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Analysis:

In part 1 of the experiment, we are about to determine the amount of force, power, and
the work done by the fan cart. In reference to trial 1, which serves as our best trial, with a given
displacement (S) which is 0.2m (20 cm) and the amount of force of the fan cart which is 0.294 N
we obtained a time (t) which is 0.2888 sec. After, we computed the value of the work done by the
fan cart which is through multiplying the amount of force of the fan cart and the given
displacement which corresponds to the theory that Work=F S=F S cos . Since the force
applied F acts along the same direction with the displacement, theres an amount of work and
definitely positive in value which in our first trial its value is 0.0588 J. Next, we compute for the
power which is through dividing the computed work and the time obtained which according to

the theory

P=

W
t . Since the rate of work is constant we can compute for its power which in

our first trial is 0.2036 Watts. This part of the experiment somehow had minor errors, particularly
in our 3rd trial. We repeat it because the time obtained is shorter than the 2 nd trial. A possible
source of error may be the inclination of the table, it is not that perfectly flat. To minimize such
error, experimenters must ensure that the surface is flat to avoid additional acceleration factors
on the fan car by using devices.
In part 2 of the experiment, which is the last part, we are tasked to find the value of the
work by a force on a curved path. In trial 1, by the given value of force, we gathered a height h f
0.110m, an angle of

15

through the given formula

and a displacement 0.095m. We computed for the value of work


W =wL(1cos )

where w is the weight of the mass and L is the

length of the string. Plugging in all the values, we obtained 0.037 J. Next, we computed the
Gravitational Potential Energy (PE) of the mass which is given by the formula

PE=mgh

where m is the mass, g is the acceleration which due to gravity and h is the height of the mass or
object. Plugging in the values, we obtain 0.0294 J. The object had its gravitational potential
energy because it has a height difference from the reference line which agrees with the theory of
gravitational potential energy. This part of the experiment had encounter many errors especially
the 4th trial, this is due to the questionable calibration of the spring balance. We always obtained
an unreasonable value of height thats why we keep on repeating the trial. To minimize such
error, the experimenter pulling the spring balance must ensure that the force exerted is horizontal
to ensure low percentage error.
Conclusion:
Work is defined mathematically by the dot product of the vector Force F and
displacement. Also, Power is defined as the ratio of work and time. In part 1 of the experiment,
the data obtained can show that Work is somehow related to Power. The data obtained shows that
theyre somehow proportional but the amount of increase is not that dramatic like the Work in
every trial. Since power is the ratio of work per time, and as displacement increases thus the time
also increases, which results to the value of power to be somehow constant. To improve the
experiment, the track must be laid properly to a flat surface and the fan cart must properly release
to the starting point to avoid additional time recorded.
Energy is defined as the ability to the work. It has many forms and one would be
Mechanical Energy which is subdivided into two, the gravitational potential energy and kinetic
energy. Kinetic Energy is simply the energy due in motion whilst Gravitational Potential Energy

is the energy at rest at a given height. In part 2 of the experiment, the data shows that Work is
increasing in accordance to the increase of Energy, which concludes that Work done is directly
proportional to the Energy. This agrees to the Work-Energy Principle which states that the work
done is equal to the change in Kinetic Energy. To improve the experiment, the spring balance
must be eye level to the experimenter while pulling the device horizontally to have accurate data.