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ABSTRACT

Hydraulic system plays very important role in almost all the application. As in automobile
industries, small service center, aircraft industries and used where precision is required.
Traditional method of bearing removal or installation is hammering, but unnecessary
hammering causes several problems. The unsafe and excessive hammering causes damage of
bearing surface or sometimes chance to failure and excessive human effort required. In order
to remove or installed bearing safely, to make modification in traditional method. The
modification made in easy removing and installing bearing. The purpose of modification are
required less human effort , simplicity of operation , removing and installing bearing done
without damaging bearing surface, compact, portable and well suited .the hydraulic bearing
puller based on hydraulic system on the principle of pascals law which states that pressure
distribution in enclosed cylinder is uniform in all direction.

INTRODUCTION
The hydraulic bearing puller and pusher is a device which is used for removing as well as
installing bearing on the shaft. In the machine the press fit operations are very complicated to
align the assembly. For this type of operations required heavy force for assembly &
dissembling the bearing from the machines. It can widely & effectively used for removing the
bearing. Bearings are made to exacting tolerances and have very fine surface finishes. In
order to maintain the geometrical precision and the surface integrity of ball and roller bearing
raceways and rolling elements, it is mandatory that care in storage, handling and installation
be observed. The hydraulic bearing puller and pusher perform both pulling and pushing
operation safely and without harming bearing surfaces.

OBJECTIVE

In order to remove bearing safely, to make modification in traditional method. The


modification made in easy removing and installing bearing. The purpose of modification are,
1) Simplicity of operation.
2) Removing and installing of bearing done without damaging bearing surface.
3) Compact, portable and well suited.
4) Low cost.
5) An individual can perform the operation.
6) Life of bearing increase

HYDRAULICS
Hydraulic's:
The word hydraulics concerned with study of behavior of water at rest and at motion i.e.
behavior of liquids. Hydraulics includes properties, advantages and applications of liquids.
The two main scientists give the direction to forward, one is Daniel Bernoulli and another is
Blase Pascal. Bernoulli's conducted an experiment on fluid flow and gives fluid flow
equation to the world and at same period Pascal developed science of hydraulics.

Pascal's Hydraulic Principle: B.


According to Pascal's law "The fluid pressure in an enclosed vessels is uniform in all
direction". Consider a vessels having two surfaces and having area A1 and A2 respectively.
Also F1 and F2 be the forces acting on area A1 and area A2.

Considering surface 1 having area A1 and force F1.Therefore, Pressure acting on surface 1 is
given by,
P1 = F1 / A1 (1)
Similarly,
P2 = F2 / A2 (2)
As the pressure is same in all the direction, the smaller piston feels a smaller force and a large
piston feels a large force. Therefore, a large force can be generated with smaller force input
by using hydraulic systems.

P1 = P2
F1 / A1 = F2 / A2 (3)
Fluid does not absorb any kind of supplied energy and it is capable of moving much higher
load's and Providing much higher forces due to the incompressibility.
FLUID POWER

Fluid power is a term which was created to include the generation, control, and
application of smooth, effective power of pumped or compressed fluids (either liquids or
gases) when this power is used to provide force and motion to mechanisms. This force
and motion maybe in the form of pushing, pulling, rotating, regulating, or driving. Fluid
power includes hydraulics, which involves liquids, and pneumatics, which involves gases.
Liquids and gases are similar in many respects. The differences are pointed out in the
appropriate areas of this manual. This manual presents many of the fundamental
concepts in the fields of hydraulics and pneumatics. It is intended as a basic reference
for all personnel of the Navy whose duties and responsibilities require them to
have a knowledge of the fundamentals of fluid power.
Consequently, emphasis is placed primarily on the theory of operation of typical fluid power
systems and components that have applications in naval equipment. Many applications of
fluid power are presented in this manual to illustrate the functions and operation of
different systems and components. However, these are only representative of the many
applications of fluid power in naval equipment. Individual training manuals for each rate
provide information concerning the application of fluid power to specific equipment
for which the rating is responsible.

FORCES IN LIQUIDS
The study of liquids is divided into two main parts: liquids at rest (hydrostatics) and liquids in
motion (hydraulics).The effects of liquids at rest can often be expressed by simple
formulas. The effects of liquids in motion are more difficult to express due to
frictional and other factors whose actions cannot be expressed by simple mathematics.
Liquids have a definite volume but take the shape of their containing vessel. There
are two additional characteristics we must explore prior to proceeding. Liquids are
almost incompressible. For example, if a pressure of 100 pounds per square inch (psi) is
applied to a given volume of water that is at atmospheric pressure, the volume will
decrease by only 0.03 percent. It would take a force of approximately 32 tons to
reduce
its volume by 10 percent; however, when this force is removed, the water
immediately returns to its original volume. Other liquids behave in about the same
manner as water. Another characteristic of a liquid is the tendency to keep its free
surface level. If the surface is not level, liquids will flow in the direction which
will tend to make the surface level.

TRANSMISSION OF FORCES THROUGH LIQUIDS


When the end of a solid bar is struck, the main force of the blow is carried straight through
the bar to the other end (fig. 2-4, view A). This happens because the bar is rigid. The
direction of the blow almost entirely determines the direction of the transmitted force.

The more rigid the bar, the less force is lost inside the bar or transmitted outward at
right angles to the direction of the blow. When a force is applied to the end of a column of
confined liquid (fig. 2-4, view B), it is transmitted straight through to the other end
and also equally and undiminished in every direction throughout the columnforward,
backward, and sidewaysso that the containing vessel is literally filled with pressure. An
example of this distribution of force is illustrated in figure 2-5. The flat hose takes on
a circular cross section when it is filled with water under pressure. The outward push of
the water is equal in every direction.

Figure 2-5.Distribution of force


Liquids At Rest
In studying fluids at rest, we are concerned with the transmission of force and the
factors which affect the forces in liquids. Additionally, pressure in and on liquids
and factors affecting pressure are of great importance.

PROPERTIES
If fluidity (the physical property of a substance that enables it to flow) and
incompressibility were the only properties required, any liquid not too thick might be
used in a hydraulic system. However, a satisfactory liquid for a particular system must
possess a number of other properties. The most important properties and some characteristics
are discussed in the following paragraphs.
VISCOSITY
Viscosity is one of the most important properties of hydraulic fluids. It is a measure of a
fluids resistance to flow. A liquid, such as gasoline, which flows easily has a low
viscosity; and a liquid, such as tar, which flows slowly has a high viscosity. The
viscosity of a liquid is affected by changes in temperature and pressure. As the
temperature of a liquid increases, its viscosity decreases. That is, a liquid flows more
easily when it is hot than when it is cold. The viscosity of a liquid increases as the
pressure on the liquid increases. A satisfactory liquid for a hydraulic system must be
thick enough to give a good seal at pumps, motors, valves, and so on. These
components depend on close fits for creating and maintaining pressure. Any internal
leakage through these clearances results in loss of pressure, instantaneous control, and
pump efficiency .Leakage losses are greater with thinner liquids(low viscosity). A liquid
that is too thin will also allow rapid wearing of moving parts, or of parts that operate under
heavy loads. On the other hand, if the liquid is too thick (viscosity too high),the internal
friction of the liquid will cause an increase in the liquids flow resistance through
clearances of closely fitted parts, lines, and internal passages. This results in pressure
drops throughout the system, sluggish operation of the equipment, and an increase
in power consumption.

Measurement of Viscosity
Viscosity is normally determined by measuring the time required for a fixed volume
of a fluid(at a given temperature) to flow through a calibrated orifice or capillary
tube. The instruments used to measure the viscosity of a liquid are known as
viscometers or viscosimeters. Several types of viscosimeters are in use today. The Saybolt
viscometer, shown in figure 3-1,measures the time required, in seconds, for
60milliliters of the tested fluid at 100F to pass through a standard orifice. The time
measured is used to express the fluids viscosity, in Saybolt universal seconds or
Saybolt furol seconds. The glass capillary viscometers, shown in figure 3-2, are
examples of the second type of viscometer used. These viscometers are used measure
kinematic viscosity. Like the Saybolt viscometer, the glass capillary measures the time in
seconds required for the tested fluid to flow through the capillary. This time is multiplied
by the temperature constant of the viscometer in use to provide the viscosity,
expressed in centistokes. The following formulas may be used to convert
centistokes (cSt units) to approximate Saybolt universal seconds (SUS units).

CHEMICAL STABILITY
Chemical stability is another property which is exceedingly important in the selection of
a hydraulic liquid. It is defined as the liquids ability to resist oxidation and deterioration
for long periods. All liquids tend to undergo un favourable changes under severe operating
conditions. This is the case, for example, when a system operates for a considerable
period of time at high temperatures. Excessive temperatures, especially extremely high
temperatures, have a great effect on the life of a liquid. The temperature of the liquid in the
reservoir of an operating hydraulic system does not always indicate the operating
conditions throughout the system. Localized hot spots occur on bearings, gear teeth, or at
other points where the liquid under pressure is forced through small orifices. Continuous
passage of the liquid through these points may produce local temperatures high enough
to carbonize the liquid or turn it into sludge, yet the liquid in the reservoir may not
indicate an excessively high temperature. Liquids may break down if exposed to air,
water, salt, or other impurities, especially if they are in constant motion or subjected to heat.
Some metals, such as zinc, lead, brass, and copper, have undesirable chemical
reactions with certain liquids. These chemical reactions result in the formation of sludge,
gums, carbon, or other deposits which clog openings, cause valves and pistons to stick or
leak, and give poor lubrication to moving parts.

FREEDOM FROM ACIDITY


An ideal hydraulic liquid should be free from acids which cause corrosion of the metals in the
system. Most liquids cannot be expected to remain completely noncorrosive under
severe operating conditions. The degree of acidity of a liquid, when new, may be
satisfactory; but after use, the liquid may tend to become corrosive as it begins to
deteriorate.
Certain corrosion and rust-preventive additives are added to hydraulic liquids. Some of
these additives are effective only for a limited period. Therefore, the best procedure is to use
the liquid specified for the system for the time specified by the system manufacturer and to
protect the liquid and the system as much as possible from contamination by foreign
matter, from abnormal temperatures, and from misuse.
FLASHPOINT
Flashpoint is the temperature at which a liquid gives off vapour in sufficient quantity to
ignite momentarily or flash when a flame is applied. A high flashpoint is desirable for
hydraulic liquids because it provides good resistance to combustion and a low degree
of evaporation at normal temperatures. Required flashpoint minimums vary from 300F
for the lightest oils to 510F for the heaviest oils.

FIRE POINT
Fire point is the temperature at which a substance gives off vapour in sufficient
quantity to ignite and continue to burn when exposed to a spark or flame. Like
flashpoint, a high fire point is required of desirable hydraulic liquids.
MINIMUM TOXICITY
Toxicity is defined as the quality, state, or degree of being toxic or poisonous. Some
liquids contain chemicals that are a serious toxic hazard. These toxic or poisonous chemicals
may enter the body through inhalation, by absorption through the skin, or through the eyes or
the mouth. The result is sickness and, in some cases, death. Manufacturers of hydraulic
liquids strive to produce suitable liquids that contain no toxic chemicals and, as a result,
most hydraulic liquids are free of harmful chemicals. Some fire-resistant liquids are toxic,
and suitable protection and care in handling must be provided.
DENSITY AND COMPRESSIBILITY
A fluid with a specific gravity of less than 1.0is desired when weight is critical, although with
proper system design, a fluid with a specific gravity greater than one can be tolerated.
Where avoidance of detection by military units is desired, a fluid which sinks rather than
rises to the surface of the water is desirable. Fluids having a specific gravity greater than
1.0 are desired, as leaking fluid will sink, allowing the vessel with the leak to remain
undetected. Recall from chapter 2 that under extreme pressure a fluid may be
compressed up to 7 percent of its original volume. Highly compressible fluids produce
sluggish system operation. This does not present a serious problem in small, low-speed
operations, but it must be considered in the operating instructions.
CLEANLINESS
Cleanliness in hydraulic systems has received considerable attention recently. Some
hydraulic systems, such as aerospace hydraulic systems, are extremely sensitive to
contamination. Fluid cleanliness is of primary importance because contaminants can
cause component malfunction, prevent proper valve seating, cause wear in components,
and may increase the response time of servo valves. Fluid contaminants are discussed later.
The inside of a hydraulic system can only be kept as clean as the fluid added to it. Initial fluid
cleanliness can be achieved by observing stringent cleanliness requirements ( or by
filtering all fluid added to the system.

TYPES OF HYDRAULIC FLUIDS

Hydraulic
Fluids

Petrolium
Based

Synthetic
fire
resistant

water
based fireresistant

There have been many liquids tested for use in hydraulic systems. Currently, liquids being
used include mineral oil, water, phosphate ester, water-based ethylene glycol
compounds, and silicone fluids. The three most common types of hydraulic liquids are
petroleum-based, synthetic fire-resistant, and water-based fire-resistant.
PETROLEUM-BASED FLUIDs
The most common hydraulic fluids used in shipboard systems are the petroleum-based
oils. These fluids contain additives to protect the fluid from oxidation (antioxidant), to
protect system metals from corrosion (anticorrosion), to reduce tendency of the fluid to
foam (foam suppressant),and to improve viscosity. Petroleum-based fluids are used in
surface ships electro hydraulic steering and deck machinery systems, submarines
hydraulic systems, and aircraft automatic pilots, shock absorbers, brakes, control
mechanisms, and other hydraulic systems using seal materials compatible with
petroleum-based fluids.
SYNTHETIC FIRE-RESISTANT FLUIDS
Petroleum-based oils contain most of the desired properties of a hydraulic liquid. However,
they are flammable under normal conditions and can become explosive when subjected to
high pressures and a source of flame or high temperatures. Non flammable synthetic liquids
have been developed for use in hydraulic systems where fire hazards exist.
WATER-BASED FIRE-RESISTANTFLUIDS
The most widely used water-based hydraulic fluids may be classified as water-glycol
mixtures and water-synthetic base mixtures. The water-glycol mixture contains additives
to protect it from oxidation, corrosion, and biological growth and to enhance its loadcarrying capacity. There-fore, frequent checks to maintain the correct ratio of water are
important. The water-based fluid used in catapult retracting engines, jet blast
deflectors, and weapons elevators and handling systems conforms to MIL-H22072.The
safety precautions outlined for phosphate ester fluid and the disposal of phosphate
ester fluid also apply to water-based fluid conforming to MIL-H-22072.

Hydraulic Jack:
Hydraulic Jack is perhaps one of the best examples of fluid power system. It plays very
important role in automobile industries to facillate servicing and repair. It may be portable
device. By operating handle of small device and individual can lift load of several tons.
Hydraulic jack works on the principle of Pascal's. Hydraulic Jack consists of Cylinder,
Plunger, and Handle, Oil reservoir, Pressure release and relief valve.
When the handle is operated, the plunger reciprocates then the oil from the reservoir is
sucked into the plunger cylinder during upward stroke of the plunger through the suction
valve. The oil in the plunger cylinder is delivered into the ram cylinder during the downward
stroke of the plunger through the delivery valve. This pressurized oil lifts the load up, which
is placed on top plate of the ram. After the work is completed the pressure in the ram cylinder
is released by unscrewing the lowering screw thus the pressure releases and the ram is
lowered, then the oil is rushed into the reservoir.

Parts of a hydraulic cylinder

Cylinder barrel
The cylinder barrel is mostly a seamless thick walled forged pipe that must be machined
internally. The cylinder barrel is ground and/or honed internally
Cylinder base or cap

In most hydraulic cylinders, the barrel and the bottom portion are welded together. This can
damage the inside of the barrel if done poorly. Therefore, some cylinder designs have a
screwed or flanged connection from the cylinder end cap to the barrel. (See "Tie rod
cylinder", below) In this type the barrel can be disassembled and repaired.
Cylinder head
The cylinder head is sometimes connected to the barrel with a sort of a simple lock (for
simple cylinders). In general, however, the connection is screwed or flanged. Flange
connections are the best, but also the most expensive. A flange has to be welded to the pipe
before machining. The advantage is that the connection is bolted and always simple to
remove. For larger cylinder sizes, the disconnection of a screw with a diameter of 300 to 600
mm is a huge problem as well as the alignment during mounting.
Piston
The piston is a short, cylindrical metal component that separates the two parts of the cylinder
barrel internally. The piston is usually machined with grooves to fit elastomeric or metal
seals. These seals are often O-rings, U-cups or cast iron rings. They prevent the pressurized
hydraulic oil from passing by the piston to the chamber on the opposite side. This difference
in pressure between the two sides of the piston causes the cylinder to extend and retract.
Piston seals vary in design and material according to the pressure and temperature
requirements that the cylinder will see in service. Generally speaking, elastomeric seals made
from nitrile rubber or other materials are best in lower temperature environments, while seals
made of Viton are better for higher temperatures. The best seals for high temperature are cast
iron piston rings.
Piston rod
The piston rod is typically a hard chrome-plated piece of cold-rolled steel which attaches to
the piston and extends from the cylinder through the rod-end head. In double rod-end
cylinders, the actuator has a rod extending from both sides of the piston and out both ends of
the barrel. The piston rod connects the hydraulic actuator to the machine component doing
the work. This connection can be in the form of a machine thread or a mounting attachment,
such as a rod-clevis or rod-eye. These mounting attachments can be threaded or welded to the
piston rod or, in some cases, they are a machined part of the rod-end.
Rod gland
The cylinder head is fitted with seals to prevent the pressurized oil from leaking past the
interface between the rod and the head. This area is called the rod gland. It often has another
seal called a rod wiper which prevents contaminants from entering the cylinder when the
extended rod retracts back into the cylinder. The rod gland also has a rod wear ring. This wear
ring acts as a linear bearing to support the weight of the piston rod and guides it as it passes
back and forth through the rod gland. In some cases, especially in small hydraulic cylinders,
the rod gland and the rod wear ring are made from a single integral machined part.
Other parts
Cylinder base connection
Seals

Cushions

Single acting vs. double acting


Single acting cylinders are economical and the simplest design. Hydraulic fluid enters
through a port at one end of the cylinder, which then moves the piston to extend the rod. An
external force returns the piston to its normal position and forces the hydraulic fluid back
through the supply tubing to the fluid reservoir.
Double acting cylinders have a port at each end, supplied with hydraulic fluid for both
the retraction and extension of the piston. They are used where an external force is not
available to retract the piston or where high force is required in both directions of travel.
An hydraulic cylinder should be used for pushing and pulling only. No bending moments or
side loads should be transmitted to the piston rod or the cylinder to prevent rapid failure of
the rod seals. For this reason, the ideal connection of an hydraulic cylinder is a single clevis
with a spherical ball bearing. This allows the hydraulic actuator to move and allow for any
misalignment between the actuator and the load it is pushing.

PULLER

Designed as a tool to make the removal and installation of bearings simple and efficient,
bearing pullers often resemble a pair of scissors. In some cases, the configuration of the
puller will allow the extraction of both gears and bearings, including those that are connected
with a series of shafts within the mechanism. Different sizes of bearing pullers make it
possible to use the device on everything from a pair of skates to complicated industrial
machinery.
Handheld models of bearing pullers are usually constructed along lines that are similar to a
pair of scissors. The main section of tongs are controlled by simple inserts that allow for the
hand to easily open and close the mechanism. Small flat points at the end of the tongs make it
possible to easily insert the device into a gear box or other gear section containing the
individual bearings and easily remove one or more of the small components. At the same
time, the pullers can also be used to place fresh bearings back into the mechanism, without
the need to completely disassemble the entire apparatus.
Larger versions of bearing pullers are made to use in many factories. Since manufacturing
plants use equipment that runs with the use of gears, the ability to replace worn bearings
quickly and efficiently is important to maintaining production quotas. Industrial sized bearing
pullers make this possible with little or not downtime for the production process.

A bearing puller is a steel tool with a central hub and a threaded bolt hole running through it,
containing a large bolt. There are 2-4 arms with clawed ends attached to the hub so they can
be placed around a bearing on a shaft. The bolt is then tightened against the shaft, pulling the
bearing off.
Traditional Method of Bearing Removal:
Traditionally, bearing removal and installation done by hammering, but such hammering
causes several problems. They are,
1) Excessive hammering causes damage of bearing surfaces and sometimes chance to failure.
2) More effort required to install and remove bearing because of hammering.

TYPES OF HYDRAULIC VALVES


Two common types of hydraulic jacks include bottle jacks and floor jacks.
Bottle Jacks

Bottle jacks became popular in the early 1900s when the automobile industry began to take
off. Also called hand jacks, bottle jacks provided an easy way for an individual to lift up a
vehicle for roadside inspection or service. Their resemblance to milk bottles earned bottle
jacks their nametoday, they range in size and weight to offer a lifting capability ranging
from one hundred to several tons. Bottle jacks feature a vertical shaft, which supports a
platform (called a bearing pad) that directly bears the weight of the object as it is lifted.
Although they are most commonly used in the automobile industry (1.5 to 5 ton jacks are
frequently used to lift cars), bottle jacks have other uses as well. In the medical industry they
can be used in hydraulic stretchers and patient lifts. In industrial applications, they can be
found as pipe benders used in plumbing, as cable slicers for electrical projects, and as
material lifts within warehouses. Their ability to lift heavy loads plays a big role in enabling
the repair of large agricultural machinery and in many construction operations. Bottle jacks
can be secured within a frame, mounted on a beam, or simply used as they are for easier jack
transportation.

Floor Jacks
Unlike bottle jack shafts, the shaft in a floor jacks is horizontalthe shaft pushes on a crank
that connects to a lifting pad, which is then lifted horizontally. Floor jacks typically provide a
greater range of vertical lift than bottle jacks, and are available in two sizes. The original jack
is about four feet long, a foot wide, and weights around 200 poundsthey can lift 4-10 tons.
A more compact model was later made, which is about three feet in length, and can lift 11/2

tons. Although mini jacks are also produced, they are not a recognized standard type of
floor jack. Typically, one of the first two sizes should be used.
WORKING AND DESIGN
Hydraulic puller and pusher perform both the operation i.e. removal of bearing and
installation respectively. Hydraulic pulling consists of adjustable mechanical jaw puller
inbuilt with the hydraulic jack. When pump operated, plunger comes outside. Then
mechanical jaws adjusted bellow the bearing and again operate the pump. During operation,
hydraulic jack applies continuous pressure on shaft and mechanical jaw remove bearing from
shaft.
During pushing operation, two pusher inbuilt in a frame which pushes a bearing clamp.
Bearing clamp supports the bearing while performing pushing operation. The middle portion
clamping plate is in elliptical shape and provided with sitting arrangement and is adjustable
range from 50-100 mm. The clamping plate is adjustable by means providing stud on both
sides.

Design of Hydraulic Bearing Puller and Pusher:

Design Consideration:
1) Load capacity of Hydraulic Jack (W) = 5 ton (50 KN)
Operating Pressure (p) = 80 Kgf
Lift Range (L) = 20 cm
Man effort put on handle (e) = 20Kg
Permissible tensile stress of mild steel (6t) = 120 N/mm2
No. of stroke for lifting load (n) = 150
Factor of safety = 5
Permissible shear stress of mild steel () = 20 N/mm2
Permissible comp. stress of mild steel (6c) = 20 N/mm2
Permissible comp. stress of cast iron (6c) = 120 N/mm2
Permissible shear stress of cast iron () = 35 N/mm2

Design of Hydraulic Jack:


The material of hydraulic jack is cast iron and having capacity of 5 ton i.e.50 KN. Material
used for handle and jack plate is mild steel.

Outer diameter of jack (Do) = 60 mm


Inner diameter of jack (Di) = 30 mm
Oil capacity in reservoir at bottom of jack = 200 ml
Handle attached to jack (l*b*t) = ( 280 mm*10 mm*8 mm)
Plate attached to jack (l*b*t) = ( 150 mm*100 mm*10 mm)
Central hole on plate for jack = 60 mm
Vertical stud rod attach to both sides diagonally to the jack plate(l) = 310 mm
Stud rod through both sides of plate of diameter = 6 mm

Design of Bearing Puller and Puller Plate:


The puller used to remove bearing from shaft .and material for both is mild steel.
Size of bearing puller = 150 mm
Puller plate dimension (l*b*t) = (135 mm*23 mm*3 mm)
Upper hole on puller plate ( Du) = 10 mm
Lower hole on puller plate ( Dl) = 6 mm

Design of Shaft and Shaft Clamp:


Material used for shaft is SAE 1030 steel and for shaft clamp is mild steel. During pushing
operation of bearing, shaft clamp plays very important role i.e. to hold the shaft.
Diameter of shaft ( D) = 50 mm
Shaft clamp Dimension (l*b*t) = ( 180 mm*80 mm*18 mm)
Central hole on clamp plate of diameter = 50 mm
Hole on clamp plate for vertical stud of diameter = 20 mm
Stud hole on both sides of clamp (adjustable) = 8 mm

Design of Bearing Clamp: 5)


Bearing clamp made up of mild steel and having sitting arrangement to bearing when pushing
of bearing into shaft. The sitting arrangement is of in elliptical shape.
Bearing clamp dimension (l*b*t) = ( 180 mm*90 mm*14 mm)
Inner elliptical size on shaft = 80 mm
Outer elliptical size on shaft = 110 mm

Stud on both side of bearing clamp = 6 mm

Design Of Pushing Arrangement: 6)


The material used for pusher is mild steel. Pusher is made like C frame having horizontal
stripes on which two vertical strips welded at the end of horizontal strips . The two horizontal
loads welded on vertical strips.
Horizontal strip dimension ( l*b*t) = ( 180 mm*15 mm*10mm)
Vertical strips dimension ( l*b*t) = ( 40 mm*15 mm*10mm)
Horizontal load strips (l*b*t ) = ( 120mm*20mm*15mm)

PROTOTYPING

ADD IMAGES OF YOUR FINISHED PROTOTYPE HERE

CONCLUSION
In order to remove and installed bearing safely, to make modification in traditional method.
The modification made in easy removing and installing bearing. The purposes of
modification are Simplicity of operation, removing and installation of bearing done without
damaging bearing surface, compact, portable, well suited, low cost, Multifunctional ,safe
,versatile and individual can lift a load weighing several ton.

REFERENCES

The following papers are being studied and are referred for the project. These papers belong
to various authors, having various papers related to the Hydraulic Bearing Puller and Pusher.
[1] Mohammed Abuzaid, Mohammad Hasnain, Shabaj Alam, Sohail Khan, Prof. Surendra
Agarwal "INBUILT HYDRAULIC JACK IN AUTOMOBILE VEHICLES, International
Journal of innovation in Engineering and Technology,Vol.2 Issue 2 April 2013 ISSN:23191058, Satyam education and social welfare society group of institutions,Bhopal, MP
(INDIA).
[2] Ahmad Farudzi Bin Azib, Shamsuddin Bin Abdullah,Mohd Sobri Bin Hussain"THE
EXTENSION HYDRAULIC WHEELWRENCH"International Journal of Applied Science
and Technology,Vol.4 No.1 January 2014, Mechanical Engineering Department,Polytechnic
Kota Bharu, Kelantan, Malaysia.
[3] Olawale J Okegibile, Abdulkadir B.Hassan, Abubakar Mohammad, Emmanues
A.Onekater"DESIGN OF IMPROVED HYDRAULIC ACCUMULATORFOR A TRUCK
LOADING LIFT" International Journal of Advanced scientific and research, Issue 4.Vol.2,
March- April 2014 ISSN:2249-9954, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Federal
University of Technology ,Minna, Nigeria.
[4] Feng Wang, Linyi Gu, Ying chen" A HYDRAULIC PRESSURE-BOOST SYSTEM
BASED ON HIGH- SPEED ON-OFF VALVE" IEEE/ASME Vol.18No.2,April 2013
ISSN:1083-4435.
[5]
Franklin
L.
Quilumba,Student
member,IEEE,
Lundonk
K.Lee,Wei-Jen
Lee,Fellow,IEEE ,Alan Harding" IMPROVING HYDRAULIC SYSTEM ENERGY
EFFICIENCYWITH HIGH PERFORMANCE HYDRAULIC FLUIDS"Vol.50,No.2,
March/April 2014 ISSN:0093-9994.
[6] K.Sainath, Mohd Jibran Baig, Mohd Sulahuddin" DESIGN OF MECHANICAL
HYADRAULIC JACK" IOSR Journal of Engineering ISSN (e): 2250-3021, ISSN (p): 22788719 Vol.4, Issue 7 July 20147, Prof. of Mechanical Engineering Department, Sreyas
Institutes of Engineering and Technology, Nagole, Hyderabad.
[7] Guoping Yang, Jian Fang STRUCTURE PARAMETER OPTIMIZATION ANALYSIS
OF HYDRAULIC HAMMER SYSTEM", Scientific ResearchVol.2 137-142, College of
Automotive Engineering and Science, Shanghai, China.
[8] Pravin Kumar R, Rudramurthy" ANALYSIS OF BREAKDOWN AND IMPROVEMENT
OF PREVENTIVEMAINTENANCE ON 1000 TON HYDRAULIC PRESS" IJETAE
ISSN:2250-2459:2008 Certified Journal, Volume 3, Issue 8, August 2013,M. Tech Scholar,
Assistant professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Sri Jayachamarajendra College
of Engineering, Mysor,Karnataka, India.