .

1. I. 2

41

30. .

) : + ().  O |. O O .
+ (|). __________________________________________________________
+ | ( |).___________________________________________________
+ (|). ____________________________________________________________
+ (|). _____________________________________________________________
+ | (|). ___________________________________________________________
+ (| |). _________________________________________________

 ) :

 | |?

|, , , , |, , , , , |, |.
) : |  | |.

|, |, | |, | |, , |, |.



31. .

2.4

1. |.

) |?
| | R. ?
| | O.
R O. |?
| O, | O.
)

 + | (|, |).

2.5

| + | (|, ).
+ | (|, |).

2. |.

 /

) |! | O?
, |. |. ?
, | | .
|.
)

42

|/, |/,
|/|,
|/ |

.. . : 5

2.6

3. |.
|! | |?
, |. | .
|! |!

t

32. + .

1. |. _________ | |.
2. |. _________ | |.
3. |. _________ | | |.
4. . _________ | _________ .
5. _________ () |?
6. . _________ | | |.
7. |. _________ | |.
8. |. _________ | |.
9. |. _________ | | |.
10. |. _________ | |.
11. |? _________ | | .
* 33.  .
: | 

| |.
| | |.
| |.
|.
|.

1:
:
2:
:

O | |?
. / O | |.
| |?
O.

|.
|.
.
| .
|.

34. ( 1).
+
+ ?
1. | |. | | |, O .
2. __ |. _________________ ________________________________?
_________ | |, __ _________ |.
3. __ . _____________ | |, __ _________________ .
4. __ |. ______________________________ __ |.
5. . ______ __________________ | |, | | __ |.
6. . ______ ________________ |, __ | ____________ |.

1. I. 2

43

* 35. .
: O? |.
O | |? |.
? |.
|? . / |.
|? . / |.

2.7

| |.
| |.
| | |.
| | .
| |.
| |.

  , , , ,

, , , [], ; , , ; -, -, ;
| |, | |, |, |, , |,
|, |, |, |, |, |, |, |,
|,
-, -, -, []-, -;
, |, |, , , , , , , |,
|
-, -, -, []-, -;
|, |, |, |, |, |[], |, , [], ,
|, |

, (), , ;
, , | [|], [], |, | [|], ,
|
-, -, -, -, -;
|, , |, |, |, |, , , |, |
|, |, |, |, |, |, |-|,

|, |!
, |!
m.
 : -, -, -, -
, , ,

44

f.
: -, -, -, -
, , ,

.. . : 5

2.8



0 ()
1 | (|, |)
2 ()
3
4 |
5
6
7
8 | [|]
9 | [|]
10 | [|]

11 |
12 |
13 |
14 |
15 |
16 |
17 |
18 |
19 |

200 |
300 |
400 |

500 O
600, 700, 800
900 O

20 | ( ...)
30 |
40 O
50 O
60 |
70 |
80 |
90 O
100
1 000 O
1 000 000 |
1 000 000 000 |

36. .

| + ?
+ = |
( (|) |).

7 + 7...
12 12...
13 + 4...
8 1...
4 3...
17 3...

9 + 1...
10 + 5...
100 25...
7 + 1...
19 + 3...
41 + 57...

?
+
|
= |
21 + 33...
18 16...
20 + 11...
14 11...
30 + 13...
32 + 45...

37. .

 1. .

) ?
|, . / , |.

, |, ,
|, |, |

) | | |?
|, |!

) | | |?
|.

|/|, /|, /|, |/, |/|,


|/|, |/|

1. I. 2

45

2.9

 2. . 

) |, |! O [O] 8?
| 8?
-, 8.
!
|.

2.10

| 8, | 10, | 15
) |, |, 3?
4?
-, 3!
.
3, O 35, | 11



38. .

2.11

1. O 19:00

2.12

|!
|! |.
|! |, | | | |.
?
. |.

2. 19:30
|! |, !
. |.
|.
|. |!
|.
|.  

________________________________

46

________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________
________________________________

:
O:
|,
|,
|

O:

| ,
| ,
|,
|, |
,
| ,
, |

.. . : 5

2.132.14

39. ( . 298.) .

|! | O? (= |?)
?

O?

O?

40.
2.15





)

|!
|! O?
|, |! ?
|.

 (+) O  O () 
O  O

2.16

O | = O
|

1. I. 2

) |! O |?
|!
|?
| .

47

41.  .

) :  O |?
, , |, , |, ,
) : ()? |, ()? 

O |?
O O. ?
| |.

1. ()? |, ()?
2. (|)? |, ()?
3. ()? |, (|)?
4. (|)? |, ()?
5. ()? |, ()?
) :  ?
|  |?
 |?
 ____________________________
 __________________________
|  ____________________________
 _____________________________
 _____________________________
|  ___________________________
|  ____________________________
 _____________________________

48

| ____________________________
|  _____________________________
 ______________________________
|  ____________________________
 ____________________________
|  ____________________________
 _____________________________

.. . : 5

3.1



--, --, --, --, --;


|*, |, |*, |, |*, O;
|, |, |, |, |, |
--, --, --, --, --;
O[] O, , O , | |,
O[] |, O* O, , , |, ,
|, |, |,
|, |! | |? | |.

...
 | O. .
O. O?
+ + + / ()

3.2

???



?
42. ?O

- ?
!
|! |, | ?
, | .
|! |. |?
|, |. |?
|, | |. O |?
, . ?
O | |.
|?! |!

 |

1. I. 3

| |,
,
|,
|,
|,
|...

49

43. ?
: ? |, | 
O |?
O, | | O.
1. |? |, |. 2. |? |, |. 3. ? | |,
|. 4. ? |, |. 5. ? |, . 6. ?
|, |.

3.3

44.

 ?

) .

) ??? |? | |? |?
| / | / ?
| |? |? |?
?

) .

1. . .
:
... ... ... ... ... ... ... ... ...
... ... .... ... ... ... ... ,
...

50

.. . : 5


2. . : ... 
 ____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________




3. , . !
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________


 

$ $ $. $. $ $. $ $. ,
, $ $. $ $ $. $ $:
$ $. , $, $ $.
$ $. $ $. $ $. , $, $
$. . $ $, $. $ .
$, ...

) $ $?

?________________
$
?________________


$
?________________
$

(, )?
/, /, /? ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

45.

: ($) $ ______ 1. $.
 ] $?
2. [
() $ ___________________
() $ _______________________
() $ _____________________
( ) $ ____________
() $ _____________________
() _________________________

1. I. 3

() $ ______________________
() $ _____________________
() $ ___________________
() $ _____________________
*() ___________________________
*() ___________________________

51

46. .
$?
, .
)
 $! (
($? $!)

() 

$?
$ .
)
! (

??? $? $ $? $?
$? $? $? /$?
$? /$? $?

    .

3.4

47.


 ( . 298.)

) 1.

____________?
 .
$ ____________ $?
________________. $ $.
$?
$, $ $.
____________ $?
, __ $: .
$ ?
.

3.5

) .
 ... _______________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________




) 2. !

?
$ $.
$, $?
, $ $.
$?
$ $ $, $ .
?
, .
?
$ $. $.

??? $? $? $?
1

52

.. . : 5

(verb)
()

: - (-, -)
: |? $|? $|? / $|?
$|? $|? $ $|?
1 (present): ,
I: |
$
$
/ $
$
$
$

II: |$

@

/


@

I:
|, |, |, |
|  |, |, |, |, |

$ ____________

____________
$
____________
$ ____________
?

____________

$ ____________

$ ____________
1

____________

Imperfective aspect: ; = .

1. I. 3

53

48. . .
: ________ $  $?
, $.

_____________________ $?
_______________________________

_________________________ $?
__________________________________

______________ $?
_______________________________

__________________________ $?
__________________________________

____________________ $?
_______________________________

_____________________ $?
__________________________________

______________________ $?
_______________________________

_______________________ $?
__________________________________

__________________ $?
_______________________________

____________________________ $?
__________________________________

_____________________ $?
_______________________________

__________________________ $?
__________________________________

49. .
1. _______________ $?
$ ______________________ .

2. ________________ $?
___________________________ .

3. ________________ $?
$ _______________________ .

4. ________________________ ?
___________________________ .

5. ______ ____________________?
________________________ .

6. ___________________ $?
$ _____________________ .

7. ______ __________________?
__________________ $
$.

8. ______ _______________________?
_________________________
________________, ____________ .

50.

) : $ $.
1. $ $_____, $ $_____ . 2. $_____, $
$. 3. $ $ $_____ . 4. _____, $? 5.
$_____, $, $ $. $______, . 6. $_____?
7. $______? 8. $ $______, $______ . 9. $!
$______, $! 10. $______?

54

.. . : 5

3.6




) ( . 298.) .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

51. ?
: $ $  $?
1. $ $ (= $ $).
2. $ $, $ (= $ $ $).

3.7

$ $ $ $? $ $ $? $
$ $ $ $ ? $ $ $ $? $ $
$ $? $ $ $ $? $ $ ? $
$ $ $ $ ?



52.

(. 313)

a) . ?
) .

1. $ $?
, $. $.

2. $?
, $.
3. $ $? $ $?
$ $, $ $. $.
4. $ $?
.
 .
5. $ $ $?
, $ $.

6. $ $?
$ $ $.
! $?  $!

7. $! $ !
$?!  $! $?!
! $!
8. $, $ $?
$, $. $ $!
$ $!
1. I. 3

55

)* . ?

3.8

: $, $, $, $, $ $,
$, $ , $ $, $ $, $ , $
$, $ $, $

 53. ( . 299.) .

??? ?
?
?

? ?

54. ) !
$, ...?
$, ...
() $.
 $.

  $. , ,  $?
 , $ $.
 ? , .
  .

: , , $ $?
, $ $ $ $.
?
 . / $.
1. $, $ $? ... $ ? ... $
$? ... $ $? ... $ $? $?
$? $ $ -$? ... $ $? ... $
$? ... $ $? ...  $ $?
2. $, $ $? $, $
$? $, $ $? $, $

56

.. . : 5

$? $, $ $? $,
$ $? $, $ $? $,
$ $?

) .

$, () $

()
()
()  
  
()
()

: $  $, $ $ $. $?
$
$
$
$
$
$ $
$
...

$
$
$
$
$
$
$

$
$-1
$
$
$
$
$

) + () .
  700 $.
$ $ $.
$, $.
$ $ $.
$ $ $?
$?

$, $ $.
$, $ $ $.
$, $ $.
$ $, $ $.
$ $, $ $.
$, $ $.

55. + : , , , , , , .
1. _______ () $. 2. _______ () $. 3.  $, _______
($) $. 4. _______ () $? 5. _______ () $. 6. $ _______
() $. 7. $ _______ () $? 8.  $, _______
() $? 9.  $, _______ ($) $? 10. _______ ()
$. 11. $, _______ ($) $? 12. $? $
_______ ($) $?

1. I. 3

57

t 56. .
$?
 ) :
$ $ .
$, ?
.
?
$, .
?
$ .
3.9




) ! 26?
) !
1. $, $, $, $.
2. $, $, $, $.
3. , $, $, $.
4. $, $, $, $.
5. $, $, $, $.
6. $, $, $, $.

) / :

58

_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________

.. . : 5

57. ?

[---$-$]
[--$-$-$-$]
@, /  @, /

: $?
$, . ?
$, .



$, $, $, $, , $, $ , $, $,
, $, $, $, $, $, , , $, $,
$, , $, , $, $, , $...



58. .

3.10

) .
$! ?
$, . .
, $.  ?
.
 ?
$ $ $ (28.90).
$. $.
???

3.11

$/$/$
 $
//...

?
$/$ $/$ $

) .
1.

$! $?
, $. ?
$ .
.
$! $.

 $ ($)
1. I. 3

$ ($)

$ .

$ ($)...

59

3.12

2.

$! $ .
?
, . . $ $
$ (159.10).
$-$? ?
. $, $ $. 
...
 ?
, $. $ $
(19.80). $.
$, . $ $  .
 $, $.

$ ($/$),
 $
($/$),
 ($/$)...

t

* 59.  .

: $ +  )  $?
$.  $.
) $ ?
$. $ .
) $ $?
, .
$ + , + $, $ + $, + $, + $, $ + $,
$ + , + , + $, + , + $, $ + $,
$ + $.

60.

: 1.  . ______ $ $. _____ $. _____ $.


  . $ $ $. $. $ $.
2.  $. _____ $ $. _____ $. _____ $.
3. _____ $. _____ $ $. _____ $. _____ .
4.  _____? $ $ ? $ _____ $? ____________?
5.  _____. ________ $ . _____ $. _____ $.
6.  ? _____ $ $? _____ $? ________ $?
7.  _____ . __________ $, $ . _____ $. _____
______________ .

60

.. . : 5

* 61. .

(, , , , = ) :
1. $, 2. , 3.  $ , 4.  .
?
$.
: ___________________
1. ___________________ $.
2. ___________________ $ .
3. __________________  $ $.
4. __________________ $ $.
5. ___________________ $ .
6. ___________________ $.
7. ___________________ $ $.
8. ___________________ $.
9. __________________ $ $.
10. _________________ $ $ .
11. ___________________ $ $.

 62. !
t ..., ...

 []?
, .

 [] $?
, .

) ?
: $, $ $.
, .  $.
$ .
, $. , .

$, , ,
$, $, ,
$, $, $...
+ ...

) ?
: 5 + 4 = 10?
$, 5 + 4 10, 9.
9 + 1 = 11
2 + 7 = 10

1. I. 3

9 + 8 = 18
23 + 41 = 65

3 + 12 = 16
18 + 33 = 45

4 + 7 = 12
25 + 9 = 32

61

3.133.16
3.17

63. ! + .
020

1535

4070


80120

64. ( . 299.) .

1. $ $ .
2. $ $.
3. $ $.


 : , , , , /, , ?..
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

62

.. . : 5

4.1

  -, -, -, -, -;

? $? $? $? $? $? $?


possessive pronouns (whose?)
: ? (m.), ? (f.), ? (n.), ? (pl.)

65.

: ______ $ $?  $ $?
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $

$?
$?
$?
$?
?
$?

_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $

$?
$?
$?
$?*
$?
?

_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $

$?
$?
?
$?
?
?

_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $
_____ $

$?
$?
$?
$?
$?
?

?
?
?
?

@ []









66.

: __ $ (_____).
 $__
$ ( _____).

) __ $ (_____). __ $* (_____). __ $ (_____). __


$ (_____). __ (_____). __ $ (_____). __ $
(_____). __ $ (_____). __ $ (_____). __ $ (_____).
__ $ (_____). __ $ (_____). __ $ (_____). __ $
(_____). __ $ (_____). __ $ (_____). __ $ (_____).
__ $ (_____). __ . (_____). __ $ (_____). __
$ (_____). __  (_____). __ $ (_____).
1

[], []

1. I. 4

63

) ________ $ ( $), ________ $ ( $), ________ $ ( ),


________ $ ( $), ________ ( $), ________ $ ( ), ________ $
( ), ________ ( $), ________ ( $), ________ ( ),
________ ( $), ________ ( ), ________ $ ( ), ________
$ ( ).

67. . !
1.  ?
$ ?
$ $ , $.

  
$, $, $, $,
$, $...

2. 
 $ .
$!  $, $
$!

$, $, , $, $,
$, $...

3.  
?
, $.

$, $, $, $,
$, $, $

??? , ? (, , , , ,
, , , , ...)

 .

, : . , ,
...

64

.. . : 5

 $, , $ $ $
 68. ? ?
:  $ $?
, $ $, $ /  $, $.
 $?  $ $?  $ $?  $ $? 
$?  $ $?  $ ?  $?  $ $?
 $?  $?  $ ?  ?  $ $?
 $ $?  $?  $?

$:
$

$ $
$

69. !
: () .  $ . $ .
($) $. () $. () $. () $. () $. ($)
. () $. () $. ($) $. () . ($) . ()
$. () $. () . () $.

1. I. 4

65

4.24.3

70. . !


4.4

$?
.
_____________ .
, $!
225 19 91.
$.

@
$ $?
______________________ .
$ $, ______ 3, $ 6.
$. $ $ ?
$, : _______________ .
329 33 21. $.

71.
) , , .
) ?
1. $ $. $.
2. $ $ $.
3. $ $ $.
4. $ $.
5. $ $.
6. $.

 

66

.. . : 5

) .
 
$ $ $. $ $: $ $, $,
$. $.
, $, $ $.  . $ . $ $.
$ $. $ $ $. $, $ $ $. $.
, $, $ $. $ $ $
$. $ |, $ $  $.
 $. $, , $. $ $ $,
$ $. $ $ $. $ . $
.
$, $ $. $. $,
, . , , $ $.


:
 


 

??? $ $? $? $? $ $? $?
$ $? $ $? $? $? $ $?
$? ? $ $ $? * $
$? $?

) .
1. . !
2. , .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

 : /, , , , ...? ?
? ? ? ? ?
? ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
1. I. 4

67

72.
) ?

____
_ _
_
_ _ _
_ _
_
_ _
_ _

) 

_ _
_ _
_ _

___
_
___
_ _
_ _

: 
 ____________  _____________
 _____________ _____________
 _____________  _____________

____________ _____________
____________ _____________
____________
_____________

73. .
$, $?
$, $.
$.
$!

4.5



?
$ $
$
$ $
$ $
$
$
$ $
$
$ $
$-$ $

74. ( . 299.)
) .
 

1. $ $ $.
2. $ $ $ $.
3. $ $  $ $.
4. $.
5. $ $.
??? $? $? $? $? $?
$ $ $? $? ? $?

68

.. . : 5

, , ?
)
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
) . ?

______________

______________

______________




______________

______________

) !
75. , , .
 . $ ,  = $ $.
 $, $. , .
$, $.

(+)
()
()

) ?
1. $ $, $. 2. $, $. 3. $
$, $. 4. $, $ $. 5. $
$, $ $. 6. $, $ $. 7. $
$, $ $. 8. $ $.
) + , ,
1. $ ___ $. 2. $ ___ $. 3. $
$, ___ $. 4. $ $, ___ $
$. 5. $ ___ $. 6. $ $ ___ $.

1. I. 4

69

4.6

76. . ?
!

4.7

 :

 ]? , $ .
 [
 ] $? , .
 [
 ] $? ,  .
@[

1. $ $?
, $.
, .
, $.

3. ?
, .
, $.
, .

2. $ $ $?
, .
, $.
, .

4. $ $ $?
, $.
, $.
, $.
, .

 77. . ! 26? !
$, $, $?
1
 : ,
$, $ .
$, ?
$ $, $, .
$ $?
$ $  .
1. $/$ $ $.
2. $/$ $ $ $.
3. $/$ $ $.
4. $/$ $ $.
5. $/$ $ $.
6. $/$ $ $-$.

70

.. . : 5

(nom.) + + (.)
+ +
78.
) ? ?

______________

______________

______________

______________

______________

______________
) ?
$, $, $,
$, $, $,
$, $, ,
$, $, $...

, $, $, $,
$, $, $,
$, $, ,
$, $, $,
$, $ $...

 1. $ $ $.
2. $ _______________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
???

$ $? $ $? $ $?
$ $? $ $? $ $?
$ -? $ $?

1. I. 4

71

 /, /, /? ?
4.8

?
____________________________________________________________________________

79. ( . 299.)
) , .
 

1.  $ $ $ $ $.
2. , $ $ .
3. $ $ -$.
4. $ $.
5.  $.
6. . $ $ $.

) ,
+ .
:  $ . 
$ ,  $ $

:
)
. ______________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________
____________________________________________

72

.. . : 5

 :
-. ________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
80. .

(. 314)

) !
1. ____________________________ ?
 $.

7. ______________________________ ?
 .

2. ____________________________ ?
$ $ $.

8. ______________________________ ?
$.

3. ____________________________ ?
, $ $.

9. ______________________________ ?
, $ .

4. ____________________________ ?
$.  $ $.

10. _____________________________ ?
, $.

5. ____________________________ ?
$.

11. _____________________________ ?
$.

6. ____________________________ ?
$, $. ?

12. _____________________________ ?
. $ $.

) .

1. I. 4

73

5.1



--, --, --, --, --;


 $, $, , $ ,
$, $, $, $, $, $

81. .

5.2

$?
, $. 155-20-34.
155-20-34? ?
-, $.

, 155-20-34; , 224-97-19;
, 311-21-12; , 323-47-64;
, 222-50-44; , 323-30-13.

* 82. ..., .... .


 ] $ $? ( $)
: [
, $ $ , .
$ [ ] $? ( $)
, $ $ , .
 ] $ $ $? ( )
[
$ $ , $.
 ]? ( $)
$ $ [
$ $ , .
1. $ ? ( $). 2. ? ( $). 3.
$ ? ( ). 4. $  $ ? ( $ ).
5. ? ( $). 6.  $ -$? ( ). 7. $
? ( $). 8. $? ( $). 9.  $ $ $?
( $).




... 
  ,  .

83.
) :
$ $ ? $ $ $? $ $? $ $? $ $
? $ $ $? $ $ ?

74

.. . : 5

) ?
1. __________________ $ , ___________________ $ $.
2. $ $ , ________________ $ $ $. 3.  $
_________________ $, _________________ $. _________________
$, ________________ $. 4. $ $ $, $
___________________ $ $. ___________________ $ $ $,
________________ $ ________________ $.
) ?
1. $ $ $ $ $, $ $ $ -$. 2. $
 $ -$, $ $ $ $ $. 3. $
$, $ . 4. $ $ , $ $ $.
5. $ $, $ . 6. $ $ $, $
$. 7. $ $, $ $. 8. $ $,
$ $.

5.3

84. .
) , ? ?




) , .
) .

1. $, $.
2. $ $ $.
3. $ $ $ $ .
4. $ $.
5. $ $, $ $ $.
6. $ $ $.

) .

$ $ . $ $: $ $ $. $
$, $ $. $ $ $: $.
$ $, . $, $? $ $
$ $, ! $ $ $ ,  . $,
$ $ $ $. $ $ $, $ . $,
$ $ $...
$ $ $ $ $1. $, $
$ -$.  $ $ $, $, $:
1

? / ... -

1. I. 5

75

$, $. $ $, .  $ $
$ $, $ $ $ -$.
$ $ $ $ $, $ $ $. $ $
$ $, $ $ $ $. $
$ $, $, $ $ $ $. $ $
$, $: ...?, $ $
$.
 ( ) $ $  $. $
, $. $ $ . $ $ $,
$. , $ $. , $, - ,
$! $ $ $ , $ $ $,
$.
) .
1.__________________________________________________________________________
2.__________________________________________________________________________
3.__________________________________________________________________________
4.__________________________________________________________________________
) : ,
.

5.4

??? $ $ $? $ $ $? $ $,
$ $ $ $? $ $, $
$ $ ? $, $ $ $?
$ $, $ $, $? $
$ $? $?



) / . ?

$, $!
$, $! $? ?
$, $, $. $ $, $ $.
! $! $, $ $.

) , ,
.

. :
)
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

76

.. . : 5

85. ?
1. $
$,  $?
$ $ people.
$.
2. $
$ $ $?
$ $ $, $, $.  .
!.. $ $... $!

(ast)

$|   +

$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$...

m.
f.
n.
pl.

(, ) _ $_
(, ) $
$
(, , ) $

86. (ast).

+ $, $,
$,
$,
$...

: $  $.
1. $ $ $___ $ $. 2. $ $ $ $___
-$. 3. $ $ $___. 4.  $ $ $___.
5. $ $___ $ $. 6. $ $___, $
$___. 7. $ $___. 8. $ $ $___ ,
$. $___. 9. $ $ ___ $ $ . 10. $
$___  $. 11. $ $___ $ $ . 12. $
$___, $___.

87. . !
:   $ (). 
 $ $.
$? ,  $.
 $ $.
1.  $ (). 2.  $ $ (). 3.  (). 4. 
(). 5.  $ $ ($). 6.  $ $ ($). 7. 
(). 8.  ($). 9.  $ $ ($). 10.  $ ().
11.  $ $ ($). 12.  ().

1. I. 5

77


: 1) 
2) $
3) $
4) $
5) $
6) $
7) $

    

88. .
17, .
: 3  .

89. . , ?
) : $  $  .
$, $, $, $, $, $, $.
) (1 2):
$, $, $, $, $.
1) $ $ $?
$ . $, $ $, $ $
$.
2) $ $?
$ , $ $. $, $ ($*) $.

90. . ?

5.5

) 1. $ $ $.
2. -$ $ $ $.
3. $ $ $, $ $.
4. $ $ .
5. $ $ $, $ $.
6. $ $ .

) . ! ?

( . 300.)

* . (. 9).

78

.. . : 5



+


+ 

91. .
1 (  )
 $?
.
$ , $?
, .
$!
$!

?
1. $ $ $ $.
2. $ $, $ $.
3. $ $ $.
4. $ $.

2 (  )
$?
 , $.
!

?
1. $ $ $ $.
2. $ , $ $ $.
3. $ $, $ $ $.
4. $ $ $.

1. I. 5

79

92. 
??? ) $  $?
 $?  $?
 $?  $?
 $ $-3? $-6?
 $?  $?
 ?  $?
$ $ $.  $?
) ? / ?
:  $.
 $. .
93. ?  ? ( . 300.)
) : ($  $ $ -$ , $
 .)
   -$?
, .  $.
1. ($ $, $ $.)
$ ____________________ ?
, $ ____________________ . $ $.
2. ($ $ $ $ $ $, $ $ $
$ $.)
$ _______________  $?
, $ ______________ , $ $ ___________  $.
3. ($ $, $ $, $.)
______________ , $?
, ______________ , ______________ .
4. ($ $ $, $ $ $.)
______________  $?
, ______________ , ______________  $.

5.6

5. ($ $ $ $, $ $ $.)
______________  $?
, ______________ . ______________ .


80

) . .

.. . : 5

94. .

1.
3.

4.

2.

1. $ $ $ $. 
2. $ $ $. 
3. $ $ $. 
4. $ $.
???

/ ( 1, 2, 3, 4)?

)   ()
$  $?
, . $.  ,  .  $.
)   ()
! $ $ $! $ $?
 . $ $ $ $.  , . $.

95.  ()
??? $?
$?
$?
$?
$ $?
$ $. ?
$ ?
$?
$?

1. I. 5

81

96. .

5.7

1. !?
2. ?

 ) 

/$,
 $
$/$,

5.8

?
$ .
!  ?
, . $?
$, $.
, $.
$ $?
$ .
$.

$/$,
$/$...

) 
 ?
$ . - .
$ $?
$ $ (10.50). ?
 . $. $.
$ : $ (1.50).
-$/$,
 $
-$/, $/$
97. ? ( . 300.)
) ?
: ($  $, $ $ $ = $ .)
 $?
,  , $   $.
1. ($ $ $, $ $ -$.)
_____________  $?
, $ _____________ , $ _____________ $ 
-$.
2. ($ $ . $ $.)
_____________ ?
, _____________ , $ $ $ .
3. ($ $ $ $ $ , $
$ $ $.)
$ _____________ ?
, _____________ , $ _____________ .

82

.. . : 5

*) () ?
($ $ $, $ $.)
 $?
, .  ,  .
1. ($ $ $ $, $ $
$ $.)
_____________ ?
, _____________ .
 , _____________ , $ _____________ .

5.9

2. ($ $, $ $ $ $. $
$.)
_____________ ?
, _____________ , $ _____________ ,
$ _____________ .
 , _______________ , $ _______________
, $ _____________ .

) . ! ?
) ??? $ $? ?

, , 
 $. $ $ $. ($ $ , $ $). $
, $ $ $  $. $
$.
:
$
@

: $ |$
$
+
-| 

1. I. 5

m.

- (|$)
- ($|)

:  |$
$|

f.

- (|$)
- ($|)

83

98. + .

:
$ $ 
$ $ 
$| $ 
$ $ 
$| $ 
:
? _________________

:

$

$
$
:
? _________

:
? _______________
? _______________
? _______________
? _______________
? _______________
:
? _______________

:
? ________________
? ________________
? ________________
? ________________
? ________________
:
? ________________

99. . ?

$

$
$
$
$
$, -
$
$
$, -
$|, -
$
$
$
$
$
$

t
t

$
$
$

$

$
$, $
$
$
$, $
$
$
$
$
$
$

, 
$, 
$, $
$
$
$
$, 
, 

$, $
$
$, 
$, 
$
$, 
$
$, $
$

100. ?

: $ $ $ $ $?
$ $ $. $, $ $.
$, $, $, $, , , $, $, $, $, $, $, *$,
*$, *$.

84

.. . : 5

5.10

t


101. .
) .
 ) ():
(
 $ $?
__________ $ $.
 __________ $ $?
__________ $ .
 __________ $?
.
 $ $ $. $?
$ $.
 ?
39.
 ?
, .
 __________ $?
$  @ .
 $?
, .
 _______________________?
$ .  .
 $, $!
__________ $? $! $, $ $, 40,
$ 25.
 $?
, $. 143-12-54.
 143-12-54? $?
, $.
 $ $?
.
 $.  . $.
$.

 :
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
1. I. 5

85

) :
1. $ $ $, 45,
($ $),
($),
$,
$ $,
3, $ 125,
$: 355-16-87,
$.

2. $ $ $, 30,
, ,
$,
$ ,
. 23, . 45,
.: 135-71-09,
$.

3. .
4. .

86

.. . : 5

I
(: 25 )
: __________ / 65 ()
1. (______ / 11 ).
.
: .
1. ________________ . 2. ________________ . 3.
_________________ . 4. _________________ . 5. _________________ .
6. ________________ . 7. ________________ . 8.
_______________ . 9. (sing.) _______________ (pl.). 10. (sing.)
________________ (pl.). 11. , ________________ .
2. (______ / 14 ).
.
: ? .
1. ___________________? .
2. _________ __________________? .
3. _____________________? .
4. _____________________? .
5. ______________________________________? .
6. _____________________? , . ?
7. _____________ ? .
8. __________________? .
9. ___________________ ? .
10. ______________ ? , .
11. __________________ ? .
*12. _____________________ ? .
*13. ____________ ? .
14. _______________ ? , .
3. (: ______ / 7 + : ______ / 11 = ______ / 18).
) , .
: .
1. ____. 2. ________ . 3. _____ . 4. ____?
5. ____? 6. ________ . 7. ____?

1. I

87

) , , .
: () . () .
1. ______ () . 2. ______ () . 3. ______ ()
? 4. ______ () . 5. ______ () . 6. ______ ()
? 7. ______ () . 8. ______ () ? 9. ______ ()
. 10. ______ () . 11. ______ () .
4. (______ / 13).
+ / / / / / / / / / ... / ... /
/ .
1. , _____ . . 2. ?
_____ ! 3. , _____ . 4.
_____ ______ . 5. ______ ! 6. ______
? , ________ . 7. ________ , .
8. , _____ ! 9. __________ , __________ .
10. _______ , _______ . 11. __________ , , .
12. ________ , .
5. (: ______ / 4 + : ______ / 5 = ______ / 9).
) , , .
, , , , ?
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
_______________________
) .
.
_______________________?
.
_______________________?!
47.
_______________________, !
234-47-12.
_______________________, !
, ., . 10, . 7.
_______________________?
, . .

88

.. . : 5

II

t




-
-

1. I -/-:
, , , , ,
, .
2. (): ? (,
, , , , ,
, , ...).
3. : /.
4. : ? (+ , , ).
/ - ().

: ?
.
, !
:
?
: ?

6 (. 9099)

-
-

5. : ? , , ,
, , , , , .
6. , .
7. : 
8.
(acc.m.  (.) ).
9. : , , , .
() (...).

:
.
/
/ .
, .
.
? 
?

7 (. 100115)

10. : .
11. + acc. (): ,

12. ().

?
: ,
.
,
.

8 (. 116124)

13. . II : , , , ,
, , , ,
.
14. , , , .
15.  .
16. : , . : .
17. ? (/ -/-) .
18. . .
19. + ?
20. .
+ ( )

, , ?
?
: .
, , .
.
?

9 (. 125142)

21. (m., n., f.) .


22. .
23. , .
24. ? (  , , ,
, ).
25. - :
.
26. .

?
?
?

,
,
.

II (. 157158)
610 (. 289290)

10 (. 143156)

89

6.1



-, -, -, -, -  @ ,
$, $, $, , $, $, , $, $
-, -, -, -, - [] $ ,
, , $, , ;
$ $,  , ,  ,
 $


t

(verb) I
(present imperf.)
102.
) ( ) .
: $  $?
$, , $, $  $, $, $, $,
$.
) ) . ,
, , , ), .
| (8:00), | (14:00), | (19:00),
$|  |, |, |

+ (.)
+
(,  )

) ?

1. _______________

2. _______________

3. _______________

5. _______________
4. _______________

90

6. _______________
.. . : 5

??? 1. $ $ 10:00. ? 2. $ $ $. ? 3. $
$ 14:00. ? 4. $ $ $. ? 5. $
$ 16:00. ? 6. $ 23:00. ?
103. + .
$?
$ $?
 $.
 ?
$.
$ .
$.
 .
6.2

$ $ $.
$ $?
$.
$ $. $ $.
$ $.
$ $ $.
$ .
$ $?

104. ?

1. $ $___, $ $___ . 2. $ $___ . 3.


$, $___ . 4. $ $___ $, $ $___
. 5.  $. $___ . 6. $ $ $___ $,
$___ .

105. ! ( = )
$|/$? /$ $?
$|? / $?

1. _______________

4. _______________
1. II. 6

2. _______________

5. _______________

3. _______________

6. _______________

91

106. :   ?
: . ? .

6.3

1. $. ____ __? ____________________________________


2. $. ____ __? ___________________________________
3. $. _____ __? _________________________________
4. $ $. _____ ___? _____________ ______________
5. $ $. _____ __? ______________________________
6. $. _____ __? ________________________________
7. . _____ __? ______________________________________
8. $ $ $. _____ __? __________________________
9. $. _____ __? ____________________________



107. .
:
$, $!
?.. $! $?
$ $.
!.. $?  $!

@: $/, $
: $/, $
: $/$, $
@: /$, $ $

108. ! ?
:  ? , $.
1. $? 2. $? 3. $ $ $? 4. $ $? 5.
$? 6. $ $? 7. $ $? 8. $ $?
9. $ $? 10. $ $? 11. $ $ $?
12. $? 13. $ $? 14. $?

109. .
) 1: $| ($)  $/$ ($/$)
$, $|, $|, $|, $|, $|, $|,
$|...

92

.. . : 5

2: $ ()  | ($)
$, $, $, $;
$, |$, $|, $|...
??? ) $ $? __________________________________________________
$ $ $? ______________________________________
$ $? __________________________________________________
$ $?______________________________________________
$ $? $? _____________________________________
$ $? _____________________________________________
) .
:

$ $ $ $.

1. $ $ ____________________ ____________________.
2. $ $ ____________________ ____________________.
3. $ $ ____________________ ____________________.
4. $ $ ____________________ ____________________.
110. () -.
:
1.  $. __________________________________________________________
$ $?
2.  . ________________________________________________________________
$?
3.  $. _____________________________________________________________
$ $ $?
4.  $. ___________________________________________________________
$?
5.  $, $. ___________________________________________________
$ $?
6.  $. ____________________________________________________________
$ $?
7. $ -$. _____________________________________________________
$ $? $?
8.  $. ______________________________________________________________
$ ? $ $?
9.  $. ___________________________________________________________
$?

1. II. 6

93

? ()
(adverb)


$
$
$
$
$

 
$ 
$ 
$ 
$ 

$
+ / $ / $ / $
$
$, $
$  $...
$
 $,  $...
 $...
$

  
 $? . $? $.

111. ) .
1. $ $ $?
2. $ $? $ $?
3. $ $ -$?
4. $ $? / $ $?
5. $ $?
6. $ $ $ $, $ $?
7. $ $? $?
8. $ $ $ $?
$? ...? ...$?

6.4

) ?

112. ) + , ) .

: $ __________________ .  $ .
1. $ __________________ .
2. $ __________________ .
3. $ ________________ .
4. $ $ ________________ .
5. $ $ $ ___________________ .
6. $ ________________ .
7. $ $, $ __________________ .
8. $ $ __________________ .
9. $ __________________ .
10. $ $ __________________ .
11. $ __________________ .
12. $ $ __________________ .
13. $ __________________ .
14. $ __________________ .
15. $ __________________ $ $.
16. $ __________________ .

94

.. . : 5

113. ? ?
1: ,    ,  $ $
$ $?
$, $ $, $ , $ $ $ $,
$ $ $.
2: $, $ $, $ $ $ $ $,
$ , $ $ $ $, . $
, $ $ $.

6.5

$ $ $ $?
...$ $ $?
...$ $ $?
...$ $ $?
...$ $ $?
...$ $ $?

...$ $ $?
...$ $ $ $?
...$ $ $ $?
... $ $?
...$ $ $ $?
...$ $ $ $?

114. ( . 301.) ) +

, ) .

: $ _________ $.  $  $.

6.6

1. _________________ $. , $?
2. ____________________ _________________
$.
3. _______________ _______________ $.
4. $ _______________ .
5. $, $ $ _______________
_______________ .
6. $, _______________ $.
7. $, $ $ __________________________, $ $
__________________ . _______________ $?
8. $ $ _______________?
9. $  _______________ _______________ .

 :

$ $! $!  $!!!

$ $ $? 
 $ $ $! $ $ !
$? 
 $!  $!
$? 
 $! $ !

1. II. 6

95

6.7



115. , !

$, $ . $, $!
$ $ $?
. $ $ $ -$. $ $ $
$, $ $ $.

6.8

116.
) . ?
 1. $
$.

2. $ $ $, $ $.
3. $ $.
4. $ $ $.
5. $ $ $, $ $.
6. $ $ $.

) .

$ . $ $ $ . $ $
$, $.  , $ $ ,
$ $ 16:00, $. $, $
$ $. $  ,
$ $ $ $.  $.
$ $.
$ $ $,
$ $ . $ $ $
$, $ $, $, $
$. $, , $.
$ $.  $
$ . $ , $ , $ ,
$, $, , $... $
, $ $.
) ? $ $? $ $? $ $
$ $ , $ $ ? $ ?
$? $?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________


96

) , .

.. . : 5

117. + (adverb).
: $?
$ $, .
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$
$...

$?
0. _____
$
$ $, ___________________
.
1. _____ $?
$ $ ___________________ .
2. _____ $?
$ ___________________ .
3. _____ $ $?
$ $ $ ___________________ .
4. _____ $?
$ $, ___________________ .
5. _____ $ $?
$ $ ___________________ .
6. _____ $ $?
$ ___________________ $.
7. _____ $ $ $?
$ $__________________, __________________ .
8. _____ $ $ $?
$ $ ___________________ .

118. .

+ ?

:  $, $ $  $.
1. $ ______________ $, $ $, $.
2. ______________ $, $ ______________ $.
3. $ ______________ $, $ $ ______________ $ $.
4. $, $ ______________ $ $.
5. $ ______________ $, $ ______________ $.
6. $ $ ______________ $, $ $ $ $
$.
7. $ $, $ () ______________ $.
8. $ $, $ $ ______________ $.
9. $ ______________ $, $ $ ______________
$.

1. II. 6

97

?
(adverb)

 , $, ,  ()

$! ? $ .
$.
119.
) 
: $ $? ,  $.
1. $ $ $? 2. $ $? 3. $ $? 4. $
$ $ $? 5. $ $? 6. $ $ $?
) +
. 2.
$ $. 3. $
1. $ $
. 4.
$? 5.
$
$
$,
$ $. 6. 

. 8. $ $
,

$. 7. $
.
$
) ??? 1. $ $ $. $?
2. $ $ $. $?
3. $ $ $. $?

t


$  $, $  $, $  $

120.
? $? ? ? $? $? $?
$? $? $? $ 5?
* $? $? $? $? $?
$? $?

6.9

121. ( . 301.) .


98

) ! ?
1. $ $ $ $.
2. $ $ $ .
3. $ $ $, $ $ $.

.. . : 5

) !


??? $ $ $ $ ? $ $
$? $ $ $? $ $? $ $
$? $ $ ($ $ ) $, $ $?
$ ? $ ? $ $?
$?
)     ,  ?
?
____________________________________________________________________________




: / + (noun)
($|, f.)
$?

+ -  $ $|
$? + -  $ | (, m.)
122. ?
) $? (____ $|).
$? (____ ).
$? (____ $).
? (____ $).
? (____ $|).

$? (____ $).
? (____ $|).
$? (____ $).
$? (____ $|).
$? (____ $).

) ?
$?
$?
$?
$?

1. II. 6

$, $, $
$, $, $, $
$, , $
$, $, $, $

99

7.1

7
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -,
 -;
, $, , , , , , , $, $;
, $, $, $, $, $, $,
$;
[]: , $, $, , $, , $,
, $, , $, , $

, , ?

04:0011:59 $.
12:0016:59 .

17:0024:00 $.
00:0003:59 .

123.
1.  ($) ? $
) : $, $ ($) $?
$ 19:10.
! $ !

7.2

19:10, 05:15, 12:30, 18:25, 00:10,


13:00, 06:15, 01:20, 08:35, 19:00...

. 15? 
 ) 1.2.
. ?

( . 301302.)

______________
______________

______________
______________

100

______________
______________

______________
______________

______________
______________

.. . : 5

2.  ()? = ? 
)   ?
 .
?
!   .
)  ?
 , .
???   ? ? ?  
?
?

, ,  ()
  ,   
  
, , , 

124. !
??? 1.   ?
2.   ?
3.  ?
4.  ?
5.    ?
6.   ?

7.   ? ?
8.  ?
9.  ?
10.  ?
11.  .
 ?

125.  .
:  ? ,  .
1.  ? 2.  ? 3.   
? 4.  ? 5.   ? 6. 
 ? 7.   ? 8.    ?

126. , ?
1.   . 2.    . 3. 
. 4.   . 5.   . 6. 
. 7.     . 8.  . 9. 
 . 10.    . 11.  
 .

1. II. 7

101

? ?
? 

 ?
 .
 ?
 .

???   10:00, 13:00, 15:00, 17:00, 22:00...?


 ,  ?
127. ?  ?
) :

15:30 =

7.3

19:20 = __________________________
12:40 = __________________________
11:00 = __________________________
23:00 = __________________________
02:20 = __________________________

04:20 = ___________________________
14:00 = ___________________________
18:00 = ___________________________
01:10 ( ) = ________

) . ( . 302.)
|  | + (inf. verb)

  9:00   17:30.
128.
) .
:  (| 9:00)    9:00.
 (| 17:30)    17:30.
1.  (| 7:30). 2.   (| 14:30). 3.  (| 8:30).
4.  (| 19:00). 5.  (| 20:00). 6.   (| 8:00).
) + .
:

18:00  . 
18:00 ,  .

9:00   .
21:00   .
19:00  .
14:30  .

102

.. . : 5

129. . ? = ?  ?
:
)  (7 )1.

 ( ) ?
 .

)   (7 ).

  ?
  .

1.  ( ).
2.    (5 ).
3.   (5 ).
4.   (8 ).

5.  (30 ).
6.   ().
7.  ().
8.   (9 ).

 ?
_________________________________

  ?
_________________________________

130. .
:    ,    9:00,
  18:00?    9 .
1.    ,     17:00, 
 17:40? ______________________________________________________________
2.   ,    14:00, 
 14:15? _____________________________________________________________
3.    ,    19:00, 
 19:25? ______________________________________________________________
4.    ,     10:00, 
 15:00? ____________________________________________________________
5.   ,    8:00, 
 22:00, 14:00    1 ? ____________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
1

Gen. pl. (. ).

1. II. 7

103

131. ? +
?/ ? .

:  (10:00 ...) 
   ?
   10:00.
?
 (8:00 ...),  (... 17:00),  (10:00 ...),  (...
23:00),  (08:00 ...),  (06:15 00:30),  (... 23:30), (...
22:00),  (09:30 ...).

7.4

132. ( . 302.) .

) . .
?
1.   ,  .
2. .
3.    .
4.     .
5.     9:30.
6.     .

) .

()
[ 1 + ], [ 2 + ].
  ,  .
133. ) ?
1.   , 
  , ?
2.   ,  
  ,  ?
3.   ,  
  ,  ?
4.  ,   
 ,  ?
5.   ,  
  ,  ?
6.   ,  
  ,  ?

104

.. . : 5

) ? ?




) . ?
1.  , .
2.   ,     , 
.
134.
) , ?
1.    7:30. 2.    22:00.
3.    23:30. 4.    7:00.
5.    10:00. 6.    9:00.
7.  ,    . 8.  , 
  . 9. ,    .
10.  ,    .
)  ?
:    7:30 
    .

135. . !
) ?
... 8:30? 9:00? 10:00? 12:00? 13:00? 14:00? 17:00? 18:00? 19:00?
20:00?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

1. II. 7

105

) 1. ? ?
2. ? ? ?
3. ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

t
t

136.  (verb  noun).


, ?
) ?















 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 (______)
 ()
 (______)
(______)
 (______)
 (______)

) .
:  , __________________ 
 , .
 , __________________________________________________
 , ____________________________________________________
  , __________________________________________________
 ,_________________________________________________________
  , ________________________________________________________
 , ______________________________________________________
  , __________________________________________________
* , ____________________________________________________

106

.. . : 5

) ? !
:   .
1.  _________________.
2.    _________________.
3.   _________________.
4. ? ? ?  _________________.
5.   _________________.
6.   _________________.
7. ,    ______.
8. ,   _______________.
9.   _________________.
10.   _________________,  .
11.   _________________ .

. 1. 
.  . 
.  . 
. . 
.  . 

,

[ 1 ...],

.

[ 2 ...].

137. .
) + +

1. _________
, _________
?
________ .
2. ________ ,
3. _________ ,
_________ .
4. _________ ,
_________ .
_________  .
5. _________ ,
6. _________ ,
_________ ?
*7. _________ ,
_________  .

, (: ).
, (: ).

1. II. 7

107

) + , + , , ,
1. _________ , (/) _________  .
2. _________ , (/) _________  .
3. _________ , (/) _________  ?
4. ________ , (/) ________   .
5. _________ , (/) _________ .
6. _________ , (/) _________ .

138.
) +




 ()
  ()




) + , , , ?
1. , _________   .
2. , _________ .
3.  , _________  .
4. , _________  .
5. , _________   .
6. , _________  .
7.   , _________ .
8.  , _________  .
9.   , _________  .
) ?
 ?
   ?
    ?
    ?

 ,  .
,  .
, .
,  .

7.5

139. ( . 303.) .

) .

1.  ,  .
2.    .
3.    21:00.
4.   .

108

.. . : 5

) .
Q

7.5

Q  , __________  .  . ,
,  ,  ,  , Q ,
...  .      
.
, __________ ,  , __________ 
. , ,  . .
 , __________  ,  . 
  . , __________ .
  ,   . , ,
  , __________  ,  .
    , 11:00,  
   , 22:30. Q :  ,
____  . __________   , .
     , 19:00  __________
19:30.   ( 20:30),  : , .
.   :  ... ,
________________ ? ,  .  ,  
. , _____________  . 
 ,   .  ! ,
__________  . ,  !

) .
???  ?
 ,  ?
 ,  ?
    ?
 ?
 : ,  ?
 ( , ?)?

1. II. 7

109

) , , ,
? , ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

) .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

 * ?

 .
 .
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________

110

.. . : 5

t
Intr. verb + :








Tr. verb + :
1. , , , , ,
, , , ,
 + ? 


 .  .

2. , , ,
 + ? 

.
.

 . .

??? ?
: ,  ?
:  
3*-?

/
(nom.)

(tr. verb)

/
(acc.)

(pers. pronouns)
acc. = gen.

/ ? , ,
, , ,
 ?

  .
=  .
  / .

* 3 [ ].

1. II. 7

111

140. + .

: __________ () ____?   ?
1. __________ () ____? -, __________ () ____! 2.
__________ () ____? 3. __________ () ____? 4. __________
() ____? 5. ? __________ () ____? 6.
-? __________ () ____? 7. __________ () ____?
8. __________ () ? __________ () ____? 9.
? __________ () ____? 10. __________ () ?
141. . nom.  acc. pronoun.
: //.  .   .
1. //. 2. //. 3. //. 4. //
. 5. //. 6. //. 7. //
. 8. //. 9. //.
(acc.)
? / ?

?
sing. m., n.; pl. = nom.

 ,  .

?
m. = gen.1:

 /.

sing. f.: -/-; -:



?
  / .
(| / |)

?
  / / 2.
(| / | / )

142.

) + acc. f. sing.
1.  __________________ (|).
2.  __________________ (|).
3.   __________________ (|).
4.  __________________ (|)?
5.   __________________ (|).
6.   __________________ ().
1
2

112

gen. sing./pl. . (2).


Pl. f.  acc. = pl. f. gen.

.. . : 5

) + acc.
1.  __________________________________ (, |, |, ).
2.   _______________________________________________ (|).
3.   ______________________________ (|, |, |).
4.   __________________________ (|, |, |).
5.  _______________________ () _____________________(|).
6.  ________________________________________ (|, |, ).

) + acc. ?

+ : , ,
 :
 , ; , ...   , ...
/ :
 , ... /  , 

143. + : ? (m., n. acc. = nom.)


1. 
2. 
3. 
4.  
5.  
6. 
7. 
8. 
9. 
10.  
11.  
12.  

.
.
.
 .
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

(?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)
(________?)

1.
?

.

144. .
?
.

1. II. 7

 (, ). Q (, ).


 (, ).  (, ).
 (, ).

113

145. + (, , ).
:  . _______ .  .
1.  . ________ . 2.  . ________ .
3. . ________ . 4. . ________
. 5. .  ________ . 6.  .
________ . 7.  . ________ .
*8. . ________ . 9.  . ________
. 10.  . ________ .

146. () ?
= 

:  ? /  ?
=
. / .
? /  ?
.
?  ?

1.   .
2.   .
3.    .
4.    .
5.   .
6.  .
7.   .
*8.   .
*9.   .
?
10.  .
?
11.  .

/?
12.   .
13.  .

* 147. () + ().









114

?
 ?
?
 ?
  ?
?
?
 ?
?
 ?

.
.
.
, !
.
.
9:00.
.
.
.
.. . : 5

148. .

:
1. Q,  ________________________,  .
2. Q , ________________________ .
3.  ________________________  .
4. ! ________________________?
5.  ________________________  .
7.  ________________________ ,  .
9. ________________________ 19:30.
14. Q . ________________________ .
:
5.  ,  ________________________ .
6.  , ________________________ .
8. ________________________  .
10. !   ________________________ -!
11.  ________________________ ?
12.  23:00, ________________________ .
13.  ,  ________________________ .
15. Q   ? ________________________?
16.  . , ________________________!

1. II. 7

115

8.1

8
, , -, -, -, -, -, -,
 -,
-, -, -, -;
 ,  ,  , ,
 ,  , , ;
, , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , 

149. .
1. .
1. _____________________________________________________________ ?
Q. /   .
2. _____________________________________________________________ ?
,  .
3. _____________________________________________________________ ?
.
4. _____________________________________________________________ ?
 13:00.
5. _____________________________________________________________ ?
, .
6. _____________________________________________________________ ?
, .
7. _____________________________________________________________ ?
 .
8. _____________________________________________________________ ?
? !
9. _____________________________________________________________ ?
. /  .
10. _____________________________________________________________ ?
, , .

116

.. . : 5

2. .
:  (4). 
1. ? ().
2.  ? ().
3.  ? ().
4. ? ().
)    (4).  ________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
)    (4).  _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
)   14:30 (4).  _________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
)    (5).  _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
3. ) (pronouns).
 ?
?
?
?
?
?
?

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____

_____
_____
_____


_____
_____
_____

_____
_____
_____
_____

_____

_____

_____
_____
_____
_____

_____
_____
_____
_____

 ?

__

_____

_____

_____

_____

__

_____

__

__

_____
__

) Q . ____________  . ____________ ____? ____________


 . ___ ____________ . ____________, . 
____________ .
____________ ? ____________ ? ____________ ____?
___ __________ ? __________  ? __________ __________ ?

1. II. 8

117

1
?

150. .
:    -?
, .
?
 ,  .
/   /  -
/   /  
/   /  
 /  / 
/   / 




  










   ?  ?  ?  ?



, Q, Q, Q
|, |... | (I)

_




 Q




_
X
X
X

_




151. , .
:    X .
 _______________________________________________________
 ______________________________________________________
  _____________________________________________________
  _____________________________________________________
  ____________________________________________________
________________________________________________________
  ____________________________________________________
 ___________________________________________________
 _________________________________________________
1

118

Past, imperfective aspect.

.. . : 5

  _______________________________________________
 ______________________________________________________
 ________________________________________________________
  ______________________________________________________
  _____________________________________________________

152. : () + ().
) :   .  ?
  ,    , 
.

1.   .
 ?
2.  .
 ?
3.    .
?
4.  .
?
5. () .
 ?

, , 
, , , 
, , , 
, ,
,  (pl.), (f.)

) !
, , ,
. :
  ,  ,   ,
. ?
 .

1. II. 8

119

153. (past present?).


1.    ___,  ___ .
2.   ___ .
3.    ___,   ___ ?
4.   ___ ?  
___ .  ___.
5.   ___.
6.   ___?   ___ .
7.   ___ , 1 ___  .
8.   ___,  ___ ,  ___ 
.
9. ___ ?
10.  ___,    ___.
11.   ___.  ,  ___?
12. ___ ?
13.   ___,  ___.
14. ___   .
15.  ___?
16. ___ ?

8.2

154. ( . 303.) .

) .
? ?
1.   .
2.   .
3.    .
4.   ,   .
5.     .
6. Q  ,  .
7.   .
8.   .

) . , .

? ? ? ?
1

120

= .

.. . : 5

) . , .

2. ___________________
1. ___________________

3. ___________________

4. ___________________

5. ___________________

) !

8.3

? , , , ,
? ? ? ?
? , , ?
? ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________



155. Acc. : ?
) . : , ,
, ?

 !
! Q .

1. II. 8

 !
 !

121

) 1?
 + (acc.):
 ,  ,  /,  ,
 ,  ,  ,  ,
 ,  ...
() + (acc.):
 () ,  ,  ...
+ ...
156.
= . . (past).

, :
  ,  . 
  ,    
... __________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________.

157. + : , ... ? ( ).
1. ,  ____________ . 2. Q  . 
Q ____________ , ____________ . ____________
 ? 3. ,  ____________ . 4.
, ____________ . 5.  : ,  ___________
? 6.  : , ,  ____________ .
, ____________  . 7. Q , ____________ .
8. ,  ? Q ____________ ? , 
____________ . 9. Q ____________ , . 
____________ ,  ____________ .

122

, , , , , . .

.. . : 5

158. !
: Q  ?
,   . ,  .
 
 




 
 




8.4

159.




) . ?
) !

!   ?
,    . . , .
  . .
!  ! ?   ?
-. .  ?  ...
,  ,  .  . Q 
!
Q ! !

 160. !
 []:     ,   , 
: ,  ?
! Q  ! / ! ,   .
? ? ? ? ? ?
  (=  )? ?

1. II. 8

123

8.5



161.
) , . ?
) . .

 .
! ?
, . ?
 . ,   ?
, .
 ?
 , ,  .
! , , .
 !  .  !
. .

  :
) , ,
;
) , .

??? 1.   (, , )   
 13:00. ?
2.     24 . ?
162. ?
( ) present, past.
:   _______ .   _______ . 
  ().   .
1.    _______ ,   _______ . 2. 
_______ ,  _______ ! 3.  _______
.  _______? 4.   _______ , 
 _______ . 5.  _______ ,   _______ .
6.   _______ ,   _______ . 7.   , _______ ,  ,
 _______ . 8.   _______  . ,  
_______ . 9. ,  _______   . 10.  _______
? _______ ? 11.  _______ , 
_______ . 12.  , _______  .

124

.. . : 5

9.1

9
+ , , !
 ,,,,,
, , , , , ,
, , , ,  
- -, -, -, -, -
,  , ,  , 
,  ,  ,  ,  ;
, , , , , 
  .  .  .
 ?

( II: -)
|Q||
X

/


 X

|Q||

|||

X*

/ 


 

|||

 *, , , + , (, )
|||, |||, |||
+ |||, |||

+ *|||, |||

past: __, __, __, __, __, __, __.

 ?

1. II. 9

125

163. .
1. :
,  ,
,
,
,
2. :
, , , 
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
3. :
, ,  , ,
, ,
:
, ,
, ,

164. + .
1. ________________ (|)? , _________________ ()
_______________ (||). 2. , ________________
(|)? ________________ (|), ________________
(|). 3. , ____________________ (|) ?
________________ (|) . 4. ________________
(|) . 5. ________________ (|)? ,
________________ (|), . 6. ________________
(|||) , ________________ (|). 7.
________________ (|) ? 8. ________________ (|||)
?
9. , ________________ (|), ________________
(|||). 10. ____________________ (|||),
________________ (|). 11. ________________ (|||)
, ________________ (|) . 12.
________________________ (|) ,
________________ (|||)? 13. ________________ (|)
- , - , - . 14. ,
_________________________ (|), . 15. 
________________ (|||) .

126

.. . : 5

,    ,   , ?
 1.2.
  ? ,     
,   . Q  .  ?
3. Q ,  ? ?

165. . !
,   .
 ____________
  ____________
  ____________
  ____________
  ____________
 ____________

  ____________
  ____________
 ____________
  ____________
  ____________
 ____________

166. !
1.  :
 _______________________
 _________________________
 __________________________
____________________________
 _______________________
 _________________________

 _____________________________
 ________________________
 __________________________
 ____________________________
_____________________________
 ________________________

2. (past)  (present):
 ________________________
 __________________________
 ______________________
 ___________________________
 ________________________
 ____________________________
3. (present)  (past):
 ___________________________
 __________________________
 ______________________
 ____________________________
 __________________________
 ______________________________
 __________________
 ___________________________

1. II. 9

127

1. , , , , ,  + (acc.)
2. , ,  +

167. / .
) + (m. , n., pl.)
1.   ________________________ ( ) . 2.  
_________________ (),  _________________ ()  .
3.    ______________ (). 
______________ ()  ,  ______________ () .
5. ,  ,   ______________ (). 6. 
__________ () ? 7. ______________ () ?
) + f. sing.
1. ,  ____________ ()  _____________ ()?
2. ______________ ()  ? 3.  ______________ (),
  ______________ (-). 4.   
 ______________ (). 5.   , 
______________ (). 6. ______________ () ? 7. ______________
() , ______________ ()? 8.  ______________
()?
168. !
) + (?)
1.   ______________ (). 2.   ______________
(). 3.  ______________ (). 4.  ______________
()  ______________ ()? 5.    ______________
( ). 6.  ______________ ( ). 7.  
______________ ().
) (?: /) (/?)?
1.  _____ ______________ ()  ______________ ().
2.   _____ ______________ ()  ______________ ().
3.  _____ ______________ ()  ______________
(). 4.   _____ _________________ () 
______________ (). 5.  ______________ ()? _____
______________ ()? 6.  ______________ ( )?

128

.. . : 5

  . 
  . 
 .
Q

 .
 .

   .
  .

??? , ? ?
, ? ?

 .   , ...1

169. ? / ?
1. ___ ___________________________ ().
2. ____ _______________________ ()?
3. ____ __________________ ______________________ (, ).
4.   ____ _______________________ ().
5. , ____________________ ()  : __________________ ()
 ___________________ ()?
6.  ____ __________________ __________________ (, )?
7.  ____ _____________________ () .
8. ____ ______________________ (),  .
??? ,  :   ?
1

, . (), ()... .

1. II. 9

129

9.2

170. ( . 304.) : .

) , .
 ,  
 __________________ .
  : 
_______________,  _____________?
 ,  ,
  _____________, 
.
  , ,  
_________________,  .
  , ,  
_______________,  _________________.

, , , , , , , 




) , ?
171. + (m.), (f.), (n.) (pl.)?
) _________ , _________ , _________ , _________ ,
_________ , _________ , _________ , _________ ,
_________ , _________ , _________ , _________ ,
_________ , _________ , _________ , _________ ,
_________ , _________ , _________ , _________ .
 _________ . _________  . _________ _________ .
) )!
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
) 1.  __ __ ,   .
2.   __ __ __ __ .
3. __ __ __ __  , .
4.    __ __ __ __ __ __ .
5.  __ __ __  .

130

.. . : 5

172. + //, / .
:   ?
, .  ,   ,
  .

1. / //



 

2. /// 

 ,
 

3. / /

 
 

4. / / 

 
 

5. /// 

 

 

6. ///

 

 

7. // /


 

173. + ( I II?). .











1. II. 9

 ___ .
___  .
 ___.
 ___ ___ .
 ___.

 ___ .
___  -.
___ .
___, ___.
  ___ .

131

9.3

174. ,
.

?
1.  , ,   .
2.  ,   , ,  .
3.     .
4.   ,     .
5.    ,  .
6.     .
7.  ,  .
8.  ,     .
9.     .

Q
  
.   
 ,   
, ,  .
  ! Q
! , 
  , 
,   .
 , ,
 ,  . 
 , . Q
 !   
 !  
?  ,  ?
,  ,  .
  
,    ,
   ,   , ... ,
 ,     .
.  10 15   .   ,
  .  , ,     ,
   ,  ,  , 
.    !   . , 
...
???

132

1. ? ?
2. , ?
3. , ? ?
.. . : 5

, ? .
 ____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

? ?
1.  . ()  2.  . ()
   ?
(= ?)

 ,   1 .
 ,   2

   ?

  ?

175. ?
) : ,  . 
 ?
1.  ,    . 2.  , 
 . 3.   ,  , 
  -. 4.   ,  
. 5.     ,  
. 6.   ,   .
7. ,   . 8.  , 
 . 9.  ,  . 10.  , 
.
1
2

/ , .
.

1. II. 9

133

) :  .
: ,  . 
,  .
176. ? !
) 1.  . + . 2.   . +
 . 3.  . +   . 4.  .
+ . 5.   . +   .
6. ,  . +  .
) + .
1. __________________________________________,    .
2.  ,  __________________________________________ .
3. ___________________________________________________,   .

=
) , /   .
)  , 1.

177. + , ?
1. , _________________   .
2.  , _________________   .
3. _________________    ,   .
4.     , _________________  
.
5. , _________________  .
6. _________________ , .

134

().

.. . : 5


 ,   , 
  ,   
  
  

/ X ( -, m.)
/  ( |, f.)
/  ( |, n.)
*  (|)

  .
  .
  .
 .
 .
:  ,  .
???  ?  ? ? ?
178. + ?
) .
   _____________ .
 _____________ .
 _____________ .
   _____________ .
   _____________ .
   _____________ .
  _____________ .
 _____________ .
   _____________ .
   _____________ .
  _____________ .
 _____________ .
   _____________.
 _____________ .
   _____________ . ?











-

) .
1. ? ? 2. ? ?
3. ? ? 4. ? 5.
? ? 6. ? 7.
? 8. ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

1. II. 9

135

 ---- , , . .
| (I, )
|
|
/ |

|
|
|
(-, -, -)

+ ?

9.4

(f.)





...

 1. ? 2.  ?
 t 179. ( . 304.) ?
, !

______
__________________
__________________

______
__________________
__________________

______
__________________
__________________

______
__________________
__________________
??? ?  7, 3, 8, 6?  ?
 ? , ,  ?
 
?

180. ? .
) 1.  ______________________ ().
2.  ____________________ (), _____________________
().
3.  ______________________ ().
4. Q ______________________ (Q).
5. ______________________ (Q),   ______________________
().
6.   ______________________ ().
7.   ______________________ (Q).
8. ______________________ ()?

136

.. . : 5

) . ?

181.
) + .

1. _____________ . 2.  _____________  ,
 _____________ . 3. _____________ . 4. 
_____________ ,  _____________ . 5. , 
_____________? 6. ,  _____________ ? 7. 
_____________? _____________ ? 8.  _____________!
9. _____________ . 10.  _____________  
,  ,  _____________ .  
_____________  .
)  ?
??? 1) 1.   ? _________________________________________
2.  ? ______________________________________________
3.   ? ____________________________________________
4.  ? ______________________________________________
5.  ? ____________________________________________
2) _____________,  .  _____________, .
  ,   _____________!  _____________,
.   _____________,   .

182. ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ?
________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. II. 9

137

* 183. ) (13). ?
1.   . 2.  . 3.   .
4.   . 5.   . 6.
 ? 7.   . 8. Q  .
9.   . 10.  . 11.  .
12.   . 13.    . 14. 
 . 15.   . 16.   .
17.  . 18.   , 
 . 19.  .

9.5

( 1, 3, 4, 6, 7, 8, 9, 11, 14, 15, 17, 18, 19)

) . ( . 304.)

? ?


184. ) . ?
1.  _________________ ().  /
2.  _________________ ().  /
3.  _________________ ().  /
4.   _________________ ().  /
5.   _________________ ().  /
6.  _________________ ().  /
7.   _________________ ().  /

138

) . / ?

.. . : 5

185. ? !

???  (  )
  ?
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

?
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________
__________________________________

|, |, |
|, |, |

(I) ||:

, ,
 //

???    ? ?  ?  ?
 ?

186. ? ,
?
:


,   ?
 .
   ?
  .
    ?
  .

1. 
2. 3.* 4.  5.  6.

*

Future imperfective.

1. II. 9

139

9.6

187. ?.

) ! ?
!  ?   ?
 .
 9:20. ,  10:20?
? 10:20? ... , . ,  , 10:30.
.

 (+/1:20; 9:20)

 (+20/30 , 18:30)
 (+30/40 , 19:10)
) SMS []!
: .   10 . Q.
+10 , Q; +20 ,  Q; +, , +15 , 

188. .
:  (...20...)   (+15C...)   (+35C...)
) ! Q , ?  ?
, ,  .
:  / .
:  /  .
:  / .

:  /  .
:  /  .

, , , 
)  ! !..   ?
, .   +25 !
, / +25, .
,  / +3, .
 / +30, .
, / 10, .
,  / +2, .

140

.. . : 5

189. ! //:
, , ?

 ____________
______________
 ______________
_______________

 _____________
_______________
_______________

1. II. 9

141

190. / + // + .

: .
()  . ()  .
1. Q ... 2.  ... 3.  ... 4.  
... 5. Q ... 6. Q ... 7. Q ... 8. Q ...
9.  ... 10. ...
191. + + ,
?
1.  ____ ______________ . 2.  __________________________.
3.  ____ ______________. 4.  _____ __________________ .
5.  ____ ______________. 6.  ___________________________.
7.  ____ ______________.
8.  ____________________,   ____________________,
_________________ .
9.  ______________ ,  ______________,  ______________, 
______________ .

192. .
: )  ?
!   ,  !
)  ?
,  . / ,  .
??? , , , , , , , , ,
.
193. !
, ?
1. , , , .  __________________________________________________
2. , , , .  _________________________________________________
3. , , .  ________________________________________________
4. , , , .  _______________________________________________
5. , , .  _____________________________________________________
6.  , , , .  ___________________________________________
7. , , , -.  __________________________________________
8. , , , . __________________________________________
9. , , , .  _________________________________________________
10. , , , .  ___________________________________________

142142

.
.. . : 5

10.1

10
, , + , !
 ,
, , , []- ,  ;   ,
, , , ;
, , , , ,  ,  ,
, , , , ;
, , , ,  ,  ,  ,
, , , , , , 

(plural)

-, - 
-/, - 

- 
- 

-/-
(m.)
 |
|  |
|  |

-/-
(n.)
|  |
|  |

(f.)
|  |
|  |
|  |
|  |
|  |

|  |

|  |

 -// ////
|, |, |, |
(-| -)

|, |, |, |


(-|  -|)

194.
) :

...|  = ...

...

...

...

...

...

...|

. 10
1. II. 10

...|

...

...

...|

...

...

...|

...

143

143

) .

:
 ________________________
 _________________________
 ________________________
___________________________
 _________________________

 ___________________________
_______________________________

 __________________________
 _____________________

!!!   ,
|  |, |  |,
|  |, |  |

195.  (sing.  pl.).


:   (|  )
 ______________
 _____________
 _______________
 ______________
 _______________
 _____________
 _______________
 ____________
 ________________
_________________
 ___________
 ______________
 _______________

_______________
 __________
 ____________
______________
 _____________
 ________________
 ______________
 _______________
 _____________
 ______________
________________
 ____________
 ______________

 __________
 __________
 _______________
 ____________
 ________________
________________
 _______________
 ___________
 ____________
________________
 _________
________________
________________

196.  (pl.  sing.).


:    
 _____________________
  _______________________
  _________________
  _____________________
  _____________________
  __________________

144144

  _______________________
  ___________________
 __________________________
  ________________________
  ______________________
  ____________________

.
.. . : 5

  ____________________
  ______________________
  ____________________
  ____________________
  _____________________
 ________________________
  ______________________
  ___________________

  ________________________
 ____________________
  _____________________
  _________________
  ______________________
  ____________________
  _____________________
  ____________________

 
 

|
| m.
| (-) f.
| pl. (m. + f.)

*X|
|
|
|

|, |, *|,


|, |,  (|),
|...
*|, *| (|)...

|
|
| (-)
|
+ ...

|

|
|

|
|
|
|
+ Q|

|

|
|

) |
|
|
|

) |, Q|,
| (--)
) |, Q|,
|...

|
|
|
|


|
|
|

) 
|
|
|

|
|
|

|
|
|
|

:
______________
______________
______________

( )? ?
?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

. 10
1. II. 10

145

145

??? 1. , /  ? ,
   ,  , 
,  ,  ...  
?
2. ,    ?
    _____________ + _____________
()
()
197. .
, , .

10.2

: ,  ...
198. 1. : , ?
2. ? ?

?
Q  .
?
.
?
Q  .
 ?
,  ,  .

10.3

199. ( . 304305.)
) 1. . 2.
.

Q Q?
  ,  ,  , 
   .   ,  ,
 .  ,   ,   ,
 . . ( ).
,    __________________ ___________________,
 ____________________, ______________________, _________________________,
______________________ _________________.   __________________
.    _________________.
____________________   , ____________________
.
______________________, ____________________ __________________________
  . ________________________, ______________________

146146

.
.. . : 5

____________________   . Q 
_________________,  ,  .
   _______________________,
_________________________, ________________________
____________________.
  .   
_________________, _________________, _________________
____________________.
 ?
, !
 ________________,
___________________________,
__________________________.  :
, BMW [], , ,
, ...
 ,    
,  |  .
  _____________, ________________
____________________.

) .
) , ? ?
/ ?
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

1
+
  -. =  -.

1
() , , ,
.

. 10
1. II. 10

147

147

200. + .
) 1.    ______________ (). 2.  ______________
() . 3. ______________ (). 4. ______________
() -. 5.   ______________ (). 6.
,    , ______________ (),  .
) ???  ,   ?  
?   ?   ? 
 ?   ?..
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
201. .

148148

.
.. . : 5

:
1.     .
2. ,  .
3. |    .
4.   , , .
6.   .
7.    .
8.   .
10.   .    .
12.   , Q.   .
13.  . .
:
5.   .
7. ,  ,  .    ( ).
9.  .
11.     .
14.   Q, Q,  .
15.   .   .
16.  .

202. . .
1.       ?
____________________________________________________________________________
2.    ?
____________________________________________________________________________
3.   ?
____________________________________________________________________________
4.   ?
____________________________________________________________________________

203. . ..., ....


:     .
,     ,
, ...
)    .    .
    .    
( ).   .    . 
    .    .
   .
+ ...

. 10
1. II. 10

149

149

) ,   .
  -.
 .
+ ...

204. . ?
 
 ,
 ,
 ,
 ,
 .

 
 ______________________ ,
 ____________________ ,
 _______________ ,
 __________________ ,
 _______________ .

205. ? ?







10.4





 


, , + , !
 1)
- , ,  , , 
, ;
- ,  , [], , , , ,
, , ;
--   ;
--   ;
-- ; --   ;
--   ;
2) --  ; -  ;
--  ;
--  ; --  

206. .
: !  ?  ?
! .  ?
!  .
, , , ; , ; , ...

150150

.
.. . : 5


(plural)

m. (-  )
, , , , , ,
, , , , , , ,
, , , , 

n.

|/
|/
|/

 (pl.)
  (pl.)

(-  )

/

/
/




/-

 / 
| /-
| /-

| /-

/

. 10
1. II. 10

151

151

10.5



207. . ?
? .
Q Q?
! ,  ?
, , 23:10.
 ?
, 9:00.
 ?
,  .
... . !
 ?   !
?!   ?  
  ...

208. (plural).

:  . ? ... 

 . ?
 .

1.  , ? ...
2.   , ? ...
3. , ? ...
4. , ? ...
5.  , ? ...
6. , ? ...
7.  , ? ...
8. , ? ...
9.   , ? ...
209. + (plural).
 _____________
_______________
 _______________
______________
 ____________
________________
_______________
 ______________
 ___________
 ________________
 ______________

152152

_______________
 ____________
 ____________
 ___________
 ______________
 _____________
_______________
 ______________
_______________
 ____________
 ______________

 ______________
 ______________
 _______________
 __________________
 _______________
 ______________
 __________________
_____________
 ______________
 _________________
 ____________

.
.. . : 5

210. + = .
1. ,   .
2. ____________ .
3.   ,   ____________.
4.  ____________ .
5.  , ________   .
6. ____________ .
7.   ,   ____________ .

 







211. 3 :


, , , , , , , , , , , , ...
212. , pl.

:
2. Q , .
3. , .
5.   2 ( ).
,  ...
7. , , , ...
8.    
,    ...
:
1.  .  
.
2.  .
4. .  .
6. , , ... ...
?
  , ,
   ()




213. !
1.  ? ? 2. ? ? 3. 
 ? 4.    (, ...)?

. 10
1. II. 10

153

153

5.    ? 6.  ,  ?
7.   ? ? ? 8.  ?
9.   , ? ?

214. : / ?

_____________________________________
_____________________________________

_________________________________________________
_________________________________________________

215. ?
  .   .   .
  .  .   
.     .  
  .     .    .
   .   ,
 .
   .     
.    .  ,
.  ,  .   .
   .    
 .
216. (plural) + .
:   , .
1. ___ __________________________________________________________
2. __________ _______________________________________________
3. ____ _____________________________________________________
4. ____ ________________________________________________________
5. ____ _____________________________________________________
6. ___ ___________________________________________________
7. ____ _________________________________________________________
8. ____ ____ ______________________________________________
9. ____ _______________________________________________________
10. ____ ________________________________________________
11. ____ ____________________________________________________
12. ____ ___________________________________________________

154154

.
.. . : 5

217. + ?
1.   ________________________ .
2.    ________________, 
  _____________________.
3.    ________________________ .
4.     ________________________.
5.    ________________________ .
6.     ________________________ .
7.    ________________________ .
8.   ________________________ .









218. ?
,    .
,  , .
:

1.   ?
2.   ?
3.  ?
4. ?
5.   ?
6.   ?
7.   ?
8.  ?
9. ?
10. , ,  ?
11. ,   ?
12.    ?
13. , ?
14.  ?

, , ,
, , ,
, ,
 , ,
, ,
, ,
,
,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ,
, ...

219. ( , )  | (, ).
) ???   ?   ?  
?    ?    ?
    15?  25?  
?   ? ?
) :

  .     .

1.  . 2.  . 3.   .
4.   . 5.  . 6.  . 7.
 .

. 10
1. II. 10

155

155

220.

 (. 317)

) !

(m. pl.)!
) .

1. , Q,   
_________________.
2.  ,  ___________.
3. Q  ,   _____________:
.  __________.
4.   ,  
_________________?
5. Q   -.
 _________________: 
?
6.  ,   
_________________.

221.

!!!    (sing. f.)!


, , , , 
) .
, , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , 
:

:

:


:

:

) , .
:   .
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________

156156

.
.. . : 5

II
(: 25 )
: __________ / 60 ()

1. (: ___ / 7 + : ___ / 3 + : ___ / 3,5 + : ___ / 5 =


___ / 18,5 ).
) :
 _____________,  _____________,  _____________,
 _____________,  _____________,  _____________,
 _____________.
) :
 ________________ (),  ________________ (),
 ________________ ().
) [ = 0,5]:
____________________, __________________, ____________, _______________,
_________________, _________________, __________________
) :
_________ _________, _______, _______, ______ .
2. (_______ / 11).
1. _________________________________? . .
2. _________________________________? .
3. _________________________________? 10:00.
4. _________________________________? .
5. _________________________________? . .
6. _________________________________? . .
7. _________________________________? .
8. _________________________________? .
9. _________________________________? . .
10. _________________________________? . .
11. _________________________________? . .

1. II

157

3. (: ______ / 7 + : ______ / 9,5 + : ______ / 5 =


______ / 21,5).
) , past/present/future.
1. __________ , . 2. ___________,
___________ . 3. ___________ . 4.
___________ ? 5. ___________ . 6.
___________ , .
) Past present? + , , , , , ,
, , + [1,5]:
1. ______________ , ______________ .
2. ? , _____________ . 3. , ?
_____________ . 4. ? _____________ .
5. _____________ . 6. _____________
. 7. _____________: ?
8. _____________?
) Plural:
_____________, _____________, _____________,
_____________, _____________ .
4. (_______ / 7).
+ / / / / / / ... .
1. _______ , _______ . 2. _______ ,
. 3. , _______ . 4.
, _______ . 5. , _______ .
6. _______ , . 7. , _______
.
5. (_______ / 2).
! () + ().
1) !
2) !
3) !

158

) !
) .
) !

.. . : 5

III



t

1. .
2. .  .

? ?
:
.
-.
?
?

11 (. 160170)

3.
( ):  , ;
() , .
.:  ,  .
4. ().
5. (+ ).
6. , , .

? ?
,
?
:
/
?

12 (. 171185)

7. II : |,
|, |, | (, , , ).
8. . m. ., f., n.: nouns, possessive pronouns,
adj. (, , ).
9. : ()! () !

? ?
.
( ).
/ ?
!
?
!

13 (. 186196)

-
-

10. , .
11. () :
.
12. .
13. (prep. sing. nouns): 1) ? (-, -).
14. . .

?
.
.
?
.

14 (. 197205)

15. ? (-). m. (-).


16. ?
17. (prep.): 2) , ?

(pers. pronouns, prep.).
18. . , , | (/).
19.  () ...,
20. : , , ,
, , , , ,
, , .

?
?
: !
: , , ,
, , , , ,
, ...

III (. 220222)
1115 (. 290291)

15 (. 206219)

11.1

11
 --, --, --, --, --;
 E
', ' ' ', E E,
E E, E, ' E, '[] , ' '
E. E E. E .
-, -, -, -;
E E , E E , E E ,
E, E, E

, , , ?
(adjectives)

222. |' (m.), |' (f.), |' (n.) |' (pl.: m./f./n.)?
: ___ E? ' E?
___ E? ___ ? ___ E? ___ E? ___ E? ___ E?
___ E? ___ E? ___ E? ___ ? ___ E? ___
E? ___ E? ___ E? ___ E? ___ E? ___ E?
___ E? ___ E?
223.

) , ? !
E| !
E. E, ' .
|'? |' E E|?
E|, E.

(m.): (m.)
E (n.): E (m.)
E (m.): E (n.)

E! .
|' E!

) ? (adj. m. sing.)
E|  E|
E|  |'
E|  E|
E|  |
|'  |
E|  E|

160

E|  E|/|'
|  |/E|
E|  E|
|  |
|' E| E|
E| | E|

.. . : 5

?
______________________________

224. .
1. E E: E E E? E E ? E E E?
E _____________________, _________________ _________________ E.
2. E E : E, E E ? E E E? E E
?
M __________________, _______________ , ___________________ .
3. E E: E, E E E? E E E? E
E E?
E ________________, __________________, _______________ E.
4. E E ': E E E? E E E? E ?
M ______________________, __________________, _________________ E.

1. :

|', |', |', |', |', |'  |'


m.:
f.:
n.:
pl.:

|E
|E
|E
|'

-
-
-
-*

|' / |'
|' / |'
|' / |'
|' / |'*

 * ////// + ,
'  '
'  '
E  E

225.
) ///?
: _______ (___)? E  E (pl.)?
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E

1. III. 11

_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E

_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E
_______ (___)? E

161

) + ///?
: ? __  E.
E? __
E? __
E? __
E? __

E? __
E? __
E? __
E? __

E? __
E? __
E? __
E? __

E? __
E? __
E? __
E? __

1.2. :

E|, E|, E|, E|, E|, |, E|,


E|, |, E|, E|, E|, |, E|,
*E|, *|, *E|, *E|

m.:
f.:
n.:
pl.:

-
-*
-
-

-*
-
-
-*

E| / E|
E| / E|
E| / E|
E| / E|


2. :

E|, E|; *E|, *E|,


'|, '|, '|, '|, '|, '|,
'|, '|, '|, '|
226. 
:

_____ E  E E ().

1. E_____ E, E_____ E, E_____ E;


2. E_____ E, E_____ E;
3. _____ E, _____ E, _____ E, _____ E;
4. E_____ E, E_____ E, E_____ E, E_____ E;
5. _____ E, _____ E, _____ E, _____ E;
6. _____ , _____ , _____ E, _____ ';
7. E_____ , E_____ E, E_____ E, E_____
E;
8. E_____ E, E_____ , E_____ E, E_____ E
227. 
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E

162

E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____

E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ E
E_____ '
E_____ E
E_____ E

.. . : 5

228. . .

11.2

1. E ? 2. E E E E E E? 3. E E E
E? 4. E E? 5. E E? 6. E E E E?
7. E E? 8. E E E? 9. E E E? 10. E
E E? 11. E E E?

229. ? ( . 305.)
E(/) E
(/) E
E(/)
E(/) E
E(/) E
E(/)
(/) E
E(/) E
(/) E
E(/)
E(/) E
(/)
(/) E
E(/) E
E(/) E
E(/) E
E(/) E
(/)
6:00 E E(/) E.
23:00 E E(/) E.
E E(/) E.
E E E(/) E.
230. : m. sing. nom.
:

|E  |E, E|  E|.

E|  _______________
|E  ________________
E|  _______________
E|  ______________
E|  _______________

|E  ______________
|  ______________
E|  _________________
E|  ________________
E|  ________________

|E  _____________
|  _______________
E|  ______________
|E  _________________
E|  ______________

231. ( . 305.) .

) . ? ?
?

11.3

) . : E , E , E ,
', E , E E. , ?

) .

1. E E E. E E.
2. E E E E E.
3. E E E E E .
4. E E E.
5. E E E E E E E.
6. E E E E -E.
7. E E, E E E E.
8. E E E.
9. E E E E, E E.
10. E E E E E.
11. E E E.
1. III. 11

163

12. E E E -E.
13. E E.
14. E E E .

) .
M M
E ' .
E, E E E?
. M E. E E E
E. E E E.
E E, E
E| E. E, E
E E E E
E| E E _______________
E. E E E
E E ______________ E,
E E E E
E E E.
E E, E, E
E, E E E,
E E E . E
_______________________ E.
E, E, E... E E | E.
E| E. E E. E, E, E, E E
_________________ E. E, E _________________ E E. E
E, E E E| . . ( E).
E, E E E. E E E E
E E, E E| E.
E E E E. E E E E E.
_____________ E E E E. E| E E E.
E E E E E. E E E| E
E E, E ____________ E, E E E E . .
. E E E. E. E E E E -E.
, E E E ____________________ E, E E. E
E E E. E E ____________ . E, E E, E
E E| E. E E ' E. E E E,
E E E. E E, E E E|. , E
E E.
E E E, E E. E E E, _____________
E _______________ E. E E. E, E
E E E!
E E. E E, E E E. E
E (E, E E) E. E, _________________ E. E E
E E| E, E E. E E? E E E.
E.

164

.. . : 5



) 1) , 2) , 3) .

? ?
) ? ? ?
? ?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) : ?
? ?
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________________

11.4

) . , ?
? . ?
) .
:
E, E!
! E, E E? E?
E E? E. E E.
E E ?
, E. E? E E?
E E E . E, E E E E.
E E ' -E. E E, E.
E E '! E E ? E '.
E, E. E! M!

11.5

:
E! E!
E E E E?
E ! E
E. E?
-. E E
E! E E?
! E E E, E
E E.
E ! E E .
, ', E E.
, E, E E! !
? ?

? -
?
1. III. 11

165

232. ?
E|
E|
'|
E|
E|
E|
E|
E|

E
E
E
E
E
E
E

E|
E|
E|
E|
E|
E|
E|
E|

E
E
E
E
E
E
E
E

* (adjectives)?
233.
) + | (-, -, -)
______________
______________ E
______________ E

______________ E
______________ E
______________ E

_____________ E
_____________ E
_____________ E

)  (sing.  pl.)
1: E E = E
E
E
E
E
E

E
E

E E
E
E
E
E

!
2: E E ' ', E E E
'.
) + /, , ...
1. E ______________ ______________.
2. E E E ______________ ______________ .
3. E ______________ ______________ .
4. E E ______________ ______________.
5. E ______________ ______________ .
6. E E E ______________ ______________.

166

.. . : 5

234. .


:
3. ().
5. ().
9. ().
10. ().
:
1. ().
2. ().
4. ().
6. ().
7. ().
8. ().
9. ().

-?
? + (noun)

? + (verb)

E| (-, -, -)
E ' E
' E.

-E
E -'
-'.




-, -
-, -

235. !
() E (E) -E, -E, -E, -E,
-E, -E, -E, -E?..
E -E, -E, -E, -E,
-E?..
E E E E? E E E E?
E E -E? E -E?
E E E -E, -E, -E, E?

1. III. 11

167

236. ?
) .
1. E E E E? (E/-E)
2. E E E? (E/-E)
3. E E? (E/-E)
4. E E E E? (E/-E)
) : E ___E___.  E -E.
1. E E ___E___. 2. E ___E___ E E E.
3. E E ___E___ E. 4. E E ___E___.
5. E ___E___ E. 6. E E E ___E___. 7. M
___E___ E E ___E___? 8. E E E E
___E___ E. 9. E E ___E___. 10. E E ___E___.

)
,
.
, ? ?
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________

237. .
? ?
:

M|  E| , E| E, E| E,
E| E.

, , .
M, E, E,
E, E, E,
E, E, E, E,
E, E, E,
E, E, E...

E, , E, , E, , E,
E, E, E, E, E, E,
E, E, E, E, E,
E , ' , , E ,
E , E , E , E ,
E , E , E , E ,
+ ...
E, E, ', E...
_______________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________

168

.. . : 5

, , , ?
? ? ( ?)
M E.
R E '.
M E.
R (E) E '.
M E.
E, ' '.
E, ' E '.

(-, -, -)?
m. R (= E) ' ' E.
f. R (= E) ' ' E.
n. R (= ) ' ' E.
pl. R (= E) ' ' .

238.
) + , ,
1. M E . ______________ E E.
2. M E E. ______________ E E E E.
3. M E E. E ______________ E?
4. M E E. E ______________ E.
5. M E E. ______________ E E E.
) , , , ?
1. ________ E .
2. ________ E E E.
3. E, ________ E E. ________ E E E.
4. ________ E E E. E, ________ E E.
5. ________ E .
6. ________ E E.
7. ________ E E E.
8. ________ E E E E.
9. E ________ E?
10. E, ________ E E?
11. ________ E .

239.
) : E, ' ' '?
E.
E E/E
E/
E/E
E/E
E/E
E E/E

1. III. 11

E/E
E/E
E/E
E/E
E/E
E E/E

169

?
 )
: ' ', E, 5?
, . , .
E E/ 5.
M/E E.
E/E E.
E/E E.

E 

E/E 3.
E E/ 21 .
E/E E (E).
E/E ().
E 

E 

E 

240. + .
1. M E E, ________ (E) E.
2. M ' E, ________ E E.
3. M E E, ________ E.
4. E, ________ E.
5. E E, ________ E.
6. E E, ________ E.
7. M E E, ________ E.
8. M E, ________ E.

241.
) .
= .

11.6

.
. .
. .
. .
.

.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

.
.
.
.
.
.

 E
 E
 E

 E
 E

) !
: E E E
E, E E E E.
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________

242.
) .
: ?
E E E ?
. ?
E E .
E? E ?! E, E E .

: , , ,
 )
, , ....

170

.. . : 5

12.1

12
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -;

, ' E, E E, ' , E ';
E, E, E, E, E, E, E, E, E, E, ,
E

?
243. !

E
E

E
E
E
E

E
E
E

E
E
E
E
E
E

1. |? |. |E? E|. = E E.
2. _______________________________________________________________________________
3. _______________________________________________________________________________
4. _______________________________________________________________________________
5. _______________________________________________________________________________
6. _______________________________________________________________________________
7. _______________________________________________________________________________
8. _______________________________________________________________________________

?
.
E ' '.
M ' '.

adverb + verb
E? (E)
adjective + substantive
' E? (E)

??? E E? E E? E E?
E E? E? E E E? E? E E
E? E E? E E?

1. III. 12

171

244. + : , ?
:

' E.  ' E?

1. M E E. __________________________________________________________
2. E E. _________________________________________________________
3. M E E. ______________________________________________________________
4. E E E. _____________________________________________________
5. M E E. _________________________________________________________________
6. M E E. ___________________________________________________________
7. M E E! ________________________________________________________
8. M E. _________________________________________________________________
9. E E. _______________________________________________________
10. M E E. _____________________________________________________________
11. E E E. ________________________________________________
12. M E E. _______________________________________________________________
13. E E. ________________________________________________________

245. (adjectives) :
:

E E E|. ' E E? 
M E| E.

1. M E|. ___ E E?  _____________________ .


2. E E|. ____ E E?  _____________________.
3. E|. ___ E?  _____________________ .
4. E E|. ____ E?  _____________________ .
5. E E|. ____ E E?  _____________________ .
6. E E E|. ____ E E?  _____________________ .
7. E E E E|. ____ E? 
_____________________.
8. M E E. ____ E E E?  _____________________ .
9. M E E|. ____ E E?  _____________________ .
10. E|. ____ E E?  _____________________ .
11. E E E|. ____ E E?  ________________ .
12. E E|. ____ E E?  _____________________ .
13. E E|. _____ E E?  _____________________ .
14. E (= ) E|. _____ ?  _____________________ .

246. ? (adv. adj.)


1. M E____ E. E E____ E.
2. E____ E. E , E____ E?
3. E____ E. E E E____ '.
4. M E____ E! E E E____ '.
5. E E E____ E. E____ E. E
E____ E?
6. E E____ E. E E E E____ E.

172

.. . : 5

7. E____ E . M E____ E.
8. M E____ . E E____. E, E
E____.
9. M E____ E. E E E____ E?
10. E E____ E E____ E.
11. M E, E____ E E E____?
247. . Present  past.
:

M E.  M E E.
M E E.  M E E.

1. M E. ________________________________________________________________
2. M E E. ________________________________________________________
3. M E E. _____________________________________________________________
4. E. __________________________________________________________________
5. E E. ___________________________________________________________
6. M E. ___________________________________________________________________
7. E E E. _________________________________________________________
8. E E. __________________________________________________________


1:

+ adj./adv. + ...
+ adj./adv. + ...

E E ' , E.
E ' , E E.
E E ' ', E.

t ?


f.
m.
pl.
n.

248. (+) ()?

M E __________ (+) E___, ______ . 


M E ' E, .

1. M __________ (+) E____, ______ .


2. __________ () E____, ______ .
3. E __________ (+) E____, ______ .
4. E E __________ () E____, ______ E.
5. __________ (+) '____ E, ______ E?

1. III. 12

173

6. __________ (+) E____, ______ .


7. ' __________ (+) E____, ______ .
8. E E __________ (+) ____, ______ E.
9. E E __________ () E____, ______ .

249. ! ( |).
:

E ' ', E. E E
' ', E.

1. E (E, E/E, E, E).


2. E E (E , /, E , E ,
E).
3. E E (E, E/E, E/E, E/
E, E, E/E).
4. E E (E, E, E/E, E,
E, E, E/E).
5. (E, E, E E E, E,
E).
6. E , E , E , E , E ... (, E ,
E, E, , E).

 250. ... + (adv.)


:

' E E?
' ' ' '.

1. ' E?
2. ' E E?
3. ' E E E?
4. E ' E?
5. ' E (E)?
6. E ' E -E?
7. ' E -E?

174

.. . : 5




(+)  ()
| , (=)
251.
) | ,  ,
?
1. E (E /E ), .
2. E E (E /E ) E, E.
3. E E (E /E ) E, E.
4. E E ( /E ) E, E.
) + /// , ,
1. M E ________________ E, ________________ E.
2. M E ________________ E, ________________ .
3. M E E ________________ E, ________________ .
4. M E ________________ E, ________________ .
5. E E ________________ E, ________________ .
) !
:

1. (+) E E ' E|, E.


2. () E E ' E|, E.
3. (=) E E |' E|, E.
adv.: E E E E, E.

1. E M E (E, E...).
2. E M (E, E, E...).
3. E E E E (E, E, E...).
4. E E E (, , E...).
5. E E E E (E, E, E...).

'  '
'  '
'  '

 E/E  E/E
 E/E  E/E
 E  E

252.
) +  ,  ,  .
1. E E E, E ____________ . 2. ____________,
. 3. E E, _____________ . 4. E E,
_______________ . 5. E E _______________, , E
E _______________, . 6. E E E, _______________,
E. 7. _____________ E, E! 8. E E _____________,
. E E ______________, . 9.*______________ ______________,
_____________! 10. ______________ E: E ?

1. III. 12

175

 , , ?
 )
: - - 
- , - .
, , ... - - , -
- , - - , - - , -
- ... - , - , - , - ...

) .  :
. ! , , ...
?! ! !!!
??? , ? !
253.  | (-, -, -).
____  ?
____ ?
____ ?
____ ( ).
____ ?
____ ?
____ ?
____ ?
254. ( . 306.) .
) .
, . ,
?


12.2

: , |, |, , .

) .
9
.
, _______________ . , ,
__________________
.


______________________ , .
9


, , , _______________.
, , , , .
_____________________. ,
. ___________________! ,
 , !
, ?!

176

.. . : 5

E E . E E ___________ E E,
__________________ E. E E E E E, E
E. E E E E, E. , E '|, !
E E, E E _________________________ !
E E E _________________________, E E, _______ E!
E, E E E E!? , E |, E E.
E E, E E! E E,
...
??? , , , , :
? ? ?
) . / / !
!

_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________________________

E
E
E
E

+ adjective

E E E (m.)
E E ' (f.)
E E E (n.)
E E E (pl.)

255. .

1. E E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E E _______________ ____?
E E E _______________ ____?
E _______________ ____?

1. III. 12

177

2. E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?

E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?
E E _____________ ____?

?
E E ().
E.

+
=

' E E?
E ', ' E.

M E ().
' E.
' E E?
M ', ' E.

256. . + | (-, -, -).


1. E E E. E E E E?
2. E E E. E E E?
3. E E -E. E E?
4. E E E E E. E E?
5. E E E. E E E E?
257. . + | (-, -, -).
) : ' E . E E E E. 
' ' E ?
E, ' ' ' ' ', E .
1. ' E E. E E E.
2. E E '. ' E E.
3. M '. E ' E E.
4. E '. ' E E.
5. ' E E. ' E E E.
6. E '. ' E E.
7. ' E E. R ' E E.
8. ' ' E E. ' E.
9. . E E E.
10. E '. E.
3, 7, 8.
_________________________________________________________________________________________
) ?
1. E E?

E, E E E.
E, E E E.
E, E E.

2. E E?

E, E E E.
E, E E.
E, E E.

178

.. . : 5

258. + .
) ?
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
_______________________________________
) . 183 210
, .
259. ? ? .
1. E / E / E / E
________________________________________________________________________________________
2. E / E E / E / E E
________________________________________________________________________________________
3. / E E / E / E E
________________________________________________________________________________________
4. E / E E / E / E
________________________________________________________________________________________
5. E E / / E E / E
________________________________________________________________________________________
6. E / E / E / E E
________________________________________________________________________________________

, ?
|M (I + II) + inf./acc.

|E
E|
E|
|'
|'
|'

past: E|| (-, -, -)

| (I) + inf.

|E
E |
E|
E|
E|
E|

, ||E (-E, -E)

M() + inf.
, , M
, , R
R
, , R

(-E, -, -)
E| (-E, -E, -E)

260.
) .
: E  1) E
2) E
, E, E, E E, E, E, E E,
E, E E, E, E
1. III. 12

179

) past + present
1: E E.

2: E.

, , , , , , , , ,
261. .
)
1. E ________________ . 2. _______________ E? 3. E
______________ E. 4. E ______________ E E, E
______________ E E. E, E, ______________ .
5. ______________ . 6. __________________ E E. 7. E E
______________ E E E? 8. E ______________ . 9.
E. = ______________ .
)
1. E, E E, E ______________ . 2. ____________
E , E E . 3. E E E , E
___________________ E. 4. E _________________ E, E E E. 5.
______________ E E? 6. E E ______________ E, E
E . 7. E ' E E E E E,
______________ E E E E. 8. ______________ E
E E? 9. E , ______________ E E. 10.
E E E. ______________ E E E.

262. ) , ? ?

______________________________
______________________________

180

______________________________
______________________________

.. . : 5

) 1. ? ? 2. ? 3.
? ? 4. ? 5.
? ? 6. ? ? 7.
? 8. ? ?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
263. , , , ().
) :
(f.) ' ' E
(m.) ______________________________
_________________________________
_________________________________

____________________________________
____________________________________
_____________________________________
____________________________________

) 1. _____________ E E?
2. E _____________ E E, E E.
3. ______________ E E E.
4. E E: E E, () ______________ E.
5. E 12:00, ______________ _____________ 10:00.
6. ______________ E.
7. E E E, ______________ E E E .
8. E ______________ E E? M E E!
9. E E E? E ______________ ______________ E
E!
) : E.  E E.
1. E E. ________________
2. E E. _____________________
3. E E E. ____________________
4. E E. _____________
5. .____________________________
6. E E. _______________________
7. E. ________________________
8. E. _____________________________

1. III. 12

9. E E. ______________________
10. E. _____________________
11. E E E. ___________________
12. E . ____________________
13. E E . __________________
14. E. _______________________
15. E E. _______________

181

264. ( . 306.) , .
) . .
? / ?

12.3

, M

) .

1. E E, E , E E E.
2. E E E E E E.
3. E.
4. E E E.
5. E, E E.
6. E E E.
??? , , ?
? ?
) + .
E

E
E
E
E

E E E E
E E E E
E E E E
E E, E E
E E E
E E E E

) + .
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.

182

E E E E? __________________________________________________
E E E? _____________________________________________________________
E E ? __________________________________________________________
E E ? _____________________________________________________________
E E? _____________________________________________________________

.. . : 5

) :
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________
M E, E E? E E E?
E E E? E E E?
______________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
* 265.
' E = ' E
' E = E = E E
1. E E E? __________________________________________________
2. E E E? __________________________________________________
3. E E? E? __________________________________________
4. E E E? _____________________________________________
5. E E E? _______________________________________________
266. , ?

_____________________
_____________________

_____________________
_____________________

_____________________
_____________________

1. III. 12

183

267. , ? ?
: E.  E E E, E E E.
E E E, E E E
E.
0. E. 1. E E. 2. E. 3. E E. 4. E.
5. E E E. 6. E E. 7. E E.
8. E, E E E. 9. E E. 10. E
E.
E
E E
E E

E, E = E, E

268. + / + ?
:

1.
2. E
3.
4. E
5.
6.
7.

E (), E (+) E (+) E, E


E E E.

...

+
+

+
+

+
E
E E
E E
E E
E E
E E E
E E

269. ! !
1. , E E E E E?
2. E E E E E E E?
3. E E E E? E E E E?
4. E E E, E E E E E E?
5. E E E, E E E E E?
6. E E , E E E E?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________

184

.. . : 5

270. : , | /- /-?
(: ______ /8 .)
) 1. _______________ ? 2. _______________
. 3. _______________ ? 4. _______________ ,
. 5. 10:00, _______________,
_______________ 9:30. 6. , . !
______________ ! 7. , ______________ !
) .
1. ( , , ...)? ________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
2. , ? ___________________________________________
3. ? _______________________________________________
4. , ? ___________________________________________

) . // ?

1. ____________________
2. ____________________

3. ____________________

4. ____________________

1. III. 12

5. ____________________

185

13.1

13
--, --, --, --, --; --,  -,
--;
, , , , , , , , ;
,  , ,  ,  ,
 ,  ;
 ,  ,  , ,
 ;
, ; , , ;
 , ,  ,  ;
--, --,  %,  %,  

( II)





| 
| 
| 
| 

|
|
|
|

|, |;
|, |;
|, |;
|, |;

||
||
||
||

!
, ,  + (.),
+
271. .
) ____, ____, ____, ____, ____, ____,
____, ____, ____, ____, ____ .
) ( ).
.:
.:
.:
.:

,  ___?
, , , ___.  ,  ___ .
?
  .

???  ? ?     ?
272. , ?
_____________________ .  _____________________ ?
____________________ .  __________________ .  _________________
.  ____________________ .

186

.. . : 5

? , , ?..
__________________________________________________________________________________________

13.2

273. .





) , ? ?
?
) . ?
) !
E E!
E! E E E?
, E.
E? E E E?
. E '. E E E.
-, E E! E, E, E E E E.
??? E E E? E , E E? E E
E?
274. ( . 306307.)

13.3

) .

) , .
M M?
____________________ (E) E . E , E E
E . E E| E E. E __________________
(), _____________________ (E). E, E __________________
(E ). E E E , E ,
_____________________ (E) E. E E
E E ____________________________
(E) E, E E.
E ______________________ (E) E,
E, E. E E ___________________________
(E) E E E. E E
___________ (E) E E, E
E E _____________ (). E
E E ___________ (E).
E ____________ () E. E
______________ (E) E.
E . E _____________ (E) .
E, E E ___________________ ().
E ____________ () E. ( ')
E E E E, ______________ ()
E E.

1. III. 13

187

??? ) 1. ? ? ? ?
2. , ?
3. ( ) ?
4. / ? / ?
5. : , , , , ?..
?
? ? ? ?
, , ? ?
_________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________


(ccusative case sing.)1
? ?
:

f. sing.
-  -
-  -
- = -

noun
 ? / ?
adj.
 / ?

m., n., pl.

-(-)  -(-)

 ? = nom.
? = gen.2

1. : /?
|.
2.  (): ?
|.
3. ? , 3.

+ :
| , | , |, |, |, |, |, |,
|, |, |, |, |, | , |...
nom. 

acc.

m., n., pl.: B , , .  , , .


f. sing.: B | | | , | . | | |, | .
pronouns acc.: , , , , , ,
275.
) ? ? ? ?
:

 ?

_______________
___________
____________
__________
______________
1
2
3

188

_____________
______________
_________
____________
_____________

______________
_________________
__________
____________
______________

______________
___________
__________
______________
____________

Acc. pl. . 26 2.
:  (-, -)  - (-); : -, - (-)  - (-).
. 19 .

.. . : 5

) (/) (/)? .
:

() E (E E)  E E E E.
() E (E E)  E E E.

1. () ______________ E ______________ ().


2. (E) ___________ E ___________ ().
3. (E) _____________ E ______________ (E).
4. (E) _______________ E ________________ (E).
5. (E) ____________________ E __________________ (-').
6. (E)_________________ E ___________ (E).
7. (E) _____________ E ______________ (E).
8. (E) _______________ E _______________ (E).
9. (E) _________________ E ______________ (E).
10. (E) ______________ E _____________________________ (E E).
? , , ?
 _________________________________________________________________________________________

13.4

_________________________________________________________________________________________





276.
) . : ?
, ?
) .
M

?
1. E E.
2. E E E E E.
3. E E E.
4. E.
5. E E E E E.
6. E E, E E E E.
7. E E E E.
1. III. 13

189

) acc. ,
.
E. E E E E. _________ () E , _________ (E)
E E. E _________ (E) ______________ (E), E E
___________ ___________ (E, E) ____________________ (E E).
E E E ____________________ (E E). E
E. E _____________ (E) _____________ (E), E E ____________
(E) ___________________ (E). E E E
______________ (E) E _____________ (E), E ______________ _____________
____________ _____________ (E, ', E, E).
E E: E _______________ (E) E ____________ (E)
E, E E _____________ (E) E _____________ (E)
E _______________ (E), E E E ________________ (E).
E E ______________ (E). E ____________ (), E
___________ (E).
E E E,
E ______________ (E) ____________
(E), E E E E. E
E ___________ (E) _______________ (E).
E E E E
____________ (E) ____________ (E),
E E.
E E ____________ (E) E
_____________ (E). E E E
_____________ (E) -E
E . E E E ____________
(E) E, ____________________________
(E) E E E. E E!
E E E ________________________
(E E).

) !

E E

E
E E E

190

.. . : 5

) /?
 _________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

277. ! !
) 1. E E? 2. E E E? 3. E
E? 4. E E? 5. E E? 6. E E?
7. E E? 8. E? 9. E E E? 10.
E E E? 11. E (E, E, E, E,
E)? 12. E E E? 13. E? E?

) ? ? ? ()
acc. = nom.: m., n., pl. (posses. pronoun).
: E E? ____________ ().  E E.
1. E E? ______________________________________ ().
2. E E E? ______________________________________ ().
3. E E? ______________________________________ ().
4. E E E? ______________________________________ ().
5. E E? ______________________________________ (E).
6. E E E? ______________________________________ ().

acc. f.: ? ( / ) , , , , , ,
) :

E E? ____________ ().  E ' E.

1. E E? ______________________________________ ().
2. E E? ______________________________________ ().
3. E E? ______________________________________ ().
4. E E? ______________________________________ ().
5. E E? ______________________________________ ().
6. E E E? ______________________________________ ().
7. E E? ______________________________________ ().
8. E? ______________________________________ ().
9. E E E? ______________________________________ ().
10. E E? ______________________________________ ().
11. E E? ______________________________________ ().
12. E E? ______________________________________ ().
13. E E? ______________________________________ ().
14. E E E? ______________________________________ ().

1. III. 13

191

278. + ? + .
) 1. E ________________________________________ (E E).
2. E ________________________________________ ( E).
3. E E ________________________________________ (E ).
4. E ________________________________________ (E E)?
5. E E ________________________________________ (E E).
6. E ________________________________________ (E E).
7. E ________________________________________ (E E).
8. E ________________________________________ (E ).
) 1. E E E ________________________________________ ( E).
2. E ________________________________________ ( ).
3. ________________________________________ ( E) E .
4. E E ________________________________________ ( E).
5. E ________________________________________ ( ).
6. E E ________________________________________ ( ).
7. E ________________________________________ ( E).
8. E E ________________________________________ ( E).
9. E ________________________________________ ( E).
10. E ________________________________________ ( E E).
11. E ________________________________________ ( E E).

279. : , , ( ... ; )?
:

E E '.  ' E E? ( E
E?)

1. E E ' '. ___________________________________________________


2. E -'. __________________________________________________
3. M E E. E. ____________________________________________________
4. E E ' '? ______________________________________________________
5. ' E E. ______________________________________________________________
6. E E '. _______________________________________________________________
7. E ' E. _________________________________________________
8. E? _______________________________________________________________
9. E ' E. _____________________________________________
10. E ' '. _____________________________________________________
280. ? !
:

/ / / /  .

1. / / E / E / / E __________________________________
2. E / / ? _________________________________________________________________
3. E / / / E / / E / E / /
__________________________________________________________________________________
4. E / / E / E / E ___________________________________________
5. / E / E / ___________________________________________________

192

.. . : 5

6. / E / E / / E / E / E / E ___________________________
7. / / E / / E ___________________________________________________
8. / / E / / E / E / E / E / / /
__________________________________________________________________________________
9. / / E / E / E_________________________________________________
10. E / E / E / E / E / ____________________________
11. / E / E / E / E / E / E / / E /
__________________________________________________________________________________

281. ( acc.!).
) ...
E? E|, E|, E, E, E, |'...

E?

E|, '|, '|, |', '|...

M?

E, E|, E|, E|, E|, , ', E|...

E?

, E, , , E, E, E, , E, E...

E?

E|, E|, E, E| E, ...

E, E, '|, E, E, E...

E?

E|, E, '|, E, E, E...

E?

E|, E, E|, E, E...

) / adjective .
1. ___________ _____________ (, ) . 2.
________________ () , ______________ ()
. 3. ________________ () ____________ ()
. 4. ______ __________( ) . 5. ____________
() . 6. ____________ () , ______________
() _________________ () . 7. _____________
() : ______________ () ____________ () .
8. _________________ () , _________________
() . 9. _______________ () , ___________
() .
) ? -!
:

E E E E E E, E
E E. E E E, E E, E
E E E . E E ,
E.

1. III. 13

193



282. . ?
: E E.
E, -E E. E E E?
150 E.
E, ' E.
, E. 180 E.

'!

'!

'

E| E|, E| E|

E!

E|| E|, E|| E|

E! E!

|E E|; |E |E

283. !
sing. E, E, E, , E, , E, E, E,
E, E, E, , E
pl.

, E, E, , E, E, E, E, E
284. , // ! / ,
/ !

: E E?  E E? E!
1. E E -E? _________________________________________________
2. E E? ______________________________________________________________
3. E E? __________________________________________________________
4. E E? ______________________________________________________________
5. E ? _______________________________________________________________
6. E E? __________________________________________________________
7. E E ? _________________________________________________________
8. E ? __________________________________________________________
9. E E? _____________________________________________________________
10. E E? ________________________________________________________
11. E E E? __________________________________________________
12. E E? _________________________________________________________
13. E E? _____________________________________________________

194

.. . : 5

13.5

285. . ?
? .

1. '! ', E, E! E E!
E!
2. E E? '! E, E E E!
...
3. E, ' E E E . E
E!
E, E!
4. --E!
E!
'!

E / E!
E E!

' E!
!

+ '()1 + (inf. verb)


() + 2

286. .
) : E E. ()?  E() E!
1. E E. E? __________________________________________________
2. E E E. E? __________________________________________
3. E E. ? _______________________________________________________
4. E E. ? __________________________________________________________
5. E E . ? _____________________________________________________
6. E E. ? _________________________________________________________
7. E . ? _____________________________________________________
8. E E. ? _______________________________________________________
9. E , ? ______________________________________________________________

= +  !
= + /  !
2
inf. verb imperf. : () ! (verb perf.)
1

1. III. 13

195

13.6

) ! ? !
1. M E . E E E E. ' E
!
E, '.
2. E E E! ' E!
'!
) :
1. E E E!
2. E E, E E!
?
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________

287. :
) 1. E E E, E E E E. ___________
2. E E E. __________________________________
3. E E, E. __________________________________________
4. E E E E, E E. ___________________
5. E, E E E. _______________________________
6. E E E E E. E E E ,
E E E E E. _____________________________
7. E, E / E E E E. _____________________
8. E E E. ____________________________________________________
) ?

196

.. . : 5

14.1

14
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -
 ---,
---, ---, ---, ---;
, , ' ', ', E, E
, E , ' E, E E, ' ',
' E, ' '; E
[]: E, ', E E, E E, E E,
E E, E , E E, E E,
E E; E, E


/? + ? + /?

?
?
?

?
?

) :
E ' E ' E.
) :
1. E ' E ' E .
2. E ' E E '.
3. E ' ' E '.
: 1, 2 3?

1. III. 14

197

288.
E?
E.
E ' ?
E. / E E.
E E?
. / E E .
' E E ?
E. / E E E.
E E E ?
E. / E E E E.
E E E E ?
. / E E E E .
 E ' E ' .

1. / E / E / E / E /
2. / E / E / E /
3. / E / E / E / E
4. E / E / E / E / E / E
5. / E / E / E / / E / E


:
:

E?
=
E E.

M E: E?
M E: E E.


(?)  ///
(.)  +

198

M E, M E.
M E, ' E E.

.. . : 5

289.  .
!!! , . , , ,
. :
E E: E.  E E,  E.
1. E E: E E E.  _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
2. E E : E E? _________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
3. E E: E. __________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
4. E E E: ' E?  __________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
5. E E E: E, E E.  __________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
6. E: E E?  ___________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
7. E? E E.  ____________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
8. E E? E E.  ______________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
9. E E E: E?  ________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
10. E: E.  _____________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
290. ( ) ( ).
) :
1: E?
2: E M.

:
E E E, E.
' E E, E M.

1. E?
2. E?
3. E E?
4. E?
5. E E E?
6. E E E E?

E E.
E .
E M.
E.
...E .
M E E.

1. III. 14

199

) :
E?
E, E.

:
E E E, E.
E E, E, E.

1. E?
2. E?
3. E E?
4. E E?
5. ' E E?
6. ' E E E?

E, ______________________ E E.

E, _____________________
E.
E, ________________ E.
E, ____________________ E.
E, _____________________ E E.
E, ____________________ E E.

291. ( . 307.) .
) ?
, ?

14.2

) , 1, .
?
1. E E.
2. E, E E E E.
3. E E E E E E.


200

) 1. , ? ?
2. , ?

.. . : 5

14.3

) , 2 .
?
1. , .
2. .
3. , .

??? ) , , ?
? ? , ,
? , :
?

 ) . , .
. : ?
 )
.

1. III. 14

201

) / / ?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
( , ...) ,
 ) 1.
? ?
2. , ? ?

- - - - -
 - - -
 ?
?
?
?

+ 
+ 
+  +
+  +

292.
) , .
:

/  ?
8 . .

/
/
/

/
/

) + + .

1. , ____________________________________________________________
2. ? + ! ________________________________________________
3. ?
, ___________________________________________________________
4. ? + ! ______________________________________________
5. , ____________________________________________________

202

.. . : 5

293. .
:

8?
8 8.
8 8?
8 8 8.
8?
8 8 8.
8?
8 8 8.

= 8.
= 8 8.
= 8 8.

 8. 
8.
(?) /
(?) / (?)
/

(?) / (?)
(?) / (?)

294. + .
.
:

, ?
, .

0. , ?
1. ?
2. ?
3. ?
4. ?
5. , ?
6. ?
7. ?
8. ?
9. ?

, , , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
, , ,
...

__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________

1. III. 14

203


(Prepositional case)
1: ? ()

+ , , , , , , , , ,
, ...
m.

f.

n.

,
|,
|
| ,
| ,
|
|,
|

!!! f. |, |

295. .
:

+? + .

) 1. _______________ ( ).
2. ________________ ( ).
3. _____________ ( ) _____________ ( ).
4. _____________ ( ).
5. _____________ ( ).
6. _______________ ( ).
7. _________________ ( ).
8. ______________ ( ), _____________ ( ).
9. _____________ ( ).
10. ____________ ( ).
) 1. _____________ ().
2. _____________ ( ).
3. ______________ ( ).
4. _____________ ( ).
5. _____________ ().
6. _____________ ( ).
7. _____________ ().
8. _______________ ( ).
9. ____________ ( ).
10. _____________ () .
11. _______________ ( ), _____________ ( ).
12. _____________ ( ).

204

.. . : 5

296. !
? ? ?
:

1. . .
- - .

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7. -
8.
9. +
10.
11.
12.
13.

2. ... ___________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

297. ( 9), | (), (f.)


) ,
:

8 .  .

___________ .
___________ .
___________ .

___________ .
___________ .
__________ .

___________ .
___________ .
___________ .

) |
:

____ , ____ , ____ , ____ , ____


, ?

: ,
. + (CD).
1. ? ? 2. ? 3.
? 4. ?
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. III. 14

205

15.1

15

 []:
, , , , , , ,
;
[]: , , , , , , ,

t

?
m.
f.
n.

|
8|
|

298. + : -, -, -.

15.2

) 1. + _____________ ( |). 2. ____________ ( |) .


3. _____________ (+). 4. , ________________
( )? 5. __________________ ( ), ________________ (+).
6. _____________ ( ), _____________ ( ),
_____________ ( ). 7. _____________ ( ).
8. _____________ ( ), _____________ ( ). 9. +
_____________ ( ). 10. _____________
( ), _____________ ( ). 11.
_____________ ( ) _____________ ( ). 12.
_____________ ( ) _____________ ( ).

 /
[]: , , , , ,
, []: , -, , []: , -
, , , ,

) 296. , .

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________
_______________________________________________________________________________________________________

206

.. . : 5

?
( ?)
1) , ;
2) , , ,
, , ;
3) , ; ,
 , 
( );
4) , ...
= ;
5) , , , ,
, ...
6) , ,
( )

1) ; ;
2) : , ,
;
3) +, +..., ,
, , ,
,
( );
4) , , = ;
5) : ,
, , , ,
, ...

:
(pl.)
, ,

1. III. 15


, ,
, , ,

207

299. , .
, , +, , , , ,
, , +, , , , , ,
, , , , , , , .
, , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ,
, +, , , 5, , , .

300. .
. ( , , ) : ,
, , , , , , , , ...
?
301. + : ?

15.3

1. ____ ( ___) . 2. ____ ( ___)


. 3. ____ ( ___),
____ (___) . 4. ____ ( ___)
. 5. ____ ( ___) . 6. ____
(___) ____ ( ___)? 7. ____ ( ___)
____ ( ___), ____ ( ___). 8. ____ ( ___).
9. _____ ( ___) _____ ( ___)? 10. _____
( ___) ____ (___). 11. + ____ ( ___) ____ ( ___)?
12. ____ ( ___) ____ ( ___).

302. ( . 307308.) , , ?
, , .
+ +
!
, . + . ____ ?
, . _______ . ? _______
?
____ , ____ ____ .
. ____ ____ +, ____ . ____
?
____ , ____ , ____ .
____ .
+ . ____ ?
. ____ ?
____ 6 7.
. .
!
??? ? ? ?

208

.. . : 5

, / ?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
303. + : ?
1. ____ ( __). 2. ____ ( __).
3. + : ____ ( __), ____ ( __). 4.
____ (__) ____ ( __). 5. ____ ( __) ____
( __). 6. ____ ( __) : ____ ( __) ____ (__).
7. ____ ( __) . 8. ____ ( __) ____
( __)? 9. ____ (-__). 10. ,
____ ( __) ____ ( __), ____ ( __) ____ ( __). 11.
____ ( __), ____ ( __) . 12. ____
. 13. , _____ ( __),
____ ( __). 14. , ____ (__) ?


(Prepositional case)
2: ? ?
|, |,
|, |, |,
| *, 8|, 8|...

 8, 8... 8, ( )
* |8||:
| , |, |, |, |, |;
|| (, )

304. .
:

? 8.

) 1. _____________________ ? ______ (___).


2. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
3. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
4. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
5. _____________________ ? + ______ ( ___).
6. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
7. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___ ___).
8. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
9. _____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
10. ____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
11. ____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
12. ____________________ ? ______ ( ___).
1. III. 15

209

) 1. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).


2. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).
3. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).
4. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).
5. _________________ ? ______ ( ___
___).
6. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).
7. _________________ ? ______ ( ___).
8. _________________ ?
______ ( ___).
9. _________________ ? ______
( ___).
10. ________________ ? ______ ( ___).
11. ________________ ? ______ (___) .
12. ________________ ? ______ ( ___),
.

305. , , , , ... ?
?

__________________________

__________________________


210

__________________________

__________________________

? ? ? ? ? ?
? ?
.. . : 5

306. ?
1. . 2. .
3. . 4. .
5. . 6. . 7.
. 8. . 9.
.

? ( ?)
nom. /

acc. /

prep. /

307. + .
) 1. , __ _______ .
2. __ _______ .
3. ! , , 5 __ _________
!
4. , __ _______! ,
__ _______?
5. + , __ _______ .
6. ? __ _______ !
7. , ? __ _______ !
!
 )
, __ _______, , __ _______.
? , __ _______, , .
* 308. /? /?
1. ? ________ ( ) ________ (),
, ________ () .
2. ________ (), ________ ().
3. ________ ( ), ________ ( ) .
4. ________ ( ) , ________ ( ) .
5. ________ (), ________ ().

1. III. 15

211

309. .
, , , ? !

__________________________

__________________________

__________________________

__________________________
__________________________
__________________________

__________________________

__________________________

__________________________

310. .
1. , , , , ?
, , , , 8? , ,
, , ? , ,
, , , , , ?
2. , ? ? ?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

311.
) .

()

 ) .
: .  | !
1. ? 2. . 3. ?
4. . 5. ? 6. ? 7.
? 8. . 9. .

212

.. . : 5

312. .
/ , , , , ? /
? / /? ?
? ? ,
? ?
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
, , , , ?..
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

15.4

313. ( . 308.) ?.

) ? .
?
1. +.
2. + .
3. , + .
4. .
5. .

??? ? ? ? ,
: , +? ?
) .
. ? :
?

) !

1. III. 15

213

) ) ,
.
: .
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) , .
.
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

314.

, ? ? ?
, , ? , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

 315.
 []: , , ,
 . ? ??
) ! ?
, . ?
.

) ! ?
. ?
8?
.

316. : (+) ().


:
 + adj./adv., ...

:
 , 

) (+), (), (+), (+),


(), (+), (+), (), (+), (), (+),
(+), (+).

214

.. . : 5

)  ...,
:

8, . 
8 8, .

1. + , . 2.
, . 3. , . 4.
, . 5. , .
6. + , . 7. ,
.

317. + / / .
) 1. ___ , ___ .
2. + , ___ . 3. , ___ , ___
. 4. , ___ (= ). 5.
, ___ ___ , .
) + :
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.

______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________
______________________________________________________

+.
, +.
, .
, .
, .
, .
, .

? (m.)
 8
 8
 8
 8

 8
 / 8
 / 8
()  ()8

 8
   8

: , , ... .
318. Prep.: .
) + - + -?
1. ___, ___. 2.
___. 3. ___? 4. ___,
___. 5. ___. 6.
: ___ ___? ___ ___,
___. 7. ___. 8.
___. 9. ___ , ___.
10. 8 ___, ___, ___. 11. ___ ___,
___, ___.

1. III. 15

215

) -, -, -, -
1. _______________ ( ). 2. _______________ ( ).
3. ___________________ ( ) __________________ ( ). 4. !
_______________ () _______________ () ! 5. _______________ ( )
, , , . 6. ? - ?
_____________________ () ? 7. ,
______________ () , . ! 8. _________________
( ), _________________ ( ) . 9. _________________ ()
. 10. ______________ () ______________ (8) _____________
( ). 11. _______________ ( ), _______________ ( ), .
) ?

15.5

1. , _______________ (),
________________ (), __________________________ ( ) _____________
( ). 2. __________ (), _________
(). 3. ___________ (), .
, __________________ (). 4.
, ____________ () __________ (). ,
__________ (), _______ (). , . 5.
______________ ( ). + ! ________________
( ), . 6. : _________________
( ), _______________ ( ) _______________ (). , ,
? 7. + , .
_______________ ()? _______________ ()!

t 319. ?
) , !

____.
? ?
, . ____.
____.
?
, .
, .
? , .
??? 1. ?
2. , , , , ?
3. , , , , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

216

.. . : 5

15.6

) , !
, ?
, ____?
. ___.
, ___ ___.
. ____. ! ! ____, ____.

?
?
?
?
?

 /, ? = ?


1
|, |, |
|, |,
|, |, |
|, |8, |
320. .
, . : + = . ,
.
) + = _________________, + = _________________,
+ = _________________, + = _________________,
+ = _________________, + = _________________.
) = + , = _________________ + _________________,
= _____________ + _____________, = ____________ + ______________,
= _______________ + _______________,
= _______________ + _____________,
= _______________ + _______________.
321. + .

) ______________. - _________________. ______________.


______________. ______________. ______________.
______________, ______________.
1

. 7.

1. III. 15

217

______________, ______________, ______________.


______________, ______________, ______________.
______________, ______________. ______________.
______________. ______________, ______________, ______________.

. 2. ______________ .
) 1. ______________
3. , ______________ . 4. ,
______________ . 5. ______________ .
6. , ______________________. 7.
_____________ . 8. _____________ ______________ ______________
. 9. _____________, _____________, ______________,
______________. 10. , ______________. ,
__________________. 11. : _________________
______________ . ______________. ?

15.7

322. ( . 308309.) .

) . , ,
. , ?

______________

______________

______________

218

______________

______________

______________
______________

______________

______________

.. . : 5

) , ?
?
323.
) ?


,

8 (-)
8 (-)
8 (-)
(-)
(--)

) ?
1. , _________________.
2. , _________________.
3. , _________________.
4. , _________________.

) ? ? /
?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

324. .
, . .
: , ?
.
?
, .
?
, .
?
, .
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
_____________________________
: , , , , , . .

1. III. 15

219

III
(: 35 + 5 )
: __________ / 90 ()
1.
(: ___ / 6 + : ___ / 4,5 + : ___ / 4,5 + : ___ / 5 + : ___ / 3 = ___ / 23).
) .
|  ______________, |  ______________, |  ______________,
 ______________,  ______________,  ______________.
) (+ /) [1 = 1,5].
1. ______ ______, ______ . 2. ______ ______,
______ . 3. ______ ______.
) ? [1 = 1,5].
1) . . . . . , . . . . , 2) . . . . . . , . . . , 3) . . , . . . .
) ?
______________. ______________ ______________ .
______________, ______________, .
) .
. ______________. ______________. ,
______________ .
2. (____ / 7).
.
1. ___________________________________? .
2. ___________________________________? .
3. ___________________________________? .
4. ___________________________________? .
5. ___________________________________? .
6. ___________________________________? .
7. ___________________________________? .

220

.. . : 5

3. .
3.1. / (nouns/pronouns)
(: ____ / 13 + : ____ / 8 + : ____ / 8 = ____ / 29).
) Prep. sing.:
1. ______________ (), ______________ (). 2.
______________ (), ______________ (). 3. ______________ ().
4. _________________ (), _________________ (). 5.
______________ (), ______________ (). 6. ______________
(), ____________________ (). 7. ____________________ ():
____________________________ ( ).
) Acc. sing./pl.:
1. __________________ (). 2. __________________ (),
________________ () ________________ (). 3. _______________
(), ______________ () ______________ (). *4. _____________________
( ).
) Pronouns: pers. (, ), poss. ():
1. _________ _________ (, )? 2. _________, _________
. _________ (). 3. , _________ ? _________ _________
(, )?
3.2. (: ____ / 9 + : ____ /3 = ____ / 12).
) + [1,5], + [1,5], , , [2],
+ + [2].
?
1. ______________ ______________, ______________ ______________.
2. , ______________.
3. , ______________, ______________ .
_____________, _____________ ______________ ______________
.
) , , .
1. ______________ !
2. ______________ !
3. ______________ , !

1. III

221

4. (: ____ / 2 + : ____ / 8 = ____ / 10).


) -.
1. .  ________________________________________ .
2. .  ______________________________________ .
) + |  / / / .
1. , _________ . , _________ .
2. , _________ , _________ , ?
3. , _________ , . , _________
.
4. , _________ . , _________
.
5. (_____ / 3).
 .
1. : ? 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________.
2. : . 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________.
3. : ? 
__________________________________________________________________________________________________.
6. . 56 (____ / 6).
? ?
___________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________________________

222

.. . : 5

IV



t

1. . II . /:
|, |, |.
2. ? . , , ,
.
/, /, /,
/, .
3. . .
4. . : :
1) / , .

(?)  (?).
?
?
?
?
..., ...
: !
.

16 (. 224238)

5. : 2) / ;
. .
6. ( + inf./ past.)
.

, ...,
.
? /
?
.

17 (. 239245)

-
-

7. . . , , .
8. ?
9. ? (
).

? ?
?
/?
, , , ,
?

18 (. 246258)

10. --: (), ,


, .
11. (, 
 , ...)?
12. , ... prep. 
, acc.
(  ).
13. ?
14. : , .
15. . , ().

-
: , ...
.
.
. ?
?
/ ?
?

19 (. 259272)

-
-

16. . , , (I .
). . .

. ?
: !
: , , , !

IV (. 283285)
1620 (. 292)

20 (. 273282)

16.1

16
-, -, -, -, , , , + ()!

, , , , ,
, , , , ,

|8||, 8|||, 8||| (II, /)

, | , | , | , | , |8; || (? ?)
, |, |, |, |, |; || (? ?)

325.
) + + + + ?
1. __________________ ___________________ ( )
_______________ ( ). 2. _______________ ( )
______________ ( ). 3. _______________ ( ),
. 4. ____________ () _____________
( ). 5. ? __________ () _______________. 6.
_______________ ( ) _______________ (). 7.
, _______ () __________________.
______________________ ( ), _____________________?
8. _____________ () _______________ ( )? 9. ,
_______________ _______________ ()?
10.* ! ! ,
_______________.
) + ||| |||?
1. _______________ ! + ! 2. _______________
, _______________. 3. , ,
. _________________________ , _____________ . 4.
_____________ , _______________ . 5. 8 !
, _______________?! 6. _______________
.
326. .
:  8. .
, , , , , , , , , ,
.

224

.. . : 5

? ?

?  ?

/ + PREP.

/ + ACC.

8.  8 8. ( .)
8 8.
 8 8.
 8 8. ( .)
8 8.

+ :
, , , ,
, , , ,
... + ? (/ )

, , 8|, | (I),
|8, 8|, 8|...
+ ? (/ /?)

327. : / (), (),


()?
) :  8?  ?  ?
___________________
___________________
___________________
____________________
_________________
__________________
___________________
___________________
_________________
___________________
________________

1. IV. 16

_________________
_________________
_________________
__________________
___________________
____________
___________________
____________________
_______________
_________________
_________________

_______________
____________________
_______________
_________________
___________________
__________________
___________
______________
_________________
______________
___________

225

) 1. - . -.
2. . .
3. . .
4. . .
5. . 8.
6. 8. 8.

328. . + + + .
:

, , . 
.

16.2

1. , , . ________________________________________________________________
2. , , . _______________________________________________________
3. , , . ______________________________________________________________
4. , , , 8. ________________________________________________
5. , , ._________________________________________________________
6. , , . ______________________________________
7. , , 8. ______________________________________________________
8. , , . ____________________________________________________________
9. , , . _________________________________________________________________
10. , , . ________________________________________________
11. , , . ___________________________________________________
12. , , . ________________________________________________________________



329. .

, ? ?
! ?
, ! ?
, . ?
.
. 8.
! ?! !
, 8 . ?
! !
, !
!

16.3

||| (I, ): |, |, |; || (-, -) + .

330. ) . ?
) , .
??? ? , , ?
+ ? ?
? ?

226

.. . : 5

) !
 ,
! 8?
? ! ...
8 8!
! ! , ! 8! ?
, 19:30. ?
? + ... , , . !
! ?
, - . !
: , , , ...

331. .
1. , ? 2. ? 3.
? ? 4.
8 ? 5. 8 ? 6.
, ? ? ? ? ?
- ? 7. ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

332. + ? .
:

8 , ?
8.

1. , ? ( ).
2. , ? (_____________).
3. , ? (____________).
4. , ? (____________).
5. , ?
(____________).
6. , ? (____________).
7. , ?
(_____________).
8. , ?
(____________).
1. IV. 16






8



8...

227

333. ? .
) + ?  + , ?
:

: , . 
. .

1. : , . _______________________________________________________________
2. : , . ______________________________________________________________
3. : , . _____________________________________________________________
4. : , . ______________________________________________________________
5. : , . ___________________________________________________________
6. : , . _______________________________________________________________
7. : , . __________________________________________________________________
8. : , . ________________________________________________________________
) + ? ?
:

1. 8. 8.
( , )
2. : , .
( ? )

1. __________________________ ( ). 2.
_________________ ( ), , . 3.
__________________________
( ), _____________ ()
.
4.

___________________ ( ),
.
5. 8

__________________ ( ),
_____________________________
( ). 6.*+
________________ ()
: !, ,
.
334. ?
1. ______________________ ( ). 2. _____________________ ?
3. _________________ ( ). 4. ___________________
( ). 5. ______________________ ( ). 6.
___________________ ( ). 7. ____________________ ( ). 8.
_________________ ( ). 9. ! ___________________
() ?! 10. , ___________________ ( ).
11. ______________________ ( ),
______________________ ( ).

228

.. . : 5

335. .
1. 8 ? ? 2. 8?
? 3. ?
336. ( . 309.) , .
+ +, +

16.4

) .
!
?

) .
?
1. .
2. , , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. .

??? ? + ?
? ? ? ? ?
) , .

337. .
1. ? ? ? ? ? ?
2. ? ? ?
, ? ?
3. . , ?
4. , ? ?
5. ? ?

1. IV. 16

229

338. .
? ? ? ? ? ?
? ? ? ? ? ?
?
:

8, .
8, .
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
339. .
) ? ?
:

+ + . 
8, .

1. + + .
2. + .
3. + + .
4. + + .
5. + + .
6. + + .
7. + + .
8. + + .
9. + .
10. + + .
11. + , .
12. + .
13. + .
) + ?
:

, , ?
.

0. , , ?
1. , ?
2. , ?
3. , ?
4. , ?

230

.. . : 5

) * (= ) ( )?
||| (I): (|, |... | ) + (?) + ?
|8|| (II): (| , | ... | ) + + ?
1. ___________________ .
2. ___________________
,
. 3.
___________________ ,
. 4.
_________________ ?
5. _________________________
______________________ ,
SMS- []. 6. ____________________
, . 7.
______________________ , ,
?

340. .
1. ( , , ...) ?
2. ?
3. ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

341. ?
?  ,
?  ,
:

(, ) ?

1. (, ) . 2. (, ),
. 3. (, ). 4. (, ) ? 5.
( , )? 6. ( , ), (, )
. 7. (, ). 8. (, )
? 9. : ( , ) . 10.
(, ), (, ). 11. ( , ) ? 12.
(, )? 13. ( , )? 14. ( ,
), (, ). 15. ! ! ( ,
)! 16. (, ), ( , ). 17. (,
), (, ) .

1. IV. 16

231

342. ? ?
+ ...
...
...
...
...
...
...
...

(_________?) .

(_________?)
5.
(_________?) .
(_________?) .
(_________?) ( ).
(_________?) .
(_________?) .
(_________?) .

? ?

? ?

? ?

8
8

343. ?
: (/) ?
1. ( / ). ___________
2. ( / ). ____________
3. ( /). ___________
4. ( / ). _________
5. ( /). _________
6. ( / ). _________
7. 8 ( /). _________
8. ( / ). _________
9. ( / ) . _________
10. ( /). _________
11. ( / ), _________
( / ). _________
12. + ( / ), _________ ,
( /). _________
13. ( /), _________ ( / ).
_________
344. + . .
:

8.  8!

1. . ____________________________________________________________
2. . __________________________________________________________
3. . ____________________________________________________________
4. . __________________________________________________________
5. . ________________________________________________________
6. . _______________________________________________________

232

.. . : 5

345. ?

?
1 + ? +

+ ?
|8 |8

8 / 8 .

8 8 . 8 8 .
( )
.
|+ (I, )

___________
() ___________

______________
______________
______________

|+ (II, : /)


_____________
() ____________

past: , , ,

____________
____________
____________

(-, -)

2: 29
2: 40
1: 45

| |
( )

| |
( )

( )

1. IV. 16

8| / 8| 8.
?
/ + acc.

|8 / 8| .
/ |8 / 8|.

| |

|8 / 8| 8.
+ / | / 8|.

| |

|8 / 8|.

233

 multi
+ + + = +

 uni1
+
1.

8 .
8 8 .
8
(= )
:
, , ;

, ,
...

8 8
. 8 8
. 8 8 .
, .
8
(= , )
,  ,
 , ...

(. 17)

346. .
1. ? ? _______________________________________
2. ? _______________________________________________________
3. ? ________________________________________________________
4. 8 ? __________________________________
5. 8 ? ____________________________________
6. 8 , , , ? __________________________
7. 8? ___________________________________________________
??? 1. ?
2. ? ? ? ? ?

234

Unidirectional = uni; multidirectional = multi.

.. . : 5

16.5



347. , .
.
?
1.  ,   ?
2.  ,  
 -?

:
, ! ?
, . -.
  %?
,  .
! %!
:
-, ,
-, 

348. ,
 (uni)  (multi).
) 1. ______________ ()  . 2.   _______________ ()
. 3.  __________________ () ? 4.   _________________ ()?
5.     _________________ () . 6. 
______________ ()  . 7.  14:30, ______________ () . 8. 
______________ ()  ,   ______________ () .
9.  ________________ () . 10.   ________________ ()
? 11.    . ______________ ()? 12. 
 _____________ () ,  . 13.  ? ______________ ()
. 14.   ______________ ()  . 15.   
,   ______________ () ,  ______________ () .
16.  ______________ () ,   .
) :
:

+ = 

+ = ____________
+ = ___________
 +  = _____________
* + = ___________

+ = _____________  +  = ______________
+ = _____________ + = __________
+ = ________ * + = ____________
* + + + = ___________

349. + , . . -?
:

, , ,    % .

) :
1) , ,   ______________________________________________________
2) , ,   ______________________________________________________
3) , ,   ___________________________________________________________
4) , , ,  ,  , , ,   ____________
1. IV. 16

235

) :
1) , , ,  ________________________________________________
2) , , ,  ________________________________________
3) , , -  _______________________________________________
4) , , , ,  ______________________________________

350. :
: 8. ?
! + 8. 8 8 8.
:
1) ,
2) +,
3) ,
4) ,
??? ,
, + ,
,
?

351. , + (/ + .)?
1. ____ ______________________________ ( ).
2. ____ ____________________________ ( ).
3. ____ ______________________________ ( ).
4. ? ____ _________________________ ( )?
, ____ ______________________________ ( ).
5. ____ _______________________ ( ) .
6. ! ____ ______________________________ ().
7. ____ ______________________________ (8)?

352. , .
:

- , 8. ?
8.

8:
, , , ,
, , ,
, ,
, ,
, ...

8 8 (+ / .):
, , , ,
, , , , ,
, , , ,
, , ...

??? , ? ,
? , ?

236

.. . : 5

353. .
1. ____________ ?
, ____________ .
2. ____________ ( ) ?
, ____________ .
3. ____________ ?
, ____________ .
4. ____________ ?
? ____________ .
5. ____________ ( ) .
, ____________ , ____________ .
6. ____________ ( ) ?
, ____________ , .

354. . !
:
________________?
8.
_________________?
, 8 ,
_____________ 8.
:
; ; - -;
;
* .

355. ().
.
1. ______________ . ? ____________________.
2. ______________ , . ? ____________.
3. ______________ . ? _________________.
4. ______________ . ? _____________.
5. ______________ . ? ____________________.
6. ______________ . ? ____________________.
: , , , - , ,
,

1. IV. 16

237

356. .
1. , ? ? ?
? ? ? ?
2. ? ?
3. ? ? ? ?
4. ? ? ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
357. ! ?


. , , , ,
, , , . ?
, .

( )

t

358. !

16.6

??? ?

 1. :

. , .
8?
, , .

16.7

 !


2. :
, 8 ?
8 8, . 8 8
8 .
!
:
( ),
( ),
( )...
359.
? ? ?
__________________________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________________________

238

.. . : 5

17.1

17
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -;
 ---,
---, ---, ---, ---;
8, , 8, 8 8, 8,
8, 8 8, 8;
, , , , , , , , ,
, ;
, ;
, , , ;
[]: -, , ;
[]: , , ; , , ,
, , ,

 uni
+

 +  =  multi
+ + + = +

8
( )


( )

2 1.

)
8.
8
.
) :
8 .
( ?
... .)

3. .
 
.

8 / .
( ) / .
8 / .
8 8?
?




)
+

8 .
(=
= 1 )
8 8/8
.
(= /
= ,
1 )

) ; :
8, 8.
8 (= ).
) + inf.:
8 8 .
) 8 .
(= + ?)

1 16 (. 234).

1. IV. 17

239

17.2

360. .

) .
?
1. , .
2. , .
3. , .
4. , .
5. .
6. .



) .

361. .

! !
?
. 8 .
?! 8?
. 8
.
! ?
, 8 .
8 .
( ) ?
8 .

, ,
. : = .
362.
) (  ).
1. ________________ () . 2. _________________ ()
? 3. _______________ () ? 4. ,
________________ (). 5. ________________ () ? 6. ,
! , _______________________ ()
. 7. ! _________________ () ! 8.
__________________ () . ? 9. _______________ ()
? , ____________________________ () . 10.
_______________ () , . 11.
_________________ () . 12. _________________ ().
13. , _______________ () - .
) !
 ] ?
[
, . 8 8.

240

, , , ,
, ,
.. . : 5

363. .
1. / ? 2. , ,
? 3. ? ? ?
4. , - ? 5. ?
..., ? 6. ? 7. ?
() ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

364. .
1. .
8 ?
, 8.
8 8?
. 8 8. ?
8 .
: , , ,
, ,

8 ? =
8?
( 8 ?)
8 ? =
?
( / ?)

2. .
, ?
8 .
?
8 .
8 ?
8 8.
.

365. .
1. ? 2. ?
? ? 3. ? 4. (=
)? 5. + , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 17

241

366. (, )  (, ).
: ?  ?
:

.  8 .

1. . _________________________________________________________
2. . ______________________________________________________
3. . _____________________________________________________
4. ? _______________________________________________________________
5. ? _______________________________________________
6. . __________________________________________________________
7. . ______________________________________________________________
8. . ______________________________________________________________
9. . _________________________________________________________________
10. . _______________________________________________________
11. . ________________________________________________________
12.* , ? ____________________________

367. ! ?
1. ________________ ?
, _______________ .
2. _________________ ?
, _________________ .
3. _________________ ?
, _____________ . _____________ .
4. _________________ !
! , _________________ !..
5. _________________ ?
, _____________, _____________ .
6. _______________ ?
, , _________________ .

17.3

368.




) ? ?
) .
??? , ?
? ? ?
,
, ?
+ +
?
, ?
?
? .
, , ...

242

.. . : 5

8? ? !
, . , .
, 8. , ?
) .

17.4

369.

) . ?
+ + +?
?
8 8 CD [ ].
? CD! ?
, . + , .
, ! 8, ? .
8.
, + INF.
) !
, DVD [ ], , , , ...
* 370. ? ( = ?)
8 , 8 8 .  8 / 8 8 .
+ + inf.  / + inf.
) :

?
, 8 .

1. ? ______________________________________________________
2. ? _________________________________________________
3. ? _______________________________________________
4. ? _________________________________________________________
5. ? _______________________________________________________
6. ? _____________________________________________________
7. * , ? _________________________________________
8, 8.
 8, 8 8.
1 () + inf.  1 () + 2 () + past
) (past)? !
1. , ____ . 2.
, ____. 3. , ____.
1. IV. 17

243

4. ____ . 5. , ____. 6.
_____. 7. , ,
____. 8. _____. 9. , _____.
10. ____ .

17.5

371.




) . ? ?
) .
+ , ...
?
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. + .
5. .
6. .

) .
) , .
! +! !
, !
!
--... . ?
, . .
-! ?! __________ ?
: , . ?
. , . __________ .
-! , . ! , __________ .
, .
.
, . __________ ? !
, . . , __________, .
-, . . .
!
. !
 ) 2.1.
10 . .
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

244

.. . : 5

17.6

372. ( . 309310.) .




) ?
) .
+
: 8|, 8.

??? ?
?
? ?
?
?
?

) , / .
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

373. . ?
: ) _______ /11 + ) _______ /19 .
) 1. , ______________? 2. ,
____________. 3. ____________ . 4. ____________
. 5. ______________ , ______________ . 6.
, ____________ , . 7.
______________ ? 8. ? ______________ . 9.
______________ , ______________, .
) ( ).
. + ________________ .
. ________________ , , ,
______________ . ______________ .
, ______________, .
______________ ! ,
______________ .
, , , . ______________
. .
______________ , , !
) , / .
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 17

245

18.1

18
---, -, ---, -, ---,
 -,
-, ---, -, ---, -, ---,
-, --, -, --;
, ,  ,  ,  ;
 , , , , 

?
|:
?
(acc.)

.
( :
, , , , , , ...)

374. .
1.  ? 2.  ? 3.  ? 4.
 ? 5.  ? 6.  ? 6. 
? 7.   (,   
)? 8.  -?

 ,   ,  ?
t ?
...  ?
...   ,  ?
...  , , ?
...  ,  ?
...    ?

 |:
?
(acc.)

1.  .
 + :  + 
( : , , , , ,
, ...)

?
(acc.)

2.1.  .
 + :  + 
( + : , , , ...)

inf.

2.2.   -.
 + :  +
( + inf.:  , , , ...)

375. .
) ? ( ) ?
?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

246

.. . : 5

) 1. ? 2. ? 3. ? 4.
? 5. ? 6. ( )? 7. ?
? , , ?.. ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) 1. ? 2. , ? 3.
, ? 4. ,
? ? 5. ? 6. ? 7.
, , , ? 8.
?

376. ?
1. _____________ - . ______________
. 2. ____________ .
3. ______________ . 4. ______________ . 5.
_________________ . 6. _______________ . 7.
____________ . 8. ______________
, , , . __________________ ,
, . 9. ____________ .
____________ .
- -?
+ + c?

8 8.  = 8.
8. 8 8.  8 . (?)
Sub.

Obj.

Sub.

- (/?)

/? .

+:

8

/

past: , ,
imperative: ()!

1. IV. 18

247

377. sub. + obj. .


) :

+  8
+ 

+
+
+ ___________________
+ ________________
+ ____________________
) :

+ ________________
+ __________________
+ _________________
+ _______________
+ _______________

+ ________________
+ _________________
+ ________________
+ ________________
+ __________________

. 
( ) ( ) .

. .
. .

378. ?
1. _______________ . 2. , _______________
- . 3. ________________? 4. ________________? 5.
_______________ . _______________ . 6. +
. _________________ . _________________ . 7.
- ! _______________? _______________? 8.
_____________ ? 9. _____________ . 10. _____________
, . 11. _______________ . 12.
. _______________ , . 13. ,
_______________ .
= 8.
8 = 8/ .

379. ?
, , , ?
... , , , ?
... ?
... , , , ?

380. .
1. , , ?.. ? ?
? ______________________________________________________________________
2. , , ?.. ? ?
? ________________________________________________________________________
3. + , ? ______________________________________
4. ? __________________________________________________

248

.. . : 5

5. ? _____________________________________________
6. ? ? ? _____________
__________________________________________________________________________________
7. , (
, , , ). ?
, ? ______________________________________________________
__________________________________________________________________________________
381. , ? .
1. . _______________________________________________________ .
2. . . ______________________ .
3. - . ?
______________________________________________________________________________ .
4. , . __________________________________ .
5. , . ___________________________ .
6. . .
_______________________________ . ________________________________ .
7. . 15 _______________________ .
8. . 7 ? _________________________________ .
9. . ________________ .

382. + , ? .

18.2

) , , -  ____________________________
) , ,  _________________________________________
) , ,  ____________________________________________

383. , .
, . ( . 310.)
__________________?
, .
, , , .
, . 8 8.
? ____________ ! ______________ ?
, ... __________________ ?
.
? __________________?
__________________ , .
: .

1. IV. 18

249

18.3



384. / . .

: (f.)  , |, (), , ,

?
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .

+ +
. + .
. 8| - .
, . , ,
. 8 ,
, .
. ,
, . - .
, , . +
, .
, , . +
. , , , ,
. , :
destroy.
. .
, -, , . ,
, , , , . -
. ,
. ,
.
.
8 | , , .
, ,
.
8 ,
. . ,
, ,
.
, . ,
, , .
, ( ),
.
, .

250

.. . : 5

??? + ?
?
, ?
?
1. ? ? ?
, ?
2. : , ?
3. : ,
, , . . , .
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
385. () ().
( + )?
1. ___________ .
2. ___________ .
3. ___________ .
4. ___________ .

) ___________
) ___________
) ___________
) ___________

386. . , ? : _____ / 15 .
) 1. _________________ . _________________ . 2.
_________________ . 3. _________________ . 4.
? _________________ - . 5. ,
_________________ . 6. _________________ . 7. ,
_________________ . 8. _________________
, . 9. _______________________ . 10.
_________________ , _________________, .
11. , _________________ . 12.
, _________________ . _________________ .
) . .
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________
_______________________________________________

1. IV. 18

251

?
 (  ).   (   ).

1. + noun   . ()
2. | (I) + inf. |  . ()

387. .
1.   ? 2.   ? 3.  
? 4.     ? 5.   ?
? 6.    , ? 7.   ?
? 8.     ? 9.  
? 10.   ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

388. . = .
:

  .    .

1.  . 2.  . 3.   . 4. 
 -. 5.  . 6.    . 7.  
 . 8.  . 9.   . 10.
  . 11.     . 12.
  . 13.   -. 14.   .

252

389. . , , ,
?

.. . : 5

390. .
1.   ? 2.   -? ? 3.
  -, -, -? 4.  ?
   ? ? 5.   ?
  ? 6.    -?  
 ? 7.   ? 8.   ?
,    ? 9.   ?
?    ?

 ?
1
3
4
5
9
10

|
|
|
|
|
|

0
2
6
7
8
40

|
|
|
|
|
|

11
12
20
21
50
100

|
|...
|
 ...
|...
|

391. .
) .
  ?
,  . ?
 . , ,  .
??? 1.   ?  ?
  ?
2. ?  ?
3.  ? ?
 ? ?
) . ?
 .
.
 ?
, !
392. . .
1. > ,    ?
     ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. > ,    ?  ?
    ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 18

253

393. | (-, -, -)?


____ , ____ , ____ , *____ , ____ ,
____ , ____ , ____ , ____ , ____ , ____
, ____  , ____  ,  ____ ,   ____
, ____ ,  ____ , ____ .

394. .
,  !
?
-, , .
 ?
  .
.
:
  (/,  46),
  (/, 44),
  (/, 48)...

395. |  .
____
____
____
____
____





____
____
____
____
____






____
____
____
____






???    , , , , ?..

396. .
  |.
   :  !
1.   ,   ?
2.   ,  ?
3.       ?    ?
4. 7 ,   ,   ?
5.   ,   ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

254

.. . : 5

397. ?
, ! ?
. ? ?
, .
( )

( + )

- ? - ?
1 000
9 00
9 0
1 -

100400: , , ,
500900: ...
10002000: ...

398. .
) : 1991 
.
1991, 1972, 2003, 1844, 1917, 2001, 1960, 1789, 1901, 1605, 1967, 2002, 1425, 1985, 2005.

) .
, , , ... ?
? , , ?
?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

- - -?
8 8 8?
: 8, 8, 8, 8 ( = )
+: , , ( )
+: , , ( )
+: , , ( )
+: , , ( )
??? , 8|, , ?
? ?

1. IV. 18

255

399. .
:

8.

, , , , , , , , , , ,
.
/ ? ____________________

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

18.5

18.4

t


- - -?
400. . ?

:
1. 8 8? 8 ?
, . .
-... . ...

:
1)  :
31/30, 10/9,
9/8, 15/14

2. 8 8? ?
, 8 . .
-... . ...

2)  :
19/20, 30/1,
27/28, 18/19

18.6

401.




) .
?
) .
, 8. .
?
8. .
, .
?! ! , . 8 , .
: / / ,
/ / ,
/ / .

256

.. . : 5

402. .
1. ? ? ? ______________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. ? ? ? ____________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

- - (8)?

1
2
3
4
5
6
7

??? 8| ( )?
|8 ( )?

403. .
: . + ? ?
? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

18.7

____________________________________________________________________________________________________

404. , .
. ( . 310.)

1. . ,
__________________.
2. + , , , .
______________________.
3. ! __________________. ,
.
4. , __________________.
5. , ______________________,
.
6. , ,
__________________.

1. IV. 18

257

405. . !
1:

?
8 .

31

14

21

28

15

22

29

16

23

30

10

17

24

31

11

18

25

12

19

26

13

20

27

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

31

2:

13
12
11
10
9
8
7

20
19
18
17
16
15
14

27

26

25

31

24

30

23

29

22

28

21

.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.
.

?
.
?
8.

258

.. . : 5

19.1

19
--, --, --;
 , ,--,
, , , , ;
, , , +, , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ;
-, -, -, - 8 , , 8 ,
, 8 , 8, , , ;
-, -, -, - , , , ,

406. !

+ 1
. . 8... 8, ...
1. _______________ ( ), . 2. _______________ ( ),
. 3. ________________ ( ). 4.
____________________ ( ). 5. _____________________
( ). 6. _______________ ( ), .
7. _____________ ( ), . 8. + ______________
( ). 9. __________________ ( ) ? 10. _________________
( ) . 11. ________________ ( ) .

? ?
 ?
+? ? +? ? ? ?
?..
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

19.2

407. .
) / . : 8, 8,
8, 8. ?



) ?
1. .
2. .
3. , .
4. + .
5. .
6. .
7. .
8. + , .
1

10.

1. IV. 19

259

+ +
8 . ,
, ,
,
. , , 8|,
. . : ,
? 8|
8|? .
8: .
. +
. , , .
- .
, ,
. .
, ,
, ,
. , ,
, . 8 . ,
. , , ,
. , .
-: .
.
, , .
? : ,
. ,
. , .
, .
, , ,
. ,
, . ,
. .
8: .
, |8
. , , -.
8 , .
.
,
. , |8 | ,
,
. ,
+ ,
. , .
|8 .
! ?! , ,
, .

260

.. . : 5

??? ) +, ? ?
? , ?
) 8 8 8 8? 8?
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

) ( ) , () ?
/ ? _______________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
(I, -)
--, --, -- + --


|8| + acc.
|
|
|

|
|
|

|8|
|
|
|

|
|
|

8|| (, )
()!

8|| (, )
()!

+ 8 + .
8 + .

+ 8

|8|1 + acc.
|
|
|

|
|
|

8|| (, )
()!

408. .
1. ____________ ( ) . 2. !
__________ ( ). 3. ______________ ( )?
4. ____________ ( ) ? 5. _________________ ( )
, . 6. ____________________ ( )
, _________________ ( ) . 7.
__________________ ( ) , . 8. ,
_____________ ( ). 9. ______________
( ) ? 10. , ______________
( ) , ______________ ( ) .
1

1.
2.

1. IV. 19

261

11. ______________ ( )
: ---!
______________ ( ),
______________ ( ). 12.
___________________ ( ) . 13.
,
_______________ ( ) , .
14. ,
______________ ( ) .

) .

409. ! !
1. + , ?
2. ?
3. , ?
4. ? ?
5. ( ) ? ?
( )?
6. , ? ?
7. ?
8. , , ,
. , ?
9. , / / ?.. ,
, , ? ?
10. + ? ?
______________________________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________
____________________________________________________

262

.. . : 5

410. , , , ?
1. , ______________. 2. ,
__________________. ? 3.
______________ , . 4.
, + ______________ . 5. +
______________ ,
. 6. , ______________
. 7. 8, 8 ___________________, ,
. 8. , ______________, . 9. ,
, ____________ . 10. , ______________
, , .

? ?
8 ?
8.

8 8 ?
8 8 8.

= ?  .

?  . +  + .

, , , , ...

, / ,
/ /8,


, , ,
8, 8, ,

411. ? , .
:

?
, 8 .

1. ? ( ). _________________________________________________
2. ? (). __________________________________________________________
3. ? ( ). ___________________________________________________
4. + ? (). ____________________________________________________________
5. ? ( ). ______________________________________________________
6. ? ( ). _________________________________________________

 ? ?
412. ? ?
1. ( _____) + ____________ . 2. ( _____)
_________ . 3. (_____) _________ . 4. ( _____)
___________ . 5. ___________ ( _____) ? 6. ( _____)
___________ . 7. (_____) __________ . 8.
( _____) ____________ . 9. (_____) _____________ +.
10. (_____) ___________ . 11. ( _____) ___________
.

1. IV. 19

263

413. ?
:

? (, ) 
8 ?
8, 8.

1. ? ( ). ________________________________
2. ? ( ). ___________________________________________
3. ? (). __________________________________________________
4. ? ( ). ______________________________________
5. ? (). __________________________________________________
6. ? ( ). _______________________________________________
7. ? ( ). _________________________________
8. ? ( ). _________________________________________
9. ? ( ). __________________________________
10. ? ( ). _______________________________________________
11. ? ( ). _____________________________________
? ( ). _________________________________

414. ! /, ?

1.____________________
_____________________
_____________________

2.____________________
_____________________
_____________________

t


3.____________________
_____________________
_____________________
?

415. ?  ? !
:

?
.
?
13:00.

8:20 ____________
14:00 __________

264

16:10 __________
04:20 __________

18:30 __________
23:15 __________

02:00 ___________
19:00 ___________

.. . : 5

t
acc.:

, , ...
/ , ...  / /

416. !
1. ? 2. ? 3.
? 4. ? 5. ? 6.
? 7. ? 8.
? 9. ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

19.3

____________________________________________________________________________________________________
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -,  , -,
-, -, -;
, , , , 8, , ,
, , []: , ;
[]: , , , , , ,

+ prep.

+ acc.

( ) / 8 /
8, ... 8

( ) / /
( ) /

( ) 8

8 8?
, , ,
, ,
,

417. .
) 1. ( ) ? 2. , ?
3. ? ( , ...)? 4.
( , ...)? 5. / 8? 6.
( ) ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 19

265

) 1. / : , , ?
2. / : , , , ,
, ?
3. / : , , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) 1. / , , ,
, , , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
418. + ?
1. , ___________________ ( ) , ? 2.
________________ ( ) . 3. ______________ ( )
____________ ( ) . 4. _____________
( ). 5. ________________ ().
, ______________ ( ) _______________ ( )
______________ (). 6. ! __________ ()
, ! 7. + ,
_____________ ( )? 8. , : _____________
( ) ____________ ( ). , ______________ ( ).
9. ___________________ ( ) .
10. _____________ ( ), _____________ (),
________________ ( ), ________________ ( ), _______________ ( ),
____________ ( ).
419. . + + + ( )
?

, , , ( ), 18:30. 
.
?
.
?
18:30.

1. , , , (), 15:00.
2. , , , ( ), 11:00.
3. , , , ( ).
4. , , , ( ), 22:00.
5. , , , , ( ).
6. , , , ( ), 19:00.

266

.. . : 5

420. + ( ) | () + ?
) 1. ( ) + 8 _______________ . 2.
() ______________ 8. 3. 8 _______________ ( ).
8 _______________ ( ), ( ) .
4. ( ), ( ) ( ), 8 _______________ . 5. ( )
8 _______________ .

+30 ? _________________________________________________
 )
? ? _________________________________________
20 ? ________________________________________________________
+5 ? _________________________________________________________
? _________________________________________________________
? _____________________________________________
1. ? 2. ? 3.
 )
? 4. ? 5.
? 6. ? / ?
7. ? 8. ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

19.4

421. ( . 310.) .




) , ?
) . ?
: ? ?
+ prep.
, ,
...

+ acc.
, ...
: , , ...

422.
) / ?

1. IV. 19

267

) ?
1. ___________________ ( ), .
2. ________________ ( ).
3. __________________ ( ).
4. __________________ ( )!
5. ________________ ( ).
6. , ________________ ( ).
7. ________________ ( ).
8. _______________ ( ), ______________ ( ).
9. + , ______________ ( )?
10. _____________ ()?
11. ________________ ( ).
12. + , ________________ ( , m.),
________________ ________________ ( , f. ).
13. ________________ (8).
14. ____________________ ( ).
15. ________________ ( ) .
*16. ________________ ( ).
*17. , ________________ ( ).

19.5

423. .
) . , / .

) .
?
1. .
2. , .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. , .

268

.. . : 5

) , , , .
. .
, .
, . , . ,
, ...
, , . ,
, . , ,
, . , ...
. . +, ,
! !
. , .
8. .
. , ,
. . ! .
, . .
. .
, - . 8 .
+ , . ,
8, .
, . ,
. , .
! . !
! , ...
??? ?
?
?
?
?
?
, ?

1. / / , ?
 )
?
2. , /
?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 19

269

424.
) : 1) 
8?
.

2) 
8?
.

1) , , , , , , (f.), ,
.
2) - , , , ,
.
) 1. ?
? 2. ? ? 3.
? 4. ? ?
? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

19.6

____________________________________________________________________________________________________



425. ( . 311.)
) ! ? ?
) , .

___________! ___________ ?
____ ____ . . _______________.
, . .
______________ ...
! .
) 1. , , , , ?..
2. . ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

270

.. . : 5

426. .
: 8! , !
!
!
!
!
!
!

15:00
19:00

10:00

16:00

11:00

17:30 -

12:30

17:00

12:00

) +, .

15:00
18:00

11:00

19:00

19.7

427. . .

) ! ?

1. IV. 19

271

) ? , ).
:

. 
8 , 8 8.

1. . 2.
. 3. . 4. .
5. - . 6.
. 7. . 8. .
9. . 10.
. 11. . 12.
.
??? , ? , , , ?..
? ,
?
428. ) ?
/ :
.

) ( ) ...
____________________________________________________________________
________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________

272

.. . : 5

20.1

20

 --, --, --, --, --


, 8 8, , , 8
8, 8 , 8 ;
--, --, --, --, --;
8 8, , ;
-, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -, -;
---, ---, ---, ---, ---;
8 8, , , , ,
, , , 8 8, ,
8, , 8 ;
[]: , ; , , ,
,

+ (a.)

|| (I, )
|
|
|
|
|
|

|| (I, )
|
|
|
|
|
|




|
|
|

||1 (I)
|
|
|
|
|
|

past: || (-, -)

|| (- , -)

(-, -)

|| (-, -)

noun: ( )

(sing.)

, , : | .

1. IV. 20

273

429. ?
) 1. ___________? 2. ___________? 3.

__________ ? 4. __________ . 5. __________
. 6. ___________ ? 7. ___________ .
8. ___________ 8 . 9. ___________ . 10. +
___________ - - . 11. ,
___________. 12. , ___________. 13. ___________:
? 14. , _____________ . 15. _____________
.
| (-, -). = .
 1.)
, / ? ?
2. , , - .
?
3. , , .
?
4. ?
430. .

) + /? (.)
:

+  .

+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+
+ +
+
+
+
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

) 
:

1) 
8?
, . .

2) 
8?
, . 8 .












____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

274

.. . : 5

431. .
) . ?
+

________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________
________________________________________

______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________
______________________________________

8, , , , 8, , , 8, ,
, , ,
) ? ?
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
432. (, , ) ?
) + /: () , , , 8, , ...

_____________________________
_______________________________
_________________________________
___________________________
_______________________________
________________________
______________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
- __________________________

___________________________
___________________________
_______________________________
_______________________________
_________________________________
_____________________________
8 ______________________________
_____________________________
_________________________________
______________________________

?
 )1.
? ?
2. , 8, 8, ? 8?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
1. IV. 20

275

433. .
) + + .
:

+  8 .

1) + , 2) + , 3) + , 4) + , 5) + ,
6) + + , 7) + + , 8) + , 9) + ,
10) +
) ?
:

 8|
 8|

1. __________ ______ . 2. __________ ______ . 3.


___________ ______ . 4. ______ ? 5. ___________
_______ . 6. ____________ _______ . 7. _____________
______ . 8. __________ ______ ? 9. ______ .
10. __________ ______ ______ .
) ? ?
__________________________________________________________________________________________
) ?


+ , .
+ , , .

434. ) !
, ?
, . .

, ?
, . .

: (), (), (), (), ().


, , ()
() / / ...
8 8.  8.
) .
1. ? ? ? ?
? ? , , , ?..
2. ( , ) :
, , , , , , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , ?..
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

276

.. . : 5

20.2

435. ( . 311.)




) .
: ? ?
) .
?
+, , ___________ . ,
. .
. , , ______________ ,
, .
___________ , ___________ .
___________ . ,
. , . ,
, , , ___________ .
.
.
. ___________ , ___________
. , - :
.
___________ .
+ . . , .
: , , .
, : , .
___________ ___________ ,
. + , ,
, .
___________,
. ___________ , , _____________ .
___________, .
, . ___________
___________ .
1. ( ) ?
2. , ? .
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV. 20

277

436. + + ?
) 1. _________ (). 2. _________ ( ). 3. _________ ( ).
4. _________ ( ). 5. _________ ( ). 6. _________ ( - )? 7.
________________ ( ). 8. ___________ ( )
( ). 9. _________ ( ). 10. _________
( ). 11. _________ ( ). 12. _________ ( )?
) 1. _________ ( )? 2. ? _________. 3.
_________ ( ). 4. _________ . 5. ?
_________. 6. _________ ( ). 7. _________ ()? 8.
, _________ (). 9. _________
( ). 10. _________ ( ). 11.* _________, , ,
_________.
437. .
) 1. , ? 2. , ?
? 3. , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
4. , , , ?.. 5. , , ,
, ?.. 6. , ? 7.
? ? ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

 ) :

+ / (.)
( ) ! !

278

.. . : 5

438. ?
) ( + + /).
+ _______________________________________________________________________
+ ____________________________________________________________________
+ _______________________________________________________________________
+ 8______________________________________________________________________
+ ______________________________________________________________________
+ ________________________________________________________________________
+ ____________________________________________________________________________
+ _________________________________________________________________________
+ ___________________________________________________________________________
+ _______________________________________________________________
) .
, ...________________________________________________
, ... _________________________________________________
, ... _______________________________________________
... ____________________________________________________________
... ______________________________________________
... ____________________________________________________
... ______________________________________________________
1. ? ? ________________________________________
 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________
2. ? ? __________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

439. + , , .
1. , ___________. 2. : ___________
___________ . 3. + ___________ ,
. 4. + ! ___________
, __________ , ___________ . 5. ___________
, , , ___________
___________ . 6. , ,
___________ . 7. ______________ ! 8. , ,
, __________ ____________. 9. ? _____________
? 10. ___________ , .

1. IV. 20

279

440. : , , . : _____ / 12 .
1. ___________ .
, ___________ . 2. , ___________ ?
? 3. _____________ . 4.
___________? , ___________ . 5.
___________, . ___________, . 6.
___________ , . 7. , :
___________, ____________. 8. ___________
. 9. ___________ !
441.
) , , , |8? ,
? , ? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) ? , ?
? ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
) : , . , ?
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________________________

20.3

442. ( . 311312.) .

) !
?
1. , .
2. , .
3. .
4. .
5. .
6. .
7. , ,
.

280

.. . : 5

) . .
+
, . , .
, .
. _______________
, . + , _______________.
, . ! ,
, . .
_______________. , ,
_______________. .
, . , ,
, . +
, , _______________ . !
_______________, 8. !
! ?
, _______________,
. ! ? + 8!
, , , . !
, , .
. , .
_______________, . ,
, , , .
, , . , _______________!
! ?!

1. IV. 20

281

) ? , :
1) ;
2) , , ;
3) ;
4) ;
5) .

 /? ?
t 443. .
()! ()!
()! ()!
) ?
.
+.
?
!
.
.
.
?

!
, . +, !
!
!
!
!
!
!

) (, , , ) ,
).
1. + , ____________ ! ___________________________
2. + : __________ __________ ! ________________________________
3. , : __________ ! _________
4. + , ___________ ! _____________________________________
5. + , ___________ ___________ ! _____________________
6. , __________ __________! _____________________________________
7. + , __________ ! ___________________________________
8. + , __________ , , __________ ,
! _________________________________________________________________________
9. , , ___________! ______________________
10. , __________ ! ______________________________________________
11. . ? __________, !_____________________________
) ) , .

282

.. . : 5

IV
(: 40 + 5 )
: __________ / 100 ()
1. (: ____ / 5 + : ____ / 6 + : ____ / 5 = ____ / 16).
) :
 ______________,  ______________,  ______________,
 ______________,  ______________.
) :
:

 .

 ______________,  ______________,  ______________,


 ______________,  ______________,
 ______________.
) ?
:

1. ______________, 2. ______________, 3. ______________,


4. ______________ [1,5 ]

1. ______________, 2. ______________, 3. ______________,


4. ______________ [1,5]

: 1. ______________, 2. ______________, 3. ______________,


4. ______________ [1]
: 1. ______________, 2. ______________ [1]
2. (_____ / 6).
.
1. _______________________________? .
2. _______________________________? .
3. _______________________________? .
4. _______________________________? .
5. _______________________________? .
6. _______________________________? .
3. .
3.1. (: ____ / 4 + : ____ / 6 + : ____ / 12 = ____ / 22).
) + / / / :
________________ , ________________ ,
.
_________________ , .
_________________ .

1. IV

283

) + :
1. _________________ , ________________ ,
_________________ .
2. .  , :
.  ______________________________________________________ .
.  _______________________________________________________ .
?  ________________________________________________ .
) + , , , , , , ,
, , :
1. ______________ 8:00.
2. ______________, ______________.
3. ? ______________? 5 .
4. ______________ ______________ .
5. ______________, ______________ ______________ .
______________ ______________ .
6. ______________ .
3.2. / (nouns/pronouns)
(: ____ / 21 + : ____ / 17 = ____ / 38).
) acc. / prep. (prepositions)?
1. ________________ (), ________________ ().
______________ () ?
2. ______________ (), ______________ () ______________
(), ____________ () .
3. ____________ ()? ______________ () ?
4. ______________ ().
5. , ____________ ().
_________ ().
6. , ______________ ().
7. ______________ () ______________ ().
______________ ( ) ______________ ().
8. _________________ ( ) ____________________ ( ).
9. ______________ ().
10. ______________ () ?
) / :
1. ______________ ().
2. ______________ () .
3. ______________ (), ______________ (),
______________ ().
4. ______________ (), ______________ (/)
.

284

.. . : 5

5. ______________ () ______________ ______________ (


). ______________ () .
6. ______________ (), ______________ ().
7. ______________ () ______________ () ______________ ()
______________ ().
8. ______________ (/) ?
4. . ! (____ / 5).
1. ______________ (), .
2. , ______________ (), .
, ______________ () .
3. ____________ () .
4. , ______________ () .
5. ( ). (_____/ 7).
. () + ().
?
?
?
?
?
?
?

, .
.
.
.
.
.
.

6. . 67 (____ / 6).
( , )? ?
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________
_________________________________________________________________________________

1. IV

285

1
1

, , ,
, , .
, , , ,
.
, , .
(), , ,
.

, ,
, : , , ,
.
, , .
, ,
. , , .

,
, . , , .
(, , , )
. ,
, , , , . .
, , , ,
, , , .
.
, , /, /
, / .

1 / 1+

, , , , .
, , , , ..
, , SMS ,
, .
, ( ) ,
, , , , , . .

1+

2+

1+

2+

3
IXXII
4660

23
VIIX
3150

2
VIVIII
2640

1
IIV
120

12
IIIVI
1130

- : 5

1
1+ (ELP European Language Portfolio. Council of Europe. / .
. www.coe.int/portfolio).

286

.. . : 5

1.

120
(-/-, -, -/-, -/-  noun m. f. n.;
-, -/-  adjective; -, -  adverb;
-/-/-  verb)
(: ? /? ? ? ? ()? ? ? ?  ? ?)

I
1

287

(. 18)
,  ______________________________
()   ____________
 ______________________________
 _________________________________
 ______________________________________
 ___________________________
:  _____________________
 ___________________________________
 _______________________________
,  _______________________________
  (pl.) _____________________
 __________________________
 ________________________________
 ________________________________
 ____________________________
 ____________________________
 _________________________________
 _________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
 + =  ___________________
 __________________________
 ___________________________
 ___________________________
 _________________________

 _________________________________
 _________________________________
_____________________________________
 ___________________________________
 _____________________________________
_____________________________________
 ___________________________________
 __________________________________
() ________________________________
 () _______________________________
 __________________________________
 _____________________________________
 ____________________________________
 ____________________________________
 ________________________________
2
 ____________________________________
 _________________________________
 ___________________________________
_____________________________________
 ___________________________________
( ) __________________________
 __________________________________
 _____________________________________
______________________________________
_____________________________________

( ; ?) _________________
_________________________________________
 _______________________________
 ________________________________
   __________________________
   ______________________
 _________________________________
 (4 !) ___________________
_________________________________________
 ( ?) ____________________
_________________________________________
( ?) ____________________
_________________________________________
 ________________________________
 (pl.) ________________________
(f.) _________________________________
(f.) ________________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
____________________________________
 ______________________________
 ________________________________
:  ______________________
 _________________________________
 ______________________________

288

.. . : 5

______________________________________
..., ... ________________________________
 __________________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
 ___________________________________
()! _____________________________
( !) ________________________
 ____________________________
 _________________________________
 _______________________________
 ____________________________________
________________________________
 ______________________________
 ____________________________________
,   () ________
________________________________________
 __________________________________
  _______________________
   __________________________
 __________________________________
 ________________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
| (acc.), I __________________________
 ____________________________________
| (acc.) _____________________________
| (acc.) __________________________
| (acc.) _________________________

| (acc.) __________________________
| (acc.) ____________________________
| (acc.) ____________________
 _________________________________
| (acc.) ______________________
 _________________________________
| ( + acc. + dat.) _______________
 ___________________________________
| ( + prep.) _______________________
 __________________________________
( ?) _____________________
 __________________________________
 ____________________________________
_____________________________________
 ? _________________________
 _____________________________________
4, 5
 ____________________________________
   _________________________
   _________________________
   ________________________
| _______________________________
 _________________________________
 ___________________________________
 __________________________________
|, II _____________________________
 _________________________________
(), - ____________________________
 ______________________________

|(), - _______________________
(), - _______________________
 ___________________________________
 __________________________________
|, -, - ____________________
  ________________________
...  ________________________
 _______________________________
 ___________________________________
 _______________________________
 ___________________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
  ______________________________
 ______________________________
 ___________________________________
 _________________________________
 _________________________________
 _________________________________
 __________________________________
_____________________________________
 ____________________________________
 _________________________________
 ________________________________
? _____________________________
 _______________________________
 ____________________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
____________________________________
 __________________________________

1.

II
6, 7

289

   ___________________________
- _______________________________
   () _______________________
 ___________________________________
 ________________________________
   ___________________________
   _____________________
   _____________________
| (acc.) _______________________
 _________________________________
| (acc.) _________________________
 ____________________________________
| (acc.) __________________________
 ____________________________________
| (acc.) ___________________________
| (acc.) _________________________
 ___________________________________
| ( acc.) _________________________
 ____________________________________
 ____________________________________
 ___________________________________
 ____________________________________
____________________________________
 ___________________________________
____________________________________
 __________________________________
___________________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
 _________________________________
_____________________________________
   __________________________
 _________________________________
 () ____________________________
 __________________________________
 ( ) ______________________

 ___________________________________
 ________________________________
 ( !) _____________________
| _______________________________
 __________________________________
| (acc./inf.) ______________________
 ___________________________________
(f.) ( ) ___________________
________________________________________
| (acc.) __________________________
____________________________________
 ( ) ____________
________________________________________
 ______________________________
 ____________________________
()    () ________________
________________________________________
 ___________________________________
 ________________________________
 ________________________________
 ___________________________________
 _______________________________
 _____________________________
8, 9
 ____________________________________
 __________________________________
 ________________________________
_____________________________________
 () ______________________
 () ______________________
|, - ________________________________
____________________________________
 ___________________________________
 _____________________________
 ___________________________________
_____________________________________
 ___________________________________

 ___________________________________
() _________________________
 ______________________________
 _________________________________
 ___________________________________
 (f.) _____________________________
=  _____________________
 ________________________________
 _________________________________
||| (acc.), II ______________________
||| _________________________________
 _________________________________
||| (acc.) _________________________
 ______________________________
||| (acc.) ________________________
 (f.) ______________________________
||| (acc.) __________________________
||| (acc./ + acc.) ______________
||| (acc.) _________________________
||| ________________________________
||| ________________________________
, I (?): |, |, | ________
__________________________________
   ________________________
 ___________________________________
   ________________________
 _________________________________
__________________________________
____________________________________
 _________________________________
 ___________________________________
   _______________
________________________________________
, , ,  ________________
________________________________________
, , ,  ___________
________________________________________
 _________________________________

290

10

.. . : 5

, , , _______________________
________________________________________
..., ... ______________________
 __________________________________
|||, II _____________________________
 _________________________________
____________________________________
| _________________________________
 __________________________________
 (f.) ________________________________
 (f.) ______________________________
 ____________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
 ____________________________________
 ____________________________
_____________________________________
_____________________________________
  ______________________________
|, - _______________________________
|, - ________________________________
|, - ________________________________
  _________________________
  ______________________
 __________________________
 _____________________________
  _________________________

  _________________________
  _______________________
  _________________________
 ___________________________
 ______________________________
   ___________________________
| (acc.), I _______________________
 _________________________________
. . =  ______________________

III
11, 12
 ____________________________________
|  | ______
________________________________________
|  | _________________________
|  | _____________________
|  | ____________________
|  |/| ______________
________________________________________
|  | ______________________
|  |/| ____________
________________________________________
| | | ________
________________________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________

 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
| _______________________________
 _________________________________
| ________________________________
| ________________________________
 ____________________________
! _______________________________
| ______________________________
| _________________________________
 ________________________________
 ___________________________________
, , ,   , , , ________
________________________________________
 ____________________________________
| _______________________________
||| (I + II): , ,  _______
________________________________________
, I: |, |, | ___________
________________________________________
, |, | + ________
________________________________________
  ..., ___________________
________________________________________
 , ... / , ... ____________
________________________________________
 ___________________________________
 ________________________________

1.

13, 14
   ___________________________
   _______________________
 _______________________________
____________________________________
  ____________________________
|, II: |, |, | ___________
________________________________________
| _______________________________
| _____________________________
____________________________________
 __________________________________
 ________________________________
| ______________________________
 _________________________________
| _______________________________
 ________________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 ___________________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 _______________________________
, - _______________________
|, - _______________________
() (-, -)! _________________
  () _________________________

  () ________________________
   () _______________________
   () ____________________
 _______________________________
____________________________________
| __________________________________
| ______________________________
 _________________________________
 _______________________________
 ___________________________________
| _________________________________
| _________________________________
15
| ( + prep.) _____________________
| ( + prep.) _____________________
| (.), I: |, | , |
_______________________________________
 __________________________________
   ________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
 _______________________________
 _______________________________
( ) ____________________________
( ) ________________________
( )   ________________

 ( ) ____________________________
(/ ) _____________________
___________________________________
 _______________________________
__________________________________
 ________________________________
 _________________________________
___________________________________
___________________________________
 ______________________________
| ________________________________
  _____________________________
   _________________________
 ( , ) __________________
 ( ) ____________________
 ( ) ____________________
 ( ) ______________________
 _________________________
 ____________________________
 _________________________________
   ______________________
 ________________________________
 ______________________________
 _________________________________
| _______________________________
 ________________________________

291

292

IV
16, 17

.. . : 5

| (, acc.), II _____________________
| (), II __________________________
| (acc./inf.), II ________________
 ___________________________________
| (, dat.) _____________________
| (, dat.) _________________
| (acc., ) _________________
 (acc., + instr.) _____________
| () ______________________
| (acc.), I: |, |, | _______
________________________________________
| _____________________________
 __________________________
_____________________________________
 _____________________________
| _____________________________
| _____________________________
 _________________________________
 =  ________________________
   _____________________________
 __________________________________
* ________________________________
| ___________________________________
| _________________________________
 ____________________________________
 _________________________________
| _______________________________
____________________________________
___________________________________
| (acc.) ________________________

 __________________________________
, -, - + ____________________
, -, - + ______________________
| = || (acc.) ___________
________________________________________
 ______________________________
 ________________________________
   ______________
18, 19, 20
| (acc.) _________________________
| (+ inf.), I _________________________
 ( ) ______________
_______________________________________
| ________________________________
 ___________________________
 ________________________________
 ________________________________
| ___________________________
 (  ?) __________
_______________________________________
| ____________________________
|  | ____________________
|  |/| ______
_______________________________________
|| (acc., dat.) ____________________
|| ____________________________
|| __________________________
 _________________________
|| (acc.) ________________________

|| ______________________________
|| ______________________________
 __________________________________
 =   ________
_______________________________________
 ( ) ____________
_______________________________________
| ______________________________
|  | _______________________
 __________________________________
|| (acc), (): , ____________
 __________________________________
|| (acc.), (): ||, ||, || ___
_______________________________________
 _______________________________
| _______________________________
* (acc.) ____________________________
 ____________________________________
|| (.) ___________________________
 __________________________________
 __________________________________
 _________________________________
 _______________________________
 _________________________________
 ______________________________
 _______________________________
 _________________________________
 ( !) _________________
_______________________________________
 (m.),  (f.) ________________________
 ___________________________________

.
()

()

? 

 ?

/ + prep.

/ + acc.

/ + gen.

genitive

instrumental

1.
2.
3. ()
4. : , ,
5. , ,

dative

1. / /
2. /
3. /
4. ... ()
... ()
, ,
, , ,
5. : /,
6. : , ,

1.
2. ()
3. : ,

4. : /, ,

prepositional

, + acc.
-, -
+ gen.
+ dat.




,
-

1.
2.
3. (, )
4.
5. :

accusative

1. / ()
2. : /
3. : /

nominative

 , ,  , + instr.
, , + gen.


 , 
, ,

(sing.)
/?

sing.

noun

/?

() /? /?

/?

/?

NOM.

ACC.

PREP.

DAT.

GEN.

INSTR.

m.
n.

 (-, -)
- (-)
*(-/-)1

 = nom.
 = gen.

- (-)
*-
*(-)

- (-)

- (-)

- (-)

f.

- (-, -)
*(-)

- (-, -)
*(-)

- (-)
*(-)

- (-,-)
* (-)

- (-, -)
*(-)

sing.

adjective
m. -, - (-)
n. -, - (-)

nom./gen.
= nom.

f. -, - (-)

- (-)

acc.:
prep.:
dat.:
gen.:
instr.:

- (-)

- (-) - (-)

- (-)

- (-)


, . .
, .
. 70 .
. , .
, , .

() () () () () ()

.
. . 314 2.
1.
1

293

(pl.)
noun.

nom.

acc.

m. f.

- (-)

 = nom.
 = gen.

n.

- (-)

= nom.

adj.

- (-)

nom./gen.

prep.

dat.

gen.

instr.

-
(-)

-
(-)

-
-/
-, -

-
(-)

- (-)

- (-)

- (-)

- (-)


nom. /
acc.
gen.

prep. /
dat.

instr.

+ : .

:
(nom.) /?
(acc.) /?

A?
.
/ B A?
B A A. / A.

(prep.) /?
(gen.) H/H?
(dat.) H/H?
(instr.) /?

(H) F?

A?
A.
B A?
A.
B A?
A.
A?
A.
B B?
B A F.

?
H?
H?

294

?
B. / B.
B ?
A A.
B ? A?
. B A?

.. . : 5

/ A?

 A?

A? A?
F B. F B.
? ?
B. B.

() F?

( H) F?

H ?

H?

H?

H?

H? (A?)

H?

H?

B?
A, A. B?
B B?
, .
A A?
B.
B A?
A B. / A B.
B A A?
A.
B A A A?
9:00.
B A?
.
B A ?
B.
B A?
B A.

? |? |? |?

A A?
B.

|H? |H?
|H? |H?

B A A?
A.

H?

1.

A?
A.

B A A?
B A A. / B.

295

imperf.: A
perf.:

(past)

(present)

(future)

A (-, -, -) A, A, A

A A (-, -, -)

B, B... + A
A, A, A

( , )
, , , , , , + , , (, , )
I: B|
A|
A|
A| A|
A|
A|
past: A|| (-, -, -)

II: |A||
|A
|B
|B |B
|B
|B
A|| (-, -, -)

 |A|| (, , , )
|B
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|| (-, -, -)

  , /  , /  , //  ; /// +
 I: |A||:
A|
|B
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|| (-, -, -)

 II: A|||
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|| (-, -, -)

 |A||
A|
|A
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|| (-, -, -)

I + II: |A||
|B
|A
|A
A|
|A
A|
B|| (-, -, -)

I:
|A
A|
A|
A|
A|
A|
, || (-A, -A, -A)

:
I: |:
|A
|
|
|
|A
|
|| (-A, -, -)
I: ||
(future):

A|
A|
A|

present: ( )

A|
A|
A|

past: || (-A, -, -)

:
Inf. (, A)
A (|A, |A)
A (|A, A|)
A (A|, A|)
(A|, A|)
A (A|, A|)

B!
B!
B!
!
A!

()
B!
B!
A!
A!
A!

A() A!
A() A!
A() A!
A() !
A() A!

!
!

F!
A!

A() !
A() !

296

.. . : 5

0.7

1. (.12).
1: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,
2: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

0.19

8. (c. 16).
, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ,

0.20

9. (c. 17)
? , , , , , , ,
, , , , , , , , ,
? , , , , , ,

1
20. (. 3435).

1.6

1.
B , C. C, C. C. C  C.
B C. C . C C, C. B C: . C
C.

1.7

2. B
B C, . B C. C, C. C C, C
C. C C, C.

2
26. (. 39)

2.2

B
B C. C. B C, C. C. B
C, C. B B, C C. , B C.
B C, C C. C , C.
C C, C C, B C, C C,
C.

1.

297

2.3

28. (. 40).
C, C, C, C, , C, C, C,
C , C , C , C , C , C , C ,
C...

2.13

020:
10, 11, 0, 2, 12, 19, 20, 13, 4, 14, 5, 6, 16, 18, 8, 7, 9, 19, 12, 2, 20.

2.14

39. (. 47).

1100:
3, 13, 30, 33, 10, 11, 100, 90, 99, 19, 12, 20, 22, 13, 14, 40, 12, 19, 30, 90, 50, 15, 16, 60, 55,
40...

3
44. (. 50)
3.3

B B
C C C. C. C C. C C. ,
, C C. C C C. C C:
C C. , C, C C.
C C. C C. C C. , C, C
C. . C C, C. C .
C, ...

3.4

47 ). 1 (. 52).
?
B .
C C?
, . C C.
C?
C, C C.
C?
, C: .
C ?
.

3.6

50 ). (. 55).
1. C. C C, C C. 2. C. C C.
3. C. C C? 4. C. C C. 5. C.
C C? C C C. 6. . C? C C. 7. C.
C C? 8. C. C C. 9. C. C
C. 10. C. C C C. 11. C. C -C?

298

.. . : 5

53. (. 56)
3.8

B
B C. C C.
C C. C C C C. C C C.
C C, C C C.
C C. C C, C C.

3.17

64. (. 62)
B
B C. C, C C-C (CD).
C , C . C C. C C . C
C C C C.
C C. C, C C?

4
74. (. 68)
4.5

B B
C. , C, . C C C.
C C C. C C. C. C C C
C. C C .
C C C C. C C C.
B. C . C . C: C B.
C C.
79. (. 72)

4.8

B B
C C B. C C. C C C, C
C. C. C C -C C
-C. , C, C C C C C.
C C, C C. C C, C
C . C C , C C . C -
, C C C: C C C C,
C .
C . C-C. C C, ,
C C C. C C, C C C. C
C C. C C  , C C
C. C C C, C C -C.

1.

299

5.5

90. (. 78).
1. C C .
2. -C C C .
3. C C C, C .
4. C C .
5. C C C, C .
6. C C .

5.6

93. (. 80).
1. C C ?
, C . C C.
2. C C  C?
, C , C C  C.
3. C , C?
, , .
4. C  C?
, ,  C.

5.9

5. C  C?
, . .
97. (. 8283).
) ()?
1.  C?
, C C , C C C  -C.
2. ?
, C , C C C .
3. C ?
, C , C C .
*) () ?
1. ?
, .
 , C , C C .
2. C ?
, C , C C  C C .
 , , C  C
.

300

.. . : 5

6.2

104. (. 91).
1. C C, C C. 2. C C C C. 3.
C, C. 4. C C , C C C.
5. B C. C. 6. C C C C, C.

6.4

112. (. 94).
1. C C. 2. C C. 3. C C. 4. C
C C. 5. C C C C. 6. C C.
7. C C, C C. 8. C C C. 9. C C.
10. C C C. 11. C C. 12. C C
C. 13. C C. 14. C C. 15. C C C
C. 16. C C.

6.5

114. (. 95).
1. C C. , C? 2. C C C. 3. C
C C. 4. C C. 5. C, C C C C.
6. C, C C. 7. C, C C,
C C C. C C? 8. C C C? 9. C
C C C.
121. (. 9899)
6.9

B
C 19:00, ( C ) C, C C C C C. C C. C
C C. C, C C C C. C C
C C. C C C, C C.
C 19:20.   C C C . C C C C.
C . C C, C, C.  C
C C C C. C? C 19:40! C
C? -... C C C C C, C C.
C C C.

7.2

123, 1 ). (. 100)
:
1. C
C C?
C C?
C C!
C?! B!
2. C, C C?
. (-!)

1.

301

! C C 12:30.
! B 13:30! B C! C C, C?
3. ---!
-- C ? C C C C C C?
4. C! C C?
C.
C?
C .
B C, C C C.
, C.
C C.
C?! ?! ?
C C, C C 15:30. C
C?
5. C, C C? ?
, C. C C?
C.
--. 22:00. C .
! C C!

7.3

127 ). (. 102).
C

C
C C
C

C C

C
C

132. (. 104)
7.4

B
C, C C C ? C C? -, C, C. C
C? 9:30? ! C 9:30, C. C C C
C! C C: C, C C
! C C ? C C C? C! C! C C
C.  ! C.
C C, C C C C, C C
C C. C C, C , C , C C,
C .  C C C , C C C
. , C: C C, C C C C C C.
C.
C C C C. C C, , C C, C
C C: C C.
C C. ! C, C C C. B
C! C C , C, C C C,
C. , C! C C C. C C C C,
C C C!

302

.. . : 5

139. (. 108109)
7.5

B
B C , C . C C. C, C, C
C, C C, C C, B C, C C
C. C C C C C C C.
C, C C, C C, C . C,
, C C. C. C C,
C C, C C. C C C C. C,
C. C C C, C C C.
C, , C C , C , C C.
C C C C C, 11:00, C C C
C C C, 22:30. B C: C C, C
C. C C C C, C. C C
C C C C, 19:00 C 19:30. C C (C 20:30),
C : , C.
C. C C C: C ... C,
C? , C C. C , C C .
C, C C. C C C, C C C.
C C! C, C C. C,
C C!

8
154. (. 120)
8.2

B B
C C C C C. C. C C. C
C. C C C. C C C C C C.
C. C C C C. , , C C
C C C C C C. C C C C
C, C C C.
B C. C C. C B C. C C
C C C. C C C C, C C C
C. , C, C C.
C, C. C C. C C.
C C, C C C C. C C C C
C C C. C, C.
C, C C C C, C C. C C
C, C C C C. C C C C C
C, C C C C. C C, C
. ! C C. C C C C. B .
C C C , C C  C. C  .
C C .
--... ! C, C. C, C C!
C C, C C!  !
C! C ?

1.

303

9.2

170. (. 130).

: .
C C , C C C C . C C
C: C C, C C? C C,
C C, C C C, C C. C C,
, C C C, C C. C C, , C C
C, C C.
179. ? (. 136).

9.4

B B?
C, C, C C?
C, C. C, C 8, B. C C. C,
C 6, C B C. C C.
C, C C?
C. C, C 3, C. . C C
. . C C .

9.5

183. (. 138).
1. C C C. 2. C C. 3. C C C.
4. C C C. 5. C C C. 6. C
C? 7. C C C. 8. B C C. 9. C C
C. 10. C C. 11. C C. 12. C C C. 13. C
C C C. 14. C C C. 15. C C
C. 16. C C C. 17. C. 18. C
C C, C C C. 19. C C.

10
199. (. 146147)
10.3

?
C C, , C, C C C
C C. C C C, C , C C. C ,
C C C, C C C, C . . ( C).
C, C C C C C, C C,
C, C, C C. C C C C. C C
C C.
C C C C, C C.
C, C C C C C. C, C C
C C . B C C, C C, C C.
C C C C, C, C C.
C C C . C C C C , C ,
C C.

304

.. . : 5

C C? C, C! C C, C,
C. C C: C, BMW [], C, C,
C, C...
C , C C C C C , C | C
C. C C C, C C.

11

11.2

229. (. 163)
C C
 C
C
C C
C C
C
 C
C C
 C
C
C C

C
C C
C C
C C
C C

6:00 C C C.
23:00 C C C.
C C C.
C C C C.
231. (. 164)

11.3

B B
C . C, C C C? . B
C. C C C C. C C C. C C,
C C | C. C, C C C C C
C| C C C C. C C C C C
 C, C C C  C C C.
C C, C, C C, C C C, C C
C. C  C. C, C, C...
C C | C . C | C . C C .
C, C, C, C C  C. C, C
 C C. C C, C C C| . . ( C).
C, C C C. C C C C
C C, C C| C.
C C C C. C C C C C.
 C C C C. C| C C C. C
C C C C. C C C| C C
C, C  C, C C C C . . .
C C C. C. C C C C -C.
, C C C  C, C C. C C
C C. C C | . C, C C, C C
C| C. C C  C. C C C, C
C C. C C, C C C|. , C C
C.
C C C, C C. C C C, 
C  C. C C. C, C C
C C!
C C. C C, C C C. C
C (C, C C) C. C,  C. C C C
C| C, C C. C C? C C C. C.
1.

305

12
254. (. 176)
12.2

B
C C. C C C, C, . C
, C, C, . C C C C C C, C.
B C C C, , C C, C C. , ,
C , C C C, . C C C.
C C, . C C C! C, C C 
C, C! C C C C, C?!
C C . C C C C C,
C. C C C C C, C C.
C C C C, C. , C |, ! C C,
C C C, !
 C C C C, C C, C! C,
C C C C?! , C |, C C. C
C, C C! C C, ...
264. (. 182)

12.3

, B
C C C , C . , C C.
C C.
C C, C C C, C C ? C?
C , C C C! C, C C C C
C? C C C!
, C C C , C C C C? C
C C. C C C C!
C, C C C C? C C
C, C C C C C .
C C, C C C C? C C!
C C, C C C C? C C, C C
C C? C C, C C C? C
C C!
C , C C!!! C C, C C C, C
C? C C . C?..

13
274. (. 187).
13.3

B B?
C C . C , C C C . C
C| C C. C C, C. C, C
C . C C C , C , C C . C C
C C C C, C C.
C C C , C , C . C C C C

306

.. . : 5

C C. C C C C C, C
 C . C C C C.
C C C. C C C.
C . C C . C, C C .
C C. ( ) C C C C, C
C.

14
291. (. 200)
14.2

B
1

14.3

C-C. C C C. C C
C. C C C C . C C C C: ,
C C C. C C C. C C, C
C C C. C C C, C C-C
C C. C C, C C, C C, C C. C
C. C...
C C C. C C C C C. B
C, C C C. C C C C C C
. C C: C C? C C? C:
C. C. C C! C, C C C
C. B C C!
2
C C C . C C C . C C C
C.  C C C C. C C C, C,
C. C C. C...
C C C C. C C C, C
C C C C C C C. C C C
C C. C C C, C, C... C,
C C, C C, C. C C C C. C
C, C C C C. C C, C C, C
C C C . C C: C, C C, C
C. B C! C C C C!

15

15.3

302. (. 208)
B B
C!
C , C C. B C. C C?
C, C. C C. ? C C?
C C, C C.
C. C C B, C. C
?

1.

307

C , C C C, C. C
C C.
B C. C C C C?
C. C C C C?
6 C 7.
C. C.
C!
313. (. 213)
15.4

B ?
C C C, C C-C, C C
C C C. B C, C C, C,
C B.
C C, C. C ( ) C C C
B, C, C C C C. B C, C
C C. B C . C C C. C C
C C. C C, C C, C,
C C.
C C. C C C ( C) C
C C. C C C C, C. C
, C, C C, B,  C, C. C
C C B C C, C. C C
C C, C (, C, C , B).
, C, C. C, C C, C C
B. , C C. C C C C,
C. B C C C C C, C, C
C C C.
C C C . C C C , C C
C C, C, C, C, C
C. C C, , C C, C, C C C. C C, C, C ... C C
C, C, C C C C C...
C C C. C C.
322. (. 218)

15.7

B
1. C, C C C. C B C B. C C,
C C C. C C C C, C C C,
C : C C. C C , C C.
2. C B. C C C. C . C C
C . C C, . C C. C C C C
C, C C , C C C C C.
3. C C, C . C C. C C C
C C C, C C, C C C|. C C
C C C.
4. C, C C|. C C C. C .
C C C C C C. C . C
C. C, , C.

308

.. . : 5

5. C C, C C, C . C C C .
C C  C, C C. C C C C, C C C.
C, C C C C C?
6. C C C -C. C C . C,
C C, C C . C C. C C
C C C, C C C C.
7. C C C C, C . C C, C
C, . C , C C . C C, C
C C, C C, C C C C...
8. C C. C C. C C C.
C C C, C C. C C , C,
C C C C C.
9. C C. C C C. C . C, C
C C C, C.

16
336. (. 229)
16.4

B B, B
C C C. C, C C, C C.
C C C, C. C C C C,
C C C. C, C  C C,
C C.
C, C C C C.  , C, C
C, C C C, C C. C C.
C C C C C! C C C C
C C C C C C C. C C C,
C, C, C, C | C ,
C C. C C C! C C, C C
C, C C C C, C C C C C, C... C,
C, C C...
C C C, C, C C, C C C |.
B  ! C, C C C C. C, C
C C?! C C C C. C C
C. C, , C C C, C C. C
C, C C C C, C C C.
C C: C, ! C C, C. C ,
C C C?

17
372. (. 245)
17.6

B
C C. C C C , C C. .
C C C C, C C. C. C C

1.

309

C C. C C | C. B C C
C C, C C, C C C.
C C C. C C C, C, C,
C C C. C C C C C C C. C
C C! C C C C .
C C C, C C. C C, C
C C C C, C C C. C
C! C C C C C, C C C C C.
C C , , C, C C C . C
C . C. C C C C
, C, C C!

18
383. (. 249).
18.2

C?
, C.
, C, C, C.
, C. C  .
C? C C C C C! C C C?
, C C... C C C C?
.
C? C?
C C , C C.

18.7

404. (. 257).
1. C C C C. C C C, C C
C. 2. B C C C, C, C C, C C
. C C. 3. C! C C. C C, C C
C C C. 4. C C C , C C.
5. C C C C , C C , C C C .
6. C , C C C C C,
C.

19

19.4

421. (. 267)
B B B B
C C C C C ( C). C C
C 35 C C. C C 58 C 
C ( -C). C, -C C C C C
C.
C C C 48 C C C ( C) C
( -C).

310

.. . : 5

19.6

425. (. 270).
C C C! C ?
C. C C. C C.
, C C. C C C. C C
C...
! C C C.

20
435. (. 277).
20.2

?
B, C C, C . C C , C
C C C. C C. C C C. C
C, C, C C, C C, C C.
C C C, C C. C C
C C C. C C C C, C C C C
C. C C, . C C C C, C,
C, C C, C C. C C C
C . C C C C .
C C. C C C, C C. C
C C C C, C -C: C C C.
C C C C C C C C C.
B C C. C C. C C C C, C.
C C C C C: C C, C, C C.
C C C, C C C: C C.
C C C C C C, C C. B C
C C, C C C C C, C C C
C, C.
C C C C , C C C C.
C  C, , C C C. C C C
C , C C . C C C C C, C
C C C. C C .
442. (. 281).

20.3

B
C C C, C C C. C, C C.
, C C C C.
C C C C C. C C C, C
C C. B C, C C . C C C C
C, C C C. C C C C! C, C C
C C, C C C. C .
C C C. C, C C C, C
C C C C . C C C C. C C
, C C. C, C C , C C C
C C, C C. B C C C, C C
C , C. C C! C C C

1.

311

, C C . C! C C C C C!
C C C ?
C, C C C C , C C
C. C C! C C C C? B ! C
C, C, C C C, C C . C C! C,
C C , C C. C C C C C
C. C, C C C C C. C C
C , C C C. C, C C, C,
C, C C C. , C, C C C. C
C, ! C C C! C C C?

312

.. . : 5

1
14. ? (. 29).

3
52.
. 1 8, . 2 1, . 3 6.
63. ! (. 62).
020

1535

4070

80120

11 19

15

25

35 28

40

54

55 59

80

82

12

20

20

30

29 18

50

47

66 49

90

84 103 95

13

16

23

21

22 29

60

46

69 63

100 99 110 109

18

10

31

16

32 27

70

51

44 48

120 112 119 102

1.

98 92

313

4
80. (. 73)
) .
1. ? 2. ? 3. ? 4. ? 5. ? 6.
? 7. ? 8. ? 9. ? 10. ? 11. ? 12. ?
) .

5
90. (. 78). . . 300.
6
104. ( . 91). . . 301.

7
123, 1 ). (. 100). . . 301302.
/ .
22:00 ( , 5)
10:00 ( , 1)
7:00 ( , 3)
12:30 ( , 2)
16:00 ( , 4).

314

.. . : 5

148. (. 115).

:
1. , , . 2. , .
3. . 4. ! ?
5. . 7. ,
. 9. 19:30. 14. . .
:
5. , . 6. , . 8.
. 10. ! -! 11. ? 12. 23:00,
. 13. , .15. ?
? 16. . , !

9
170. (. 130). : . . . 304.
183. (. 138). . . 304.

1.

315

10
201. (. 148).

204. . ? (. 150).
F F
F F,
F F,
F F,
F F,
F F.

316

F F
F (,
F (,
F (,
F (,
F (.

.. . : 5

212. (. 153).

220. (. 156)

11
234. (. 167).

1.

317

14
292 ). (. 202)
1. F, F F F.
2. F? H F! F F.
3. F F?
, F F F.
4. F F? H F! F F.
5. F F F, F F F.
15
321.
) F F. -F F. F . F F. F .
F . F F (), F. , , F. F
F, F, F. F F, F. F F. F. F
, F, F.
) 1. F F F. 2. F F F F. 3. F F
F, F . 4. F, F F. 5. F F
F F F F. 6. F F F , F F. 7. F F
F. 8. F F F . 9. F F F
, F , F, F. 10. F F F, F F.
F , F . 11. F F F F: F F
F. F F F F. F F F?
16
345. (. 233)

20
433. (. 276)

318

.. . : 5

...............................................................................................................

........................................................................................
......................................................................................
()
/, // ..............................................................
/ / .........................................................................
/(, ) / ..............................................................
...............................................................................
.....................................................................................
. ( -) ( -) ...............................
( -) .............................................
-, -, - ( -) ............................................................
( -) ....................................................................
/ ...........................................................
. ( )
., . . .....................................
..............................................................................
/ .............................................................
/ ..............................................
() ...............................................................................
...................................................................

.
38
38
143
27, 33
12, 28
49, 118
53
77
99, 135
204
206
215
138, 209
55, 71, 101
112, 188, 273
225
263
121
265


: /? .............................................................................
: /? .............................................................................
: ....................................................................................
: ? ..........................................................
: /? ...........................................................................

: ? ...................................................................................
( ) .................................
: , , , ....................................................
: , , ( ) ...............................................
: , , , .......................................

31
57, 111, 188
41
47
211
63
191
130, 202
169, 175, 271
202

.........................................................................................
...............................

45, 100, 139


253

: ; ; ...........
: ; , ; ... , ................
..........................................................................................................................
: , ; ... ; , ..............................................
: , , ................................................
, (-) .........................................

1.

47, 57, 94
75, 100, 131, 153
79
67, 98
231, 238
167

319


(+ , . . . ):
..................................
/ ......................................................................
() ................................................
() .................................................................
( . . ) ....................................................................
............................................................................................

161
162
173
177
193
217

( )
- :
; .......................................................................
.........................................................
,
- () - (, ) ............................
/, /, /, /; / ..........................................................
: , ................................
( ) .........................................................................
, + ............................................................................
; ...............................................................................
( ?) ( ?) .....................................................

/ /(, ) ..............................................................
/, / ......................................
............................................................................
....................................................................................................................
.....................................................................................................................
, , .........................................................................................
......................................................................................................................
........................................................................................................................
: , , ......
--: ....
, :
(?): ..............................................................
( /?): ..............................................
:
( ) ........................................................................
: .............................................................

- .................................

53, 90
77, 118
125
186, 224
226, 231
194, 232, 282
102
179
267
49, 118
99, 124
78, 139
155, 267
209
246
252
273
273
261
136, 204, 225
209
111, 189, 274
113, 129, 225
233, 239

( )
: , , ..............................................................................
, , ( ) ..............................................
..........................................
(; , , .) ..............................
............................................................................................

320

31, 133
69, 28, 170
104
198
155

.. . : 5