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PITOT TUBE’S EXPERIMENT

GROUP IV (BATCH –I)


Manne Venkata Harish Babu ME08B013
Manoj Kumar Tripathi ME08B014
Medarametla Krishnakalyan ME08B015
Mohammad Salimuddin ME08B016
AIM :

To determine the velocity profile of


air flowing through a pipe using
Pitot’s tube
BACKGROUND:

 The Pitot’s tube is widely employed


to measure fluid velocities in
flowing fluids
 One of the major reasons for this
is that it can be used with
“minimal disturbance” to the flow
Continued…

 In measurement system terminology,


the sensor is the Pitot tube itself.
 The measurand (velocity) is converted
to a differential pressure, which is then
converted by an intermediate modifying
device (manometer) to a differential
height of manometer fluid that is read
from a calibrated scale
Construction of Pitot tube:
THEORY:
 Pitot Tube is aligned with the flow
direction
 Assuming an inviscid,
incompressible flow

V – velocity of air
a – density of air
Pstag – total pressure
Pstat – static pressure
Continued..
1 2
 Now, this ρav, the dynamic pressure
2
is converted into differential height of
the fluid( water, in our case) of
manometer, hence

1 2
ρav  ρwgh
2
Experimental Set-up:
A 2 inch diameter GI pipe was
connected to a 1 inch diameter GI pipe
via an expansion joint, to increase the
resolution and accuracy of the
readings.
Continued…
 Pitot tube was attached to a U-tube
filled with water(manometer)
 The experiment was done at a pressure
of 10 kgf/cm2
Complete set-up:
Reading Evidence (Video):
Observation :
S.No. Distance from the centre Height difference Velocity , V (m/s)
x, (cm) h , (cm)
1. -2.5 0.65 10.3
2. -2.0 1.95 17.84
3. -1.5 2.9 21.76
4. -1.0 3.6 24.24
5. -0.5 4.2 26.19
6. 0 4.5 27.11
7. 0.5 4.15 26.03
8. 1.0 3.55 24.07
9. 1.5 2.9 21.76
10. 2.0 1.9 17.61
11. 2.5 0.7 10.69
Velocity Profile:
Velocity,V(m/s)
30

25

20

15
Velocity, V(m/s)

10

0
-3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3
Result :
 The velocity profile of air flowing
through the given tube, is almost
parabolic.
Sources of error:
 Misalignment of the tube axis and the
velocity vector , exposing the static taps
to some component of the velocity
 Influence of the hole-tip spacing
 Wall effect
THANK YOU