Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 19

.

...................................................................................................................................................................................1
.....................................................................................................................................................................................................3
....................................................................................................................................................................3
BE.....................................................................................................................................................3
BE............................................................................................................................................................3
............................................................................................................................................3
...........................................................................................................................................................4
......................................................................................................................................4
.................................................................................................................................................5
Top 100 / 1996 (Ethnologue, 13th Edition)....................................................................................................................................5
..............................................................................................................................7
................................................................................................................................................................8
( )........................................................................................................................8
( )...........................................................................................................................8
(100 ).....................................................................................................................................................................9
(18)..................................................................................................................................9
( - 4)......................................................................................................................................................9
(23)............................................................................................................................................................................9
(2)........................................................................................................................................................................................9
(7)...........................................................................................................................................................................................9
(46).................................................................................................................................................................9
(400 ).............................................................................................................................................10
............................................................................................................................................................................................10
- .................................................................................................................................................10
- ....................................................................................................................................................10
............................................................................................................................................................................10
.................................................................................................................................................................................10
...........................................................................................................................................10
, , .................................................................................................................10
............................................................................................................................................10
.................................................................................................................................................10
, ....................................................................................................................................................11
.........................................................................................................................................................................11
( ) .............................................................................11
( )............................................................................................11
.......................................................................................................................................................................................11
.....................................................................................................................................................11
..............................................................................................................................................................11
.....................................................................................................................................................................................11
........................................................................................................................................11
....................................................................................................................................................11
................................................................................................................................................................12
.................................................................................................................................................................12
, , ........................................................................................................................12
.......................................................................................................................................................................12
( )............................................................................................................................12
.....................................................................................................................................................................................13
............................................................................................................................................................................13
..........................................................................................................................................................13
.............................................................................................................................................................................................13
................................................................................................................................................................13
...................................................................................................................................................................................13
( ).......................................................................................................13
.............................................................................................................................................................................................13
.......................................................................................................................................................14

...................................................................................................................................................................14
..............................................................................................................................................................................14
..............................................................................................................................................................14
(200 )...............................................................................................................................................14
.........................................................................................................................................................14
, ............................................................................................................................................14
.......................................................................................................................................................................14
.......................................................................................................................................................................................14
......................................................................................................................................................................................14
....................................................................................................................................................................................15
()...........................................................................................................................................................15
................................................................................................................................................................15
.........................................................................................................................................................................15
................................................................................................................15
( ).................................................................................................................................15
.........................................................................................................................................................................15
..........................................................................................................................................................................15
....................................................................................................................................................................................15
...................................................................................................................................................................................16
...................................................................................................................................................................16
( )........................................................................................................................................16
, , :......................................................................................................................................16
.............................................................................................................................................................................................16
.....................................................................................................................................................................................16
(100 50 ).......................................................................................16
..............................................................................................................................................................16
.............................................................................................................................16
()............................................................................................................................16
()............................................................................................................................17
.......................................................................................................................................................................................17
, , (+)...........................................................................................................................................................17
(-)...................................................................................................................................................................17
....................................................................................................................................17
..................................................................................................................................................................................17
................................................................................................................................................................................18
............................................................................................................................................................18
...............................................................................................................................................................18
( ).............................................................................................................................................18
( )............................................................................................................................................18



, 1932 . ..
850 :
100 [ !] (, , , );
600 (400 200 );
150 , (100 50 ).
, 850 , ,
"" ; 100
, ...

BE

Plurals end in 's.' (animals, shoes, hands) [mans, womans, childs, foots?]
Derivatives in 'er,' 'ing,' 'ed' from 300 nouns (doged love, a loving dog, a lover)
[ ed ing ?]
Adverbs in 'ly' from qualifiers. (most, mostly = ?)
Degree with 'more' and 'most.' (good, more good, most good [not good - better - best] )
Questions by inversion and 'do.' (Do you see?)
Operators and pronouns conjugate in full. (he, him, his)
Measurement, numerals, currency, calendar, and international terms in English form.

BE
In addition there were 50 "international words" such as "radio",etc. that are the same in practically
every language, and therefore did not have to be learned but could legitimately be used, and 50 more that were
tentatively considered.


(-)
, 900 (
) . 2429 .
[ .. ?].
800
,
- .
.
881 .
1850. , 3000 (
, -, 40000 -). 300 .
, 300 .

..
(http://www.languages-study.com/how-many-words-2.html):
- 40 , 50%
;
- 200 80%;
- 300 85%;
- 400 90%;
- 800-1000 95%.
4 :
- 200 60%;
- 300 - 65%;
- 400 - 70%;
- 800 - 80%;
- 1500-2000 - 90%;
- 3000-4000 - 95%;
- 8000 99% .
:
- 400-500 ()
.
- 800-1000 , ;
.
- 1500-2000 , ,
; ,
.
- 3000-4000 ,
.
- 8000 .
, , ,
.
- 10.000-20.000 ( )
10 . 20 .
- 50.000-100.000 (
).
.., 1500 ,
.
:
- , , - 100.000 ;
- - 200.000 .


500 .. 2000 2500.
, 21197.
, 100 20%
. 1500-2000 - 85%.
1500 4000 . - 8000 .
500 - 70% . ,
. 500 000 300 000 .


Top 100 / 1996 (Ethnologue, 13th Edition)
N.

..

885-1,075

()

1.

2.

(.)

332-425

( )

3.

(.)

322-514

( )

5.

( - ) (.)

, 370

182

( )

4.

189-215

( )

6.

, 500

170-194

( )

7.

(.)

170-277

( )

8.

(.)

125

( )

9.

, 420 , 1470

98,000,000

( )

10. ,

, 960

77,175,000

11. (.)

, ,

75,500,800

12. (.)

, 200

75,000,000

13.

, 570 , 1440

14. (.)

67,662,000

15. (.)

66,350,000

16. ,

, 1030

66,000,000

17.

, 1500 , 430

64,783,000

18.

, 130

63,075,000

19.

, 260

59,000,000

20.

, 1560 , 490

58,000,000

21. ,

, 1080

49,000,000

22. ,

, 1130

45,000,000

23.

, 1600 , 530

44,000,000

24.

, 210 , 1650

44,000,000

25. - (.)

(.. 170-256)

42,500,000

26.

, 250 , 1690

41,000,000

27.

, 610 , 1730

37,000,000

28. ,

, 1170

36,015,000

29.

, 160

34,022,000

30. ,

, 1200

34,000,000

31.

, 190

33,663,000

32.

, 560

31,000,000

33. ,

, 590

30,000,000

34. [.?]

, 110

27,000,000

35. ,

, 620

26,013,000

36.

, 640

26,000,000

( )

72-129

( )

37.

, 650

25,000,000

38. ,

, 280 , 80

24,364,000

39. ,

24,280,000

40.

, 670

24,260,000

41 Hausa [hua] (. .)

Nigeria

24,200,000

42 Arabic, algerian [arq]

Algeria, 60

22,400,000

43 Burmese [bms] (.-.)

Myanmar ()

22,000,000

44 Serbo-croatian [src]

Yugoslavia

21,000,000

45 Chinese, gan [knn]

China, 1220

20,580,000

46 Awadhi [awd] (. )

India

20,540,000

47 Thai [thj] (.)

Thailand

20,047,000

48 Dutch [dut]

Netherlands

20,000,000

49 Yoruba [yor] (. - )

Nigeria, 20

20,000,000

50 Sindhi [snd]

Pakistan, 690

19,720,000

51 Arabic, moroccan [ary]

Morocco, 80

19,542,000

52 Arabic, saidi [aec]

Egypt, 100

18,900,000

53 Uzbek, northern [uzb]

Uzbekistan, 300 , 100

18,466,000

54 Malay [mli]

Malaysia, Pen., 130

17,600,000

55 Amharic [amh] (.)

Ethiopia

17,413,000

56 Indonesian [inz]

Indonesia, 150

17,050,000

57 Igbo [igr] ()

Nigeria

17,000,000

58 Tagalog [tgl]

Philippines, 170

17,000,000

59 Nepali [nep]

Nepal, 710

16,056,000

60 Arabic, sudanese [apd]

Sudan, 120

16,000,000

61 Saraiki [skr]

Pakistan

15,015,000

62 Cebuano [ceb]

Philippines, 180

15,000,000

63 Arabic (north [apc]

Syria, 130

15,000,000

64 Thai, northeastern [tts] ] (.)

Thailand

15,000,000

65 Assamese [asm]

India, 720

14,634,000

66 Hungarian [hng]

Hungary

14,500,000

67 Chittagonian [cit] (.)

Bangladesh, 730

14,000,000

68 Arabic, mesopotamian [acm]

Iraq, 140

13,900,000

69 Madura [mhj]

Indonesia, Java+Bali, 190

13,694,000

70 Sinhala [snh]

Sri Lanka

13,220,000

71 Haryanvi [bgc]

India

13,000,000

72 Marwari [mkd] (.)

India

12,104,000

73 Czech [czc]

Czech Republic

12,000,000

74 Greek [grk]

Greece

12,000,000

75 Magahi [mqm]

India

12,000,000

76 Chhattisgarhi [hne]

India

10,985,000

77 Deccan [dcc] (.)

India

10,709,800

78 Chinese, min bei [mnp]

China, 1230

10,537,000

79 Belarusan [ruw]

Belarus

10,200,000

80 Zhuang, northern [ccx]

China

10,000,000

81 Arabic, najdi [ars]

Saudi Arabia, 150

9,800,000

82 Pashto, northern [pbu]

Pakistan

9,685,000

83 Somali [som] (. .)

Somalia

9,472,000

84 Malagasy [mex]

Madagascar, 120

9,398,700

85 Arabic, tunisian [aeb]

Tunisia, 160

9,308,000

86 Rwanda [rua]

Rwanda

9,306,800

87 Zulu [zuu] ()

South Africa, 30

9,142,000

88 Bulgarian [blg]

Bulgaria

9,000,000

89 Swedish [swd]

Sweden

9,000,000

90 Lombard [lmo]

Italy

8,974,000

91 Oromo, west-central [gaz] (.) Ethiopia

8,920,000

92 Pashto, southern [pbt]

Afghanistan

8,206,000

93 Kazakh [kaz]

Kazakhstan, 310 , 110

8,000,000

94 Ilocano [ilo]

Philippines, 170

8,000,000

95 Tatar [ttr]

Russia, 320 , 120

8,000,000

96 Fulfulde, nigerian [fuv]

Nigeria, 40

7,611,000

97 Arabic, sanaani [ayn]

Yemen, 170

7,600,000

98 Uyghur [uig]

China, 330 , 130

7,595,512

99 Haitian creole french [hat]

Haiti

7,372,000

00 Azerbaijani, north [aze]

Azerbaijan, 340 , 140

7,059,000

01 Napoletano-calabrese [npl]

Italy

7,047,400

02 Khmer, central [kmr]

Cambodia

7,039,200

03 Farsi, eastern [prs]

Afghanistan

7,000,000

04 Akan [tws] ()

Ghana

7,000,000

05 Hiligaynon [hil]

Philippines, 140

7,000,000

06 Kurmanji [kur]

Turkey

7,000,000

07 Shona [shd]

Zimbabwe, 50

7,000,000

- ?


o 640 ( 330 . 170, . 70, . 40; .)
o 440 ( 320)
o 730 (- 180+60, 190; )
o ( 170-280; , , )
1230 (.. 890)
(- c 170-256)

246-340 ( 130 140: 60)


160-190 ( 80)
200 ( 70 60)
170 ( 40-80?)
. -
. , :
() ,
.
( , , )
, [ ].
,
. [
].


( )

: E - 13,1; T - 10,5; A - 8,2; O - 8; N - 7,1; R - 6,9; I - 6,4; S - 6,1; H - 5,2; D - 3,8; L - 3,4; F 2,9; C - 2,8; M, U - 2,5; G, P, Y - 2; W - 1,5; B - 1,4; V - 0,9; K - 0,4; J, Q, X, Z - 0,1 [E A O I
T N R].
( ): - 4,9; B - 5,3; C - 8,9; D - 6,3; E - 3,8;
F - 5,0; G - 3,1; H - 3,5; I - 4,5; J - 1,0; K - 0,8; L - 3,1; M - 4,3; N - 2,4; O - 3,0; P - 8,8; Q - 0,5; R 5,5; S - 12,2; T - 5,8; U - 2,4; V - 1,5; W - 3,3; X - 0,03; Y - 0,3; Z - 0,2 [ ].

( )

: - 11,6; B - 8,2; C - 0,5; D - 4,2; E - 5,5; F - 4,5; G - 5,4; H - 5,1; I - 1,3; J - 0,6; K 5,2; L - 3,1; M - 4,6; N - 2,6; O - 0,9; P - 3,0; Q - 0,4; R - 3,6; S - 10,2; T - 2,8; U - 3,6; V - 5,3; W 3,6; X - 0,04; Y - 0,02; Z - 3,6 [ : A B K~C E S].

(100 )
(18)

, : do (-), make (-);


, , : be (, ); have (, );
get (, ), take (, ), give (), keep (,
), put (, );
: go (), come () [goto]; send ();
: may (), let (), will (; ) [ can?];
: see (), seem ();
, , : say (; ).

( - 4)

( , ): yes () [, ] - ye, no ()
[ ] - no; well (; ) [ ; ];
please () [ ?];

(23)

: I (), you (), he (), who ();


: all (), any (), every (), other (), some
(); such (); that (), this () [ which, what ?];
: where (); here (), there ();
: when (); ever (), then (, ; ), now ();
: how (); so ();
: why (); because ( ; : as, so) [ and so];

(2)
( )
: a ( ), the ( );

(7)

: and (), or (), but (); if (), though (), while (); than ();

(46)

(): at (), to (), from (); in (), off (); on (), under
(); among (), between (); across (), through ();
- (): with (; ..), about (; ;
..); for (; ..); by (; ..; ); as (; ..); of ( ; ..);
(): up (), down (); far () [..
from], near () [at?]; forward (), over (); out () [~off?], together ()
[with?]; against (); before (), after ();
( ): north ( ), south ( ), east ( ),
west ( ) [ , .?];
( ): tomorrow () [afterday, thenday], yesterday ()
[beforeday, tillday]; still ( ; ); till (); again ();
(): almost (), enough (), even (), little
(), much (), only (), quite (), very (); not ();

(400 )

: rhythm (), stage (; ), time (),

: year (); month (), week (); summer () [hot-season], winter () [snowseason] [ spring () pre-summer, melt-season?, autumn () pre-winter, rainseason?, season () year-part?]
: day (), night (), morning (), [evening?]; hour (), minute (), [second
()?]

: place (), country (, ; ); space (,


); side (),
: back (; ), front (), middle (); top
(, ), [bottom, inside, outside?]
: distance (; []), size (), [ ]
: land (), level (), edge (, ; , ), end (),
limit (),
: curve ( ), [ - ?]

(): mountain (); river (), sea (), field (), harbor (;
), [; , , ; , ?] earth (, , ),
( ): sky (), [?]
- : weather ();
- : wind (), thunder (); rain (), snow (); [, ,
]; heat (, ), [?] wave (),

: existence (, ; ), substance (), thing (),


: mass (), weight (), force (); form (), color (),

, ,

: []
: dust (), mist (; ; ), powder (, ; ,
),
: liquid (), current (; ),
: blow (, ; ),
: burn (, ), fire (), flame (),
: light (), ray (),

: air (), water (), ice ()


: metal (); iron (); copper (); gold (), silver (,
);
: sand (), stone (); chalk (); oil (), coal ();
: wax (), wood (; ),

: steam (, ),
: impulse (, ), smash ( ), shake (,
),
: crack (, ; , ), crush (, ; ,
), burst (, ),
: hole (; ), shade (, ), polish (, ),
: sound (), noise (), harmony (),

: condition (), relation (),


: statement (), position (),
: property (), quality ();
: group (), structure (), system (),

( )

start (; ), stop (, ), process (, ),


power (, ), tendency (, , , ),

( )

: selection (), distribution ()


: addition (), connection (); join (),
: change (), exchange (, ),
: development (); expansion (); increase (,
()),
: destruction (); loss (, ),

: animal (), man (), insect () [ bird ?]


: plant (; ; ); flower (), fruit (), grain (;
), grass () [, , , ]

: body (), blood (),


: birth (), growth (), death (),
: pain (), disease (), cough (), sneeze ();
: digestion (), desire (), sleep (),
: drink (, ), breath (, , )
: family (); father (), mother (), brother (), sister (), son (),
daughter (), [, ; , ]
[ ]: sex (),

: meat (); milk (), [ ?]


: rice (),

: feeling (), sense (, ),


: hearing (), smell (), [, ]

: voice (),

: behavior ();
: flight (), jump (), run (), step (), swim (), slip
(), [, ]
: [, , ]
: cry (, ), laugh (), smile ()
: rub (()), touch (), stretch (), grip (;
),
: bite (), wound (), kick (), []
: kiss ();

: act (), operation (, )


: design (),
: attempt (; ), taste (), test (),
: base (),
: use (),
: help (), support (),

, ,

: discussion (), argument (, ); suggestion (),


advertisement (), question (), request (; ), answer ();
protest (), offer (), opinion (), approval (; ),
: decision (), division (); agreement (); rule
(, ),
: belief (), doubt (),
: authority (; ); direction (; , ;
), order (, ; ), point (, ; ,
),
:adjust (; ; ; ;
(), ); organization (, )
: observation (, ); attention (; ) [?],
control (; ),

: knowledge (), experience (),


: idea (), memory (), mind (, , , ,
; ), reason (; ), thought (, ()),
: word (), unit (), value (), number (;
), detail (; ), name (), sign (),

( )

: mark (), measure (), look (), discovery (),


: learning (, , , ), education
() [ ?]; reading (),
: talk (), teaching (), writing (;
); prose ( ), verse ( ), view (), paint (), copy

(), print (); story (), letter (), news (), note (), page (,
, ), list (), record (), example (),
: reaction (), effect (, ; (), ), event
(), fact (), cause (, ), chance (); error ();
: range (; ()), rate (, ), comparison (), degree
(), sort (), representative (),

: motion (), fall (),


: journey (), walk (), way (),
: lead (), lift (), move (), pull (), push
(), roll (; ),
: fold (, ), twist (, ), turn (), slope (),

: smoke (), wash (),


: paste (), stitch (), tin (),

: glass (), paper ()


:ink (; )
: soap ()
: brass (), steel (),
: cotton (), silk (), wool (), linen (), canvas (), leather
(; ),

: cork (), cover (), cloth (),


: vessel (),
: room (), seat (); road (),

: food (); meal (), bread (), butter (), [, ] [ ]


: wine (), [; , ] [ ]
: soup (),
: bit (), cook (; ), scale (, ,
),
: jelly (; ), poison (), salt (), sugar (),

: need (), interest (), pleasure (; ; ),


profit (, ), purpose (, ),
: amusement (); play (); surprise (),
: comfort (), peace (), rest (),
: hope (), humor (),
: regret (), trouble (),
: care (; ), love (),
hate (), disgust (), damage (),
danger (), fear (, ; , ),

( )

: attraction (, ); respect (; ),
: meeting (; );

: attack (), fight (), competition (, ); war (),


: shame (), shock (),
: trick (, ),

: person (), woman (),


, : manager (), judge (), expert (;
), porter (, ; ), servant (), secretary (,
), [];
: friend (), guide (, ), [, (), , ]

: society (), nation (),


: language (), religion (),
: crime (), punishment (), law (),
: art (, ), business (; ), work (),

: balance (; ; ); debt (), credit (, ); insurance


(); money (), payment (), tax (), reward (, ),
: market (), price () [, , ]
: account (), amount (, , , , )
: self (), mine (), owner (); part (, ), waste (),

: government (, ); committee (, ); company


(, ),
: industry (, ); produce (),
: invention (); instrument (, ); machine (,
, ), apparatus (, ; ) [?]
() : trade (, , ), building (;
), driving (), transport (),

: history (), science (), theory (),


: fiction (; ); ornament (), music
(), song (),

(200 )
( , ?)

line (), angle (), arch (, ), circle (), ball (; ); pipe (), ring
(), [; , , ; , , ]
three () [ - ..?]

: sun (), moon (),


: star (); cloud (),
: island ();
: spring (),

: drop () [ ?]

: root (), stem (, ), branch (), rod (, ), leaf


(),
[]: berry (), nut (), seed (),
: apple (), orange () [ ]
: potato (), bulb (), [, , - ]

: bird (), fish (), worm (), snake () [amphibious, lizard]


: ant (), bee (), fly (), []
: cat (), dog (); horse (), cow (), sheep (), goat
(), pig (); fowl ( ); monkey (), rat ()

()

: head (), chest (); arm (), hand (), [?] finger (.),
thumb (..); leg (), foot (), knee (), toe (.); nail ()
: hair (), face (), mouth (), lip (), tongue (), tooth (), nose
(), chin (); neck (), throat (), brain (); ear (), eye () [,
, , ]
: tail (); horn (); wing (), feather (),
: heart (), stomach () [(), (), (), ()]
: frame (); bone (), muscle (), nerve (), skin () [; ]
: egg (), [, ?]

: gun (); net (), [, ]


: needle (), blade (); brush (); match (); stick (, ,
), whip (, ); sponge (, ), comb (; ; ); spade
(; ), hammer (), scissors (); plough/plow (; ),
C:

( , ): board (), brick ();


wire (), chain (); pin (), screw (, , ), [], hook ();
cord (, ), thread (); drain (, )
: knot () [cord joining]

( )

: bath (); oven () [, ]


: bed (), table (),
: shelf (), cushion ( ) [ pillow?],

, , : coat (), hat (); shirt (),


trousers (), boot (), sock (); dress (), shoe (), skirt (); collar
(), pocket (), glove (); umbrella () [, , , ;
, ]
( .. ): curtain (, ),

: jewel ( ),

, : basket (), box (), bag (); cup (), basin (,


, ); pot (, , ), bucket (), bottle (); kettle
( ); plate (), tray (, );
( ): fork (), spoon (), knife ();

: carriage (), boat (), ship (), plane (), train


(), cart ();
: wheel (), sail (); brake (), engine (), [, ,
]
: parcel () [sending]

: lock (), bell (), whistle (); clock ( ), watch (


); camera (); pump (),
: button (); key ();

: book (); map (); picture (, , );


stamp ()
: card (), receipt (; ), ticket (),
: pen (), pencil ();
: flag ()

( )

: town (); farm (), stocking (),


: bridge (); square (), street (); house ();
: rail (, ), roof (), floor (; ), wall (), door
(), window (), []
: garden (),

, , :

army (),
bank (; , ), church (), hospital (), library (), station
(), office (), store (), prison (), school (), []

: baby (); boy (), girl ();


, : drawer (, ) [ ?]

: cake (), cheese (),

(100 50 )

: chemical (), electric (), physical (); automatic


(); material (; ), medical (, ), military
(), natural (), political ()
: hollow (, ), full ()

: regular (, , ); broken (,
), cut ()
:necessary (); possible (), probable (),

()

: flat (), round (), straight ()


( ): high (), great (), deep (), long
(), thick (), wide ()
: parallel (), separate (); right (; ); first
(), second (, ),
: early (), frequent (), past (), present (, ,
); new (); waiting ()
: quick (), sudden (); strong (), violent (,
); open (); dependent (, ), hanging (); fixed
(, ; )
(): elastic (), hard (, ), smooth (,
; ), sticky (, ; ; ), stiff (, , ),
tight (, , , ); sharp ()
(, ): clean (); wet (); boiling ()
: complex (, ),
: equal (, ), like (, ), same ( ),
(): good (); true (); important (), serious
(); ready (); beautiful (),
(): cheap (),
, : normal (), common (), general (,
, ), private (),

()

: bent ()
: low (), narrow (), short (), small (), thin ();
: left (), opposite ();
: future (), last (), late (),
: slow (); loose (; ); shut (, )
(): soft (), solid (); rough (),
(, ): dirty (), dry (),
: mixed (), simple (),
: different (, ), strange (, ), special (),
: bad (); false (), wrong (); safe ();
complete (, ); certain (, )
(): dear (),
, : public (); secret (, ),

, , (+)

[ ]: black (), brown (), grey/gray (),


yellow (); bright (), clear (, )
: acid (, ), sweet () [ ]
: quiet () [ ] [ , ]
: [ ] [fetid - + ?]

: warm ();

(-)

[ ]: blue (), green (), white ();


dark (),
: bitter (), delicate (, ) [ ?],
: loud (),
:
: cold (),

: healthy (), living (; ); tired () [ + ?],


: male (); young ().
(): fat (), tall ()
( ): fertile (),

: awake () [ - ?]; feeble (), ill (), dead


(),
: female (); old ()

: free (); poor (); married (); chief (,


)

( )

: angry ( []), happy (, ),


, , : kind (); conscious (), responsible (); wise
(); able (, ), read ()

( )

: sad (),
: cruel (); foolish (),

Вам также может понравиться