Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 18

3 types of tectonic plate

boundary

convergent, divergent,
transform

a molecule of hemoglobin can hold how many


molecules of oxygen in the blood for
transport

how many sacral nerves

how many lumbar nerves

how many cervical nerves

12

how many thorasic nerves

accuracy

how close your answer is to


what the answer should be

acetic acid

vinegar is also known as

active transport

molecules move up; requires


energy

adaptation

receive, interpret, and respond to internal


and external stimuli via the nervous
system

alveoli

is where the gas exchange


occurs

anaphase

sister chromatids separate,


centremeres divide

anatomical position

body is facing forward, feet are parallel, and


arms are at the sides with palms facing
forward

anion

negative ion

archimedes' principle

an object immersed in a fluid is buoyed up by


a force equal to the weight of fluid displaced
by the object.

atom

smallest unit of matter

atomic mass

atomic number equals number


of neutrons

atomic number

number of protons (which for neutral


atoms , is equal to the number of
electrons)

autonomic

consists of sensory and motor neurons.


controls involuntary responses

bones

skeletal components

boron

boyle's law

the pressure is inversely


proportional to the volume of gas

bromine

Br2

cardiovascular components

blood, heart, blood vessels

catalyst

speeds up a reaction

cat ion

positive ion

cell

basic unit of life

charles law

as temperature increases,
volume increases

chloraplast

photosynthesis occurs and


gives green color

chlorine

Cl2

cirrus clounds are

above 18,000 feet

compound

a substance formed by the chemical


combination of two or more elements

condensation

gas to liquid

conduction

occurs through direct contact

conduction, convection,
radiation

what are the three methods of


heat transfer

convection

transfer of heat in air

convergent

ocean & land

covalent bond

atoms linked together by


sharing valence electrons

cumulus, stratus, and


stratocumulus clouds

below 6,000 feet

the condition of rickets is associated


with a deficiency in vitamin

deep

away from the body surface

dependent variable

response observed by changing


the independent variable

diastolic

your arm at rest is


_________?

diffusion

movement of molecules from high


concentration to low concentration

digestive components

mouth, esophagus, liver, stomach,


pancreas, gall bladder, intestines, colon

distal

down/inferior

divergent

plates pull apart (volcano


forms)

dorsal body cavity

contains the cranial cavity and


spinal column

down syndrome affects


chromosome

21

ear

the organ of corti is found in


what area

electron shell

energy level

endocrine components

pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, pineal,


thymus, adrenal, pancreas, ovary, testis

endocrine function

secretes hormones

endothermic

requires energy

enzyme

protein catalyst

esophagus

what anatomical structure connects


the stomach to the mouth?

eukaryote cell

has a nuclear membrane

exothermic

_________reaction produces
heat

facilitated diffusion

molecules cannot diffuse


without carrier proteins

fibula and tibia

2 bones found in the area


between the knee and ankle

flourine

F2

four chemical bases of DNA

adenine, guanine, cytosine,


thymine

the greater the heat capacity

the less the temp will change

homeostasis

to maintain a stable
environment

hydrogen

H2

hypertonic solution

solution having a lower water


concentration

hypotonic solution

solution having a higher water


concentration

igneous rock

volcano or magma

inclined plane

slanting surface connecting a lower


level to a higher level (ladder)

independent variable

can be changed or altered

integumentary components

skin, hair, nails

integumentary function

protect

iodine

I2

ion

an electolite

ionic bond

a combo of sodium and


chlorine to form NaCl

isotonic solution

a solution with an equal


concentration

isotope

an atom of an element that has the same


number of protons but different number of
neutrons

lateral

toward the outer side of the


body

LDL

low-density lipoproteins

left of the periodic table

all metal

lever

stiff bar that rests on a support called a


fulcrum which lifts or moves loads
(hammer)

lewis acid

electron pairacceptor; will turn


red

lewis base

electron pair donor, will turn


blue

lipid

a steroid is considered

locomotion

voluntary and involuntary movement of


body via the musculoskeletal system

the longer the wave length

the shorter the frequency

the lower the specific heat


capacity

the hotter it will get

lymphatic function

transports and cleanses blood

lymphatic is connected to the

cardiovascular

maltase

breaks down maltose to


glucose

manganese

Mn

matter

anything that takes up space

metal

always gives the electron;


conduct electricity

metamorphic rocks

heat and pressure form

metaphase

chromosomes align in the


middle

mitochondrion

is known as the power house

molarity

means concentration, the higher number


of molarity, the more concentration

mole

a word the describes a


number

the mouth is to the

bolus (food)

multi-cellular

eukaryotic

my very excellent mother just


sent us nine pizzas

M.V.E.M.J.S.U.N.P

natural selection

those with the most favorable traits have


the most success in reproduction

nervous components CNS


(central)

brain and spinal cord

nervous components PNS

nerves and sense organs

nervous function

receive and transmit impulses

newtons first law of motion

every object in a state of uniform motion tends to


remain in that state of motion unless an external
force is applied to it (gravity) INTERTIA

nitrogen

N2

organelles

structures within a cell

osmosis

passive diffusion of water


molecules

osmosis

process of water molecules moving


down the concentration gradient

oxidation

reduction; transfer of electrons

oxygen

O2

parasympathetic

slow heartbeat, low-blood


pressure, constricted pupils

passive transport

controls what enters and what


leaves

patella

kneecap

path of blood through the


heart

comes in through the right


ventricle

peristalsis

the movement of food through


the intestines

phenotype

the physical expressions of a


gene

potential energy

stored energy

precision

how close your measurements


are to each other

prokaryote cell

no nuclear membrane

prophase

chromatin condenses into


chromosomes

prostaglandins

control blood pressure

proximal

superior/up

pulley

simple machine that uses grooved wheels and


a rope to raise, lower or move a load (blinds)

qualitative

descriptions or qualities

quantitative

numerical/scientific notation

radiation

transfer of energy

reproductive components

gonads

reproductive function

propagation

respiratory components

nose, trachea, lungs

respiratory function

gas exchange

right of the periodic table

non-metals; do not conduct


electricity

RNA

ribonucleic acid

RNA

Has U's

sagittal section

cut made along a longitudinal plane


dividing the body into right and left parts

screw

an inclined plane wrapped around a pole


which holds things together or lifts materials
(screw)

sedimentary rock

rock shatters

selectively permeable

some molecules are allowed to


pass through

semi-permeable

will only allow water to pass

the shorter the wavelength

the higher the frequency

shoulder joint

ball and joint socket

skeletal function

support, protection, storage of


minerals

solid

holds shape; fixed volume

solute

salt or sugar

solvent

water

sublimation

solid to gas

superficial

toward or at the body surface

surfactant

breathing properly requires the presence of


what compound that affects surface tension
of the alveoli in the lungs

sympathetic

stimulates heartbeat, raises blood


pressure, dilates pupils, dilates trachea and
bronchi

synapse

neurons connect together

systolic pressure

the top number on a blood


pressure reading

tectonic plate movement

metamorphic rocks

tectonic plates moving in


ocean could cause

volcanic eruptions

telophase

chromatin expands; cytoplasm


divides

theory

statement on what is thought


to be true

tissues

epithelial, connective, muscle,


nervous

trachea

part of the respiratory system


contains mucus that traps bacteria

transcription

DNA to RNA

transform

rub against each other forming


hurricane

translation

RNA into protein

translation

takes MRNA every 3 bases of


your MRNA codon

transport

which of the following is not


considered a function of the kidneys?

transport

function of the kidneys

T's

There are no _____ in RNA

unicellular

prokaryotic

urinary components

kidneys, ureters, bladder,


urethra

vagus nerve

the X cranial nerve

valence

outer shell electrons

valence electron

outside electrons

wavelength

is from peak to peak

wedge

object with at least one slanting side ending


in a sharp edge, which cuts material apart
(shovel)

what happens when an ice cube


is placed in a glass of water

water releases heat to ice in


process conduction

what powers the hydrologic


cycle

heat energy from the sun

wheel & axle

wheel with a rod, and an axle,


through its center (bike)