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qv ‘ENGINEERING ———_ tel aP Find the vate of reaction clefwed as 01: vce c. 2. “Sane nZof tawk Evaluate terms rv = | o Vato or ( Volume of» \ 2 { \ \ ba Tm? (treatment tarts) “(gay )(320% Tey)? Tae %, used Agm \/ mol loco | *) 22000m 5 ene . (2.00 wa (= ait ic a Sm 2x\0 msl 2. \oo0 mg \S2qm Thos a cate of reaction 2.0% \0Prmal orfdoy 3 Vobeiae = BTS val/rn sdloy } = BAT ABT ele = ee egg co evaluate berms Sooo ky _ ~ =62,.5 wm oteatalyst B00 bef 5 8 62S of caalys W.,, = Sope0 ke Me grag = [2002442609 | Toss = O2OZ teynol Fed = (Govom/day (400 kg/m) = 5 AD00C kg /day a ={ s AN, ve 400 200 belsay / doy = < = \ ~. ; 8282 ig/sey) \ geese). eo) = ISH wel reacted /e, Thos. the vahe of dheappeatonce ef Gotas, 7 dN \ : . \ } Se oS = 0,007] wol/kg car+s) mo Jaz (m8) 077 wel/kg To —o . as (raz) = 2A% wl reas J ‘cod ) 2-1 Wthoot experimental data we cannot avswer +nia question, “Whe order of reaction need vot mate. the storcmometyy, ane of tev hdoeswte 2B Why shold the way yor write the stoicnometvy alfeck the vake, of Teaction? The rake express remamns Unchanged . 2S: TRa-aKn= -Ery or “% = hte ete 2Ta) we are gwen. - 48 = hp. atm far st Cerny ae Balancing dimensions we fund a = 2.66 (atm) ducy"'! ———— a) \y For an ideal qes aN = ART or p= CRT Thos - 28 3.6644 ~~ beemes - = = 3.66 (RT) or ~ 80H 2 [3.66 Gam ee Ter Ce on ae new rote constant = fi! ——- b) ih 0. ' _ Crat(a24g) - a 1 = where f'= 34¢ She ear Choo): = 12.0 (tue) (enlf J 29 From Ea, 25 we write eo = Kese _ g RGG. ~ Ta ‘600 oe — 300 000 (a5 ~~ “OAV Zoe — = (QT —<—- shh JalSpeed) 54 52 24 43 InlRete) 4th ~4S 33x10 suo slope ate = — 5420 “B= (5420) (8-314) = 45062F S4s ky asneo oT TEI? Doys _ InlPole) = nl dg) 32.0 3390 eq = 4.466 23-4 3.374 8s -$. 943 263 3.041 Tm -4.309 Be ree 2b 3-400 qo 4.500 22-7 3.382 ey 4.431 ee slope = - = ~3392 E = (3392) (8.314) i 28201 TAnol 28.2 k5/mol i Ws | S85 —— 207 Guess that - Gq =EGS Ce” a There ave % untuowussk a and bo ZnS So But we have 2 aquatunis ot a7 4 3 a 5O= kes ---ay 32 = KAS” --- 4B =k@Y GH - 8 > Driide @ by G) gwes Gel . - Ye Diide > byw gves b= %s rr -——si=—s=—tct Replace & and b cy gives k=t and leb us fled ds Take expresson. 2.19 ¢) Consider the mechonsna 2A = Ara¥ j : AX 3» R45 for reactant Ax tae k (AT - Qf 1a] tb : For mermadiate : —tie = k (AI*- kfa"][A] -b,14"] =0 Fm sis ar|= TZ LaT ey ey heady state oe gear imcdon Replacing W HG) soas to chmmate the unmeasuralle AY ques -qe BEAL Lg * id rhe i And when b(A | dbs oo ib CA]... oF fait ovter rx og a> Now at tow enough Cy we may reach conditions where $,(A |«&,, In such a situakon” 4, (i) Will Feduee to -h = Ral on a4 order kwetics Hence lower Cay more and more, This mechanism predicts that Q pomt wll be yeached where the reaction order will stot rising From one, and will approack and event vally become two, = ~ — b) —— 22 2.23 > a Ha Poy + Ha XN + 7 ~ where X” is an unstabl X" + Oe ae HPO, ee Hgpnbesges intermediate. Then as in the example, pg '1, we write, “WaPo, = £0" 1[0.] ~ hy [HsPo, | tonne w ne: vy = by [HePon [fH T-4 DU by [Loe] +f, (Hep | Yo Thus [x*]= blHsPo, EH" ] + fy Hs? Os] oo +, [Ht] + 4, Loe] — Assomn Jey =O _ we are aavtainty Ree to do tis suce this is our model our brainchild ), replacing, W in Gy then qves vy P = bk, [MaPon JEH*] Cox] Gy ae b,\n']+4, [or] Now when #,loxl>b,(H"] ~ie high ovidiser conceatationn, Eo (ih gues gPo, = Afigro, [fH] = ~~~ == On the other hand then talH*]>-, [Ox] ie, tow owctger concenteatuin Eqs gues ke THyPo3 ~ bbs [hao lox] 28 ao) Eqs (WV) & (v) fit the endence hance the huypothesigach model is accepted. M-M assume that the vevevse Ate ay -- O) 2 | Reactions of © approach i : XK — RIE -- @ r egorklorions quickly ov Ye — a 6h : Be ee B-H assume thot quickly aXe => O 2.2! for MM Ceontved) — Fom @ = bax -© From ©. x=¢ EAE Elunmate & ® X= eS A(o-X) 60 aces From @ TeakeX ---® From @ an =O =k, AE~(katks)% Elommate with k AEX) —fe4ka% =O oY ky or tat? @ _ AB ig a - fee Eqg@ wn © gee Eq@D »@ gues = beAZo. = ka AEo oo e jo ah : ) Mandan aoe ) “This is caltel the Muchaek’s result : Covetauk Cry Noe ; By et ‘analysis of carelul exgenment= Chance , hw J Sid, Chem, IS 553 C1442 favors the S Haldane mechanism choce, “thos we Miechaetis- Menten haber endence cemboyees, his evd vp today with whe so caked equatién’ which 1& m fact the B-H modFeation of the M-M equate 3.1 3.3 3.5 Oy) 7 Since the reachon order, hence concentrahon dependency, is nof known we are not given enough information to A had a rate of reaction at the higher concentrati6n ~t—— For the 2 order Awappearance ofa angle reactant Eye, Py 49 ques oe .DmLULUL oa fe & (2) 4 x, ( l-¥4 Now for 50% converssn: —tegt Fo - “75h Y . 3 . For Sf conversion : too tos) te = \S min tthe extra hme needed is |O minutes q— Smee the Practénal disappearance is independent of mia Concentration we have a first order rate , or ~ ok - In = he --- where C= monomer _ Concenfratum We also can find the rate constant, thus replacing valves dn = &( 34 min) ea a “hee = 0.0065 7mm"! Hence the rate of disappearance ef monomer is quzen by “eee lantern Magoos betting, habits, and his losses, can be, described by 4, - dt - ed - > or An et --~ where $= Toney at hand Now at t-o -- $,siB0 th we ean find) his ‘paspacity® ee 82 | fom ahah ” find his paspaxsty" consternt Ret & don 2 x = On ter! C) 3.7 APter his raise we have tro -- $=? \ -.- From this fine (Contnved) te3he $= 8S 4. For Unchanged boetling holouhs: An 3. = (ome)(s) --- o $= 208 Hewe his rake ig 208-180 -.- o» $18 3.9 For @ first order reversible reachon fk Cho = 0.5 mol /Ait eR | A & Cen =0 the integrated conversion equation in a batch reactor (constant Arolume because iris a dugurd) is quen by —dn (i = X) = (bk Jt Replacing values we then find ode (I= B) w(brbs) Swim the = MS = 0.086628 rave cd Kye O.GET Now from thermodynamics we now that Ce ee “ : Cre be oss dlls ot Sesioat Ths. Cee ~~ dy Solowig G Ey ques [he 2.086OS ~ 9, 020878 ty = O05 TTSO “tus the rate expression forthe duappearance of A -T = 0.057715 Cx ~ oo2e075 Ce ——____- — dew ot Ceti ww! Cus 3. a 4 CD From the table ef data ot Cy =500 t = loomin thos oat t=Shre+loomw = 400 mi Ca = 200 va or Xq = OG eg —_________. [lope : Let A= aera Then by His game alone -(# why a Let = chukea-luck . Then by this gore alone -)- 4,4 i) : db (44) _/44) fe Plasrig A&e simultaneously ea) a (barbed $ sense (ue) From the problem shatement we can frid ey From és, Re From (i), We then use these th (fii) to see how Vong he can ploy both gemes simultaneously, This ts our strategy oe $, i’ Inbegratvig di we get Inge a hye a Or eee Aye pnd and with the data gwen. dd we) * Similarity woth 6) 4, =t e——CSCsCSC Ww $ Inkeqrahig Gy ques In 88 alba Jt -ner- te chy In te ee nae = (yt be) Rane and with (wy & wy t= zy : Je [p00 83's ———_____ 2 Note: This is simply a case of boot order reactions” parallel, See 442. Co) 315 We can test the fit of the Michoelis- Menten type equation ta mang ways, weg val or Afferential We will sleeFch these Afferent s Sieanse ta torn. But Pvst let us transform the M-M equahion into the following osefol fore PM sees é Cat mM” Te bly 7 : a ‘ “uM Cuse this form Integral _ method Integrating a) ce ne Cee slope t ws Jn Chelan _ | ae) as “ i if Cro—Ca Cro-Sa * V inteveapts = he M bn cre/G os | “lore L_-( PlGF the data. Rem) 5 te ~~ \ the fable on the net page + 7 | ao Slope = | oat Dor Rye 187 i Cl Ge belo — a | Oo G0" 7 \nberce pt (- o 08) “4 sh J.-M = 0107 From thie Figure, the constants in Eq, ay ave klar! | INT Ga Ceo | - thus => M = O.97 minal f a Ola + BS In Chola t (cont ved) t CK “Cho-CA__— CoA le ian 109 bas 2 068 La 6.25 3 0.83 1.36 6.39 4 6 a6 (5G 64E 5 6a) 180 6.85 6 o0,b 24d WS 7 0.04 2.65 VT @ 0.04 3.26 8,34 4 0,08 408 47 10 0.006 Sis fo,t _ Ht 0.0025 6.01 Lo Nee Nir etigat ata 0 S.NT for First order Processes f= Obs ee io min o Tb min : After one day a ke “Quiz xis (24- x66) oC Ga 72 =2 = 1.98 x10 > —q—____ Thos the nadicactirity drops to 2x10 of the original value. nny B19 ~ B The tune for complete conversion, ak on vt order reactun from €q, 24, \s an) | = CE (unk “(-4ye 8 I-h he Therefore after { he Xpel, ov CG =O ———_____ 2) B.a1 Filled uth, ) er ne ( L252 atm Guven aces O's raised { are L/ 2A—~B TVabulate o @ @ @ time (mm) Tlatm) alate) — Yo, labo") o dasz) 2s ©. e00> Wee 1.028 Oats = Lot 0.028 1.208 iS 0.982. OND Tow 4 0440 0.428 Sea, y 0405 O5s8 1792, & 0.810 O4982, 2.044 7 asso O44 Z.23z g ©9832 O4te A427 q OBS 6.378 2.646 10 0,400 8.348 2.872 IS: OB4 6,256 3.40 0128 O.204 4,90 ~~ Gwen o Cat Column @)is Dbrawid from Eq 5, or = Pro ~ Se hw) = sas2-F (1282) = 2p-12s2. Try forst evder kmehcs, Fav this plot as ekown \252. _7 We ko nt as lb lue eo , i the reaction is wet fet ade (0¢ 29 PA | Ee ° - vm 20 Ty seumd oder kmehes. Fay this plobas clown s4 ca 8 a good fit so fud the slope a ov Ar atop or 3-Ge de ang a [ fs ; elope = ke aes 0.206 akwo' we” u ——} ‘ os wt kebab at ran | =b.3aG Vip Litfeaot win ce) 32% Let vs try nt order kinetics, Then from Eq 22a, taking rofcas, we get @-Dk te eae eu = =e) GOES, Cho Replacing values gwe, mg \ az re - Ov Ee 4 Co Replacing mw Eq 32a gues $-YkL, = ve (sty " [o- i ke Gaye taal oot _ Heve we ave gwen fr ot # data, so we have two posse Oppoccdhas @ We could Furst taxstrw of pressure a-dvigs wbo conewtotums aud then calue oY cy We could clay wih pressure veadkugs aud then Tran ssfolon oo frat equation mls conconhinhion ons Ler 05 chee with pressuve unt, And let us shah by guessing, fwet order veversible kweties, lwhy reversible @ Recawse ak t=00 therers shill coma Unveacted PA. Se the rake equation we wih fest is Az R dC =k beCe ---- GD Cae we get An(\-%e y= RE ~~~ Xe} Xpo <>) G as \n pressure units this wnibegraked 2xpiesscor) becomes CONT WU yp Pathe ab a. ee ies =e) ko Let us see whether dis equation fits the facts So tabulate & plot a oO 2 boo A5b/ar0 Note: For order rxe 4 AIS 325/e10 Gea ea keand kp have the @ 220 V0.0 =\ ‘Oo. 216 ho ~\cest some value, time’ i ao {©/ G10 = |.U1Be + as 5/10 ~ 2.2341 20 ‘50 ° = 9° . eo 2 fea ay the slope = ae = Ta4 fo Ay = 0.1298 wins! Pa-160 Oe an -\ An PAE ~ SFA = e205!) pp On diwvding. both sides by RT { we obo | ACp 0 wo \ . =-T,= O01 ' ae Tp AAS Cp Tea. ~2 8 Lime, iin S lo ‘Ss what this si WS is that if we have Wdothermat BD oder kinetics we can use pros Cy without changmye the rahe covctauts Ce) BAT Grwice we are told thar the reaction is elewewtavy the stoinometric equation chaws that the reaction s 2! order, £0 for a small relate concentration change vie can wnte ACA a2 — = =kG, At : wal by k= 8 1, = = 02h oe = Gv 5 hay a, fe © EE TE we UIA wolfe) 5 { ee Ce ee iy % 24 = 2\—~B Cyt Ae oS G Amok of AorB: 8B at Araount of mae + Om. On y V=08Vo a a Fora fst order reaction tn a vanalele a volume set-up, we have From E414 g, . win (Ae A = arte) te sore dn (455°) = RBmin ‘A Ou he “E0231 mine eg 3.31 Ttheounits of the rate constant tells thar this is a 2 order reaction Yer ~the kee = ke Ce “hos or ke Co dat adn ko~ & CH So to bud the value of the vate condant, 6, baud Yes & we must plot Ink os Vr, the slope ques Eye ant the inteveagt gives ky. Let us follow this proceduve Ge) a Fuet letus tabolate €ontinued) Tee Te week Ante 50e 81 0.00128, 01059 — 64 T4 427 ‘Too 0.001%, 2.0031 SLT TY 39% bee 6.00\502 000588 = 7,4388 356 Gent ©.00\640 B09 xine =~ U422B 213 B4e 0001822 Ogeloe 19,6753 Next plot os chown beferw . ~From Eq uy and this graph. oo. 2 Se e R 0.00188 -6,.00u4 _ -l = 22727, K Ak -to £ . s+ Se ©.00} O00us — Oro arits TT “To fad the Value. of ko take the sect data por, From Eq od dnty= Ink —- E (4 SST TOY — 22727 (qhg) = 33.2434 Oo ky = 27827 1 ob xio” So bi the Lernperature range covered m the reported data Vy = 4.06 x10" ea ce . a Take 200 moles of foas gos. Considey A Ot XysO V=2004-+1008+08 = 300 ¢ s _ 00-300 2 ge eee nS Ok Xp =i V= OA~l0oR+200R =100 ° S00 3 New corader & At %g-O Y=S0e0 Lg. = foe- 300, 4 OF Yael V=l00k+0B+tooR = 200! . 200 S b> from Eas _ 200-50 =04 oo 200- (2)50 he OlnOaT = |.Q --- impossible —<-—— \oo Cro = 100 gos Cay =200 A+B 2B Ca =20 ea? aaeeae Te =400K T=200K ‘fy =Atate W= 2 atm Since the number of moles is onchangeh E,=0 aw €,=0 Cis) AS (T 4/22 eye Gontinvad’) et a) “Ucn Maooxs = ee = 0.3 ——___ ie Ca (TM ie Laonhe Cha tate y= bo Xm GGoeYos> Sa. | a OM GQ Go 200 eee A7 A--31r 1 tir fom — aL) 28 tf het X be the frackeoin of popcown popped, the conversion I-K te then the frachion onpopped Ovtlet = 31x +C-O1 - 28 Ait few oc At oa ~the Fraction paged, BN By the Afiition of Eq To B we haye oT loos awe! = Ci From the chscussion Following Eq a4 E ie somewhat lece tran Tmin because the density decreases with conversion, Ttherefire € > \win Disevesion \f we really needed it we covlel denve E ae follows, For a Aferenmal section of plug Mow reactor de = ) - j corabining and witegrat wg Qwves. av = | the express an for % jor with Crm sue Cmte) = Ga mie Kae A = Ake 4 tc (ae oe [= a <= Cat Wen, Fae changes with. for linear exgansctn COM ENScon, Moke thar knowing 1 (28 does not allow ve to Find & a = unless —mallay ws eda or anyuey | dont see any need to fxd = excoplh in tracer studies, SB foe the med Flow reactor or ae HC _ Ste Ge 181 gy mot : ” Vie ae ee ond ys Swe Sue 0,0002-O gy ol v om Fitewon SS Cro 100 mmalfit : hace Cay = 200 wrest fit ——L) > oo we 200% Ke, aes “yee Cmnot Das wain For a. DY order reackion, Eq Su gwes n-¥, Co At Cig (M=NY mde | Bote | eg Se MO-%S bee tthe M= 200 =2 Replacing a values [2-094 J 2.00 (1Y01dA-1) =e | — | = 6.256 |2Q-oaery . = 0.2) min There foe, v= = (0.2)lé0s) = (24 2 5.1 Fiver find the rate content: 4 =H, = tnt, -orsreaaj! then fy med ftow, Eq Wa gues a ) \ eotee eo > a VHee " \eGesapa0 #1 Flochim of ochwity removed = 02 20.8 = Bg, —+— 6.4 From Eq 358, for tis M-M type reackoin , Vv SG ty ade Be se Go-60 Inserting k= 0.1, ka=05, W=25, Cig=2 ard Cy Ol we get vee [a 2 408 @-os, ec ao Ell Cao = inet Jit 2 Ww = AS At/mn ( p=) wre 2 Oin Ve? C OSG, Fivst af all Cy =Cpgli-Xp=2 (09s =0 teem Then fav mixaa Flow CpG — 28 (2~01) V= oe ft? _ SON = as Oyo. 4qQels hr = 25w-+ Bay Fho = (0 ml/h - - ee Ons %y phos — Yo wate : L Pig Egy + GH Teougqte, Se = (lol eo he Mtb arws Ve% Fov a \Povder reachin k See 1M (ie MO Evaluate terms grate coord Pro Wax & Ce = er —— = 0 wet RT (vez ABZ ~ ta k = to hen) Fao = (0 mol/ hr @= 05 «—— | Replacing im ©) Ques a Vas Gay (+05) da Bw —OsYo7s) = ie ———-_— il Sis ZAR Wh -G = 0.054", mir s Evaluate tems > 2 2-05 ce fte=S fos €, Bo for rnvcad £00 oS 5 2 i+ (osXosy ~ & dyn NER _ 2.05 x08” ROS”) = 0.08TS Lith = 2.25 Dies Cae oe 0.08TS Lithe 225 Iain isa] 20% oxone (A) ¢ 20, —~ B02 B0% aie SE me hy ~ as | lit/s tra ~ ya ket F3%. ozone k= 0.08 Lit/mot-s oe nd . - Fora 2™ order reaction with expansion, Eq 25 gives ) Ve ak {a G (ire) An Gx) + a + Gt 7 Evaluate tevms. feo Gs a2 rwol “no = * © coz yabey = OO! LE ae Neto. ay Replacing im GY gues Ves & ayo: povoon 12: ‘Mtr An (a5) -+ OY G5) 4 © wy ce a j Ss de Ao 5 2 ae Varios Cy A+ 2R Lab Bo0%e. : f tae Find a rake eqvakon _— Go%n te _ _ Cho Cro Ene _ \20(R0- GE a Vv Ct cic, 42g pw tabulate ¥ as oF oes a. Blin fees sci each 0.06 20 3% 0556 WATT st Re Slope n=Q 048 Co ue Lise} = L778 * log len) =A0g k 43 beaa Oe 30. oo Val lava, ev OS563 = logk +A(1477) Gi 19S wa Wie2 207 ool “h, xO.cos gwen dare oe =F = 0,004 Ca Ge 5:21 the approad, which probabl first comes to mined is to fd a rate equahin to represent” the data, fist order, send, ate, and then wiregrake ir to ge the twe; thes —— an ee ee taf 8 Sy, since eno ETA) gine ql ' from J =e But a quick, plot of the data shows that no suple r\ rate form of chapter Swill fit the data sso 2 \ it looks like this approach wont work. A re — A Wah. a bik more ahevaht we see that We were not asked to find a vate equation, we were fest asked foy t, anc that this cold be clone b solving the general desan equation , > 4 dwectly by qraphiced proceclures, het us cho this, Qo Average weg eas ) 4 I) 7 a Cho - Area sto a4 - Te ic AE ws - : + - [1s tai | [acon] wot or £=12.75 min —<—— {Cy Cho this is the more general way of solving, this problem swie of does wor require 4 we desenbe the rate by an equatiin, Cho = U2 root [dik Ct Fao = loo wel /he (Lt) Ka 0.18 51%@) Gwen Since this is a liquid reachon €,=0, so He =\-Xq or Cap =Gro(\-Xaed =12 (\-B1S) = OS what From the perfor mance, eqvaton t ee for micas Flo, Eq 13, a || Gee fig Hh) \y = tho, Chen Se Cro Te 4b) If Fie ‘6 doublet ubile all ele remasied unchanged wesee from V2 Te. Cho Cit that V is clowed, Cho ~The oc Y= So li, —g—__-__— In dovbloig c. Reepiig all else the same, inclualng, fo, we get = He Gore Ceo =m eo Va 2967 Lt g———— ¢) nee 5,18 @) For a mixed Flow reactor, uth =O, we find the rate of reacktim From Eq \d, Thus we tabulate as follows t+ -db 2 ——~— --tG tysen Cho Cheat 4K” Sre-Crour 300 2 0.65 2oofta-ous) = 22% 240 2 0.92 222, 250 2 loo 250 HO 1 0.56 250 360 I O37 572. a4 O48 OAD 400 200 O48 0,28 (000 60 OH 0,20 2000 Holding time for plug Flow. Pag Flow : : 8 Creo, We may solve this by using converscons as %jn075" suggested in athe fext. However since E20 Leyte? : the use of concentrations poses no problems Ler us use this. Then the performance expression is Eq. 19, or re (stn. —Th =] So tabulate A as cheb om she fable above. vu - Now a plot of Cy os -Th gives a figure hike His, This indicates that no simple rate expressiin , say nit order, will fit the data, hence solve gmpheatty. This is done by plottnig Chos Mem) onc hegrabiag. , 0® iG Grea = -{ ae BOO sec “K O20 & for a. peg flow reactor Tet = B00 sec ——g————_—_ ax Cube!) 5A1q Since che yat contams ~44% erhanot | guess thet wlotloit fell—ctead drunl— mito the vat. This would decrease the Volume available for fluid. Lets see’ (E Ahis coold account for the decease iy conversion of goeglion . Secondl Lys Suce ethawal 1s ‘m Vouy lavge excBS WE can vreagonally assume pseuto fursk order kwetics tat vespect ty geogion (AD, So Br mimes Few Eq\3 gies, for before & after x Son oe by = Cy oe oto te. OTIS Smee Vo/y, = GAY we have Va = 100(Fad=TS Imp gpl Sp the decreage 'm volume ‘is 2V = (00-1 = 25 (up. gv \OeHLON (1 2 or @S me @)( Te St) Gate = Aol £2 Leb os see P this is Iwbibitd volume, With his density bang 62sa /ee oe AB ctone (\4-H6/elore)) 1S volume ig (18 store Ciel nD \webrbits volume eae a4?) 4,04 {P Wese volumes garee co lmbilit could well be wh the vak ( Ths hypothesis, ov gvess does fit the facts 3 by Why Aid Watson never come ue unth tus explanation’ Because Smoking nea 1%, aleohol was not Feally coal ——— Nole « Watson was net knowledgealte on pekhng. You ore Aull for pickling in brine, “ant alcoho ws + of covtse everyone knows that { Ing.gat 1 the volume Bp LOR H20, ove that { dime weghs 4 #. ZO 5.24 (extension ob problem S23) Gun a gee phase peacton ZA RS \ atin r DAS : Cage \00 meV ne oa zy re AS, convercum 20% rnerts heed “\o0%. bo Moot = 100( 88) = 125 mV ne From the given Pao = O@arm Pag = Oot etm Fav med Hew we must fu8 the tate ab the aut condcteons. then we can proceed to finckire Me reactor S32. So dvaw on accurate ~ vs t corve avd fond tha sloge (hence vere) af pa = ott ck to £ see 240 The per formance equation fov virxed flow, Eq \Bwn pressure onits is Vo _ Pro- Pm OB -0.04 : Vet ete = oe = 202667 s gs COvb/eo) Bur T= so evaluate from pora nT These gee RT _ (2S )(0.08206 1D _ got bt/ue e as SY aT 026.672) (26a Ete 1/2002) Polo 22 lo ge om 6% 6.5 @e) For q second order reaction; kT = te=£a. > £0 for the two reactors tf an = be OO _O5-myed bt Cro-Hd/ef, Si-O Yos* . ACs 05 = Cy. there fore Cop. = 0.25 wal (Lib $$ $$$ For Ye secon ovder reaction forthe mixed Flow reactor: kts = coc . ‘ £0 fo the plug flow react: fon = aka = 4 Te Coe ERT Cay AG F8 Cpe = Ol Com) = 0 wolf x of Oe Zt) ~ Ty = Qwecks = 20160 min Radroachie decay follows ict excter kwehes, co here ke Ad = 06721 9.0495 min”! ty emin > co HA LS SS ~6 ae = \00IT x10 0495(20160) |~ : * Go” Ce KE) ae ie Se 0.04% Tp a = loon i078 = foe ee An. OOITx jo) : fev ae MER ee = BTU win = AOS he 6:7 Co L rool Jit Caz 0.01 C =ty, = A tol 2 0dikar a Sa 2868 Erwin \. or Iris best to sale this graphically. thus by the method of PreownZakion of rectangles Ch Cae. ashe —_——— Te ey . 1 ie es o4 Ss ~L \ 2. Zz of 3 4 ; 0% BS a a 0.01 ar 4 ne . x lo On fo aM = 27100) = 27 Lit VT ae .dvig Nand & w slowly keep %y hgh keep Ke hiqn Dont hose an eneass a ether Kov® 1S for see) keep alow, but oe ee Ca low, but C nigh "LT Gwen da R, teak Cy _ oe = & Ge tee A\so Cegen (LSE Cape 03 oe For mvced flow im the fiat roadoy 1 LT min S and Coq = 02} + tolo4Yo.o74s)= 0.998 —t—___— Cygco-— a5 Se az Teak to RS lesbo ke=2mm7! ee c a Fivst determme oe YR) eee GA) — ORC +R, «Lt O2CR ae 40 S| OCoraq - {den “4 : : ("° 4 lease, | ba dn fito2q)| = Slntg =6 I 18 yaa) Cs=8 a a Ce =2D . ( aa ee ST” hee conte a B40 G™ OH) TQAGE CS | 2 TN To maximze Cy ina MER First look at the O(%A) os Ca curve 4 Ca G(R ae te Soe 100 POS. draw the .. / Maxiwmnirat 4s */so eune the aves t 200 hs Me veckanghe 5S "ho = : 2 ° Op) = 2 AG | ONG 42C | Method 1 Solve anatyheoll \ a ao 1 8s | Ce = Cae) = EBS (40- Ga) Ae Ho-2ey)Menss) -(40C, G2) _ =0 —orG=t0 | : Cesy> a Ce= 10! Mothad 2 Sel Ne graphically by morimeng the shaded rectmagle aay ap Pe ae = SAO Ah 40-10 “Tx ONCE TA ONGC # ALO) Be bo 7 2 = TNX Pea + oC). a Stet egy & BO WHY uw? Cam Self? OA 2 Ge Cc =. Determne 9 WAS = Epc, 4 t00Cg, Cpe "LAS po 30 orto) Cop = [gC dee -{ Ce ey = [Cee ve Ce &e e& pore =p c "130 Cp oe -{ Ae AG, = | 6 de Ge0)| = 832, . 3B So Cet _ (B68 . CD Cee B32 a : Cho foe r Bo oie (eG ea ne J Finely fe oe ao Bot, + 002) ~ « Ve, acy 13) Bo rae ee at TATA Nlenaves questén — Whar ts the resott ofa cumgle bate? Let F= the number of French ehps, and let B= the wymnber of Sabi chips. Then accovding to the pidlem stabement ase) Awidig one by the other es ole Fo alumnae. Ae bums, de E 7 ABB pe f vanalcte (os wil, wulhple de 4 veackwoms) We see Sepavatmg aud v : e ¢ ud “ees gves a ; | Fae “| BdB --- of H-F* = BF-@ & Bo \Pwe start with, fo=3S € BoA], then atthe end of he boitle Bao. Ths replacag im Oy ques Pssv-a]” =260 oor FSAI € ships —qy—____ Ge) Gort Nelsons question What is the result of2 balls & sucession? Let the Brihen fight € ships in dhe 1 Wattle, then Fork shige wn he 2" Replying yoy to the two baltles we have h fae Yor the 7 bale 5 Bra f td ARS Wreons that the Fov the 2 loanle BPO = G|-O¥-0 |f ships we at a. : 1 desbeyed OWwown"' Wes = . a a ee ee 6 ‘lo maximae By tale set =o From whid, we fig £= 2, “thos the Batish should Fight Ye the fends Meet th each battle, So fv Fate ot] we Fiid that the Brite ave le ext B=) Wee, ov AD fo Ih skips ——$$______— 1 The difference w the two answers shoe haw math. affected Cavopeas story, Comment Equakon 6 represents the SQuaRe FirePowee Law This cays that the strong ha force is proportional to the sqyawe, of ts firepower, and it ples to battles wah cooperative actin. thes + Togas taork ng, togele ag a team can take on 6 others --- one aka tiie, The Brith war of fice hac a couple of mathematicans on their staf who exseree did the above calcdlation, the Frewk tailtary probaldy lleve nore ‘peoctéal, aud didnt spend money on “vseless activities tt would be interestma to consider hitoncal battles (Thermopolae, TuHand, Coral sea, querrda vonfe) from the standpoint of this law. Far more on this sobect ‘see the Bn on Mathematis & Warfare in "World of Mathematics” by James Newman. This problem has Mean lnterestwig extensions: suppose K Values ave unequal , Soppose a 34 posty fights Leth, (crag solsiin), hos te mirwmde the told king bot still achieve « Aecsim, de, Bl Imstant 8, ae oh og a &5) cba slonly 4) kines \— oP [ RS) Grkfec, BB Guess A-P RS Now check Fig 4, This shows thor athe yesults dat fib these kwetes Next guess ace Gee | a [ Then ov mined Mowe % = PKeo ktm alnidiag gives = = i = Couctouh ra Corteo § foe Ea. This agveas with the observed so we conclude trot Nes w MRECA ( ky =\S ke — (Covivnved) ake ~ Yeue A whe * cw we a R =A G-eM)-Lee Ingo(i-e > oa) DIEZ coviected. From 4 Si Ao = 2072 - = 240 Jn 20 =T20 wa =\2 Ww Bo ak bom 45% ofthe days gasvoge Wl have been enllected CeyTwhe when hints Full, the will accor whee BELp=0. So from Bau ak. os oo rs—sS Aqe ee ree ‘ Vesa ey — The hime , From Eq. (iy 240 = wae “FO. oy ted Inb 430 fee : hy Max contents of the bon Or (-29 9m maq——_____c) Rua, = W440()~ 2 io) AGO ~- Of Ry ay, = h3O tons by By The bin emptes when R =O, Ago look af Eq hs Reo stan (ie Yr) — oy en foo at 24 Solve by bial & arver € = (426 mn =23hv S6 win € 6.86 am—gG——_____. q) Frrrr—~..—~—r—=C=i by We should have a falling temperatuye when E,>Es od E c “We 7 ie tee 02 —t——-c) WB ay Check for consistency By maternal balance: b= Vj = Yq © \Scoe Rut from the experimental curve # =the +21%2) = 20 see The tracer comes. but 4po late. Thus the exparmen! was done weorvectty. — Ineonersheut aq, Something is wrong Compave ———— Say From experiment - . ay Mean af the curve: & = aS sols Byes Go-8) 2G los = 60 days Area under the cowe: As {20-28 oe = Sas Units daus From the maternal balance Avea =" oO ky Also becavee E = x * =(fyv = 60 days (000% Ose A140 mm” — by -emesenmntatectee neni ORT REET, Ge) WT Calculate the converscm for Cao = \ wot {Lit DB og Cmte in) CAE The performance Aqpabin is eo © KE pa, EA 9 ° 7 Frome 9.29 a, > HD EGE E BY ~ CbM2d0t =I fo bee lratenal c ow fi ah-e - oO : : 3 ae = (Ge dae = S(-e) \, ekQnyed oO e eae os Ky = Se NF Calculate the COnVelsion, for Cho =6 c _ A = - (o-# Lat =o ,O Ce G aa é| a ED nt Calculate the conversion for Cro = Ost wot JAE —- QR fo . ~ Cpe = 0% mai Plak rary, zere oder Per formauee equaturr oo. Cho” | Gy Ee q — Zevo ovder From Pg 21% & ke oe Oo Se ON Las Go ee ae ws for EK SE 5 Se = 3.33 man Sa a =O ~~ for £43.33 may we wethng leaues the veactoy before 4 min, so everyting, Zeck oO ND For the celia parteles Ebr! — 7 \ a } fe Oueoe| =X =|C-O Edt - (6-£ bent dt | \ Oo Gath mt 3 (jo oe -(- =P e ant = (8) lay pag EY TOPS 2 tees Ces OGlo eg Estas carer at GE, 1S vai Aces — sbids ave ce Plug tera of a Well moyced Ge tgedoee le tae kG end" Le Comersion of A Aisveleased of toe. UniPormly b: ee [2 a Ce - ake =e ecle Go KOE = fe OSde -os [2 dt s0Se [OMe vo Xp = OBET I ee¢Q—— \ foctuen of A decom posed Ga) lay This looks hke two plug flow omits ‘ “a { & side by side. from Fig 1 tod, co ; > | Vota = Wk? ond Os (w% me have L de I 7 Ie : Ri fs, Ves. Oi eam 74 ven Yeuig Ve, : nf eles ot wet Sicog— erence gee eeeeeeeeeeaee: a) Vpa-0.4 12.3 Ths looks like a mxed flow ort. Look af Fig. Here 9.308 €=3 . or BEB raul Ox Periment Bob we kun Shah EeYe eo whan Be less Gthere vo tracer — denser than the fisid, adeorks on the wails ofthe vessel, eh or some thing elso is wrong. check, the expen weuk — Uhep vecponse oa Kk Pulse : Ore vesyonse Cc puke sep — co cena aaa ll 0 ols 2 Vp Us, Voy ' yz. From, the pulse Yesponee curve Vpi =i (0s) 0.8 (0715) =06 . V2 = (2) =O2(Q2)204 = . mole: no dead ) space Vy =0.6 ed ce Paleo fespouse | assome an 2ygonential decry eb, sec x Gey mixed flony alone Hrs cold be bose, However, Hes Curve comes ovt 2owly meaning dead spaces ave preseur Wis tracey cowe chows that © =Ao sea, thus Vga ZB Vy = Yam and? our Pim model is Nz oe 2, UE "Yeni IZAL Gwen ‘chal : Sa, Ideal Uz=20 as < 2 OE oo 4 =\00 oo Gg7® 2 Ok Cyp= 120 2 6 oo S a (ae Madea > © Yet oe) Wis not necessary to dio Hits, bub ths Assempt.on makes the calelahiOus, cumpler, Fivet let Ce=t00 } Jp = 100 Now tatea a wakenal balance aboot the mveiag Row Oy Cra + 3 Gra = Cop ev — 2.0(\00) + BOC, = 100(40) ov Cap = Ood+ 296003 ts Next evaluate the vate conctant & from the actual Qu? MER. Fov a 2° over ceachon A+@®—-R+S ... Choate we hove we Ma tore = “She Cho= Spa, loo ~ ks fee. SL. OTIS Ce oss ee i Gy, 2 Finatly , for the ideal reactor Vides _ Cho =Cas o ke or \ Cro-Gs 60-40 a = Sos 06 = O26 en] —— \. ie ke War aa : Gl 18-1 ENaluate the mtensty oF dheperscon er the ywiddle We 0S1S(400) = 230 bq cab ————___by wy _ OF c) fav Completely maxed flow ee =e *s Ws 400 (34,) = 444 ba cab gc) 1S : ae : 18-5 A--3R, Nel -- Pevder eo Cn =O: Say ie volume doe a. ees Ca) eutev into the ead Gat) caleatatons, | Mp = Cho & 2-os ne ge As S82 nob MER 2415) Mixed flow reactor la Hore _ 204) Wp 2(osy ~We Bkg loop volume 2 = 2 = 68 O02 koe = -thefg™™ \(c, oa Cho=2 veal An” q OB el + So, A- SO% erts ol kg ne wre Whe Thos ‘8-7 Given AR, Gyo = 1 rf? ~ Tt — co Wo Caky = on ae med flor) W=4.g- ov ot _ Che Xy07 Ffivet find the rate at the 3 condor’ he a wo Xm Cy HHS Cre) S 02 8 weyers as ‘Vhevehire Lovo ovder 2 Ce 1o(osy2fe =.S oe nel lz oS § olesMaYen \S Cha WS bg or a 189 forthe basket reactor (mixeat flow) we hase Cy Fo Xa Og Ver ra 2 Oly 02 028 ast 6 on2 OF Lee 0598S 4+ MbT 06 \0.02 On an 2 2s 08 20 0.05 1 las Og Ws 9.089 foy the packod bed So Watie fe ais B22 5 g é (Bart ir=\000 ine ple FOC Chp= 00 rien? A> ODI, ? 6 he this is the vote of- & : or plyg Fw i a = Bie a’. Woe, ( due 2 f ae 1 | leo02m Ms aCe) SA = a c, pee ee be 008m \ntegration gues (cee Eq 2580) bit! = [dn Se +k Go-<)] wo OW = [a + ke Chon€ »| he = ToVne ~ (f oe +002. ;(oo-22) = CA19 ig cob ag NAAR SEN 31S We= 10 pe Cho = On nol Jy 2 38 ; (f= i Cogs 10 man? Cwatt bg a= Ob Cae 3 A op Meg he For Cp =O01C Bo we can assume thar Ce constant =Ceo= lO ral te Oy! = OLC KG = ObG LOS = GC, teW a4 04 ele oo Jo Fov a first pyder reaction Jie c ~ky —6 Coury a= 2 = 0.0907 therefore X= 90.9% \ fi —_ XQ 0.109% Cir) (BAS Sketch oot what we know at the start:— Geyes TS eet @ oo : o Too’, f, 28105 “Wy Xa : Lam eat ' oe ao q AX fe Cw) z Ao 142 Xq nal ie Comal aoe a foe RT Goeacay carey =O! ml/h Now from the performance expression, Gi, we can find —g' 3 the data awe Gy. from these 2 quantities we should fd a cate equation. Se talaslate, oe Me Re See Ge a's A 0.08 08 0.4/6 10 Cru) = 0704 0.05 Os os/2, ad 055 O02 Od O8/4 Om 0.228 0.01 ON oM/a ot o.01s 0,005 0,005 O.95A.l O05 0.0482. Let us start boy Trung to fit a fest order reachdn, the simplest / of vate forms. For this sumply plot ~/ os Casas shown below k We gives a good straight -lwne Gr to} of slope 10, thus ovr rate 7 equatin is ask h “4! ia ———_—_— | oy, |e hesgmeat | \ nays ods = =. | 8 0.08 dik wids/,, sgneat Ce) : We2 (SIT Che = Dalit ( vedielame = 4 i AR i Vi aa oA KE Up = 4 ht/ee ) R=co ta find the rate. constant Fret note that with Raw we howe raced flow. The perv mance equation & then te! NGre a WL Choe Spee ee ee cole! a 45, Cho <4 use these hwo bers Wo CK =U hib/hr Q-asyrayy Jaz OEY Waly > Ba Greene 2 gm (o\ For a packed bed (ascome plog How) = 1000 Kit/ he Se Cho = \ wd Jur we? fou pig Flow Powe a WLS Chey | WoO | [Damage Vat | > 20006 oSoWe DA ooh. gucaks we Qte = ~q— Add wert sdtids This does not change the cate equahion --- Ty = k'Ge ov the pel foiwance equation --- wn (Aey oy Therefove adding, werts mokes the reactoy lagger bur cles not change the weight of coboly et | necded for the process ag. This batch cuculafem system is 0 constant wy Volume system, so @,=O0 + 2am cak, 2h—eR Fish change. pa to Ce Pre 101825.. = 9m woly> 6.54 (609) aud from Eqte Sf oko a ee acer 4 ar a foo Pr = Phot ie 2 Hol be io oe 8 = 2 2B 06t O28 Gly ia OLBd aAt os ‘ en G ~ Ie 0.60 = zy 128 O2s = DRA eo dy 2 Oss 0643 OS Tabulate the doko ——~~ a Tarada eal 7) frow q0\— seem ovdlav teat - a Seund evded eee aoe ©. good @Waugnr { hne OF L fitet order does vot give a 26 o. slieught hae = i \ ge reget or Sy 8 O> “Slope = 080.05 InG = O05 ou ee SG ° tem } ° {0 20 20 } Therefore the rate 2qvahion th 4 Ta=0.026C* “te se | or tie ¥ 10006 sn in? io \ Akg 9 19.21 = 6mm Gwen AR, “1” 01K, mel 5s 3 . a app LO a 6 Fund the eM tetr factor & the Amo Chg = 100 wool /w slowed by diffusa Fov nit evder ves M ade nent ecg Tel 2 3, te = 6m? 5) Guycion®" = Ser fan We 5 2,073 ob from he chau of Fig Bore: © = O.0% et} Note If we mctaleuly acsume (PC ovded kwehes co 108g _, {Re © eo fon oe Lip! = O-B2 ov &=4 1623 Ron dp W Cao 9 Xa Ca ki Cree : i) 2 1 oe 4 04 bo CG / Cee How 2 124 00 8 oO6 ro a +e Wen For no atffreron renetance. k2/k/, =1 } : bot flow the dara Fa! = We kyle d : For strong rexctance, Yel= Soya, ~ Ya 4 we ave w the mbevmediate requine behoeen clone & wo pore % Bpesion, cesanacet dp W Cap Xa Ca -Ty’= eZ) = kG * : SS = Wi = EK ee oA io 0 Oe co O20, 20,5 = b/ (boy 0.008% © 100 & G1 30 bbls, ~05 = WG) 0.0107 es — = gen for winced ow Why = Xe Skee, kali! oe AViden. His FUR was made Wh he vege of slong pave Affuscm fesictorce — Tatas ey = OK (8.27 Oriquat pellet Propoces petlel ip O.0b mn Gras, — Shrovg pore Adfficesin SSR) vod. _ Vaehueein Hevoughouly 7 Glows = 25% shrens pore ch{Rrener wnndiet io rwero- macro pellet rege shrong diffisem Tessa A grays a (oe - no cffusim resistance bemoan qraug pal Nep 2 eee Nia I, 2" sal Mela bau feYQ, o> Sve a. oe =00 oy Wow = 55 Woe Conedenns the void volowa behooen gras = \ ) Veow = Vola ToS’ Kea 7 00182 Vow £ Wah His no catalyst we need Vw Beghr of the ongwar catalyst ar 1.32% the volome of the ovigwal reactor —* 85 EE REREEEEE ET to this? F we make the VC a The septem given J should be equivalent apres time correction, So what ne are qwen is wwlreg el dake th alc we know Ka ab vanous Va/ Fes See sketch. Now X,=05 at Py=BOmm, & this occurs after 277 seckons BT Tomcat) Peat "Too ake — Seen, 5 = 8400 SSS He” (10S \(sgizons) = fhm for part a and fora Peed Frys tom mat A/ie : cwPeaksee) / 108 musi A/| | Bepatty Vis too) (ee) ayy | --— eth es 3 i ' = 2,34 Kip cm? = 2.34 m? —q——____—. a) ° a a Te le He or em? catalyst 317 B22 : “t by) For A+2SR Sqais & From gh = ce. we fmd Prot = Tb0(0.2851) for XpoOS. Thus the amavit of catalyst needed is B22 wstead of BVT m. loth all ase unchanged Vy 22:34 m (282) = 5:1 m? of cakalyst bad —q——— b) Inert stream ay 08S % oO 150 900 Plug Flow i 0-85 we wn Eg =((00) (2-124) = 212-4 ra ao Heat added ahead of the reactor Q=f& = a =2. 1 = Tao Cp AT = (100) (40) (200-300) = 2-410 Fe Heat removed from the reactor Qa = Fay Xal-sHy) + RyCplat? = (100)(0-85) (g0000) + (100)l40) L700 -75) = 714x108 T/ w= 220k stp am Si Xa=o.8S Q=24mw Q@2=74mw 0-2 OF 06 08 bo adiabatic reactor ea ae P0000 #90 20% A- 80% inert, slope= —2— = i IQS Vs Xa graph let us construct se From this graph we can see that recycle flow is best and R= seg = 225, | We fi, SA = (loova.a)l0.75)(22-2) = 32k eee | Neat duty 2 O= For CpAT — FiXn (-aHr) = (100)(40)(225-300) —(20}(0-75) (#0000) = 118 S/S eee Cheating) Wo = olovean) =100(8.919) = 381.9 kg Rake is Ye of that given ra the chart O83 erry | finiens | AY eves, « | /( 0.66 G6=23% On¢(2a.*) Tt et = BOT | : re 0 OS Obb O85 Xp 9) ne Gas Hear doby : Q, = fo (GAT) ~ Xa CAN = 100) 40 (ais -200) - 0.66 (+ 80005) | =-B.2MW (remove Qx | FrolEpand ~% Care) | = 100 | 40 (160-81) — 0.14 (4800005 =-L.738 Mw h (4) i : Arnie aroony Tue Xe hagtam (Fig (0) is then from the © Mean a degen 50) c Uptegtits che k No dye pote Lo o me second stage) ee Bye Rist stage X & 085 vo "TSe BS FEinal_desiqny Wel?Tekg — Xqs be Wh. = 2814 eg 200k ASK i WSK (ROK Sere isk : », ae = eee 38%) | Xqn 08S a : er - Quaty= 8.2.00) Qooty = WTB MW) 19:19 20% A- 80%B , X=0-85 slope =—Se__ = 40xs_ Lt Pe = ane = “go000 = Fos Plug flow with recycle is best. as} Reaction rate is Ys of that in the chart. 1 J wi ae 92.8 ka Heat duty 1 = Fao Cp AT )= (20)(200) (650-300) = 4x10 5/6 (heating) Oz = FroCp (aT) =(20)(200) (670-880) = - 0.84 x108 T/s (coal ing) Note that this solution was obtained after a Few trials. =0.58 7 wn bok OK 300k gan _GE9% TK prrTTD eae ( wed out=984 kw BBoK 12a 4.21 Injection of cold feed = 4oxz0 slope= “Sege6 area2=221 Fraction of feed A that gees to the first reactor ous. 1831 Wi = Foy areal =(Sx0-71831)( 84) = 327 kg | , i = ) a W, = 43H ka Wa = fa, orea2 =(52(221) = nos kg “tokat AS, Q@= Fay: Cp T) = (*9-1831)(800) (670-300) = 122x103 (heating) Note: only one heat oxchancer it Nete Only hang Fig e332 2 maar 90k 30x - Qin =l22mw CD 20.\ ne Refer to Example 1, from alich we have IH tons § =Ouae f,-000\ | A= 0.22 Eps 06 fe = 0.047 f f 04 Ky= OGth st Fe =0252 Kee 201235 Mere 2(2.818) = 5.5 Tm The performance Baglessvin becomes dn Be L oe i SSIs = 0415 (18568) =0.17 CK On Os a Ca 7 see Fg io a = -+ or --- Xa= Sag ee ee 20 -% : Salve the material balances L = Ay> Oulbrn y EE Tone Us, 0.11 (g4S* =0.11 (98x06 = 0.090% v/s k Uy = O20 -0.03+OBTOY = AG w/e 5 02-03 ee ee \- G08) 1-0.2327TD = O64 % 7 Kye 2 AS (S22). 5.05 (Coxe) * (aa fo. oa GT Kees 6.17 (ee Guerout * = 6.3604 5! f, = 0.00) : f= 0.2321 los) ee [ae ~Od¥—g TOP | = 0.06%! 2 .o28e6 £0 =(1- 0.6164) 0.0626 — 8.001 = 0.2190 ow “ooo ore “ CAUHES = doo F Cob A, Gto _[o.001 oa*= : : — | — BTR O.0K%— 0.9) 4 a ee eee: | 0.2821 (6.260%)* 3-208 | [ 2 0827 | 4 = 0.9102 ¢ oe Ge = OMS or X, <558 4 —g—____—_ AD 43) 20.5 + 22.83 m Salve the maternal balauce is oe OL = 011 (484042) = 1.2542 m/e o eee Aly, = 0.15 -0.03 412592 = 1.3742 w/s 7 S = (0is- 209) 2792, = 0.087 Ups 0.155 €, =\-C-eS 3-008) = 0.5425 iG So Ya | o.02\ , sag | (2x0 ¥* (3991 _ oo cuo ot ee Oe ee - 25421 aq gt a) J 4, 20.00| , | £, s008765)) [_26e%s_ 402% | = 0074 f 204565 [lts - 003/o5 3 fae (10.5495) — 0.0204 ~ Oot = 0.4346 3 oe = WeaC-ee = ee (PI(-0.543s) = AZ — Boe (6.%e)* onze (02), alo. 0263 | sire = 0.2124 > Cag Gey FOB X= 20-7 Ndlg= ht m Aga solve A, 20.22m py = Lb w/e Un = 06-0034 126 = |. BS m/s S 2 28-99% Lo aus (2a &p = \-(Los\Ci-oausy - 0.6558 UysObw/s Ky. = abuts? : 7 | Examgle 4 cae Kee = OMDB 20-1 f, = 0.09% 1 eomhinved ( ax002/as | £, 20.25 (1-05) [Tne=oh6 408% | = O.07THB feoene } fe = (1-0.558>—0.0748-0.001 = 0.2604 2 Hore = Whate-e) = 1% 000 (2d li-0.655 8) = OATES mm q f ee ee 0.001(0,8) + 1 | 0.4N5 (oor) a 7 O35 Ci) * O ree (OD | = Foote | 10,789 2 = Dbquh { : gq 9, oe - = 50% Zig? 2507 ow X, 250% 20-4 if | Ginent Five oder reveveisle rx | Xpe =OM Une =Gul wo 6x2 4 ey 20S \ 3 LS O2d Yproe - B zanworFmZ, Uy=Ot mm/s Fined Kno, = For a revevalele fust order coackem Eq 3-54 or Eq 5.22 gues Xhe » - t Fo pig Hows Xne dn ey ae — Kae Xpen hr - Xpe dv - ae = Falco OMe alae, = 18881 S For the fludigad bed the peifoimance equahin (compove onith 29 hy) & _ hae AEA 1 Hora f XpeAn ie | 'OFe THott Oo) ° Gs) 29.9 Evaluate terms in onits of meters, net mulimetbers contineed = 0.1N(4.8% 0.025 V2 = 0.26 86 w/s ay = O04 -9,0061 4 0.2596 =O.3165 m/s Is thes mes the BFB veguine % Lets see ‘ee = te = 26% --- yes th is a ugorouly Fluxtged bed § = @.0b4-000019/0.265 = 01829 fg = \-(-05X1-0.1829) = OSUS paces | mle vada ye) Ks As (sat) 50S Gina | 7208+ 10.0587 = 12092261 - [26 (axto-S) 0216) Kee= 617 [ Gease = TLeTes 3"! . = 0,00} . } cob os i = 01024 | _zlmyos i E 10-08) | ensue -a(ecabyac *OB8 | = O23, C- a.un9s 7 = (\-0,5U5)~ 0.2243 — 0.001 = 0.682 ( | ft- . firo4\ ere ‘ened Ce ia) = - =@.o%r)>- c=) (rorbag = ONT Now replace Values. mto &q ay [2.001 (haa) + 7 : = i ORAla OD) OamC 88) 4 — | 6.829 C76) oxo zCras@1) O418S 7 = he Bey [osttes | ite (gap) = 784 Khe 2 2.1780 : ea OF My s OSG ef Note. Compare this caledlated Xp value wit that Cound experimentally as choon m fig 2, pg 520 of Mathis & Wotsoas paper — ® 20\1 ae a “ayes Aundged Be sno Sue Wi Ap = 0.082 a toed ONY Hag= (Oke = Vn oe f= My= Oem. (A, =0.08r lige Dem, ©) Fixal bed experment Cho py Ve ym Uy ACen) Glos) Ae Ieee ee ee ee U,=2dem/s = thy Fludzed bes tye 2 BTC S 000" = 0.0095 mls = 02-0032, 4062S = O107S ws $ =O2-20%25 [ores = 0.2167 Gp = (Gas 0- ~O.2°OTD= 0.6053, { o022 Guo Y*@.eynt Goa T Gea > BABS s Kee =6.17 [escent oss Ye oo, 2 yee eee (® é G.08y> = 0.9124 a F sfo.0%25/os + | . ot 2 0b | LL f, 0201(\-05 SGT STB ax | i 03947 ex (j-0.605) ~ o.0624 —0.001 = 0.30% Hora = Hn(rr€w) - L0C05> _ | 2668m \-€, OSS eG Cr onai(a.vras) * Gokusen ae Bante 2087) anes | = [outs |e2e4 = Lote . o On8 8 oe te ah boll came € alaozb(1ar)e.2%7 cS =@ = 00% ~~ of X42 97% —<—) aD het us ctavt by quessing the cwplest vake fowws ay Si e Glee . | wi AG Hee closcdt fit the taka then guess ee owe other vate form For ranked flou9, coustan’ Ch = 0.5 and changing V/ €4 27 gies (Ge -\)= ule tee . ia dau (Se L|4 kat = a _ J a br Let us test this expression as shown in Fig, to sae whether we geba shaght lne (al fy slope, by =1 a 4a t 4 ot © t 0) (Se) |? : len! 7 _ Intercept =O m(@ ei) ee 2 - eB ante ee Ct ee Ron #1 was made of one concentration, so th doesiit tell if we hove a fwst order reaction. We neap anther run ara AfRveur Cr. We get Hie wily run #2. wheels is of Cp HOLT, Lets see & we ia S . ae wi get the same k’ value Canal es ta i (em \47 = = O68 = _\\— | o 2 oN 2 _beeagt = Ose = hel | [oe ee oe ne fond laf . tet 2 ots ; ae agatn we Sen 3680 Cae For both cons we fad C48) 2)-3 As we always should, we shart ley guessing the swplest of rake forms — fivst oder reaction anct fivet oder deoctwaton, Then Eq 30 tess this robe form, as shown iy Fg S Arde 22m Je (KE) byt Aw dn Ste £ Xe we An bn $2 ce SE ok Pretty shraght co ow Oo - . . = ast 2.3% 0 uan Orrguat guess was OK, fo 053 AAS — 0.280 Is ose 2.08 = 020%, oa 20 ©Sd 2.00 — O2bS 25 O4@ Van ~ 0.4288 G 30 ous Loz — OS 2S 04D (qs ~ 05%0 -08 40 Ol (eq ~ 0.6015 2 Aa = 0.0122 0, he) eg dt > 2165 The mtegrated rate forms for wreversilole reactions with deactuatcon ore derwed in this chapter. The corresponding equations for vrevervable reactions in batch —batch reactuins have not been hevetaped by anyone anywhere, So let vs do this neve. Stork ley takeng the simplest rate form, or first order throughout, or ~de = a Cm -Gred a = k’a CCar—Cpe) a 40 ga wo Integrating ad and replacing iw Gy gues ~ ACA kee ae = Ke (are) and on separation of varialles and wkegvating agen, Cry- © LY ~kat Gay je ey Ca ~ She ce ( > CGD Now at t=0o this expression ratuas tO te HorSre, _ KL = se Gy) Choo Cre Ka AS continued ond on Combining ay ond @), Fearvanging and taking logs we dlotain femally, for the Co syste io im A ee This is the eqvakiory used to test the ce of Eas Gy and iy Wa bakeh-batch reactor for this tolovlete os chown below and then plot -@) c c GaSe Aw = An dn =, 1 \ SaxAT AIRS oO Ya O40 28 0.784% -O.237 en 0850 ty 0.584 ~0.538 (O76 Wie 0,264 ~\,000 2 OW (AGT OAS) 1. UOT co CO =0.b84 \ oO ~ Oe Now plot and see if Yor gt a straght lng © K4~ \nbercopt =O = =e on Slope =-\s=—kg > ~~ Skye] — ~~ ve) Replacmng WS & Ai} tly) placing gives rR Ah Ag (4-Cae ; oth Vo Cae) J a _ eget / guna) = leat We ofe told that the reactor 1s beg operated in the best possile way. What can we wer from Hrie® Siwce the reactor jis loewg kept cothermal this means that all parts of the reactor — that bathed ky high Ch, avd that bathed by lou Ch— deactJate at the same vate. Thus we conclude thot deactwatén is concentratin wdepeuctent, or AG > Fru = kat In additum, ance we are ak such high temperatures | think iF reasonable to assume that we ave dealing with o gas phate system, for which Eqs 48 & SO apply Finally, we ave wot tald whether Affueim resistance mivudes ov rdh So let us salve the pvaviews both ways \w the absence af Dore A Phos ny resistance Eq 48 ques =tonstant, foy at T, & Ta, \ 7 or a a rere TE ke expC te0o/n> (B00\" Lo 1 _ (B00? ] -(822) ayp Taco (Zp, 33 )| © ea) C0499) = 0.0885 So ot the ond of the run ay = 8-884, = In the presence o| strong gore resiehance Eq So ges , ko J keo ae ate oy woe L\7 _ feoo\3 on = = { {e feeee 3) =O. 80 =o exe 1200 | p55 aa) =} (0.0028) =0.1) 8! lol 2-4 For lig powkcles in ahs shrong pore AP fuscon reque Xq= 80% e450 days For email parheles, inthe alffuston reguae 22 Xp2 00%, 22 % = 6a% \n the stong APfuson reqme Eq 42 gues Xn = 64% te ite kat wo te HE Cap CE aking logs Cro. Wry bgt , Anin ee = An. (AT) Hae we ee iy {00 rr - Ge fxd: dr. Ane . dn (ERY o | _Conbrning ques a a ot t=250: . dnd i ae (ex! - Geo) ky = 0.004199 \n the aiffucion resistance free regme Eq 42 qwes Cro \lae! Ane = a ax (~bat) A. gan faleng logs ges An din “ = A(X) _ kat ee 0x Replacing values gues UP a ep RS oa | Ar esor An wie Jn (=) °. | Qt the end of the von when Xp = 64%, loot Tyme tS valerown \oo key \ An de BP = ( eT ROT EF te cadalyst is, Lilet 36 M ) oa cL : { more rapidly tm the -O nhd ming equakeons ques \ieffisem fie reque a O.008129 b= Andn U2 nde V2 = & IS hays Mean conversion forthe (6S day run : . “4 ta a. - b) DND Guess | order reachen & deactwatien loot with no dfhis in vecetance Then Eq 42 is the Pevforworce Sxpieseir fo be tested. So tabulate & plot Ge t XA Ome, Ind Be A fe Cen aeete ee WS 0625 2tHo 1ex0 820 S Mbercept = Oke 2 O10 Jou, -0.938 t =2.204-Gab> B 0.01 lease -008S a 428 0.265 imo -1223 Adv 2 a H028 iS O22 W262 -b2AZ Ee Cee tae ion = — TOON ee a oacd a || ep QUAD Equation BO and Fy S que continued Jota 22 = Sn CelW’d ~ bye oo ab 038 Sol ke ols fov exe a a wn) tee a1s84 o k's a56uet Aegis A100 keges fin? Since the text, in Pavheular Ext, shows that His plof also ffs the chong pore duffiscon Vege we chould check this posedorlity, Leb us do this at 4=0 pom with tome a. vo decrease so a = O26 Mr gets a. sudller Cbood, aris verfes tat we ave ta the Aiisum-ree reguae Tamers | (6 (May), o= ae 6 Hence the rake equation 2 ty the ckffuscn ao te = (286x10" : Ge) J te quvew by be Mp Solve fr Ce by tral and every Cese Se ns Rats PCa = SSO OY D> Vleo 200 466 : \400 600 423, and t= |- B58 =2sf —§—_— is60 440 9 usa. \ss0 450 451 <0 Note We can use larger Particles , or even less parhicles wathook lowerng Xp significantly because the rain Tecstemce ithe vate cxpescion tS th the mass. Harser ategs. To improve the conversiin edher wereasa the mass transfer skeps, or better Sh increase the pressuve. 225 : 5) First let vs see if ether extreme apelies coustoul” oO \ PA _ love2s Che 7 Hp 28500 > 3555S mel /y> Comparing we see that At stout : Coo = 1097 yd Car Ca Ak ene hem Cp = 104.7 “Ya throughout the vom. Use the equatuous fv the Cy extreme a,e bf 66028) _ cpgo st ¢ 4p ako ed kne@e = 10> (S000) = 0.05 s! Ki sxiot foos (say l eee ceca 2 ere Jgem = Mr | a 6 | Sessae 76 ey We ave now ready to winte the rate expression =" . \ lova25 ey 28500 oS \ 0.04 0.05 ° 0.05 (750)(0.0744)(o.as 5 = (2. =o; wat A Te Pw Ts (7-985) oe In? veadoe & Finally go tothe material balance . Writing tf A Vy Ble Tate = £638) - Ca) ¢ — useless use these fevms to whegrabe Cae~ Ce) _ 065 (1097-1097) t= Ma lS) _ 065 (1017 -1D _ 19 ngs tin) Me CQ@eTn) AE = 3he 28 mn 22-7 Prehmnoey Vy 2 O2 we- Pa, = 0.002(io1225, Pe 20.21 Gow2g) ay = Lato U3 = Qo m¥s 7 ows “i Sein te Gace a | WB, 2, Note that pape, & Cpececp, Ws is a perging prvlem because ea cake depends on B ebut A provides the mass wm othe chev S trons resistance Let me guess. that the overall vate » lomibed (or determina ly Ay wat @, thos is mass transfer combvolted, | wrong how, \ Wulf mate the other asc wipkioy, yess that the transfer ot A controls the overall abe. Also, Sea, Ce 7 5S0OCA we can recsonally accume thal Ce, chaye Conolanr reroughool the operahon . Se write the chermeal rote m berms of Cp. Ab ulet eancticone eo Crermae = Ca =Gouss- Now the ovelal( rate in the tower ie NZS p mova ce Sw eges My o Evaluate terns dQ Ck oe)p, cont nued = na oe 6(06) 062 (owrs') ~_ 2Q0080 oo eda Tooa7 CA Note that the mass transer reactance (oo+B4-7TD iS much greater than thak of reacken (077, 0 ovr orgrval gues petted. Contmue with the perlol mance equal co For plog flow Ve O2w? _ (den 4 oe ach i Mn H2. Ve Om, 0.0074 oh — Va. (0.00) / 9.2 (0.05 Y/o,0\ : YN; - Oe : oo e (ene = O62 8 the consereeon, of Son KY, =Xye ee wat - S005 x Worm Ceac, (0) Resckon rate =0,05 wal he. wy? reactor mag ay thy Resistavce + 50% liquid film, SO% main body ) Reaction zone: main body of hurd ; a | Behavior in gud Filo s prysicat trams port - WU) = agg ig® | ee om . Wa SL—Lr———M 2 + f+ 2 Cae FE LOE Bi Gy” OTE ma! he nn? teoctof =} a) (a) Raschon vabe = 2. (ey Resistance ¢ Ya in Gs Fil, Yo tn hand films Yom man body \ocotem of react 2ave 2 manbody of hand path » Rokauor Ww liquid File ¢ Prysteal toxscot e BOS ty, = [Dee _ [EGE «10° ey i oe Oc WES : Nsw, Sofo (ay Reactor rote = 5 OV new? reackas a a 2% 7 Make one change in Exowele 4 Ce -t00 = ce =| Fst evaluate My ard By and Yom He find FE DE ee a Suee E55 My fig # schons that we have « peerdo order reaction wm the film and E> My =4 E Now to the. rahe. ex otese: an : BxoF a. | ioe Oe - + a ae . ae B01 Bay 10°Cl*)0.9g ‘e Su? t wol 0 [ Sau {woes ol reactor (00 +5000+ 8) fo oo _ A ~Yesstance te tw the liquid Flan. O\ Mam reastaace g in liquid Alyn thy Reackon zore is in the hqud Alm | ;~+—- ey Leant tet | | tay The vate & 1H dhe? | 2.4 QO) Fund - axth reachudry = 00 - because k= oo Dee ¥ 2ep(ionS €, a44 SoH bn 25000) Dp fh = 1+ O64 — = = are oH 3 = \+800 = 801 Sassome that ab the remctonce ts wthe gos place, Well eae iP this be os E = 60} _ Next evaluate the whe equatidy ee elo: KO Go 0.03 (B01 Pa CAAA, ofthe vesatasca, This voufies, bo Mt “t= Hs Pre 60 (0.02) = (a wat [a 3) Gesompreare Gas 2m conlols dey Sh age alosorpiion, oe (oe Peo nN % : Ck eet = i oe Kfee® ¢ 60 80% WGA S21 th kad. "I COR a = 50 pA = BO(oo2) = { w/in? phase Bs the rote ie coded by 20% by adding MEA ~ Coy = EY Fyetoooo™™y, We need 1) edaluate Ey & My Say = 0.087 to Pug he vabe | Suce BK Me > Fig 2a cheat | der f= Gi) Now determue the rote at top, bottom ard mberweckate eo 5S. 56y0> | ceente | Ess 9% too Chora Law guessing drab ali the vetclove is iy dee, aes Se * Pelun , so § pu! Rae. = Pha Qerame iE My we Soy tha EB; 2 SSCbuot, Now tothe rake m oe ie sons) Bo 61% ok fenctavce A “Pa = 0.260, Figo. At bottom @ ere SBE xO” — 1 == a 100 ~5o\ 1 aw again quessing Hat all vesctauca v vm the ges Mey 20 tw ee (Chis claws thar So¥% vf renstane us “Weg gp wa tha guid Flan Ths is ail wher we . ayessag Guess Py = S00, repeat the proceduve. we fud B:=100( avd from tha vare Ya of tha fecistonm is iy the eee fbn. Wiong quest “Try once ogee Gotes P4i= 100 or 16) tesickance ve the ee Flin then G= Soot & wee : = 0.23 : Yoob * Yale % Pa Say, of resetara He gas Flu chose enous oe Co CTA ean = 22ST O27 20265 py Teva. : aA Qoov0 a io . Ae ee ee ce Gr ee T Joie OF Lats py 2500 i = Lal ‘ Ge > Gas Fino vecutouee, ic FL 2% total, 1% is fom hqud 5 Q4T Fst determme Cosy = see eketch ab right out ‘et _ ¥,¢ (. wm) = 5 Xn ~%at ) or Aooe, [O00 _ 008 5 Cee Joowo/ SO! 2 agp. — My = 20 a “Bre WG G8D 9 woe ON) STO 7 OOM BA Cost af the vonsionce "AaSh of the vesisiauce F Apa Foove (000-198) any De oF (O04r) 106 a Ligud Fim couibotes F4.2% of the vessknnce - 24.9 Fvet detecmme Cer Fj =doo000 mony Y, = 0,001 loy a materaf balance Coun? SESE MOA, ¢ r 5 Tron aoe) = 1 aca + Xen > ov 00001 2.01 Voaq From wluah ¥, = 9000 aA At top continued ~~ liquid lm = 82% of tobi vesstence = BO 5 (10% ooo “SA >My --- & E=Mys= 30 lo? = 2 WE lO? = 204 TOROS 0a Nha Bln = 40% Neay the mudie where Ces 3056, Amat balan tren anes fassu7 & Ly oxo? exio! ne 0008S ¢ peo Bey ety E, = lage ond m OR = aay Aboot V4 from the top where fy=200Pa & Ce=Aa4 wie Bre My = OS , Bevery lage, co Em Mus BUS 8 Oyo Zo now to the porfimarca of the Teackr wi a Toe loo 6 ae Yea from toe 209 lett 2.0610 ovat Maddie Buy sq (0204 Bottom \n00 go4 0.0440 i re ipo ; 1000 i. { 2000 /, 0000 iC - . Vase] 28h > HG? Grea) = “Se G8) = 44S 0” Lagud lm veseleasce dowwares , b~F4%, Cun CaePt— __ Cprtoo whe : TF | oe . Mero. Let os shart by €Valuot “3 See, O08 | Aud then the rahe a0 Paw : = tA® 191325 a Ag = WEES L965 Yo, Ha 3500 a { : J Cen = B00 wat fw Chin = Lats EA Qe» 2 | Oy -0.02681 we wee Cn we have au excess wf ES So we can take & eayetant = B00 oes to the cate of vy. f Me) had oues 200 f= — =205) | J O28/s5 ome EDS My we have — Ma =2.09 so = Th acts Pe = L004 O+ 68292 +387 e aa a : ot Chere Cor of tate, (gas, of the veastaace Aa ppeconstant, and vp = coust From Eq 15 because =CiM = toretont Vw = | ats Frog “TH Nb. 2 es eS) = O89S — Bol! ey — 5 fo a Tho “Fg 2e Go = 0.0362(08495) = 1.05 tank, kepouo™ tp,= tom ete Fro Cakes A oq YL Prbyia"b (REWOT DIESE a Cen $55.6 44 /oo | Gp=S55.50 Fy = F000 wy Vpn = 1000 Po Quess ris of soretnng swalier whatever me Guess wakes, oO Oo feveut. Sow My KE, so Es My, =USBA. Wowk, sinca E=My And pp ZY wWecan use the chofeur soe Eq \4 45 abluate the vate. So ty “Tn oF (62/09 qooo = 4 | . : (218,93 869 + haga] Fooo0e SOOO 2 ; ~ din resistances K neglighie E =O =6S61 { ows ago use *he shortedr [COO 425 arg = O16 a Atid AY t Zay at are = 284 COMMER Se My = IZ & i m [ Se OM ee to HF * 20 +00, . JOT tooo = Wb eee Ca | ova So = O10g | Oveo.= 655.0-52: ,) 0088 OLS - O10 O0s + 7 Va fp —~ 6, F t (08 2DO 300 40d Soo d 600 8 55h 5OS.6 The lengta of tke shar we ease to lavbljle « » FAY Ove! a4 The mmm The eodec! 1B all the A veocks uly Gym 7 4 ae \G2 (666.6 -68 BO) = BA be 3 PC T=pA) 9000 (000/4005) _ $+ Efficeiny of vee of A= SE < 295% -q— > (2.2, QUAT 10 a guess. Use the cheiteut formula, Just aloove my : — TT Ph cae Se 600 a OFe ECTS)” 2,bxto? (555.6) 0.9 it a O00 = RATS Qo+ 2689 + 428444 ~O { ——, = 0460 cry At the evd of the von Ce=S5,S6 My = lse4/fis = os 7 : le ae i REM sos ee es 19F> = big laggev to® a Shorteat ~y ome ae 3 oat —— +009 = O, 104 © 2041.39894439.9 O13 +0 a Gas) 445 At some wmbermechate condtuin, say Oninued Ms 584 /y = O42 ©, = (+ S8R6 C0 8 to® = oe \ = + ——_- 1000 = 1.666 BO+VBBSE OAisy G25 — | oe c. The length of twe needed to bubble gar € nvoug' he veaclo is G (area) = 0.9(265) = 228.5 he —g— od (se : ~ Aico. = O52 ES CL~-5S.56)= 20S 3. Pheavey of vseef A= SU 23.7% gb) 2280S ‘rence ener von Test the S poscdle shrmkng-core mechansms to see which Consistent with the following duperted cata Xg=O871S at t={h ) : i ~~ or Xg=% at Xp =l.000 at t€ r)= ae Smee the shape of the solds is not specfied assume to start with that +hey are sghencal, Then from Table 1 IF Film Affosisn conteols = = Xe bot from the clata : os 20815 -- this doesit agree, 50 we reyect the mechanism IP ash diffvsum controls: Fe |-3(i-%)+2(H¥) again from thedata OS = 1-3('4)% 4 2(%e) = OS New before we feel that all is solved let us try the thd mechanism, Who knows, waybe “hk too will fit. So IF surface readvin conbtls: £ again fromthe data: as \- (Key \= (py? ~~ eee this also 2 So have we have acomadece where bath } reachon kash Affuscin mechansins ft the data J Note - Figuce Tor |O shows that the data were taken at the prease pow where the ash dffosion corve evosses the reactin controlling corue ~ lf we toy the equatins for flat plate or cylnelvicat pellets we find that either will fr he data 26-5 tere we have shrinks particles , hence only 2 possible veastances, film diffusion & surface reachion. Since we are Told that we can iginre Eiken Affsssn we ave left wah reaction controlling alone, So salve for this cose, From Table 1 pq 580 we have for reachsn controlling cl Va a R. = = |-(I-Xe -- whee T= 2 en Jem bok Ce = 2.2.4 fern? = 0183 wih \qm/ reol limot 273 -7 + 0.08 = B30 X10 | MM 224000u> 2734400 Ge 4 Por the reactisn CtO,—=Co. ~~ b= 4 Replacrig these quantities im the T expressicn qises ye (0183) SSlosec= LShhe) Creo, ely nGo, Cn abulate ee Ceo Sao Se - Eno O02 02% Oo4 2.0 O01 02 Os 40 O01 06% oO, nen data Chy-/y (Pe ,he Tou plug How & Monod kmehes Eqe ges Cae oy, aout cS du bey 4 . pe 3 a From the plot & table below we Prd &Ceo a fo cee, Neu daha Calculated = GO wa? {Cyp= G00 wl Au> 4 Gep= Bgur/w? 5 L Caps tg= loo wa, Cpo-Cp & op Da Chofey, iz 2 = - ro # + 7. tp O 600 oO 1 464 £9 1 2 28S is = =o 20T S 4 vey A = Ss Row 44. For Nonod tyneties € Glog Moa fir Eg.G. from the gore A Ceg = B (gnen data) clope oe oH. sag keen with no_valnbtow Ron #2, Povatlel ctopes means competitive whibitcon, fom ron | Cop> @, kaa Hl bd, Cyaie7 theveept = SMCIEN CRY LTC tN x00) ~O% 8 he tacan = N= 0.006 “he tare equation i site 7 ke Cena ANOS Con Sp BSAA Com pat hue eee ee Eiaen oleae Re CMEC KS Neg Cy, WT +p +e, BET C rwhibrhon, een senreeennnstnnnnenntnttnn Oe ) callulase an Cellulose ———*- sugar, Monod kmetes, mrcedd Mau 4 2 -. od eenes as no whibitoy, sevies 2 has h forte af while applies. any, try te BF Bq Moris ig 5 Ceetk®, a [ “ero-tr) Cho 5o7 | Es Oot 2S 4s OAbtL 25 4 1.870 as ar ewes Ls unthoot © Cc Sevies ta tL a aot : Same slope MeGKS am compehihise hci tun st | 7. Ca oo i) eres /> = 25) wot ys Seres | 7. 82 | | | . twkeveept = = BSiCtenxsy oL a 2 a From the plot , Ce. With no mhiatont = ke e0% » Ro bum’ Ce = ee LleoCn wrth inmbhon s 7, (ougebinve> BE Nees CEN D614 SK 97.9 For MM lanetics the veachon tore © order wih respect to E lodmeen 0 £1" ovder with vesgect to & Ge the depenctevce ow Eis of Wher avdey than thar of A “Thus thn more wugortanh to keep Eat hgh concottakimn, tau A, So lookug ak the 6 contacting patterns we see fat ay <)> Que wor as ao0d, whit a) f wi geod , while ey: fe y ) ave the hesk g—— he a 3) B4:| for meed flo & Monod kimetes Eq@ gies us 29.% Fov mued flow see qe Recavee Ca>Cho we have washoob —g—" vesqessible. 995 Ouvr reaction is i pe a en 24 For optinorn operahon s Now for Velen? att feed goes through, the reach aN 1 oe st = \< Tope ~ fo bypass some feed eo. 40 20.24 gu) > co. SOAYOG+0 = O24 Qu) — solve Oe ow Me Pinot esa te ND Op?” q. Cos lott oo a. —— oe Cyd A= 2-20) HOD Find the ogtunum, ee! . Shope = Ga . xX So vse mred flow upto Ce for mned fou Rv = Sar Aen Use plyg Flew. So 2 ee Cer) BUS For the vest ob the reactor vga plog fw Gontavest) ¢ kos os TA pnt Ste 1%) %o replacing values owes, : tag a t)dn i 2° 1.1924 Vp = 2% ee. 1B Ov Avis = BEB =AB a RANT Reactov contoctong patterns ad, dy, ond fF) can never be ophmom., TL can ahoas de ether oo Rs ee a co not bad For reactor 4 (at the optimum) va\ U7 by mahenat balay ce Cat SD oo ee oe = B@Sd+1G ae 7 Bam , Cas SOS OIE 2 Cuee ] Cogan 240 4 BSE For reactor @ Cont af options) Tats Then fom Eq i% bee = Cie) Cnet Cag) OB) ere + Cha CCnoha, Pig ~0S Fe 1Y or VAC, -AGK> AR ZA S — tis & best _ Oho = S126 = 0.528 er ar mm a C34) BO. | for a MFR n=l, the best way to ron the reactions at heen where CRepe = Se ~ ln mG -- see after by tt, in ovy system aT=kV ea (1-2 wiehis optmun. So use the reach, vo teeyele, ho bypase i er we Uz) Ce eee - Cre S ( 8 fo Faden = Gh Dee, = bilo = 06 For each tance kv =2 , s0 por them im senes e g 2 7 beyond the opt sme ¥ pe L ie a +f = Car? + optim 2 t i‘ ‘ Cons at optim, ~~ fom ph 1 For the second reactey, from Eq a= be =; Ce. = Ce Cen -b SESE t+ \~ S*YegF\ Cor-Cer + PE) Cor) OL \Cea ~G46)) wo Cn, 2 9] O0Ve\)47 =087 205 From the ahove problems Ce =6 Yepresonts the opt wom Therefore bt. = 2 or ape € oo. twee US Caven) we wawh Hote: toh Rx00 yoo V2 2, aud mixed foo a Thos “Vi =D to t a E07 The optimum is where Rot with, ka this meaus that We ee oe mreed flow vegton cholld Wave o volume Ym oe should bo in ple Hound. Thus me want G Can OP-€ E =10°- @ See = 0 . ‘ Car=% Cgo=0 —-ml) Cars & pS Con =O 3 Cer = Oe ee ee vt tare Hand Cegcon From garher poblems vs. cow.pascram ave as shmn aoe. for the gles flow seckan, Eq anes nen Bo = Y = Von = 10, replacing a values va the akow awes = - : : 6+ 01C9-4) | (12-6) | ay Oe ee a 20.4 At the optomonn tage (5) = (2s Fi, Bop kale | Tae fe ad Oe aN = 1x20 -20 MY be ~ s i= 00 Has, Leeks production rates B41 ks : Boxd0 =2400 ‘gale ag nantes nnn Gay 20+{1 Tey frst ovcter poisoning and see 4€ dis fits the facte, So Tom Eq lO we have for row#t Ly ~ 2 for fon #2 kT = SO. Tokng ratios ay a “Af poreonmg follows n=\ kmetes But actually x aus L \ these are. be dAffeent so we = vn ae =015 ane toty MF. For wt order poisoning tect with the plot of Eq \S. fvsh tabulate we c . _ Ce dog: im ites. Leg (| Woe —¢e)) S125 SH Onas as OAS 25 LO & e718 Plotting gues A a =m = MOM-OMAS _ / sloge = emb.oG = \S84 / . 2 LOMR=0HIS Oude -y tog%y OS t a wteraapt yt G5 8-0-8 6.398 / Boy =-O.\26 io dog? Toe -<@)| e101 266 “ihus the rate equahon is f, _ Sa\504 Fem e660 ae) ce New te the ophmum nt \s@y YOO Vig = KV G&S =11te(sor( SE) = B1.M6 books/Ine Marin production the ce wu S84 co = kV En’ _ late (so)qo lise ft ple j@ry™t (Cal = NOS w/e —eemty—— — Chemical Engineering Ebookz TrUe LiAr

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