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Mar 2007

Huawei RAN

Features & Parameters


www.huawei.com

Node B Products of Huawei


Apr. 2006
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

Overview of Packet Scheduling


nPurpose:
Scheduling the limited resources between NRT users
Optimize the utilization of system resources
Improve the throughput of the system

nMethods:
RAB to RB mapping
Bit rate switching (DCCC, DCH only)
TVM (Traffic Volume Measurement) based bit rate switching
Coverage based bit rate switching
Load based bit rate reduction
RRC state switching
Packet scheduling of HSDPA

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Page 3

RAB-to-RB Mapping
TVM based Bit Rate Switching
Coverage based Bit Rate Switching
RRC State Switching

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Page 4

Objective of RAB-to-RB Mapping

Objective:
RB parameters configuration according to QoS of the requested RAB

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Page 5

RB Mapping Criteria and Contents


Criteria:
UE capabilities complied
Efficiently make use of the limited radio resources
Guarantee QoS requirement
Contents:
Channel type selection
RB parameter configuration

Background

RB on CCH

Interactive
Streaming

Mapping

Conversational

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RB on DCH
RB on HS-DSCH

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Page 6

Channel Type Mapping


nMapping principle:
Domain
Signaling
CS

PS

Traffic Class

Transport Channel
DCH or CCH

Conversational
Streaming

DCH

Conversational

DCH

Streaming

DCH or HS-DSCH

Interactive
Background

DCH or CCH or HS-DSCH

nMain parameters:
MML command
SET FRC

Parameter name

Parameter ID

Default value

DL BE traffic DCH decision threshold

DlBeTraffDecThs

UL BE traffic DCH decision threshold

UlBeTraffDecThs

SET FRC

DL BE traffic threshold on HSDPA

DlBeTraffThsOnHsdpa

8 kbps

SET

PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH

PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDP

OFF

CORRMALGOSWITCH
SET FRC

8 kbps

A_SWITCH
DL streaming threshold on HSDPA

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DlStrThsonHsdpa

Page 7

128 kbps

Channel Parameter Configuration


nMain Channel Parameters:
MML command
ADD/MOD

Parameter Group
Discard Parameters

Main Parameter/Parameter ID
Explicit-ind slide RX window timing

Default value
Service specific

Explicit-ind SDU discard timing

TYPRABRLC

Discard PDU max TX


TM parameters

RLC segment indication

Service specific

UM parameters

RLC discard mode selection

Service specific

AM parameters

Transmit window and receive window

Service specific

Poll parameters at the Sender


Status reporting parameters at the receiver
Reset parameters
Delivery order
ADD/MOD

MAC-d Pdu size

MACDPDUSIZE

336 bit

MAC-hs Discard timer

MACHSDISCARDTIMEOPT

False

MAC-hs T1 timer

MACHST1

60 ms

MAC-hs window size

MACHSWINSIZE

16

TYPRABMACHS

option

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Page 8

RAB-to-RB mapping
TVM based Bit Rate Switching
Coverage based Bit Rate Switching
RRC State Switching

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Page 9

Traffic Volume Measurement (TVM)


Transport channel
traffic volume

Traffic Volume:
RLC Buffer Occupancy: the amount of data in
number of bytes that is available for transmission
and retransmission

Taffic Volume < Th

TVM 4B

nAlgorithm parameters:

Threshold

THRESHOLD

Time
Event 4b

TRAFFIC MEASUREMENT EVENT THRESHOLD


Indicates the threshold to trigger Event 4A/4B.
Default value: 1024/64 byte (4A/4B)

Timer to Trigger

Event 4b

Transport channel
traffic volume

Timer to Trigger:
Indicates the period of time during which the event
condition has to be satisfied, before sending a
Measurement Report
Default value: 240/5000 ms (4A/4B)

Taffic Volume > Th

TVM 4A

Threshold

THRESHOLD

Time

Event 4a

ADD TYPRABDCCCMC

Event 4a

Pending time after trigger:


Indicates the period of time during which it is
forbidden to send any new measurement reports
Default value: 4000/4000 ms (4A/4B)

Pending time after triggered

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Page 10

Bit Rate Switching based on TVM report


Uplink
Rate

SET DCCC
The highest rate

Uplink Bit rate threshold for DCCC


Range: 8 ~ 384kbps

Allocated rate

Adjust
level =3

Default value: 64 kbps


Uplink Rate adjust level

Uplink mid bitrate

Range: 2 or 3
Default value: 2

Adjust
level =2
Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC

Time

Event 4b

Event 4b

Bit rate down-switch

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Event 4a

Event 4a

Bit rate up-switch

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Page 11

Bit Rate Switching based on TVM Report

Downlink
Maximum bit rate
Rate

SET DCCC
The highest rate

Downlink Bit rate threshold for DCCC


Adjust
level =3

Allocated rate

Range: 8 ~ 384kbps
Default value: 64 kbps

Downlink mid bitrate threshold

Adjust
level =2

Downlink Rate adjust level


Range: 2 or 3

Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC

Default value: 2
Time

Event 4b

Event 4b

Event 4a

Bit rate down-switch

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Event 4a

Bit rate up-switch

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Page 12

Summary: TVM based Bit Rate Switching


nImprove

Rate

the utilization of:

Base station transmission Power

Channelization codes

Iub transmission resources

Source Rate
Dynamic Channel
Configuration

Time
without bit rate switching
with bit bit rate switching
Traffic Volume

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Page 13

RAB-to-RB mapping
TVM based Bit Rate Switching
Coverage based Bit Rate Switching
RRC State Switching

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Page 14

Coverage based Bit Rate Switching


nObject:
-

Avoid call drop due to power limitation

Guarantee QoS perceived by user

nIndicator of Coverage:
-

Downlink Transmitted Code Power

RLC data retransmission


transmit rate

data of 384kbps
data of 144kbps
data of 64 kbps
voice

distance

BS
BS

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Page 15

Transmitted Code Power Measurement


Power

n Measurement:

T1=Measurement Hysteresis Time

Event Triggered (Ea/Eb/Fa/Fb)

Periodic reported after Ea is triggered

Measurement
Threshold 1

T1

T1

T1

Measurement
Threshold 2

n Algorithm parameters:
SET DCCC

Time
Ea

Eb

Periodic
reports

Ea

Event Ea relative threshold


Event E reporting period
Event Eb relative threshold

Power

T1= Measurement Hysteresis Time

EVENT E HYSTERESIS TIME


Event F reporting power margin
Measurement
Threshold 2

T1
T1

T1

Measurement
Threshold 1

Time
Fa

Fb

Fa

Periodic
reports

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EVENT F HYSTERESIS TIME


Event F reporting period
Note:
Absolute threshold of Event E=
maximum DL Power - comparative threshold + PO3

Page 16

RLC Retransmission Monitor


nMeasurement:
-

RLC PDU retransmission rate is calculated through ACK and NACK feedback

Event A triggered when the retransmission number > threshold

Reported from Layer 2 to Layer 3 within RNC

n Algorithm parameters:
ADD TYPRABRLC

RLC Retransmission rate

Event A threshold
RE-TX monitor period
RE-TX MEASURE FILTER COEF
EVENT A TIME TO TRIGGER

Event A threshold

EVENT A PENDING TIME AFTER TRIGGER

Time

SET CORRMALGOSWITCH
RLC_RETRANS_MEASURE_SWITCH

Reporting event A
Time-to-trigger
Time-to-trigger

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Perding time after trigger


Page 17

Bit Rate Switching based on Coverage


Rate
The highest rate

Allocated rate
Downlink mid bitrate threshold

Downlink BE guarantee bitrate


Time

Event Ea
and Event A

Event Ea
and Event A

If RLC retransmission measurement is switched on:


- Rate down switching is performed only when both Event Ea AND Event A are
fulfilled

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Page 18

RAB-to-RB mapping
TVM based Bit Rate Switching
Coverage based Bit Rate Switching
RRC State Switching

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Page 19

DCCC - Channel Transition


Channel Transition
SET UESTATETRANS
URA_PCH

CELL_DCH

Event
Event 4b/Timer
4b/Timer

Paging/Data
Paging/Data

Event
Event 4a
4a

Cell
Cell reselection
reselection
Timer/COUNTER
Timer/COUNTER

Event
Event 4b/Timer
4b/Timer

CELL_FACH

CELL_PCH

BE DCH to FACH to PCH 4B thd


BE DCH to FACH 4B time to trigger
BE DCH to FACH 4B Pending Time
DCH to FACH transition timer
BE FACH TO DCH 4A threshold
FACH to PCH 4B time to trigger
FACH to PCH 4B Pending Time
FACH to PCH transition timer
CELL RESELECTION TIMER
CELL RESELECTION COUNTER

Paging/Data
Paging/Data

UE activity
Traffic Volume Report from UE, Event 4a and Event 4b
- Event 4a: Traffic volume is above a threshold -> High active
- Event 4b: Traffic volumes is below a threshold during a configurable time -> Low active
Cell re-selection:
- If number of cell reselections exceeds pre-define counters within the cell reselection timer, the UE is
considered to be in the state of frequent cell reselection
Paging/Data:
- There is data to be transferred

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Page 20

Summary - Packet Scheduling


Action

Trigger

CELL-DCH to/from CELL-FACH


UE activity (TVM)
Channel
Channel Transition
Transition

CELL-FACH to/from CELL-PCH


CELL-PCH to/from URA-PCH

UE activity (Cell Reselection)

Downlink rate up-switch

UE downlink activity (TVM)

Downlink rate down-switch

Downlink Quality

Rate
Rate Switching
Switching
Uplink rate up-switch
Uplink rate down-switch

UE uplink activity (TVM)

Optimize available resources for Best Effort Service


Allocation resources dynamically to increase resource utilisation
Prevent from call drop for users with high data rate service on the cell boarder

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Page 21

Packet Scheduling - Parameters Structure

Cell reselection timer

DCH to FACH transition timer

Cell reselection counter

BE HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer

BE FACH to DCH 4A threshold

Realtime Traff DCH to FACH transition timer

BE FACH to HS-DSCH 4A threshold

FACH to PCH transition timer

Realtime Traff DCH to FACH 4B threshold

RNC
RadioClass

UESTATETRANS.Class

GlobalParaClass

RAB&SRBClass

GlobalParaClass

DCCC.Class

CellClass

UESTATETRANS.Class

TYPRABBASIC.Class

CELLDCCC.Class

DCCC.Class

TYPRABDCCCMC.Class
TYPRABRLC.Class

DCCC strategy

Event F hysteresis time

Uplink bitrate threshold for DCCC

Reporting period unit for event F

Uplink mid bite rate calculate method

Event F reporting period[ms]

Uplink mid bitrate threshold

Event F reporting period[min]

Uplink Rate adjust level

Event Ea relative threshold

Downlink bitrate threshold for DCCC

Event Eb relative threshold

Downlink mid bite rate calculate method

Event E hysteresis time

Downlink mid bitrate threshold

Reporting period unit for event E

Downlink Rate adjust level

Event E reporting period[ms]

Downlink BE guarantee bitrate

Event E reporting period[min]

RAB&SRBClass

TYPRABDCCCMC.Class

TYPRABBASIC.Class

Direction

TYPRABRLC.Class

4B measurement report monitor time

CellClass

Traffic Measurement Event 4B threshold


CELLDCCC.Class

Traffic Measurement Event 4A threshold

re-TX monitor period

Time to trigger 4B

re-TX measure filter coef

Time to trigger 4A

Event A threshold

Pending time after trigger 4B

Event A time to trigger

Pending time after trigger 4A

Event A pending time after trigger

Event F reporting period[ms]

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Reporting period unit for event E

Event F reporting period[min]

Downlink BE guarantee bitrate

Event E hysteresis time

Event F hysteresis time

Event E reporting period[ms]

Reporting period unit for event F

Event E reporting period[min]

Page 22

Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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Page 23

Coverage based Rate Mode Control


Improve the coverage
performance
n
M OS

Experiment 1a - Test Results

5.0

Guarantee the speech


quality

4.0

3.0
EFR
12.2
10.2
7.95
7.4
6.7
5.9
5.15
4.75

2.0

1.0

No Errors

C/I=13 dB

C/I=10 dB

C/I= 7 dB

C/I= 4 dB

4.01

3.65

3.05

1.53

4.13

3.93

3.44

1.46

3.96

4.05

3.80

2.04

3.91

4.01

4.08

3.96

3.26

1.43

3.83

3.94

3.98

3.84

3.11

1.39

3.80

3.86

3.29

1.87

3.72

3.69

3.59

2.20

5.15

3.50

3.58

3.44

2.43

4.75

3.50

3.52

3.43

2.66

EFR

4.01

12.2

4.01

10.2

4.06

7.95
7.4
6.7

3.77

5.9

C/I=16 dB

Condi ti ons

4.06

C/I= 1 dB

Extending
coverage

12.2K
7.95K
4.75K

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Page 24

UE Tx Power Measurement
UL UE Tx Power Measurement

UE Tx power
Delta_6a1

Measurement
Thresholds 6A1/6B1,
6A2/6B2
n

Tx power
threshold 6A1

Delta_6b1
Delta_6b2

Tx power
threshold 6B1

Delta_6a2

Event report

Tx power
threshold 6A2
Tx power
threshold 6B2
Reporting
event 6A 1

Event

Reporting

Reporting

Reporting

event 6B1

event 6B2

event 6A 2

Permitted Highest AMR Codec Mode

Time

Ul_Rate_adjust_timer

6A1

Start

6B1

or (decided by timer)

Stop

6A2

or (decided by timer)

Stop

6B2

Start

: represents the decrease in the permitted maximum codec mode.


: represents the increase in the permitted maximum codec mode.
: represents that the current permitted maximum codec mode is kept.

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Page 25

Transmitted Code Power Measurement


D L D P D C H T x P o w er

M a x im u m

D L D PD C H P ow er

DL TCP Measurement
D e lta _ E 1

D e lta _ E 2

D e lta _ F 2

D e lta _ F 1

Measurement
Thresholds E1/E2,
F1/F2

T x P o w er
th r e s h o ld E 1

T x P o w er
th r e s h o ld E 2

Periodical
report
n

T x P o w er
th r e s h o ld F 2

T x P o w er
th r e s h o ld F 1

T im e

R a te - D o w n

N o rm a l

R a te -U p

DPDCH Power

Normal

N o rm a l

Rate_Down

Rate_Up

DPDCH power > E1

E2 < DPDCH power E1

F2 DPDCH power E2

F1 DPDCH power < F2

DPDCH power < F1

: represents the decrease in the permitted maximum codec mode.


: represents the increase in the permitted maximum codec mode.
: represents that the current permitted maximum codec mode is kept.

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Page 26

Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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Page 27

Power Control Overview


Purpose

Action
UL Open-loop Power Control
Open-loop
Open-loop Power
Power Control
Control
DL Open-loop Power Control

UL Inner-loop Power Control


Inner-loop
Inner-loop Power
Power Control
Control
DL Inner-loop Power Control

UL Outer-loop Power Control


Outer-loop
Outer-loop Power
Power Control
Control
DL Outer-loop Power Control

Fast closed-loop power control to


control the transmit power
according to the RX SIR of the peer
end, to compensate the fading of
radio links

Maintain the communication


quality at the level required by the
service bearer through adjustment
of the SIR target

Reduce the power drift between


links during the soft handover

Downlink
Downlink Power
Power Balance
Balance

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Make a rough estimation of path


loss by means of a downlink signal,
and then to provide a coarse initial
power setting

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Page 28

Open Loop Power Control


Inner Loop Power Control
Outer Loop Power Control
Downlink Power Balancing

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Page 29

Open Loop Power Control


Objective
n For each UE, before accessing the network, and for each base station when
RL is set up, estimate the initial UL / DL transmit power based on the
downlink path loss calculation

Content
n Uplink Open Loop Power Control for PARCH
n Uplink Open Loop Power Control for UL DPCCH
n Downlink Open Loop Power Control for DL DPCCH

BCH: CPICH channel power


UL interference level

DCH
DCH

PRACH

RACH measurement report

Node B

Node B
UE

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CPICH Ec/Io

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UE

Page 30

Uplink Open-loop Power Control on PRACH


PRACHBASIC.
Class

BCH :
CPICH channel power
UL interference level

PRACHUUPARAS.Class
Power increase step

RACH

Max preamble retransmission


Constant value for calculating initial TX power
Measure CPICH_RSCP
Determine the initial transmitted power

RACH.Clsass

Max allowed
UE UL TX
power

Max preamble loop


Random back-off lower
limit

AICH ACK

Data Part

Random back-off upper limit


Power increase step

Power offset

Control Part
Pini

Preambles
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Message
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Page 31

Uplink Open-loop Power Control on DPCCH


TYPSRB.Class
TYPSRBBASIC.Class

DPCCH Power Offset


Reference BetaC
Reference BetaD

CPICH RSCP

Node B
UE

DPCCH_Initial_Power =
DPCCH_Power_Offset CPICH_RSCP

Various power differences between DPDCH and


DPCCH are defined through gain factors, called
c for DPCCH and d for DPDCH

DPCCH_Power_Offset = PCPICH TRANSMIT


POWER + UL interference + CONSTANT
VALUE CONFIGURED BY DEFAULT
No data on DPDCH

PC Preamble

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SRB Delay
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Page 32

DPDCH

Open Loop Power Control


Inner Loop Power Control
Outer Loop Power Control
Downlink Power Balancing

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Page 33

Uplink Inner-loop Power Control

SIR estimation and


compare with SIR target

FRC.Class

TPC

Power control algorithm selection

1500 Hz
SIR target

UL closed loop power control step size

NodeB

UE

UL Inner-loop Power Control

Power control algorithm selection

PCA1: UE adjusts uplink transmit power for each slot; the step
of PCA1 should be 1dB or 2dB by UL CLOSED LOOP POWER
CONTROL STEP SIZE parameter.

-- ALGORITHM1, ALGORITHM2
UL closed loop power control step size
-- 1 or 2 dB

PCA2: The UE adjusts the uplink transmit power for each 5-slot
cycle and the step is 1 dB fixedly.

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Downlink Inner-loop Power Control


FRC.Class

TPC

SIR estimation and


compare with SIR target

DL power control mode


FDD DL power control step size

1500 Hz
SIR target
NodeB

UE

DL Inner-loop Power Control


DPC_MODE = 0
The UE sends a unique TPC command in each slot and the TPC
command generated is transmitted in the first available TPC field in the
uplink DPCCH.
DPC_MODE = 1
The UE repeats the same TPC command over 3 slots and the new TPC
command is transmitted such that there is a new command at the
beginning of the frame .

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Open Loop Power Control


Inner Loop Power Control
Outer Loop Power Control
Downlink Power Balancing

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Page 36

Outer-loop Power Control


TYPRABOLPC.Class

Objective:
Keep the quality of communication at the
required level by setting the SIR target for the
fast power control

TYPSRBOLPC.Class

BLER target value


SIR adjustment step
Maximum SIR increase step
Maximum SIR decrease step

BLER measurement

Maximum SIR target


Minimum SIR target

SIR measurement
and comparing

Comparing

Outer-loop

Inner-loop

BLERtarget setting

SIR target setting


RNC

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Sent TPC command


Node B

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UE

Page 37

Mechanism of OLPC
N

N1

N2
N: TTI number of SIR adjustment period
N1TTI number of non DTX period
N2TTI number of DTX period
NN1N2

Mechanism:
- Single RAB
> OLPC based on BLER
> OLPC based on DPCCH BER (N1=0, N20)

- Multiple RABs
> SIR target decrease only when all TrCHs request to decrease its SIRtar
If any one of the services requires to increase the SIR target, the maximum value is
used for the adjustment.
If all the services require to reduce the SIR target, the minimum value is used for the
adjustment.
> Signaling DCH is involved in OLPC
> Guarantee QoS of all TrCHs

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Page 38

Open Loop Power Control


Inner Loop Power Control
Outer Loop Power Control
Downlink Power Balancing

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Page 39

Downlink Power Balance


Objective:
n To reduce the power drift between links of different NodeB.
DPB.Class

Node B
DPB measurement report period
DPB measurement filter coefficient

SRNC

DPB triggering threshold

UE

DPB stop threshold


Ratio for max power
DPB adjustment ratio
DPB adjustment period

Pref = (RATIO FOR MAX POWER) / 100 * (Pmax-Pcpich)


+ (1- RATIO FOR MAX POWER / 100) * (Pmin - Pcpich)

Max DPB adjustment step

After starting power balancing, the RNC calculates the UE DL


reference power Pref and sends the Pref to the NodeB by the
DOWNLINK POWER CONTROL REQUEST message

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Page 40

Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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Page 41

Overview
Intelligent Admission Control
Intelligent Congestion Control

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Page 42

Load Control exists in all phases


Load Control is used to keep system stable, maximize system capacity while
ensuring the coverage and QoS.
Different load control algorithms according to different phases provided:
- Before UE access: Potential User Control (PUC)
- During UE access: Call Admission Check (CAC) and Intelligent Access Control (IAC)
- After UE access: Load Reshuffling (LDR), and Overload Control (OLC)

PUC

LDR
OLC

CAC
IAC

1. Before UE access 2. During UE access

3. After UE access

Time
PUC: Potential User Control
IAC: Intelligent Admission Control
OLC: Overload Control

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CAC: Call Admission Control


LDR: Load Reshuffling

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Page 43

Load Control for different load level


Tx power
Uplink noise
Icons for different load levels

Cell load (number of subscribers)

Overload congestion occurs


OLC starts: to reduce the cell load
CAC: to prevent new calls into cells with heavy load
ICAC: to increase the access success rate
Load control is
unneeded

Basic congestion occurs


PUC starts: to enable UEs in idle mode to camp on cells with light load
LDR starts: to check and release basic congestion in cells

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Page 44

Priority Definition in Huawei Implementation


Priority Consideration
Traffic Class Conversational -> Streaming -> Interactive -> Background
ARP

ARP1 -> ARP2 -> ARP3 -> ARP14

THP

THP1 -> THP2 -> THP3 -> THP14

Bear Type

HS-DSCH or DCH

THP is provided in
RAN6.0.

RAB Integrate Priority Strategy: TC top-priority or ARP top-priority


-For the same TC and ARP
For Interactive with the same ARP, priority is determined by THP.
-Indicator of Carrier Type Priority to control the priority between R99
and HSDPA.

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Priority Definition - example


ARP is the top-priority, and HSDPA over DCH

Services with different ARP/TC/THP/Bear


RAB ID

ARP

Traffic Class

THP Bear Type

Interactive

DCH

Interactive

HSDPA

Conversational

DCH

Background

DCH

Background

HSDPA

Streaming

DCH

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

RANK

ARP

Traffic Class

THP Bear Type

Interactive

HSDPA

Interactive

DCH

Conversational

DCH

Streaming

DCH

Background

HSDPA

Background

DCH

TC is the top-priority, and HSDPA over DCH


RANK

Traffic Class

Conversational

DCH

Streaming

DCH

Interactive

HSDPA

Interactive

DCH

Background

HSDPA

Background

DCH

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 46

ARP THP

Bear Type

Priority Definition in Huawei Implementation


User Integrate Priority:
- For multiple-RAB users, determined by the service with the highest
RAB Integrate Priority.

User Priority:
Gold (1)
User Priority
Silver (2)
Bronze (3)
Typical Mapping of ARP and User Priority
ARP

10

11

12

13

14

User
Priority

ERROR

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Page 47

GBR Configuration in Huawei Implementation


For R99 I/B services

Uplink BE Guarantee Bitrate and Downlink BE Guarantee Bitrate are configurable


respectively per cell.

Uplink BE Guarantee Bitrate is used in BE downsizing due to uplink cell basic congestion.
Downlink BE Guarantee Bitrate is used in BE downsizing due to downlink coverage and
downlink cell basic congestion.

For R99 and HSDPA RT services

GBR is in accordance with the requested guaranteed bit rate in RAB parameters.

For HSDPA I/B services

Different GBRs are configured for Gold/Silver/Copper user.

Gold

Silver

Copper

Uplink

64kbps

64kbps

64kbps

Downlink

64kbps

64kbps

64kbps

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Page 48

Scheduling Priority used in HSDPA


Traffic class

ARP

Streaming

Interactive

Background

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THP

SPI

14

13

12

10

3~15

3~15

3~15

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Page 49

Overview

Intelligent Admission Control


Intelligent Congestion Control

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Page 50

Overview
Resource Admission Check
Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 51

Intelligent Admission Control Overview


RRC connection processing
RRC connection
request

Admission
algorithm

Failed

Failed

DRD

Redirection

Succeeded Succeeded

Iu Qos Negotiation
algorithm switch
UE capability

Scenario
RAB establishment
RAB modification
Inbound relocation

RAB processing
Rate
negotiation

Admission
algorithm

PS domain:
maximum rate
negotiation

Load admission

PS and CS
domains:
initial rate
negotiation

Rate
reconfiguration
hard handover
DCCC
algorithm switch
Cell load
information list LIT
LDM

CRM

PS domain BE
service:
target rate
negotiation

Succe
eded

Code resource
admission
Failed

Failed
Preemption
Succeeded
Succeeded

Iub resource
admission

Failed or not
supported
Queuing
Succeeded

Failed or not
supported
DRD

Credit resource
admission

Succeeded

Others
Service request
denied

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Page 52

Service request
admitted

Failed

Resource Admission Check Overview


Admission request

Yes

Affected users
Procedure

Users in connected mode


Make decision whether to admit
new users or service upgrade

Code resource
based admission?

Yes

according to the available system


Power resource
based admission?

resources.
Resources to

1. DL Channelization Code

check

2. Radio Resource: Power /

No

No

Yes

Interference

Credit resource
based admission?

3. Credit: Resource
4. Iub transmission bandwidth

No

Yes

For

Maximum user number per Cell /

HSDPA/HSUPA

NodeB

Iub resource
based admission?

No

Yes
Resource admission passed

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Page 53

Resource admission denied

Overview
Resource Admission Check

Radio Resource

Code Resource

Iub Bandwidth

NodeB CE

Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 54

Admission Check of Radio Resource


Request initiation

n UL and DL independently
n On the basis of TCP / RTWP

Uplink call
admission desicion

Admitted?

n On the basis of equivalent user number


No

Yes
Downlink call
admission desicion

No
Admitted?
Yes
Request admitted

Request rejected

End

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Page 55

Admission Algorithm Selection


Algorithm 1: based on TCP/RTWP measurement and load increment estimation

Downlink:
Load level definition: TCP (Transmitted Carrier Power)

Uplink:
Load level definition: load factor

UL = 1

PN
RTWP

Load increment of the new request is taken into consideration.


Algorithm 2: based on static Equivalent Number of Users calculation

Standard user: 12.2kbps AMR with active factor 100%.


Algorithm 3: based on current TCP/RTWP measurement

Based on TCP/RTWP measurement;


Load increment of the new request is not taken into consideration

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Page 56

Uplink Admission Algorithm 1 & 3


Uplink admission control request

Get measured RTWP and calculate


the current uplink load factor.

UL =1

PN
RTWP

= Fun ( Ec / No )

Calculate the increment of the


uplink load due to the request.

UL, predicted = UL + U L

Get the predicted uplink load


factor.

Compare the predicted value with


admission threshold

! Increment is always
equal to ZERO when
algorithm 3 is applied

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Page 57

Downlink Admission Algorithm 1&3


Downlink admission control request

Get measured current TCP

Calculate the increment of the


downlink power due to the request.

Get the predicted downlink total


power

TCP

P = Fun ( Ec / No , CPICH _ Ec / No )

Ppredicted = TCP + P

! Increment is always
equal to ZERO when
algorithm 3 is applied

Compare the predicted power with


admission threshold

P ( N + 1) =

(Ec / N 0 )N +1

PCPICH

(1 ) P ( N )
1
Ec / N 0N +1 (CPICH _ Ec / N 0 ) N +1

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Page 58

UL & DL Admission Algorithm 2


n Based on ENU (Equivalent Number of User s calculation)
n Standard user:
-12.2kbps AMR with activity factor 100%
-EUN for standard user: 1

n EUN for non standard user:


-Uplink

1+
k N +1 =

(Ec / N o )s tan dard

1+

1
(Ec / N o )N +1

-Downlink

k N +1 =

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

(E c

(E c

N 0 ) N +1

N 0 )s tan dard

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 59

Priority Handling of Admission Check


Threshold for uplink radio resource admission check
Parameters

Default value

UL Handover access threshold

80

UL threshold of Conv AMR service

75

UL threshold of Conv non_AMR service

75

UL threshold of other services

60

Threshold for downlink radio resource admission check


Parameters

Default value

DL Handover access threshold

85

DL threshold of Conv AMR service

80

DL threshold of Conv non_AMR service

80

DL threshold of other services

75

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Page 60

Overview
Resource Admission Check

Radio Resource

Code Resource

Iub Bandwidth

NodeB CE

Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 61

Code Management
Code management is used to manage the code resource between all the
physical channels, including common channel (CCH) e.g. PCPICH and
PCCPCH, dedicated channel (DPCH), and shared channel (HSDPA).

nCode for DPCH:


- Dynamically allocated

nCode for common channel:


- Reserved

nCode for HSDPA:


- Shared with R99 (Refer to HSDPA part)
SF=4
SF=8
SF=16

CCH

HSDPA

DPCH

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Page 62

Code Allocation Mechanism


n On the basis of maximum free sub-tree

Less code
fragments
are left

SF=4
0

1
2

SF=8
0

SF=256
SF=128 C(256,0):PCPICH
0

SF=64
C(256,1):PCCPCH
0

C(256,2): AICH

SF=32
C(256,3): PICH
0

SF=16
C(64,1):SCCPCH
0

C(128,2):DPCH

3
Reserve the

with smallest
1

codes
SF to
improve utilization
rate of whole code
tree.

Occupied code
Non-occupied code

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Page 63

Overview
Resource Admission Check

Radio Resource

Code Resource

Iub Bandwidth

NodeB CE

Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 64

Admission Check of Iub Bandwidth


DPCH Service
Bandwidth consumption:
MBR * Active factor

Configurable
per service type

Active
Factor

Traffic Class

Common Channels

0.7

SRB

0.5

Telephony (AMR&VOIP)

0.7

R99 Conversational (VP)

R99 Streaming

Scope

NodeB

HSDPA Service
Bandwidth consumption:
GBR * Active factor

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

R99 Interactive

0.5

R99 Background

0.5

HSDPA Streaming

HSDPA Interactive

HSDPA Background

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Page 65

Overview
Resource Admission Check

Radio Resource

Code Resource

Iub Bandwidth

NodeB CE

Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 66

Admission Check of NodeB Credit


Admission Check:
Credits of local cell
Credits of local cell group
Credits of NodeB

Credit Consumption Law:


Reported from NodeB
In terms of SF
HSDPA is not involved

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Traffic
Class

Direction

SF

Number of CEs
Consumed

Corresponding
Credits Consumed

3.4 kbps
SRB

DL

256

UL

256

13.6
kbps
SRB

DL

128

UL

64

12.2
kbps
AMR

DL

128

UL

64

64 kbps
VP

DL

32

UL

16

32 kbps
PS

DL

64

UL

32

1.5

64 kbps
PS

DL

32

UL

16

128 kbps
PS

DL

16

UL

10

384 kbps
PS

DL

UL

10

20

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 67

Overview
Resource Admission Check
Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 68

Rate Negotiation in IAC


UE capabilities
Physical layer capability

384kbps
Maximum allowed bit rate

Transport channel capability


RLC capability

256kbps

128kbps
Initial data rate / Target data rate
64kbps

System load
Channelization codes

32kbps

Iub transmission resources


Radio resources

Scenarios: RAB setupRAB modify, reconfiguration

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Overview
Resource Admission Check
Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 70

Pre-emption and Queuing


High
Priority

Priority based
Pre-empt
Low Priority

Integrate Priority considered:


- Traffic Class
- Allocation/Retention Priority
- Bear Type (R99/HSDPA)

Pre-emption

- THP (Traffic Handling Priority)

Queuing

Pqueue = Tmax Telapsed


- Telapsed: the time which the service request has queued.
- Tmax: the maximum time which the service request can
be in the queue.

n Weight based queuing


n Periodically retry

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Overview
Resource Admission Check
Rate Negotiation
Pre-emption / Queuing
Direct Retry / Re-direction

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Page 72

RRC Direct Retry & Re-direction


RRC Connection

RRC DRD is used when UE initiates RRC CONNECTION REQUEST procedure

Direct Retry

but is refused by the original cell.

RRC Connection

RRC Redirection is used to indicate UE to reselect an inter-frequency or GSM

Re-direction

cell if RRC DRD failed.

Cell2

Cell2

Freq2

Freq2

Resource
apply

Resource
apply

Initially camping
on cell 1

Cell2

Initially camping
on cell 1

RRC Re-Direct to Inter3 Freq or inter-RAT cell

RRC Direct Retry


successfully on cell2

Inter-Freq Cell1

Freq1

Freq1

1 RRC CONNECTION REQUEST


2 RRC CONNECTION SETUP
3 RRC CONNETION SETUP COMPLETE

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1 RRC CONNECTION REQUEST


2 RRC CONNECTION
REJECT(Redirection info )
3 Cell reselection: Inter-freq access
Or 3 Cell reselection: Inter-RAT access

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Page 73

Inter-RAT Cell1

RAB Direct Retry


RAB Direct

RAB DRD is used when UE initiates RAB ASSIGNMENT procedure but is refused

Retry

by the original cell and may retry to other cells.

RNC

CN

RNC

Cell2

Cell2

Freq2

3
Inter-RAT Cell1

Inter-Freq Cell1

Freq1
1 RAB Assignment (from CN)
2 SRNS relocation (to CN)
3 Handover from UTRAN
4 Handover Complete

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

1 RAB Assignment (from CN)


2 RB SETUP (Freq1)
3 RB SETUP COMPLETE
4 RAB Assignment Resp
HUAWEI Confidential

Page 74

Parameters: Intelligent Admission Control


Pre-emption

1.User priority based pre-emption for R99

Rate

1.PS maximum rate negotiation

2.RAB priority based pre-emption for

Negotiation

2.PS & CS initial rate negotiation

HSDPA

3.PS target rate negotiation

Max Queuing Time Length

DRD Switch

Queue

1.RAB priority based queuing.

DRD

1.RRC connection direct retry


2.RRC connection redirection
3.RAB direct retry

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Overview
Intelligent Admission Control

Intelligent Congestion Control

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Page 76

Overview
Load Reshuffling
Overload Control

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Page 77

State of Cell Load (Radio Resource)


Load%

nOverload Congestion
Trigger OLC (overload
control) to quickly decrease
system load

100%
THOLC

THCAC
THLDR

Make system stable


nBasic Congestion
Trigger LDR (load
reshuffling) to make room
for more users to access
system, especial for users
with higher priority

Avoid load congestion


nNormal
Time

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Page 78

Intelligent Congestion Control


Code Resources

NodeB Credit
Resources

ENU

Iub Transmission
Resources

Power
Resources

Load Reshuffling (LDR)


Service Quality
Unchanged

Overload Control (OLC)

Service Quality
Downgraded

Handover

Call Drop

RAN-CN
Renegotiation

Downsizing

Fast
TFC
Control

AMRC
IF
HO

MBMS
Power
Downgrading

IRAT
HO

Drop off calls

PS

Drop CS

CS

For
PS
Streaming

BE rate
reduction

! Integrate priority is used in LDR and OLC.

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Drop PS

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Overview
Load Reshuffling
Overload Control

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Triggers of LDR
Power Resource:

Check the load of the


serving periodically

Load level > LDR trigger threshold

Iub Bandwidth:
Available Iub bandwidth < predefined threshold

No

Is the load higher than


basic congestion trigger
threshold

Yes

Yes

Take congestion
release measures

MML command

Parameter name

Is the load lower than


basic congestion release
threshold

End load adjustment

Parameter ID

Default value

ADD/MOD CELLLDM

UL/DL LDR trigger threshold

ULLDRTRIGTHD
DLLDRTRIGTHD

55%
70%

ADD/MOD

RT Forward congestion control threshold


RT Backward congestion control threshold
NRT Forward congestion control threshold
NRT Backward congestion control threshold
HsRT Forward congestion control threshold
HsRT Backward congestion control threshold
HsNrt Forward congestion control threshold
HsNrt Backward congestion control threshold

RTFWCONGTHD
RTBWCONGTHD
NRTFWCONGTHD
NRTBWCONGTHD
HSRTFWCONGTHD
HSRTBWCONGTHD
HSNRTFWCONGTHD
HSNRTBWCONGTHD

95%
95%
95%
95%
95%
95%
95%
95%

AAL2ADJNODE

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Page 81

No

Inter-Frequency Handover in LDR


Candidate target cell:
LDR trigger threshold in target cell current load level in target cell >
Predefined threshold in target cell

Load: high

Candidate users:

Cell 1

Users with the lowest Integrated Priority


Bit rate smaller than the predefined maximum bandwidth

Load: low

Action:

Cell 2

Blind handover
MML command
ADD/LST/MOD
CELLLDR

Parameter name
UL/DL Inter-freq cell load
handover load space threshold

Parameter ID
ULINTERFREQHOCELLLOAD

Default
value
20 (%)

SPACETHD
DLINTERFREQHOCELLLOAD
SPACETHD

UL/DL Inter-freq cell load


handover maximum bandwidth

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ULINTERFREQHOBWTHD/DLI
NTERFREQHOBWTHD

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Page 82

400 (kbps)

BE Rate Reduction in LDR


Candidate Users:

Bit rate

Users with the lowest integrated

384kbps

priority

128kbps

Only BE services are involved.


GBR

Action:

64k

64k

64k

Reconfiguration
High

Highest

MML command
ADD/LST/MOD
CELLLDR

Parameter name
UL/DL LDR-BE rate
reduction RAB number

Parameter ID
ULLDRBERATEREDUCTION
RABNUM
DLLDRBERATEREDUCTION
RABNUM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Lowest

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 83

Default
value
1

Priority

AMR Rate Reduction in LDR


Candidate service:
AMR service with the lowest integrated priority
Action:
Downlink: Rate control over Iu interface
Uplink: TFC control over Uu interface.

MML command
ADD/LST/MOD
CELLLDR

Parameter name
UL/DL LDR-AMR rate
reduction RAB number

Parameter ID
ULLDRAMRRATEREDUCTIONR
ABNUM
DLLDRAMRRATEREDUCTIONR
ABNUM

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Page 84

Default
value
3

RT Service QoS Renegotiation in LDR


Candidate service:
PS streaming

Action:
QoS renegotiation over Iu
1) RNC: RAB modification request (Iu)
2) CN: RAB assignment (Iu)
3) RNC: reconfiguration (Iub/Uu)

MML command
ADD/LST/MOD
CELLLDR

Parameter name
UL/DL LDR un-ctrl RT
Qos re-nego RAB num

Parameter ID
ULLDRPSRTQOSRENEGRAB
NUM
DLLDRPSRTQOSRENEGRAB
NUM

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Page 85

Default
value
1

Inter-RAT Handover of LDR


Candidate target cell:
2G cells with same/bigger coverage as serving 3G cell

Load: high

Candidate users:

WCDMA

User with lowest Integrated Priority


Actions:
PS service inter-RAT handover

GSM CELL

CS service inter-RAT handover

MML command
ADD/LST/MOD
CELLLDR

Parameter name
UL/DL LDR PS interrat ho user number
UL/DL LDR CS interrat ho user number

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Parameter ID
ULLDRPSINTERRATHOUSERNUM

Default
value
1

DLLDRPSINTERRATHOUSERNUM
ULLDRCSINTERRATHOUSERNUM
DLLDRCSINTERRATHOUSERNUM

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 86

Summary: Load Reshuffling


Affected users

Users in Connected mode

Procedure

Up to 6 service oriented strategies to use when cell enters basic congestion state.

Related
Parameters

CELLLDR.Class

UL/DL Inter-freq cell load handover load space threshold

1st-6th LDR action sequence

UL/DL Inter-freq cell load handover maximum bound width

UL/DL BE guarantee bit rate

UL/DL LDR-BE rate reduction RAB number


UL/DL LDR un-ctrl RT Qos re-nego RAB num
UL/DL LDR CS inter-rat ho user number
UL/DL LDR PS inter-rat ho user number
UL/DL LDR-AMR rate reduction RAB number

Actions

Inter-frequency load handover

Users in CELL_DCH

BE service rate reduction

Users with BE service

AMR reduction

Users with AMR speech

Inter-RAT load handover in CS domain

Users with CS service

Inter-RAT load handover in PS domain

Users with PS service

Iu Qos renegotiation

Users with Streaming service

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Overview
Load Reshuffling
Overload Control

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Page 88

Overload Control (OLC)


Actions supported:
TFC Control of R99 BE service
Drop of low priority UEs

Sequence of OLC actions:


Fast TFC control -> Call drop of UEs
Check the load of the
serving periodically

Is the load higher than


overload congestion trigger
threshold

No

Is the load lower than


overload congestion release
threshold

Yes

Yes

Take actions to release


congestion

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End load adjustment

Page 89

No

Fast TFC Control in OLC


Downlink TFC Control
Performed within MAC-d/RNC

Uplink TFC Control

Monitor Cell Load

RNC -> UE: TFC control


If Cell load >
Congestion threshold

Congestion Detected
and inform MAC
MAC decrease the
max TF number

Congestion Relieved
and infrom MAC

Kill the Adjust Timer

expires
Start a Adjust Timer

MAC increase the


max TF number

expires
Start a Recover Timer

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Parameters of Overload Control


MML command
ADD/LST/MOD

Parameter name
UL/DL OLC trigger threshold

CELLLDM

ADD/LST/MOD

Parameter ID
ULOLCTRIGTHD

Default value
95%

DLOLCTRIGTHD
UL/DL OLC Release threshold

ULOLCRELTHD DLOLCRELTHD

90%

UL/DL OLC fast TF restrict RAB number

ULOLCFTFRSTRCTRABNUM

CELLOLC

DLOLCFTFRSTRCTRABNUM
Data rate restrict coefficient

RATERSTRCTCOEF

68%

DL OLC fast TF restrict data rate restrict

RATERSTRCTTIMERLEN

3S

RATERECOVERTIMERLEN

5S

ULOLCTRAFFRELRABNUM

timer length
DL OLC fast TF restrict data rate recover
timer length
UL/DL OLC traff release RAB number

DLOLCTRAFFRELRABNUM

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Summary: Load Control Parameter Classification


RNC
CELLCAC.Class

CELLOLC.Class

UL threshold of Conv AMR service

UL/DL OLC fast TF restrict times

UL threshold of Conv non_AMR service

UL/DL OLC fast TF restrict RAB number

UL threshold of other services

Data rate restrict coefficient


UL/DL OLC traff release RAB number

RadioClass

GlobalParaClass

CellClass

USERPRIORITY.Class

CELLPUC.Class

UL Handover access threshold

LDM.Class

CELLCAC.Class

DL threshold of Conv AMR service

CORRMALGOSWITCH .Class

CELLLDM.Class

DL threshold of Conv non_AMR service

FRC.Class

CELLLDR.Class

DL threshold of other services

UL/DL LDR trigger threshold

QUEUEPREEMPT.Class

CELLOLC.Class

DL Handover access threshold

UL/DL LDR release threshold

DL total nonhsdpa equivalent user number

UL/DL OLC Trigger threshold

Maximum HSDPA user number

UL/DL OLC Release threshold

CELLLDM.Class

USERPRIORITY.Class

LDM.Class

Integrate Priority Configured Reference

UL/DL basic meas rprt cycle, Unit:10ms

Indicator of Carrier Type Priority

UL/DL basic meas rprt cycle, Unit:min

CELLLDR.Class

CORRMALGOSWITCH .Class

FRC .Class

UL/DL Inter-freq cell load handover load space threshold


UL/DL Inter-freq cell load handover maximum bound width

Switcher for IU QoS Negotiation

Uplink initial access rates

RAB Downsizing Switch

Downlink initial access rates

UL/DL LDR-BE rate reduction RAB number


UL/DL LDR un-ctrl RT Qos re-nego RAB num

QUEUEPREEMPT.Class

CELLPUC.Class

UL/DL LDR CS inter-rat ho user number

Preempt algorithm switch

Load level division threshold 1

UL/DL LDR PS inter-rat ho user number

Queue algorithm switch

Load level division threshold 2

UL/DL LDR-AMR rate reduction RAB number

Poll timer length

Load level division hysteresis

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Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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Page 93

Mobility Management Overview


-Provide the subscribers the continuous communication services
-Load balancing and resources sharing
-Improve the utilization of system resources
Classification
Intra-frequency Soft / Softer / Hard Handover
Functionality

Inter-frequency Handover
Inter-RAT Handover
Coverage Based Handover
Load Based Handover

Motive
UE Speed Based Handover (HCS)
Service Based Handover

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Handover Scenarios

Intra-frequency Handover
Soft / Softer Handover
Hard handover
Based on Coverage

Inter-RAT Handover
Based on

Based on
Coverage

Based on

WCDMA Freq. 2

Load/

Based on

UE Speed

Coverage

WCDMA Freq. 1

Inter-frequency

Load/Service

Handover

GSM/GPRS/EDGE
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Intra-Frequency Handover
UE Performs IF

RNC Makes Decision

RNC Performs Handover

> 1A Add Cell to AS

> Apply for Resource

> 1B Remove Cell in AS

(Admission)

> 1C Replace a Cell in AS

> Signaling Procedure

> 1D Indicate Best cell

Execution

Measurement
MEASUREMENT CONTROL

message
> Measurement Quantity
> Event Parameters

- Add 1D cell to AS or

> Neighbor cell list, etc.

> Update Parameters to UE

do replacement
- May do Hard HO

If criteria is matched, UE sends


measurement report.

Do Hard HO if conditions are


met.

Measurement
Phase

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Decision
Phase

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Execution
Handover

Page 96

Intra-Frequency Handover Key Parameters


Event Parameters

> Intra-freq Measure Quantity

Event 1A

> Cell offset

> CS/PS service 1A event relative threshold


> 1A hysteresis
> 1A event trigger delay time

> Max number of cell in active set

Event 1B
> CS/PS service 1B event relative threshold
> 1B hysteresis
> 1B event trigger delay time

Event 1C
> 1C hysteresis
> 1C event trigger delay time

Event 1D
> 1D hysteresis
> 1D event trigger delay time

Measurement
Phase

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Decision
Phase

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Execution
Handover

Page 97

Inter-Frequency Handover
HO Triggers
1. Based on Coverage
> UE Event 2D/2F Report

Measurement
1. CM measurement
needed
> Periodical Meas.

2. Based on Load
> LDR Module Report

3. Based on UE Speed
> HCS UE Speed
Estimation

> Event Reporting

2D start CM
2F stop CM
2B coverage based
handover
2C load based
handover

2. No Meas. needed

> Signal Quality of target cell


meet requirement
> Keep Time to Trigger

Event Reporting:
> Received 2B Event

2. LDR choose UE and


target cell to Blind HO

Event Reporting

Measurement
Phase

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RNC Perform Handover


1. Apply for Resource
Admission
2. Signaling Procedure
Execution
3. Update Parameters to
UE

> Blind HO

3. Use blind HO or 2C

Handover
Trigger

IF HO will be triggered
1. Coverage based
Periodically Reporting:

3. Blind HO or 2C Event
Report

Decision
Phase

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 98

Execution
Handover

Inter-Frequency Handover Key Parameters


Event 2D

Event 2B

> Inter-frequency measure report mode

> Inter-freq CS/PS measure

> Inter-freq CS/PS

Inter-frequency measure quantity

start Ec/No THD

Target/Used frequency
trigger Ec/No THD

Event 2F

*Thresholds also for

> Inter-freq CS/PS measure

RSCP

> 2D/2F hysteresis


> 2D/2F event trigger delay

(for periodical reporting mode)

For Periodical reporting mode

stop Ec/No THD


* Thresholds also for RSCP

> Inter-frequency measure periodical rpt period

> Inter-freq CS/PS target frequency trigger Ec/No THD

Event 2C

(thresholds also for RSCP)

> Inter-freq measure


target frequency trigger

> Inter-freq handover min access Ec/No RSCP THD


> HHO hysteresis

Ec/No THD

time

> 2B/2C hysteresis


> 2B/2C event trigger
delay time

Handover
Trigger

Measurement
Phase

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Decision
Phase

Page 99

Execution
Handover

Inter-RAT Handover

HO Triggers

Measurement

Inter-RAT HO triggered

1. Based on Coverage

1. CM measurement

1. Coverage based

needed

3A Event Reporting:

> UE Event 2D/2F Report

> Event Reporting


2. Based on Load
> LDR Module Report

2D start CM
2F stop CM
3A based on

3. Based on Service
> When a service is

> Periodical Meas.

Periodically Reporting:
> Signal quality of target cell
meet requirement
> Keep Time to Trigger

Reporting

established
> Service HO properties

> Received 3A Event

The RNC initiates a


handover procedure.

2/3. HO to cells in 3C
2/3. Use 3C Event

Event Report By UE

Reporting.

Handover
Trigger

Measurement
Phase

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Decision
Phase

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Page 100

Execution
Handover

Inter-RAT Handover Key Parameters

Event 2D

Event 3A

> Inter-RAT report mode

> Inter-RAT CS/PS measure

> Inter-RAT CS/PS Used

> 3A Measure Quantity

start Ec/No THD


Event 2F
> Inter-RAT CS/PS measure

frequency trigger Ec/No

> Inter-RAT period report interval

THD (or RSCP)

> BSIC verify switch

> Inter-RAT CS/PS


handover decision THD

stop Ec/No THD


* Thresholds also for RSCP

> 2D/2F hysteresis


> 2D/2F event trigger delay
time

For Periodical reporting mode


> Time to trigger for verified GSM cell

Event 3C

> Time to trigger for non-verified GSM cell

> Inter-RAT CS/PS


handover decision THD

> Inter-RAT CS/PS handover decision THD


> Inter-RAT hysteresis

> 3A/3C hysteresis


> 3A/3C event trigger
delay time

Handover
Trigger

Measurement
Phase

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Decision
Phase

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Execution
Handover

Packet Scheduling
Adaptive Multiple Rate Control
Power Control
Load Control
Mobility
HSDPA

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Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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Page 103

Configuration and Capacity


n Each cell can support R99, HSDPA or R99+HSDPA.
n The max codes for HS-PDSCH per cell can be be up to 15 and max TB
size can be up to 27952 in RAN 5.0.
n Support 16 simultaneous HSDPA users per cell in RAN 5.0, and 64
simultaneous HSDPA users per cell by RAN 6.0.

R99/HSDPA/R99+HSDPA
Max 15 HS-PDSCH codes
per cell
Max TBsize 27952
Max 4 HS-SCCHs per cell
16 HSDPA users per cell

64 HSDPA users per cell

RAN 5.0

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RAN 6.0

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Page 104

Features Roadmap

Interactive / Background mapping


on HS-DSCH
Dynamic / static power allocation
Static code allocation
Basic admission control
Pre-emption / queuing
Channel switch (based on traffic
volume or mobility)
MAC-hs scheduling (MAX C/I, RR,
PF)
Iub flow control
HS-DSCH cell change / intra or
inter- frequency HHO / inter-RAT
HO

Streaming services
mapping on HS-DSCH
GBR configuration for BE
services
RNC controlled dynamic
code allocation
GBR based admission
control
Channel switch (based on
periodical timer)
Enhanced MAC-hs
scheduling (EPF)
HS-SCCH power control
based on CQI
HSDPA congestion control

NodeB
controlled
dynamic code
allocation
HSDPA load
reshuffling

VoIP over

HSDPA
HSDPA over
Iur
F-DPCH with
SRB mapped
on HSDPA

RAN 5.0

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RAN 5.1

HUAWEI Confidential

RAN 6.0

Page 105

RAN 7.0

HSDPA Key Techniques - Overview

AMC

SF16, 2ms and CDM/TDM

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Fast Scheduling

HARQHybrid ARQ

16QAM

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3 New Physical Channels

Page 106

Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 107

HSDPA Channel Mapping


n Interactive, Background and Streaming service could be mapped onto HS-DSCH.
n The bit rate thresholds are used.
RABs with maximum bit rate higher than or equal to the threshold will be mapped
onto HS-DSCH.
The bit rate thresholds (DL streaming threshold on HSDPA , DL BE traffic threshold
on HSDPA) are OM configurable.

n One switch (PS_STREAMING_ON_HSDPA_SWITCH) is available for operator to


disable the mapping of streaming service onto HS-DSCH.

RB on FACH

Interactive
Background

RB on DCH

mapping

Streaming

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RB on HS-DSCH

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Page 108

HSDPA Channel Switching


l Channel type switching and state transition
CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) CELL_FACH based on user activity
CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) CELL_DCH (without HS-DSCH)

n Trigged by mobility
n Triggered by TVM
n Triggered by timer

CELL_DCH(HS-DSCH))

n Based on user activity (TVM)

CELL_DCH

CELL_PCH

CELL_FACH
URA_PCH

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Parameters for HSDPA Channel Switching


l Channel Switching between HS-DSCH and FACH
SET UESTATETRANS
BE HS-DSCH to FACH 4B threshold
BE HS-DSCH to FACH 4B time to trigger
BE HS-DSCH to FACH 4B Pending Time
BE HS-DSCH to FACH transition timer
-- This parameter is used to detect the stability of a UE in low activity state in
CELL_DCH (with HS-DSCH) state.

l Channel Switching between HS-DSCH and DCH


SET COIFTIMER
H Retry TimerLength
-- Length of retry timer for periodical attempts to map the service onto the
HS-DSCH.

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Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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Page 111

HSDPA Power Allocation


SET MACHSPARA

Dynamic power allocation


l DPCHs have the preferential right to

Power Margin

occupy the power


l Node B can use all the remaining power
for HSDPA
l The minimum available part for HSDPA

Power margin for DCH


power control

can be guaranteed
l A configurable margin is used to keep
the system in stable status

Time
Higher
power utility
efficiency

Total Power
Allowed power for HSDPA

DPCH
Power for CCH
Time

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HSDPA Power Control


ADD CELLHSDPCCH

HS-DPCCH Power Control


l By setting power offsets between HS-DPCCH

ACKPO, NACKPO, CQIPO

and associated DPCCH for ACK, NACK and CQI


l Different PO values are used for soft handover

SET MACHSPARA
SCCHPWRCM

HS-SCCH Power Control


l Fixed power control
l Based on CQI

HS-PDSCH Power Control


l Allocated by scheduler

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HSDPA Code Allocation (1)


l Static Code Allocation
Simple but robust
The code allocation for HSSCCHs and HS-PDSCHs is
static. It is configurable
Low code utilization efficiency

ADD CELLHSDPA
HS-PDSCH Code Num
--- This parameter sets the number of
HS-PDSCH codes available in a cell.

SF=8
0
SF=4
0

1
2

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

SF=256
SF=128 C(256,0): PCPICH
0
SF=64
C(256,1): PCCPCH
0

C(256,2): AICH

1
SF=32
C(256,3): PICH
0

SF=16
C(64,1):SCCPCH 1
0

C(64,2):SCCPCH 2

C(128,6):HS-SCCH 1

3
1

C(128,7):HS-SCCH 2

SF=16
C(16,14):HS-PDSCH 2

C(16,15):HS-PDSCH 1

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 114

CCH
HSDPA
DCH

HSDPA Code Allocation (2)


l RNC-Controlled Dynamic Allocation
RNC will continuously monitor the usage of OVSF
codes for DPCH channels
Via RNC reconfiguration procedure
Better code utilization efficiency
0

Codes
for CCH
and HSSCCH

Shared codes
6

Reserved codes for DPCH

10

11

12

13

14

15

SF=16

Minimum reserved codes for HSDPA


Maximum available codes for HSDPA

ADD CELLHSDPA
SF=16
Maximum Number of HSPDSCH Codes
-- The maximum number of

.
Re-allocated to HSDPA if the codes used by the established
DPCHs are much less than the codes available

HS-PDSCH codes available in


a cell
Minimum Number of HSPDSCH Codes
-- The minimum number of

SF=16
It will be called back by DPCHs through reconfiguring
the codes for HSDPA if the codes are almost used up by
DPCH channels

HS-PDSCH codes available in


a cell
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Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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Page 116

Downlink Power Admission Control of HSDPA cell


New Measurements for HSDPA cell
- Transmitted Carrier Power of all codes not used for HS-DSCH transmission:
Pnon-hspa

- HS-DSCH GBR required Power: GBP

Load estimation of new HSDPA service


- Predicted HS-DSCH required power increase for Steaming service: Ppre-strm
- Predicted HS-DSCH required power increase for BE service: Ppre-BE
Power resource admission check of HSDPA service in HSDPA cell
Power resource admission check of R99 service in HSDPA cell

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Dynamic Power Management - Overview


P Max

P max Thrtotalcac

GBP

P max hsdpa

P max Thrnon hspa cac


P non-hspda

Relative Parameters
Admission threshold for R99 power (Thrnon-hspa-cac)
Admission threshold for cell total load(Thrtotal-cac)
Admission threshold for HSDPA maximum power (Pmax-hspa)

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GBR Consideration in Power Admission Check - DCH


n DCH service access:
A

B
C

(A and B) or (A and C) is true, then CAC is OK.

Pnon hspa + Ppre < Pmax Thrnon hspa cac


Ptotal + Ppre < Pmax Thrtotalcac
( Pnon hspa + min(GBPBE + GBPstrm , Pmax hspa ) + Ppre ) < Pmax Thrtotal cac

P Max

P max Thrtotal cac


P max hsdpa

GBP

P max Thrnon hspa cac

P non-hspda

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Example DCH Access - Accept


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac= 80%
Ptotal=90%, low HSDPA load (GBP=30%), low R99 load (30%)
P Max

P max Thrtotal cac

P max Thrnon hspa cac


P (10%)

HSDPA
(Currently consumed power =60%, GBP=30%)

R99
(Currently consumed power =30%)

TRUE !

Pnon hspa + Ppre < Pmax Thrnon hspa cac


30%

False !

80%

Ptotal + Ppre < Pmax Thrtotalcac


30%

TRUE !

10%

60%

10%

90%

( Pnon hspa + min(GBPBE + GBPstrm , Pmax hspa ) + Ppre ) < Pmax Thrtotal cac
30%

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30%

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90%

10%
Page 120

Example DCH Access - Reject


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac=80%
Low R99 load (30%), high H GBR load (55%), new R99 call accesses
P Max

P max Thrtotal cac

P (10%)

P max Thrnon hspa cac

HSDPA
(Currently consumed power =60%,
GBP=55%)
R99
(Currently consumed power = 30%)

TRUE !

Pnon hspa + Ppre < Pmax Thrnon hspa cac


30%

False !

80%

Ptotal + Ppre < Pmax Thrtotalcac


30%

False !

10%

60%

10%

90%

( Pnon hspa + min(GBPBE + GBPstrm , Pmax hspa ) + Ppre ) < Pmax Thrtotal cac
30%

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55%

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90%

10%
Page 121

Example DCH Access Accept or Reject ?


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac=80%
High R99 load (75% or 60%), low H GBR load (15%), new R99 call accesses
P Max

P max Thrtotal cac

P (10%)

P max Thrnon hspa cac

HSDPA GBP = 15%

R99

Pnon hspa + Ppre < Pmax Thrnon hspa cac


60%

80%

60%

15%

10%

Pnon hspa + Ppre < Pmax Thrnon hspa cac


75%

Ptotal + Ppre < Pmax Thrtotalcac

10%

10%

90%

( Pnon hspa + min(GBPBE + GBPstrm , Pmax hspa ) + Ppre ) < Pmax Thrtotal cac
60%

15%

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100%

10%

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90%

Page 122

80%

GBR Consideration in Power Admission Check - HSDPA


n HSDPA service access:

(A and B) or (A and C) is true, then CAC is OK.

GBP strm + GBP BE + Ppre < Pmax hspa

P total + P pre < P max Thr

( Pnon hspa + GBP strm + GBP BE + P pre ) < Pmax Thr total cac

total cac

P Max

P max Thrtotal cac


P max hsdpa

GBP

P max Thrnon hspa cac

P
P non-hspda

** B is not applied to BE service in RAN 5.1.


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Example HSDPA Access Accept


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac=80%
Low H load (30%), low R99 load (30%), new H call accesses
P Max
P max Thr total cac

P max Thr non hspa cac

P (15%)
HSDPA
Currently consumed power = 30%,
GBP=20%
R99
Currently consumed power = 30%

(A and B) or (A and C) is true


TRUE !

TRUE !

TRUE !

GBP strm + GBP BE + Ppre < Pmax hspa


20%

15%

P total + P pre < P max Thr


30%

30%

15%

100%
total cac

90%

( Pnon hspa + GBP strm + GBP BE + P pre strm ) < Pmax Thr total
30%

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20%

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90%

15%

Page 124

cac

Example HSDPA Access Reject (1)


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac=80%
Low R99 load (30%), high H GBR load (55%), new H call accesses
P Max

P max Thr total cac

P (15%)

P max Thr non hspa cac


HSDPA
Currently consumed power = 60%,
GBP=55%

R99
Currently consumed power = 30%

A is true, but B or C is false


TRUE !
False !

GBP strm + GBP BE + Ppre < Pmax hspa


55%

P total + P pre < P max Thr


60%

False !

15%

30%

15%

100%
total cac

90%

( Pnon hspa + GBP strm + GBP BE + P pre strm ) < Pmax Thr total
30%

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55%

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90%

15%

Page 125

cac

Example HSDPA Access Reject (2)


Suppose that:
Pmax=Pmax-hspa; Thrtotal-cac=90%; Thrnon-hspa-cac=80%
High R99 load (70%), low H GBR load (15%), new H call accesses
P Max

P max Thr total cac


P max Thr

P (15%)

non hspa cac

H GBR

R99

A is true, but B or C is false


TRUE !

GBP strm + GBP BE + Ppre < Pmax hspa


15%

False !

P total + P pre < P max Thr


15%

False !

15%

70%

15%

100%
total cac

90%

( Pnon hspa + GBP strm + GBP BE + P pre strm ) < Pmax Thr total
70%

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15%

HUAWEI Confidential

90%

15%

Page 126

cac

Conclusions Downlink Power Admission for HSDPA Cell


n
n
n
n

GBR is introduced to HSDPA I/B services.


ARP is considered when setting GBR.
Power is shared between HSDPA and R99.
Maximum power limitation is available for R99 and HSPDA
respectively.
n HSDPA power is guaranteed for the pre-defined GBR.

HSDPA is not
best effort !

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Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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Page 128

HSDPA Scheduling Algorithm


SET MACHSPARA

EPF

Scheduling Method

lX GBR services are scheduled with PF algorithm


lY GBR services are scheduled according to priority
lZ All services are scheduled with PF algorithm

Scheduling Algorithm:
lRR (Round Robin)
lMAXCI (Max C/I)
lPF (Proportional Fair)

Scheduling
Scheduling
Scheduling
Scheduling
algorithm period algorithm period algorithm period algorithm period

lEPF (Enhanced PF)

Time

GBR service
scheduled with PF(X)

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GBR service
All service
forcibly scheduled (Y) scheduled with PF(Z)

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Page 129

X, Y, and Z Time Segments of Scheduling Algorithm Period

X time segment: GBR service:

Pr iority =

Ri _ max (t )
ri (t )

(traditional PF algorithm)

Y time segment: GBR services not meeting the GBR requirements Pr iority = SPI
Larger SPI indicates higher priority.
GBR services with the same SPI can use the RR, MAXC/I, or PF algorithm.
Z time segment: all services including GBR ones that meet GBR requirements Pr iority =

Ri _ max (t )
ri (t )

SPI

(PF*algorithm)
Note*: SPI
1.

2.

priority proportion coefficient that corresponds to SPI value

In X time segment, cell throughput is enhanced, which requires a larger segment size.
When some GBR services cannot meet the GBR requirements, you must reduce the size
of X time segment to enlarge Y segment, thus ensuring GBR services.
The sizes of the X, Y, and Z time segments can be dynamically changed to increase cell
throughput with guaranteed GBR.

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HSDPA EPF Scheduling Algorithm Performance


Scheduling
algorithm period

EPF

Scheduling
algorithm period

Scheduling
algorithm period

Scheduling
algorithm period

l X GBR services are scheduled with PF


Time

algorithm
l Y GBR services are scheduled
according to SPI
l Z All services are scheduled with PF

GBR service
scheduled with PF (X)

GBR service
forcibly scheduled (Y)

All service
scheduled with PF(Z)

algorithm

Ratio of user whose GBR


is satisfied

Enhanced PF

MAXCI

RR

Classic PF

1
0.9
0.8
0.7
0.6
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0

32kbps

64kbps

128kbps 256kbps 384kbps

GBR configured

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Page 131

Power Resource Limiting Ratio in Scheduling


Purpose
To settle the issue: The throughput of non GBR services is quite low due to power resources overoccupied by GBR services when the channel conditions are bad, and the power resource efficiency
becomes lower.

Example
1. There are three users accessing the HSDPA BE service and two users accessing the HSDPA
streaming service at 90 kbps. The CQIs of the five users are 18, 15, 6, 12, and 10.
2. During congestion, each HSDPA user uses 12% power at most.

In this situation, the data rate of the third user can be increased from 20 kbps to (40 to
50) kbps at most. Otherwise, the impact on the cell throughput and the experience of
the other users in the cell will be large.

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CQI Correction
Factors affecting accuracy of CQI:
Channel environment
Measurement accuracy of UE

SET MACHSPARA
Initial BLER
-- [1,50]percent

CQI correction
Node B corrects the CQI according to the target initial
BLER and actual data transmission
Improvement of throughput and downlink load

10
10
99
88
77
66
55
44
33
22
11
00

Downlink
Downlink Load
Load
70.00%
70.00%
60.00%
60.00%

57.50%
57.50%

50.00%
50.00%
4.638
4.638

40.00%
40.00%

4.64
4.64
30%
30%

30.00%
30.00%
20.00%
20.00%
10.00%
10.00%
0.00%
0.00%

CQAC
CQAC Closed
Closed

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

CQAC
CQAC Open
Open

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Page 133

Downlink Load
Load
Downlink

Mac throughput(Mbps)
throughput(Mbps)
Mac

MAC
MAC throughput(Mbps)
throughput(Mbps)

Extend CQI Mapping Table


Extend CQI mapping table than that specified in 25.214
Improve the resource usage
Improve the throughput
Example: Extended CQI mapping table for UE category 10
CQI value

Transport Block
Size

Number of
HS-PDSCH

Modulation

Reference power
adjustment

21

6554

16-QAM

22

7168

16-QAM

23

7564

16-QAM

23

8574

16-QAM

23

9719

16-QAM

16-QAM

30

25558

15

16-QAM

31

26020

15

16-QAM

32

26490

15

16-QAM

33

26969

15

16-QAM

34

27952

15

16-QAM

Table1 : Extended CQI mapping table for UE category 10 -Partial


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HUAWEI Confidential

CQI =23, Number=5,


TB size=7564, about 5.5%
higher than 7168

CQI=34, Number=15
TB size=27952, about 9.4%
higher than 25558

Page 134

Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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HSDPA Flow Control Overview


Why ?
n Balance the data flow between Iub and Uu
n Achieve high bandwidth utilization efficiency, maximize the cell
throughput
n Decrease data transmission delay, avoid data discard and
retransmission due to congestion

Functions
n Response to a HS-DSCH Capacity Request, to indicate the number of
MAC-d PDUs that the RNC is allowed to transmit for each CmCH-PI of
each UE in the specified interval.
n Modify the capacity and control the user data flow according to the
MAC-hs queue buffer size.
Uu

Node B

Iub

RNC

CN

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HSDPA Flow Control Procedure over Iub


nQueue based flow control
- Avoid overflow in queue buffer
- Quick data transmission over Iub

nIub utilization based flow control


- Allocate capacity considering available Iub
bandwidth
- Avoid data loss over Iub

RNC

NodeB
ATM Subsystem

HSDPA

queue

AAL2
Entity

MAC-d Entity

ATM
Mux.
HSDPA

queue

AAL2
Entity

Iub bandwidth

MAC-d Entity

Capacity allocation
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MAC_hs Flow Control Step1: Available Iub Bandwidth for HSDPA


In RAN5.1, available Iub bandwidth for HSDPA is calculated in NodeB :
BW_H =Min { (BW_Total - BW

R99),

BW_H_AAL2Path }

BWR99 is the R99 Radio Bearer admitted transmission bandwidth CAC Iub bandwidth.

BW

Scenario 2:
R99 service throughput >
R99 CAC admitted BW

Total AAL2 BW T

BWHSDPA
RL SET/RL RECONFIG

BWR99

Scenario 1:
R99 service throughput <
R99 CAC admitted BW

time

Scenario 1 (larger R99 AF): Waste Iub bandwidth


Scenario 2 (Samll R99 AF): Overbook bandwidth, Iub will be congest

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MAC_hs Flow Control Step 2 Allocate the H Iub bandwidth


among HSDPA users
1. HSDPA scheduler calculates each users air throughput and air capacity*

2. Based on each users air throughput, MAC_hs buffer occupation, RLC buffer
occupation, MAC_hs calculates each users requirement for Iub bandwidth

3. Allocate the Iub bandwidth to each HSDPA user


If Iub is limited, bandwidth for each user will scale down with same ratio after each users
guaranteed.

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GBR is

Overview
Channel Type Mapping
Power and Code Management
Power Admission Control
Scheduling
Flow Control
Mobility Management

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HSDPA Mobility Management (1)


n Handover between HSDPA and R99 cells
Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(R99)

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(R99)

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(R99)

before handover
before handover

Cell 2(R99)

before handover

Cell 2(R99)

after handover

after handover

Soft handover
The 1b (remove) is triggered
by HSDPA cell

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Inter-frequency handover
2B is triggered by R99 cell

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(R99)

Cell 2(R99)

before handover

after handover

Inter-frequency handover
The 2B event is triggered by
HSDPA cell

Soft handover
HSDPA cell is added into active set
The 1d event is triggered by HSDPA cell

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Cell 1(HSDPA)

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Page 141

Cell 1(HSDPA)

after handover

Cell 2(R99)

HSDPA Mobility Management (2)


n Handover between HSDPA cell and HSDPA cell
Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(HSDPA)

Cell 1(HSDPA)

SET HOCOMM

Cell 2(HSDPA)

HSDPA hysteresis timer length


-- After event 1D triggers HSDPA handover, this
timer is started. Then, event 1D will not trigger
HSDPA handover any more before expiry of this
before handover

after handover

timer.

The 1d event is triggered by


cell 2

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(HSDPA)

before handover

Cell 1(HSDPA)

Cell 2(HSDPA)

Cell 1(HSDPA) Cell 2(HSDPA)

before handover

after handover

Inter-frequency handover
2B is triggered by HSDPA cell
(cell2)

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Cell 1(HSDPA)

after handover

HSDPA serving cell is deleted


and the remaining cell supports
HSDPA

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Page 142

Cell 2(HSDPA)

HSDPA Mobility Management (3)


l Handover between HSDPA cell and GSM/GPRS cell
Coverage based
Service based

l Direct Retry

HSDPS request is initiated in the R99 cell


Traffic volume increases
Timer
Access to the original HSDPA cell is rejected
Cell a(f1,HSDPA)

Cell a(f1,HSDPA)

Cell b(f2, R99)

Cell b(f2, R99)

UE initiates
HSDPA service
request from cell b
After DRD, UE
HSDPA service
are set on cell a

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Thank You

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 144

Mar 2007

Huawei RAN 6.0 Features


www.huawei.com

Node B Products of Huawei


Apr. 2006
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HSUPA (specific topic)


HSDPA Enhanced Features
AMRC-WB
MBMS
Load Control Enhancement

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Page 2

HSDPA Enhanced Features


NodeB-controlled Dynamic Code Allocation
Flow Control

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Page 3

NodeB-controlled Dynamic Code Allocation


The minimum number of codes for HSDPA is configurable
Reconfiguration procedure is not needed
Making full use of the whole code tree

Codes for
CCH and
HS-SCCH

Available codes for DPCH

10

11

12

13

14

15

SF=16

Reserved codes for HSDPA


SF=16

.
Node B enlarges the allocated codes for HSDPA temporally
due to HSDPA data transmission if the adjacent code is free
SF=16

ADD CELLHSDPA

Node B will release the code temporally occupied by HSDPA


when it is allocated to DPCH by RNC

Code Number for HS-PDSCH

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Page 4

Available Iub Bandwidth for HSDPA in RAN 5.1


Available Iub bandwidth for HSDPA at Iub interface level:

BW_Avlb HSDPA = Min


{ T - BW R 99 i
, ( H _ RT _ PATH HSDPA + H _ NRT _ PATH HSDPA )}
i

BWR99i is the R99 Radio Bearer admitted transmission bandwidth.

BW

BWHSDPA

BWR99

Scenario 1:
R99 throughput < CAC
admitted BW

Total AAL2 BW T

Scenario 2:
R99 throughput >
CAC admitted BW

time

Scenario 1: Waste Iub bandwidth.


Scenario 2: Overbook bandwidth.
To avoid Iub congestion, HSDPA flow maps to lower priority PATH, and overbook function be enabled
to avoid congestion.
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Page 5

Adaptive Adjustment of Available Iub bandwidth for HSDPA


Detect Iub congestion state based on packet transmission delay (FrameDiscard
RateThreshold ) and packet loss (DlTrDelayJitterThldBase).
None congestion: Increase HSDPA available BW.
Congestion: Decrease HSDPA available BW.

Start

Transmission Delay
and Packet Loss
Detection

Delay Increasing
Or Packet loss

N
Increase the
bandwidth of HSDPA

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Page 6

Decrease the
bandwidth of HSDPA

Simulation Result 1 of HSDPA Flow Control in RAN6.0


Simulation Result 1
Total HSDPA Description
efficient throughout in RLC
Scenario
layer

Total HSDPA efficient throughout in RLC layer (kbps)

Iub PATH priority: R99 PATH > HSDPA PATH


GREEN: Iub congestion detection switch on

Activation
factor
of R99 detection
BE service
in Iub
BLUE: Iub
congestion
switch
off CAC is
100%;
Actual activation factor of R99 BE service is 50%;
Traffic model of HSDPA user: FTP download a large
file, such as 50MBytes.

Total R99 efficient throughout in RLC layer

Total R99 efficient throughout in RLC layer (kbps)


RED: Iub congestion detection switch on.
LIGHT BLUE: Iub congestion detection switch off

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Page 7

Simulation Result 2 of HSDPA Flow Control in RAN6.0


Simulation Result 2
Scenario Description
IUB PATH priority: R99 PATH > HSDPA PATH
Activation factor of R99 BE service in Iub CAC is 50%;
Actual activation factor of R99 BE service is 100%;
Traffic model of HSDPA user: FTP download a large file, such as 50MBytes.
Iub transport configuration: 1*E1
R99 traffic: 1128kbps + 1 384kbps
The RLC rate downsizing algorithm based on RLC retransmission rate is switched off.

Iub Congestion Detection Algorithm

HSDPA Efficient throughput in

Iub transport efficiency (%)

RLC layer (kbps)

Switch on

970.5

93.0

Switch off

380.1

36.4

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Page 8

HSUPA
HSDPA Enhanced Features
AMRC-WB
MBMS
Load Control Enhancement

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Page 9

AMR-WB Summary

AMR-WB is
introduced in R5
AMR-NB

AMR-WB

Frequency Band

1003400 Hz

507000 Hz

Sampling Frequency

8k Hz

16k Hz

Coding Types

FR AMR, HR AMR, UMTS AMR, UMTS AMR2, OHR AMR

Application

telephone communication

FR AMR-WB, UMTS AMR-WB, OFR AMRWB, OHR AMR-W


conference call, video conference

AMR-NB Frames

AMR-WB Frames

Rate Mode

Total Number of Bits

Class A

Class B

Class C

Rate Mode

Total Number of Bits

Class A

Class B

Class C

12.2

244

81

103

60

23.85

477

72

405

10.2

204

65

99

40

23.05

461

72

389

7.95

159

75

84

19.85

397

72

325

7.4

148

61

87

18.25

365

72

293

6.7

134

58

76

15.85

317

72

245

5.9

118

55

63

14.25

285

72

213

5.15

103

49

54

12.65

253

72

181

177

64

113

4.75

95

42

53

8.85

SID(1.8)

39

39

6.60

132

54

78

No Data(0)

SID(1.75)

35

35

No Data(0)

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Page 10

AMRC-WB Feature

Support AMR-WB services and multi-RABs including AMR-WB.

TFO/TrFO

Support AMRC for AMR-WB services


UL AMRC-WB based on UE transmitted power
DL AMRC-WB based on transmitted code power
UL/DL AMB-WB rate mode downgrade due to Iub transmission resource limitation
UL/DL AMB-WB rate mode downgrade due to power limitation

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Page 11

UL AMRC-WB Based On UE Transmitted Power


UE max Tx power
UE Tx power

SET AMRCWB

Delta_6A1

Tx power
threshold 6A1

UL 6A1 event relative threshold


Delta_6B1

Tx power
threshold 6B1

Delta_6A2

UL 6B1 event relative threshold


UL 6A2 event relative threshold

Delta_6B2

UL 6B2 event relative threshold

Tx power
threshold 6A2

Trigger time 6A1

Tx power
threshold 6B2

Trigger time 6A2

Trigger time 6B1


Trigger time 6B2
Reporting
event 6A1

Reporting
event 6B1

Reporting
event 6B2

ReportingTime
event 6A2
Trigger time
Reporting event

Permitted Highest AMR-WB


Codec Mode

Event

Ul_Rate_adjust_timer

6A1

Start

6B1

Stop

6A2

Stop

6B2

Start

: represent decrease the permitted maximum codec mode


: represent increase the permitted maximum codec mode
: represent remain the current permitted maximum codec mode

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Page 12

DL AMRC-WB Based On Transmitted Code Power


M axim um D L
D P D C H P ow er

DL DPDCH
Tx P o w er
D elta _E 1

D elta _E 2

D e lta_ F 2

D elta _F 1

Tx P o w er
thresh old E 1
Tx P o w er
thresh old E 2

SET AMRCWB
DL E1 event relative threshold

Tx P o w er
th re sho ld F 2

DL E2 event relative threshold

Tx P o w er
th re sho ld F 1

DL F2 event relative threshold

DL F1 event relative threshold

Tim e
R a te -D ow n

R a te_ U p

N o rm al

DPDCH Power

Normal

DL measurement reporting period

N o rm al

Rate_Down

Rate_Up

DPDCH power > E1

E2 < DPDCH power E1

F2 DPDCH power E2

F1 DPDCH power < F2

DPDCH power < F1

: represents the decrease in the permitted maximum codec mode.


: represents the increase in the permitted maximum codec mode.
: represents that the current permitted maximum codec mode is kept.
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Page 13

AMRC-WB Parameters Structure


RNC
RadioClass

GlobalParaClass

CellClass

FRC.Class

CELLFRC.Class

AMRCWB.Class

CELLAMRCWB.Class

DL E1 event relative threshold

DL measurement reporting period

DL E2 event relative threshold

Trigger time 6A1

DL F1 event relative threshold

Trigger time 6B1

DL F2 event relative threshold

Trigger time 6A2

UL 6A1 event relative threshold

Trigger time 6B2

UL 6B1 event relative threshold

UL AMRC timer length

UL 6A2 event relative threshold

CELLFRC.Class

UL 6B2 event relative threshold

Allowing Code Resource Saving Mode indication

Default Initial AMR Narrowband mode

DL AMR-NB Code-Resource-Saving switch

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Page 14

HSUPA
HSDPA Enhanced Features
AMRC-WB
MBMS
Load Control Enhancement

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Page 15

MBMS Standard Evolution


MBMS (Multimedia Broadcast/Multicast Service) is a point-to-multipoint
service, a broadcast & multicast capability over 3G network.
MBMS is realised by the addition of a number of new capabilities to existing functional entities of
the 3GPP architecture and by addition of a number of new functional entities. -- 3GPP TS 23.246

MBMS is an end to end solution: CN, RAN and UE


MBMS is an evolving technology.

3GPP MBMS
Work Item
Introduction

Kickoff for
3GPP MBMS

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MBMS
Broadcast

MBMS
Enhanced
Broadcast

HUAWEI Confidential

MBMS
Multicast

Page 16

MBMS
LTE

MBMS RAN Key Features

MBMS RAN Key Features:


Channel Structure
Protocol Entities
Counting &
PtP / PtM
Macro Diversity

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Add 3 logical channels mapped to FACH


Add 1 physical channel
Add MAC-m architecture
Get user number interested in a given MBMS service
Determine the optimum transmission mechanism for a
given MBMS service
Selective Combining
Soft Combining

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Page 17

RAN: Channel Structure


RAN 6.0

RAN 6.0
RAN 6.0

MCCH

used for a p-t-m downlink transmission of control plane information


(for MBMS control data)

MSCH

used for a p-t-m downlink transmission of MBMS service transmission schedule (for MBMS
schedule data)

MTCH

used for a p-t-m downlink transmission of user plane information


(for MBMS user data)

MICH

indicating the changes of MBMS control signaling on MCCH


(Indication of MCCH modification)

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Page 18

RAN: Soft / Selective Combining


Selective Combining
CELL1

RAN 6.0

Soft Combining

CELL2

CELL1

RAN 6.0

CELL2

RAKE combining

RAKE combining

RAKE combining

RAKE combining

TrCH de-multiplex

TrCH de-multiplex

TrCH de-multiplex

TrCH de-multiplex

Channel decoding

Channel decoding
LLR combining

UM RLC
Channel decoding

Selective Combining

High layer

UM RLC

UE

UE

High layer

Selective combining: gaining 3 dB compared to no combining


Soft combining: gaining 5 dB compared to no combining, high level synchronization
required

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Page 19

Broadcast and Multicast

RAN 6.0

Subscription
Service announcement
Joining

Service announcement
Session Start

Session start
MBMS notification

MBMS notification

Data transfer

Data transfer
Session Stop

Session Stop

Leaving

Broadcast

Charge per day/week/month


short channel switch delay

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Multicast

Support Charge-on-view time


Longer channel switch delay

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 20

Huawei MBMS Roadmap


MBMS over LTE
MBMS over LTE

Multicast
Multicast
MBMS over HSPA ( PtM)
MBMS over HSPA ( PtM)
MBMS over dedicated carrier
MBMS over dedicated carrier

Enhanced Broadcast
Broadcast
Enhanced

Capacity: 64 session/RNC; 4 x256kbps/ 8x128 kbps/ 16 x 64kbps channels per cell


Capacity: 64 session/RNC; 4 x256kbps/ 8x128 kbps/ 16 x 64kbps channels per cell
Enhanced broadcast
Enhanced broadcast
MSCH Supported
MSCH Supported
MBMS over HSDPA (PtP)
MBMS over HSDPA (PtP)
Iub transmission share
Iub transmission share
Uu Code and power share
Uu Code and power share
Compatible with CMB (enhanced broad & multi-cast)
Compatible with CMB (enhanced broad & multi-cast)

Broadcast(For
(Fortrial)
trial)
Broadcast
Capacity:2 2x x256kbps/
256kbps/ 4x128 kbps/ 8x 64kbps channels per cell
Capacity:
4x128 kbps/ 8x 64kbps channels per cell
Broadcast
Broadcast
Compatiblewith
withCMB
CMB(broadcast)
(broadcast)
Compatible

2007
2007

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

2008
2008
2008

2009
2009

HUAWEI Confidential

2010
2010

Page 21

Load Control Enhancement


Call Admission Check
Intelligent Access Control
Load Reshuffling
Service Differentiation Enhancement

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Page 22

Power Resource Admission Check


Type

Algorithm

DCH

UL/DL algorithm1

HSDPA

BE

Streaming

Remark

RAN5.1

RAN6.0

Based on power or interference


(prediction)

UL/DL algorithm2

Based on the equivalent number of users

UL/DL algorithm3

Based on power or interference (without


prediction)

User number check

Control the user number mapped on HSDSCH

PBR admission check

Check the aggregated BE traffic provided


bit rate

Power usage check

Check the power usage for HSDPA BE

User number check

Control the user number mapped on HSDSCH

Check the aggregated Streaming traffic


provided bit rate

Power usage check

Check the power usage for HSDPA


Streaming

User number check

Control the user number mapped on EDCH

UL algorithm2

Based on the equivalent number of users

DL algorithm1

Based on power (prediction)

PBR admission check

HSUPA

MBMS

Support downgrading
power for admission

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Page 23

HSUPA Admission Check Procedure


l User number admission check

ADD NODEBALGOPARA

l ENU admission check


l Iub transmission resource admission check

NodeB Max Hsupa User Number

l NodeB credit resource admission check

ADD CELLCAC
Maximum HSUPA user number
UL threshold of Conv AMR service

HSUPA access request

UL threshold of Conv non_AMR service


UL threshold of other services
Get the total ENU of all
existing users.

ENU total =

Calculate the increment of the


new incoming HSUPA user

ENU new

Forecast the ENU load

Compare the forecast ENU


load with the theshold

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ENUi

all _ exist _ user

UL Handover access threshold


Dl HSUPA reserved factor

E-DPCCH Ec/No and E-DPDCH


Ec/No are calculated based on
DPCCH Ec/No

ENUtotal + ENUnew
ENU max

( Ec / N 0 ) HSUPA

HUAWEI Confidential

ec2 + ed2
( Ec / N 0 ) DPCH
= 2
2
c + d
Page 24

MBMS Admission Check Procedure


l Power resource admission check
l Code resource admission check
l Iub transmission resource admission check
l NodeB credit resource admission check
Mechanism of downgrading power for MBMS
admission:
For a high priority MBMS service, the needed power is the maximum
transmit power of FACH. DL threshold of other services is used
for comparison.
ADD CELLLDR

Pnon HSPA + Pmbms , max < Thd other Pmax

MBMS descend power RAB priority


threshold

For a low priority MBMS service, the needed power is the maximum
transmit power of FACH. LDR threshold is used for comparison.
If the admission check fails, the needed power is reduced to the
minimum power of FACH.

Pnon HSPA + Pmbms , max < Thd ldr Pmax


Pnon HSPA + Pmbms , min < Thd ldr Pmax
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Page 25

Intelligent Access Control


RRC connection processing
RRC connection
request

Admission
algorithm

Failed

Failed

DRD

Redirection

Succeeded Succeeded

Iu Qos Negotiation
algorithm switch
UE capability

Scenario
RAB establishment
RAB modification
Inbound relocation
Rate
reconfiguration
hard handover
DCCC
algorithm switch
Cell load
information list LIT
LDM

CRM

RAB processing
Rate
negotiation

Admission
algorithm

PS domain:
maximum rate
negotiation

Load admission

PS and CS
domains:
initial rate
negotiation

Succe
eded

Failed
Preemption

Code resource
admission
Failed

Succeeded
Succeeded

Iub resource
admission

PS domain BE
service:
target rate
negotiation

Failed or not
supported
Queuing
Succeeded

Failed or not
supported
DRD

Credit resource
admission

Succeeded

Failed

Others
Service request
denied

Service request
admitted

Iu QoS Negotiation

RAB Downsizing

Preemption

Queuing

DRD

DCH service

HSDPA service

HSUPA service

MBMS service
Triggered by admission
check failure due to the
limitation of EUN, user
number and Iub
transmission

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Triggered by admission
check failure due to the
limitation of power, code and
credit resource
Page 26

Load Reshuffling
Power
Resources

Iub Transmission
Resources

NodeB Credit
Resources

Code Resources

EUN
Monitoring load, trigger
the actions
corresponding to basic
congestion

Load Reshuffling (LDR)


Service Quality
Unchange

Service Quality
Downgrade

Handover

RAN-CN
Renegotiation

Downsizing

CS

AMRC
IF
HO

Code
Reshuffling

IRAT
HO
DCCC

For
PS Streaming

PS

MBMS
Power Downgrading

! Code reshuffling only due to code limitation is supported in RAN6.0.


! MBMS power downgrading only due to power limitation is supported in RAN6.0.

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Page 27

Available Reshuffling Actions And Objects


LDR Actions
Resource

UL/DL

InterFreq HO

BE Rate
Reduction

InterRAT
CS HO

InterRAT PS
HO

AMR
Reduction

Iu QoS
Renegotiation

Code
Reshuffling

MBMS Power
Downgrading

Power
Resource

UL

N.A.

DL

Code
Resource

UL

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

DL

UL

DL

UL

DL

UL

N.A.

DL

NodeB Credit

Iub Transport
Resource

ENU

LDR Actions
Object

InterFreq HO

BE Rate
Reduction

InterRAT CS
HO

InterRAT PS
HO

AMR
Reduction

Iu QoS
Renegotiation

Code
Reshuffling

MBMS Power
Downgrading

DCH

N.A.

HSDPA

N.A.

HSUPA

N.A.

MBMS

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 28

Load Reshuffling Due To Power Limitation


l Uplink
RTWP based UL LDR

RTWP PN
> Thr ldr
RTWP

_ trig

l Downlink
Power based DL LDR

( Pnon hspa + min(GBPGBR + Ph sup a _ res , Pmax hspa )) > Pmax Thrtotal ldr

Reserved power for HSUPA


related DL channels (The
power of downlink control
channels (E-AGCH/ERGCH/E-HICH) )

ADD CELLCAC
Dl HSUPA reserved factor

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 29

Load Reshuffling Due To Code Limitation


l Trigger condition
Minimum available SF > reserved SF_Thd

l Actions
Code reshuffling
BE rate reduction

ADD CELLLDR
Cell SF reserve threshold
Max user number of code adjust

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 30

Load Reshuffling Due To NodeB Credit Limitation


l Trigger condition
UL/DL separate

C N odeB ,U L C N od eB , curren t ,U L T hrL dr _ U L


C N od e B , D L C N o d eB , cu rren t , D L T h rL d r _ D L

l Actions
Inter-RAT PS/CS HO
BE rate reduction

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

In RAN6.0, only NodeB level


Credit is supported

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 31

Load Reshuffling Due To ENU Limitation


l Uplink
ENU based UL LDR
K UL
=
> Thr ldr
K Max

_ trig

UL
UL
UL
K UL = K HSUPA
+ K HULBE + K HULStream + K DCH
+ K CCH

l Downlink
For R99 cell
N DL = N DCH + N CCH _ res

N DCH + N CCH

_ res

> N max Thr dch ldr

For HSDPA cell


If ENU based DL LDR is enabled, HSDPA users shall not be
selected to perform load reshuffling actions.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 32

Service Differentiation Enhancement


l THP consideration

For interactive services, differentiate the priority through THP in the case of same ARP.

Applied to determine the integrate priority

The values of RAB Integrate Priority are set according to the Integrate Priority Configured Reference parameter as follows:
If the value of the parameter is set to Traffic Class, the integrate priority abides by the following rules:
- Classes of services: conversational -> streaming -> interactive -> background
- Services of the same class: priority based on Allocation/Retention Priority (ARP) values
- Only for the interactive service of the same ARP value: priority based on THP
- Services of the same class and priority: HSDPA or DCH service preferred on the basis of the value of the
Indicator of Carrier Type Priority parameter
If the value of the parameter is set to ARP, the integrate priority abides by the following rules:
- ARP1 -> ARP2 -> ARP3 -> ARP14
- Same ARP value: conversational -> streaming -> interactive -> background
- Only for the interactive service of the same ARP: priority based on THP
- Services of the same ARP, class and THP (only for interactive service ): HSDPA or DCH service preferred
on the basis of the value of the Indicator of Carrier Type Priority parameter

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 33

Thank You

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 34

Mar 2007

Huawei HSUPA Feature in RAN6.0

www.huawei.com

Node B Products of Huawei


Apr. 2006
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES CO., LTD.

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Key Technologies
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

Configuration and Features


Each cell can support R99, HSUPA or R99+HSUPA
E-DCH 10ms TTI is supported, the peak data rate up to 1.4Mbps in the application
layer (1.92Mbps in physical layer) can be reached in RAN 6.0.
Support 20 simultaneous HSUPA users per cell in RAN 6.0.

Interactive / Background / Streaming


mapping on E-DCH
E-DCH OLPC
RGCH, AGCH, HICH power control
Basic admission control
Pre-emption / queuing
Scheduling based on RTWP
Iub flow control
Load Control
Mobility Management

RAN 6.0
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

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Page 3

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Key Technologies
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 4

HSUPA Channel Mapping


n Interactive, Background and Streaming service could be mapped onto E-DCH.
n The bit rate thresholds are used.
RABs with the maximum uplink bit rate higher than or equal to the threshold will be
mapped onto E-DCH.
The bit rate thresholds (UL streaming threshold on HSUPA , UL BE traffic threshold
on HSUPA) are OM configurable.

n One switch (PS_STREAMING_ON_E_DCH_SWITCH) is available for operator to


disable the mapping of streaming service onto E-DCH.

RB on FACH

Interactive
Background

RB on DCH

mapping

Streaming

RB on HS-DSCH
RB on E-DCH

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 5

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
Intelligent Access Control
Admission Control
HSUPA Key Technologies
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 6

Intelligent Access Control


RRC connection processing
RRC connection
request

Admission
algorithm

Failed

Failed

DRD

Redirection

Succeeded Succeeded

Iu Qos Negotiation
algorithm switch
UE capability

Scenario
RAB establishment
RAB modification
Inbound relocation
Rate
reconfiguration
hard handover
DCCC
algorithm switch
Cell load
information list LIT
LDM

CRM

RAB processing
Rate
negotiation

Admission
algorithm

PS domain:
maximum rate
negotiation

Load admission

PS and CS
domains:
initial rate
negotiation

Succe
eded

Failed
Preemption

Code resource
admission
Failed

Succeeded
Succeeded

Iub resource
admission

PS domain BE
service:
target rate
negotiation

Failed or not
supported
Queuing
Succeeded

Failed or not
supported
DRD

Credit resource
admission

Succeeded

Failed

Others
Service request
denied

Service request
admitted

Iu QoS Negotiation

RAB Downsizing

Preemption

Queuing

DRD

DCH service

HSDPA service

HSUPA service

MBMS service
Triggered by admission
check failure due to the
limitation of EUN, user
number and Iub
transmission

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 7

HSUPA Uplink Radio Resource Admission Check


Type

Algorithm

DCH

UL/DL algorithm1

HSDPA

BE

Streaming

Remark

RAN5.1

RAN6.0

Based on power or interference


(prediction)

UL/DL algorithm2

Based on the equivalent number of users

UL/DL algorithm2

Based on power or interference (without


prediction)

User number check

Control the user number mapped on HSDSCH

PBR admission check

Check the aggregated BE traffic provided


bit rate

Power usage check

Check the power usage for HSDPA BE

User number check

Control the user number mapped on HSDSCH

Check the aggregated Streaming traffic


provided bit rate

Check the power usage for HSDPA


Streaming

Control the user number mapped


on E-DCH

Based on the equivalent number of


users

Based on power (prediction)

PBR admission check


Power usage check

HSUPA

User number check


UL algorithm2

MBMS

DL algorithm1

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 8

HSUPA Admission Check Procedure


ADD NODEBALGOPARA

l User number admission check


l ENU admission check

NodeB Max Hsupa User Number

l Iub transmission resource admission check


l NodeB credit resource admission check

ADD CELLCAC
Maximum HSUPA user number
UL threshold of other services

HSUPA access request

UL handover access threshold

Get the total ENU of all


existing users.

Calculate the increment of the


new incoming HSUPA user

Forecast the ENU load

ENU total =

ENUi

all _ exist _ user

E-DPCCH Ec/No and EDPDCH Ec/No are calculated


based on DPCCH Ec/No

ENU new

ENUtotal + ENUnew
ENU max

Compare the forecast ENU


load with the threshold

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 9

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Key Technologies
Node B Controlled Scheduling
Iub Flow Control
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 10

Node B Controlled Scheduling(1)

HLID
Buffer Status
Receiver

(TEBS, HLBS)

Scheduling
Information

E-DPDCH

UPH

TEBS,
Happy_Delay_
Condition
Current SG

Serving Cell

Happy Bit

E-DPCCH

Receiver

Serving Cell

Power

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 11

Node B Controlled Scheduling(2)

Scheduling Info
Happy/Unhappy

nt
G ra

la
tiv
ra

l a ti

ve

e
nt

Receiver

Non Serving Cell

Re

Relative Grant

Receiver

RoT Measurement

Re

Serving Cell

Ab
so
lut
eG
Sc
ran
he
du
t
lin g
Inf
o

UEs SPI, GBR

Receiver

Unhappy

Unhappy

Happy

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Page 12

RoT Measurement

Node B Controlled Scheduling(3)


Estimated load
Threshold
ADD CELLHSUPA
SET MACEPARA

Maximum Target Uplink Load Factor

Sort Rate Weight


Sort RSN Weight
Sort GBR Switch
Effective Rate Smooth
Factor

UP

ute
Ab
s ol

Priority = FUN
(Happy Bit, RSN,
Rcur, Ravg, SPI)

RG

Gr
an
t

Priority = FUN
(Rreq, Ravg, SPI)

SET MACEPARA
AG Threshold
Average Rate Initial Value
Average Rate Smooth
Factor

Receiver
Receiver

Receiver

Unhappy

Receiver

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Unhappy

L
HUAWEI Confidential

Page 13

Node B Controlled Scheduling(4)

W
DO
RG

Estimated load

G
o lute
Abs

Threshold

ra nt

Receiver

ReceiverReceiver

Happy

Receiver

J
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Receiver

HUAWEI Confidential

Unhappy

Page 14

Node B Controlled Scheduling(5)


Estimated
EstimatedEstimated
load
loadload
Threshold

RG

W
DO
N

RG

W
DO

Receiver

Receiver Receiver

Unhappy

Receiver

Receiver

L
HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Happy

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 15

Iub Flow Control (1)

SET MACEPARA

NodeB
Controlled
Scheduler

Buffer Occupancy Ratio


Threshold

an

t iv

gr

e
tiv

la

el
a

Marked UEs

Re

Hysteresis

ra
nt

IUB buffer Occupancy Ratio

Buffer
occupancy status

Flow
control

Iub flow control associates with NodeB scheduler


- based on the Iub buffer occupancy status

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Page 16

Iub Flow Control (2)

Total data rates

Iub bandwidth
NodeB
Controlled
Scheduler
SET MACEPARA

Flow
control
the target uplink
load factor adjusting
command

Load Factor Adjusting


Threshold
Load Factor Adjusting Step

Iub flow control associates with NodeB scheduler


- based on the target uplink load adjustment

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 17

Simulation Results Iub Flow Control


Scenario 1:
Iub bandwidth isnt limited

the throughput of system


the throughput of Iub interface
Scenario 2:
Iub bandwidth is 3M, buffer is 1M

the throughput of system


the throughput of Iub interface
Scenario 3:
Iub bandwidth is 1M, buffer is 0.5M

the throughput of system


the throughput of Iub interface

The system makes full use


of the Iub bandwidth

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HUAWEI Confidential

Page 18

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Key Technologies
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 19

HSUPA Downlink Power Control for E-AGCHE-RGCHE-HICH (1)


n Two Schemes

SET MACEPARA

Constant transmit power

E-AGCH HPC Mode

DPCH based dynamic power control

E-RGCH HPC Mode for Non-service Radio Links

E-RGCH HPC Mode for Service Radio Links


E-HICH HPC Mode for Service Radio Links
E-HICH HPC Mode for Non-service Radio Links

Constant Transmit Power

P = PP CPICH + PO
PO is the power offset parameter,
which can be configured for each
channel according to the RL state

Node B

E
E-R-HICH
E-A GCH
P-C GCH
PI C
H

SET MACEPARA

IC H
H
E GCH
E-RCPICH
P-

E-AGCH Power Offset


E-RGCH Power Offset for Service Radio Links
E-RGCH Power Offset for Non-service Radio Links
E-HICH Power Offset for Service Radio Links
E-HICH Power Offset for Non-service Radio Links
Node B

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 20

UE

HSUPA Downlink Power Control for E-AGCHE-RGCHE-HICH (2)


DPCH Based Dynamic Power Control

P = PTPC + FUNC ( PowOffset

,...) + SHO
Data1 TP CTFC

n Based on the power of TPC


n SHO: SHO compensation, which
are calculated for E-AGCH, E-RGCH.
n PowOffset: Power control
parameter, which are configured for
each channel in different RL states.

Node B

I Data P ilot
2
E -HICH
E -RGCH
E -A GCH
Data1 TP CTFC
I Data P ilot
2
E -HICH
E -R G C H

RL Set

UE

SET MACEPARA

ta2
TPCTFCI Da
Data1
E-HICH
H
E-RGC

E-AGCH Power
E-RGCH Power for Service Radio Links
E-RGCH Power for Non-service Radio Links
E-HICH Power for Service Radio Links
E-HICH Power for Non-service Radio Links
Node B

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Pilot

The same color means that there


will be soft combination in UE

Page 21

HSUPA E-DCH Uplink Outer Loop Power Control


n Adjust SIR Target and E-DPDCH PO
Mechanism:
- Based on NHT and Residual BLER

Adjustment Period:
- Adjust SIR Target: Short
- Adjust E-DPDCH PO: Long

ADD TYPRABOLPC
E-DCH retransfer number Probability Target
Value

Delay:

Target Number of E-DCH PDU retransfer

- Adjust SIR Target: ms level


- Adjust E-DPDCH PO: second level

Maximum Number of E-DCH PDU retransfer


Maximum E-DCH Power offset increase step
E-DCH Power Offset Period
Maximum E-DCH Power Offset
Minimum E-DCH Power Offset

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 22

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Scheduler
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 23

Uplink Load Reshuffling in HSUPA Cell


Power
Resources

Iub Transmission
Resources

NodeB Credit
Resources

Code Resources

EUN
Monitoring load, trigger
the actions
corresponding to basic
congestion

Load Reshuffling (LDR)


Service Quality
Unchange

Service Quality
Downgrade

RAN-CN
Renegotiation

Downsizing

Handover

CS

AMRC
IF
HO

IRAT
HO

Code
Reshuffling

TFC
Control
DCCC

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

For
PS Streaming

PS

MBMS
Power Downgrading

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 24

Reshuffling Actions And Objects in RAN6.0


LDR Actions
Resource

UL/DL

InterFreq HO

BE Rate
Reduction

InterRAT
CS HO

InterRAT PS
HO

AMR
Reduction

Iu QoS
Renegotiation

Code
Reshuffling

MBMS Power
Downgrading

Power
Resource

UL

N.A.

DL

Code
Resource

UL

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

N.A.

DL

UL

DL

UL

DL

UL

N.A.

DL

NodeB Credit

Iub Transport
Resource

ENU

LDR Actions
Object

InterFreq HO

BE Rate
Reduction

InterRAT CS
HO

InterRAT PS
HO

AMR
Reduction

Iu QoS
Renegotiation

Code
Reshuffling

MBMS Power
Downgrading

DCH

N.A.

HSDPA

N.A.

HSUPA

N.A.

MBMS

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 25

Load Reshuffling in HSUPA Cell (Radio Resource)


l Uplink
RTWP based UL LDR

RTWP PN
> Thr ldr
RTWP

_ trig

l Downlink
Power based DL LDR

( Pnon hspa + min(GBPGBR + Ph sup a _ res , Pmax hspa )) > Pmax Thrtotal ldr

ADD CELLCAC

Reserved power for HSUPA


related DL downlink control
channels ( E-AGCH/ERGCH/E-HICH)

Dl HSUPA reserved factor

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 26

Load Reshuffling in HSUPA Cell (ENU)


l Uplink
ENU based UL LDR
K UL
=
> Thr
K Max

ldr _ trig

UL
UL
UL
K UL = K HSUPA
+ K HULBE + K HULStream + K DCH
+ K CCH

l Downlink
For R99 cell

N DL = N DCH + N CCH _ res

N DCH + N CCH

_ res

> N max Thr dch ldr

For HSDPA cell


If ENU based DL LDR is enabled, HSDPA users shall
not be selected to perform load reshuffling actions.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 27

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Scheduler
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 28

HSUPA Mobility Management (1)


l Support intra/inter-frequency and inter-RAT handover
l Keep the AS of HSUPA the same as DCH in RAN 6.0
Switch to DCH if a non HSUPA cell is added into AS
Switch to E-DCH when all non HSUPA cells in AS are removed
Cell 1(HSUPA)

Cell 2(R99)

E-DCH

Cell 1(HSUPA)

Cell 1(HSUPA)

Cell 2(R99)

E-DCH

DCH

DCH

1a event triggered

Cell 2(R99)

1b event triggered

l Inter-RAN SHO solution in RAN6.0


Switch to DCH when a DRNC cell is added into AS
Switch to E-DCH when all cells in different RNCs removed

SRNC

CN

CN

Iu

Iu
Iur

DRNC

SRNC

CN
Iu
Iur

DCH

E-DCH

Uu

Uu

1a event triggered

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

DRNC

RNC

SRNC

DCH

E-DCH

Uu

1b event triggered

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 29

HSUPA Mobility Management (2)


l Direct Retry
HSUPA service is initiated in R99 cell
Traffic volume increases
Periodic Timer
Access to an HSUPA cell is rejected due to resource limitation

Cell a (f1,HSUPA)

Cell a (f1,HSUPA)

Cell b (f2, R99)

Cell b (f2, R99)

UE initiates
HSUPA service
request from cell b

After DRD, UE
HSUPA service
are set on cell a

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Page 30

HSUPA Parameters Structure (1)


RNC

GlobalParaClass

RAB&SRBClass

RadioClass

FRC.Class

TYPRABOLPC.Class

GlobalParaClass

RAB&SRBClass

CellClass

FRC.Class

TYPRABOLPC.Class

CELLSETUP.Class

Reference E-TFCI Index

CELLHSUPA.Class

Reference E-TFCI Power Offset

E-DPCCH power offset

E-DCH retransfer number Probability Target Value


CellClass

Target Number of E-DCH PDU retransfer[times]


Maximum Number of E-DCH PDU retransfer[times]

CELLHSUPA.Class

CELLSETUP.Class

Maximum E-DCH Power offset increase step[0.001dB]


Maximum Target Uplink Load Factor

Code Number for E-AGCH

Target Non-serving E-DCH to Total E-DCH


Code Number for E-RGCH/E-HICH
Power ratio[%]

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E-DCH Power Offset Period[100ms]


Maximum E-DCH Power Offset
Minimum E-DCH Power Offset

Page 31

HSUPA Parameters Structure (2)


NodeB
RadioClass
CellClass
MACEPARA.Class
AG Threshold

E-RGCH HPC Mode for Non-service Radio Links

Average Rate Initial Value

E-HICH HPC Mode for Service Radio Links

Average Rate Smooth Factor

E-HICH HPC Mode for Non-service Radio Links

Sort Rate Weight

IUB buffer Occupancy Ratio Hysteresis

Sort Rate RSN Weight

E-RGCH Power for Service Radio Links

Sort GBR Switch

E-RGCH Power for Non-service Radio Links

Effective Rate Smooth Factor

E-HICH Power for Service Radio Links

Load Factor Adjusting Step

E-HICH Power for Non-service Radio Links

Buffer Occupancy Ratio Threshold

E-RGCH HPC Mode for Service Radio Links

Load Factor Adjusting Threshold

E-RGCH Power Offset for Service Radio Links

E-AGCH Power

E-RGCH Power Offset for Non-service Radio Links

E-AGCH HPC Mode

E-HICH Power Offset for Service Radio Links

E-AGCH PowerOffset

E-HICH Power Offset for Non-service Radio Links

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Page 32

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Scheduler
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 33

HSUPA Simulation Result (1)

AWGN
PA3
PB3
VA30
VA120

l Link layer interface evaluation


! The Link layer interface is the basis
of system level simulation

EcNo

FRC1

FRC6

AWGN

PedA3

PedB3

VehA30

VehA120

30%

70%

30%

70%

30%

70%

30%

70%

30%

70%

Min

-11.3

-5.0

-9.7

-4.3

-10.2

-4.4

-10.4

-3.9

-10.5

-4.0

Max

-10.3

-4.6

-9.0

-3.6

-9.5

-3.8

-9.6

-3.3

-9.7

-2.9

Average

-10.7

-4.8

-9.4

-4.0

-9.9

-4.0

-10.0

-3.5

-10.1

-3.4

Huawei

-11.2

-4.5

-9.5

-3.8

-10.1

-3.4

-10.2

-3.0

-10.3

-3.2

Min

-10.2

-4.7

-8.8

-3.4

-9.1

-3.4

-9.2

-3.2

-9.3

-3.3

Max

-9.1

-4.2

-8.1

-2.6

-8.4

-2.7

-8.5

-2.8

-8.6

-2.7

Average

-9.5

-4.5

-8.4

-3.0

-8.7

-3.0

-8.9

-3.0

-9.0

-3.1

Huawei

-9.7

-3.9

-8.8

-2.5

-9.1

-2.1

-9.4

-2.4

-9.5

-2.6

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

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Page 34

HSUPA Simulation Result (2)


l System level simulation assumption
Parameters

Value

Remark

Path Loss

COST 231-Hata + 0dB

Channel model

TU3

Cell deployment

3x3 Wrap-around

Traffic model

Full Buffer

UE category

Category 3,

Category 3: 10ms TTI, 2SF4,Up


to 1.92Mbps

Category 6

Category 6: 10msTTI,
2SF4+2SF2, Up to 5.76Mbps

UE Max Tx Power

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

Urban Middle City

inter site distance 1km, 3


section per station

21dBm

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HSUPA Simulation Result (3)


l Cell throughput vs RoT

Cell Throughput(Mbps)

1.6
1.4
1.2
1
0.8
0.6

DCH
E-DCH 10msTTI
E-DCH 2msTTI

0.4
0.2
0
0

RoT(dB)

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10

HSUPA Simulation Result (4)

100%

100%

90%

90%

80%

80%

70%

70%

60%

60%

CDF(%)

CDF(%)

l NRTV on E-DCH vs on DCH

50%
40%

50%
40%

30%

30%

20%

20%
EDCH
DCH

10%
0%
100

150

200

0%
200

250

Delay(ms)

Parameters

EDCH
DCH

10%
400

600
800
Delay Jitter(ms)

Value

1000

Remark

Environment

Dense urban

Channel model

VA30

Traffic model

NRTV, 10 user per cell

Average Data Rate 64K

Channel type

E-DCH
DCH

10ms TTI, 2SF4, up to


1.92Mbps with GBR of 64K
DCH-128K

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PL=138.5+38log10(d/km)

Page 37

1200

HSUPA
Configuration And Features
HSUPA Channel Mapping
Access to HSUPA Service
HSUPA Scheduler
HSUPA Power Control
HSUPA Load Control
HSUPA Mobility Management
Performance Simulation
Deployment Strategy

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Deployment Strategy (Single Carrier)


Single Carrier Solution
All cells support HSPA and R99 service.
HSUPA cell is downlink HSDPA supported.
HSPA users perform soft handover between intra-frequency cells, HSPA
serving cell changes triggered by 1D event
HSPA users starts CM triggered by 2D event and performs inter-RAT
handovers to 2G cell

F1:R99+HSPA
Cell 1

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F1:R99+HSPA
Cell 2

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Deployment Strategy (Multi-carrier)


Hotspot Multi-carrier Solution
HSPA UE on F1 R99 cells can periodically retry to co-coverage F2 HSPA
cells
F1 HSPA users starts CM triggered by 2D event and perform inter-RAT
handover to 2G cell
F2 HSPA users starts CM triggered by 2D event and perform inter-freq
handover to F1 cell

F1:R99+HSPA
Cell 1

3
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F1:R99
Cell 2

F2:R99+HSPA F2:R99+HSPA
Cell 5
Cell 6

F1:R99+HSPA
Cell 4

F1:R99
Cell 3

1
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Page 40

Thank You

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Page 41