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Physics 73

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Exam Review

Question 1 (3 mins)
A 1.3 kg sample of copper (c = 0.389 kJ/kgK)
was heated to 100C and placed in a container
filled with 500 mL of water with temperature
20C. What is the final temperature of the
system?
A.
B.
C.
D.

100 C
20 C
35 C
60 C

Question 2 (3 mins)
1.00 kg of ice at 0.00C and 1.00 kg of steam
at 100C were put in a thermally insulated
vessel and was allowed to attain thermal
equilibrium. What is the final temperature of
the system?
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.00C
50.0C
100C
279C

Question 3 (1 min)
Which of the following is an assumption of the
kinetic molecular theory?
A. The size of gas particles is comparable to the
container dimensions.
B. Gas particles undergo inelastic collisions with
the container walls.
C. The gas particles obey Newtons laws of motion.
D. The gas molecules can lose energy due to
collisions and eventually come to rest.

Question 4 (2 mins.)
What is the fraction of He
atoms with speeds above
1368m/s if the
temperature is 300K? The
molar mass of Helium is
4.00 grams/mole.
A.
B.
C.
D.

0.608
0.218
0.077
0.392

v/vrms

0.20
0.40
0.60
0.80
1.00

fractio
n
0.011
0.077
0.218
0.411
0.608

v/vrms

1.20
1.40
1.60
1.80
2.00

fractio
n
0.771
0.882
0.947
0.979
0.993

Question 5 (2 mins.)
A cylinder fitted with a
piston contains 0.10 mol of
air at room temperature
(20C). The piston is pushed
slowly so that the air within
the cylinder remains
essentially in thermal
equilibrium with the
surroundings. What is the
work done by the air within
the cylinder if the final
volume is one-half the
initial volume?

A.
B.
C.
D.

-169 J
+169 J
-576 J
+576 J

Question 6 (1 min.)
An ideal gas changes its state
reversibly from A to C. Which
of the following is true about
the change of internal energy
of the gas?

A. Greatest for process A


C
B. Greatest for process A
BC
C. Greatest for process A
DC
D. Least for process A C
E. The same for all three
paths

Question 7 (4 mins.)
A cycle of an engine that
uses a diatomic gas as its
working substance is shown
by the figure. What is the
efficiency of this engine if
= = 600 , =
1800 , = 200 ?
A. 84.6 %
B. 23.1 %
C. 0 %
D. 15.4 %

Question 8 ( 3 mins.)
Consider the hypothetical
setup below. An engine with
an efficiency of 0.250 is
used by a refrigerator with a
COP of 3.50. If the engine
uses 100 kJ per cycle to
operate, how much heat
can the refrigerator remove
from its cold reservoir per
cycle?

A. 87.5 kJ

B. 350 kJ

A. 27.5 kJ

A. 75.0 kJ

Question 9 (1.5 mins.)


1.51 kg of steam condensed into liquid water
at 100 C. Compute its change in entropy.
A.
B.
C.
D.

-9.13 kJ/K
+9.13 kJ/K
-34.07 kJ/K
0 kJ/K

Question 10 (2 mins.)
Consider ten coins. Macrostate 1 consists of
nine heads and one tail. Macrostate 2 consists
of nine tails and one head. What is the change
in entropy from macrostate 1 to macrostate 2?
A.
B.
C.
D.

ln 10
ln 9
ln 9
0