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# Subject: Math

Topic: Addition and Subtraction within 20
Content: This lesson plan is for a 1st grade inclusion class. This lesson
plan includes a few strategies to get to the same solution. This is great
for targeting different learning styles in the classroom.
Goals:
Common Core
Standard:

Objectives:

Materials:

## The students will be able to model addition and subtraction within 20 to

solve problem by using a number line (adding on or counting back), and
drawing cubes to illustrate their work.
GRADE 1: Operations & Algebraic Thinking
CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.1.0.A.A.1, CCSS.MATH.CONTENT.1.0A.A2
Represent and solve problems involving addition and subtraction.
1. Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word problems
involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting together,
taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions, e.g., by
using objects, drawing, and equations with a symbol for the
unknown number to represent the problem.
2. Solve word problems that call for addition of three whole numbers
whose sum is less than or equal to 20, e.g., by using objects,
drawings, and equations with a symbol for the unknown number to
represent the problem.
1. Students will be able to add and subtract within 20, by adding on,
taking from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with
using objects, drawing and equations to represent the problem.
2. Students will be able to add and subtract within 20 by counting on
or back, using a number line (e.g., 14+5= will be demonstrated by
going to 14 on the number like and counting on 5. Student will
stop on the number 19 on the number line and that would be their
Manipulators
Work Problem Worksheet
White Boards
PowerPoint presentation
Number line

Introduction:

## The students will be introduced to a 1- 20 number line to add and subtract

whole numbers by counting on to add or counting back to subtract. The
student will then create their own number line in their notes to use to help
them with this lesson. Along with using a lesson plan students will draw
cubes to demonstrate their understanding of addition and subtraction.
Addition and subtracting negative numbers will not assessed but it will be
introduce to students. It Is important to introduce it to students for them
to feel comfortable working with a number line.

## I will demonstrate a couple of addition and subtraction problems to help

the students grasp the concept,
For example, 4+7=, students will start on the number 4 on their number
line and they will count on 7 to get the answer 11 for this problem.

## The students will also draw (cubes) to show their work.

19-6=, the students will start on the number 19 on their number line and
they count back 6 to get the answer 13 for this problem.

## This is a complicated concept for students to understand therefore, a

PowerPoint presentation will be prepared to help students grasp addition
concept of this lesson. The PowerPoint presentation will also go over prior
knowledge that was already taught, but in a more visual presentation. The
power point presentation will further explain how to using number line
and drawing cubes to solve addition and subtraction problems.
After the presentation, students will work on a class worksheet. (Attached)
Conclusion:

## Students will be introduced to a fun way to add and subtract numbers. On

the board I will write numbers 1-20. Then I will choose a number 1-20,
and students will try to guess how they could get that number by either
adding or subtracting. For example, if I choose the number 10. A student
could write on their white boards the number sentence 20-10=10. Each
student will have manipulator to help them understand the concept of 2010=10. Manipulators (objects) are a necessary visual aid for students.

Follow-up:

## For homework students will create 20 of their own equations. Students

will solve the equation they created by using a number line and objects.
Student will also needs to demonstrate their work by drawing cubes.

Differentiation:

## This lesson involves differentiation instruction, which is an approach to

teaching that advocates active planning for and attention to student
differences in classroom. This is necessary for a high quality curriculum.
This lesson activates all learning styles, visual, auditory, and kinesthetic.
Students are able to visually and kinesthetic understand how to add and
subtract by using a number line, objects, and drawing cubes. Students will
listen to the teachers instructions and the auditory PowerPoint
presentation to help them understand how to add and subtract using a
number like and drawing cubes.
Students will be assessed on their ability to add and subtract numbers
within 20 using a number line, objects and drawing cubes in a test. While
students are working on the test, I will walk around to assess that
students are using objects properly to solve each equation. (The test will
be attached. )

Assessment:

Name: ___________________
Date: ___________________
Early Childhood Elementary Math Worksheet
Addition and Subtration Within 20, Class Worksheet
Directions: Work independently for each equation demonstrate your work using a number line,
objects and drawing cubes.
1)

1+8=

Number Line:
Cubes:
2)

3 + 7=

Number Line:
Cubes:

3)

15 + 3 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
4)

12 + 7 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
5)

95=

Number Line:
Cubes:
6)

16 8 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
7)

86=

Number Line:
Cubes:
8)

18 19 =

Number Line:
Cubes:

Standard
1.OA.1

## 1.OA.1 Use addition and subtraction within 20 to solve word

problems involving situations of adding to, taking from, putting
together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in all positions,
e.g., by using objects, drawing, and equations with a symbol for
the unknown number to represent the problem. (See Problem Type
Chart)

Embedded
Standards

## 1.OA.5 Relate Counting to addition and subtraction (e.g. by counting

E
3

2.OA.1 Use addition and subtraction within 100 to solve one- and
two-step word problems involving situations of adding to, taking
from, putting together, taking apart, and comparing, with unknowns in
all positions, e.g., by using drawings and equations with a symbol for
the unknown number to represent the problems.

## Student is inconsistent or needs support and prompts, to solve

real world problems involving addition/subtraction with totals within
20. The student is unable to consistently use objects, drawings,
and/or equations with symbols for the unknown in the equation
without teacher prompts. Student may be unable to communicate
precisely to others.

## Student consistently and independently solve real world problems

involving addition/subtraction with totals within 20. The student will
use objects, drawings, and equations with symbols for the
unknown in the equation. Student communicates precisely to
others.
Problem Type__________________

## Problem Type _________________

With support and prompts, student does not solve real world
problems involving addition/subtraction with totals to 20. The student
has no understanding of the story and cannot represent the
problem.

## Student will be given multiple opportunities to exhibit proficiency.

Support and Prompts = teacher questioning, small group instruction and one on one help from the teacher
and or interventionist.
3- Demonstrating the standard independently (meeting grade level expectation)
expectations)
1- Not progressing towards grade level expectations (Concerns)

Name: ___________________
Date: ___________________
Early Childhood Elementary Math Worksheet
Addition and Subtration Within 20, TEST
Directions: Work independently for each equation demonstrate your work using a number line,
objects and drawing cubes. Make sure you are using objects, I will walk around to assess if
objects are used properly.
1)

17 + 2 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
2)

15 + 4 =

Number Line:
Cubes:

3)

7-9=

Number Line:
Cubes:
4)

12 + 5 =

Number Line:
Cubes:

5)

9 10 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
6)

19 8 =

Number Line:
Cubes:
7)

4-7=

Number Line:
Cubes:
8)

15 - 13=

Number Line:
Cubes:

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