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# 1

2

:
1. .
2. .
3. .
4. .

- ().
(m = 1) (m 2), . , , ,
.

()

()
(. 1, )

(. 1, ).
-

.
:
U0, I0
u(t) i(t),
2

U0 = (1/2) u(t) dt ,

I0 = (1/2) i(t) dt ;

k = (Em/U0)
(), Em ( m1)
U0;
R = U0/I0 ,
() , U0 I0, . .
U0 = f(I0).
:
P1 P1a (
), P1 = U1I1; P1a = U1I1(1) cos 1 , I1 U1
, 1
U1 I1(1) ;
= P1a /P1 = (I1(1)/I1)cos 1 = 1 cos 1
, 1 = I1(1)/I1
;
P0 = U0I0 ;
= P0/(P0 + P) P , . . PV , P P (P = PV + P + P).

m, .
S, (
): S = k. / k. .
S,

. P1,
, P0,
.

() P
PI = m1U1I1 PII = m2U2I2
P = (PI + PII)/2. (m1) (m2) , m1 m2 . - [], [],
-

U1 U2 ()
I1 I2 .
PI , PII (PI < PII),
I0/m2 ,
.
(PI = PII).
, U2 I2 U0 I0 ,
ImV U m.
,
, .

. 2, . :

0
/

0
/

## I1 = (1/2) i21 (t) dt = 1,21nI0 ,

0

n = w2/w1 U2/U1 ;
P1 = U1I1 2,7P0; P = (P1 + P2)/2 = kP0 3,1P0;
P2 = U2I2 3,5P0; k = Em /U0 = 1,57.
(. 1, )
i2 ,
, , .
() (. 1, ).
. 2, .
-

,
, . , .

, . . c
L- LC-,
,
LC- |Xc| << R.
() (. 3, )
,
(iV = i2),

i2 i2 , u2 = Ldi2/dt +
+ Ri2 , . . i2 = i2 + i2 = Im sin (t
) + Im sin exp (t/) , u2 =
= E2msin t ; = L/R; L ; R =
= R + r + rV ; r, rV
.

, . 3, , ,
t = . , = L/R i .
, (R >> L),
, ,
,

U0 = E2m/, .
, ,
.

,
=
= 1cos 1
,
.
,
(. 4, ),
(t > )
VD1 (. 3, , . 4, ).

VD2 ,
( < t < 2), ,

L (0 < t < ).
i ,
.
, i
= L/R, I0 . kI / (2),

iV1 iV2
.

,

= 1cos 1 ,
.

()

(. 5, ). . 5, . L

,

m 2. :
U0 = 0,9U2; U2 = 1,1U0 ; I2 = I0 ; k = Em1 /U0 = 0,67 ;
P1 = U1I1 = 1,1P0; k2 = P2/P0,
k1 = P1/P0 ;
P2 = U2I2 = 1,1P0; P = P0(k1 + k2)/2 = 1,1P0 .

-
. (. 6, ),
, .

- ( Ls)
. 6, . iV

u2 0 < /2.
0 < t < t3

iV(t) = ic + i E2m

## ( cos t + sin t)/R, =

= RC1.
k = Em / U0
>> 1.

, , u2
C1 , . .
E2m. C1 R, ic . , t3 = 0 + ,
, :

## u (t) = uc(t) = E2m sin( t3) exp [(t t3)/].

t3 = arctg(),
, = 0
/2 .
= R C1 >> 1/,
u2(t) = E2m sin 0 E2m xp [ (0,75 + 0)/].
C1 ( = R C1)
, . R ,
, .
, ,

.

, (m 1) , .

. 7.

(. 8), , .

I1,

10

I2, U2, U, U I. (, ,
) , . ( ).

,
. S1 S2
, .

VD3 VD4. .
:
i1, u2, i2, iVD1, iVD3, uVD1, u, iC1, u.
(, ) .

,
. .
1. ( S1, S2
, ).

11

1.1. ( 5) ,
, ,
( S2).
:

-
(L2 C2)
-
(C1L2 C2)

( )

+
+
+
+

+
+

+
+

1.2. , ()
, . .

U = f(I) , (
), , - - .
.

R = U/I .
2. .
S1, S2 .
, . 1.1 1.2.
3. .
3.1.

.
3.2. - .

12

1. .
2. . .
3. .

1. ?
2. .
?
3. ,

: ) R; ) - LR; ) - RC.
4. ?
5.
c , , , 1A.
6.
.
7. U0
(U0 = f(L)), k = f(L)
: ,
.
8. : ) L ; ) C1 ?
9.
I0 .
10.
, ? P > P0?
11. ? ?

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