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MARJORIE TOCAO and WILLIAM T. BELO vs. CA and NENITA A.

ANAY
342 SCRA 20
FACTS:
William Belo introduced Nenita Anay to his girlfriend, Marjorie Tocao. The three agreed to form
a joint venture for the sale of cooking wares. Belo was to contribute P2.5 million; Tocao also
contributed some cash and she shall also act as president and general manager; and Anay shall be
in charge of marketing. Belo and Tocao specifically asked Anay because of her experience and
connections as a marketer. They agreed further that Anay shall receive the following:

10% share of annual net profits

6% overriding commission for weekly sales

30% of sales Anay will make herself

2% share for her demo services

They operated under the name Geminesse Enterprise, this name was however registered as a sole
proprietorship with the Bureau of Domestic Trade under Tocao. The joint venture agreement was
not reduced to writing because Anay trusted Belos assurances.
The venture succeeded under Anays marketing prowess.
But then the relationship between Anay and Tocao soured. One day, Tocao advised one of the
branch managers that Anay was no longer a part of the company. Anay then demanded that the
company be audited and her shares be given to her.
ISSUE:
Whether or not there is a partnership.
Whether or not Belo acted as a guarantor.

RULING:
Yes, even though it was not reduced to writing, for a partnership can be instituted in any
form. The fact that it was registered as a sole proprietorship is of no moment for such registration
was only for the companys trade name.
Anay was not even an employee because when they ventured into the agreement, they explicitly
agreed to profit sharing this is even though Anay was receiving commissions because this is only
incidental to her efforts as a head marketer.
The Supreme Court also noted that a partner who is excluded wrongfully from a partnership is an
innocent partner. Hence, the guilty partner must give him his due upon the dissolution of the
partnership as well as damages or share in the profits realized from the appropriation of the
partnership business and goodwill. An innocent partner thus possesses pecuniary interest in
every existing contract that was incomplete and in the trade name of the co-partnership and
assets at the time he was wrongfully expelled.
An unjustified dissolution by a partner can subject him to action for damages because by the
mutual agency that arises in a partnership, the doctrine of delectus personaeallows the partners to
have the power, although not necessarily the right to dissolve the partnership.
Tocaos unilateral exclusion of Anay from the partnership is shown by her memo to the Cubao
office plainly stating that Anay was, as of October 9, 1987, no longer the vice-president for sales
of Geminesse Enterprise. By that memo, petitioner Tocao effected her own withdrawal from the
partnership and considered herself as having ceased to be associated with the partnership in the
carrying on of the business. Nevertheless, the partnership was not terminated thereby; it
continues until the winding up of the business.
Motion for Reconsideration filed by Tocao and Belo decided by the SC on September 20,
2001.
Belo is not a partner. Anay was not able to prove that Belo in fact received profits from
the company. Belo merely acted as a guarantor. His participation in the business meetings was
not as a partner but as a guarantor. He in fact had only limited partnership. Tocao also testified
that Belo received nothing from the profits. The Supreme Court also noted that the partnership
was yet to be registered in the Securities and Exchange Commission. As such, it was

understandable that Belo, who was after all petitioner Tocaos good friend and confidante, would
occasionally participate in the affairs of the business, although never in a formal or official
capacity.