Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

Table

8.0

Item

DMM
Oscillosco
pe
Function
Generator

Manufact
urer and
Model
No.
Agilent
34405A
DS03202
A
Agilent
33220A

Laboratory
Serial No.

c)

TW47190061
MY440275643
3220A
CN47158753

d)

e)

f)
II. Procedure
Part One.
a) Construct the network of Fig. 8.1.
Insert the measured values of R. The
internal dc resistance of the coil will be
ignored because it is so small compared
to the other series elements of the
circuit.

Fig 8.1

Fig 8.1 on the breadboard

b)

After setting E to 8V(p-p) determine the


peak-to-peak voltage for VR from

g)
h)

channel two and record in the top row of


Table 8.1
Determine the phase angle 1 between
E and VR using the connection shown in
Fig 8.1 and the dual-trace method
introduced in Experiment 7. Record the
results in the top row.
Determine Ip-p fromIp-p=VR(pp)/Rmeasured. Enter the results in the first
column of Table 8.2
Determine the input impedance from
ZT=Ep-p/Ip-p. Enter the results in the
first column of Table 8.2
Calculate the total impedance
(magnitude and angle) and current Ip-p
from the nameplate value of the
inductance and the measured resistor
value. Ignore the effect of RP. Enter the
results in the second column of Table
8.2
Compare the results of (e) and (f) and
explain the source of any differences.
Reverse the positions of R and L and
measure VL(p-p) ( to ensure that the
oscillator (or generator) and the
oscilloscope have a common ground).
Record this value in the second row of
Table 8.1

Fig 8.1 on a breadboard with the resistor and the inductor reversed.

i)

Determine the phase angle 2 between


E and VL using the dual-trace method
introduced in Experiment 7. Record the
results in the second row of Table 8.1
j) Show that your measurements from
parts (b) and (h) satisfy Kirchloffs
voltage law. That is, show that
E=(VR^2+VL^2) using peak-to-peak
values.
k) The phase angle between VR ( in phase
with I) and VL should be 90. Does |1|
+|2|=90? What is the magnitude of
the percent difference (|90sum)|/90)*100%?
l) Using E=8V0, R=1K, and
L=10mH, calculate VR, VL and I at f=
10KHz (peak-to-peak values) and draw
the phasor diagram using peak-to-peak
values. Determine the phase angle 1
between E and VR and compare to the
measured values of 1 and 2 in Table
8.1.

Part Two.
a) Construct the network of Fig. 8.2. Insert
the measured resistor value.

Fig 8.2

Fig. 8.2 on a breadboard

b) After setting E to 8V(p-p), measure the


voltage VR(p-p) with the oscilloscope and
record in the top row of Table 8.3
c) Determine the phase angle 1 between
E and VR using the connections shown
in Fig 8.2 and the dual trace method
introduced in Experiment ac 7. Record
the results in the top row of Table 8.3
d) Determine Ip-p from Ip-p=VRp-p/Rmeasured.
Enter the results in the first column of
Table 8.4.
e) Determine the input impedance from
ZT=Ep-p/Ip-p and record in the first
column of Table 8.4.
f) Calculate the total impedance
(magnitude and angle) and current Ip-p
from the nameplate value of the
capacitance and the measured resistor
value. Record the results in the second
column of Table 8.4.
g) Compare the results of (e) and (f) and
explain the source of and differences.
h) Reverse the position of R and C and
measure Vcp-p (to ensure that the
oscillator (or generator) and the
oscilloscope have a common ground).
Record the results in the bottom row of
Table 8.3.

Fig 8.2 on a breadboard with the resistor and the capacitor


reversed.

Determine the phase angle 2 between


E and Vc using the dual trace method
introduced in experiment 7 and record
the results in the bottom row of Table
8.3
j) The phase angle between VR (in phase
with I) and Vc should be 90. Does |1|
+ |2|=90? What is the magnitude of
the percent different (|90- sum|/90)
*100.
k) Using E=8V0, R=1K, and C=
0.01F, calculate VR, Vc and I at f=
10KHz (peak-to-peak values) and draw
the phasor diagram using peak-to-peak
values. Determine the phase angle 1
between E and VR and compare to the
measured values of 2(c). Determine 2
from the phasor diagram and compare to
2 of (i). Record the results for 1 and
2 in the last column of Table 8.3.
l) Complete Table 8.4
m) Compare the measured and theoretical
results and explain and major
differences.

Fig 8.3

i)

Part three
a) Construct the network of Figure 8.3.
Insert the measured resistance values.
Ignore the effects of Rl in the following
analysis.

Fig 8.3 on a breadboard

b) Measure all the component voltages


with E= 8V(p-p). To ensure a common
ground between the oscilloscope and
oscillator for each measurement, make
sure the element is placed in the position
of the capacitor C. In other words,
reverse the order of the elements so that
the element across which the voltage is
to be measured has the position of C
indicated in Fig 8.3. Record in Table
8.5.

j)

Measure the voltage Vab and record in


Table 8.5. Compare to the results of 3
(h).

III. Observations and Results

Part One.
Fig 8.5 on a breadboard with the resistor as the load.

Table 8.1
VR(p-p)

R
an
d
1

6.4V

D1

D2
(measured)

(calculated)

.4

28.8

32.1

.8

57.6

57.9

VL(p-p)
Fig 8.5 on a breadboard with the inductor as the load.

c) Determine Ip-p from Ip-p= VR(pp)/Rmeasure. Enter the results in the first
column of Table 8.5.
d) Determine the input impedance from
ZT= Ep-p/Ip-p and record in the first
column of Table 8.5.
e) Using the nameplate values for L and C
and the measured value for R, calculate
ZT and record in the second column of
Table 8.5.
Compare with the result from 3(d).
f) Using E=8V0, find I, VR, VL, and Vc
using peak-to-peak values. Record the
results in the second column of Table
8.5.
g) Draw the phasor diagram, including I
and all the voltages.
h) Verify Kirchoffs law by showing that
E(VR^2+(VL-Vc)^2 using the
measured peak-to-peak values.
i) Use the voltage divider rule to calculate
the voltage Vab(p-p) and record in the
second column of Table 8.5

L
an
d
2

g) The results are the same


j) E=((6.4)^2+(4)^2)= 7.55
k) 28.8+57.6 =86.4
((90-86.4)/90)*100= 4%

Table 8.2
Quantity

Measured( or
Calculated

Theoretical
(Calculated)

from
Measured
Values)
8V
6.4V
4V
6.4mA
1.25K
86.4

Ep-p
VR(p-p)
VL(p-p)
Ip-p
ZT
T

g) The results are the same.


8V
6.4V
4.02V
6.4mA
1.25K
90

j) 28.8+57.6 =86.4
((90-86.4)/90)*100= 4%
Part 3
Table 8.5
Quantity

Part Two.
Table 8.3
VR(p-p)

R
an
d
1

4V

D1

D2
(measured)

(calculated)

.8

57.6

57.9

.4

28.8

32.1

Ep-p
VR(p-p)
VL(p-p)
Ip-p
ZT
Vab

Measured( or
Calculated
from
Measured
Values)
5.4V
3.2V
8.2V
5.4mA
1.48K
5.2V

Theoretical
(Calculated)

5.4V
3.4V
8.64V
5.4mA
1.48K
5.4V

VL(p-p)

L
an
d
2

6.4

e) The results are the same as 3(d).


h) E= ((5.4)^2+(3.4-8.64)^2)= ((5.4)^2+(5.24)^2)= (29.16+27.46)= 56.6176= 7.5
j) The results are almost the same as 3(h).

Table 8.4
Quantity

Ep-p
VR(p-p)
VL(p-p)
Ip-p
ZT
T

Measured( or
Calculated
from
Measured
Values)
8V
4V
6.4V
4mA
2K
86.4

Theoretical
(Calculated)

8V
4V
6.4V
4mA
2K
90

VI. References
R. Boylestad and G. Kousourou. Introductory
Circuit Analysis. Upper Saddle River, NJ:
Prentice Hall.