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11 ,

2=4, IP44

-07-1

..

..

2010


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.
.

..

. .
.

73



. ,
, .

,
.
. ,
, .

, , ,
, .


:
1. :

2. :

S1

3. , P2:

11

4. /:

380/220

5. 2:

6. :

50

7. :

ICA0141

8. :

IM1081

9. :

10. :

:
1. cos ,

2. MMAX*= MMAX/M2H 1.8
3. M*= M/M2H 1.2
4. I1*= I1/I1H 7.5
5.

64

- -


h=(P2H,2p,IP)
1.1 .1.1 .8 [1].

.


D.=(h)
1.2 1.1 .9 [1].

.

D. 0.225

132

,

1.3
KE=(2p,D.)
.1.2 .9 [1].

KE

0.972

,
(D/Da)
1.4
KD=(2p)
1.2 .10 [1].

KD

0.68

0.87


1.5 .=(P2H,2p,IP)
.1.3 .11 [1].

1.6 cos.=(P2H,2p,IP)
.1.4 .12 [1].

..

cos. 0.873

1.7


B.=(IP,2p,h,D.)
.1.5 .14 [1].

B.

1.8


A=(IP,2p,h,D.)
.1.6 .15 [1].

0.89

28200 /

64


..=(2p,h)

1.9


k
=(2p,..)
1.10 .1.

- -

..

k.1. 0.96


1.11 max=(2p,IP,h)

max

1.2

min

0.78

.1.7 .17 [1].



1.12 min=(2p,IP,h)

.1.7 .17 [1].

P2H=11 -
2p=4 -
IP=IP44 -

- -

1.13
D=KDD.
D=0.680.225=0.153


1.14 =D/(2p)
=0.153/(4)=0.12017

0.12017

0.153


1.15 P'=(KEP2H)/(.cos.)
P'=(0.97211)/(0.870.873)=14.077

P'

14.077

(
)
1.16
=2f1/p
=250/2=157.08 c-1

157.08

c-1

64

- -


1.17 l.=(P'103)/(1.11D2k.1.AB.)

l.

0.143

1.18
mc=kcc(D.+0.01)2l.
mc=0.977800(0.225+0.01)20.143=59.8

mc

59.8


=l./
1.19 =0.143/0.12017=1.19

min max.

1.19

l.=(14.077103)/(1.110.1532157.080.96282000.89)=0.143

KD=0.68 - ,
(D/Da)
D.=0.225 -
2p=4 -
KE=0.972 - ,

P2H=11 -
.=0.87 .. -
cos.=0.873 -
f1=50 -
p=2 -
k.1.=0.96 -
A=28200 / -
B.=0.89 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

c=7800 / -

64

- -

2.1

132

2.2

0.225

KE

0.972

,

2.3
KE=(2p,D.)
.1.2 .9 [1].

2.4


.=(P2H,2p,IP)
.1.3 .11 [1].

0.87

..

2.5


B.=(IP,2p,h,D.)
.1.5 .14 [1].

B.

0.89


2.6 A=(IP,2p,h,D.)
.1.6 .15 [1].
2.7


..=(2p,h)

2.8

A 28200

..

0.153

2.9

0.155

2.10

0.120
2

2p=4 -
D.=0.225 -
P2H=11 -
IP=IP44 -
h=132 -

64

- -

2.11


t1max=(..,,h)
.2.1 .22 [1].

t1max 0.0131

2.12


t1min=(..,,h)
.2.1 .22 [1].

t1min 0.0108

2.13


Z1min=D/t1max
Z1min=0.153/0.0131=36.69

Z1min 36.69

2.14


Z1max=D/t1min
Z1max=0.153/0.0108=44.51

Z1max 44.51

..= -
=0.1202 -
h=132 -
D=0.153 -

2.15


Z1=(2p,,Z1min,Z1max)
2.1 .23 [1].

Z1

36

2.16


Z2=(2p,Z1)
2.1 .23 [1].

Z2

26

2.17


t1=D/Z1
t1=0.153/36=0.01335

t1

0.01335

2.18


t1=t1-610-3

t1

0.0074

64

t1=0.01335-610-3=0.0074

2.19 q=Z1/(2pm1)
q=36/(43)=3 .

2p=4 -
= -
Z1min=36.69 -
Z1max=44.51 -
D=0.153 -
m1=3 -

- -


= (..)
2.20
p,
2p.


amax=
2.21 amax=2

amax/a - .

amax

a1

a2

I1.

21.94
4

u1

17.16

1
2.22 a1=()

/a1 - (2/1=2).
2
2.23 a2=()

/a2 - (2/2=1).

2.24 I1.=(P2H103)/(m1U1H.cos.)
3

I1.=(1110 )/(32200.870.873)=21.944
2.25

1
u1=(DA)/(I1.Z1)

64

- -

u1=(0.15328200)/(21.94436)=17.16
2
2.26 u2=a2u1
u2=217.16=34.32

u2

34.32

..=1 -
P2H=11 -
m1=3 -
U1H=220 -
.=0.87 .. -
cos.=0.873 -
D=0.153 -
A=28200 / -
Z1=36 -


u=(..,u1,u2)
2.2 u
7
.

, .

- -

17

2.2
8


a=(u)
u.

2.2
9


K=/a
K=2/1=2

2.3
0


K=q
K=3 .

2.3
1

64

- -

=Z1/2p
=36/4=9
2.3
2


C=2/3
C=29/3=6

..=1 -
u1=17.16 - 1
u2=34.32 - 2
=2 -
q=3 . -
Z1=36 -
2p=4 -

- -


C=2
2.33
C=29=18 .

18


y=4q-1
2.34
y=43-1=11 .
1

11


y=2q+1
2.35
y=23+1=7 .
1


1=1
2.36
1=1 .
.


2.37 k1=sin(190)
k1=sin(190)=1

k1

64

- -

2.38


k1=0.5/(qsin(30/q))
k1=0.5/(3sin(30/3))=0.9598

k1

0.9598

2.39


k1=k1k1
k1=10.9598=0.9598

k1

0.9598

=9 -
q=3 . -


2.40 W1=(uZ1)/(2am1)
W1=(1736)/(213)=102

W1

102


2.41 A=(2I1.W1m1)/(D)
A=(221.9441023)/(0.153)=27939.969 /

2.42
A=(A-A)/A100
A=(27939.969-28200)/27939.969100=-0.93 %

-0.93

27939.969 /

2.43


=(KEU1H)/(4.44W1k1f1)
=(0.972220)/(4.441020.959850)=0.009839

0.009839

2.44


B=(2p)/(2Dl)
B=(40.009839)/(20.1530.155)=0.8298

0.8298

2.45


B=(B-B.)/B100
B=(0.8298-0.89)/0.8298100=-7.25 %

-7.25

64

u=17 -
Z1=36 -
a=1 -
m1=3 -
I1.=21.944 -
D=0.153 -
A=28200 / -
KE=0.972 - ,

U1H=220 -
k1=0.9598 -
f1=50 -
2p=4 -
l=0.155 -
B.=0.89 -

- -

2.46
(AJ1)
(AJ1)=(2p,h,D,IP)
.2.2 .33 [1].

190

109
A/

b(1)

3.5


2.48 J1.=((AJ1)109/A)10-6
J1.=(190109/27939.969)10-6=6.8003 /

J1.

6.800
3



2.49
q.=I1./(aJ1.)
q.=21.944/(16.8003)=3.2269

q.

3.226
9

1.604
6

2.47

2.50


b(1)=(2p,h)
2.2 .34 [1].


K=q./2.011
K=3.2269/2.011=1.6046

2p=4 -

64

h=132 -
D=0.225 -
IP=IP44 -
A=27939.969 / -
I1.=21.944 -
a=1 -


n =(q.,K)
2.51
4.


2.52
q.=q./n
q.=3.2269/2=1.61345


2.53 q=(q.)
2.3 .35-36 [1].
qnq. (1.5392=3.0783.2269)

2.54
q=q.-qn
q=3.2269-1.5392=0.14890

q.

1.61345

1.539

0.14890

2.55


d=(q)
2.3 .35-36 [1].

1.485

2.56


d=(q)
2.3 .35-36 [1].

1.4

2.57

155

0.2

2.015


2.58 d=1.685-d
d=1.685-1.485=0.2
2.59

64

b=b(1)-d
b=3.5-1.485=2.015

2.60


q=qn
q=1.5392=3.07800

3.07800

q.=3.2269 -

K=1.6046 -
b(1)=3.5 -

- -

2.61


J1=I1./(aq)
J1=21.944/(13.07800)=7.1293 /

J1

7.1293 /

2.62


J1=(J1-J1.)/J1100
J1=(7.1293-6.8003)/7.1293100=4.615 %

J1

4.615

2.63


J1.min=0.91J1.
J1.min=0.916.8003=6.188 /

J1.min

6.188 /

2.64


J1.max=1.10J1.
J1.max=1.106.8003=7.48 /

J1.max

7.48

I1.=21.944 -
a=1 -
q=3.07800 -
J1.=6.8003 / -

64

2.65


Ba.min=(IP,2p)
2.5 .41 [1].

Ba.min

1.4

2.66


Ba.max=(IP,2p)
2.5 .41 [1].

Ba.max

1.6

2.67


BZ1.min=(IP,2p)
2.5 .41 [1].

BZ1.min

1.6

2.68


BZ1.max=(IP,2p)
2.5 .41 [1].

BZ1.max

1.9

IP=IP44 -
2p=4 -

- -

2.69


Ba.=(B'a.min,B'a.max)

Ba.

1.61

2.70


BZ1.=(B'Z1.min,B'Z1.max)

BZ1.

1.91

B'a.min=1.33 -
B'a.max=1.68 -
B'Z1.min=1.52 -
B'Z1.max=1.995 -

64

- -

2.7
1


h(1)=(h)

h(1)

0.5

2.7
2


b=(h)

0.1

2.7
3


h=(h)

0.1

2.7
4

F
H
b=(..,h)

0.25


l.1=l
2.7 l.1=0.155
5
h250 l300

, l.1=l

l.1

0.155


l.2=l
2.7 l.2=0.155
6
h250 l300

, l.2=l

l.2

0.155

bZ(1) 5.98

2.7
7


bZ(1)=(Bt1l)/(BZ1.l.1kc)103
bZ(1)=(0.82980.013350.155)/(1.910.1550.97)10 3=5.98

2.7
8


ha(1)=/(2kcBa.l.1)103
ha(1)=0.009839/(20.971.610.155)103=20.3

ha(1)

20.3

2.7
9


h(1)=0.5(D-D)103-ha(1)
h(1)=0.5(0.225-0.153)103-20.3=15.7

h(1)

15.7

2.8
0


h(1)=(h)
h160 0.1 , 0.2

h(1)

0.1

64

- -

2.8
1


b2(1)=(D103+2h(1))/Z1-bZ(1)
b2(1)=(0.153103+215.7)/36-5.98=10.1

b2(1)

10.1

2.8
2

, =45
b1(1)=[(D103+2h(1)-b(1))-Z1bZ(1)]/(Z1-)
b1(1)=[(0.153103+20.5-3.5)-365.98]/(36-)=7.8

b1(1)

7.8

2.8
3


h(1)=0.5(b1(1)-b(1))
h(1)=0.5(7.8-3.5)=2.2

h(1)

2.2

2.8
4


h..(1)=h(1)-(h(1)+h(1))
h..(1)=15.7-(0.5+2.2)=13

h..(1)

13

2.8
5


hZ(1)=h(1)
hZ(1)=15.7

hZ(1)

15.7

h=132 -
..=1 -
l=0.155 -
B=0.8298 -
t1=0.01335 -
BZ1.=1.91 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

=0.009839 -
Ba.=1.61 -
D=0.225 -
D=0.153 -
Z1=36 -
b(1)=3.5 -

2.86


b'Z(1)=(D103+2(h(1)+h(1)))/Z1-b1(1)
b'Z(1)=(0.153103+2(0.5+2.2))/36-7.8=6.023

- -

b'Z(1)

6.023

64

2.87

- -


b''Z(1)=(D103+2h(1))/Z1-b2(1)
b''Z(1)=(0.153103+215.7)/36-10.1=5.992

2.88
bZ(1)=b''Z(1)-b'Z(1)
bZ(1)=5.992-6.023=-0.031

2.89


bZ(1)=0.5(b'Z(1)+b''Z(1))
bZ(1)=0.5(6.023+5.992)=6

2.90


b'Z(1)=bZ(1)-bZ(1)
b'Z(1)=6-5.98=0.02

b''Z(1) 5.992

bZ(1)

0.031

bZ(1)

b'Z(1) 0.02

D=0.153 -
h(1)=0.5 -
h(1)=2.2 -
Z1=36 -
b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
h(1)=15.7 -
b2(1)=10.1 -
bZ(1)=5.98 -

- -


2.91 S=0.5(b1(1)+b2(1))h..(1)
S=0.5(7.8+10.1)13=116.35


k=qu/S
2.92 k=3.0780017/116.35=0.45

k0.30.4.

116.35

0.45

64

- -

2.93

, =45
b'1(1)=b1(1)-b
b'1(1)=7.8-0.1=7.7

b'1(1)

7.7

2.94


b'2(1)=b2(1)-b
b'2(1)=10.1-0.1=10

b'2(1)

10

2.95


h'..(1)=h..(1)-h
h'..(1)=13-0.1=12.9

h'..(1)

12.9

b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
b2(1)=10.1 -
h..(1)=13 -
q=3.07800 -
u=17 -
b=0.1 -
h=0.1 -

2.96


S=b(2h(1)+b1(1)+b2(1))
S=0.25(215.7+7.8+10.1)=12.3

- -

12.3


2.97

S=0
.

,

2.98
S'=0.5(b'1(1)+b'2(1))h'..(1)-S-S
S'=0.5(7.7+10)12.9-12.3-0=101.9

S'

101.9

b=0.25 - F H
h(1)=15.7 -

64

b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
b2(1)=10.1 -
b'1(1)=7.7 - , =45
b'2(1)=10 -
h'..(1)=12.9 -


k=(d2un)/S'
2.99 k=(1.4852172)/101.9=0.736
k=0.690.71
2p=2 k=0.720.74 2p4.

- -

0.736

d=1.485 -
u=17 -
n=2 -
S'=101.9 - ,

64

3.1


=(2p,h,D)
.3.1 .52 [1].


=()
3.2

0.25, 0.3, 0.35, 0.4, 0.45, 0.5, 0.6, 0.7, 0.8, 0.9, 1.0, 1.1 .

- -

0.419

0.45

3.3


D2=D-210-3
D2=0.153-20.4510-3=0.1521

D2

0.152
1

3.4


t2=D2103/Z2
t2=0.1521103/26=18.38

t2

18.38

2p=4 -
h=132 -
D=0.153 -
Z2=26 -

- -

3.5


K=(2p,h)
3.1 .53 [1].

0.23

3.6


D=KD
D=0.230.225=0.0518

0.0518

64

- -


Dj=D
Dj=0.0518

3.7

Dj

0.0518

2p=4 -
h=132 -
D=0.225 -

J2.

3.3

3.8


J2.=(IP)
IP44 J2.=2.53.5/.

3.9

,
K1=0.2+0.8cos.
K1=0.2+0.80.873=0.898

K1

0.898

3.10


v1=2m1W1k1/Z2
v1=231020.9598/26=22.592

v1

22.592

3.11


I2.=K1v1I1.
I2.=0.89822.59221.944=445.191

I2. 445.191

3.12


q.=I2./J2.
q.=445.191/3.3=134.906 /

q.

134.906 /

IP=IP44 -
cos.=0.873 -
m1=3 -
W1=102 -
k1=0.9598 -
Z2=26 -
I1.=21.944 -

64

3.13


BZ(2)=(IP)
IP44 BZ(2)=1.71.95.

BZ(2)

1.9

3.14


bZ(2)=(Bt2)/(kcBZ(2))
bZ(2)=(0.829818.38)/(0.971.9)=8.3

bZ(2)

8.3

IP=IP44 -
2p=4 -
B=0.8298 -
t2=18.38 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5


..=(h)
3.15
.. 4
h<160 ,
() ( 4).

h=132 -


b(2)=(..,h)
3.1
( 4)
6
, , 1.0,
h100 1.5 h=112132.

- -

b(2)

1.5

64

- -


h(2)=(..,h)
3.1
( 4)
7
, , 0.5,
h100 0.75 h=112132.

h(2)

0.75


3.1 h'(2)=(..)
8
( 4)
0

h'(2)

b1(2)

8.8


b1(2)=[(D2103-2h(2)-2h'(2))-Z2bZ(2)]/(+Z2)
b1(2)=[(0.1521103-20.75-20)-268.3]/(+26)=8.8

3.1
9


3.2
0
qc=b1(2)2(Z2/+/2)-4q.
qc=8.82(26/+/2)-4134.906=222.916

b2(2)=[(b1(2)2(Z2/+/2)-4q.)/(Z2/-/2)]
b2(2)=[(8.82(26/+/2)-4134.906)/(26/-/2)] =5.8

3.2
1

qc 222.916

b2(2)

5.8

..=4 -
h=132 -
D2=0.1521 -
Z2=26 -
bZ(2)=8.3 -
q.=134.906 / -



- -

3.22


h1(2)=(b1(2)-b2(2))Z2/(2)
h1(2)=(8.8-5.8)26/(2)=12.4

h1(2)

12.4

3.23


h(2)=h1(2)+0.5b1(2)+0.5b2(2)+h(2)+h'(2)

h(2)

20.5

64

- -

h(2)=12.4+0.58.8+0.55.8+0.75+0=20.5

3.24 q=/8(b1(2)2+b2(2)2)+0.5(b1(2)+b2(2))h1(2)
q=/8(8.82+5.82)+0.5(8.8+5.8)12.4=134.1

134.1


3.25 b'Z(2)=(D2103-2(h(2)+h'(2))-b1(2))/Z2-b1(2)
b'Z(2)=(0.1521103-2(0.75+0)-8.8)/26-8.8=8.3

b'Z(2)

8.3

3.26


b''Z(2)=(D2103-2h(2)+b2(2))/Z2-b2(2)
b''Z(2)=(0.1521103-220.5+5.8)/26-5.8=8.3

b''Z(2)

8.3

3.27


bZ(2)=|b'Z(2)-b''Z(2)|
bZ(2)=|8.3-8.3|=0

bZ(2)

b1(2)=8.8 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
Z2=26 -
h(2)=0.75 -
h'(2)=0 -
D2=0.1521 -

- -

3.28


bZ(2)=0.5(b'Z(2)+b''Z(2))
bZ(2)=0.5(8.3+8.3)=8.3

bZ(2)

8.3

3.29


hZ(2)=h(2)-0.1b2(2)
hZ(2)=20.5-0.15.8=19.9

hZ(2)

19.9

3.30


BZ(2)=(Bt2)/(kcbZ(2))
BZ(2)=(0.829818.38)/(0.978.3)=1.89

BZ(2)

1.89

64

3.31
BZ(2)=2.1-BZ(2)
BZ(2)=2.1-1.89=0.21

- -

BZ(2) 0.21

b'Z(2)=8.3 -
b''Z(2)=8.3 -
h(2)=20.5 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
B=0.8298 -
t2=18.38 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

- -

3.32


Bj max=(IP,2p)
2.5 .41 [1].

Bj max

1.4

3.33


D=0.75(D2/2-h(2)10-3)
D=0.75(0.1521/2-20.510-3)=0.0417

0.041
7

h'j

34.7


h'j=(2+p)/(3.2p)(D2103/2-h(2))
3.34 h'j=(2+2)/(3.22)(0.1521103/2-20.5)=34.7
2p=2 2p=4
Dj>D(0.0518>0.0417)

3.35


Bj=/(2kch'j10-3l)
Bj=0.009839/(20.9734.710-30.155)=0.943

Bj

0.943

3.36


Bj=Bj max-Bj
Bj=1.4-0.943=0.457

Bj

0.457

3.37


J2=I2./q

J2

3.32 /

64

- -

J2=445.191/134.1=3.32 /

J2=3.5-J2
3.38
J2=3.5-3.32=0.18 /
(IP=IP44).

J2

0.18 /

IP=IP44 -
2p=4 -
D2=0.1521 -
h(2)=20.5 -
p=2 -
=0.009839 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

l=0.155 -
I2.=445.191 -
q=134.1 -

- -

3.39


J=0.85J2
J=0.853.32=2.822 /

2.822

3.40


=2sin(p/Z2)
=2sin(2/26)=0.479 .

0.479

3.41


I=I2./
I=445.191/0.479=929.418

929.418

3.42


q=I/J
q=929.418/2.822=329.35

329.35

3.43


h=1.25h(2)
h=1.2520.5=25.625

25.625

64

3.44


b=q/h
b=329.35/25.625=12.9

3.45


D..=D2-h10-3
D..=0.1521-25.62510-3=0.1265

- -

12.9

D..

0.1265

J2=3.32 / -
p=2 -
Z2=26 -
I2.=445.191 -
h(2)=20.5 -
D2=0.1521 -

- -

3.46


N..=(h,2p)
3.3 .64 [1].

N..

11

3.47


l..=(h,2p)
3.3 .64 [1].

l..

40

3.48


h..=(h,2p)
3.3 .64 [1].

h..

22

3.49


b..=(h)
b..=25

b..

h=132 -
2p=4 -

64

4.1


=(h)

4.2

()
b'(2)=(..)
(4)

2013

b'(2)

1.5

4.3


1=(b(1)/)2/(5+(b(1)/))
1=(3.5/0.45)2/(5+(3.5/0.45))=4.7343

4.7343

4.4


2=(b'(2)/)2/(5+(b'(2)/))
2=(1.5/0.45)2/(5+(1.5/0.45))=1.3333

1.3333

4.5


k1=t1/(t1-110-3)
k1=0.01335/(0.01335-4.73430.4510-3)=1.1899

k1

1.1899

4.6


k2=t1/(t1-210-3)
k2=0.01335/(0.01335-1.33330.4510-3)=1.0471

k2

1.0471

4.7


k=k1k2
k=1.18991.0471=1.2459

1.2459

4.8

()
F=2/(0)B10-3k
F=2/(1.25610-6)0.82980.4510-31.2459=740.815

740.815

4.9

( )
b(1)=0.5(b1(1)+b2(1))
b(1)=0.5(7.8+10.1)=9

b(1)

4.10


k(1)=b(1)/(kcbZ(1))
k(1)=9/(0.976)=1.546

k(1)

1.546

64

4.11


B'Z(1)=(Bt1)/(kcbZ(1)10-3)
B'Z(1)=(0.82980.01335)/(0.97610-3)=1.9

B'Z(1)

1.9

h=132 -
..=4 -
b(1)=3.5 -
=0.45 -
t1=0.01335 -
0=1.25610-6 / -
B=0.8298 -
b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
b2(1)=10.1 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

bZ(1)=6 -


BZ(1)=(,B'Z(1))

- -

BZ(1)

1.9


4.13 HZ(1)=(,BZ(1))
4.2 .73 [1].

HZ(1)

2070


4.14 BZ(1)=B'Z(1)-0HZ(1)k(1)
BZ(1)=1.9-1.25610-620701.546=1.896

BZ(1) 1.896

4.15
BZ(1)=|BZ(1)-BZ(1)|
BZ(1)=|1.9-1.896|=0.004

BZ(1) 0.004

4.12

=2013 -
B'Z(1)=1.9 -
0=1.25610-6 / -

64

k(1)=1.546 -

()
FZ(1)=2hZ(1)10-3HZ(1)
FZ(1)=215.710-32070=64.998

- -

FZ(1)

64.99
8



4.17
k(2)=b1(2)/(kcb'Z(2))
k(2)=8.8/(0.978.3)=1.093

k(2)

1.093



4.18
k(2)=b2(2)/(kcb''Z(2))
k(2)=5.8/(0.978.3)=0.72

k(2)

0.72

b(2)

7.3

4.16

4.19


b(2)=0.5(b1(2)+b2(2))
b(2)=0.5(8.8+5.8)=7.3



4.20
k(2)=b(2)/(kcbZ(2))
k(2)=7.3/(0.978.3)=0.907

k(2) 0.907

4.21


B'Z(2)=Bt2/(kcb'Z(2))
B'Z(2)=0.829818.38/(0.978.3)=1.89

B'Z(2)

1.89

4.22


B'Z(2)=Bt2/(kcb''Z(2))
B'Z(2)=0.829818.38/(0.978.3)=1.89

B'Z(2)

1.89

4.23


B'Z(2)=Bt2/(kcbZ(2))
B'Z(2)=0.829818.38/(0.978.3)=1.89

B'Z(2)

1.89

hZ(1)=15.7 -
HZ(1)=2070 / -
b1(2)=8.8 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

64

b'Z(2)=8.3 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
b''Z(2)=8.3 -
bZ(2)=8.3 -
B=0.8298 -
t2=18.38 -

- -

4.24



BZ(2)=(,B'Z(2))

BZ(2) 1.89

4.25


HZ(2)=(,BZ(2))
4.2 .73 [1].

HZ(2) 2010

4.26


BZ(2)=B'Z(2)-0k(2)HZ(2)
BZ(2)=1.89-1.25610-61.0932010=1.887

BZ(2) 1.887



4.27
BZ(2) 0.003
BZ(2)=|BZ(2)-BZ(2)|
BZ(2)=|1.89-1.887|=0.003

4.28



BZ(2)=(,B'Z(2))

BZ(2) 1.89

4.29


HZ(2)=(,BZ(2))
4.2 .73 [1].

HZ(2) 2010

4.30


BZ(2)=B'Z(2)-0k(2)HZ(2)
BZ(2)=1.89-1.25610-60.722010=1.888

BZ(2) 1.888



4.31
BZ(2) 0.002
BZ(2)=|BZ(2)-BZ(2)|
BZ(2)=|1.89-1.888|=0.002

BZ(2) 1.89

4.32

64

- -


BZ(2)=(,B'Z(2))

4.33


HZ(2)=(,BZ(2))
4.2 .73 [1].

HZ(2) 2010

4.34


BZ(2)=B'Z(2)-0k(2)HZ(2)
BZ(2)=1.89-1.25610-60.9072010=1.888

BZ(2) 1.888



4.35
BZ(2) 0.002
BZ(2)=|BZ(2)-BZ(2)|
BZ(2)=|1.89-1.888|=0.002

=2013 -
B'Z(2)=1.89 -
0=1.25610-6 / -
k(2)=1.093 -

B'Z(2)=1.89 -
k(2)=0.72 -

B'Z(2)=1.89 -
k(2)=0.907 -

- -

4.3
6


HZ(2)=(HZ(2)+4HZ(2)+HZ(2))/6
HZ(2)=(2010+42010+2010)/6=2010 /

HZ(2)

2010

4.3
7


FZ(2)=2hZ(2)10-3HZ(2)
FZ(2)=219.910-32010=79.998

FZ(2)

79.99
8

4.3
8


kZ=1+(FZ(1)+FZ(2))/F

kZ

1.2

64

- -

kZ=1+(64.998+79.998)/740.815=1.2


.
4.3
9


ha=0.5(D-D)-h(1)10-3
ha=0.5(0.225-0.153)-15.710-3=0.0203

ha

0.020
3

4.4
0


La=(D-ha)/(2p)
La=(0.225-0.0203)/(4)=0.161

La

0.161

4.4
1


Ba=/(kc2hal)
Ba=0.009839/(0.9720.02030.155)=1.61

Ba

1.61

HZ(2)=2010 / -
HZ(2)=2010 / -
HZ(2)=2010 / -
hZ(2)=19.9 -
FZ(1)=64.998 - ()
F=740.815 - ()
D=0.225 -
D=0.153 -
h(1)=15.7 -
2p=4 -
=0.009839 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

l=0.155 -


4.42 Ha=(,Ba)
4.4 .81 [1].

Ha

788

4.43

Fa

126.868

()
Fa=LaHa

64


4.44 hj=0.5(D2-Dj)-h(2)10-3
hj=0.5(0.1521-0.0518)-20.510-3=0.0297

hj

0.0297


Lj=(Dj+hj)/(2p)
4.45
Lj=(0.0518+0.0297)/(4)=0.064
2p.

Lj

0.064

Fa=0.161788=126.868

=2013 -
Ba=1.61 -
La=0.161 -
D2=0.1521 -
Dj=0.0518 -
h(2)=20.5 -
2p=4 -

- -

4.46


Hj=(,Bj)
4.4 .81 [1].

Hj

154

4.47

()
Fj=LjHj
Fj=0.064154=9.856

Fj

9.856

()

4.48
Fu=F+FZ(1)+FZ(2)+Fa+Fj
Fu=740.815+64.998+79.998+126.868+9.856=1022.535

Fu

1022.53
5


k=Fu/F
4.49 k=1022.535/740.815=1.38

1.3k1.5.

1.38

64

4.50

( )
I=(pFu)/(0.9m1W1k1)
I=(21022.535)/(0.931020.9598)=7.737


I =I /I
4.51 * 1.
I*=7.737/21.944=0.353 ..
2p=4 I*=0.250.30

- -

7.737

I*

0.353

..

=2013 -
Bj=0.943 -
Lj=0.064 -
F=740.815 - ()
FZ(1)=64.998 - ()
FZ(2)=79.998 -
Fa=126.868 - ()
p=2 -
m1=3 -
W1=102 -
k1=0.9598 -
I1.=21.944 -

64



.


.

. 1 -

- -


5.1 K=(2p)
5.1 [1] [1].

1.3


5.2 K=(2p)
5.1 [1] [1].

0.4

0.015


5.4 b=(D+h(1)10-3)1/(2p)
b=(0.153+15.710-3)1/(4)=0.1325

0.1325


5.5 L=Kb+B
L=0.40.1325+0.015=0.068

0.068


5.6 L=Kb+2B
L=1.30.1325+20.015=0.2023

0.2023

5.3

64

- -

5.7


L=2(l+L)
L=2(0.155+0.2023)=0.7146

0.7146

5.8


L1=LW1
L1=0.7146102=72.8892

L1

72.8892

5.9
r1=115L1/(anq10-6)
r1=0.024410-672.8892/(121.53910-6)=0.5778

r1

0.5778

5.10 r1*=r1I1./U1H
r1*=0.577821.944/220=0.0576 ..
r1*=0.010.07 ..

r1*

0.0576

..

2p=4 -
D=0.153 -
h(1)=15.7 -
1=1 . -
l=0.155 -
W1=102 -
115=0.024410-6 - 115
a=1 -
n=2 -
q=1.539 -
I1.=21.944 -
U1H=220 -

,

5.11
r=(D..)/(Z2q10-6)
r=(0.048810-60.1265)/(26329.3510-6)=0.000002265

0.000002265

5.12

0.00005641

64

r2

0.00007615

r'2

0.336852

r'2*

0.03360

..

tz

1.377

r=(cl)/(q10-6)
r=(0.048810-60.155)/(134.110-6)=0.00005641

5.13 r2=r+2r/2
2

r2=0.00005641+20.000002265/0.479 =0.00007615

5.14 r'2=r24m1(W1k1)2/Z2
2

r'2=0.0000761543(1020.9598) /26=0.336852

r' =r' I
/U
5.15 2* 2 1. 1H
r'2*=0.33685221.944/220=0.03360 ..
r'2*=0.010.07 ..

5.16 tz=t210-3/t1

tz=18.3810-3/0.01335=1.377

=0.048810-6 - 115
D..=0.1265 -
Z2=26 -
q=329.35 -
c=0.048810-6 - 115
l=0.155 -
q=134.1 -
=0.479 . -
m1=3 -
W1=102 -
k1=0.9598 -
I1.=21.944 -
U1H=220 -
t2=18.38 -
t1=0.01335 -

/
5.1
7

- -

k'

1.45

64

- -

k'=(tz,)
.5.5 .95 [1].


5.1
k'=1
8
k'=1
1=1.

k'



5.1
k=1
9
k=1
1=1.

h2(1)

12.4

h1(1)

5.2
0

,
h2(1)=h..(1)-h(1)-2b
h2(1)=13-0.1-20.25=12.4

5.2
1

.. h=50250
, .

5.2
2


(1)=kh2(1)/(3b1(1))+k'[h1(1)/b1(1)+3h(1)/(b1(1)+2b(1))+h(1)/b(1)]
(1)=112.4/(37.8)+1[0/7.8+32.2/(7.8+23.5)+0.5/3.5]=1.119

(1)

1.119

5.2
3

(1)=0.34q/l(L-0.641)
(1)=0.343/0.155(0.2023-0.6410.1202)=0.825

(1)

0.825

(1)

1.153


5.2
4
(1)=2k'k-k12tz2
(1)=21.451-0.959821.3772=1.153

5.2
5



(1)=(t1(1))/(12k10-3)
(1)=(0.013351.153)/(121.24590.4510 -3)=2.288

(1)

2.288

5.2
6


x1=15.8(f1/100)(W1/100)2((1)+(1)+(1))l/(pq)
x1=15.8(50/100)(102/100)2(1.119+0.825+2.288)0.155/(23)=0.899

x1

0.899

64


5.2
7
x1*=x1I1./U1H
x1*=0.89921.944/220=0.09 ..

- -

x1*

0.09

5.2
8

b2=b(2)/
b2=1.5/0.45=3.333

b2 3.333

5.2
9


bt2=b(2)/t2
bt2=1.5/18.38=0.082

bt2 0.082

..

tz=1.377 -
=0 - ( )
h..(1)=13 -
h(1)=0.1 -
b=0.25 - F H
b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
h(1)=2.2 -
b(1)=3.5 -
h(1)=0.5 -
q=3 . -
l=0.155 -
L=0.2023 -
1=1 . -
=0.1202 -
k1=0.9598 -
t1=0.01335 -
k=1.2459 -
=0.45 -
f1=50 -
W1=102 -
p=2 -
I1.=21.944 -
U1H=220 -
b(2)=1.5 -
t2=18.38 -

64

- -

5.3
0



Z=(b2,bt2)
.5.7 .99 [1].

0.02833
3

5.3
1


h0(2)=h1(2)+0.4b2(2)
h0(2)=12.4+0.45.8=14.72

h0(2)

14.72

5.3
2


hc(2)=h1(2)+0.5b1(2)+0.5b2(2)
hc(2)=12.4+0.58.8+0.55.8=19.7

hc(2)

19.7


(2)=h0(2)/(3b1(2))(1-b1(2)2/(8q))2+0.66-b(2)/(2b1(2))+h(2)/b(2)
5.3
(2)=14.72/(38.8)(1-8.82/(8134.1))2+0.66-1.5/(28.8)+0.75/1.5=1.408
3
(
4)

(2)

1.408


5.3 (2)=(2.3D..)/(Z2l2)lg[(4.7D..)/(h10-3+2b10-3)]
4
(2)=(2.30.1265)/(260.1550.4792)lg[(4.70.1265)/(25.62510-3+212.9103
)]=0.334

(2)

0.334



(2)=1+0.2(p/Z2)-Z/(1-p2/Z22)
(2)=1+0.2(2/26)-0.028333/(1-22/262)=1.02

(2)

1.02


5.3
6
(2)=t2/(12k)(2)
(2)=18.38/(121.24590.45)1.02=2.787

(2)

2.787


x2=7.9f1l10-6((2)+(2)+(2))
x2=7.9500.15510-6(1.408+0.334+2.787)=0.000277

x2

0.00027
7


5.3
8
x'2=x212(W1k1)2/Z2
x'2=0.00027712(1020.9598)2/26=1.225

x'2

1.225

5.3

x'2*

0.12

..

5.3
5

5.3
7

64

- -


x'2*=x'2I1./U1H
x'2*=1.22521.944/220=0.12 ..

b2=3.333 -
bt2=0.082 -
h1(2)=12.4 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
b1(2)=8.8 -
q=134.1 -
b(2)=1.5 -
h(2)=0.75 -
D..=0.1265 -
Z2=26 -
l=0.155 -
=0.479 . -
h=25.625 -
b=12.9 -
p=2 -
t2=18.38 -
k=1.2459 -
=0.45 -
f1=50 -
W1=102 -
k1=0.9598 -
I1.=21.944 -
U1H=220 -

64


( )

6.1


P0.1/50=()
[1].

6.2


ma=(D-ha)kcclha
ma=(0.225-0.0203)0.9778000.1550.0203=15.3

6.3


mZ(1)=hZ(1)10-3bZ(1)10-3Z1lkcc
mZ(1)=15.710-3610-3360.1550.977800=4

6.4


=(f1)
=1.31.5.

6.5


p..=P0.1/50(f1/50)(kBa2ma+kZBZ(1)2mZ(1))
p..=2.5(50/50)1.4(1.61.61215.3+1.81.89624)=223.3

- -

P0.1/50

2.5

ma

15.3

mZ(1)

1.4

p.. 223.3

6.6
r12=p../(m1I2)
r12=223.3/(37.7372)=1.243

r12

1.243

,

6.7
r12*=r12I1./U1H
r12*=1.24321.944/220=0.124 ..

r12*

0.124

..

x12

27.53
6



6.9
x12*=x12I1./U1H
x12*=27.53621.944/220=2.747 ..

x12*

2.747

..

6.10

b1

7.78

6.8


x12=U1H/I-x1
x12=220/7.737-0.899=27.536

64

- -

b1=b(1)/
b1=3.5/0.45=7.78

=2013 -
D=0.225 -
ha=0.0203 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

c=7800 / -
l=0.155 -
hZ(1)=15.7 -
bZ(1)=6 -
Z1=36 -
f1=50 -
k=1.6 -

Ba=1.61 -
kZ=1.8 -

BZ(1)=1.896 -
m1=3 -
I=7.737 - ( )
I1.=21.944 -
U1H=220 -
x1=0.899 -
b(1)=3.5 -
=0.45 -

- -



6.11
0(1)=(b1)
.6.1 .108 [1].

0(1)

0.368



6.12
0(2)=(b2)
.6.1 .108 [1].

0(2)

0.234

B0(1)

0.38

6.13

64

- -


B0(1)=0(1)kB
B0(1)=0.3681.24590.8298=0.38


6.14
B0(2)=0(2)kB
B0(2)=0.2341.24590.8298=0.242

B0(2) 0.242

6.15


n=60f1/p
n=6050/2=1500 /

6.16


p(1)=0.5k01(Z2n/10000)1.5(B0(1)t2)2
p(1)=0.51.5(261500/10000)1.5(0.3818.38)2=281.8 /

p(1) 281.8 /

6.17


p(2)=0.5k02(Z1n/10000)1.5(B0(2)t1103)2
p(2)=0.51.5(361500/10000)1.5(0.2420.01335103)2=98.2 /

p(2) 98.2 /

6.18


p(1)=p(1)(t1-b(1)10-3)Z1l
p(1)=281.8(0.01335-3.510-3)360.155=15.49

p(1) 15.49

6.19


p(2)=p(2)(t210-3-b(2)10-3)Z2l
p(2)=98.2(18.3810-3-1.510-3)260.155=6.68

p(2) 6.68

1500 /

b1=7.78 -
b2=3.333 -
k=1.2459 -
B=0.8298 -
f1=50 -
p=2 -
k01=1.5 -

Z2=26 -
t2=18.38 -
k02=1.5 -

Z1=36 -
t1=0.01335 -
b(1)=3.5 -
l=0.155 -

64

b(2)=1.5 -

- -

6.20


B(1)=2/(2t1103)BZ(1)
B(1)=1.33330.45/(20.01335103)1.896=0.043

B(1)

0.043

6.21


B(2)=1/(2t2)BZ(2)
B(2)=4.73430.45/(218.38)1.89=0.11

B(2)

0.11

6.22


mZ2=Z2(hZ(2)10-3)(bZ(2)10-3)lkcc
mZ2=26(19.910-3)(8.310-3)0.1550.977800=5.036

mZ2

5.036

6.23


p(1)=0.11(Z2n/1000B(1))2mZ(1)
p(1)=0.11(261500/10000.043)24=1.237

p(1) 1.237

6.24


p(2)=0.11(Z1n/1000B(2))2mZ(1)
p(2)=0.11(361500/10000.11)24=15.525

p(2) 15.525

6.25


p..=p(1)+p(2)+p(1)+p(2)
p..=15.49+6.68+1.237+15.525=38.932

p.. 38.932

6.26


p/=p../p..
p/ 0.174
p/=38.932/223.3=0.174

6.27

( )
p=p..+p..
p=38.932+223.3=262.232

p 262.232

2=1.3333 -
=0.45 -
t1=0.01335 -
BZ(1)=1.896 -
1=4.7343 -
t2=18.38 -

64

BZ(2)=1.89 -
Z2=26 -
hZ(2)=19.9 -
bZ(2)=8.3 -
l=0.155 -
kc=0.97 - 0.5

c=7800 / -
n=1500 / -
mZ(1)=4 -
Z1=36 -
p(1)=15.49 -
p(2)=6.68 -
p..=223.3 -

- -



6.28
K=(IP,2p)
6.2 .111 [1].



6.29
K'=(IP,2p)
6.2 .111 [1].

K'



6.30 K''=1.3(1-D)
K''=1.3(1-0.225)=1.008
.

K''

1.008


p=K''(n/10)2D4
6.31
p=1.008(1500/10)20.2254=58.126
.

58.12
6

IP=IP44 -
2p=4 -
D=0.225 -
n=1500 / -

64

p10

103.763

6.32


p10=m1I2r1
p10=37.73720.5778=103.763

6.33


Io.a.=(p+p+p10)/(m1U1H)
Io.a.=(262.232+58.126+103.763)/(3220)=0.643

Io.a.

0.643

6.34


Io=(Io.a.2+I2)
Io=(0.6432+7.7372)=7.764

Io

7.764

6.35


coso=Io.a./Io
coso=0.643/7.764=0.083

coso

0.083

6.36

,
p=(p+p)10-3
p=(262.232+58.126)10-3=0.32

0.32

m1=3 -
I=7.737 - ( )
r1=0.5778 -
p=262.232 - ( )
p=58.126 -
U1H=220 -

64




, ,.
- .

. 2 -

C1
/

- -

7.1

C1
C1a=[r12(r1+r12)+x12(x1+x12)]/(r122+x122)
C1a=[1.243(0.5778+1.243)+27.536(0.899+27.536)]/(1.243 2+27.5362)=1.0335

C1a

1.0335

7.2

C1
C1p=(r1x12-r12x1)/(r122+x122)
C1p=(0.577827.536-1.2430.899)/(1.243 2+27.5362)=0.0195

C1p

0.0195

7.3

C1
C1=(C1a2+C1p2)
C1=(1.03352+0.01952)=1.0337

C1

1.0337

7.4

C1
||=arctg(C1p/C1a)
||=arctg(0.0195/1.0335)=1.08

||

1.08

r12=1.243 - ,

r1=0.5778 -
x12=27.536 -
x1=0.899 -

64

- -

7.5


Rm=C1ar12+C1px12
Rm=1.03351.243+0.019527.536=1.822

Rm

1.822

7.6


Xm=C1ax12-C1pr12
Xm=1.033527.536-0.01951.243=28.434

Xm

28.434

7.7


Zm=(Rm2+Xm2)
Zm=(1.8222+28.4342)=28.492

Zm

28.492

7.8


cos0=Rm/Zm
cos0=1.822/28.492=0.064

cos0

0.064

7.9


sin0=Xm/Zm
sin0=28.434/28.492=0.998

sin0

0.998

7.10


I0=U1H/Zm
I0=220/28.492=7.721

I0

7.721

7.11


I0a=I0cos0
I0a=7.7210.064=0.494

I0a

0.494

7.12


I0p=I0sin0
I0p=7.7210.998=7.706

I0p

7.706

7.13


I0p=(I0p-I)/I0p100
I0p=(7.706-7.737)/7.706100=-0.402 %

I0p

-0.402

C1a=1.0335 - C1
r12=1.243 - ,

C1p=0.0195 - C1

64

x12=27.536 -
U1H=220 -
I=7.737 - ( )

- -

7.14
a'=C1a2-C1p2
a'=1.03352-0.01952=1.068

a'

1.068

7.15
b'=2C1aC1p
b'=21.03350.0195=0.04

b'

0.04

7.16
a0=C1ar1+C1px1+b'x'2
a0=1.03350.5778+0.01950.899+0.041.225=0.664

a0

0.664

7.17
b0=C1ax1-C1pr1+a'x'2
b0=1.03350.899-0.01950.5778+1.0681.225=2.226

b0

2.226

7.18


S..=r'2*
S..=0.03360

S.. 0.03360

7.19


S=0.98S..
S=0.980.03360=0.03293

S 0.03293

7.20


S.=(C1r'2)/(r12+(x1+C1x'2)2)
S.=(1.03370.336852)/(0.57782+(0.899+1.03371.225)2)=0.1554

S.

0.1554

C1a=1.0335 - C1
C1p=0.0195 - C1
r1=0.5778 -
x1=0.899 -
x'2=1.225 -

64

r'2*=0.03360 .. -
C1=1.0337 - C1
r'2=0.336852 -

S=1S..


S1S=1S..
S1S=10.03360=0.033600

S1S

0.03360
0

R1S

11.371

X 1S

1.825

-
1S
7.2 X1S=(X 1S)
4
,
,
.

X1S

1.825

-
7.2 1S
5
Z1S=(R1S2+X1S2)
Z1S=(11.3712+1.8252)=11.517

Z1S

11.517

7.2
1

-
7.2 1S
2
R1S=a0+a'r'2/S1S
R1S=0.664+1.0680.336852/0.033600=11.371
-
7.2 1S
3
X 1S=b0-b'r'2/S1S
X 1S=2.226-0.040.336852/0.033600=1.825

7.2
6

-
1S
cos'2 1S=R1S/Z1S
cos'2 1S=11.371/11.517=0.987

cos'2 1S 0.987

-
7.2 1S
sin'2 1S
7
sin'2 1S=X1S/Z1S
sin'2 1S=1.825/11.517=0.158

0.158

-
7.2 1S
8
I''2 1S=U1H/Z1S
I''2 1S=220/11.517=19.102

19.102

I''2 1S

64

7.2
9

I''2 1S
I''2a 1S=I''2 1Scos'2 1S
I''2a 1S=19.1020.987=18.854

I''2a 1S

18.854

7.3
0

I''2 1S
I''2p 1S=I''2 1Ssin'2 1S
I''2p 1S=19.1020.158=3.018

I''2p 1S

3.018

I1a 1S

19.348

I1p 1S

10.724

-
7.3 1S
3
I1 1S=(I1a 1S2+I1p 1S2)
I1 1S=(19.3482+10.7242)=22.121

I1 1S

22.121

-
7.3 1S
4
I'2 1S=C1I''2 1S
I'2 1S=1.033719.102=19.746

I'2 1S

19.746

P1 1S

12.77

-
7.3 1S
1
I1a 1S=I0a+I''2a 1S
I1a 1S=0.494+18.854=19.348

7.3
2

-
1S
I1p 1S=I0p+I''2p 1S
I1p 1S=7.706+3.018=10.724

7.3
5


1S
P1 1S=3U1HI1a 1S10-3
P1 1S=322019.34810-3=12.77

7.3
6

1S
p1 1S=3I1 1S2r110-3
p1 1S
p1 1S=322.12120.577810-3=0.848

0.848

7.3
7

1S
p2 1S=3I'2 1S2r'210-3
p2 1S=319.74620.33685210-3=0.394

p2 1S

0.394


7.3 1S
p 1S
8
p 1S=0.005P1 1S
p 1S=0.00512.77=0.064

0.064

64


7.3 1S
9
p1S=p1 1S+p2 1S+p+p 1S
p1S=0.848+0.394+0.32+0.064=1.626

p1S

1.626

7.4
0


1S
P2 1S=P1 1S-p1S
P2 1S=12.77-1.626=11.144

P2 1S

11.144

7.4
1

1S
1S=1-p1S/P1 1S
1S=1-1.626/12.77=0.873

1S

0.873

7.4
2

1S
cos1S=I1a 1S/I1 1S
cos1S=19.348/22.121=0.875

cos1S

0.875

7.4
3

1S
2 1S=2f1(1-S1S)/p
2 1S=250(1-0.033600)/2=151.802

2 1S

151.802

7.4
4

1S
M2 1S=P2 1S103/2 1S
M2 1S=11.144103/151.802=73.411

M2 1S

73.411

S..=0.03360 -
a0=0.664 - -
a'=1.068 - -
r'2=0.336852 -
b0=2.226 - -
b'=0.04 - -
U1H=220 -
I0a=0.494 -
I0p=7.706 -
C1=1.0337 - C1
r1=0.5778 -
p=0.32 - ,
f1=50 -
p=2 -

64



S0.2S

S0.4S

S0.6S

S0.8S

S1.2S

0.006720

0.013440

0.020160

0.026880

0.033600

0.040320

0.03293

0.1554

54.199

27.432

18.509

14.048

11.371

9.587

11.589

2.979

X ,

0.221

1.223

1.558

1.725

1.825

1.892

1.817

2.139

X,

0.221

1.223

1.558

1.725

1.825

1.892

1.817

2.139

Z,

54.199

27.459

18.574

14.154

11.517

9.772

11.731

3.667

cos'2 ,

0.999

0.997

0.993

0.987

0.981

0.988

0.812

sin'2 ,

0.004

0.045

0.084

0.122

0.158

0.194

0.155

0.583

I''2 ,

4.059

8.012

11.845

15.543

19.102

22.513

18.754

59.995

I''2a ,

4.059

8.004

11.809

15.434

18.854

22.085

18.529

48.716

I''2p ,

0.016

0.361

0.995

1.896

3.018

4.368

2.907

34.977

I1a ,

4.553

8.498

12.303

15.928

19.348

22.579

19.023

49.21

I1p ,

7.722

8.067

8.701

9.602

10.724

12.074

10.613

42.683

I1 ,

8.964

11.717

15.069

18.598

22.121

25.605

21.783

65.142

I'2 ,

4.196

8.282

12.244

16.067

19.746

23.272

19.386

62.017

P1 ,

3.005

5.609

8.12

10.512

12.77

14.902

12.555

32.479

p1 ,

0.139

0.238

0.394

0.6

0.848

1.136

0.822

7.356

p2 ,

0.018

0.069

0.151

0.261

0.394

0.547

0.38

3.887

p ,

0.015

0.028

0.041

0.053

0.064

0.075

0.063

0.162

p,

0.492

0.655

0.906

1.234

1.626

2.078

1.585

11.725

P2 ,

2.513

4.954

7.214

9.278

11.144

12.824

10.97

20.754

0.836

0.883

0.888

0.883

0.873

0.861

0.874

0.639

cos,

0.508

0.725

0.816

0.856

0.875

0.882

0.873

0.755

156.024

154.968

153.913

152.857

151.802

150.746

151.907

132.669

16.106

31.968

46.871

60.697

73.411

85.07

72.215

156.434

S
S,
R,

2 ,
M2 ,

S1S

S.

64

. 3

7.45


I0*=I0/I1
I0*=7.721/21.783=0.354 ..


7.46 n=(-.)/100
n=(0.874-0.87)/0.874100=0.458 %

7.47
cos=(cos-cos.)/cos100
cos=(0.873-0.873)/0.873100=0 %

7.48


Mmax.=M2 .
Mmax.=156.434 /

7.49


K.=Mmax./M2

- -

I0*

0.354

..

0.458

cos

Mmax. 156.434 /

K.

2.166

64

- -

K.=156.434/72.215=2.166

I0=7.721 -
I1 =21.783 - -

=0.874 -
.=0.87 .. -
cos=0.873 -
cos.=0.873 -
M2 .=156.434 -
M2 =72.215 -

64

8.1


qc(2)=(b1(2)2+b2(2)2)/8+0.5h1(2)(b1(2)+b2(2))
qc(2)=(8.82+5.82)/8+0.512.4(8.8+5.8)=134.141

- -

qc(2) 134.141



8.2
hr(1)=0.5b1(2)
hr(1)=0.58.8=4.4

hr(1)

4.4



8.3
hr(2)=h1(2)+0.5b1(2)
hr(2)=12.4+0.58.8=16.8

hr(2)

16.8

vi

22.592


8.5 I2=viI'2
I2=22.59219.386=437.969

I2

437.969



8.6
'2=h0(2)/(3b1(2))[1-(b1(2)2)/(8qc(2))]2+0.66-b(2)/(2b1(2))
'2=14.72/(38.8)[1-(8.82)/(8134.141)]2+0.66-1.5/(28.8)=0.908

'2

0.908

8.4


vi=6W1k1/Z2
vi=61020.9598/26=22.592

8.7


CN=0.64+2.5[/(t1103+t2)]
CN=0.64+2.5[0.45/(0.01335103+18.38)]=0.938

CN

0.938

8.8

S(0.10.15)
x12=kx12
x12=1.3827.536=38

x12

38

8.9


n1=60f1/p
n1=6050/2=1500 /

n1

1500 /

64

- -


8.10 M.=(m1p)/(2f1)I'2 2r'2/S

M.

73.422

I.*

M.=(32)/(250)19.38620.336852/0.03293=73.422

8.11 I.*=(h,2p,IP)

8.1 .147 [1].

b1(2)=8.8 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
h1(2)=12.4 -
W1=102 -
k1=0.9598 -
Z2=26 -
I'2 =19.386 - -

h0(2)=14.72 -
b(2)=1.5 -
=0.45 -
t1=0.01335 -
t2=18.38 -
k=1.38 -
x12=27.536 -
f1=50 -
p=2 -
m1=3 -
r'2=0.336852 -
S=0.03293 -
h=132 -
2p=4 -
IP=IP44 -

S=1.0

/
8.1
2

( S=1.0)


8.1 115C ( S=1.0)
3
(s=1.0)=63.61hc(2)(S(s=1.0))10-3
(s=1.0)=63.6119.7(1)10-3=1.253

S(s=1.0)

(s=1.0)

1.253

64

8.1
4

( S=1.0)
(s=1.0)=((s=1.0))

(s=1.0)

0.2

8.1
5

( S=1.0)
hr(s=1.0)=hc(2)/(1+(s=1.0))
hr(s=1.0)=19.7/(1+0.2)=16.417

hr(s=1.0)

16.417

8.1
6

( S=1.0)
(s=1.0)=((s=1.0))

(s=1.0)

0.15

br(s=1.0)

5.9

qr(s=1.0)

118.7

( S=1.0)
8.1 br(s=1.0)=b1(2)-(b1(2)-b2(2))/h1(2)(hr(s=1.0)-b1(2)/2)
7
br(s=1.0)=8.8-(8.8-5.8)/12.4(16.417-8.8/2)=5.9
hr(s=1.0).

8.1
8

( S=1.0)
qr(s=1.0)=b1(2)2/8+(b1(2)+br(s=1.0))(hr(s=1.0)-b1(2)/2)/2
qr(s=1.0)=8.82/8+(8.8+5.9)(16.417-8.8/2)/2=118.7
hr(s=1.0).



8.1
( S=1.0)
kr (s=1.0) 1.13008
9
kr (s=1.0)=qc(2)/qr(s=1.0)
kr (s=1.0)=134.141/118.7=1.13008

( S=1.0)
8.2 kr(s=1.0)=(kr (s=1.0))
0

1,
1.

kr(s=1.0)

1.13008

(
8.2 S=1.0)
1
KR(s=1.0)=1+r(kr(s=1.0)-1)/r2
KR(s=1.0)=1+0.00005641(1.13008-1)/0.00007615=1.096

KR(s=1.0)

1.096

8.2
2

( S=1.0)
r'2(s=1.0)=KR(s=1.0)r'2
r'2(s=1.0)=1.0960.336852=0.369

r'2(s=1.0)

0.369

8.2
3

( S=1.0)
'(s=1.0)=((s=1.0))

'(s=1.0)

0.925

8.2

( S=1.0)

k(s=1.0)

1.253

64

k(s=1.0)=(s=1.0)
k(s=1.0)=1.253

8.2
5

( S=1.0)
I2(s=1.0)=I.*I2e-0.05/S(s=1.0)
I2(s=1.0)=7437.969e-0.05/1=2916.3

I2(s=1.0)

2916.3

2(s=1.0)

1.34


( S=1.0)
Kx(s=1.0)=(2(s=1.0)+(2)+(2))/((2)+2(s=1.0)+(2))
Kx(s=1.0)=(1.34+0.334+2.787)/(1.408+1.34+0.334)=1.447

Kx(s=1.0)

1.447


8.2 ( S=1.0)
8
x'2(s=1.0)=Kx(s=1.0)x'2
x'2(s=1.0)=1.4471.225=1.773

x'2(s=1.0)

1.773

-
8.2 ( S=1.0)
9
a(s=1.0)=C1ar1+C1px1+b'x'2(s=1.0)
a(s=1.0)=1.03350.5778+0.01950.899+0.041.773=0.686

a(s=1.0)

0.686

-
( S=1.0)
b(s=1.0)=C1ax1-C1pr1+a'x'2(s=1.0)
b(s=1.0)=1.03350.899-0.01950.5778+1.0681.773=2.811

b(s=1.0)

2.811

RS(s=1.0)

1.08

X S(s=1.0) 2.796



8.2
( S=1.0)
6
2(s=1.0)='2'(s=1.0)+h(2)/b(2)+1.12103h'(2)/I2(s=1.0)
2(s=1.0)=0.9080.925+0.75/1.5+1.121030/2916.3=1.34

8.2
7

8.3
0

-
8.3 ( S=1.0)
1
RS(s=1.0)=a(s=1.0)+a'r'2(s=1.0)/S(s=1.0)
RS(s=1.0)=0.686+1.0680.369/1=1.08

8.3
2

-
( S=1.0)
X S(s=1.0)=b(s=1.0)-b'r'2(s=1.0)/S(s=1.0)
X S(s=1.0)=2.811-0.040.369/1=2.796

8.3
3

-
( S=1.0)
XS(s=1.0)=(X S(s=1.0))

XS(s=1.0)

2.796

64

ZS(s=1.0)

2.997

,
,
.
-
8.3 ( S=1.0)
4
ZS(s=1.0)=(RS(s=1.0)2+XS(s=1.0)2)
ZS(s=1.0)=(1.082+2.7962)=2.997

8.3
5

-
( S=1.0)
cos'2(s=1.0)=RS(s=1.0)/ZS(s=1.0)
cos'2(s=1.0)=1.08/2.997=0.36

-
8.3 ( S=1.0)
6
sin'2(s=1.0)=XS(s=1.0)/ZS(s=1.0)
sin'2(s=1.0)=2.796/2.997=0.933
-
8.3 ( S=1.0)
7
I''2(s=1.0)=U1H/ZS(s=1.0)
I''2(s=1.0)=220/2.997=73.41

cos'2(s=1.0) 0.36

sin'2(s=1.0) 0.933

I''2(s=1.0)

73.41

8.3
8

I''2(s=1.0) ( S=1.0)
I''2a(s=1.0)=I''2(s=1.0)cos'2(s=1.0)
I''2a(s=1.0)=73.410.36=26.43

I''2a(s=1.0)

26.43

8.3
9

I''2(s=1.0) ( S=1.0)
I''2p(s=1.0)=I''2(s=1.0)sin'2(s=1.0)
I''2p(s=1.0)=73.410.933=68.49

I''2p(s=1.0)

68.49

8.4
0

-
( S=1.0)
I1a(s=1.0)=I0a+I''2a(s=1.0)
I1a(s=1.0)=0.494+26.43=26.92

I1a(s=1.0)

26.92

I1p(s=1.0)

76.2

I1(s=1.0)

80.82

-
8.4 ( S=1.0)
1
I1p(s=1.0)=I0p+I''2p(s=1.0)
I1p(s=1.0)=7.706+68.49=76.2

8.4
2

-
( S=1.0)
I1(s=1.0)=(I1a(s=1.0)2+I1p(s=1.0)2)
I1(s=1.0)=(26.922+76.22)=80.82

64

-
8.4 ( S=1.0)
3
I1=I1(s=1.0)
I1=80.82
8.4
4


I=I1u/a
I=80.8217/1=1373.94

8.4
5


k(1)=(I)

I1

80.82

1373.94

k(1)

1.58

hc(2)=19.7 -
b1(2)=8.8 -
b2(2)=5.8 -
h1(2)=12.4 -
qc(2)=134.141 -
r=0.00005641 -
r2=0.00007615 -
r'2=0.336852 -
I.*=7 -
I2=437.969 -
'2=0.908 -

h(2)=0.75 -
b(2)=1.5 -
h'(2)=0 -
(2)=0.334 -
(2)=2.787 -
(2)=1.408 -
x'2=1.225 -
C1a=1.0335 - C1
r1=0.5778 -
C1p=0.0195 - C1
x1=0.899 -
b'=0.04 - -
a'=1.068 - -
U1H=220 -
I0a=0.494 -
I0p=7.706 -
u=17 -
a=1 -

64



S=S

-
8.4 ( S=1.0)
6
I1=I1(s=1.0)
I1=80.82
8.4
7


I=I1u/a
I=80.8217/1=1373.94

8.4
8


k(1)=(I)

8.4
9

( S.)
k.(S.)=k(1)I1(S.)/I1
k.(S.)=1.5860.17/80.82=1.176

( S.)
k(S.)=(k.(S.))
8.5
1,
0
,
1.

8.5 ( S.)
1
I1.(S.)=k(S.)I1(S.)
I1.(S.)=1.17660.17=70.8
8.5
2

, ( S.)
F..(S.)=0.7I1.(S.)u/a(k'+k1k1Z1/Z2)
F..(S.)=0.770.817/1(1+10.959836/26)=1962.2

(
8.5 S.)
3
B(S.)=F..(S.)10-3/(1.6CN)
B(S.)=1962.210-3/(1.60.450.938)=2.905

I1

80.82

1373.94

k(1)

1.58

k.(S.) 1.176

k(S.)

1.176

I1.(S.)

70.8

F..(S.)

1962.2

B(S.)

2.905

I1(s=1.0)=80.82 - -
( S=1.0)
u=17 -

64

a=1 -
I1(S.)=60.17 - -
( S.)
k'=1 -

k1=1 -
k1=0.9598 -
Z1=36 -
Z2=26 -
=0.45 -
CN=0.938 -


S=S



8.5
( S.)
4
(S.)=(B(S.))
.8.6 .153 [1].
8.5
5

( S.)
C1(S.)=(t1103-b(1))/(1-(S.))
C1(S.)=(0.01335103-3.5)/(1-0.731)=36.6


,
8.5
( S.)
6
1=[(h(1)+0.58h(1))/b(1)][C1(S.)/(C1(S.)+1.5b(1))]
1=[(0.5+0.582.2)/3.5][36.6/(36.6+1.53.5)]=0.444

(S.)

0.731

C1(S.)

36.6

0.444


8.5 ( S.)
7
1(S.)=(1)-1
1(S.)=1.119-0.444=0.675

1(S.) 0.675

8.5
8

( S.)
1(S.)=(S.)(1)
1(S.)=0.7312.288=1.673

1(S.) 1.673

8.5
9

(
S.)
x1(S.) 0.674
x1(S.)=x1(1(S.)+1(S.)+(1))/((1)+(1)+(1))
x1(S.)=0.899(0.675+1.673+0.825)/(1.119+2.288+0.825)=0.674

8.6

x1*(S.) 0.75

64

( S.)
x1*(S.)=(1(S.)+1(S.)+(1))/((1)+(1)+(1))
x1*(S.)=(0.675+1.673+0.825)/(1.119+2.288+0.825)=0.75

8.6
1

( S.)
C2(S.)=(t2-b(2))/(1-(S.))
C2(S.)=(18.38-1.5)/(1-0.731)=62.8

C2(S.)

62.8


, (
8.6
S.)
2(S.) 0.488
2
2(S.)=(h(2)/b(2))[C2(S.)/(C2(S.)+b(2))]
2(S.)=(0.75/1.5)[62.8/(62.8+1.5)]=0.488

8.6 ( S.)
2(S.) 0.908
3
2(S.)=2(S.)-2(S.)
2(S.)=1.396-0.488=0.908
( S.)
2(S.)=(S.)(2)
2(S.)=0.7312.787=2.037

2(S.) 2.037

(
8.6 S.)
5
x'2(S.)=x'2(2(S.)+2(S.)+(2))/((2)+(2)+(2))
x'2(S.)=1.225(0.908+2.037+0.334)/(1.408+2.787+0.334)=0.887

x'2(S.) 0.887

8.6
4

8.6
6


( S.)
x'2*(S.)=(2(S.)+2(S.)+(2))/((2)+(2)+(2))
x'2*(S.)=(0.908+2.037+0.334)/(1.408+2.787+0.334)=0.724

x'2*(S.) 0.724

8.6
7

C1 ( S.)
C1(S.)=[r12(r1+r12)+x12(x1(S.)+x12)]/(r122+x122)
C1(S.)=[1.243(0.5778+1.243)+38(0.674+38)]/(1.243 2+382)=1.018

C1(S.) 1.018

8.6
8

C1 ( S.)
C1(S.)=(r1x12-r12x1(S.))/(r122+x122)
C1(S.)=(0.577838-1.2430.674)/(1.2432+382)=0.015

C1(S.) 0.015

8.6
9

C1 ( S.)
C1(S.)=[C1(S.)2+C1(S.)2]
C1(S.)=[1.0182+0.0152]=1.018

C1(S.) 1.018

64

B(S.)=2.905 - ( S.)
t1=0.01335 -
b(1)=3.5 -
h(1)=0.5 -
h(1)=2.2 -
(1)=1.119 -
(1)=2.288 -

x1=0.899 -
(1)=0.825 -
t2=18.38 -
b(2)=1.5 -
h(2)=0.75 -
2(S.)=1.396 -
( S.)
(2)=2.787 -
x'2=1.225 -
(2)=0.334 -
(2)=1.408 -
r12=1.243 - ,

r1=0.5778 -
x12=38 - S(0.10.15)



S=S


8.7 ( S.)
0
Rm(S.)=C1(S.)r12+C1(S.)x12
Rm(S.)=1.0181.243+0.01538=1.835

Rm(S.)

1.835

8.7
1


( S.)
Xm(S.)=C1(S.)x12-C1(S.)r12
Xm(S.)=1.01838-0.0151.243=38.665

Xm(S.)

38.665

8.7
2

( S.)
Zm(S.)=(Rm(S.)2+Xm(S.)2)
Zm(S.)=(1.8352+38.6652)=38.709

Zm(S.)

38.709

8.7
3

( S.)
I0(S.)=U1H/Zm(S.)

I0(S.)

5.683

64

I0(S.)=220/38.709=5.683

8.7 ( S.)
4
cos0(S.)=Rm(S.)/Zm(S.)
cos0(S.)=1.835/38.709=0.047

cos0(S.)

0.047


( S.)
sin0(S.)=Xm(S.)/Zm(S.)
sin0(S.)=38.665/38.709=0.999

sin0(S.)

0.999


8.7 ( S.)
6
I0(S.)=I0(S.)cos0(S.)
I0(S.)=5.6830.047=0.267

I0(S.)

0.267


( S.)
I0(S.)=I0(S.)sin0(S.)
I0(S.)=5.6830.999=5.677

I0(S.)

5.677

-
8.7 ( S.)
8
a'(S.)=C1(S.)2-C1(S.)2
a'(S.)=1.0182-0.0152=1.036

a'(S.)

1.036

-
8.7 ( S.)
9
b'(S.)=2C1(S.)C1(S.)
b'(S.)=21.0180.015=0.031

b'(S.)

0.031

-
( S.)
a(S.)=C1(S.)r1+C1(S.)x1(S.)+b'(S.)x'2(S.)
a(S.)=1.0180.5778+0.0150.674+0.0310.887=0.626

a(S.)

0.626

-
8.8 ( S.)
1
b(S.)=C1(S.)x1(S.)-C1(S.)r1+a'(S.)x'2(S.)
b(S.)=1.0180.674-0.0150.5778+1.0360.887=1.596

b(S.)

1.596

-
( S.)
RS(S.)=a(S.)+a'(S.)r'2(S.)/S(S.)
RS(S.)=0.626+1.0360.337/0.1554=2.873

RS(S.)

2.873

8.7
5

8.7
7

8.8
0

8.8
2

64

-
8.8 ( S.)
3
X S(S.)=b(S.)-b'(S.)r'2(S.)/S(S.)
X S(S.)=1.596-0.0310.337/0.1554=1.529
-
( S.)
8.8 XS(S.)=(X S(S.))
4
,
,
.

8.8
5

-
( S.)
ZS(S.)=(RS(S.)2+XS(S.)2)
ZS(S.)=(2.8732+1.5292)=3.255

-
8.8 ( S.)
6
cos'2(S.)=RS(S.)/ZS(S.)
cos'2(S.)=2.873/3.255=0.883

X S(S.) 1.529

XS(S.)

1.529

ZS(S.)

3.255

cos'2(S.) 0.883

-
( S.)
sin'2(S.)=XS(S.)/ZS(S.)
sin'2(S.)=1.529/3.255=0.47

sin'2(S.)

0.47

-
8.8 ( S.)
8
I''2(S.)=U1H/ZS(S.)
I''2(S.)=220/3.255=67.59

I''2(S.)

67.59

8.8
7

8.8
9

I''2(S.) ( S.)
I''2a(S.)=I''2(S.)cos'2(S.)
I''2a(S.)=67.590.883=59.68

I''2a(S.)

59.68

8.9
0

I''2(S.) ( S.)
I''2(S.)=I''2(S.)sin'2(S.)
I''2(S.)=67.590.47=31.77

I''2(S.)

31.77

8.9
1

-
( S.)
I1(S.)=I0(S.)+I''2a(S.)
I1(S.)=0.267+59.68=59.95

I1(S.)

59.95

8.9

I1(S.)

37.45

64

( S.)
I1(S.)=I0(S.)+I''2(S.)
I1(S.)=5.677+31.77=37.45

-
8.9 ( S.)
3
I1(S.)=(I1(S.)2+I1(S.)2)
I1(S.)=(59.952+37.452)=70.7

I1(S.)

70.7

-
( S.)
8.9 I1(S.)=(I1(S.)-I1.(S.))/I1(S.)100
4
I1(S.)=(70.7-70.8)/70.7100=-0.141 %

.

I1(S.)

-0.141

I1*(S.)

3.246

8.9
5

( S.)
I1*(S.)=I1(S.)/I1
I1*(S.)=70.7/21.783=3.246

8.9
6

( S.)
M.(S.)=(pm1/(2f1))(C1(S.)I''2(S.))2(r'2(S.)/S(S.))
M.(S.)=(23/(250))(1.01867.59)2(0.337/0.1554)=196.083

M.(S.)

8.9
7

(
S.)
M.*(S.)=M.(S.)/M.
M.*(S.)=196.083/73.422=2.671

M.*(S.)

2.671

8.9
8

( S.)
n2(S.)=n1(1-S(S.))
n2(S.)=1500(1-0.1554)=1266.9 /

n2(S.)

1266.9 /

196.083

C1(S.)=1.018 - C1 ( S.)
r12=1.243 - ,

C1(S.)=0.015 - C1 ( S.)
x12=38 - S(0.10.15)
U1H=220 -
r1=0.5778 -
x1(S.)=0.674 - (
S.)
x'2(S.)=0.887 - (
S.)
r'2(S.)=0.337 - ( S.)

64

S(S.)=0.1554 - ( S.)
I1.(S.)=70.8 -
( S.)
I1 =21.783 - -

p=2 -
m1=3 -
f1=50 -
C1(S.)=1.018 - C1 ( S.)
M.=73.422 -
n1=1500 / -

C
C1=C1(S.)
C1=1.018

- -

C1

1.018


8.10
0
r'2=r'2(S.)
r'2=0.337

r'2

0.337

x1=x1(S.)
x1=0.674

x1

0.674

x'2

0.887

0.204

8.99

8.10
1


8.10
2
x'2=x'2(S.)
x'2=0.887
8.10
3


S=(C1r'2)/[r12+(x1+C1x'2)2]
S=(1.0180.337)/[0.57782+(0.674+1.0180.887)2]=0.204

8.10
4

0.6
S1=0.6S
S1=0.60.204=0.122

S1 0.122

8.10
5

0.4
S2=0.4S
S2=0.40.204=0.082

S2 0.082

64

C1(S.)=1.018 - C1 ( S.)
r'2(S.)=0.337 - ( S.)
x1(S.)=0.674 - (
S.)
x'2(S.)=0.887 - (
S.)
r1=0.5778 -

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.6S

0.4S

S(S),

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.204

0.1554

0.1224

0.0816

(S),

1.253

1.121

0.971

0.793

0.56

0.566

0.494

0.438

0.358

(S),

0.2

0.15

0.079

0.035

0.009

0.009

0.005

0.003

0.001

16.417

17.13

18.258

19.034

19.524

19.524

19.602

19.641

19.68

0.15

0.09

0.079

0.035

0.009

0.009

0.005

0.003

0.001

br(S),

5.9

qr(S),

118.7

134.1

134.1

134.1

134.1

134.1

134.1

134.1

134.1

hr(S),
(S),

kr (S),

1.13008 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031

1.00031 1.00031 1.00031

kr(S),

1.13008 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031 1.00031

1.00031 1.00031 1.00031

KR(S),

1.096

r'2(S),

0.369

0.337

0.337

0.337

0.337

0.337

0.337

0.337

0.337

'(S),

0.925

0.945

0.959

0.974

0.985

0.985

0.987

0.989

0.992

k(S),

1.253

1.121

0.971

0.793

0.56

0.566

0.494

0.438

0.358

I2(S),

2916.3

2880

2820.7

2705.5

2387.6

2399.4

2222.3

2037.7

1661.2

2(S),

1.34

1.358

1.371

1.384

1.394

1.394

1.396

1.398

1.401

Kx(S),

1.447

1.445

1.443

1.441

1.44

1.44

1.439

1.439

1.439

x'2(S),

1.773

1.77

1.768

1.765

1.764

1.764

1.763

1.763

1.763

a(S),

0.686

0.685

0.685

0.685

0.685

0.685

0.685

0.685

0.685

b(S),

2.811

2.808

2.806

2.803

2.802

2.802

2.801

2.801

2.801

1.08

1.135

1.285

1.585

2.485

2.449

3.001

3.625

5.096

X S(S),

2.796

2.791

2.784

2.769

2.735

2.736

2.714

2.691

2.636

XS(S),

2.796

2.791

2.784

2.769

2.735

2.736

2.714

2.691

2.636

ZS(S),

2.997

3.013

3.066

3.191

3.695

3.672

4.046

4.515

5.737

cos'2(S),

0.36

0.377

0.419

0.497

0.673

0.667

0.742

0.803

0.888

sin'2(S),

0.933

0.926

0.908

0.868

0.74

0.745

0.671

0.596

0.459

I''2(S),

73.41

73.02

71.75

68.94

59.54

59.91

54.37

48.73

38.35

I''2a(S),

26.43

27.53

30.06

34.26

40.07

39.96

40.34

39.13

34.05

I''2p(S),

68.49

67.62

65.15

59.84

44.06

44.63

36.48

29.04

17.6

I1a(S),

26.92

28.02

30.55

34.75

40.56

40.45

40.83

39.62

34.54

RS(S),

64

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.6S

0.4S

I1p(S),

76.2

75.33

72.86

67.55

51.77

52.34

44.19

36.75

25.31

I1(S),

80.82

80.37

79.01

75.96

65.77

66.15

60.17

54.04

42.82

k(S),

1.58

1.571

1.545

1.485

1.286

1.293

1.176

1.056

I1.(S),

127.7

126.3

122.1

112.8

84.6

85.5

70.8

57.1

42.8

F..(S),

3539.1

3500.3

3383.9

3126.2

2344.7

2369.6

1962.2

1582.5

1186.2

B(S),

5.24

5.183

5.011

4.629

3.472

3.509

2.905

2.343

1.756

0.487

0.49

0.502

0.536

0.658

0.654

0.731

0.819

0.895

19.2

19.3

19.8

21.2

28.8

28.5

36.6

54.4

93.8

1,

0.398

0.399

0.401

0.407

0.429

0.428

0.444

0.463

0.481

1(S),

0.721

0.72

0.718

0.712

0.69

0.691

0.675

0.656

0.638

1(S),

1.114

1.121

1.149

1.226

1.506

1.496

1.673

1.874

2.048

x1(S),

0.565

0.566

0.572

0.587

0.642

0.64

0.674

0.713

0.746

x1*(S),

0.629

0.63

0.636

0.653

0.714

0.712

0.75

0.793

0.83

C2(S),

32.9

33.1

33.9

36.4

49.4

48.8

62.8

93.3

160.8

2(S),

0.478

0.478

0.479

0.48

0.485

0.485

0.488

0.492

0.495

2(S),

0.862

0.88

0.892

0.904

0.909

0.909

0.908

0.906

0.906

2(S),

1.357

1.366

1.399

1.494

1.834

1.823

2.037

2.283

2.494

x'2(S),

0.691

0.698

0.71

0.739

0.832

0.829

0.887

0.953

1.01

x'2*(S),

0.564

0.57

0.58

0.603

0.679

0.677

0.724

0.778

0.824

C1(S),

1.015

1.015

1.016

1.016

1.017

1.017

1.018

1.019

1.02

C1(S),

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

0.015

C1(S),

1.015

1.015

1.016

1.016

1.017

1.017

1.018

1.019

1.02

Rm(S),

1.832

1.832

1.833

1.833

1.834

1.834

1.835

1.837

1.838

Xm(S),

38.551

38.551

38.589

38.589

38.627

38.627

38.665

38.703

38.741

Zm(S),

38.595

38.595

38.633

38.633

38.671

38.671

38.709

38.747

38.785

5.7

5.7

5.695

5.695

5.689

5.689

5.683

5.678

5.672

cos0(S),

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

0.047

sin0(S),

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

0.999

I0(S),

0.268

0.268

0.268

0.268

0.267

0.267

0.267

0.267

0.267

I0(S),

5.694

5.694

5.689

5.689

5.683

5.683

5.677

5.672

5.666

a'(S),

1.03

1.03

1.032

1.032

1.034

1.034

1.036

1.038

1.04

b'(S),

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.03

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

0.031

a(S),

0.616

0.616

0.617

0.618

0.623

0.623

0.626

0.629

0.632

b(S),

1.277

1.285

1.305

1.35

1.505

1.499

1.596

1.707

1.803

RS(S),

0.996

1.05

1.197

1.487

2.365

2.331

2.873

3.487

4.927

X S(S),

1.266

1.272

1.288

1.325

1.453

1.448

1.529

1.622

1.675

XS(S),

1.266

1.272

1.288

1.325

1.453

1.448

1.529

1.622

1.675

ZS(S),

1.611

1.649

1.758

1.992

2.776

2.744

3.255

3.846

5.204

cos'2(S),

0.618

0.637

0.681

0.746

0.852

0.849

0.883

0.907

0.947

(S),
C1(S),

I0(S),

64

1.0

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

0.6S

0.4S

sin'2(S),

0.786

0.771

0.733

0.665

0.523

0.528

0.47

0.422

0.322

I''2(S),

136.56

133.41

125.14

110.44

79.25

80.17

67.59

57.2

42.28

I''2a(S),

84.39

84.98

85.22

82.39

67.52

68.06

59.68

51.88

40.04

I''2(S),

107.34

102.86

91.73

73.44

41.45

42.33

31.77

24.14

13.61

I1(S),

84.66

85.25

85.49

82.66

67.79

68.33

59.95

52.15

40.31

I1(S),

113.03

108.55

97.42

79.13

47.13

48.01

37.45

29.81

19.28

I1(S),

141.2

138

129.6

114.4

82.6

83.5

70.7

60.1

44.7

I1(S), %

9.561

8.478

5.787

1.399

-2.421

-2.395

-0.141

4.992

4.251

I1*(S),

6.482

6.335

5.95

5.252

3.792

3.833

3.246

2.759

2.052

M.(S),

135.396

M.*(S),
n2(S), /

147.52 173.404 202.587 209.046 209.733

196.083 178.645 146.694

1.844

2.009

2.362

2.759

2.847

2.857

2.671

2.433

1.998

300

600

900

1200

1194

1266.9

1316.4

1377.6

. 4

64

. 5

. 6





2,
h,
B,
A, /
J, /2
%
cos %
m=/2
mk=Mmax/M2H
i=I1/I1H
SHOM%


413243
11
132
0.89
26400
6.1
87.5
0.87
2.2
3
7.5
2.8


11
132
0.8298
27940
7.13
87.4
0.873
2.166
2.67
7
3.3

64


Skp%
Da/Di1, /
l1(l),
,
Z1/Z2
b1/b2, /
h,
r1(20C),
b1/b2, /
h,


413243
19.5
225/145
160
0.35
36/34

6.1/9.2
17.8
0.346

6.0/2.2
24.7


20.4
255/153
155
0.45
36/26
7.8/10.1
15.7
0.5778
8.8/5.8
14.72

,
, ,
.

64

- -


115
9.1
p1=m1r1I1 2
p1=30.577821.7832=822.497

p1 822.497


140
9.2
p'1=kpp1(2l)/L
p'1=1.07822.497(20.155)/0.7146=381.783

p'1 381.783


140
9.3
p'1=kpp1(2L)/L
p'1=1.07822.497(20.2023)/0.7146=498.289

p'1 498.289

m1=3 -
r1=0.5778 -
I1 =21.783 - -

kp=1.07 -
l=0.155 -
L=0.7146 -
L=0.2023 -

- -

9.4


K=(IP,2p)
9.1 .171 [1].

0.2

9.5


1=(IP,2p,h,D)
.9.1 .171 [1].

104 /C

64



9.6
V.1=K(p'1+p..)/(Dl1)
V.1=0.2(381.783+223.3)/(0.1530.155104)=15.6 C

- -

V.1 15.6

IP=IP44 -
2p=4 -
h=132 -
D=0.225 -
p'1=381.783 -
140
p..=223.3 -
D=0.153 -
l=0.155 -

- -

9.7
'=(d/d)
.9.3 .173 [1].

'

1.43 /C


9.8 1=2h..(1)+b1(1)+b2(1)
1=213+7.8+10.1=43.9

43.9

V.(1) 3.4

V.(1) 0.8

V..1 14.7

9.9


V.(1)=p'1/(Z1l110-3)[b/+(b1(1)+b2(2))/(16')]10-3
V.(1)=381.783/(360.15543.910-3)[0.25/0.16+(7.8+5.8)/(161.43)]10-3=3.4 C


9.1
0
V.(1)=p'1/(2Z1L1)[0.5(d-d)/+h..(1)/(12')]
V.(1)=498.289/(2360.202343.9)[0.5(1.485-1.4)/0.16+13/(121.43)]=0.8 C

9.1
1



V..1=(Kp'1)/(2DL1)
V..1=(0.2498.289)/(20.1530.068104)=14.7 C

64

- -


9.1
2
V'1=[(V.1+V.(1))2l+(V.(1)+V..1)2L]/L
V'1=[(15.6+3.4)20.155+(0.8+14.7)20.2023]/0.7146=17 C

V'1

17

d/d=0.943 -
h..(1)=13 -
b1(1)=7.8 - , =45
b2(1)=10.1 -
p'1=381.783 -
140
Z1=36 -
l=0.155 -
b=0.25 - F H
=0.16 /C -
b2(2)=5.8 -
p'1=498.289 -
140
L=0.2023 -
d=1.485 -
d=1.4 -
K=0.2 -
D=0.153 -
L=0.068 -
1=104 /C -
V.1=15.6 C -

L=0.7146 -

9.1
3


=(2p,IP,h,D)
.9.4 .175 [1].

9.1
4


=(IP,h)
.9.6 .176 [1].

24.6 /(C)

0.2571

64


9.1 115C
p2 379.784
5
p2=m1r'2(I'2 )2
p2=30.336852(19.386)2=379.784

9.1
6


115C
p=(P1 -P2 )103
p=(12.555-10.97)103=1585


9.1 140
7
p'=p+(kp-1)(p1+p2)
p'=1585+(1.07-1)(822.497+379.784)=1669.16

1585

p' 1669.16

9.1
8


S=(D+8)(l+2L)
S=(0.225+80.2571)(0.155+20.068)=0.8042

S 0.8042

9.1
9

,
p'=p'-(1-K)(p'1+p..)-0.9p
p'=1669.16-(1-0.2)(381.783+223.3)-0.958.126=1132.78

p' 1132.78


9.2
0
V=p'/(S)
V=1132.78/(0.804224.6)=57.3

57.3



V1=V'1+V
9.2
V1=17+57.3=74.3
1
10-20%
,
(100C F).

V1

74.3

25.7

V%

34.6

9.2
2



V=100-V1
V=100-74.3=25.7

9.2
3


V%=V/V1100
V%=25.7/74.3100=34.6 %

64

2p=4 -
IP=IP44 -
h=132 -
D=0.225 -
m1=3 -
r'2=0.336852 -
I'2 =19.386 - -

P1 =12.555 -

P2 =10.97 -
kp=1.07 -
p1=822.497 -
115
l=0.155 -
L=0.068 -
K=0.2 -
p'1=381.783 -
140
p..=223.3 -
p=58.126 -
V'1=17 C -

9.24

IP44
m'=(2p)

,

9.25
Km=m'(nD/100)
Km=1.8(15000.225/100)=3.307

- -

m'

1.8

Km

3.307

9.26


Q.44=Kmp'/(1100V)
Q.44=3.3071132.78/(110057.3)=0.059 /

Q.44 0.059 /

9.27

,
Q'.44=0.6D3n/100
Q'.44=0.60.22531500/100=0.103 /

Q'.44 0.103 /

9.28


Q44=Q'.44-Q.44
Q44=0.103-0.059=0.044 /

Q44 0.044 /

64

2p=4 -
n=1500 / -
D=0.225 -
p'=1132.78 - ,
V=57.3 -

64

-



(
)
,





=0.5*Z1=0.5*36=18 .
=/m1=18/3=6 .
=/q=6/3=2
y=4q-1=4*3-1=11
y=2q+1=2*3+1=7
= 2 =2*9=18 .
=2/3* =2/3*9=6 .

1-12
2-11
3-10
+2
19-30
20-29
21-28

=Z1/2p=36/4=9 .
q=Z1/(2p*m)=36/(4*3)=3

+
7-18
8-17
9-16
+2
25-36
26-35
27-34

13-24
14-23
15-22
+2
31-6
32-5
33-4

. 7 Z1=36, 2p=4, m1=3, a=1

64

. 8

64



,
.
( ), ,
.
,
, , .
.
h250 . 30

-,

. , ..

0,5 .
1 . h250
.
( ).
,
, . ,
.
.
.
.
( ).
.
.
. 18709-73
20839-75

64


[1] .
.. , .. . , 2005
[2] 4: .. , .. , .
, 1982
[3]
,

64