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PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION

GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

Date:

February23,2016

Subject:

PublicandRedactedVersionofRequestforConfidentialTreatmentand
ComplementaryExhibits

FCCFileNumber:

0142-EX-PL-2016

ToWhomItMayConcern:
GoogleInc.(Google),pursuantto5U.S.C.552andSections0.457and0.459ofthe
Commission'sRules,47C.F.R.0.457,0.459,herebyrequeststhatcertaininformation
complementarytoitsabove-referencedExperimental Radio Service License(Experimental
License)betreatedasconfidentialandnotsubjecttopublicinspection.Thedesignated
informationconstitutesconfidentialandproprietaryinformationthat,ifsubjecttopublic
disclosure,wouldcausesignificantcommercial,economic,andcompetitiveharm.Asdescribed
below,GooglesrequestsatisfiesthestandardsforgrantofsuchrequestssetforthinSections
0.457and0.459oftheCommissionsRules.
InaccordancewithSection0.459(b)andinsupportofthisrequest,Googleprovidesthe
followinginformation:

1.
IdentificationoftheInformationforWhichConfidentialTreatmentisSought:

Googlesrequestforconfidentialtreatmentislimitedtothefollowinginformationthat
hasbeenredactedfromtheExperimentalLicenseandcomplementaryexhibits.Googledoes
notseektowithholdfrompublicinspectioninformationnecessaryforinterferencemitigation,
includingapplicantname,contactinformation,testlocation,frequency,outputpower,effective
radiatedpower,emissioncharacteristicsandmodulation.

ExhibitA-NarrativeStatement:

GooglerequestsconfidentialtreatmentofthefollowingunderlinedtextfromExhibitA
thatcontainsconfidentialandproprietaryinformationregardingtheproposed
tests/experiments:

ConsistentwiththestandardssetforthinSection5.63oftheFederal
CommunicationsCommissions(FCCsorCommissions)Rules,47C.F.R.5.63,
GoogleInc.(Google)outlinesbelowitsneedfortherequestedExperimentalRadio
ServiceLicense(ExperimentalLicense)andthecompellingreasonswhy
0142-EX-PL-2016shouldbegrantedexpeditiously.

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GooglerequeststhattheExperimentalLicensebegrantedforaperiodof24
months.TheExperimentalLicenseisneededforcontinueddemonstrationand
testingofexperimentaltransmitters.
Consistentwith0829-EX-ST-2015and0093-EX-ST-2016(CallSignWI9XZE),
theExperimentalLicenseisneededforcontinueddevelopmentof[REDACTED].1
[REDACTED].[REDACTED].
Continuedtestingwillinvolve[REDACTED].[REDACTED].Asnotedabove,
Googlewillcontinuetotest[REDACTED].
Theequipmentusedwillcontinuetoinclude[REDACTED].Inthe2.5GHz
band,[REDACTED],andinnocasewillthemaximumequivalentisotropicallyradiated
power(EIRP)exceed2dBW(ERPwillnotexceed1W).Inthisband,[REDACTED].
MaximumEIRPfromeach[REDACTED]radiowillnotexceed16dBW(ERPwillnot
exceed24W).
Inthe71-76GHzand81-86GHzbands,[REDACTED],andinnocasewillthe
maximumEIRPexceed52dBW(ERPwillnotexceed96411W).Inthesebands,each
[REDACTED].Inallcases,EIRPfromeach[REDACTED]radiowillnotexceed33dBW
(ERPwillnotexceed1214W).
[REDACTED],Googlemayalsoconducttestingovera[REDACTED].This
transmitterusedinthislinkwillbeplacedat325939N,1065829W.Inthis
location,theequipmentusedwillinclude[REDACTED]radiothatoperatesinthe
frequenciesbetween5775MHzand5825MHz(5.8GHz).[REDACTED].Consistent
withExhibitB,whileGooglemaycontinuetotestradiosinthefrequenciesranging
between5775MHzand5825MHz,theactualbandwidthofthesignalsemployedwill
continuetobeextremelynarrow,andtheoperationwillcontinuetooccupynomore
than10Hzatanygiventime.
GrantofthisExperimentalLicensewillnotadverselyimpactanyauthorized
userofRFspectrumforthereasonsstatedbelow.
Operationsinthe2.5GHzband:Googlescontinuedoperationswillnot
causeharmfulinterferencetootherusersofthe2.5GHzband.Thereareno
licensedusersofthe2.5GHzfrequenciesrequestedwithintheproposedtestarea.
Googlewillcontinuetolimititstransmitpowerandantennapatternssuchthatthe
receivedpoweroutsideoftheproposedradiusofoperationswillbelessthan
-107dBm/5.5MHz.2GooglesapproachcomportswiththeFCCsco-channel
interferenceprotectionstandardsforthisband,whichaccordprotectiontolicensees
thatexperienceundesiredsignallevelsinexcessof107dBm/5.5MHzattheir

[REDACTED].
AsnotedinExhibitB,a25kilometerradiusofoperationsforequipmentoperatinginboththe2568-2590
MHzand2620-2640MHzbandswillcontinuetobeused.
2

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receivers,providedthelicenseesseekingprotectionhavemetapplicableheight
benchmarks.3
Googleexpectstomeetthisrequirementregardlessof[REDACTED],andwill
continuetobaseitscalculationsonthefollowingconsiderations:

theheightofthetransmitter,
theconductedpower,
themaximumantennagainattheanglethatwouldemitsignals
beyondtheaboveradius,and
thefreespacepathlossoverthisdistance.

Operationsinthe5.8GHzband:Googlescontinued5.8GHztestswillnot
causeharmfulinterferencetoanyotherauthorizeduserofspectruminthe5.8GHz
band.TheconductedpowerofGooglescontinuedoperationisjustone-tenthofthe
1Wattlimitallowedforunlicenseddevicesinthisband.4Althoughthecontinued
operationexceedsthefieldstrengthlimitationssetforthin47C.F.R.15.249,the
transmissionwillcontinuetocomplywiththepowerspectraldensityrequirements
setforthin47C.F.R.15.407(a)(3).Thefollowingattributesofthetestingwill
furthermitigateanypotentialinterferenceconcerns:
(1)Thetransmitterswillcontinuetobeplaced[REDACTED].Theother
principaloperationsinthisbandarePart15unlicenseddevices,Part18ISMdevices,
andamateurradiooperators.5[REDACTED].[REDACTED],theclosestpossible
operationswouldbeatleast900metersaway.OnceGooglessignaltravels900
meters,thesignalintheline-of-sight(LOS)pathwillhaveattenuatedby106.8dB,
assumingfree-spacepropagation.Thesignalpowerreceivedbyanomnidirectional
antennaplacedat900metersfromthetransmitter,ifthereceiveriscenteredwith
thecorrectpolarizationinthebeamoftheLOSlinkandtherearenointervening
obstructions,wouldbeatmost-54.8dBm.Thissignalpoweriswellbelowthesignal
strengthsfromtypicalWi-Fitransmittersinthe5.8GHzbandandisnotexpectedto
causeharmfulinterference.Bycomparison,interferencefromcommercialWi-Fi
equipmentcanbeasmuchas-10dBminanurbanenvironment.Forreceiversnotin
theLOSpath,orlocatedonthegroundandobscuredbybuildingsorfoliage,the
strengthofGooglessignalswillbesignificantlylessthanthestrengthpredictedby
theidealfreespacecalculationsetforthabove.
(2)Googlewillcontinuetoemployhighlydirectional,narrowbandwidth
transmissions.Thefullbeamwidthofeachantennaisonly6.2degrees.Otherusers
ofthe5.8GHzbandareunlikelytobetransmittingdirectlyinthebeamwidth,andas
aresult,theircommunicationsareunlikelytobeaffected.

See47C.F.R.27.1220,27.1221(c).
47C.F.R.15.247(b)(3);id.15.407(a)(3).
5
See47C.F.R.2.106(FCCTableofFrequencyAllocations).
4

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Operationsinthemillimeterwavebands:Finally,Googlescontinued
millimeterwaveoperationswillnotimpactotherusersofthosebands.
Commercialmillimeterwavebandusers:Aninterferencestudytoassessthe
riskofharmfulinterferenceassociatedwithGooglesproposedtestoperationsinthe
71-76GHzand81-86GHzbandsisattachedasExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(Call
SignWI9XZE).6UsingconservativeassumptionsregardingGooglesoperation,the
studyconsidersallregisteredterrestrialE-bandlinkswithinadistanceof600
kilometersfromthetestlocations.7
Analysisofpotentialinterferencefrom[REDACTED]transmissionswasdone
inthreesteps.First,theoperationsoftheGoogle[REDACTED]transmitterineach
testareawerescreenedusingthe1dBthresholddegradationinterferenceobjective
setforthin47C.F.R.101.105(a)(5)(i)andworst-caseassumptions(e.g.,clear
conditions,nofrequencyoffset).8Receiverswheretheworst-casepredicted
interferencelevelwasbelowthisobjectivewereconsiderednon-interfering.9
Forthecaseswithhigherpredictedworst-caseinterferencelevels,frequency
offsetthelackofanyoverlapbetweenthedesiredchannelandGoogles
[REDACTED]channel(2.0GHzbandwidthat73.0GHz)wasthenconsideredto
determinewhethersuchoffsetresolvedthepotentialforharmfulinterference.10
Consideringfrequencyoffsetresolvedanumberofcases.11
Finally,intheremainingcases,theminimumcarrier/interferenceobjectiveset
forthin47C.F.R.101.105(a)(5)(i)wasusedtoassesspotentialinterference.12In
thesecases,theazimuthoftheinterferencepathwascomparedtothereceiver
antennaalignmentazimuth.13Asmall(orzero)azimuthseparationanglevalidated
theunderlyingassumptionofcorrelatedrainfadingforthesecases.14Eachofthese
remainingcasessatisfiestheminimumC/Iobjectivebyasignificantmargin.15
Assessingpotentialinterferencefor[REDACTED]transmitterswasdonein
twosteps.16First,theanalysisoftheGoogle[REDACTED]transmittersconsidered
whethertheGoogletransmittersmeetthe1dBthresholddegradationinterference
objectivesusingfreespacepathloss.17Incaseswherethenon-interference
objectivewasnotmetintheseinitialcalculations,terrainblockageand
6

SeegenerallyExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(CallSignWI9XZE).
ExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(CallSignWI9XZE)at7.
8
Id.at13.
9
Id.
10
Id.
11
Seeid.
12
Id.
13
Id.at13-14.
14
Id.at14.
15
Id.
16
Id.
17
Id.
7

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over-the-horizon(OH)losscalculationswereconsidered,allowingall[REDACTED]
operationstomeettheobjective.18
Overall,theanalysisshowsthatanypotentialinterferencefromGoogles
continuedoperationsfallsbelowthethresholdsestablishedbytheCommission47
C.F.R.101.115(a)(5)(i)foravoidanceofharmfulinterferenceinthesebands.
Federalusers:GoogleispreparedtocoordinatewithNTIAtoensurethat
federaloperationsinthebanddonotexperienceharmfulinterference.
Internationalusers:GooglescontinuedoperationinthevicinityofSpaceport
America,NewMexico,ismorethan39milesfromtheMexicanborder.Becausethe
FCCsPart101rulesonlyrequirecoordinationforstationswithin35milesofthe
border,nocoordinationisneededfortheSpaceportAmericasite.19Moreover,
operationsinthesouthernmostpartoftheSpaceportAmericatestingareawill
continuetousedirectionalantennaspointingnorthward(i.e.,awayfromtheMexican
border),furtherreducinganypotentialforharmfulinterference.
Finally,asnoted,Googlehasalreadybeenconductingsimilartestsinthis
areaunderagrantofSpecialTemporaryAuthority,andnodisruptionshavebeen
noted.

ExhibitB-TechnicalInformation:

GooglerequestsconfidentialtreatmentofthefollowingunderlinedtextfromExhibitB
thatcontainsconfidentialandproprietaryinformationregardingtheproposed
tests/experiments:

ApplicantName:
GoogleInc.
ApplicantFRN:
0016069502

LegalContactDetails
NameofContact

AparnaSridhar

ContactDetails

Counsel
25MassachusettsAvenueNW,NinthFloor
WashingtonDC20001

18

Id.
See47C.F.R.101.1527(b).

19

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TechnicalContactDetails
NameofContact

PaulHusted

ContactDetails

1600AmphitheatreParkway
MountainView,CA94043
Phone:(408)309-0026
Email:phusted@google.com

2.5GHzTransmitterEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]TransmitterEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]20

Location

Operationsnottoexceed25kmfromthefollowing
geographiccenterpoint:

325925N,1065810.9W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2620.000

2640.000

Radio

Modulation

Emission Modulation Maximum Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut EIRP/ERP

[REDACTED]

64QAMOFDM 20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

[REDACTED]

64QAMOFDM 20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

[REDACTED]

64QAMOFDM 20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

20

[REDACTED].
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[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

10dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

70

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-30 to+30 fromNadir

[REDACTED]TransmitterEquipment
Equipment21

[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals [REDACTED]
Locations

2.6GHzBandLocation1:325939N,1065829W

2.6GHzBandLocation2:325627N,1065515W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2550.000

2570.000

21

[REDACTED].[REDACTED].
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Radio

Modulation Emission Modulation Maximum


Maximum
Designator Bandwidth Power
EIRP/ERP
Out
(withhighestgain
antenna)

[REDACTED]

64QAM

20M0A2D

20MHz

0.25W

2dBW/1W

[REDACTED]

64QAM

20M0A2D

20MHz

0.25W

2dBW/1W

[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

1.5dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

360

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

N/A

OrientationinVerticalPlane

N/A

Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

1.5dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

360

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

N/A

OrientationinVerticalPlane

N/A

Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

Nottoexceed3dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

180

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

0-360

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Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

Nottoexceed8dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

56

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

0-360

5GHzEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Location

325939N,1065829W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

5775.0000

5825.0000

Radio

Modulation Emission Modulation Maximum Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut EIRP/ERP

[REDACTED]

Continuous 10H0N0N
waveform

10Hz

0.1W

19dBW/
48W

[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

29dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

6.2degrees

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

139.692(SE)

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-0.2

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71-76/81-86GHzTransmitterEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Location

Operationnottoexceed70kmfromthefollowing
geographiccenterpoint:

325925N,1065810.9W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

72000.0000

74000.0000

Radio

Modulation

[REDACTED]

QPSK

Emission Modulation Maximum Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut EIRP/ERP
2G00G2D

2GHz

0.5W

33dBW/
1214W

[REDACTED]AntennaDetails
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

24,30,or36dBi(3designstobetested)

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint 24dBi:Az35/El4
30dBi:Az35/El0.8
36dBi:Az11/El0.8
OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-45to+45fromNadir

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[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals [REDACTED]
Locations

80GHzBandLocation1:325939N,1065829W

80GHzBandLocation2:325627N,1065515W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

82000.0000

84000.0000

Radio

Modulation Emission Modulation Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut

[REDACTED]

QPSK

2G00G2D

2GHz

Maximum
EIRP/ERP
(withhighest
gainantenna)

0.5W

52dBW/
96411W

[REDACTED]AntennaDetails

2.

Antenna

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Quantity22

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Gain

46dBi

52dBi

55dBi

BeamWidthat
Half-PowerPoint

0.822

0.382

0.284

Orientationin
HorizontalPlane

0-360

0-360

0-360

Orientationin
VerticalPlane

0-45from
azimuth

0-45from
azimuth

0-45from
azimuth

IdentificationoftheCommissionproceedinginwhichtheinformationwassubmittedor
adescriptionofthecircumstancesgivingrisetothesubmission.

Theabove-referencedExhibitsweresubmittedtotheCommissioninsupportofthe
ExperimentalLicense.TheseExhibitswerefiledwiththeOfficeofEngineeringandTechnology
onFebruary23,2016.Foradditionalinformation,pleaseseeFileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016.
22

[REDACTED].
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3.

Explanationofthedegreetowhichtheinformationiscommercialorfinancialor
containsatradesecretorisprivileged.

Theinformationrequestedtobekeptconfidentialhassignificantcommercialvalue.The
detailsoftheExperimentalLicensetests/experimentsmayincludetradesecretinformation.
23
TheCommissionhasclarifiedthatconfidentialtreatmentshouldbeaffordedtotradesecrets.
Googlestests/experimentsandproprietarywirelessapplicationsusingparticularradio
frequencyequipmentrepresentasecretcommerciallyvaluableplanwithinthemeaningofa
tradesecretasrecognizedbytheCommission.

Inaddition,agreementsenteredintobetweenGoogleandanypartiesthatprovided
equipmentfortestingorwillprovideanalysisoftestresultsrequirethatconfidentialinformation
ofthepartiesbeheldinstrictconfidence,andthatsuchinformationnotbedisclosedtoany
thirdparty(withlimitedexceptionsnotapplicabletothisrequest).Themanufacturernameand
modelnumberconstitutesconfidentialtradesecrets,technicalinformation,andbusiness
informationundertheagreements.

4.
Explanationofthedegreetowhichtheinformationconcernsaservicethatis
competitive.

TheservicesandtechnologiesthatarethesubjectofthisExperimentalLicensenhave
notyetbeenfullydevelopedbutareexpectedtoleadtomaterialdevelopmentsinmarkets
subjecttocompetitionfrommultipleU.S.andnon-U.S.thirdparties.

5.
Explanationofhowdisclosureoftheinformationcouldresultinsubstantialcompetitive
harm.

Thetechnologyunderdevelopmentishighlysensitiveandconfidentialinnature.The
releaseofsuchinformationwouldprovidevaluableinsightintoGooglestechnologyinnovations
andpotentialbusinessplansandstrategies.Publicdisclosurewouldjeopardizethevalueofthe
technologyunderexaminationbyenablingotherstoutilizeGooglesinformationtodevelop
similarproductsinasimilartimeframe.

6.
Identificationofanymeasurestakenbytherequestingpartytopreventunauthorized
disclosure.

Googlehastakenstepstokeepconfidentialtheinformationsetforthintheconfidential
exhibitsbylimitingthenumberofpeopleinvolvedinthetests/experimentstoonlythoseona
23

E
xamination of Current Policy Concerning the Treatment of Confidential Information Submitted to the
Commission, Report and Order, GC Docket No. 96-55, at para. 3, (released Aug. 4, 1998) (defining trade
secrets for purpose of Commission rules on confidential treatment).
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needtoknowbasis,andbyrequiringanythirdpartiesinvolvedinthetestingprocessto
executerobustnondisclosureagreements.

7.
Identificationofwhethertheinformationisavailabletothepublicandtheextentofany
previousdisclosuresoftheinformationtoanythirdparties.

Theinformationcontainedintheconfidentialexhibitsisnotavailabletothepublic,and
hasonlybeendisclosedtothirdpartiespursuanttorestrictivesafeguards.

GooglevoluntarilyprovidestheinformationtotheCommissionatthistimewiththe
expectationthatitwillbetreatedconfidentiallyinaccordancewiththeCommission'srules.See
CriticalMassEnergyProjectv.NuclearRegulatoryCommn,975F.2d871,879(D.C.Cir.1992)
(commercialinformationprovidedonavoluntarybasisisconfidentialforthepurposeof
FreedomofInformationAct(FOIA)Exemption4ifitisofakindthatwouldcustomarilynotbe
releasedtothepublicbythepersonfromwhomitwasobtained.)

8.
Justificationoftherequestedperiodofconfidentiality.

Googleexpectsthatconfidentialtreatmentwillbenecessaryforthelengthofthe
proposedexperimentandthereafterinordertoprotectitsevolvingbusinessandtechnology
strategies.

9.
Anyotherinformationthatwouldbeusefulinassessingwhetherthisrequestshouldbe
submitted.

Theinformationsubjecttothisrequestforconfidentialityshouldnotbemadeavailable
forpublicdisclosureatanytime.Thereisnothingmaterialthatpublicreviewofthisinformation
wouldaddtotheCommissionsanalysisofGooglesrequestforanexperimentalauthorization.
Moreover,publicdisclosureofthesensitiveinformationintheconfidentialexhibitsto
theExperimentalLicenseaftertheCommissionhasruledontheRequestforConfidentialityis
notnecessaryfortheCommissiontofulfillitsregulatoryresponsibilities.
Consistentwith47C.F.R.0.459(d)(l),Googlerequestsnotificationifreleaseofthe
informationsubjecttothisrequestisrequestedpursuanttotheFOIAorotherwise,sothat
Googlemayhaveanopportunitytoopposegrantofanysuchrequest.

Sincerelyyours,

AparnaSridhar

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EXHIBITANARRATIVESTATEMENT
ConsistentwiththestandardssetforthinSection5.63oftheFederalCommunications
Commissions(FCCsorCommissions)Rules,47C.F.R.5.63,GoogleInc.(Google)outlines
belowitsneedfortherequestedExperimentalRadioServiceLicense(ExperimentalLicense)
andthecompellingreasonswhy0142-EX-PL-2016shouldbegrantedexpeditiously.
GooglerequeststhattheExperimentalLicensebegrantedforaperiodof24months.
TheExperimentalLicenseisneededforcontinueddemonstrationandtestingofexperimental
transmitters.
Consistentwith0829-EX-ST-2015and0093-EX-ST-2016(CallSignWI9XZE),the
ExperimentalLicenseisneededforcontinueddevelopmentof[REDACTED].1[REDACTED].
[REDACTED].
Continuedtestingwillinvolve[REDACTED].[REDACTED].Asnotedabove,Googlewill
continuetotest[REDACTED].
Theequipmentusedwillcontinuetoinclude[REDACTED].Inthe2.5GHzband,
[REDACTED],andinnocasewillthemaximumequivalentisotropicallyradiatedpower(EIRP)
exceed2dBW(ERPwillnotexceed1W).Inthisband,[REDACTED].MaximumEIRPfromeach
[REDACTED]radiowillnotexceed16dBW(ERPwillnotexceed24W).
Inthe71-76GHzand81-86GHzbands,[REDACTED],andinnocasewillthemaximum
EIRPexceed52dBW(ERPwillnotexceed96411W).Inthesebands,each[REDACTED].Inall
cases,EIRPfromeach[REDACTED]radiowillnotexceed33dBW(ERPwillnotexceed1214W).
[REDACTED],Googlemayalsoconducttestingovera[REDACTED].Thistransmitter
usedinthislinkwillbeplacedat325939N,1065829W.Inthislocation,theequipment
usedwillinclude[REDACTED]radiothatoperatesinthefrequenciesbetween5775MHzand
5825MHz(5.8GHz).[REDACTED].ConsistentwithExhibitB,whileGooglemaycontinuetotest
radiosinthefrequenciesrangingbetween5775MHzand5825MHz,theactualbandwidthof
thesignalsemployedwillcontinuetobeextremelynarrow,andtheoperationwillcontinueto
occupynomorethan10Hzatanygiventime.
GrantofthisExperimentalLicensewillnotadverselyimpactanyauthorizeduserofRF
spectrumforthereasonsstatedbelow.
Operationsinthe2.5GHzband:Googlescontinuedoperationswillnotcauseharmful
interferencetootherusersofthe2.5GHzband.Therearenolicensedusersofthe2.5GHz
frequenciesrequestedwithintheproposedtestarea.Googlewillcontinuetolimititstransmit
powerandantennapatternssuchthatthereceivedpoweroutsideoftheproposedradiusof
operationswillbelessthan-107dBm/5.5MHz.2GooglesapproachcomportswiththeFCCs
co-channelinterferenceprotectionstandardsforthisband,whichaccordprotectiontolicensees
1

[REDACTED].
AsnotedinExhibitB,a25kilometerradiusofoperationsforequipmentoperatinginboththe2568-2590
MHzand2620-2640MHzbandswillcontinuetobeused.
2

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FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

thatexperienceundesiredsignallevelsinexcessof107dBm/5.5MHzattheirreceivers,
providedthelicenseesseekingprotectionhavemetapplicableheightbenchmarks.3
Googleexpectstomeetthisrequirementregardlessof[REDACTED],andwillcontinueto
baseitscalculationsonthefollowingconsiderations:

theheightofthetransmitter,
theconductedpower,
themaximumantennagainattheanglethatwouldemitsignalsbeyondtheabove
radius,and
thefreespacepathlossoverthisdistance.

Operationsinthe5.8GHzband:Googlescontinued5.8GHztestswillnotcause
harmfulinterferencetoanyotherauthorizeduserofspectruminthe5.8GHzband.The
conductedpowerofGooglescontinuedoperationisjustone-tenthofthe1Wattlimitallowed
forunlicenseddevicesinthisband.4Althoughthecontinuedoperationexceedsthefield
strengthlimitationssetforthin47C.F.R.15.249,thetransmissionwillcontinuetocomplywith
thepowerspectraldensityrequirementssetforthin47C.F.R.15.407(a)(3).Thefollowing
attributesofthetestingwillfurthermitigateanypotentialinterferenceconcerns:
(1)Thetransmitterswillcontinuetobeplaced[REDACTED].Theotherprincipal
operationsinthisbandarePart15unlicenseddevices,Part18ISMdevices,andamateurradio
operators.5[REDACTED].[REDACTED],theclosestpossibleoperationswouldbeatleast900
metersaway.OnceGooglessignaltravels900meters,thesignalintheline-of-sight(LOS)path
willhaveattenuatedby106.8dB,assumingfree-spacepropagation.Thesignalpowerreceived
byanomnidirectionalantennaplacedat900metersfromthetransmitter,ifthereceiveris
centeredwiththecorrectpolarizationinthebeamoftheLOSlinkandtherearenointervening
obstructions,wouldbeatmost-54.8dBm.Thissignalpoweriswellbelowthesignalstrengths
fromtypicalWi-Fitransmittersinthe5.8GHzbandandisnotexpectedtocauseharmful
interference.Bycomparison,interferencefromcommercialWi-Fiequipmentcanbeasmuchas
-10dBminanurbanenvironment.ForreceiversnotintheLOSpath,orlocatedontheground
andobscuredbybuildingsorfoliage,thestrengthofGooglessignalswillbesignificantlyless
thanthestrengthpredictedbytheidealfreespacecalculationsetforthabove.
(2)Googlewillcontinuetoemployhighlydirectional,narrowbandwidthtransmissions.
Thefullbeamwidthofeachantennaisonly6.2degrees.Otherusersofthe5.8GHzbandare
unlikelytobetransmittingdirectlyinthebeamwidth,andasaresult,theircommunicationsare
unlikelytobeaffected.
Operationsinthemillimeterwavebands:Finally,Googlescontinuedmillimeterwave
operationswillnotimpactotherusersofthosebands.

See47C.F.R.27.1220,27.1221(c).
47C.F.R.15.247(b)(3);id.15.407(a)(3).
5
See47C.F.R.2.106(FCCTableofFrequencyAllocations).
4

Exhibit A - Page 2

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

Commercialmillimeterwavebandusers:Aninterferencestudytoassesstheriskof
harmfulinterferenceassociatedwithGooglesproposedtestoperationsinthe71-76GHzand
81-86GHzbandsisattachedasExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(CallSignWI9XZE).6Using
conservativeassumptionsregardingGooglesoperation,thestudyconsidersallregistered
terrestrialE-bandlinkswithinadistanceof600kilometersfromthetestlocations.7
Analysisofpotentialinterferencefrom[REDACTED]transmissionswasdoneinthree
steps.First,theoperationsoftheGoogle[REDACTED]transmitterineachtestareawere
screenedusingthe1dBthresholddegradationinterferenceobjectivesetforthin47C.F.R.
101.105(a)(5)(i)andworst-caseassumptions(e.g.,clearconditions,nofrequencyoffset).8
Receiverswheretheworst-casepredictedinterferencelevelwasbelowthisobjectivewere
considerednon-interfering.9
Forthecaseswithhigherpredictedworst-caseinterferencelevels,frequencyoffsetthe
lackofanyoverlapbetweenthedesiredchannelandGoogles[REDACTED]channel(2.0GHz
bandwidthat73.0GHz)wasthenconsideredtodeterminewhethersuchoffsetresolvedthe
potentialforharmfulinterference.10Consideringfrequencyoffsetresolvedanumberofcases.11
Finally,intheremainingcases,theminimumcarrier/interferenceobjectivesetforthin47
C.F.R.101.105(a)(5)(i)wasusedtoassesspotentialinterference.12Inthesecases,the
azimuthoftheinterferencepathwascomparedtothereceiverantennaalignmentazimuth.13A
small(orzero)azimuthseparationanglevalidatedtheunderlyingassumptionofcorrelatedrain
fadingforthesecases.14EachoftheseremainingcasessatisfiestheminimumC/Iobjectiveby
asignificantmargin.15
Assessingpotentialinterferencefor[REDACTED]transmitterswasdoneintwo
steps.16First,theanalysisoftheGoogle[REDACTED]transmittersconsideredwhetherthe
Googletransmittersmeetthe1dBthresholddegradationinterferenceobjectivesusingfree
spacepathloss.17Incaseswherethenon-interferenceobjectivewasnotmetintheseinitial
calculations,terrainblockageandover-the-horizon(OH)losscalculationswereconsidered,
allowingall[REDACTED]operationstomeettheobjective.18

SeegenerallyExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(CallSignWI9XZE).
ExhibitCto0829-EX-ST-2015(CallSignWI9XZE)at7.
8
Id.at13.
9
Id.
10
Id.
11
Seeid.
12
Id.
13
Id.at13-14.
14
Id.at14.
15
Id.
16
Id.
17
Id.
18
Id.
7

Exhibit A - Page 3

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

Overall,theanalysisshowsthatanypotentialinterferencefromGooglescontinued
operationsfallsbelowthethresholdsestablishedbytheCommission47C.F.R.
101.115(a)(5)(i)foravoidanceofharmfulinterferenceinthesebands.
Federalusers:GoogleispreparedtocoordinatewithNTIAtoensurethatfederal
operationsinthebanddonotexperienceharmfulinterference.
Internationalusers:GooglescontinuedoperationinthevicinityofSpaceportAmerica,
NewMexico,ismorethan39milesfromtheMexicanborder.BecausetheFCCsPart101rules
onlyrequirecoordinationforstationswithin35milesoftheborder,nocoordinationisneeded
fortheSpaceportAmericasite.19Moreover,operationsinthesouthernmostpartofthe
SpaceportAmericatestingareawillcontinuetousedirectionalantennaspointingnorthward
(i.e.,awayfromtheMexicanborder),furtherreducinganypotentialforharmfulinterference.
Finally,asnoted,Googlehasalreadybeenconductingsimilartestsinthisareaundera
grantofSpecialTemporaryAuthority,andnodisruptionshavebeennoted.

19

See47C.F.R.101.1527(b).
Exhibit A - Page 4

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

EXHIBITB-TECHNICALINFORMATION

ApplicantName:
GoogleInc.
ApplicantFRN:
0016069502

LegalContactDetails
NameofContact

AparnaSridhar

ContactDetails

Counsel
25MassachusettsAvenueNW,NinthFloor
WashingtonDC20001

TechnicalContactDetails
NameofContact

PaulHusted

ContactDetails

1600AmphitheatreParkway
MountainView,CA94043
Phone:(408)309-0026
Email:phusted@google.com

ExhibitB-Page1

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

2.5GHzTransmitterEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]TransmitterEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]1

Location

Operationsnottoexceed25kmfromthefollowinggeographic
centerpoint:

325925N,1065810.9W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2620.000

2640.000

Radio

Modulation

Emission Modulation Maximum Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut EIRP/ERP

[REDACTED]

64QAM
OFDM

20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

[REDACTED]

64QAM
OFDM

20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

[REDACTED]

64QAM
OFDM

20M0A2D

20MHz

4W

16dBW/
24W

[REDACTED].
ExhibitB-Page2

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

10dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

70

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-30 to+30 fromNadir

[REDACTED]TransmitterEquipment
Equipment2

[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]
[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Locations

2.6GHzBandLocation1:325939N,1065829W

2.6GHzBandLocation2:325627N,1065515W

[REDACTED].[REDACTED].
ExhibitB-Page3

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

2568.000

2590.000

[REDACTED]

2550.000

2570.000

Radio

Modulation

Emission Modulation
Designator Bandwidth

Maximum MaximumEIRP/ERP
PowerOut (withhighestgain
antenna)

[REDACTED]

64QAM

20M0A2D

20MHz

0.25W

2dBW/1W

[REDACTED]

64QAM

20M0A2D

20MHz

0.25W

2dBW/1W

[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

1.5dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

360

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

N/A

OrientationinVerticalPlane

N/A

Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

1.5dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

360

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

N/A

OrientationinVerticalPlane

N/A

ExhibitB-Page4

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

Nottoexceed3dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

180

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

0-360

Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

Nottoexceed8dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

56

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

0-360

ExhibitB-Page5

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

5GHzEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Location

325939N,1065829W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

5775.0000

5825.0000

Radio

Modulation

Emission Modulation Maximum Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut EIRP/ERP

[REDACTED]

Continuous
waveform

10H0N0N

10Hz

0.1W

19dBW/
48W

[REDACTED]AntennaInformation
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

29dBi

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

6.2degrees

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

139.692(SE)

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-0.2

ExhibitB-Page6

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

71-76/81-86GHzTransmitterEquipmentandStationDetails
[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Location

Operationnottoexceed70kmfromthefollowinggeographic
centerpoint:

325925N,1065810.9W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

72000.0000

74000.0000

Radio

Modulation

[REDACTED]

QPSK

Emission Modulation
Designator Bandwidth
2G00G2D

2GHz

Maximum Maximum
PowerOut EIRP/ERP
0.5W

33dBW/
1214W

[REDACTED]AntennaDetails
Antenna

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

Quantity

[REDACTED]

Gain

24,30,or36dBi(3designstobetested)

BeamWidthatHalf-PowerPoint

24dBi:Az35/El4
30dBi:Az35/El0.8
36dBi:Az11/El0.8

OrientationinHorizontalPlane

0-360

OrientationinVerticalPlane

-45to+45fromNadir

ExhibitB-Page7

PUBLICREDACTEDVERSION
GoogleInc.
FileNo.0142-EX-PL-2016

[REDACTED]RadioEquipment
Equipment

[REDACTED]

NumberofTerminals

[REDACTED]

Locations

80GHzBandLocation1:325939N,1065829W

80GHzBandLocation2:325627N,1065515W

FrequencyRange

Low(MHz)

High(MHz)

[REDACTED]

82000.0000

84000.0000

Radio

Modulation

[REDACTED]

QPSK

Emission Modulation Maximum


Designator Bandwidth PowerOut

2G00G2D

2GHz

0.5W

Maximum
EIRP/ERP
(withhighest
gainantenna)
52dBW/
96411W

[REDACTED]AntennaDetails
Antenna

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Type

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Quantity3

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

[REDACTED]

Gain

46dBi

52dBi

55dBi

BeamWidthat
0.822
Half-PowerPoint

0.382

0.284

Orientationin
HorizontalPlane

0-360

0-360

0-360

Orientationin
VerticalPlane

0-45fromazimuth 0-45fromazimuth

0-45fromazimuth

[REDACTED].
ExhibitB-Page8