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The National Qualifying Examination for School

5.

Adults Learners These are learners

Heads (NQESH), also known as the Principals

who are aged 25 years old and above who

Test, serves as a mechanism for selecting

are illiterates or neo-literates who have

school heads in the public education sector. The

either no access to formal education or

Principals Test is open to all interested

have reverted to illiteracy.

applicants for Principal I positions.


6.

Schools

Division

Superintendent

The 2015 Principals Test is based on the seven

He/she can appoint only teachers, school

(7) domains of the National Competency-Based

heads/principals and division education

Standards for School Heads (NCBSSH). The

supervisors.

21stCentury

Managerial

Skills

are

already

integrated in the said 7 domains. Furthermore,


there

will

be no

more

items

7.

the establishment of another new district

on

upon the recommendation of the Schools

communication skills.
1.

Regional Director He/she can direct

Division Superintendent.

Informal Education This refers to the

8.

Regional

Director

lifelong process of learning by which every

exercise

person

teaching personnel only.

acquires

and

accumulates

disciplinary

He/she

action

can

over

the

act

that

knowledge, skills, attitudes and insights


from daily experiences at home, at work,

9.

Republic

Act

9155

An

renamed the DECS into DepEd abolished

at play and from life itself.

the BPESS (Bureau of Physical Education


2.

3.

Integrated Schools Schools that offer

and School Sports) and the transfer of the

a complete basic education in one school

Komisyon ng Wikang Pilipino, national

site and has unified instructional program.

Historical Institute, Records Management

Basic

Education

It

covers

early

childhood education, elementary, high


school, alternative learning system and
special needs education.
4.

are

directly

involved

for Culture and Arts (NCCA).


10. Republic Act 9155 Known as the
Governance of Education Act of 2001

Operating Officers DepEd officials


who

and Archives to the National Commission

in

the

11. Republic Act 8980 Known as the Early


Childhood Care and Development Act

implementation, evaluation and monitoring


plans, programs and projects of the
department.

12. Republic Act 10157 Known as the


Kindergarten Education Act

13. Republic Act 8525 Known as the


Adopt-a-School Act of 1998

25. Presidential Decree 603 Known as


the Child and Youth Welfare Code of the
Philippines

14. Republic Act 7836 Known as the


Philippine

Teachers

Professionalization

Act of 1994

26. Community Linkages It is the learning


environments

that

respond

to

the

aspirations of the community domain of


15. Republic Act 8190 Known as the

the NCBTS.

Localization Law
27. Career Service It is based on merit
16. Republic Act 4670 Known as the
Magna Carta for Public School Teachers
17. Republic Act 6713 Known as the
Code of Conduct and Ethical Standards
for Public Officials and Employees
18. Republic Act 7160 Known as the
Local Government Code of 1991
19. Republic Act 7041 Known as the
Publication Law
20. Republic Act 9184 Known as the
Government Procurement Reform Act
21. Republic Act 7610 Known as the

and

fitness

determined

as

far

as

practicable by competitive examinations


as

based

on

highly

technical

qualifications.
28. MT 1 for 3 years and MA academic
requirements Qualifications to become
a Master Teacher II.
29. Transfer It is the movement of the
employee from one position to another
which is of equivalent rank level or salary
without break in the service.
30. Promotion It is the advancement of
the employee from one position to another

Special Protection of Children against

with

an

increase

in

duties

and

Abuse, Exploitation and Discrimination

responsibilities and usually accompanied


by an increase in salary.

22. Republic Act 7880 Known as the Fair


and Equitable Allocation of the DECS
Budget for Capital Outlay

31. Reinstatement It is the issuance of an


appointment to a person who has been
previously appointed to a position in a

23. Republic Act 7877 Known as the AntiSexual Harassment Act of 1995
24. Batas Pambansa 232 Known as the
Education Act of 1982

career service and who has through no


delinquency
separated
specifies
position.

or

misconduct,

therefrom
restoration

been

exonerating
to

his

him

previous

32. Reassignment It is the movement of

orchestrates diverted at the

different

one employee from on organizational to

aspects of principal operations to achieve

another in the same department or agency

the instructional goals of the school.

which does not involve a reduction in rank,


40. Portfolio Assessment A diagnostic

status or salary.

tool which provides pupils profile and the


33. Six (6) months only An additional

emerging skills that will help him become

period given to a public employee who is

increasingly

independent

learner

already 65 years old but not achieved 15

evaluate his possession of knowledge.

and

years in the service.


41. Fifteen (15) days Number of days a
34. Eight (8) hours and five (5) working

receipt of request by the school to the

days It is the number of hours and days

issuance of official school certificates,

a teacher should render his/her services.

diplomas, transcript of records, grades,


transfer credentials and similar documents

35. Six (6) teaching hours and two (2)

and records.

working hours It is the complete


teaching and working hours of a teacher in
a day.

42. Civil Service Manual It contains the


basic

regulations,

institution

and

information which guide DepEd Central


36. Technical Skill This is a management
skill

given

unfamiliar

to
with

employees
their

job

who
or

are

Office and the field personnel in carrying


out the teacher of the department.

present

assignment.

43. DepEd

Order,

Memoranda

and

Bulletins These are issued by the


37. Strategic Planning It is the process of

DepEd for directions and regulations for

setting directions for an institution to

the information of or compliance by the

realize what it wants to achieve and to go

field.

where he wants to go.


44. Recruitment It refers to the process of
38. 25 points in leadership and potential

searching

for

A minimum point required to a Master

candidates

in

Teacher

quantity.

candidate

in

order

to

be

and

identifying

sufficient

quality

job
and

promoted.
45. Merit Promotion Plan This provides
39. The road to excellence starts here.
A battle cry of every public school which
means excellence is management that

guidelines, policies and procedures for


recruitment, selection and appointment.

46. Learning Management Plan It is a


document focused in learning composed

offense as provided for in the Civil Service


Law, Administrative Law and other laws.

of the Professional Development Plan of


school head, professional development

52. Grievance Procedure It is referred to

plan of teachers and student development

as workable procedure for determining or

activities.

providing the best way to remedy the


specific cause or causes of the grievance.

47. Community of Practice (COP) It is a


group of professionals/workers bound to

53. Property Accountability It is the

one another based on common problems

obligation imposed by law on an official for

and pursuit of solutions.

keeping accurate records of property.

48. Instructional Development It is a

54. The Principals Guidelines Regarding

means of determining the extent to which

Standard Operating Procedures

the application of a new skill/competency

Teachers

learned contributed to improving teaching

Government Property This is to enable

and learning.

the

and

principal

Accounting
to

group

for
of

property

management as applied to teachers in her


49. National Educators Academy of the

particular school.

Philippines (NEAP) Formerly known as


the National Education Learning Center

55. Performance Indicators It refers to

(NELC). It provides continuing strategic

the several key indicators that can be

human resource development programs

computed and utilized for evaluating the

for school managers and leaders within

educational

the

various levels.

context

of

emerging

legitimate

demands.

systems

performance

at

56. Participation Rate It is the ratio

50. Mentoring It is developmental, caring,

between the enrolments in the school age

sharing and helping relationships where

range to the total population of that range.

one person invests time, know-how and


effort

in

enhancing

another

persons

growth, knowledge and skills.

57. Growth Enrolment Rate It refers to


the total enrolment in a given level of
education as a percentage of a population

51. Code of Ethical Standards It defines

which according to national regulations

the administrative disciplinary case as one

should be enrolled at this level. It is the

wherein an official or employee of the

measure of the capacity of a regional

government is prosecuted for an act or

elementary and secondary school.

omission

punishable

as

non-penal

58. Cohort

Survival

Rate

It

is

the

of education in a given school year to the

proportion of enrollees at the beginning

number

of

grade or year who reach the final grade or

positions.

authorized

nationally-paid

year at the end of the required number of


65. M2

years of study.

(moderate)

Maturity

Level

of

Teacher A maturity level of teacher who


59. Completion Rate It is the percentage

does

not

need

only

direction

and

of first year entrants in a level of education

supervision but needs encouragement or

who

support and recognition for a job done.

completes/finishes

the

level

of

accordance with the required number of


66. Encouraging Style of Leadership It is

year of study.

described as a combination of high


60. Drop-out Rate It is the proportion of

directive

(task)

and

high

supportive

pupils who leave the school during the

behavior and is most appropriate to be

year as well as those who complete the

used

grade/year level but fail to enroll in the

competence but lack of commitment.

to

people

who

have

some

next grade/year following the school year


to the total number of pupils during the

67. DepEd

Order

No.

28,

2005

It

recognizes the Red Cross Youth (RCY) as

previous school year.

official co-curricular organization in the


61. Transition Rate It is the percentage of

school and encourages every elementary

pupils who graduate from one level of

and

secondary student

to

enlist

as

education and none on the higher next

members of the Junior Red Cross Youth

level.

(JRCY) and the Senior Red Cross Youth


(SRCY).

62. Achievement Rate It refers to the


degree of performance in different study
areas in various levels of education.

68. Republic Act 8190 The law that


provides

that

teachers-applicant

or

teachers-transferee for that matter given


63. Mean Performance Score (MPS) It

priority if they are bonafide residents of

indicates the ratio between the number of

the barangay, municipality or province

correctly answered items and the total

where the school recipient is located.

number

of

test

questions

or

the

percentage of correctly answered item in a


test.

69. DepEd

Order

Number

22,

series

2005 It includes the BSP, GSP, PNRY,


and Anti-TB Education Drive as voluntary

64. Teacher-Pupil

Ratio

It

is

the

proportion of enrolment at a certain level

basis of contribution.

70. Peer Supervision It is being done to


Teacher 1 and Teacher 2.

77. School Climate It refers to the sum of


all values, cultures, safety practices and
organizational structures within a school

71. Intensive-Guided Supervision It is


being given to new teachers in the school.
72. Collaborative Supervision It is given
to

teachers

cooperatively

who
with

prefer
the

to

work

supervisor

in

developing a supervision form.

that cause it to function and react in


particular ways.
78. Alternative Learning System (ALS) It is
a parallel learning system to provide a
viable alternative to the existing formal
education.

73. Registry of Qualified Applicants It refers

79. Quality

Education

It

is

an

to the list of applicants deemed to have

appropriateness,

met the qualifications required by law

excellence of the education given to meet

based on the evaluation and selection

the needs and aspirations of an individual

guidelines for teacher positions in the

in a society.

relevance

and

elementary and secondary public schools.


80. DepEd Subsidized Program It is
74. Management It is a way the principals
use themselves to create a school climate

known as the pre-school education funded


by the PTA and other organizations.

characterized by staff productivity, pupil


productivity and creative thought.

81. Principle of Shared Governance It is


the principle which recognizes that every

75. Managerial

Acumen

It

is

the

unit in the education bureaucracy has a

systematic application of an array of skills

particular role, task and responsibility

that provide an orderly, efficient and

inherent in the office.

effective school environment.


82. Inferring It the process of reading
76. Potential This takes into account the
employees capability not only to perform

between

the

lines

or

drawing

of

implications.

the duties and assume the responsibilities


of the position to be filled but also to those
of higher and more responsible positions.

83. School-Based

Management

It

enables and empowers stakeholders to


manage their own affairs for improved
delivery of educational services in a
sustainable manner.

84. Accountability Mechanism It is the


criteria and quality dimensions of the

different

and

apparently

irrelevant

elements.

school-based management that includes


resourcing,

classroom

structuring

and

91. Normal

Grouping

It

is

the

identification of alternatives through a

pupil/student achievement.

highly structured procedure that purposely


85. Crisis Management It is a term

attempts to restrict verbal interaction.

generally applied to critical situation, a


turning point characterized by a sense of

92. School Plant It refers to the school


facilities of the school consisting of the

urgency.

site, buildings and other structures.


86. Threat

An

element

of

crisis
potential

93. Republic Act 9155, Section 14 It

hindrance to some state of goal desired by

refers to the implementing rules and

an organization or individual.

regulations

management

which

is

known

as

Authority,

Responsibility and Accountability (AuRA).


87. Decision

This

element

of

crisis

management refers to time in short when

94. Technical Competencies This refers

the situation will be altered in the near

to the development of the curriculum and

future after which no decision can be

supervision

made

implementation of the curriculum.

only

under

less

favorable

circumstances.

to

ensure

the

full

95. Human Resource Competencies This


crisis

refers to the role of the principal on the

management which refers to lack of self-

collaborative method which is complex

awareness by those affected by the crisis,

and it involves many variables; issues

is likely to occur, but is not equated with

deal with human factor affecting the staff,

the lack of planned response to the

attitudes and perception of the staffs,

situation.

climate conducive to productive work and

88. Surprise

The

element

of

emphasis on interpersonal issues.


89. Brainstorming

It

involves

the

spontaneous identification of alternatives


by

individuals

interacting

in

an

unrestrained setting.

96. Political Competencies It is a role


which

refers

to

limited

resources,

principals will either have to use for some


resources; the principal develops ways to

90. Synectics This is a creativity technique


that involves the identification of novel
alternatives through the joining together of

collaborate and cooperate in sharing


those resources.

97. Architectural Competencies This is

103.School

Improvement

Plan

An

the process by which the administrators

education development plan that shows

use

and

the intent and design that the schools will

relationships that will allow organizations

undertake to introduce improvements in

to get things down.

learning outcomes within the context of

to

frame/construct

roles

SBM in prescribed period and at a given


98. Bank It refers to World Bank (WB), the

cost.

lending agency for the NPSBE Project.


104.Annual Improvement Plan It identifies
99. National Program Support to Basic

the problems and objectives for one

Education (NPSBE) A 200 million US

school year and the intervention programs

dollars program support loan secured by

that

the government from the World Bank to

activities, time frame for implementing the

finance in part of the various key reform

activities,

thrusts outlined in the BESRA.

resources needed which are appropriate

100.Support

to

the

Philippine

Basic

include

strategies

persons

and

learning

responsible,

and

to achieve the objectives set.

Education Reforms (SPHERE) A grant

105.Qualified Recipient Schools These

fund from the Australian AID Trust Fund

are public elementary and secondary

amounting to 41 million Au$.

schools with grant applications submitted

101.School

Based

Management

decentralization
authority

from

of

The

decision-making

central,

regional,

and

division levels to the individual schools

to their respective Division Offices and


found to be eligible under the terms and
conditions of this set of guidelines.
106.Eligible Activities and Expenditure

with the intent bringing together the school

Items

heads, teachers, students as well as the

expenditure items within the parameters

parents, the local government units, and

set out in the NPSBE Loan Agreement

the

community

improved

at

learning

large

These

are

activities

and

in

bringing

and which are recognized as reimbursable

outcomes

through

by the World Bank.

effective schools.
107.School Grant Proposal A school
102.Grant The funding facility authorized to
be

used

by

the

schools

in

SBM

program/or project proposal that primarily


focuses on the development of ideal or

operations, also known as the SBM

educationally

Support and Installation Fund or the SBM

environment for children based on the

Grant.

accepted/approved SIP/AIP submitted to


the

Division

maximal

Office

that

learning

outlines

proposed project and shows budgetary

whose performance indicators have been

requirements

computed as way below standards.

and

requests

monetary

assistance in the form of a grant.


111. 4Ps Program It is a poverty reduction
108.Implementing Units It refers to the

measure of the Philippine government that

secondary schools that maintain separate

focuses on human capital investment in

book of accounts.

the poorest of the poor households in the


country.

109.Non-implementing Units It refers to


public elementary and secondary schools

112. 4Ps

Schools

These

public

within

the

without separate book of accounts that are

elementary

under the direct supervision of the division

municipalities covered by the 4Ps program

offices.

managed by DSWD.

110. High Priority Divisions These refer to


the 40 highly challenged DepEd divisions

schools

are

113. 7m x 9m classroom The conventional


design of classroom to be adopted fo