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THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY OF ENGINEERS SEPTEMBER 2006 NSE PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW ' MECHANICAL,AGRICULTURAL AND ALLIED ENGINEERING. ESSAY TOPICS ANSWER ONE QUESTION 1. Discuss the importance of engineering standards for sustainable industrial development 2. Justify the premotion of indigenous technology for fapid agricultural development in Nigeria 3. The Nigerian engineer is primarily responsible for the poor engineering infrastructure in the country. Do you agree? 4. Describe ways in which information technology has enhanced the engineering profession in Nigeria THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY OF EXGINEERS APRIL 2007 PROF AGRIC 1 Discuss wavs af increasing local coment 19 the wil asia gine ibdhesty 2 Discuss some of the hansticaps a inthe abustancneel gl etiat ‘of equipment far mechanical serviee Justry 3. This isthe time for Nigeria to consicler and develop renewable emeray sources i order to al gaeray problemi in the country Do you agree Discuss some of the benetitg ol/the computer i your job as a case sludy 9 lectroplutiny wi electric current is passed through a solution between metale or other conducting materials which uct as positive and negative terminals of w direct current de) circu, The solution is called A Cathode BA wale C Electrolyte D Aqueous solution 10 A simply supported im of span # carries a uniformly distributed load of win, Deterry the mavimum bending moment produced by this load. A wh a ce wt D wl a i. e 4 11. ‘The teronym IRR as used in economie evaluation of engineering projects means ‘A internal Revenue Rein B Internal Rate of Retum C Internal Return of Rate D Internal Revenue of Retum 12, The wire.A is one-quarter the diameter and half the length of wire B of similar material. The ratio resistance of A 10 thal of B is A 4 Bo 16:2 G1 teal spn ng 13. The present worth 4 for a uniform payments of goods per year m at interest is 4 Ame B.d= (+r). Casey D. ASur Pt nie 14 Atape of length Iand weight wikg/m is suspended at its ends with a pull of phy. the saz correction is a 2p B ¢ Db arallélogram Jaw of forces states, “if two forces acting simultancously on a particle he tepresemed in magnitude and direction by io adjacent sides of a parallelogram, the resultant may be én magn “ B c ulfclogram whieh docs not pass throw; section of the frees, Db arallclagrani which passes through the point of intersection of the ‘7 " A well penetrate to 20m below the static water table, Afler 24 hours of pumping ut 3140 litves/minutes, the water level in a test well ai « distance of $0nr is lowered by 0.5in wid well 20m away water is lowered by: 1,0m, The (ronsnvissibility of the aquifer is, A 1.188miminuies B 1.288niminutes © 1,38Smi minutes D 1A8Sav minutes ‘The most effective arrangement for divesting oxe ess slomm water into. a natural drainage. is A Leaping weir B Overflow weir € — Siphonspitivay BD Noneof A vehicle is moving. up 98 an inelined pl direction will the force of friction on the pear \\ tk > ‘Along the plane but backward B Backward at an angle ¢ with the plane, C Along the plane but onward, D Forward atan angle @ swith the plane. where a is the fei Which one ofthe following statement is correct? Maximum service volume of a rnud dofined as the total number of vehiele that: A Can pass a ylven point in a specith B Cambe accommodated on a amit fon Can pass @ uiven point in wit time D None of the above The operation that takes place at senders and veoferred to as? A. Tratiaiisston and recep Modulation and demodulation C_Demodulation and iniodutation 1 Signal processing und feception PART BL GENERAL ESSAY TIME ALLOWED, ONE HOUR crign Engineers must carve out their own pls shove The vehicle has rearewhcel drive. In which Isbe ; shore Mt is the friction angle. , on angle. Dering oF tiie, 0nd eecivers end ef a communication channel is ein the sun, Discuss in relation te the involvement of non-engineers in engineering practice and management in Nigeria 2 10, tn he sDigycine doce of Ceguteees ‘A rotamer, theoueh which alr at rom semysrature aot atinonpberic pressure ke owing, tives a certain reading fora low rate of 100 cols. A liam (Motwalar wright 4)is wed and the rotametes shows the same reacting, the Mlow rate is A. 26ee/s B. 42ccls C. 1 cols 1D. 325 cols ‘A suspension of uniform partiches in waizr ata concentration #500 kof vols per cubic mee of shury is settling in a tank. Density of th: particles is 2500 kg/m’ and terminal velocity of a single particle is 20 cnvs, What will be the settling vetocity of suspension? Richardson-Zaki index is 4.6, A. Werwvs 1B. 14.3cm's © 716em's D358 ems Airentersanadisbute compressor at 300K. Tie exit temperature fora coinpresion ration ‘of 3, assuming air 10 be an ideal gas (= CPACV=7/5) and the process to be reversible, is. A. 3000") 'B. 300(3"°) C. 3003") D. 300037) Dilute sulfuric acid is handled in vessels maade of, (GATE-1989-9.i.a) Acslainless steel. B brass tend, D. cast iron, ‘Which ofthese terms apply to idcaifying quality standards and how to satisty them? A. quality projections B.qualty saamagement C. quality planning D. quality overview, ‘Which of te following denitions apply to the e051 of quality? a. leftover product BH, total cost of all project efforts © customer satisfaction D. redoing ertive project Af the replacement of apiece of equiparent is being conshiored, then Laeeost of exeuding its serves for another one year & ffeciat by all of the undes listed Hector exeegt ‘AL salvage value at the end of five more years B, initial iayesunent, ©. aninic! operating expenses D. —mininwm ettmctive rate a Lim ave e+ Be ed AO BM. en “The stuns! gross revere from the sales of 9 particular product és N7O0,000.00. The ‘variable manufacturing casts are 60% af the annual ross revenue and de fixed cost per year is N160,000-00, The annual profit is ‘A. N420,000:00, B.N120,000.00 C.N280,000.00 DB, N300,000.00 All engineering projects must be preceded by A.coviroumental impact assessment Benen input assessment. C. energy usage assessment, D, envirosnsewa, energy assessment consideration, Technology can be defined as A.scionce, engincering and developnssat application of ane"s knowledge for development © science of production information techniques and tools with wiicls pe ple utilize theis envi to satisfy their needs I PY OF ENGINEERS CORPORATE MEMBERSINIP ELECTION EXAMINATION ANSWER ONLY ONE QUESTION Qla, The key areas of design of the electrical system for a industry inelude: Power disteibution/ Power utilization (electri Lighting Grounding (including lightning protection) ery motor contraly Briefly, explain the major considerations itr the design « ich a the above: b Show with the aid of a diagram a typical facility ek ower supply and disiribition oy medium-size manufacturing industry State the finetion of euch item af the equipment a she facility Q2a One important aspect of clectrical system design is cable selection and sizing List the i ‘Major considerations involved jn cable selection i Steps involved in cable si ei ay ith po loads of a manufacturing industry comprise ‘A balanced star-connected load with an impedance of 300 + [900 Q per phase A delta-connecied load with an impedance of 1200 + j900 9 per phase, and i. z i A balanced three-phase load rated 190 O8 KVA at at (4 power ft headin The loads are fed from a 4 + j32 0 per phase fine and the magnitude of the fnew: voltage at the load end of the line is 4 8KV Calculate the total power factor of the pla the power factor to 0.85. and the Kvar of the capacitor required t0 cortex Q3a. The planning and implementation of the telecommunications facility an and data services) ofa business organization involves the following: vices {ic Determination of user requirements Design of the project i. Preparation of technical specifications and tender documents iy, Analysis of tenders and selection of three tenders that best mect bhsiness needs Q4a Q5a Briefly, explain each af the above-list steps. OFi-Oke, a semi-urban community of $0,000 (fifty thousand) inhabitants is 10 be eonneeted 1 the national telecommunication network, If the comniunity sited atop a plateau of altitu 300 metre is located at a distance of 65 km from the nearest town al the foot of the hill Propose @ ‘network solution’ far the i telec abitants of the community to enjoy comprehensive nmuttication facilities/services. Specify all necessary equipment State the frequency range occupied by i. Broadeast television ii Pay per view television List three key equipment essential for each mode of television Explain the process of ensuring reduced whistling and interference during an audience participation studio programme on radio of television, Draw the block diagram uf a system that can be used to achieve it Discuss briefly the characteristics of any two core media used as Communication backbone tor computer networks, Proposed the design of a communication service 10 the head oftice complex of # busin» conglomerate. The services required shall include but not limited 10 i. Pull phone inter-com connections ii, Intea-office electronic mail service iil, Full internet access to all the offic iv. Full fledged company network link and key operational areas ii, Network resources sharing: printes iii, Ondine access to membership data, the head office with her regional offices scanners, sollwate ete rwual library. Draw up the list oF equipment and accessorves and justify your choice Attempt one Question only. ‘Time Allowed: 1 Hour, 1 necring education How has your en pacted on your professional practice ? From your personal experience what kind of curri i for your undergraduate engineering programme jew would you s ugest he environmental issues associated with fossil fucls are ereatinig opportunities for bio-fwels. What bio-fucls ? programmes be implemented in Ni How ean bie-fue! ful implementation of the Nigerian local the Oil and Gas industry eho agecnan Govern al Cumiaerre Calculate the reaction forces und highest be steacture shown in Figire QI. The inclined loads moment for the x ¢ on slopes IA (wertieal fo horizontal) oH a Ta FigareQh A ¥)@ Vy" 4 kNeach & Mmux= GNM BL V, & V, = 2kNeach& Max = 5kNM CV, & Vp = SEN cach & Mm = 7RN BD. V, & V; = TEN cach.& Max = 14 KNM Suppose we wait a cousnittee equal 120 af ane female engiusee. two wile eagiineers fon group of Four Female engineers ax aix male engineers, How many diferent ‘aranyemers are possible? aa Bw eo a) Waa eapinser was asd oy hig client tt in a swamp vet what will agyie tot Ha transferved from superstructure tothe heunan the urns floor, what will by hts ansoce? ‘A. The foad will be carried by earth stratum. 1B, The foad will be carried by bearing pressure. €. Tho load will be carried by the overburden weight & friction force, 1B. The load will be carried by the reinforced designed sfab on the ground oor “The bearing pile orf ‘A, horinantal & slanting loads BL venical lozds ©. lateral load & slanting loads DL all ofthe above A rire, ©, is hall the dianseier and hy lar mnatenal. The resistance of Cto that of A is A BL Bo 4 the bengih of wire A of 2 Be bd, Hf 0-(0,<) stam. for the radiation intensity, in a given ditection_ of am antenna, then, ha jee AD power gaia. B,dinectiviey. ©. directive gain. D, average power yet wast solid angle “When a generator is connected to ai infinite bus-bar, fs leplamate 0 assune thatthe ‘Ac Hood angle can be made to assucne any value by the operate B. load delivered by the machine depends on the connected load. power defivered depends om the cosine of te lead angle 1D. Toad angle is independent of she power inpot from the turbine suf 10 3, “4 Professional Exanicarions: Sepiember. 2008 3 ‘The cost of accidenis in the work place ean be parameters exceyt the A. profit level 1B, product quantity. labour tm-out D. operating level rman Bay sexes ths Oe mess of increasing the quantity of water supplied is A, branching connection. 1B. parallel connection C series connection D. alla iheabove “The essentials of planed maintenance system are prepare and execute the followin except ‘A. inspection and exanuination periodicities, 1B. rainor repairs shown necessary by examina C.—rmanufacture or purchase of new spares BD, new layout of plant ‘The movemmeit, in space, ofa particle is best defined by f(x) = 40° = 3t'+ 2t! + 10. This ‘hen supgests that its velocity and acceleration at (= 1 second are respectively. AL 30m: 70 mis? B, 20s; 30 mis? ©. 30mg, 30 mist D Iryouare to purchase several software systems From f software wendor, the alernitive that you develop the programs yourself: Which ofthe following isthe Teast ky 0 be an advantage of outside parehoce? ‘A, compatibility with standard operating systems B. good description of user comsnands C. ease with which the program can be altered 1D, price compared withthe east of intemal development “Which of the foliowing groups of produets is formed sshien methane ant chlorine are smixed in the dark? A. Carbon ponder and hydrogen chloe B, No productsare formed C.Cloromethane and hydrogen chloride D. Tetrachloromethane and hydrogen chloride, Sin messages with the probabilities 1/4, Mé4y 1/8, 1/8 and 1 of wccurren acconmadated by a single communication channel, the entropy. i bits per message, of the system ts A 025 os2 © 280 D820, Engine pistons and eylinder heads subjected to high temperature are oroduced from aluminium alloys because A. they have high wear resistance B. of the good machinery propertics of alunuauns alloys, ©, of the lighmess of alumioum alloys. D. none of the above: A 16 u 18. 19, he Ngereaw oe emminerre Molality isthe number of moles of solution in a kilogram of saivent. The molarity of a ‘solution «defined as the ruber of moles of solute ana hike of solution. The advantage ‘of molality over molarity (stat ‘A. molality can be used with all rypes of solution, but molarity can be used only with sleetolyes. B. the preparation of the molelity solution docs nat requite the use of a balance. the molality is a larger mumber than tbe molality D. the molality does not change whea the tenmperature of the solution shames. ‘A. 12-valts battery used for industrial equipment cnsizes thal the Row oF electron ie tke extemal cicwit is from anode to dhe eathoxle, This Foe implies that oxtlation ‘A. takes place at the cathode and resiuction takes: place at the anode takes place inthe battery and circuit witha reduction in battery fife ©. _but not reduetion occurs in the battery. 1D. takes place at the anoge and reduetion tees pine atthe cathode For in engineer to perform very effectively he is expected to ‘A. have some knowledge of the law of contact B. cacournge public understanding of engineering issues. CC. keepup todate by seeking relevant waiving ~ BD. alloftie above In contrast administration, mobilisation fee isthe samme as A, dows payment B, variation claim contract sur et {In the reflection of electromagnetic waves, ‘A. the Brewer angle is thet for which total reflection occurs. B.totaleflection can enly occur ifthe wave is incident fiom a fess dense medium. © only waves: with Hi puraliel 40 the reflecting, boundary can experience total transsissien, D. during total reflection, the field in the transmisstoa enedium fs totally zero THE NIGERIAN SOCIETY OF ENGINEERS SEPTEMBER ,.2006 NSE PROFESSIONAL INTERVIEW “' MECHANICAL,AGRICULTURAL AND ALLIED ENGINEERING. ESSAY TOPICS ANSWER ONE QUESTION 1. Discuss the importance of engineering standards for sustainable industrial development 2, Justify the promotion of indigenous technology for rapid agricultural development in Nigeria 3, The Nigerian engineer is primarily responsible for the poor engineering infrastructure in the country, Do you agree? 4. Describe ways in which information technology has enhanced the engineering profession in Nigeria ANSWER ONE 1. Discuss ways of increasing local content in the oil and gas industry jan engineer has in the design and selection 1 the buile Discuss some of the handicaps a Ni of equipment for mechanical serv dustry ia 10 consider and develop alleviate the perennial energy py Do you agree? in the country computer in The work ofan engiawer, usitiy Discuss some of your job as a case study } hi Ht NIGERIAN SOCIETY OF ENGIN Va Qa Q5a CORPORATE MEMBERSHIP SCTION EXAMINATION NSWER LY ONE QUESTION ‘The key areas of design of the electrical swvtem for a medium-size iniufaetiting oF pie industry include i Power distribution/delivery ji, Power utilization (electric motor control) iii Lighting iv Grounding (including lightning protectias) Briefly, explain the major considerations in the desige of exch of the above Show with the aid of a diagram a ‘ypical facility electric power supply and distcbution 1 medium-size manufacturing industry. State the function of each ikenn oF thre equipment! « facility One important aspect of electrical system design is cable selection and sizing. List the i Major considerations mvolved in calle selection ji, Steps involved in cable sizi iA balanced star-connected load with an impedance af 300 + 900.0 per phase ii A deita-connected load with an impedance of 1200 * j900 0 per phase. and iii A balanced three-phase load rated 190,08 KVA at at Ot power Hietor leading The loads are fed from a 4 + j32 2 per phase line and the magnitusle of the line-w-neme4 voltage at the load end of the line is 4.8KV Calculate the total power factor of the plant and the Kwvar of the eapavitor required te the power factor to 0.85, The planning and implementation of the telecommunications facility and services fie vi and data services) of a business organization invalves the following Determination of user requirements Design of the project iii, Preparation of technical specifications and tender documents iv. Analysis of tenders and selection of three tenders that best im business needs om, Sa. Brielly, explain eich of the above-list steps Ori-Oke, a semi-urban community of $0,000 (fifty thousand) inhabitants is to be connected so the national telecommunication network. If the community sited atop plateau of altitude 800 metre is located at a distance of 65 km from the nearest town at the foot of the bill Propase a ‘network solution’ for the inhabitants of the Communit to enjoy comprehensive telecommunication facilities/serviees. Specify all necessary equipment State the frequency range occupied by i, Broadeast television ii, Pay per view television List three key equipment essential for each mode of television Explain the process of ensuring reduced whistling and interferenee during an audicues Participation studio programme on radio or television, Draw the block diagram of a sysicm that can be used to achieve it Discuss briefly the characteristics of any two core media used as communication backbone for computer networks, ¢ comples of 4 busin Proposed the design ef a communication service ta the head off! Conglomerate. ‘The services required shall include but not limited te Full phone inter-com connections Intra-office electronic mail service Full internet access to ail the offices Full fledged company network linking the lead office with her reronal offices and key operational areas Netwark resources sharing; printers, scanners, software etc ‘On-line access to membership data, virual library Draw up the list of equipment and accessories and justify your choice